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Johansson Eva E Department of Plant Breeding, The Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, P.O. Box 101, Alnarp, SE 23053, Sweden. - - 2014
An increasing interest in organic agriculture for food production is seen throughout the world and one key reason for this interest is the assumption that organic food consumption is beneficial to public health. The present paper focuses on the background of organic agriculture, important public health related compounds from crop ...
Kumar Peeyush P Applied Microbiology Laboratory, Centre for Rural Development & Technology, Indian Institute of Technology Delhi, New Delhi 110016, - - 2014
Housefly (Musca domestica L.), one of the most common insects in human settlements, has been associated as vectors for various food-borne pathogens, causing food spoilage and disease transmission. The control of housefly was attempted using plant monoterpenes; menthone, menthol, menthyl acetate, limonene, citral and 1,8-cineole, against different life stages of ...
Preece Kahn K Experimental & Translational Respiratory Medicine Group, University of Newcastle and Hunter Medical Research Institute, Newcastle, Australia; Paediatric Allergy & Immunology, Newcastle Children's Hospital, Newcastle, Australia; Discipline of Paediatrics & Child Health, School of Medicine and Public Health, University of Newcastle, - - 2013
Retrospective studies of childhood peanut allergy demonstrate serum IgE levels against the peanut allergen Ara h2 may help predict a clinical reaction at food challenge. Fraction of exhaled nitric oxide is a non-invasive tool correlating to allergic airways inflammation and has been independently associated with increased food specific IgE. To ...
García-González Diego L DL Instituto de la Grasa (CSIC), Padre García Tejero 4, 41012 Sevilla, Spain. Electronic address: - - 2014
The physicochemical phenomena that explain the sensing mechanisms of gas sensors have been extensively investigated. Nevertheless, it is arduous to interpret the sensor signals in a practical approach when they response to complex mixtures of compounds responsible for food aroma. Thus, the concomitant interactions between the volatiles and the sensor ...
Jorda-Beneyto M M a Packaging , Transport and Logistics Research Institute, C/Albert Einstein, 1 , Paterna , Valencia 46980 , - - 2013
In this work, two organomodified clays for food contact applications have been developed to produce hydrophobically modified montmorillonite, and hence to obtain better compatibility between the biopolymer and the filler (nanoclay). These nanofillers have been characterized by Fourier Transform InfraRed (FTIR) Spectroscopy, X-ray diffraction, and thermo-gravimetric analysis (TGA), in order ...
Price Paul - - 2013
Food contact materials can release low levels of multiple chemicals (migrants) into food and beverages, to which individuals can be exposed through food consumption. This paper investigates the potential for non-carcinogenic effects from exposure to multiple migrants using the Cefic Mixtures Ad hoc Team (MIAT) decision tree. The purpose of ...
Llana-Ruiz-Cabello María - - 2013
Essential oils used as additives in the food industry due to its flavour, antimicrobial and antioxidant properties. Therefore, human can be exposed orally to these compounds through the ingestion of foods. In this sense, the present work aims to assess toxicological effects of oregano essential oil on the digestive tract. ...
Višnjevec Ana Miklavčič AM Department of Environmental Sciences, "Jožef Stefan" Institute, Ljubljana, Slovenia; International postgraduate School Jožef Stefan, Ljubljana, - - 2013
The effects of human exposure to mercury (Hg) and its compounds in Europe have been the focus of numerous studies that differed in their design, including recruiting different population groups at different levels of exposure and by using different protocols and recruitment strategies. The objective of this work was to ...
Yang Yi-Xin - - 2013
Silica nanoparticles (NPs) have been widely used in food products as an additive; however, their toxicity and safety to the human body and the environment still remain unclear. As a food additive, silica NPs firstly enter the human gastrointestinal tract along with food, thus their gastrointestinal toxicity deserves thorough study. ...
Gelbke Heinz-Peter - - 2013
Residual styrene present in polystyrene food packaging may migrate into food at low levels. To assure safe use, safe exposure levels are derived for consumers potentially exposed via food using No/Low Adverse Effect Levels from animal and human studies and assessment factors proposed by European organisations (EFSA, ECHA, ECETOC). Ototoxicity ...
Lionti Krystelle - - 2013
Organoalkoxysilanes are precursors that are used increasingly in the synthesis of food contact coatings. To comply with the EU regulation, their potential toxicity must be assessed, and very little information is known. The genotoxicity of three common precursors was studied, namely, tetraethylorthosilicate (TEOS), methyltriethoxysilane (MTES) and 3-glycidyloxypropyltriethoxysilane (GPTES). By the ...
Shin Mee-Young MY Department of Food Science and Nutrition, Andong National University, Gyeongbuk 760-749, - - 2013
Yam (Dioscorea) has long been used as foods and folk medicine with the approved positive effects for health promotion. Although consumption of yam products is increasing for health promotion, reports for the metal contamination in commercial yam powder products to protect the consumers are lacking. In this study, we aimed ...
Ieromina Oleksandra - - 2013
Aquatic ecosystems are characterized by fluctuating conditions that have direct effects on aquatic communities, but also indirect influences such as changing the toxicity of chemicals. Since the effect of food quality on pesticide toxicity has rarely been studied, in the current experiment Daphnia magna juveniles supplied with four different food ...
Wang Botao B School of Life Science and Biopharmaceutics, Shenyang Pharmaceutical University, No. 103 Wenhua Road, ShenHe District, Shenyang 110016, PR China; State Key Laboratory of Mycology, Institute of Microbiology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, No. 8 Beiertiao, Zhongguancun, Haidian District, Beijing 100190, PR - - 2014
Cyathane diterpenes are important bioactive substances produced by some edible and medicinal fungi. Seven new cyathane type diterpenes, named as cyathins J-P (1-7), together with two known diterpenes (8 and 9), were isolated from the solid culture of the bird's nest fungus Cyathus gansuensis growing on cooked rice. The structures ...
Santos-Neto Elitieri B - - 2013
Organochlorine compounds are highly persistent in the environment, causing bioaccumulation and biomagnification through the marine food chain. To verify the bioaccumulation pattern of DDT and its metabolites, as well as PCBs, Mirex, HCHs and HCB, samples of subcutaneous adipose tissue from 25 Guiana dolphins (Sotalia guianensis), two Fraser's dolphins (Lagenodelphis ...
Fernández-González R - - 2013
Abstract Dioxins include polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins (PCDDs), polychlorinated dibenzofurans (PCDFs), and part of polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs). Only the compounds that are chlorinated at the 2,3,7 and 8 positions have characteristic dioxin toxicity. PCDDs, PCDFs and PCBs accumulate in the food chain due to their high lipophilicity, high stability, and low vapor ...
Shi Lei L College of Life Science, Qufu Normal University, Qufu 273165, China; Shanghai Institute of Materia Medica, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 555 Zu Chong Zhi Road, Shanghai 201203, China; Temasek Applied Science School, Temasek Polytechnic, 21 Tampines Avenue 1, 529757 Singapore, Singapore. Electronic address: - - 2014
To discover new immunomodulator in the food industry, a water-soluble polysaccharide, CTPB1 was obtained from roots of Cudrania tricuspidata (Carr.) Bur. The average molecular weight of this polysaccharide was estimated to be 4.0×10(4)Da. Monosaccharide composition analysis indicated that the only neutral sugar present in this polysaccharide was xylose. From methylation ...
Contini Claudia - - 2013
Overall migration (OM) tests were conducted on an antioxidant active packaging prepared by coating plasma pretreated and untreated polyethylene terepthalate (PET) trays with a citrus extract. The release of antioxidant compounds into food simulants was measured to permit their subtraction from OM values in line with active packaging legislation. The ...
Reeuwijk N M - - 2013
Herbal food supplements, claiming to enhance sexual potency, may contain deliberately added active pharmacological ingredients (APIs) that can be used for the treatment of erectile dysfunction (ED). The aim of this study was to determine whether herbal food supplements on the Dutch market indeed contain APIs that inhibit phosphodiesterase type ...
Rotches-Ribalta Maria - - 2013
The study of the bioavailability of active compounds in functional foods, such as polyphenol-rich beverages, is required before making nutritional claims. In this work, we aimed to study the urinary excretion of resveratrol, taking into consideration its gut and microbial metabolites after consumption of a functional beverage, applying a UPLC-MS/MS ...
Hurlburt Barry K - - 2013
SUMMARY The incidence of peanut allergy continues to rise in the US and Europe. Whereas exposure to the major allergens Ara h 1, 2, 3, and 6 can cause fatal anaphylaxis, exposure to the minor allergens usually does not. Ara h 8 is a minor allergen. Importantly, it is the ...
Campagna Céline - - 2013
Many commercial sanitizers and disinfectants have been used over the years to control microbial contamination but their efficacy on phages is often unknown. Here, 23 commercial chemical products, including 21 food-grade sanitizers were tested against virulent dairy phages. These food-grade chemicals included oxidizing agents, halogenated agents, alcohols, quaternary ammonium compounds, ...
Palermo Mariantonella - - 2013
Cooking induced many chemical and physical modifications in foods: among them also phytochemicals content can change. Many authors studied variations in vegetable nutrients after cooking, and great data variability was reported. In this review more than one-hundred articles from indexed scientific journals were considered in order to assess the effect ...
Di Sotto Antonella - - 2013
α -Hexylcinnamaldehyde (HCA) and p-tert-butyl-alpha-methylhydrocinnamic aldehyde (BMHCA) are synthetic aldehydes, characterized by a typical floral scent, which makes them suitable to be used as fragrances in personal care (perfumes, creams, shampoos, etc.) and household products, and as flavouring additives in food and pharmaceutical industry. The aldehydic structure suggests the need ...
Martínez-Yusta Andrea A Food Technology, Faculty of Pharmacy, Lascaray Research Center, University of the Basque Country (UPV-EHU), Paseo de la Universidad No. 7, 01006 Vitoria, - - 2014
Three series of fourteen deep-frying experiments on three foods of very different compositions were carried out using extra virgin olive oil as the original frying medium. The aim of the study was to establish how the nature of the food being fried influences the composition of the frying medium. The ...
Zhang Zijie Z State Key Laboratory of Chemical Resource Engineering, Beijing University of Chemical Technology, Beijing 100029, People's Republic of - - 2014
d-Limonene has been considered to be a safer alternative compared to synthetic antimicrobial food additives. However, its hydrophobic and oxidative nature has limited its application in foods. The purpose of this research was to study effects of nisin on the antimicrobial activity of d-limonene and its nanoemulsion and develop a ...
Martins Maria do Rosário - - 2013
Schinus molle L. has been used in folk medicine as antibacterial, antiviral, topical antiseptic, antifungal, antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, anti-tumoural as well as antispasmodic and analgesic; however, there are few studies of pharmacological and toxicological properties of S. molle essential oils. The aim of this study was to evaluate the antioxidant and ...
Guyon Francois - - 2013
New tools for the determination of characteristic parameters for food authentication are requested to prevent food adulteration from which health concerns, unfair competition could follow. A new coupling in the area of compound-specific carbon 13 isotope ratio (δ(13)C) analysis was developed to simultaneously quantify δ(13)C values of sugars and organic ...
Rintala Eeva-Maria EM Finnish Food Safety Authority Evira, Research and Laboratory Department, Chemistry and Toxicology Research Unit, Mustialankatu 3, 00790 Helsinki, Finland. Electronic address: - - 2014
We evaluated total and inorganic arsenic levels in long grain rice and rice based baby foods on Finnish market. Inorganic arsenic was analysed with an HPLC-ICP-MS system. The total arsenic concentration was determined with an ICP-MS method. In this study, the inorganic arsenic levels in long grain rice varied from ...
Kim Min-Gi - - 2013
The acaricidal effects of the active constituent isolated from Ostericum praeteritum oil and its derivatives were compared with that of benzyl benzoate using fumigant and contact toxicity bioassays against Tyrophagus putrescentiae mites. The active compound of O. praeteritum was isolated by various chromatographic techniques and was identified as 3-methylphenol (C7H8O). ...
Catteau Lucy - - 2013
The purpose of this research is to screen different processes, which could potentially decrease or even eliminate rotenone, a toxic isoflavonoid, from Pachyrhizus seeds. The yam bean seeds have very interesting nutritional characteristics, especially their high proteins and lipids contents, and could potentially increase food security in under-nourished populations. However, ...
Hamishehkar Hamed - - 2013
Abstract Synthetic phenolic food additives, such as propyl 3,4,5-trihydroxybenzoate (propyl galate; PG), have been used as an antioxidant in the food industry to prevent oils from spoiling. Their toxicity is one of the challengeable issues resulting from the widespread usage of them in food-related industrials. In this study, we investigated ...
Aleksic Verica - - 2013
Since synthetic antimicrobial agents and food additives can cause a number of adverse effects, there is a growing interest from consumers in ingredients from natural sources. Medicinal plants, such as Myrtus communis L. are a source of new compounds which can be used in both the food industry and for ...
Lavoie Raphael A - - 2013
The slope of the simple linear regression between Log10 transformed mercury (Hg) concentration and stable nitrogen isotope values (δ(15)N), hereafter called trophic magnification slope (TMS), from several trophic levels in a food web can represent the overall degree of Hg biomagnification. We compiled data from 69 studies that determined total ...
Angi Réka - - 2013
The oral bioavailability of Aprepitant is limited by poor dissolution of the compound in the gastrointestinal tract which is more prominent in the fasted state resulting in significant positive food effect. Due to the low aqueous solubility of the active substance the product development has been focused on decreasing the ...
Rodríguez-Sánchez Dariana - - 2013
Avocado fruit is a rich source of health-related lipophilic phytochemicals such as monounsaturated fatty acids, tocopherols, carotenes, acetogenins and sterols. However, limited information is available on the contribution of specific phytochemicals to the overall antioxidant capacity (AOC) of the fruit. Centrifugal partition chromatography was used as fractionation tool, guided by ...
Lv C - - 2013
We aim to identify the effects of food on the pharmacokinetics (PK) of amlodipine, losartan and losartan's active metabolite (EXP3174) after oral administration of the Compound Amlodipine Tablets with single dose in healthy Chinese subjects. 12 subjects took the compounds (10 mg/100 mg, amlodipine/losartan) at the conditions of a high-fat ...
Jordaan Martine S - - 2013
Pesticides are contaminants of aquatic environments. Such ecosystems in the Western Cape, South Africa are at risk as most organophosphates are highly toxic to fish and other aquatic organisms. The objective of this experimental study was firstly to determine the acute toxicity of azinphos-methyl (AZP) to juvenile fish (Oreochromis mossambicus) ...
Gunawardena Dhanushka - - 2014
Inflammation is a well-known contributing factor to many age-related chronic diseases. One of the possible strategies to suppress inflammation is the employment of functional foods with anti-inflammatory properties. Edible mushrooms are attracting more and more attention as functional foods since they are rich in bioactive compounds, but their anti-inflammatory properties ...
Salazar Rómulo - - 2014
Polylactide (PLA), a biobased polymer, might prove suitable as eco-friendly packaging, if it proves efficient at maintaining food quality. To assess interactions between PLA and food, an oïl in-water model emulsion was formulated containing aroma compounds representing different chemical structure classes (ethyl esters, 2-nonanone, benzaldehyde) at a concentration typically found ...
Mölzer Christine - - 2013
Bilirubin exhibits antioxidant and antimutagenic effects in vitro. Additional tetrapyrroles that are naturally abundant were tested for antigenotoxicity in Salmonella. Un-/conjugated bilirubin (1 and 2), biliverdin (4), bilirubin and biliverdin dimethyl esters (3 and 5), stercobilin (6), urobilin (7), and protoporphyrin (8) were evaluated at physiological concentrations (0.01-2 μmol/plate; 3.5-714 ...
Maisanaba Sara - - 2013
The incorporation of the natural mineral clay montmorillonite into polymeric systems enhances their barrier properties as well as their thermal and mechanical resistance, making them suitable for a wide range of industrial applications, e.g., in the food industry. Considering humans could easily be exposed to these clays due to migration ...
Ek Kai Lin - - 2013
Potatoes are usually a high-glycaemic index (GI) food. Finding a low-GI potato and developing a screening method for finding low-GI cultivars are both health and agricultural priorities. The aims of the present study were to screen the commonly used and newly introduced cultivars of potatoes, in a bid to discover ...
Ali Disha - - 2013
Household food insecurity (HFI) is a recognized underlying determinant of child undernutrition, but evidence of associations between HFI and child undernutrition is mixed. The purpose of this study was to investigate if HFI is associated with undernutrition in children aged 6-59.9 mo in Bangladesh (n = 2356), Ethiopia (n = ...
Gragnani J G - - 2013
The present study aimed to determine whether the δ(13) C and δ(15) N of fingernails (δ(13) CF and δ(15) NF , respectively) would exhibit differences between groups from different income levels in the city of Piracicaba, Brazil. In 2010, the fingernails of 273 participants belonging to six income groups were ...
Khan Muhammad Usman - - 2013
The current study was designed to investigate the potential human health risks associated with consumption of food crops contaminated with toxic heavy metals. Cadmium (Cd) concentration in surface soils; Cd, lead (Pb) and chromium (Cr) in the irrigation water and food crops were above permissible limits. The accumulation factor (AF) ...
Xu Jian - - 2013
In this study, the bioaccumulation of perfluorinated compounds from a food web in Taihu Lake in China was investigated. The organisms included egret bird species, carnivorous fish, omnivorous fish, herbivorous fish, zooplankton, phytoplankton, zoobenthos and white shrimp. Isotope analysis by δ(13)C and δ(15)N indicated that the carnivorous fish and egret ...
Dill M Joelle - - 2013
Serotonin acts through a number of receptors known to be involved in several physiological functions, including the regulation of energy homeostasis and food intake. Recent experiments have demonstrated that 5-HT1A receptor antagonists reduce food intake. We conducted experiments to determine the effects of 5-HT1A receptor antagonists on food intake using ...
Bai Wei - - 2013
Abstract Knowing the dietary flavonoid intake of individuals and populations is the first step to clearly understand their health effects. Dietary flavonoid intake studies have been hampered by the lack of flavonoid food composition data. The objectives of this study were to estimate intakes of individual, classes and total flavonoids ...
Tunstall Brendan J - - 2013
We previously showed that presenting two cocaine cues simultaneously during extinction deepens the extinction of cue-elicited cocaine seeking (Kearns et al., 2012). The present study investigated whether compounding a non-drug appetitive cue with a cocaine cue would similarly deepen extinction. In Experiment 1, tone and click were each first established ...
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