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Kovacova Jana J a Department of Food Analysis and Nutrition , Institute of Chemical Technology , Prague , Czech - - 2014
Apples represent the main component of most fruit based baby food products. Since not only fruit from organic farming, but also conventionally grown fruit is used for baby food production, occurrence of pesticide residues in the final product is of high concern. To learn more about the fate of these ...
Komatsuda Mugiko M Department of Veterinary Physiology, Graduate School of Agricultural and Life Sciences, The University of - - 2014
Obesity is a major health problem, and increased food intake and decreased physical activity are considered as two major factors causing obesity. Previous studies show that voluntary exercise in a running wheel decreases not only body weight but also food intake of rats. We previously produced human growth hormone transgenic ...
Aziman Nurain N Faculty of Applied Sciences, Univ. Teknologi MARA, 40450, Shah Alam, Selangor, - - 2014
Preliminary phytochemical and flavonoid compounds of aqueous and ethanolic extracts of 6 aromatic Malaysian herbs were screened and quantified using Reverse-Phase High Performance Liquid Chromatography (RP-HPLC). The herbal extracts were tested for their antimicrobial activity against 10 food-borne pathogenic and food spoilage microorganisms using disk diffusion assay. The minimum inhibitory ...
Buscemi Joanna - - 2014
Objective: Behavioral economic theory predicts that reductions in consumption of highly valued commodities, such as drugs or palatable food items, are facilitated by increasing engagement in reinforcing substitutes. The current study prospectively examines changes in engagement in and enjoyment of food versus food-free activities during an 18-month behavioral weight loss ...
Melin Amanda D AD Department of Anthropology, Dartmouth College, 6047 Silsby Hall, Hanover, NH, USA; Department of Anthropology, Washington University, One Brookings Drive, St. Louis, MO 63130, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
The parallel evolution of increased sensorimotor intelligence in humans and capuchins has been linked to the cognitive and manual demands of seasonal extractive faunivory. This hypothesis is attractive on theoretical grounds, but it has eluded widespread acceptance due to lack of empirical data. For instance, the effects of seasonality on ...
Murugan Kasi K Dept. of Botany and Microbiology, College of Science, King Saud Univ, P.O. Box 2455, Riyadh, 11451, Saudi - - 2014
Mitigation of xerophilic storage fungi-associated aflatoxin threat in culinary oil will be a new technology advantage to food industries. Groundnut oil isolate Aspergillus flavus MTCC 10680 susceptibility to Allium species (A. sativum L., A. cepa L., and A. cepa var. aggregatum) extracts, composition, and in silico confirmation of extract's phytoconstituent ...
Yilmaz Cemile - - 2014
Melatonin is produced mainly by the pineal gland in vertebrates. Also, melatonin and its isomer are found in foods. Investigating the formation of melatonin and its isomer are of importance during bread dough fermentation and its degradation during baking since bread is widely consumed in high amounts. Formation of melatonin ...
Lee Rebecca E RE College of Nursing and Health Innovation, Arizona State University, Phoenix, AZ, USA. - - 2014
To compare restaurant marketing by restaurant and neighborhood type. All restaurants (61=fast food, FF; 72=table service, TS) within an 800-meter radius of 13 public housing developments (HD) and 4 comparison neighborhoods were audited using the Restaurant Assessment Tool©2010. HD neighborhoods were lower income and higher minority than comparison neighborhoods with ...
Brvar Nina - - 2014
Abstract Two randomized, single dose, 2-period, 2-sequence crossover studies were conducted to evaluate the comparative bioavailability of two clopidogrel formulations under fasting and fed conditions. Assessment of bioequivalence was based upon measurement of plasma concentrations of the parent drug, clopidogrel, and its major (inactive) metabolite, clopidogrel carboxylic acid, using improved ...
Yang Xiaoguang X Department of Chemical and Biological Engineering, Korea University, 5 Ga, Anam-dong, Sungbuk-Gu, Seoul 136-701, Republic of - - 2014
Instant noodle waste, one of the main residues of the modern food industry, was employed as feedstock to convert to valuable biofuels. After isolation of used oil from the instant noodle waste surface, the starch residue was converted to bioethanol by Saccharomyces cerevisiae K35 with simultaneous saccharification and fermentation (SSF). ...
Chandrasekhar K K Bioengineering and Environmental Centre (BEEC), CSIR-Indian Institute of Chemical Technology (CSIR-IICT), Hyderabad 500 007, - - 2014
A novel bio-electrohydrolysis system (BEH) based on self-inducing electrogenic activity was designed as pretreatment device to enhance biohydrogen (H2) production efficiency from food waste. Two-stage hybrid operation with hydrolysis in the initial stage and acidogenic fermentation of the resulting hydrolysate (after hydrolysis) for H2 production in the second stage was ...
Mayer Marcos A MA CESIM Foundation, Santa Rosa, La Pampa, Argentina. - - 2014
A nutraceutical product composed of a combination of Garcinia cambogia, l-carnitine and a seaweed extract of Ascophyllum nodosum has been recently developed. The aim of the present study was to characterize its effects on subjective satiety sensations and food preferences in healthy volunteers. In a crossover design, 28 subjects (21 ...
Vergara Cristina C Departamento de Ciencia de los Alimentos y Tecnología Química, Facultad de Ciencias Químicas y Farmacéuticas, Casilla 133, Universidad de Chile, Santiago, - - 2014
Pulp (CP) and ultrafiltered (UF) cactus pear extracts were encapsulated with Capsul (C) by applying a central composite design (CP-C and UF-C systems) by spray-drying. To evaluate the effect of the extract, microparticles obtained under optimal conditions were characterised and stored at 60°C. Betacyanin and betaxanthin encapsulation efficiency reached values ...
Owamah H I HI Civil Engineering Department, Landmark University, P.M.B. 1001, Omu-Aran, Kwara State, Nigeria. Electronic address: - - 2014
This research was aimed at assessing the fertilizer quality and public health implications of using digestate biofertilizer from the anaerobic digestion of food wastes and human excreta. Twelve (12) kg of food wastes and 3kg of human excreta were mixed with water in a 1:1 w/v to make 30-l slurry ...
Romano Annalisa A Centre for Food Innovation and Development in the Food Industry, University of Naples Federico II, Via Università, 100, 80055, Portici, Naples, - - 2014
Consumers' demand for innovative probiotic products has recently increased. In previous studies, chestnuts were evaluated as substrate for the growth of lactobacilli and chestnut extract was found to enhance acid tolerance of probiotic strains. The main objectives of the present study were to evaluate the suitability of chestnut extract as ...
Gou Chengliu C College of Environmental Science and Engineering, Hunan University, Changsha 410082, PR China; Key Laboratory of Environmental Biology and Pollution Control, Hunan University, Ministry of Education, Changsha 410082, PR - - 2014
Anaerobic co-digestion of waste activated sludge and food waste was investigated semi-continuously using continuously stirred tank reactors. Results showed that the performance of co-digestion system was distinctly influenced by temperature and organic loading rate (OLR) in terms of gas production rate (GPR), methane yield, volatile solids (VS) removal efficiency and ...
Yasutomi Motoko M Department of Pediatrics, Faculty of Medical Sciences, University of Fukui, Fukui, - - 2014
Described herein is the case of an 8-month-old girl with atypical food protein-induced enterocolitis syndrome due to rice. She presented with vomiting and poor general activity 2 h after ingestion of boiled rice. Oral food challenge test using high-pressure retort-processed rice was negative, but re-exposure to boiled rice elicited gastrointestinal symptoms. ...
Horsley Jason A JA 1 School of Health and Related Research, University of Sheffield, Regent Court, 30 Regent Street, Sheffield S1 4DA, - - 2014
To investigate the proportion of foods that are unhealthy to which children are exposed at the checkout of convenience supermarkets. We performed a cross-sectional survey of foodstuffs displayed at the checkout. Products displayed at or below children's eye-level were designated as healthy, unhealthy or unclassifiable using the Food Standards Agency's ...
Gundala Sushma R SR Department of Biology, Georgia State University, Atlanta, - - 2014
Phytochemical complexity of plant-foods confers health-promoting benefits including chemopreventive and anticancer effects. Isolating single constituents from complex foods may render them inactive, emphasizing the importance of preserving the natural composition of whole extracts. Recently, we demonstrated in vitro synergy among the most-abundant bioactive constituents of ginger extract (GE), viz., 6-gingerol ...
Jung Ji Young JY Department of Life Science, Chung-Ang University, 84, HeukSeok-Ro, Dongjak-Gu, Seoul, 156-756, Republic of - - 2014
Kimchi, a traditional Korean food made by the fermentation of vegetables, has become popular globally because of its organoleptic, beneficial, and nutritional properties. Spontaneous kimchi fermentation in unsterilized raw materials leads to the growth of various lactic acid bacteria (LAB), which results in variations in the taste and sensory qualities ...
Cerrillo Isabel - - 2014
Orange juice is considered a rich source of carotenoids which are thought to have diverse biological functions. In recent years, fermentation process has been carried out in fruits resulting products which provide higher concentration of bioactive compounds than their original substrates. The aim of this study was to evaluate the ...
Pappalardo Francesco F Science and Technology Park of Sicily, Blocco Palma I stradale V. Lancia 57, 95123, Catania, - - 2014
Glycerol is an effective carbon source for the production of scl- and mcl-polyhydroxyalkanoates (PHAs) by Pseudomonas spp. P. mediterranea 9.1 (CFBP 5447) synthesizes an amorphous mcl-PHA when grown on crude glycerol, whereas on both reagent grade (RG) and partially refined (PR) glycerol, it produces two very similar distinctive mcl-PHAs with ...
Park Eunyoung E Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Dental Research Institute, Seoul National University School of Dentistry, Seoul, 110-768, - - 2014
This study was conducted to examine the behavioral consequences of unlimited consumption of highly palatable food and investigate its underlying neural mechanisms. Male Sprague-Dawley rats had free access to chocolate cookie rich in fat (highly palatable food) in addition to ad libitum chow and the control group received chow only. ...
Martinez-Avila G C G - - 2014
Agro-industrial by-products are important sources of potent bioactive phenolic compounds. These compounds are of extreme relevance for food and pharmacological industries due to their great variety of biological activities. Fermentation represents an environmentally clean technology for production and extraction of these bioactive compounds, providing high quality and high activity extracts, ...
Matsakas Leonidas - - 2014
Environmental issues and shortage of fossil fuels have turned the public interest to the utilization of renewable, environmentally friendly fuels, such as ethanol. In order to minimize the competition between fuels and food production, researchers are focusing their efforts to the utilization of wastes and by-products as raw materials for ...
Dahiya Pradeep K PK a Center of Food Science and Technology and Department of Foods and Nutrition , CCS Haryana Agricultural University , Hisar , Haryana , - - 2014
Consumption habits for mung bean foods were assessed by the free word association method and interview techniques. Four groups of closely related products and perceived quality were revealed. The largest group comprised sweets and snacks, which were associated with unhealthiness, expensiveness and sensory liking. Another group consisted of split dhals ...
La Vieille Sébastien S Director General's Office, Food Directorate, Health Canada, 251 Sir Frederick Banting Driveway, Ottawa, ON K1A 0K9, Canada. - - 2014
Avoiding exposure to gluten is currently the only effective treatment for celiac disease. However, the evidence suggests that for most affected individuals, exposure to less than 10 mg/day is unlikely to cause histological changes to the intestinal mucosa. The daily diet of people with celiac disease does not rely solely ...
- - 2014
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0085497.].
Du Ran R Institute of Nuclear and New Energy Technology, Tsinghua University, Beijing, - - 2014
The rising demand for bioethanol, the most common alternative to petroleum-derived fuel used worldwide, has encouraged a feedstock shift to non-food crops to reduce the competition for resources between food and energy production. Sweet sorghum has become one of the most promising non-food energy crops because of its high output ...
Yang Baoru - - 2013
Abstract Fruits of emblic leafflower have been used as food and traditional medicine in Asia. A wide range of biological activities have been shown in modern research suggesting potential of the fruits as healthy food and raw material for bioactive ingredients of food. Hydrolyzable tannins are among the major bioactive ...
Campos D D CBQF/Escola Superior Biotecnologia, Universidade Católica Portuguesa, Porto, - - 2013
Food contamination and spoilage is a problem causing growing concern. To avoid this, the use of food packaging with appropriate characteristics is essential; ideally, the packaging should protect food from external contamination, and exhibit antibacterial properties. With this aim, methylcellulose (MC) films containing natural extracts from the stems of Ginja ...
Sadaf Ayesha A Department of Chemistry, Indian Institute of Technology, New Delhi 110016, - - 2013
De-oiled Jatropha curcas seed cake, a plentiful by-product of biodiesel industry was used as substrate for the production of a useful xylanase from Sporotrichum thermophile in solid state fermentation. Under the optimized conditions, 1025U xylanase/g (deoiled seed cake) was produced. The xylanase exhibited half life of 4h at 45°C and ...
Xiang Zuofu Z College of Life Science and Technology, Central South University of Forestry and Technology, Changsha, Hunan, China; Key Lab of Animal Ecology and Conservation Biology, Institute of Zoology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, - - 2013
Extractive foraging (EF) involves the exploitation of hidden or embedded foods, generally any food that is not visible to the naked eye. Therefore, EF is particularly important for survival in marginal habitats as it provides seasonal fallback foods in low food availability seasons. Although many studies consider primates' EF behavior ...
Xu Suyun - - 2013
Micro-aeration is known to promote the activities of hydrolytic exo-enzymes and used as a strategy to improve the hydrolysis of particulate substrate. The effect of different micro-aeration rates, 0, 129, 258, and 387L-air/kg TS/d (denoted as LBR-AN, LBR-6h, LBR-3h and LBR-2h, respectively) on the solubilization of food waste was evaluated ...
Morlock Gertrud E GE Chair of Food Science, Institute of Nutritional Science, Justus Liebig University Giessen, Heinrich-Buff-Ring 26-32, 35392 Giessen, Germany. Electronic address: - - 2013
Functional food for lactose-intolerant consumers and its global prevalence has created a large market for commercially available lactose-free food products. The simplest approach for detection and quantitation of lactose in lactose-free dairy products was developed. A one-step sample preparation was employed and the resulting 10% sample solution was directly subjected ...
Carrizo Daniel - - 2013
A formula including green tea extract (GTE) was developed as an active food packaging material. This formula was molded to obtain an independent component/device with antioxidant properties, that could be easily coupled to industrial degassing valves for food packaging in special cases. GTE components (i.e., gallic acid, catechins and caffeine) ...
Wong Dana E - - 2013
Active packaging, in which active agents are embedded into or on the surface of food packaging materials, can enhance the nutritive value, economics, and stability of food, as well as enable in-package processing. In one embodiment of active food packaging, lactase was covalently immobilized onto packaging films for in-package lactose ...
Bolarinwa Islamiyat F IF School of Food Science & Nutrition, University of Leeds, Leeds LS2 9JT, United Kingdom; Department of Food Science & Engineering, Ladoke Akintola University of Technology, PMB 4000, Ogbomoso, - - 2014
Cyanogenic glycosides are a large group of secondary metabolites that are widely distributed in the plant kingdom, including many plants that are commonly consumed by humans. The diverse chemical nature of cyanogenic glycosides means that extraction and analysis of individual compounds can be difficult. In addition, degradation can be rapid ...
Lien Nanna - - 2013
The aim of this study was to explore subgroup effects by high and low socioeconomic position (SEP) of three previously conducted, effective European interventions. Reanalyses stratified by SEP were conducted by the research groups of each study. All studies were school-based: two multi-component interventions targeting intake of fat or fruit ...
Wang Chung-Yi - - 2013
The effects of fermentation by 2 food-grade bacteria (Bacillus subtilis and Lactobacillus plantarum) on antioxidant activities and the contents of phenolics and flavonoids in 4 cereals (specifically adlay, chestnut, lotus seed, and walnut) were determined and compared with those of their non-fermented counterparts. Results showed that antioxidant properties observed in ...
Tobin Brian D BD School of Food and Nutritional Sciences, University College Cork, - - 2014
The use of CoQ10 fortification in the production of a functional food has been demonstrated in the past but primarily for dairy products. This study aimed to determine the bio-accessibility of CoQ10 in processed meat products, beef patties and pork breakfast sausages, fortified with CoQ10. Both the patties and sausages ...
Berenjian Aydin - - 2013
A nutritional food rich in menaquinone-7 has a potential in preventing osteoporosis and cardiovascular diseases. The static fermentation of Bacillus subtilis natto is widely regarded as an optimum process for menaquinone-7 production. The major issues for the bulk production of menaquinone-7 are the low fermentation yield, biofilm formation and the ...
Durante Miriana - - 2014
In this work a process for obtaining high vitamin E and carotenoid yields by supercritical carbon dioxide (SC-CO2) extraction from pumpkin (Cucurbita moschata Duch.) is described. The results show that the use of a vacuum oven-dried [residual moisture (∼8%)] and milled (70mesh sieve) pumpkin flesh matrix increased SC-CO2 extraction yields ...
Bianco Armandodoriano - - 2013
The purity of solvents used in medical, herbal and food products is an essential prerequisite. This communication is focused on the possible occurrence of phthalates contaminant derived from the utilisation of plastic containers for solvents instead of glass containers. The contamination must be detected also in the derived marketed extracts, ...
De Mey Eveline - - 2013
Regarding food borne intoxications, the accumulation of biogenic amines must be avoided in all kinds of food products. Moreover, biogenic amines can function as precursors for the formation of carcinogenic N-nitrosamines when nitrite is present. To estimate the food safety of the dry fermented sausages available on the Belgian market, ...
Emrich Teri E - - 2013
Concern has been raised that the coexistence of multiple front-of-pack (FOP) nutrition rating systems in a marketplace may mislead consumers into believing that a specific food with a FOP is 'healthier' than foods without the symbol. Eleven summary indicator FOP systems are in use in Canada, including one non-profit developed ...
StarzyƄska-Janiszewska Anna - - 2013
Tempeh is a traditional Indonesian food of high nutritional quality, obtained due to fungal fermentation of dehulled, soaked and cooked legumes. The aim of the research was to study the effect of Lactobacillus plantarum DSM 20174 activity on selected parameters of tempeh made from unhulled seeds of common bean (Phaseolus ...
Ross Alastair B - - 2014
Betaine and its precursor choline are important components of one-carbon metabolism, remethylating homocysteine into methionine and providing methyl groups for DNA methylation. Cereals are the main source of betaine in the diet, though there is little literature available on the content of betaine in cereal products, nor on betaine intake ...
Zhang Liang - - 2013
Monascus pigments, which are produced by various species of Monascus, often have been used as a natural colourant and as traditional natural food additives, especially in Southern China, Japan and Southeastern Asia. The limitation of wide using Monascus pigment is attributed to one of its secondary metabolites named citrinin. The ...
Ezhilarasi P N - - 2013
(-)-Hydroxycitric acid (HCA) is the major acid present in the fruit rinds of certain species of Garcinia. HCA has been reported to have several health benefits. As HCA is highly hygroscopic in nature and thermally sensitive, it is difficult to incorporate in food stuffs. Hence, Garcinia cowa fruit extract was ...
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