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Thao Nguyen Phuong - - 2014
Sea cucumbers have been used as a dietary delicacy and important ingredient in Asian traditional medicine and functional foods over many centuries. Using combined chromatographic methods, six triterpene saponins (1-6), including a new compound, stichloroside F (1), were isolated from a methanol extract of the sea cucumber Stichopus chloronotus Brandt. ...
Sultana Fouzia F Department of Microbiology, Primeasia University, Banani, Dhaka-1213, Bangladesh ; Department of Microbiology, Institute of Public Health (IPH), Dhaka-1212, - - 2014
To investigate the bacterial load and antibiotic resistance pattern of bacterial isolates obtained from (ready to cook) frozen food samples of animal origin in Dhaka, Bangladesh. A total of 20 samples of frozen ready to cook food of animal origin were purchased from different separate grocery stores in Dhaka, Bangladesh. ...
Elayaraja Sivaramasamy S Key Laboratory of Experimental Marine Biology, Institute of Oceanology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Qingdao 266071, - - 2014
To study the production, purification and characterization of bacteriocin from Lactobacillus murinus AU06 isolated from marine sediments and its broad spectrum of inhibition against fish pathogens. The selected strain was used in production, purification and characterized of bacteriocin. In addition, purified bacteriocin was tested for its antimicrobial activity against fish ...
Charania Nadia A NA Environment and Resource Studies, University of Waterloo, Waterloo, ON, - - 2014
Cadmium (Cd), a nonessential toxic metal present in the environment, accumulates in the organs of herbivorous mammals which typically are consumed by Aboriginal populations. The relative contribution of this potential exposure source to concentrations of blood Cd was investigated in 1429 participants (age >7 years) residing in the nine Cree ...
Yan Xi-Tao XT College of Pharmacy, Chungnam National University, Daejeon, 305-764, Republic of - - 2014
The fruits of Prunus mume are a common commercial product and a valuable source of food and medicinal material in Eastern Asian countries. Our phytochemical investigation of the P. mume fruit led to the isolation of nine terpenes, including three ursane-type triterpenes (1-3), two cycloartane-type triterpenes (4 and 5), and ...
Jia Qi Q Department of Food Science and Engineering, School of Chemical Engineering, Northwest University, Xi'an 710069, - - 2014
There is increasing concern that the presence of antibiotics such as nitrofurans in animal-derived food products is harmful to human. This study originally assessed the effects of different honey processing steps on the stabilities of four nitrofuran metabolites (3-amino-2-oxazolidone, 1-aminohydantonin, semicarbazide and 3-amino-5-morpholinomethyl-2-oxazolidone). Macroporous adsorption resins (MARs) were evaluated for ...
Vyry Wouatsa N A NA CSIR-Central Inst. of Medicinal and Aromatic Plants, Lucknow, 226015, India; Babasaheb Bhimrao Ambedkar Univ, Lucknow, 226025, - - 2014
The essential oils of 2 Cameroonian spices, namely, Xylopia aethiopica and Ocimum canum, were chemically investigated and screened for their antibacterial activity. The essential oils were analyzed by means of GC, GC/MS, and NMR. X. aethiopica oil contained myrtenol (12%), a monoterpenoid in highest concentration. The essential oil of O. ...
Quirós-Sauceda A E AE Centro de Investigación en Alimentación y Desarrollo, AC (CIAD, AC), Carretera a la Victoria Km 0.6, La Victoria, Hermosillo, Sonora 83000, Mexico. - - 2014
Dietary fiber and phenolic compounds are two recognized dietary factors responsible for potential effects on human health; therefore, they have been widely used to increase functionality of some foods. This paper focuses on showing the use of both substances as functional ingredients for enriching foods, and at the same time, ...
Mari Angela A Dipartimento di Farmacia, Università degli Studi di Salerno, via Giovanni Paolo II n. 132, 84084 Fisciano, SA, - - 2014
Helichrysum italicum is widely used in traditional medicine, in cosmetic, in food and pharmaceutical field. In spite of this, very little is known about the chemical composition of its polar extracts. Therefore this study was addressed to the determination of the metabolite profile of the methanol extract of H. italicum ...
Ramírez-Jiménez A K AK Posgrado en Ciencia y Tecnología de los Alimentos, Research and Graduate Studies in Food Science, School of Chemistry, Universidad Autonoma de Queretaro, Centro Universitario, Santiago de Queretaro C.P. 76010, Qro, - - 2014
The effect of cooking followed by dehydration was evaluated on the bioactive composition, antioxidant activity and technological properties of two varieties (Negro 8025 and Bayo Madero) of common beans. Quercetin, rutin, and phenolic acids were the most abundant phenolics found. Cooking processes resulted in decreased values of some phenolic compounds ...
Gowder Sivakumar J T SJ Qassim University, College of Applied Medical Sciences, P.Box-6800, Buraidah -51452, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. - - 2014
Bisphenol A (BPA), the highest volume chemical produced in the whole world, is widely used in the production of polycarbonate plastics and epoxy resins. Polycarbonate plastics are in use, especially in the manufacture of consumer products. The exposure of BPA to humans occurs through food contamination from polycarbonate bottles and ...
Zimmerman Frederick J - - 2014
Advertising has been implicated in the declining quality of the American diet, but much of the research has been conducted with children rather than adults. This study tested the effects of televised food advertising on adult food choice. Participants (N = 351) were randomized into one of 4 experimental conditions: ...
Giarratana F F Department of Veterinary Science, University of Messina, Polo Universitario della Annunziata, 98168 Messina, Italy. Electronic address: - - 2014
Anisakiasis is an important food-borne disease especially in countries with high fish consumption. The increase of cases of human disease and the virtual absence of effective treatments have prompted the research on new active compounds against Anisakis larvae. As well known, the disease is related to the consumption of raw ...
Ginsburg B C BC The University of Texas Health Science Center at San Antonio, Departments of Psychiatry and Pharmacology, 7703 Floyd Curl Dr. , San Antonio, TX - - 2014
Drugs that more potently or effectively reduce ethanol-maintained behavior versus an alternative are considered selective and are considered promising pharmacotherapies for alcoholism. Such results are often obtained using separate groups or multiple schedules where ethanol and the alternative are available alone or sequentially. Recently, we observed that when ethanol and ...
Kim Jina J a Research Center for Cell Fate Control, College of Pharmacy , Sookmyung Women's University , Seoul , Republic of - - 2014
Based on exposure frequency and intrinsic toxicity, lead (Pb) ranks one of the highest priority toxic materials. Continuous regulation of environmental Pb exposure has contributed to dramatically diminished exposure levels of Pb, for example, blood level of Pb. However, the safety level of Pb is not established, as low-level exposure ...
Bayona Yannick Y INRA, UMR985 Écologie et Santé des Écosystèmes, Équipe Écotoxicologie et Qualité des Milieux Aquatiques, Agrocampus Ouest, 65 rue de Saint Brieuc, F-35042 Rennes, France; Service Environnement, TOTAL SA, Pôle d'Etude et de Recherche de Lacq RN 117, BP 47, F-64170 Lacq, - - 2014
Descriptors of trophic niche and of food web structure and function have been suggested as integrative and sensitive endpoints of toxicant effects. In the present study, carbon and nitrogen stable isotope signatures were used to assess the effects of the dithiocarbamate fungicide thiram (35 and 170μg/L nominal concentrations) and of ...
Rahman Md Mahfujur MM Nanotechnology and Catalysis Research Centre, Universiti Malaya, Kuala Lumpur 50603, - - 2014
A polymerase chain reaction (PCR) assay for the assessment of dog meat adulteration in meatballs was developed. The assay selectively amplified a 100-bp region of canine mitochondrial cytochrome b gene from pure, raw, processed and mixed backgrounds. The specificity of the assay was tested against 11 animals and 3 plants ...
Simon Olivier O Laboratoire de Biogéochimie, Biodisponibilité et Transferts des radionucléides, Institut de Radioprotection et de Sûreté Nucléaire, Saint Paul Lez Durance, - - 2014
Although reproduction in fish is known to be sensitive to metal exposure, few ecotoxicological studies have focused on the toxicological effects of metals. Because uranium (U) is naturally present in aquatic ecosystems (0.6-2 mg/L), freshwater organisms are subjected to chronic U exposure. Although new standardized assays are currently being developed to ...
Schwarz Markus M a FoBiG , Forschungs- und Beratungsinstitut Gefahrstoffe GmbH , Freiburg , - - 2014
Cadmium Sis a very toxic contaminant with food being the major source of exposure for the general public. The second German food consumption survey (Nationale Verzehrsstudie II, NVS II) with about 20,000 participants (15371 for dietary history interviews used for this study) allowed for an updated exposure assessment for the ...
Kaushik Rajni R Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, National University of Singapore, 1 Engineering Drive 2, Singapore 117576, Republic of - - 2014
Food waste was subjected to enzymatic hydrolysis prior to hydrothermal treatment to produce hydrochars and bio-oil. Pre-treatment of food waste with an enzyme ratio of 1:2:1 (carbohydrase:protease:lipase) proved to be effective in converting food waste to the two products with improved yields. The carbon contents and calorific values ranged from ...
Al Shukor Nadin N Department of Crop Protection, Faculty of Bioscience Engineering, Ghent University, Ghent, Belgium; Department of Food Safety and Food Quality, Faculty of Bioscience Engineering, Ghent University, Ghent, Belgium; Department of Industrial Biological Sciences, Faculty of Bioscience Engineering, Ghent University - Campus Kortrijk, Kortrijk, - - 2014
Previous animal experiments demonstrated that phenolic compounds can reduce weight and food intake, but the exact mechanism(s) behind these effects remain unknown. For regulation of food intake, the cholecystokinin (CCK) hormone signaling pathway plays an important role as it induces satiety by binding on its specific receptor (CCK1R), hereby reducing ...
Lachenmeier Dirk W DW Chemisches und Veterinäruntersuchungsamt (CVUA) Karlsruhe, Weissenburger Strasse 3, 76187 Karlsruhe, Germany; Ministry of Rural Affairs and Consumer Protection, Kernerplatz 10, 70182 Stuttgart, Germany. Electronic address: - - 2014
The use of tobacco leaves as a food ingredient has been controversially discussed, and alcoholic beverages containing distillates from fermented tobacco leaves can be found as niche products. Currently there is an absence of knowledge regarding the composition and toxicity of these products. One liqueur sample based on distilled Louisiana ...
Viegas Olga - - 2014
The effect of marinating meat with Pilsner beer, non-alcoholic Pilsner beer and Black beer (coded, respectively as PB, P0B and BB) on the formation of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) in charcoal grilled pork was evaluated and compared with formation of these compounds in unmarinated meat. Antiradical activity of marinades (DPPH ...
Poma Giulia G CNR-IRSA, Water Research Institute, Via del Mulino 19, 20861 Brugherio, MB, Italy. Electronic address: - - 2014
Following the release of the international regulations on PBDEs and HBCD, the aim of this study is to evaluate the concentrations of novel brominated flame retardants (NBFRs), including 1,2-bis(2,4,6-tribromophenoxy) ethane (BTBPE), decabromodiphenyl ethane (DBDPE), hexabromobenzene (HBB), and pentabromoethylbenzene (PBEB), in an Italian subalpine lake located in a populated and industrial ...
Munch Ryan R Dept. of Food Science and Technology, The Ohio State Univ, 2015 Fyffe Rd, Columbus, OH, 43210, - - 2014
The ability of foods and beverages to reduce allyl methyl disulfide, diallyl disulfide, allyl mercaptan, and allyl methyl sulfide on human breath after consumption of raw garlic was examined. The treatments were consumed immediately following raw garlic consumption for breath measurements, or were blended with garlic prior to headspace measurements. ...
Abbaszadeh S S Baqiyatallah university of medical sciences, Tehran, - - 2014
This work is an attempt to examine the antifungal activity of thymol, carvacrol, eugenol and menthol against 11 food-decaying fungi. The susceptibility test for the compounds was carried out in terms of minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) and minimum fungicidal concentration (MFC) using microdilution method in 96 multi-well microtiter plates. Results indicated that ...
Jiang Chengkun C School of Biological & Food Engineering, Dalian Polytechnic University, Dalian 116034, China; Division of Biotechnology, Dalian Institute of Chemical Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Dalian 116023, - - 2014
The presence of the carbon dots (C-dots) in food is a hotly debated topic and our knowledge about the presence and the use of carbon dots (C-dots) in food is still in its infancy. We report the finding of the presence of photoluminescent (PL) C-dots in commercial Nescafe instant coffee. ...
Athinarayanan Jegan J Nanobiotechnology and Molecular Biology Research Lab, Department of Food Science and Nutrition, College of Food Science and Agriculture, King Saud University, P.O. Box 2460, Riyadh, 11451, Kingdom of Saudi - - 2014
Silica (E551) is commonly used as an anti-caking agent in food products. The morphology and the dimension of the added silica particles are not, however, usually stated on the food product label. The food industry has adapted nanotechnology using engineered nanoparticles to improve the quality of their products. However, there ...
Maisanaba Sara S Area of Toxicology, Faculty of Pharmacy, Universidad de Sevilla, Profesor García González n° 2, 41012 Seville. - - 2014
Clays are used in the food packaging industry to obtain nanocomposites. The use of these new materials is a concern, because they could reach consumers by oral exposure through possible migration, and potential toxic effects could be derived. In the present study, several in vitro basal cytotoxicity and mutagenicity tests ...
Rivière G G French Agency for Food, Environmental and Occupational Health & Safety, 27-31 Avenue du général Leclerc, F-94701 Maisons-Alfort Cedex, France. Electronic address: - - 2014
To determine the exposure of the French population to toxic compounds contaminating the food chain, a total diet study was performed in France between 2007 and 2009. This study was designed to reflect the consumption habits of the French population and covered the most important foods in terms of consumption, ...
Takeshima Kazuhito K Pharma Foods International Co., Ltd., 1-49 Goryo-Ohara, Nishikyo-ku, Kyoto 615-8605, Japan. Electronic address: - - 2014
γ-aminobutyric acid (GABA) is an amino acid compound contained in vegetables such as tomatoes and also widely distributed in mammals. GABA acts as an inhibitory neurotransmitter and promotes parasympathetic activity to provide several beneficial effects, for instance, relaxation, anti-stress, and insomnia. GABA, produced via a fermentation process, has been available ...
Park So Young - - 2014
We have developed a simple approach for the large-scale synthesis of water-soluble green carbon nanodots (G-dots) from many kinds of large food waste-derived sources. About 120 g of G-dots per 100 kg of food waste can be synthesized using our simple and environmentally friendly synthesis approach. The G-dots exhibit a ...
Taxvig Camilla C Division of Toxicology and Risk Assessment, National Food Institute, Technical University of Denmark, Søborg, - - 2014
Fluorochemicals are a diverse group of synthetically produced compounds with the unique ability to repel water as well as oil. This property makes them ideal for multiple purposes in a variety of consumer and industrial products. Fluorochemicals have been detected in the environment, as well as in human blood, urine ...
Kim Hyung Joo HJ a Advanced Analysis Team, Toxicological Evaluation and Research Department, National Institute of Food and Drug Safety Evaluation , Ministry of Food and Drug Safety , Osong Health Technology Administration Complex, Cheongwon-gun , Chungcheongbuk-do , - - 2014
Because of the rapid growth in dietary supplement availability and public concern for weight control, the investigation of foods and various dietary supplements illegally adulterated with weight-loss compounds has become increasingly important. A total of 29 weight-loss compounds, including sennoside, sibutramine, ephedrine, and their analogues, found to be adulterated in ...
Larson Jonathan L JL Department of Entomology, University of Kentucky, S-225 Agriculture Science Bldg. North, Lexington, KY, 40546-0091, - - 2014
Many turf managers prefer to control foliage- and root-feeding pests with the same application, so-called multiple-targeting, using a single broad-spectrum insecticide or a premix product containing two or more active ingredients. We compared the impact of a neonicotinoid (clothianidin), a premix (clothianidin + bifenthrin), and an anthranilic diamide (chlorantraniliprole), the main insecticide ...
Wu Xiaoli X College of Basic Medicine, Jiangxi University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Nanchang 330000, P. R. - - 2014
To evaluate the cytotoxicity of high-purity rebaudioside A (reb A, 99.16%) as a food ingredient, a combination of several methods, including tetrazolium-based colorimetric assay (MTT), lactate dehydrogenase assay (LDH), enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA), real-time PCR (qPCR), high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC), and two-dimensional electrophoresis (2-DE) were used to test the cytotoxicity ...
Jacob James N - - 2014
Turmeric and fish oil have been gaining interest as food supplements because of their beneficial properties. Turmeric oil contains sesquiterpenes and fish oil has eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA), possessing anti-inflammatory activity. The present study is to evaluate and compare the anti-inflammatory and analgesic properties of these two ...
Mendes Natacha N Max-Planck-Institute for Human Cognitive and Brain Sciences, Max Planck Research Group Neuroanatomy and Connectivity, Leipzig, Germany; Centre for Research in Anthropology, Avenida das Forças Armadas, Ed. ISCTE-IUL, Lisbon, - - 2014
Remembering the location of fruiting trees for extended periods of time has been hypothesized to play a major role in the evolution of primate cognition. Such ability would be especially useful when paired with a fast learning mechanism capable of consolidating long-term memory after minimal exposure. We investigated whether chimpanzees ...
Desroches Tamara C TC Ottawa Carleton Institute of Chemistry, Carleton University, 1125 Colonel By Drive, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada, K1S - - 2014
Wallemia sebi has been primarily known as a spoilage fungus of dried, salted fish and other foods that that are salty or sweet. However, this fungus is also very common in house dust. The health effects of chronic exposure to mold and dampness are known to be associated with both ...
Rigby Mark C MC Parsons, 10235 South Jordan Gateway, Suite 300, South Jordan, Utah 84095, USA. - - 2014
The US Environmental Protection Agency and several U.S. states and Canadian provinces are currently developing national water quality criteria for selenium that are based in part on toxicity tests performed by feeding freshwater fish a selenomethionine-spiked diet. Using only selenomethionine to examine the toxicity of selenium is based in part ...
Vromman V V a Staff Direction for Risk assessment, Administration of Control Policy , Federal Agency for the Safety of the Food Chain , Brussels , - - 2014
This paper focuses on the risks of environmental carcinogenic and/or genotoxic contaminants in food. It describes, for each contaminant studied, the carcinogenicity and genotoxicity, the toxicological reference values, the exposure and the risk characterization. The compounds studied were classified into 3 categories based on a risk assessment. Effects others than ...
Loaëc Grégory G a EGEAL unit , Institut Polytechnique LaSalle Beauvais , 19 rue Pierre Waguet 60026 Beauvais , - - 2014
Sensitive analytical methods were developed and validated for the quantification of acrylamide, N(ε)-carboxymethyl-lysine (CML) and 5-hydroxymethylfurfural (HMF) in 24 commercial coffee substitutes (CSs) and 12 instant coffees (ICs). Acrylamide levels varied widely from 200 to 4940 µg/kg with higher levels in CSs. Only 2 out of 24 CSs had a level ...
Ryu Eun Hye EH Department of Food and Nutrition, Kimchi Research Center, Chosun University, Seoseok-dong, Dong-gu, Gwangju 501-759, Republic of - - 2014
Strain HD1 with antifungal activity was isolated from kimchi and identified as Lactobacillus plantarum. Antifungal compounds from Lb. plantarum HD1 were active against food- and feed-borne filamentous fungi and yeasts in a spot-on-the-lawn assay. Antifungal activity of Lb. plantarum HD1 was stronger against filamentous fungi than yeast. Antifungal compounds were ...
Fry Brian B Department of Oceanography and Coastal Sciences, Louisiana State University, Baton Rouge, LA 70803, USA; Australian Rivers Institute, Griffith University, 170 Kessels Road, Nathan, Brisbane, Queensland 4111, Australia. Electronic address: - - 2014
Natural abundance carbon isotope analyses are sensitive tracers for fates and use of oil in aquatic environments. Use of oil carbon in estuarine food webs should lead to isotope values approaching those of oil itself, -27‰ for stable carbon isotopes reflecting oil origins and -1000‰ for carbon-14 reflecting oil age. ...
Zaupa Maria - - 2014
Durum wheat aleurone, thanks to its nutrient-rich composition, might be of potential use as a functional ingredient in cereal-based foods provided nutrients can be made available for absorption. We evaluated the in vitro bioaccessibility of thiamine, niacin and phenolic acids in different aleurone fractions obtained with an industrial processing aimed ...
Tresserra-Rimbau A A Department of Nutrition and Food Science, XaRTA, INSA, Pharmacy School, University of Barcelona (UB), Barcelona, Spain; CIBER Fisiopatología de la Obesidad y la Nutrición (CIBERObn), - - 2014
Epidemiologic and biological evidence supports an inverse association between polyphenol consumption and the risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD). However, no previous studies have prospectively evaluated the relationship between polyphenol intake and the incidence of CVD in such a comprehensive way. The aim was to evaluate the association between intakes of ...
Ortega-Ramirez Luis Alberto LA Centro de Investigacion en Alimentacion y Desarrollo, A.C. (CIAD, AC), Carretera a la Victoria Km 0.6, La Victoria. Hermosillo, Sonora 83000, - - 2014
Many food preservation strategies can be used for the control of microbial spoilage and oxidation; however, these quality problems are not yet controlled adequately. Although synthetic antimicrobial and antioxidant agents are approved in many countries, the use of natural safe and effective preservatives is a demand of food consumers and ...
Montserrat-de la Paz Sergio - - 2014
Non-drug varieties of Cannabis sativa L., collectively known as "hemp", have been an important source of food, fiber and medicince for thousands of years. The ever-increasing demand for vegetables oils has made it essential to characterize additional vegetable oil through innovative uses of its components. The lipid profile showed that ...
Lin Chuan-Chuan CC Department of Food Science, China University of Science and Technology, Taipei 115, - - 2014
The choice of surfactants and cosurfactants for preparation of oral formulation in microemulsions is limited. In this report, a curcumin-encapsulated phospholipids-based microemulsion (ME) using food-grade ingredients soybean oil and soybean lecithin to replace ethyl oleate and purified lecithin from our previous study was established and compared. The results indicated soybean ...
Lanzerstorfer Peter - - 2014
The compositional characteristics of untreated pure juice prepared from 88 apple varieties grown in the region of Eferding/Upper Austria were determined. Many of the analyzed varieties are non-commercial, old varieties not present in market. The aim of the study was to quantitate the mineral, phosphate, trace elements and polyphenolic content ...
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