Search Results
Results 51 - 100 of 1643
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >
Fernandes Alwyn R AR The Food and Environment Research Agency, Sand Hutton, York YO41 1LZ, UK. Electronic address: - - 2014
The occurrence of nineteen mixed halogenated (bromo-chloro) dibenzo-p-dioxins, dibenzofurans (PXDD/Fs) and biphenyls (PXBs) in a range of foods (n>100) was investigated. The analytical methodology used dual activated carbon column fractionation with high resolution mass spectrometric measurement (13,500-15,000 res). Occurrence was observed in most commonly consumed foods but the most frequent ...
Cheng Zhang Z Key Laboratory for Heavy Metal Pollution Control and Reutilization, School of Environment and Energy, Peking University Shenzhen Graduate School, Shenzhen, 518055, People's Republic of - - 2014
In this study, different types of food wastes were used as the major source of protein to replace the fish meal in fish feeds to produce quality fish (polyculture of different freshwater fish). During October 2011-April 2012, the concentrations of Hg in water, suspended particulate matter, and sediment of the ...
Le Ven Jessica - - 2014
Epidemiological and toxicological studies suggested Annonaceaeous acetogenins to be environmental neurotoxins responsible for sporadic atypical parkinsonism / dementia in tropical areas. These compounds are present in the tropical genus Annona (Annonaceae), known for its fruits-yielding cultivated species such as A. cherimolia. This species is widely cultivated in South America, Spain ...
Bajpai Vivek K VK Department of Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology, Yeungnam University, Gyeongsan, Gyeongbuk 712-749, Republic of - - 2014
To examine the individual and synergistic anti-listerial effect of nisin and leaf essential oil of Metasequoia glyptostroboides (M. glyptostroboides) against one of the leading foodborne pathogens Listeria monocytogenes (L. monocytogenes) ATCC 19116 in milk samples. The whole (8%), low (1%) and skim (no fat content) milk samples were inoculated with ...
Leong Wan Mei WM Department of Food Science, University of Wisconsin-Madison, 1605 Linden Drive, Madison, Wisconsin 53706, - - 2014
Potentially hazardous foods require time/temperature control for safety. According to the U.S. Food and Drug Administration Food Code, most cheeses are potentially hazardous foods based on pH and water activity, and a product assessment is required to evaluate safety of storage >6 h at 21°C. We tested the ability of ...
Onjong Hillary Adawo HA Department of Food Science, Nutrition and Technology, University of Nairobi, P.O. Box 29053-00625, Nairobi, - - 2014
Fish processing plants still face microbial food safety-related product rejections and the associated economic losses, although they implement legislation, with well-established quality assurance guidelines and standards. We assessed the microbial performance of core control and assurance activities of fish exporting processors to offer suggestions for improvement using a case study. ...
Shemesh Moshe M Department of Food Quality and Safety, Institute for Postharvest Technology and Food Sciences, Agricultural Research Organization (ARO), The Volcani Center, P.O. Box 6, Bet-Dagan 50250, Israel. - - 2014
Bacteria use different strategies to survive unfavorable environmental conditions. Alicyclobacillus acidoterrestris is a bacterium capable of surviving extremely harsh conditions, for instance, during industrial food processing. A. acidoterrestris is a spore-forming, thermoacidophilic, nonpathogenic bacterium that commonly contaminates commercial pasteurized fruit juices and is, therefore, considered a major microbiological contaminant in ...
Espina Laura L Dept. de Producción Animal y Ciencia de los Alimentos, Facultad de Veterinaria, Univ. de Zaragoza, Miguel Servet 177, 50013, Zaragoza, - - 2014
Despite the vast body of available literature on the possibilities of essential oils (EOs) as food preservatives or functional ingredients, the sensory impact of their addition to foods has barely been approached. This work focuses on the hedonic taste acceptance of 3 food products (tomato juice, vegetable soup, and poultry ...
Powell Lisa M LM Health Policy and Administration, School of Public Health and Institute for Health Research and Policy, University of Illinois at Chicago, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
Obesity prevalence and related health burdens are greater among U.S. racial/ethnic minority and low-income populations. Targeted advertising may contribute to disparities. Designated market area (DMA) spot television ratings were used to assess geographic differences in child/adolescent exposure to food-related advertisements based on DMA-level racial/ethnic and income characteristics. Controlling for unobserved ...
Athas Jasmin C JC Department of Chemistry & Biochemistry and ‡Department of Chemical & Biomolecular Engineering, University of Maryland , College Park, Maryland 20742, United - - 2014
Synthetic dispersants such as Corexit 9500A were used in large quantities (∼2 million gallons) to disperse the oil spilled in the ocean during the recent Deepwater Horizon event. These dispersant formulations contain a blend of surfactants in a base of organic solvent. Some concerns have been raised regarding the aquatic ...
Morlock Gertrud Elisabeth - - 2014
Complex samples like food contain thousands of single compounds. In the past, only known target compounds were looked for, however, most bioactive compounds in food are unknown. On the contrary, non-target analyses face the challenge of determining the thousand peaks' identities, but it remains largely unclear which peaks are bioactive. ...
Kim Sun Hyo SH Department of Technology & Home Economics Education, Kongju National University, Kongju 314-701, Republic of - - 2014
A liquid chromatography-atmospheric pressure chemical ionization-tandem mass spectrometric method (LC-APCI-MS/MS) has been developed for the sensitive determination of antitumor thioproline and methylthioproline from fermented foods. Thioproline and methylthioproline were derivatized in one step with ethyl chloroformate at room temperature. These compounds were identified and quantified in various traditional Korean fermented ...
Yang Mei M Department of Biology and Chemistry, City University of Hong Kong, Tat Chee Avenue, Kowloon, Hong Kong SAR, China. - - 2014
Abrus cantoniensis is a common and popular vegetative food consumed as beverage, soup and folk medicine in the tropical and subtropical areas of Asia. It has been claimed valuable for cleansing toxicants in the liver. However, the functional effects of A. cantoniensis have not yet been scientifically explored. This study ...
Curwin Brian D BD Division of Surveillance, Hazard Evaluations, and Field Studies, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, Cincinnati, Ohio, - - 2014
Flavorings are substances that alter or enhance the taste of food. Workers in the food-manufacturing industry, where flavorings are added to many products, may be exposed to any number of flavoring compounds. Although thousands of flavoring substances are in use, little is known about most of these in terms of ...
Wu Zhihua Z a State Key Laboratory of Food Science and Technology, Nanchang University , Nanchang , P.R. - - 2014
Peanut, as one of major food allergens, became an increasingly common life-threatening disorder. Although peanut allergens had been extensively identified, Ara h 1 is still too expensive to be applied in food safety or clinical utility. In this study, the purification, expression and immunological analyses of Ara h 1 were ...
LLana-Ruiz-Cabello Maria M Area of Toxicology, Faculty of Pharmacy, Universidad de Sevilla, Profesor García González n° 2, 41012 Seville. - - 2014
Currently, direct antimicrobial and antioxidant additives derived from essential oils are used in food packaging and are perceived by consumers as low-health-risk compounds. In this study, we investigated the potential mutagenicity and genotoxicity of carvacrol and thymol, major compounds in several essential oils, using the Ames Salmonella test and the ...
Ghosh Kuntal K Department of Microbiology, Vidyasagar University, Midnapore 721102, West Bengal, - - 2015
Haria, a popular rice based ethnic fermented beverage, is consumed as a staple food and refreshing drink by the vast number of Indian tribal people. In this study, the composition of microbial consortia and the occurrence of some important nutraceuticals during haria preparation were investigated. The quantities of moulds and ...
Srivastava Prateeti P Human Resource Development - - 2014
Abstract Pomegranate (Punica granatum) peel is rich source of dietary fiber and bioactive compounds, hence could be used in the development of functional food formulations. Attempt was made to see the effect of dried pomegranate peel powder (DPPP) and emulsifiers on the rheological, nutritional and quality characteristics of biscuits. Incorporation ...
Liang Y Y a Key Laboratory of Food Quality and Safety of Jiangsu Province , Jiangsu Academy of Agricultural Science , Nanjing , - - 2014
The combining and quantifying effects of food processing on pesticide residues in fruits were analyzed by a meta-analysis approach. Data were collected from many publications and used to calculate response ratios, confidence intervals and intra assay coefficients of variation. The response ratios for washing by tap water, boiling and sun ...
Xiao Zijun Z Centre for Bioengineering and Biotechnology, China University of Petroleum , Qingdao 266580, - - 2014
Acetoin is a common food flavor additive. This volatile compound widely exists in nature. Some microorganisms, higher plants, insects, and higher animals have the ability to synthesize acetoin using different enzymes and pathways under certain circumstances. As a very active molecule, acetoin acts as a precursor of dozens of compounds. ...
Pepe Giacomo G Department of Pharmacy, University of Salerno, Via Giovanni Paolo II 132, I-84084 Fisciano, Salerno, - - 2015
Fresh cut vegetables represent a widely consumed food worldwide. Among these, lettuce (Lactuca sativa L.) is one of the most popular on the market. The growing interest for this "healthy" food is related to the content of bioactive compounds, especially polyphenols, that show many beneficial effects. In this study, we ...
Abrunhosa Luís L a IBB, Institute for Biotechnology and Bioengineering, Centre of Biological Engineering, University of Minho , Campus de Gualtar , 4710-057 Braga , - - 2014
Abstract Mycotoxins are toxic secondary metabolites produced by filamentous fungi that occur naturally in agricultural commodities worldwide. Aflatoxins, ochratoxin A, patulin, fumonisins, zearalenone, trichothecenes and ergot alkaloids are presently the most important for food and feed safety. These compounds are produced by several species that belong to the Aspergillus, Penicillium, ...
Guérard Melanie M F. Hoffmann-La Roche Ltd., Pharmaceutical Research and Early Development, Pharmaceutical Sciences, Roche Innovation Center Basel, Grenzacherstrasse 183, 4070 Basel, Switzerland. Electronic address: - - 2014
The incidence of micronucleated-cells is considered to be a marker of a genotoxic event and can be caused by direct- or indirect-DNA reactive mechanisms. In particular, small increases in the incidence of micronuclei, which are not associated with toxicity in the target tissue or any structurally altering properties of the ...
Lee Bora B Department of Foods and Nutrition, Kookmin University, 77 Jeongneung-ro, Seungbuk-gu, Seoul 136-702, South - - 2014
The aim of this study was to determine the effect of television food advertising on participant food intake and risk of obesity. A total of 2419 children aged 11-13 years were selected from 118 elementary schools in South Korea. All participants completed a self-administered questionnaire with questions about height, weight, television ...
Claveau David - - 2014
ACTERO Listeria Enrichment Media (ACTERO Listeria) is a selective medium developed for a single-step recovery and enrichment of Listeria spp. from environmental samples. Robustness testing of the ACTERO Listeria medium demonstrated good performance when minor changes were introduced to the incubation temperature and time. All 54 Listeria strains tested, representing ...
Kim D W DW Molecular Epidemiology Branch, National Cancer Center, Goyang-si, Gyeonggi-do, Republic of - - 2014
Background:Controlling for day-to-day variation is a key issue in estimating long-term dietary exposure to heavy metals using 24-hour recall (24HR) data from a relatively small number of days.Objectives:This study was conducted to estimate long-term dietary exposure to lead, cadmium and mercury among Korean children using the Iowa State University (ISU) ...
Dewalque Lucas L Laboratory of Clinical, Forensic and Environmental Toxicology, University of Liege (ULg), CHU (B35), Liege 4000, Belgium; Center for Interdisciplinary Research on Medicines (C.I.R.M.), University of Liege (ULg), CHU (B35), Liege 4000, Belgium. Electronic address: - - 2014
The daily intakes (DI) were estimated in a Belgian general population for 5 phthalates, namely diethyl phthalate (DEP), di-n-butyl phthalate (DnBP), di-iso-butyl phthalate (DiBP), butylbenzyl phthalate (BBzP) and di-2-ethylhexyl phthalate (DEHP), based on the urinary measurements of their corresponding metabolites. DI values ranged between <LOD and 59.65μg/kg bw/day depending on ...
Quintaneiro C C CESAM and Departamento de Biologia, Universidade de Aveiro, Campus Universitário de Santiago, 3810-191, Aveiro, Portugal, - - 2014
The equilibrium of the structure and functioning of freshwater ecosystems is dependent of detritivores that link all the other functional groups. The preference for feeding leaves with different diameters (particle size) and leaves with metal contamination (several concentrations of the essential metals copper and zinc) were determined for two detritivores, ...
Llana-Ruiz-Cabello María M Area of Toxicology, Faculty of Pharmacy, Universidad de Sevilla, Professor García González n°2, 41012 Seville, - - 2015
Edible members of the Allium family are widely used since they exhibit antioxidant and antibacterial related to the organosulphur compounds. One the most promising use of Allium species, hence, onion essential oil, could be in the packaging food industry. The present work aims to assess the safety of two organosulphur ...
Ciarmiello Loredana Filomena - - 2014
Hazelnuts exhibit functional properties due to their content in fatty acids and phenolic compounds that could positively affect human health. Food industry requires precise traits for morphological, chemical and physical kernel features so that some cultivars could be more suitable for specific industrial processing. In this study, agronomical and morphological ...
Clostre Florence F Cirad/CAEC, UPR fonctionnement agroécologique et performances des systèmes de culture horticoles, B.P. 214 Petit Morne, Martinique, F-97232 Le Lamentin, France. Electronic address: - - 2014
Decades after their use and their ban, organochlorine pesticides still pollute soil, water and food and lead to human and ecosystem exposure. In the case of chlordecone, human exposure is mainly due to the consumption of polluted food. We studied the effect of preparation and cooking in five vegetable products, ...
Bolarinwa Islamiyat F - - 2014
Amygdalin is a member of the cyanogenic glycoside group of plant secondary metabolites capable of generating hydrogen cyanide under certain conditions. As a consequence, the cyanogenic glycosides have been associated with incidents of acute and sub-acute food poisoning. Specific antibodies were raised against an amygdalin-bovine serum albumin immunogen synthesised using ...
Ponzo Valentina - - 2014
Resveratrol is a polyphenolic compound found in several plants. In the last decades, the interest in this compound has enormously increased after benefits on metabolism and increased lifespan of various organisms have been reported with its supplementation. Several in-vitro and animal studies have observed that resveratrol can act on multiple ...
Mok Jong Soo JS Southeast Sea Fisheries Research Institute, National Fisheries Research and Development Institute, 361 Youngun-ri, Sanyang-up, Tongyoung 650-943, - - 2014
The concentrations of the heavy metals cadmium (Cd), mercury (Hg), lead (Pb), chromium, silver, nickel, copper, and zinc in the edible portions of 105 marine invertebrates representing 16 mollusk and crustacean species were accurately determined to evaluate their hazard for human consumption. The samples were collected in 2011 from major ...
Simmons Amber L AL Department of Medicine, Boston University Medical Center, 650 Albany St., Rm X810, Boston MA 02118, Tel.: 617-638-7088, Fax.: 617-638-7124, - - 2014
The "chemical obesogen" hypothesis conjectures that synthetic, environmental contaminants are contributing to the global epidemic of obesity. In fact, intentional food additives (e.g., artificial sweeteners and colors, emulsifiers) and unintentional compounds (e.g., bisphenol A, pesticides) are largely unstudied in regard to their effects on overall metabolic homeostasis. With that said, ...
Park Yeong-Chul YC GLP Center and Dept. of Medicinal Life Science, Catholic University of Daegu, Keongsan, - - 2014
Radix Astragali, the root of Astragalus (A.) membranaceus, has been applied in a variety of diseases for a long time in Asian countries such as Korea and China. In addition, the aerial parts such as leaves and stems of A. membranaceus have received a great deal of attention. Recently, the ...
Meitinger Michael M Deutsche Forschungsanstalt für Lebensmittelchemie, Lise-Meitner-Straße 34, D-85354 Freising, - - 2014
During thermal processing of foods, reducing carbohydrates and amino acids may form 1-amino-1-desoxyketoses named Amadori rearrangement products after the Italian chemist Mario Amadori. Although these compounds are transient intermediates of the Maillard reaction, they are often used as suitable markers to measure the extent of a thermal food processing, such ...
Fiume Monice M MM Cosmetic Ingredient Review Senior Scientific Analyst/Writer, Washington, DC, - - 2014
The CIR Expert Panel assessed the safety of 6 Cucumis sativus (cucumber)-derived ingredients and found them safe in cosmetic formulations in the present practices of use and concentration. These ingredients are reported to function in cosmetics as skin-conditioning agents. Cucumber is a commonly consumed food with no history of significant ...
Singh Anurag A Nestlé Research Center,Vers-chez-les-Blanc,CH-1000 Lausanne - - 2014
Polyphenols are naturally derived bioactive compounds with numerous reported health benefits. We have previously reported on the beneficial effect of a polyphenol-enriched apple extract in a murine model of food allergy. The objectives of the present study were to elucidate the class of bioactive polyphenols that exhibit a beneficial anti-allergic ...
Squadrone S S Istituto Zooprofilattico Sperimentale del Piemonte, Liguria e Valle D'Aosta, via Bologna 148, 10154 Torino, Italy. Electronic address: - - 2014
Extensive screening analyses of perfluorooctane sulfonate and related perfluorinated compounds (PFCs) in biota samples from all over the world have identified PFCs as global pollutants and have shown their bioaccumulation into higher trophic levels in the food chain. Perfluorooctanoic acid (PFOA) and perfluorooctane sulfonate (PFOS) are environmental contaminants belonging to ...
Tingirikari Jagan Mohan Rao JM Department of Biotechnology, Indian Institute of Technology Guwahati , Guwahati, Assam , - - 2014
Abstract Dextran produced from Weissella cibaria JAG8 was purified and characterized. The molecular mass of dextran as determined by the gel filtration and copper bicinchoninate method was approximately, 800 kDa. Monosaccharide analysis revealed that the polysaccharide comprised only glucose units. Dynamic light scattering study confirmed the mono-disperse nature of dextran with ...
Blanco-Díaz María Teresa MT Department of Postharvest Technology and Food Industry, IFAPA Center La Mojonera, Camino San Nicolás, 1, 04745 La Mojonera, Almería, - - 2014
The food industry and plant breeding programmes require fast, clean and low-cost screening techniques for nutritional compounds determination in food matrices. This is the first report on the study of the potential of near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) for the prediction of antioxidant compounds in summer squash tissues collected since 2009-2012. Modified ...
Nallagundla Sumalatha S Basic Science Research Center, KLE University, Belgaum, 590010, Karnataka, - - 2014
Acyclovir, indicated in the treatment of herpes labialis ("cold sores"), is formulated as semisolid topical dosage forms and marketed in numerous countries. Since the formulations of the various acyclovir products may differ from country to country, this study was undertaken to compare the in vitro release of acyclovir from various ...
Venhuis Bastiaan B National Institute for Public Health and the Environment - Center for Health Protection, Bilthoven, the - - 2014
Food supplements are regularly found to contain pharmacologically active substances. Recently, the food supplement Dexaprine was removed from the Dutch market because it was associated with severe adverse events. Reports to the Dutch Poisons Information Center (DPIC) showed that ingestion of as little as half a tablet caused several cases ...
Mosby Terezie Tolar TT Department of Clinical Nutrition, St. Jude Children's Research Hospital, 262 Danny Thomas Place, Memphis, TN, 38105-3678, USA, - - 2014
Nurses at a meeting of the Asociación de Hemato Oncología Pediátrica de Centroamérica y El Caribe recognized food safety as one of the main issues affecting patient care. The objective was to increase awareness of food safety issues among caregivers for pediatric cancer patients in Guatemala and El Salvador. A ...
Weaver Connie M CM Department of Nutrition Science, Purdue University, West Lafayette, IN - - 2014
Bioactive compounds in foods have been gaining interest, and processes to consider them for public health recommendations are being discussed. However, the evidence base is difficult to assemble. It is difficult to demonstrate causality, and there often is not a single compound-single effect relation. Furthermore, health benefits may be due ...
Kim Jongchul J School of Environmental Science and Engineering, Pohang University of Science and Technology (POSTECH), San 31, Hyoja-dong, Nam-gu, Pohang 790-784, Republic of - - 2014
A total of 175 samples, composed of 35 different foodstuffs, were obtained from retail markets in Korea and analyzed to investigate the contamination status and dietary intake of Dechlorane compounds. The concentrations of Dechlorane Plus (DP), mirex, Dechlorane (Dec) 602 and 603 ranged from ND to 169.85pg/g wet weight (ww), ...
Thao Nguyen Phuong - - 2014
Sea cucumbers have been used as a dietary delicacy and important ingredient in Asian traditional medicine and functional foods over many centuries. Using combined chromatographic methods, six triterpene saponins (1-6), including a new compound, stichloroside F (1), were isolated from a methanol extract of the sea cucumber Stichopus chloronotus Brandt. ...
Sultana Fouzia F Department of Microbiology, Primeasia University, Banani, Dhaka-1213, Bangladesh ; Department of Microbiology, Institute of Public Health (IPH), Dhaka-1212, - - 2014
To investigate the bacterial load and antibiotic resistance pattern of bacterial isolates obtained from (ready to cook) frozen food samples of animal origin in Dhaka, Bangladesh. A total of 20 samples of frozen ready to cook food of animal origin were purchased from different separate grocery stores in Dhaka, Bangladesh. ...
Elayaraja Sivaramasamy S Key Laboratory of Experimental Marine Biology, Institute of Oceanology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Qingdao 266071, - - 2014
To study the production, purification and characterization of bacteriocin from Lactobacillus murinus AU06 isolated from marine sediments and its broad spectrum of inhibition against fish pathogens. The selected strain was used in production, purification and characterized of bacteriocin. In addition, purified bacteriocin was tested for its antimicrobial activity against fish ...
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >