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Claveau David - - 2014
ACTERO Listeria Enrichment Media (ACTERO Listeria) is a selective medium developed for a single-step recovery and enrichment of Listeria spp. from environmental samples. Robustness testing of the ACTERO Listeria medium demonstrated good performance when minor changes were introduced to the incubation temperature and time. All 54 Listeria strains tested, representing ...
Kim D W DW Molecular Epidemiology Branch, National Cancer Center, Goyang-si, Gyeonggi-do, Republic of - - 2014
Background:Controlling for day-to-day variation is a key issue in estimating long-term dietary exposure to heavy metals using 24-hour recall (24HR) data from a relatively small number of days.Objectives:This study was conducted to estimate long-term dietary exposure to lead, cadmium and mercury among Korean children using the Iowa State University (ISU) ...
Dewalque Lucas L Laboratory of Clinical, Forensic and Environmental Toxicology, University of Liege (ULg), CHU (B35), Liege 4000, Belgium; Center for Interdisciplinary Research on Medicines (C.I.R.M.), University of Liege (ULg), CHU (B35), Liege 4000, Belgium. Electronic address: - - 2014
The daily intakes (DI) were estimated in a Belgian general population for 5 phthalates, namely diethyl phthalate (DEP), di-n-butyl phthalate (DnBP), di-iso-butyl phthalate (DiBP), butylbenzyl phthalate (BBzP) and di-2-ethylhexyl phthalate (DEHP), based on the urinary measurements of their corresponding metabolites. DI values ranged between <LOD and 59.65μg/kg bw/day depending on ...
Quintaneiro C C CESAM and Departamento de Biologia, Universidade de Aveiro, Campus Universitário de Santiago, 3810-191, Aveiro, Portugal, - - 2014
The equilibrium of the structure and functioning of freshwater ecosystems is dependent of detritivores that link all the other functional groups. The preference for feeding leaves with different diameters (particle size) and leaves with metal contamination (several concentrations of the essential metals copper and zinc) were determined for two detritivores, ...
Llana-Ruiz-Cabello María M Area of Toxicology, Faculty of Pharmacy, Universidad de Sevilla, Professor García González n°2, 41012 Seville, - - 2015
Edible members of the Allium family are widely used since they exhibit antioxidant and antibacterial related to the organosulphur compounds. One the most promising use of Allium species, hence, onion essential oil, could be in the packaging food industry. The present work aims to assess the safety of two organosulphur ...
Ciarmiello Loredana Filomena - - 2014
Hazelnuts exhibit functional properties due to their content in fatty acids and phenolic compounds that could positively affect human health. Food industry requires precise traits for morphological, chemical and physical kernel features so that some cultivars could be more suitable for specific industrial processing. In this study, agronomical and morphological ...
Clostre Florence F Cirad/CAEC, UPR fonctionnement agroécologique et performances des systèmes de culture horticoles, B.P. 214 Petit Morne, Martinique, F-97232 Le Lamentin, France. Electronic address: - - 2014
Decades after their use and their ban, organochlorine pesticides still pollute soil, water and food and lead to human and ecosystem exposure. In the case of chlordecone, human exposure is mainly due to the consumption of polluted food. We studied the effect of preparation and cooking in five vegetable products, ...
Bolarinwa Islamiyat F - - 2014
Amygdalin is a member of the cyanogenic glycoside group of plant secondary metabolites capable of generating hydrogen cyanide under certain conditions. As a consequence, the cyanogenic glycosides have been associated with incidents of acute and sub-acute food poisoning. Specific antibodies were raised against an amygdalin-bovine serum albumin immunogen synthesised using ...
Ponzo Valentina - - 2014
Resveratrol is a polyphenolic compound found in several plants. In the last decades, the interest in this compound has enormously increased after benefits on metabolism and increased lifespan of various organisms have been reported with its supplementation. Several in-vitro and animal studies have observed that resveratrol can act on multiple ...
Mok Jong Soo JS Southeast Sea Fisheries Research Institute, National Fisheries Research and Development Institute, 361 Youngun-ri, Sanyang-up, Tongyoung 650-943, - - 2014
The concentrations of the heavy metals cadmium (Cd), mercury (Hg), lead (Pb), chromium, silver, nickel, copper, and zinc in the edible portions of 105 marine invertebrates representing 16 mollusk and crustacean species were accurately determined to evaluate their hazard for human consumption. The samples were collected in 2011 from major ...
Simmons Amber L AL Department of Medicine, Boston University Medical Center, 650 Albany St., Rm X810, Boston MA 02118, Tel.: 617-638-7088, Fax.: 617-638-7124, - - 2014
The "chemical obesogen" hypothesis conjectures that synthetic, environmental contaminants are contributing to the global epidemic of obesity. In fact, intentional food additives (e.g., artificial sweeteners and colors, emulsifiers) and unintentional compounds (e.g., bisphenol A, pesticides) are largely unstudied in regard to their effects on overall metabolic homeostasis. With that said, ...
Park Yeong-Chul YC GLP Center and Dept. of Medicinal Life Science, Catholic University of Daegu, Keongsan, - - 2014
Radix Astragali, the root of Astragalus (A.) membranaceus, has been applied in a variety of diseases for a long time in Asian countries such as Korea and China. In addition, the aerial parts such as leaves and stems of A. membranaceus have received a great deal of attention. Recently, the ...
Meitinger Michael M Deutsche Forschungsanstalt für Lebensmittelchemie, Lise-Meitner-Straße 34, D-85354 Freising, - - 2014
During thermal processing of foods, reducing carbohydrates and amino acids may form 1-amino-1-desoxyketoses named Amadori rearrangement products after the Italian chemist Mario Amadori. Although these compounds are transient intermediates of the Maillard reaction, they are often used as suitable markers to measure the extent of a thermal food processing, such ...
Fiume Monice M MM Cosmetic Ingredient Review Senior Scientific Analyst/Writer, Washington, DC, - - 2014
The CIR Expert Panel assessed the safety of 6 Cucumis sativus (cucumber)-derived ingredients and found them safe in cosmetic formulations in the present practices of use and concentration. These ingredients are reported to function in cosmetics as skin-conditioning agents. Cucumber is a commonly consumed food with no history of significant ...
Singh Anurag A Nestlé Research Center,Vers-chez-les-Blanc,CH-1000 Lausanne - - 2014
Polyphenols are naturally derived bioactive compounds with numerous reported health benefits. We have previously reported on the beneficial effect of a polyphenol-enriched apple extract in a murine model of food allergy. The objectives of the present study were to elucidate the class of bioactive polyphenols that exhibit a beneficial anti-allergic ...
Squadrone S S Istituto Zooprofilattico Sperimentale del Piemonte, Liguria e Valle D'Aosta, via Bologna 148, 10154 Torino, Italy. Electronic address: - - 2014
Extensive screening analyses of perfluorooctane sulfonate and related perfluorinated compounds (PFCs) in biota samples from all over the world have identified PFCs as global pollutants and have shown their bioaccumulation into higher trophic levels in the food chain. Perfluorooctanoic acid (PFOA) and perfluorooctane sulfonate (PFOS) are environmental contaminants belonging to ...
Tingirikari Jagan Mohan Rao JM Department of Biotechnology, Indian Institute of Technology Guwahati , Guwahati, Assam , - - 2014
Abstract Dextran produced from Weissella cibaria JAG8 was purified and characterized. The molecular mass of dextran as determined by the gel filtration and copper bicinchoninate method was approximately, 800 kDa. Monosaccharide analysis revealed that the polysaccharide comprised only glucose units. Dynamic light scattering study confirmed the mono-disperse nature of dextran with ...
Blanco-Díaz María Teresa MT Department of Postharvest Technology and Food Industry, IFAPA Center La Mojonera, Camino San Nicolás, 1, 04745 La Mojonera, Almería, - - 2014
The food industry and plant breeding programmes require fast, clean and low-cost screening techniques for nutritional compounds determination in food matrices. This is the first report on the study of the potential of near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) for the prediction of antioxidant compounds in summer squash tissues collected since 2009-2012. Modified ...
Nallagundla Sumalatha S Basic Science Research Center, KLE University, Belgaum, 590010, Karnataka, - - 2014
Acyclovir, indicated in the treatment of herpes labialis ("cold sores"), is formulated as semisolid topical dosage forms and marketed in numerous countries. Since the formulations of the various acyclovir products may differ from country to country, this study was undertaken to compare the in vitro release of acyclovir from various ...
Venhuis Bastiaan B National Institute for Public Health and the Environment - Center for Health Protection, Bilthoven, the - - 2014
Food supplements are regularly found to contain pharmacologically active substances. Recently, the food supplement Dexaprine was removed from the Dutch market because it was associated with severe adverse events. Reports to the Dutch Poisons Information Center (DPIC) showed that ingestion of as little as half a tablet caused several cases ...
Mosby Terezie Tolar TT Department of Clinical Nutrition, St. Jude Children's Research Hospital, 262 Danny Thomas Place, Memphis, TN, 38105-3678, USA, - - 2014
Nurses at a meeting of the Asociación de Hemato Oncología Pediátrica de Centroamérica y El Caribe recognized food safety as one of the main issues affecting patient care. The objective was to increase awareness of food safety issues among caregivers for pediatric cancer patients in Guatemala and El Salvador. A ...
Weaver Connie M CM Department of Nutrition Science, Purdue University, West Lafayette, IN - - 2014
Bioactive compounds in foods have been gaining interest, and processes to consider them for public health recommendations are being discussed. However, the evidence base is difficult to assemble. It is difficult to demonstrate causality, and there often is not a single compound-single effect relation. Furthermore, health benefits may be due ...
Kim Jongchul J School of Environmental Science and Engineering, Pohang University of Science and Technology (POSTECH), San 31, Hyoja-dong, Nam-gu, Pohang 790-784, Republic of - - 2014
A total of 175 samples, composed of 35 different foodstuffs, were obtained from retail markets in Korea and analyzed to investigate the contamination status and dietary intake of Dechlorane compounds. The concentrations of Dechlorane Plus (DP), mirex, Dechlorane (Dec) 602 and 603 ranged from ND to 169.85pg/g wet weight (ww), ...
Thao Nguyen Phuong - - 2014
Sea cucumbers have been used as a dietary delicacy and important ingredient in Asian traditional medicine and functional foods over many centuries. Using combined chromatographic methods, six triterpene saponins (1-6), including a new compound, stichloroside F (1), were isolated from a methanol extract of the sea cucumber Stichopus chloronotus Brandt. ...
Sultana Fouzia F Department of Microbiology, Primeasia University, Banani, Dhaka-1213, Bangladesh ; Department of Microbiology, Institute of Public Health (IPH), Dhaka-1212, - - 2014
To investigate the bacterial load and antibiotic resistance pattern of bacterial isolates obtained from (ready to cook) frozen food samples of animal origin in Dhaka, Bangladesh. A total of 20 samples of frozen ready to cook food of animal origin were purchased from different separate grocery stores in Dhaka, Bangladesh. ...
Elayaraja Sivaramasamy S Key Laboratory of Experimental Marine Biology, Institute of Oceanology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Qingdao 266071, - - 2014
To study the production, purification and characterization of bacteriocin from Lactobacillus murinus AU06 isolated from marine sediments and its broad spectrum of inhibition against fish pathogens. The selected strain was used in production, purification and characterized of bacteriocin. In addition, purified bacteriocin was tested for its antimicrobial activity against fish ...
Charania Nadia A NA Environment and Resource Studies, University of Waterloo, Waterloo, ON, - - 2014
Cadmium (Cd), a nonessential toxic metal present in the environment, accumulates in the organs of herbivorous mammals which typically are consumed by Aboriginal populations. The relative contribution of this potential exposure source to concentrations of blood Cd was investigated in 1429 participants (age >7 years) residing in the nine Cree ...
Pękalski Andrzej A Insitute of Theoretical Physics, University of Wrocław, pl. M. Borna 9, 50-254 Wrocław, - - 2014
One of the central themes in modern ecology is the enduring debate on whether there is a relationship between the complexity of a biological community and its stability. In this paper, we focus on the role of detritus and spatial dispersion on the stability of ecosystems. Using Monte Carlo simulations ...
Yan Xi-Tao XT College of Pharmacy, Chungnam National University, Daejeon, 305-764, Republic of - - 2014
The fruits of Prunus mume are a common commercial product and a valuable source of food and medicinal material in Eastern Asian countries. Our phytochemical investigation of the P. mume fruit led to the isolation of nine terpenes, including three ursane-type triterpenes (1-3), two cycloartane-type triterpenes (4 and 5), and ...
Jia Qi Q Department of Food Science and Engineering, School of Chemical Engineering, Northwest University, Xi'an 710069, - - 2014
There is increasing concern that the presence of antibiotics such as nitrofurans in animal-derived food products is harmful to human. This study originally assessed the effects of different honey processing steps on the stabilities of four nitrofuran metabolites (3-amino-2-oxazolidone, 1-aminohydantonin, semicarbazide and 3-amino-5-morpholinomethyl-2-oxazolidone). Macroporous adsorption resins (MARs) were evaluated for ...
Vyry Wouatsa N A NA CSIR-Central Inst. of Medicinal and Aromatic Plants, Lucknow, 226015, India; Babasaheb Bhimrao Ambedkar Univ, Lucknow, 226025, - - 2014
The essential oils of 2 Cameroonian spices, namely, Xylopia aethiopica and Ocimum canum, were chemically investigated and screened for their antibacterial activity. The essential oils were analyzed by means of GC, GC/MS, and NMR. X. aethiopica oil contained myrtenol (12%), a monoterpenoid in highest concentration. The essential oil of O. ...
Quirós-Sauceda A E AE Centro de Investigación en Alimentación y Desarrollo, AC (CIAD, AC), Carretera a la Victoria Km 0.6, La Victoria, Hermosillo, Sonora 83000, Mexico. - - 2014
Dietary fiber and phenolic compounds are two recognized dietary factors responsible for potential effects on human health; therefore, they have been widely used to increase functionality of some foods. This paper focuses on showing the use of both substances as functional ingredients for enriching foods, and at the same time, ...
Mari Angela A Dipartimento di Farmacia, Università degli Studi di Salerno, via Giovanni Paolo II n. 132, 84084 Fisciano, SA, - - 2014
Helichrysum italicum is widely used in traditional medicine, in cosmetic, in food and pharmaceutical field. In spite of this, very little is known about the chemical composition of its polar extracts. Therefore this study was addressed to the determination of the metabolite profile of the methanol extract of H. italicum ...
Ramírez-Jiménez A K AK Posgrado en Ciencia y Tecnología de los Alimentos, Research and Graduate Studies in Food Science, School of Chemistry, Universidad Autonoma de Queretaro, Centro Universitario, Santiago de Queretaro C.P. 76010, Qro, - - 2014
The effect of cooking followed by dehydration was evaluated on the bioactive composition, antioxidant activity and technological properties of two varieties (Negro 8025 and Bayo Madero) of common beans. Quercetin, rutin, and phenolic acids were the most abundant phenolics found. Cooking processes resulted in decreased values of some phenolic compounds ...
Gowder Sivakumar J T SJ Qassim University, College of Applied Medical Sciences, P.Box-6800, Buraidah -51452, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. - - 2014
Bisphenol A (BPA), the highest volume chemical produced in the whole world, is widely used in the production of polycarbonate plastics and epoxy resins. Polycarbonate plastics are in use, especially in the manufacture of consumer products. The exposure of BPA to humans occurs through food contamination from polycarbonate bottles and ...
Zimmerman Frederick J - - 2014
Advertising has been implicated in the declining quality of the American diet, but much of the research has been conducted with children rather than adults. This study tested the effects of televised food advertising on adult food choice. Participants (N = 351) were randomized into one of 4 experimental conditions: ...
Giarratana F F Department of Veterinary Science, University of Messina, Polo Universitario della Annunziata, 98168 Messina, Italy. Electronic address: - - 2014
Anisakiasis is an important food-borne disease especially in countries with high fish consumption. The increase of cases of human disease and the virtual absence of effective treatments have prompted the research on new active compounds against Anisakis larvae. As well known, the disease is related to the consumption of raw ...
Ginsburg B C BC The University of Texas Health Science Center at San Antonio, Departments of Psychiatry and Pharmacology, 7703 Floyd Curl Dr. , San Antonio, TX - - 2014
Drugs that more potently or effectively reduce ethanol-maintained behavior versus an alternative are considered selective and are considered promising pharmacotherapies for alcoholism. Such results are often obtained using separate groups or multiple schedules where ethanol and the alternative are available alone or sequentially. Recently, we observed that when ethanol and ...
Kim Jina J a Research Center for Cell Fate Control, College of Pharmacy , Sookmyung Women's University , Seoul , Republic of - - 2014
Based on exposure frequency and intrinsic toxicity, lead (Pb) ranks one of the highest priority toxic materials. Continuous regulation of environmental Pb exposure has contributed to dramatically diminished exposure levels of Pb, for example, blood level of Pb. However, the safety level of Pb is not established, as low-level exposure ...
Bayona Yannick Y INRA, UMR985 Écologie et Santé des Écosystèmes, Équipe Écotoxicologie et Qualité des Milieux Aquatiques, Agrocampus Ouest, 65 rue de Saint Brieuc, F-35042 Rennes, France; Service Environnement, TOTAL SA, Pôle d'Etude et de Recherche de Lacq RN 117, BP 47, F-64170 Lacq, - - 2014
Descriptors of trophic niche and of food web structure and function have been suggested as integrative and sensitive endpoints of toxicant effects. In the present study, carbon and nitrogen stable isotope signatures were used to assess the effects of the dithiocarbamate fungicide thiram (35 and 170μg/L nominal concentrations) and of ...
Rahman Md Mahfujur MM Nanotechnology and Catalysis Research Centre, Universiti Malaya, Kuala Lumpur 50603, - - 2014
A polymerase chain reaction (PCR) assay for the assessment of dog meat adulteration in meatballs was developed. The assay selectively amplified a 100-bp region of canine mitochondrial cytochrome b gene from pure, raw, processed and mixed backgrounds. The specificity of the assay was tested against 11 animals and 3 plants ...
Simon Olivier O Laboratoire de Biogéochimie, Biodisponibilité et Transferts des radionucléides, Institut de Radioprotection et de Sûreté Nucléaire, Saint Paul Lez Durance, - - 2014
Although reproduction in fish is known to be sensitive to metal exposure, few ecotoxicological studies have focused on the toxicological effects of metals. Because uranium (U) is naturally present in aquatic ecosystems (0.6-2 mg/L), freshwater organisms are subjected to chronic U exposure. Although new standardized assays are currently being developed to ...
Schwarz Markus M a FoBiG , Forschungs- und Beratungsinstitut Gefahrstoffe GmbH , Freiburg , - - 2014
Cadmium Sis a very toxic contaminant with food being the major source of exposure for the general public. The second German food consumption survey (Nationale Verzehrsstudie II, NVS II) with about 20,000 participants (15371 for dietary history interviews used for this study) allowed for an updated exposure assessment for the ...
Kaushik Rajni R Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, National University of Singapore, 1 Engineering Drive 2, Singapore 117576, Republic of - - 2014
Food waste was subjected to enzymatic hydrolysis prior to hydrothermal treatment to produce hydrochars and bio-oil. Pre-treatment of food waste with an enzyme ratio of 1:2:1 (carbohydrase:protease:lipase) proved to be effective in converting food waste to the two products with improved yields. The carbon contents and calorific values ranged from ...
Al Shukor Nadin N Department of Crop Protection, Faculty of Bioscience Engineering, Ghent University, Ghent, Belgium; Department of Food Safety and Food Quality, Faculty of Bioscience Engineering, Ghent University, Ghent, Belgium; Department of Industrial Biological Sciences, Faculty of Bioscience Engineering, Ghent University - Campus Kortrijk, Kortrijk, - - 2014
Previous animal experiments demonstrated that phenolic compounds can reduce weight and food intake, but the exact mechanism(s) behind these effects remain unknown. For regulation of food intake, the cholecystokinin (CCK) hormone signaling pathway plays an important role as it induces satiety by binding on its specific receptor (CCK1R), hereby reducing ...
Lachenmeier Dirk W DW Chemisches und Veterinäruntersuchungsamt (CVUA) Karlsruhe, Weissenburger Strasse 3, 76187 Karlsruhe, Germany; Ministry of Rural Affairs and Consumer Protection, Kernerplatz 10, 70182 Stuttgart, Germany. Electronic address: - - 2014
The use of tobacco leaves as a food ingredient has been controversially discussed, and alcoholic beverages containing distillates from fermented tobacco leaves can be found as niche products. Currently there is an absence of knowledge regarding the composition and toxicity of these products. One liqueur sample based on distilled Louisiana ...
Viegas Olga - - 2014
The effect of marinating meat with Pilsner beer, non-alcoholic Pilsner beer and Black beer (coded, respectively as PB, P0B and BB) on the formation of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) in charcoal grilled pork was evaluated and compared with formation of these compounds in unmarinated meat. Antiradical activity of marinades (DPPH ...
Poma Giulia G CNR-IRSA, Water Research Institute, Via del Mulino 19, 20861 Brugherio, MB, Italy. Electronic address: - - 2014
Following the release of the international regulations on PBDEs and HBCD, the aim of this study is to evaluate the concentrations of novel brominated flame retardants (NBFRs), including 1,2-bis(2,4,6-tribromophenoxy) ethane (BTBPE), decabromodiphenyl ethane (DBDPE), hexabromobenzene (HBB), and pentabromoethylbenzene (PBEB), in an Italian subalpine lake located in a populated and industrial ...
Munch Ryan R Dept. of Food Science and Technology, The Ohio State Univ, 2015 Fyffe Rd, Columbus, OH, 43210, - - 2014
The ability of foods and beverages to reduce allyl methyl disulfide, diallyl disulfide, allyl mercaptan, and allyl methyl sulfide on human breath after consumption of raw garlic was examined. The treatments were consumed immediately following raw garlic consumption for breath measurements, or were blended with garlic prior to headspace measurements. ...
Abbaszadeh S S Baqiyatallah university of medical sciences, Tehran, - - 2014
This work is an attempt to examine the antifungal activity of thymol, carvacrol, eugenol and menthol against 11 food-decaying fungi. The susceptibility test for the compounds was carried out in terms of minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) and minimum fungicidal concentration (MFC) using microdilution method in 96 multi-well microtiter plates. Results indicated that ...
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