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La Sorte Frank A FA Cornell Laboratory of Ornithology, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY 14850, USA - - 2014
Migration is a common strategy used by birds that breed in seasonal environments. The patterns and determinants of migration routes, however, remain poorly understood. Recent empirical analyses have demonstrated that the locations of two North America migration flyways (eastern and western) shift seasonally, reflecting the influence of looped migration strategies. ...
Esatbeyoglu Tuba T Institute of Human Nutrition and Food Science, University of Kiel, - - 2014
Betalains are water-soluble nitrogen-containing pigments which are subdivided in red-violet betacyanins and yellow-orange betaxanthins. Due to glycosylation and acylation betalains exhibit a huge structural diversity. Betanin (betanidin-5-O-β-glucoside) is the most common betacyanin in the plant kingdom. According to the regulation on food additives betanin is permitted quantum satis as a ...
Ficco Donatella B M DB Consiglio per la Ricerca e la sperimentazione in Agricoltura - Centro di Ricerca per la Cerealicoltura (CRA-CER), S.S. 673, Km 25,200, 71122 Foggia, - - 2014
Renewed interest in breeding for high anthocyanins in wheat (Triticum ssp.) is due to their antioxidant potential. A collection of different pigmented wheats was used to investigate the stability of anthocyanins over three crop years. The data show higher anthocyanins in blue-aleurone bread wheat (Triticum aestivum L.), followed by purple- ...
Shi Rong - - 2014
Food-grade organogels are semi-solid systems with immobilized liquid edible oil in three-dimensional network of self-assembled gelators, and they are supposed to have a broad range of potential applications in food industries. In this work, an edible organogel with tea polyphenols was developed, which possesses a high-effective antioxidative function. In order ...
Cheng Zhang Z Consortium on Health, Environment, Education and Research (CHEER), and Department of Science and Environmental Studies, Hong Kong Institute of Education, Tai Po, Hong Kong, China; College of Resources and Environment, Sichuan Agricultural University, Chengdu, - - 2014
The present study used food waste (collected from local hotels and restaurants) feed pellets in polyculture of low-trophic level fish [bighead (Aristichtys nobilis), grass carp (Ctenopharyngodon idellus), and mud carp (Cirrhina molitorella)] aiming at producing safe and quality products for local consumption. The results indicated that grass carp (hexachlorocyclohexanes (HCHs) ...
Liao Xiaofeng X School of Environmental Science and Engineering, Huazhong University of Science & Technology, Wuhan 430074, - - 2014
In order to investigate the effect of raw leachate on anaerobic digestion of food waste, co-digestions of food waste with raw leachate were carried out. A series of single-phase batch mesophilic (35±1°C) anaerobic digestions were performed at a food waste concentration of 41.8gVS/L. The results showed that inhibition of biogas ...
Yang Jun-Peng - - 2014
Bamboo leaf extract as a food additive has been used for preventing the oxidation of food. In the present study, we investigated the influence of Phyllostachys edulis leaf extract on starch digestion. Orientin, isoorientin, vitexin, isovitexin were determined as its α-amylase inhibitory constituents. Inhibitory kinetics experiment demonstrated that they competitively ...
Imam T H TH Department of Nephrology, Kaiser Permanente, 9961 Sierra Ave, Fontana, CA 92335, - - 2014
Alcoholism is a major problem globally and beer drinking is on the rise. Many of the alcoholics sustain only on beer for days and do not get adequate solutes in the form of food. Similar situation can arise in cases of decreased food intake due to severe deliberate restriction or ...
Miranda-Bermudez Enio - - 2014
Color additives are dyes, pigments, or other substances that can impart color when added or applied to foods, drugs, cosmetics, medical devices, or the human body. These substances must be pre-approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) and listed in the Code of Federal Regulations before they may ...
Bokulich Nicholas A NA Department of Viticulture and Enology Department of Food Science and Technology Foods for Health Institute, University of California, Davis, CA - - 2014
Sake (Japanese rice wine) production is a complex, multistage process in which fermentation is performed by a succession of mixed fungi and bacteria. This study employed high-throughput marker-gene sequencing, quantitative PCR, and terminal restriction fragment length polymorphism to characterize the bacterial and fungal communities of spontaneous sake production from koji ...
Francavilla R R Interdisciplinary Department of Medicine-Pediatric Section, University of Bari, - - 2014
Gluten-free diet is the cornerstone treatment for celiac disease. This diet excludes the protein gluten a protein forum in in grains such as wheat, barley, rye and triticale. Gluten causes small intestines inflammation in patients with celiac disease and eating a gluten-free diet helps these patients in controlling signs and ...
Laothanachareon Thanaporn T Enzyme Technology Laboratory, Bioresources Technology Unit, National Center for Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology, Thailand Science Park, Khlong Luang, Pathum Thani 12120, - - 2014
Dark fermentation is an attractive process for generation of biohydrogen, which involves complex microbial processes on decomposition of organic wastes and subsequent conversion of metabolic intermediates to hydrogen. The microbes present in an upflow anaerobic sludge blanket (UASB) reactor for waste water treatment were tested for application in batch dark ...
Korhola Matti M Department of Biosciences, University of Helsinki, P.O. Box 56 (Viikinkaari 9), FIN-00014, - - 2014
The focus of the research was to identify yeasts from barley kernels in order to study their folate production capability while maintaining high viscosity caused by soluble fibres in oat bran fermentation. The 65 isolated yeasts were characterized by API carbohydrate utilization tests, and assays for extracellular enzyme activities: amylase, ...
Bezerra Ilana Nogueira IN 1Health Science Center, Faculty of Nutrition,University of Fortaleza (UNIFOR),Avenida Washington Soares 1321,sala C07,Coordenação de - - 2014
To evaluate the association between eating away from home and BMI and to examine whether dietary intake differs based on the consumption of away-from-home food (AFHF). Data were obtained from the first Brazilian National Dietary Survey, using food records. The association between the percentage of energy provided by foods consumed ...
Tongnuanchan Phakawat P Dept. of Food Technology, Faculty of Agro-Industry, Prince of Songkla Univ, 15 Kanchanawanish Road, Hat Yai, Songkhla, 90112, - - 2014
Essential oils are concentrated liquids of complex mixtures of volatile compounds and can be extracted from several plant organs. Essential oils are a good source of several bioactive compounds, which possess antioxidative and antimicrobial properties. In addition, some essential oils have been used as medicine. Furthermore, the uses of essential ...
Ibrügger Sabine S Department of Nutrition, Exercise and Sports, Faculty of Science, University of Copenhagen, Denmark. Electronic address: - - 2014
Wholegrain rye has been associated with decreased hunger sensations. This may be partly mediated by colonic fermentation. Sustained consumption of fermentable components is known to change the gut microflora and may increase numbers of saccharolytic bacteria. To investigate the effect of wholegrain rye consumption on appetite and colonic fermentation after ...
da Silva Anna Carolina AC Unidade Acadêmica de Garanhuns, Universidade Federal Rural de Pernambuco, Av. Bom Pastor, s/n, Boa Vista, CEP 55.292-270, Garanhuns, PE, - - 2014
Of the many reported applications for xylanase, its use as a food supplement has played an important role for monogastric animals, because it can improve the utilisation of nutrients. The aim of this work was to produce xylanase by extractive fermentation in an aqueous two-phase system using Aspergillus tamarii URM ...
Aguilar Núria N Departament de Ciència Animal i dels Aliments, Centre Especial de Recerca Planta de Tecnologia dels Aliments (CERPTA), CeRTA, XiT, Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona, Bellaterra, - - 2014
Tiger nut is a tuber used to produce tiger nut milk that yields a high quantity of solid waste, which can be dried and used as fiber source. The objective of this paper was to evaluate the quality of gluten-free bread formulated with different tiger nut-derived products in order to ...
Papetti Adele A Department of Drug Sciences, University of Pavia, Viale Taramelli 12, 27100 Pavia, Italy. Electronic address: - - 2014
α-Dicarbonyl (α-DC) compounds were characterised in roasted (coffee, barley coffee) and in fermented (soy sauce) food matrices. Glyoxal (GO), methylglyoxal (MGO), diacetyl (DA) and 3-deoxyglucosone (3-DG) were found in all samples, and hydroxypyruvaldehyde and 5-hydroxypentane-2,3-dione in barley and soy. Cis and trans 3,4-dideoxyglucosone-3-ene (3,4-DGE) isomers and 4-glucosyl-5,6-dihydroxy-2-oxohexanal (4-G,3-DG) were found ...
Domínguez-Perles R R Centre for the Research and Technology for Agro-Environment and Biological Sciences, Universidade de Trás-os-Montes e Alto Douro (CITAB/UTAD), 5001-801 Vila Real, Portugal. Electronic address: - - 2014
A Box-Behnken design of Response Surface Methodology (RSM) was conducted to analyse the effect of time (10-30min), temperature (25-95°C), and solvents concentration (5-90%) on the extraction of total phenolics, flavonoids, ortho-diphenols, and anthocyanins as well as to assess the ABTS(+) scavenging capacity, which were considered as response variables. Values coefficients ...
Walker Leila K LK Department of Zoology, University of Cambridge , Downing Street, Cambridge CB2 3EJ , UK , ; Institute of Zoology, Zoological Society of London , Regent's Park, London NW1 4RY , UK - - 2014
Dietary access to carotenoids is expected to determine the strength of carotenoid-based signal expression and potentially to maintain signal honesty. Species that display carotenoid-based yellow, orange, or red plumage are therefore expected to forage selectively for carotenoid-rich foods when they are depositing these pigments during molt, but whether they actually ...
Morishita Naoki N Nippon Meat Packers. Inc., 3-3 Midorigahara, Tsukuba, Ibaraki, 300-2646, - - 2014
Soybean is used in processed foods worldwide. Because soybean can cause adverse reactions in some atopic patients, appropriate labeling regarding its content in processed foods is needed to better protect consumers. In the previous study, we developed a reliable sandwich Enzyme Linked Immunosorbent Assay (ELISA) method with high sensitivity and ...
Kovacova Jana J a Department of Food Analysis and Nutrition , Institute of Chemical Technology , Prague , Czech - - 2014
Apples represent the main component of most fruit based baby food products. Since not only fruit from organic farming, but also conventionally grown fruit is used for baby food production, occurrence of pesticide residues in the final product is of high concern. To learn more about the fate of these ...
Komatsuda Mugiko M Department of Veterinary Physiology, Graduate School of Agricultural and Life Sciences, The University of - - 2014
Obesity is a major health problem, and increased food intake and decreased physical activity are considered as two major factors causing obesity. Previous studies show that voluntary exercise in a running wheel decreases not only body weight but also food intake of rats. We previously produced human growth hormone transgenic ...
Aziman Nurain N Faculty of Applied Sciences, Univ. Teknologi MARA, 40450, Shah Alam, Selangor, - - 2014
Preliminary phytochemical and flavonoid compounds of aqueous and ethanolic extracts of 6 aromatic Malaysian herbs were screened and quantified using Reverse-Phase High Performance Liquid Chromatography (RP-HPLC). The herbal extracts were tested for their antimicrobial activity against 10 food-borne pathogenic and food spoilage microorganisms using disk diffusion assay. The minimum inhibitory ...
Buscemi Joanna - - 2014
Objective: Behavioral economic theory predicts that reductions in consumption of highly valued commodities, such as drugs or palatable food items, are facilitated by increasing engagement in reinforcing substitutes. The current study prospectively examines changes in engagement in and enjoyment of food versus food-free activities during an 18-month behavioral weight loss ...
Melin Amanda D AD Department of Anthropology, Dartmouth College, 6047 Silsby Hall, Hanover, NH, USA; Department of Anthropology, Washington University, One Brookings Drive, St. Louis, MO 63130, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
The parallel evolution of increased sensorimotor intelligence in humans and capuchins has been linked to the cognitive and manual demands of seasonal extractive faunivory. This hypothesis is attractive on theoretical grounds, but it has eluded widespread acceptance due to lack of empirical data. For instance, the effects of seasonality on ...
Murugan Kasi K Dept. of Botany and Microbiology, College of Science, King Saud Univ, P.O. Box 2455, Riyadh, 11451, Saudi - - 2014
Mitigation of xerophilic storage fungi-associated aflatoxin threat in culinary oil will be a new technology advantage to food industries. Groundnut oil isolate Aspergillus flavus MTCC 10680 susceptibility to Allium species (A. sativum L., A. cepa L., and A. cepa var. aggregatum) extracts, composition, and in silico confirmation of extract's phytoconstituent ...
Yilmaz Cemile - - 2014
Melatonin is produced mainly by the pineal gland in vertebrates. Also, melatonin and its isomer are found in foods. Investigating the formation of melatonin and its isomer are of importance during bread dough fermentation and its degradation during baking since bread is widely consumed in high amounts. Formation of melatonin ...
Lee Rebecca E RE College of Nursing and Health Innovation, Arizona State University, Phoenix, AZ, USA. - - 2014
To compare restaurant marketing by restaurant and neighborhood type. All restaurants (61=fast food, FF; 72=table service, TS) within an 800-meter radius of 13 public housing developments (HD) and 4 comparison neighborhoods were audited using the Restaurant Assessment Tool©2010. HD neighborhoods were lower income and higher minority than comparison neighborhoods with ...
Brvar Nina - - 2014
Abstract Two randomized, single dose, 2-period, 2-sequence crossover studies were conducted to evaluate the comparative bioavailability of two clopidogrel formulations under fasting and fed conditions. Assessment of bioequivalence was based upon measurement of plasma concentrations of the parent drug, clopidogrel, and its major (inactive) metabolite, clopidogrel carboxylic acid, using improved ...
Yang Xiaoguang X Department of Chemical and Biological Engineering, Korea University, 5 Ga, Anam-dong, Sungbuk-Gu, Seoul 136-701, Republic of - - 2014
Instant noodle waste, one of the main residues of the modern food industry, was employed as feedstock to convert to valuable biofuels. After isolation of used oil from the instant noodle waste surface, the starch residue was converted to bioethanol by Saccharomyces cerevisiae K35 with simultaneous saccharification and fermentation (SSF). ...
Chandrasekhar K K Bioengineering and Environmental Centre (BEEC), CSIR-Indian Institute of Chemical Technology (CSIR-IICT), Hyderabad 500 007, - - 2014
A novel bio-electrohydrolysis system (BEH) based on self-inducing electrogenic activity was designed as pretreatment device to enhance biohydrogen (H2) production efficiency from food waste. Two-stage hybrid operation with hydrolysis in the initial stage and acidogenic fermentation of the resulting hydrolysate (after hydrolysis) for H2 production in the second stage was ...
Mayer Marcos A MA CESIM Foundation, Santa Rosa, La Pampa, Argentina. - - 2014
A nutraceutical product composed of a combination of Garcinia cambogia, l-carnitine and a seaweed extract of Ascophyllum nodosum has been recently developed. The aim of the present study was to characterize its effects on subjective satiety sensations and food preferences in healthy volunteers. In a crossover design, 28 subjects (21 ...
Vergara Cristina C Departamento de Ciencia de los Alimentos y Tecnología Química, Facultad de Ciencias Químicas y Farmacéuticas, Casilla 133, Universidad de Chile, Santiago, - - 2014
Pulp (CP) and ultrafiltered (UF) cactus pear extracts were encapsulated with Capsul (C) by applying a central composite design (CP-C and UF-C systems) by spray-drying. To evaluate the effect of the extract, microparticles obtained under optimal conditions were characterised and stored at 60°C. Betacyanin and betaxanthin encapsulation efficiency reached values ...
Owamah H I HI Civil Engineering Department, Landmark University, P.M.B. 1001, Omu-Aran, Kwara State, Nigeria. Electronic address: - - 2014
This research was aimed at assessing the fertilizer quality and public health implications of using digestate biofertilizer from the anaerobic digestion of food wastes and human excreta. Twelve (12) kg of food wastes and 3kg of human excreta were mixed with water in a 1:1 w/v to make 30-l slurry ...
Romano Annalisa A Centre for Food Innovation and Development in the Food Industry, University of Naples Federico II, Via Università, 100, 80055, Portici, Naples, - - 2014
Consumers' demand for innovative probiotic products has recently increased. In previous studies, chestnuts were evaluated as substrate for the growth of lactobacilli and chestnut extract was found to enhance acid tolerance of probiotic strains. The main objectives of the present study were to evaluate the suitability of chestnut extract as ...
Gou Chengliu C College of Environmental Science and Engineering, Hunan University, Changsha 410082, PR China; Key Laboratory of Environmental Biology and Pollution Control, Hunan University, Ministry of Education, Changsha 410082, PR - - 2014
Anaerobic co-digestion of waste activated sludge and food waste was investigated semi-continuously using continuously stirred tank reactors. Results showed that the performance of co-digestion system was distinctly influenced by temperature and organic loading rate (OLR) in terms of gas production rate (GPR), methane yield, volatile solids (VS) removal efficiency and ...
Yasutomi Motoko M Department of Pediatrics, Faculty of Medical Sciences, University of Fukui, Fukui, - - 2014
Described herein is the case of an 8-month-old girl with atypical food protein-induced enterocolitis syndrome due to rice. She presented with vomiting and poor general activity 2 h after ingestion of boiled rice. Oral food challenge test using high-pressure retort-processed rice was negative, but re-exposure to boiled rice elicited gastrointestinal symptoms. ...
Horsley Jason A JA 1 School of Health and Related Research, University of Sheffield, Regent Court, 30 Regent Street, Sheffield S1 4DA, - - 2014
To investigate the proportion of foods that are unhealthy to which children are exposed at the checkout of convenience supermarkets. We performed a cross-sectional survey of foodstuffs displayed at the checkout. Products displayed at or below children's eye-level were designated as healthy, unhealthy or unclassifiable using the Food Standards Agency's ...
Gundala Sushma R SR Department of Biology, Georgia State University, Atlanta, - - 2014
Phytochemical complexity of plant-foods confers health-promoting benefits including chemopreventive and anticancer effects. Isolating single constituents from complex foods may render them inactive, emphasizing the importance of preserving the natural composition of whole extracts. Recently, we demonstrated in vitro synergy among the most-abundant bioactive constituents of ginger extract (GE), viz., 6-gingerol ...
Jung Ji Young JY Department of Life Science, Chung-Ang University, 84, HeukSeok-Ro, Dongjak-Gu, Seoul, 156-756, Republic of - - 2014
Kimchi, a traditional Korean food made by the fermentation of vegetables, has become popular globally because of its organoleptic, beneficial, and nutritional properties. Spontaneous kimchi fermentation in unsterilized raw materials leads to the growth of various lactic acid bacteria (LAB), which results in variations in the taste and sensory qualities ...
Cerrillo Isabel - - 2014
Orange juice is considered a rich source of carotenoids which are thought to have diverse biological functions. In recent years, fermentation process has been carried out in fruits resulting products which provide higher concentration of bioactive compounds than their original substrates. The aim of this study was to evaluate the ...
Pappalardo Francesco F Science and Technology Park of Sicily, Blocco Palma I stradale V. Lancia 57, 95123, Catania, - - 2014
Glycerol is an effective carbon source for the production of scl- and mcl-polyhydroxyalkanoates (PHAs) by Pseudomonas spp. P. mediterranea 9.1 (CFBP 5447) synthesizes an amorphous mcl-PHA when grown on crude glycerol, whereas on both reagent grade (RG) and partially refined (PR) glycerol, it produces two very similar distinctive mcl-PHAs with ...
Park Eunyoung E Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Dental Research Institute, Seoul National University School of Dentistry, Seoul, 110-768, - - 2014
This study was conducted to examine the behavioral consequences of unlimited consumption of highly palatable food and investigate its underlying neural mechanisms. Male Sprague-Dawley rats had free access to chocolate cookie rich in fat (highly palatable food) in addition to ad libitum chow and the control group received chow only. ...
Martinez-Avila G C G - - 2014
Agro-industrial by-products are important sources of potent bioactive phenolic compounds. These compounds are of extreme relevance for food and pharmacological industries due to their great variety of biological activities. Fermentation represents an environmentally clean technology for production and extraction of these bioactive compounds, providing high quality and high activity extracts, ...
Matsakas Leonidas - - 2014
Environmental issues and shortage of fossil fuels have turned the public interest to the utilization of renewable, environmentally friendly fuels, such as ethanol. In order to minimize the competition between fuels and food production, researchers are focusing their efforts to the utilization of wastes and by-products as raw materials for ...
Dahiya Pradeep K PK a Center of Food Science and Technology and Department of Foods and Nutrition , CCS Haryana Agricultural University , Hisar , Haryana , - - 2014
Consumption habits for mung bean foods were assessed by the free word association method and interview techniques. Four groups of closely related products and perceived quality were revealed. The largest group comprised sweets and snacks, which were associated with unhealthiness, expensiveness and sensory liking. Another group consisted of split dhals ...
La Vieille Sébastien S Director General's Office, Food Directorate, Health Canada, 251 Sir Frederick Banting Driveway, Ottawa, ON K1A 0K9, Canada. - - 2014
Avoiding exposure to gluten is currently the only effective treatment for celiac disease. However, the evidence suggests that for most affected individuals, exposure to less than 10 mg/day is unlikely to cause histological changes to the intestinal mucosa. The daily diet of people with celiac disease does not rely solely ...
Du Ran R Institute of Nuclear and New Energy Technology, Tsinghua University, Beijing, - - 2014
The rising demand for bioethanol, the most common alternative to petroleum-derived fuel used worldwide, has encouraged a feedstock shift to non-food crops to reduce the competition for resources between food and energy production. Sweet sorghum has become one of the most promising non-food energy crops because of its high output ...
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