Search Results
Results 551 - 600 of 1723
< 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 >
Sims Steven R - - 2012
Commercial baits containing boric acid, hydramethynon, and indoxacarb were tested against the firebrat, Thermobia domestica (Packard), and silverfish, Lepisma saccharina L. (both Zygentoma: Lepismatidae), under laboratory conditions. Three boric acid baits were consumed in significantly smaller amounts than untreated control food and did not effectively control either species. Baits containing ...
Cloetens Lieselotte - - 2012
The present review examines the evidence regarding the effect of β-glucan on variables linked to the metabolic syndrome (MetS), including appetite control, glucose control, hypertension, and gut microbiota composition. Appetite control can indirectly influence MetS by inducing a decreased energy intake, and promising results for a β-glucan intake to decrease ...
Martín Aida - - 2012
From 2008 to date, basically, single-cross microchip electrophoresis (ME) design has been used for food analysis with electrochemicaland laser-induced fluorescencedetection being the most commonprinciples coupled. In the last 4 years, the main outlines were: (i) the exploration of new analytes such as heavy metals, nitrite, micotoxins, microorganisms, and allergens; (ii) ...
Sherzai Ayesha - - 2012
Stroke is the fourth leading cause of mortality in the United States, yet it is 80% preventable by addressing lifestyle factors including nutrition. Evaluating the impact of nutrition at the food group and dietary pattern level will provide greater insight into the role of nutrition in stroke. For this purpose, ...
Howard Hj - - 2012
Animal biotechnology represents one subset of tools among a larger set of technologies for potential use to meet increasing world demands for food. Assisted reproductive technologies (ART) such as artificial insemination and embryo transfer continue to make positive contributions in food animal production. The US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) ...
Dervilly-Pinel Gaud - - 2012
Metabolomics is a science of interest in food analysis to describe and predict properties of food products and processes. It includes the development of analytical methods with the ultimate goal being the identification of so-called 'quality markers', (i.e. sets of metabolites that correlate with, for example, quality, safety, taste, or ...
Macdiarmid Jennie I - - 2012
Food systems account for 18-20% of UK annual greenhouse gas emissions (GHGEs). Recommendations for improving food choices to reduce GHGEs must be balanced against dietary requirements for health. We assessed whether a reduction in GHGEs can be achieved while meeting dietary requirements for health. A database was created that linked ...
Sylvetsky Allison C - - 2012
Low-calorie and no-calorie sweeteners (LCSs) have emerged as alternatives to added sugars. Research suggests that consumption among all Americans is increasing, yet it is unknown whether consumption trends differ among population subgroups. Our study aimed to assess recent national trends in LCS consumption among children and other demographic subgroups in ...
Sheen Shiowshuh S Food Safety and Intervention Technologies Research Unit, USDA, Agricultural Research Service, Eastern Regional Research Center, Wyndmoor, PA 19038, USA. - - 2012
Microwave (MW) heating using continuous power output with feedback control and a modified ingredient formulation may provide better and consistent cooking of foods. Currently, household units with build-in inverter power supply units are available. These new generation MW ovens provide continuous, adjustable output and cooking, in contrast to the traditional ...
Bezerra Ilana Nogueira - - 2012
The objectives of the present study were to estimate the dietary contribution of away-from-home food consumption, to describe the contribution of away-from-home foods to energy intake, and to investigate the association between eating away from home and total energy intake in Brazilian urban areas. In the first Brazilian Nationwide Dietary ...
Abramovitch Sharona L - - 2012
It is unclear whether Canadians accurately estimate serving sizes and the number of servings in their diet as intended by Canada's Food Guide (CFG). The objective of this study was to determine if participants can accurately quantify the size of 1 serving and the number of servings consumed per day. ...
Behie Alison M - - 2012
As plants may contain low levels of some minerals including sodium, copper, and phosphorous, herbivores may become deficient in these nutrients. In 2001, Hurricane Iris hit the Monkey River Forest in Belize causing substantial damage to the food supply of the black howler monkey population (Alouatta pigra) living there. This ...
Britten Patricia - - 2012
The US Department of Agriculture Food Patterns were updated for the 2010 Dietary Guidelines for Americans to meet new nutrition goals and incorporate results of food pattern modeling requested by the Dietary Guidelines Advisory Committee. The purpose of this article is to describe the process used and changes in the ...
Romano A - - 2012
In altricial species, offspring competing for access to limiting parental resources (e.g. food) are selected to achieve an optimal balance between the costs of scrambling for food, the benefits of being fed and the indirect costs of subtracting food to relatives. As the marginal benefits of acquiring additional food decrease ...
Cullon Donna L - - 2012
Polychlorinated biphenyl (PCB) biomagnification was characterized in a harbor seal food web in the Strait of Georgia, British Columbia, Canada. Trophic magnification factors (TMFs) for PCBs averaged 3.6, with a range of 0.7 to 9.4. The TMFs for individual congeners correlated with log K(ow) (r(2)  = 0.56, p < 0.001), reflecting the role ...
Zimmer Elke I - - 2012
Standard ecotoxicological tests are as simple as possible and food sources are mainly chosen for practical reasons. Since some organisms change their food preferences during the life-cycle, they might be food limited at some stage if we do not account for such a switch. As organisms tend to respond more ...
Lorenzon Mauro - - 2012
Kampimodromus aberrans, Typhlodromus pyri and Amblyseius andersoni are generalist predatory mites important in controlling tetranychid and eriophyoid mites in European vineyards. They can persist by exploiting various non-prey foods when their main prey is absent or scarce. A comparative analysis of the effects of various prey and non-prey foods on ...
Warth Benedikt - - 2012
In this study an LC-MS/MS multi-toxin method covering a total of 247 fungal and bacterial metabolites was applied to the analysis of different food and feed stuffs from Burkina Faso and Mozambique. Overall, 63 metabolites were determined in 122 samples of mainly maize and groundnuts and a few samples of ...
Booth David A DA School of Psychology, College of Life and Environmental Sciences, University of Birmingham, Edgbaston, Birmingham, West Midlands, B15 2TT, UK. - - 2012
Food intake can be increased by learning to anticipate the omission of subsequent meals. We present here a new theory that such anticipatory eating depends on an associative process of instrumental reinforcement by the nutritional repletion that occurs when access to food is restored. Our evidence over the last decade ...
De Keyzer Willem - - 2012
BACKGROUND: The aim of the present study was to assess the relative validity of a self-administered qualitative food frequency questionnaire (FFQ) applied in the Belgian food consumption survey. METHODS: Comparison of food consumption data from an FFQ with 7-day estimated diet records (EDR) was made in a sample of 100 ...
Yeakel Justin D JD Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, University of California, Santa Cruz, 1156 High Street, Santa Cruz, CA 95064, USA. - - 2012
Patterns of species interactions affect the dynamics of food webs. An important component of species interactions that is rarely considered with respect to food webs is the strengths of interactions, which may affect both structure and dynamics. In natural systems, these strengths are variable, and can be quantified as probability ...
Palouzier-Paulignan Brigitte B Centre de Recherche des Neurosciences de Lyon, Equipe Olfaction du Codage à la Mémoire, INSERM U 1028/CNRS 5292, Université de Lyon1, 50 Ave. Tony Garnier, 69366, Lyon, Cedex 07, - - 2012
Recently published work and emerging research efforts have suggested that the olfactory system is intimately linked with the endocrine systems that regulate or modify energy balance. Although much attention has been focused on the parallels between taste transduction and neuroendocrine controls of digestion due to the novel discovery of taste ...
Zygler Agata - - 2012
The objective of this study was to measure the concentrations of nine high-intensity sweeteners (acesulfame-K, aspartame, alitame, cyclamate, dulcin, neohesperidin DC, neotame, saccharin and sucralose) in different categories of food available on the Polish market. Over 170 samples of different brands of beverages, yoghurts, fruit preparations, vegetable preserves and fish ...
van der Velde Jantina L - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Currently, the longitudinal validity (validity over time) and responsiveness (ability to measure change over time) of the Food Allergy Quality of Life Questionnaire-Adult Form (FAQLQ-AF), the Food Allergy Quality of Life Questionnaire-Teenager Form (FAQLQ-TF), and the Food Allergy Quality of Life Questionnaire-Child Form (FAQLQ-CF) are unknown. Additionally, the self-reported ...
Gross Rachel S - - 2012
OBJECTIVES:We explored the relationship between household food insecurity and maternal feeding styles, infant feeding practices, and perceptions and attitudes about infant weight in low-income mothers.METHODS:Mothers participating in the Special Supplemental Food Program for Women, Infants, and Children with infants aged between 2 weeks and 6 months were interviewed. By using ...
Elbel Brian - - 2012
To the Editor: New York City recently proposed a policy that would prohibit the sale of most sugar-sweetened beverages in quantities of more than 16 oz at all restaurants, including fast-food restaurants.(1) These beverages have been implicated as a contributor to obesity. We evaluated the potential effect of this policy ...
Hammond Ross A - - 2012
We argue that food and nutrition security is driven by complex underlying systems and that both research and policy in this area would benefit from a systems approach. We present a framework for such an approach, examine key underlying systems, and identify transdisciplinary modeling tools that may prove especially useful.
Makinen K - - 2012
Probiotics, defined as live microorganisms which when consumed in adequate amounts confer a health benefit on the host, are a common part of our daily diet. Since their conception in the early 20(th) century, the health benefit applications of probiotics have been expanding, culminating in the recent challenge of health ...
Chan J K Y - - 2012
The dietary intake of polybrominated diphenyl ether (PBDE) of local residents from 2 major electronic waste (e-waste) processing sites (Guiyu, Guangdong Province and Taizhou, Zhejiang Province) in China was investigated. Seventy-four food items were collected from these sites, divided into 9 food groups (freshwater fish, marine fish, shellfish, pork, poultry, ...
McVay Megan Apperson - - 2012
The study aim was to examine changes in food cue-elicited cravings and the macronutrient content of craved foods across menstrual cycle phases in a non-eating disordered sample. Thirty-five college females attended laboratory sessions in the late follicular and late luteal phases. In each session they completed a measure of state ...
O'Brien Sarah J - - 2012
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The purpose of this review is to provide an update on the public health impact of food-related illness in light of recent high-profile outbreaks and advances in the methodology to estimate illness burden. It includes mainly literature from high-income countries, as burden of illness estimations have been ...
Saastamoinen M - - 2012
Life history characteristics and resulting fitness consequences manifest not only in an individual experiencing environmental conditions but also in its offspring via trans-generational effects. We conducted a set of experiments to assess the direct and trans-generational effects of food deprivation in the Glanville fritillary butterfly Melitaea cinxia. Food availability was ...
Jeppesen Charlotte - - 2012
Aims: The purpose was to study the composition of the Inuit diet, to assess the adherence to nutritional recommendations among the Inuit in Greenland, and to discuss the potential role of traditional food in improving dietary quality. Methods: Cross-sectional study of adult Inuit (18+ years) from Greenland (n=2752, 43% men). ...
Bernstad A - - 2012
The aim of the present study was to investigate the efficiency in physical pretreatment processes of source-separated solid organic household waste. The investigation of seventeen Swedish full-scale pretreatment facilities, currently receiving separately collected food waste from household for subsequent anaerobic digestion, shows that problems with the quality of produced biomass ...
Qamaruz-Zaman N - - 2012
Research was conducted to determine suitable chemical parameters as indicators of odor from decomposing food wastes. Prepared food scraps were stored in 18l plastic buckets (2kg wet weight each) at 20°C and 8°C to reproduce high and low temperature conditions. After 1, 3, 7, 10 and 14days of storage, the ...
Sawkill S - - 2012
How to cite this article Sawkill S., Sparkes E. & Brown K. (2012) A thematic analysis of causes attributed to weight gain: a female slimmer's perspective. J Hum Nutr Diet. ABSTRACT: Background:  Obesity prevalence has shown a marked increase in recent years. Strategies designed to manage the trend are not ...
Cruz Rebeca - - 2012
Espresso spent coffee grounds were chemically characterized in order to predict its potential, namely as a source of bioactive compounds, while comparing with the ones from the soluble coffee industry. Sampling included a total of 50 samples from 14 trademarks, collected in several coffee shops and prepared with distinct coffee ...
Cordeiro Lorraine S - - 2012
Household food insecurity contributes to poor nutritional health, with negative consequences on growth and development during childhood. Although early childhood nutrition needs have received much attention, another important nutritional phase is adolescence. In a sample of 670 adolescents from Kilosa District, Tanzania, this study used 3 approaches to better understand ...
Oza-Frank Reena - - 2012
Sweetened beverages of low nutritional quality might be displacing more nutritious beverages, such as 100% fruit juice and milk, from children's diets. However, previous research has not examined changes in beverage intake over time using nationally representative longitudinal data. Our objective was to examine changes in sweetened beverage, milk, and ...
Cejudo-Bastante María Jesús - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Despite the long history of sherry wine vinegar, new alternatives of consumption are being developed, with the aim of diversifying its market. Several new acetic-based fruit juices have been developed by optimising the amount of sherry wine vinegar added to different fruit juices: apple, peach, orange and pineapple. Once ...
Toledano Rosa M - - 2012
BACKGROUND: As radiation-induced alterations of the lipid fraction of foods are related to their initial fat content, concentrations of fat degradation products used as irradiation markers are expected to be lower when irradiating low-fat-containing foods. Thus the sensitivity required when applying analytical methods for identifying irradiation markers in foods eventually ...
Jeffery Jennifer L - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Many techniques exist for processing fruits and vegetables. The impact of these processes on nutritional qualities of the food can be considerable, however. Given the benefits of eating raw foods, nutrient sources need to be identified that deliver substantial benefit without cooking. In this study a survey of carotenoid ...
Berthoud Hans-Rudolf - - 2012
The objective of this non-systematic review of the literature is to highlight some of the neural systems and pathways that are affected by the various intake-promoting aspects of the modern food environment and explore potential modes of interaction between core systems such as hypothalamus and brainstem primarily receptive to internal ...
Camp Kathryn M - - 2012
Medical foods and dietary supplements are used to treat rare inborn errors of metabolism (IEM) identified through state-based universal newborn screening. These products are regulated under Food and Drug Administration (FDA) food and dietary supplement statutes. The lack of harmony in terminology used to refer to medical foods and dietary ...
Petrovski Steve - - 2012
Food-grade agar can be used as a low cost substitute for bacteriological agar in the preparation of solid microbial media. No difference was observed in the colony morphology, growth rate, or viability of bacteria grown on solid media prepared using food-grade agar as compared to using bacteriological-grade agar. This simple ...
Chao Ying-Hsien - - 2012
The well-explored association between shame and bulimia is based on research with clinical samples, which limits its generalizability. Moreover, these correlational studies are unable to draw clear conclusions about causality. To fill this gap, we conducted two experimental studies to examine whether shame elicits a desire for food in nonclinical ...
Kim Y H - - 2012
Aims:  To develop a new instrument of great versatility for recovering microorganisms from all types of food samples and to compare the effects with existing sample preparation methods. Methods and Results:  To detach microorganisms from large size unbroken food samples such as apples, carrots, potatoes, and tomatoes without pre-processing, the ...
Forestell Catherine A - - 2012
The goal of the present study was to determine whether female participants demonstrated differential levels of attentional bias to high calorie foods when they were presented as distractors in a flanker task as a function of their cognitive restraint. This task consisted of four blocks of 68 trials in which ...
Gavassa Sat - - 2012
Vertebrates exposed to stressful conditions release glucocorticoids to sustain energy expenditure. In most species elevated glucocorticoids inhibit reproduction. However individuals with limited remaining reproductive opportunities cannot afford to forgo reproduction and should resist glucocorticoid-mediated inhibition of reproductive behavior. The electric fish Brachyhypopomus gauderio has a single breeding season in its ...
Luuk Hendrik - - 2012
The dorsomedial hypothalamic nucleus (DMH) has been proposed as a candidate for the neural substrate of a food-entrainable oscillator. The existence of a food-entrainable oscillator in the mammalian nervous system was inferred previously from restricted feeding-induced behavioral rhythmicity in rodents with suprachiasmatic nucleus lesions. In the present study, we have ...
< 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 >