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Ragaee Sanaa S a Department of Food Science , Ontario College of Agriculture, University of Guelph , Guelph , Ontario , N1G 2W1 , - - 2014
Consumption of wholegrain foods has been recommended for healthy diets. The beneficial health properties of wholegrain products have been associated with the presence of higher amounts of dietary fiber and antioxidants and lower calories as compared to their respective refined ones. Phenolic compounds are mainly attributed to antioxidant properties of ...
Domínguez-Perles R R a Phytochemistry Lab. Department of Food Science and Technology , Centro de Edafología y Biología Aplicada del Segura-Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas (CEBAS-CSIC) , Espinardo ,  Murcia , 30100 , - - 2014
Brassica genus includes known horticultural vegetables with major economical importance worldwide, and involves vegetables of economical importance being part of the diet and source of oils for industry in many countries. Brassicales own a broad array of health-promoting compounds, emphasized as healthy rich sources of vitamin C. The adequate management ...
Nunes Elisabete E a Instituto de Investigação do Medicamento (iMed.ULisboa), Faculdade de Farmácia , Universidade de Lisboa Av. Prof. Gama Pinto , 1649-003 , Lisboa , - - 2014
Several epidemiological studies indicate that fish intake is associated with neurocognitive development and visual outcomes in children attributed to long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA). However, methylmercury (MeHg) represents the most toxic and abundant form of environmental mercury (Hg) exposure to humans and exposure occurs primarily through fish consumption. The objective ...
Brott David A DA Translational Patient Safety and Enabling Sciences, AstraZeneca Pharmaceuticals, Wilmington, DE, - - 2014
Several preclinical urinary biomarkers have been qualified and accepted by the health authorities (US Food and Drug Administration, European Medicines Agency, and Pharmaceuticals and Medical Devices Agency) for detecting drug-induced kidney injury during preclinical toxicologic testing. Validated human assays for many of these biomarkers have become commercially available, and this ...
Abe Takako K TK Department of Materials Science and Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Niigata University, Ikarashi 2-8050, Niigata 950-2181, - - 2014
Alzheimer's disease (AD) is widely considered to be caused by amyloid-β peptide (Aβ) accumulation in the brain. Aβ is excised from amyloid-β precursor protein through sequential cleavage by β-secretase 1 (BACE1) and γ-secretase. Thus, BACE1 inhibition could prevent Aβ accumulation. Here, we identified myo-inositol hexakisphosphate (IP6) as a BACE1 inhibitory ...
Silva Marcos P N MP Faculdade de Ciências de Guarulhos (FACIG/UNIESP), Av. Guarulhos, 1844, Guarulhos, SP 07025-000, Brazil. - - 2014
Schistosomiasis is a neglected tropical disease that affects hundreds of millions of people worldwide. Since the treatment of this disease currently relies on a single drug, praziquantel, new and safe schistosomicidal agents are urgently required. Nerolidol, a sesquiterpene present in the essential oils of several plants, is found in many ...
Fukahori Masahiro M Consumer Healthcare Products Development, Zeria Pharmaceutical Co., - - 2014
The aim of present study was to evaluate the qualities of chaste berry (fruit of Vitex agnus-castus L.) preparations using HPLC fingerprint analysis. Seven medicinal products 1 from Japan and 6 from Europe, and 17 health foods, 6 from Japan and 11 from the United States were analyzed. HPLC profile ...
Amakura Yoshiaki Y College of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Matsuyama University, 4-2 Bunkyo-cho, Matsuyama, Ehime 790-8578, Japan. - - 2014
Many recent studies have suggested that activation of the aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AhR) reduces immune responses, thus suppressing allergies and autoimmune diseases. In our continuing study on natural AhR agonists in foods, we examined the influence of 37 health food materials on the AhR using a reporter gene assay, and ...
Saxena Beenam B Department of Zoology, Bareilly College, Bareilly, Uttar Pradesh, - - 2014
The present study was carried out to evaluate the toxic effect of blend of some food colors on Swiss albino rats. A blend (1:1:1) of sunset yellow, metanil yellow and tartrazine showed additive effects on serological parameters which indicate that addition of these dye together in food stuff may give ...
Johansson Eva E Department of Plant Breeding, The Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, P.O. Box 101, Alnarp, SE 23053, Sweden. - - 2014
An increasing interest in organic agriculture for food production is seen throughout the world and one key reason for this interest is the assumption that organic food consumption is beneficial to public health. The present paper focuses on the background of organic agriculture, important public health related compounds from crop ...
Cheong Kok Whye KW Department of Food Technology, Faculty of Food Science and Technology, Universiti Putra Malaysia, 43400, Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia ; Department of Pharmaceutical Chemistry, School of Pharmacy, International Medical University, No. 126, Jalan Jalil Perkasa 19, Bukit Jalil, 57000 Kuala Lumpur, - - 2014
Perceptions of food products start when flavor compounds are released from foods, transported and appropriate senses in the oral and nose are triggered. However, the long-term stability of flavor compounds in food product has been a major concern in the food industry due to the complex interactions between key food ...
Neter Judith E JE Department of Health Sciences and the EMGO Institute for Health and Care Research, Faculty of Earth and Life Sciences, VU University Amsterdam, Amsterdam, The - - 2014
To determine the prevalence of (very) low food security among Dutch food bank recipients, and to identify potential demographic, lifestyle and nutrition-related factors associated with (very) low food security. 11 of 135 Dutch food banks were selected throughout the Netherlands. 251 Dutch food bank recipients participated in the study (93 ...
Josens Roxana R Grupo de Estudio de Insectos Sociales, IFIBYNE-CONICET, DBBE-Facultad de Ciencias Exactas y Naturales, Universidad de Buenos Aires Pabellón II, Ciudad Universitaria (C1428EHA), Buenos Aires, - - 2014
Ant control is difficult in systems even where a variety of control strategies and compounds are allowed; in sensitive places such as hospitals, where there are often restrictions on the methods and toxicants to be applied, the challenge is even greater. Here we report the methods and results of how ...
Becker Wolf-Meinhard WM Division of Clinical and Molecular Allergology, Research Center Borstel, Airway Research Center North (ARCN), German Center for Lung Research, Borstel, - - 2014
The earliest known evidence of peanut farming dates back 7,600 years. With a prevalence of roughly 1%, peanut allergy is a diagnostic and treatment challenge, but is also a very good model for studying all aspects of food allergy, including its molecular basis and pathomechanisms. Therefore, the very starting point ...
Baudier Kaitlin M KM Department of Biology Drexel University, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States of America; Department of Biodiversity, Earth and Environmental Science, Drexel University, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States of - - 2014
Insecticides have a variety of commercial applications including urban pest control, agricultural use to increase crop yields, and prevention of proliferation of insect-borne diseases. Many pesticides in current use are synthetic molecules such as organochlorine and organophosphate compounds. Some synthetic insecticides suffer drawbacks including high production costs, concern over environmental ...
Blanco-Padilla Adriana A Departamento de Investigación y Posgrado en Alimentos, Facultad de Química, Universidad Autónoma de Querétaro, Cerro de las Campanas s/n, Querétaro, QRO 76010, - - 2014
Natural food antimicrobials are bioactive compounds that inhibit the growth of microorganisms involved in food spoilage or food-borne illness. However, stability issues result in degradation and loss of antimicrobial activity. Nanoencapsulation allows protection of antimicrobial food agents from unfavorable environmental conditions and incompatibilities. Encapsulation of food antimicrobials control delivery increasing ...
Palmieri Beniamino B Surgical, Medical, Dental and Morphological Sciences Departments with interest in Transplants, Oncology and Regenerative Medicine. University of Modena and Reggio Emilia. Italy. Poliambulatorio del Secondo Parere. Modena. Italia.. - - 2014
Introduction: Antibiotics are largely employed in zootechnical feed to preserve human and animal species from zoonosis due pathogenic infective agents. Aim: Due to the increasing number of pathologies related to diet (e.g. food intolerances), we investigated the toxic effects induced by antibiotics residues, oxytetracyclines, present within the industrial food on ...
Tresserra-Rimbau Anna - - 2014
Polyphenols may lower the risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD) and other chronic diseases due to their antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties, as well as their beneficial effects on blood pressure, lipids and insulin resistance. However, no previous epidemiological studies have evaluated the relationship between the intake of total polyphenols intake and ...
Gilley David C DC Department of Biology, William Paterson University, Wayne, New Jersey, United States of - - 2014
Hydrocarbons emitted by waggle-dancing honey bees are known to reactivate experienced foragers to visit known food sources. This study investigates whether these hydrocarbons also increase waggle-dance recruitment by observing recruitment and dancing behavior when the dance compounds are introduced into the hive. If the hydrocarbons emitted by waggle-dancing bees affect ...
Kumar Peeyush P Applied Microbiology Laboratory, Centre for Rural Development & Technology, Indian Institute of Technology Delhi, New Delhi 110016, - - 2014
Housefly (Musca domestica L.), one of the most common insects in human settlements, has been associated as vectors for various food-borne pathogens, causing food spoilage and disease transmission. The control of housefly was attempted using plant monoterpenes; menthone, menthol, menthyl acetate, limonene, citral and 1,8-cineole, against different life stages of ...
Preece Kahn K Experimental & Translational Respiratory Medicine Group, University of Newcastle and Hunter Medical Research Institute, Newcastle, Australia; Paediatric Allergy & Immunology, Newcastle Children's Hospital, Newcastle, Australia; Discipline of Paediatrics & Child Health, School of Medicine and Public Health, University of Newcastle, - - 2013
Retrospective studies of childhood peanut allergy demonstrate serum IgE levels against the peanut allergen Ara h2 may help predict a clinical reaction at food challenge. Fraction of exhaled nitric oxide is a non-invasive tool correlating to allergic airways inflammation and has been independently associated with increased food specific IgE. To ...
García-González Diego L DL Instituto de la Grasa (CSIC), Padre García Tejero 4, 41012 Sevilla, Spain. Electronic address: - - 2014
The physicochemical phenomena that explain the sensing mechanisms of gas sensors have been extensively investigated. Nevertheless, it is arduous to interpret the sensor signals in a practical approach when they response to complex mixtures of compounds responsible for food aroma. Thus, the concomitant interactions between the volatiles and the sensor ...
Jorda-Beneyto M M a Packaging , Transport and Logistics Research Institute, C/Albert Einstein, 1 , Paterna , Valencia 46980 , - - 2013
In this work, two organomodified clays for food contact applications have been developed to produce hydrophobically modified montmorillonite, and hence to obtain better compatibility between the biopolymer and the filler (nanoclay). These nanofillers have been characterized by Fourier Transform InfraRed (FTIR) Spectroscopy, X-ray diffraction, and thermo-gravimetric analysis (TGA), in order ...
Price Paul - - 2013
Food contact materials can release low levels of multiple chemicals (migrants) into food and beverages, to which individuals can be exposed through food consumption. This paper investigates the potential for non-carcinogenic effects from exposure to multiple migrants using the Cefic Mixtures Ad hoc Team (MIAT) decision tree. The purpose of ...
Llana-Ruiz-Cabello María - - 2013
Essential oils used as additives in the food industry due to its flavour, antimicrobial and antioxidant properties. Therefore, human can be exposed orally to these compounds through the ingestion of foods. In this sense, the present work aims to assess toxicological effects of oregano essential oil on the digestive tract. ...
Višnjevec Ana Miklavčič AM Department of Environmental Sciences, "Jožef Stefan" Institute, Ljubljana, Slovenia; International postgraduate School Jožef Stefan, Ljubljana, - - 2013
The effects of human exposure to mercury (Hg) and its compounds in Europe have been the focus of numerous studies that differed in their design, including recruiting different population groups at different levels of exposure and by using different protocols and recruitment strategies. The objective of this work was to ...
Yang Yi-Xin - - 2013
Silica nanoparticles (NPs) have been widely used in food products as an additive; however, their toxicity and safety to the human body and the environment still remain unclear. As a food additive, silica NPs firstly enter the human gastrointestinal tract along with food, thus their gastrointestinal toxicity deserves thorough study. ...
Gelbke Heinz-Peter - - 2013
Residual styrene present in polystyrene food packaging may migrate into food at low levels. To assure safe use, safe exposure levels are derived for consumers potentially exposed via food using No/Low Adverse Effect Levels from animal and human studies and assessment factors proposed by European organisations (EFSA, ECHA, ECETOC). Ototoxicity ...
Lionti Krystelle - - 2013
Organoalkoxysilanes are precursors that are used increasingly in the synthesis of food contact coatings. To comply with the EU regulation, their potential toxicity must be assessed, and very little information is known. The genotoxicity of three common precursors was studied, namely, tetraethylorthosilicate (TEOS), methyltriethoxysilane (MTES) and 3-glycidyloxypropyltriethoxysilane (GPTES). By the ...
Shin Mee-Young MY Department of Food Science and Nutrition, Andong National University, Gyeongbuk 760-749, - - 2013
Yam (Dioscorea) has long been used as foods and folk medicine with the approved positive effects for health promotion. Although consumption of yam products is increasing for health promotion, reports for the metal contamination in commercial yam powder products to protect the consumers are lacking. In this study, we aimed ...
Ieromina Oleksandra - - 2013
Aquatic ecosystems are characterized by fluctuating conditions that have direct effects on aquatic communities, but also indirect influences such as changing the toxicity of chemicals. Since the effect of food quality on pesticide toxicity has rarely been studied, in the current experiment Daphnia magna juveniles supplied with four different food ...
Wang Botao B School of Life Science and Biopharmaceutics, Shenyang Pharmaceutical University, No. 103 Wenhua Road, ShenHe District, Shenyang 110016, PR China; State Key Laboratory of Mycology, Institute of Microbiology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, No. 8 Beiertiao, Zhongguancun, Haidian District, Beijing 100190, PR - - 2014
Cyathane diterpenes are important bioactive substances produced by some edible and medicinal fungi. Seven new cyathane type diterpenes, named as cyathins J-P (1-7), together with two known diterpenes (8 and 9), were isolated from the solid culture of the bird's nest fungus Cyathus gansuensis growing on cooked rice. The structures ...
Santos-Neto Elitieri B - - 2013
Organochlorine compounds are highly persistent in the environment, causing bioaccumulation and biomagnification through the marine food chain. To verify the bioaccumulation pattern of DDT and its metabolites, as well as PCBs, Mirex, HCHs and HCB, samples of subcutaneous adipose tissue from 25 Guiana dolphins (Sotalia guianensis), two Fraser's dolphins (Lagenodelphis ...
Fernández-González R - - 2013
Abstract Dioxins include polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins (PCDDs), polychlorinated dibenzofurans (PCDFs), and part of polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs). Only the compounds that are chlorinated at the 2,3,7 and 8 positions have characteristic dioxin toxicity. PCDDs, PCDFs and PCBs accumulate in the food chain due to their high lipophilicity, high stability, and low vapor ...
Shi Lei L College of Life Science, Qufu Normal University, Qufu 273165, China; Shanghai Institute of Materia Medica, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 555 Zu Chong Zhi Road, Shanghai 201203, China; Temasek Applied Science School, Temasek Polytechnic, 21 Tampines Avenue 1, 529757 Singapore, Singapore. Electronic address: - - 2014
To discover new immunomodulator in the food industry, a water-soluble polysaccharide, CTPB1 was obtained from roots of Cudrania tricuspidata (Carr.) Bur. The average molecular weight of this polysaccharide was estimated to be 4.0×10(4)Da. Monosaccharide composition analysis indicated that the only neutral sugar present in this polysaccharide was xylose. From methylation ...
Contini Claudia - - 2013
Overall migration (OM) tests were conducted on an antioxidant active packaging prepared by coating plasma pretreated and untreated polyethylene terepthalate (PET) trays with a citrus extract. The release of antioxidant compounds into food simulants was measured to permit their subtraction from OM values in line with active packaging legislation. The ...
Reeuwijk N M - - 2013
Herbal food supplements, claiming to enhance sexual potency, may contain deliberately added active pharmacological ingredients (APIs) that can be used for the treatment of erectile dysfunction (ED). The aim of this study was to determine whether herbal food supplements on the Dutch market indeed contain APIs that inhibit phosphodiesterase type ...
Rotches-Ribalta Maria - - 2013
The study of the bioavailability of active compounds in functional foods, such as polyphenol-rich beverages, is required before making nutritional claims. In this work, we aimed to study the urinary excretion of resveratrol, taking into consideration its gut and microbial metabolites after consumption of a functional beverage, applying a UPLC-MS/MS ...
Hurlburt Barry K - - 2013
SUMMARY The incidence of peanut allergy continues to rise in the US and Europe. Whereas exposure to the major allergens Ara h 1, 2, 3, and 6 can cause fatal anaphylaxis, exposure to the minor allergens usually does not. Ara h 8 is a minor allergen. Importantly, it is the ...
Campagna Céline - - 2013
Many commercial sanitizers and disinfectants have been used over the years to control microbial contamination but their efficacy on phages is often unknown. Here, 23 commercial chemical products, including 21 food-grade sanitizers were tested against virulent dairy phages. These food-grade chemicals included oxidizing agents, halogenated agents, alcohols, quaternary ammonium compounds, ...
Palermo Mariantonella - - 2013
Cooking induced many chemical and physical modifications in foods: among them also phytochemicals content can change. Many authors studied variations in vegetable nutrients after cooking, and great data variability was reported. In this review more than one-hundred articles from indexed scientific journals were considered in order to assess the effect ...
Di Sotto Antonella - - 2013
α -Hexylcinnamaldehyde (HCA) and p-tert-butyl-alpha-methylhydrocinnamic aldehyde (BMHCA) are synthetic aldehydes, characterized by a typical floral scent, which makes them suitable to be used as fragrances in personal care (perfumes, creams, shampoos, etc.) and household products, and as flavouring additives in food and pharmaceutical industry. The aldehydic structure suggests the need ...
Martínez-Yusta Andrea A Food Technology, Faculty of Pharmacy, Lascaray Research Center, University of the Basque Country (UPV-EHU), Paseo de la Universidad No. 7, 01006 Vitoria, - - 2014
Three series of fourteen deep-frying experiments on three foods of very different compositions were carried out using extra virgin olive oil as the original frying medium. The aim of the study was to establish how the nature of the food being fried influences the composition of the frying medium. The ...
Zhang Zijie Z State Key Laboratory of Chemical Resource Engineering, Beijing University of Chemical Technology, Beijing 100029, People's Republic of - - 2014
d-Limonene has been considered to be a safer alternative compared to synthetic antimicrobial food additives. However, its hydrophobic and oxidative nature has limited its application in foods. The purpose of this research was to study effects of nisin on the antimicrobial activity of d-limonene and its nanoemulsion and develop a ...
Martins Maria do Rosário - - 2013
Schinus molle L. has been used in folk medicine as antibacterial, antiviral, topical antiseptic, antifungal, antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, anti-tumoural as well as antispasmodic and analgesic; however, there are few studies of pharmacological and toxicological properties of S. molle essential oils. The aim of this study was to evaluate the antioxidant and ...
Guyon Francois - - 2013
New tools for the determination of characteristic parameters for food authentication are requested to prevent food adulteration from which health concerns, unfair competition could follow. A new coupling in the area of compound-specific carbon 13 isotope ratio (δ(13)C) analysis was developed to simultaneously quantify δ(13)C values of sugars and organic ...
Rintala Eeva-Maria EM Finnish Food Safety Authority Evira, Research and Laboratory Department, Chemistry and Toxicology Research Unit, Mustialankatu 3, 00790 Helsinki, Finland. Electronic address: - - 2014
We evaluated total and inorganic arsenic levels in long grain rice and rice based baby foods on Finnish market. Inorganic arsenic was analysed with an HPLC-ICP-MS system. The total arsenic concentration was determined with an ICP-MS method. In this study, the inorganic arsenic levels in long grain rice varied from ...
Kim Min-Gi - - 2013
The acaricidal effects of the active constituent isolated from Ostericum praeteritum oil and its derivatives were compared with that of benzyl benzoate using fumigant and contact toxicity bioassays against Tyrophagus putrescentiae mites. The active compound of O. praeteritum was isolated by various chromatographic techniques and was identified as 3-methylphenol (C7H8O). ...
Catteau Lucy - - 2013
The purpose of this research is to screen different processes, which could potentially decrease or even eliminate rotenone, a toxic isoflavonoid, from Pachyrhizus seeds. The yam bean seeds have very interesting nutritional characteristics, especially their high proteins and lipids contents, and could potentially increase food security in under-nourished populations. However, ...
Hamishehkar Hamed - - 2013
Abstract Synthetic phenolic food additives, such as propyl 3,4,5-trihydroxybenzoate (propyl galate; PG), have been used as an antioxidant in the food industry to prevent oils from spoiling. Their toxicity is one of the challengeable issues resulting from the widespread usage of them in food-related industrials. In this study, we investigated ...
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