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Results 201 - 250 of 679
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Ravichandran Kavitha K Department of Methods in Food Biotechnology, Institute of Food Technology and Food Chemistry, Berlin University of Technology, Königin-Luise Str 22, 14195 Berlin, - - 2014
Red beet plants are rich in betalains that can be used as food natural colorants. Betalains were extracted from red beet and encapsulated with different carrier agents and freeze or spray dried. Effect of different encapsulating agents as maltodextrin, guar gum, gum Arabic, pectin and xanthan gum with different concentration ...
Taber Daniel R - - 2012
BACKGROUND: School district wellness policies designed to reduce obesity and promote student health and well-being often lack specific requirements or any mandate that schools comply with the policy. Researchers, educators, and policymakers have called for states to take an active role in shaping district policies. The objective of this study ...
Ta Myduc L - - 2012
Nutritious diets that include sufficient intake of fruits and vegetables promote health and reduce risk for chronic diseases. The 2005 Dietary Guidelines for Americans recommend four to 13 servings of fruits and vegetables daily for energy intake levels of 1,000 to 3,200 kcal, including seven to 13 servings for 1,600 ...
Shi Min M Graduate School of Life and Environmental Science, University of Tsukuba, 1-1-1 Tennodai, Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305-8572, - - 2012
The solid-state fermentation, reusing soybean curd residue (SCR) as a solid substrate, was conducted for producing polysaccharides by Flammulina velutipes (F. velutipes). The optimal fermentation conditions were 74.5% of moisture content, 9.69 of inoculum size and 30.27 of C/N ratio by response surface methodology. 59.15mg/g of polysaccharides were obtained. F. ...
Erinosho Temitope O - - 2012
Increased consumption of fruits and vegetables is recommended to reduce chronic disease risk. Few studies have examined awareness of the current fruit and vegetable campaign in the United States, Fruits and Veggies-More Matters. This study assessed awareness of the Fruits and Veggies-More Matters campaign and knowledge of the 7-13 serving ...
Ishida Kyohei - - 2012
Four wethers were used in a 4 × 4 Latin square design experiment to evaluate the applicability of two types of total mixed ration (TMR) silage with food by-products. Four food by-products (i.e., potato waste, soy sauce cake, soybean curd residue and noodle waste) were obtained and mixed with commercial concentrate (CC) ...
Roark Randall A - - 2012
Accurate determination of fruit and vegetable consumption is essential for research that seeks to determine current fruit and vegetable intake patterns, what type and amount of fruit and vegetable consumption is optimal for human health and for evaluating interventions developed to increase such consumption. However, there are many issues that ...
Purtell Kelly M - - 2012
Two of the primary programs through which the federal government provides benefits to low income families are the Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) program and the Food Stamp program. However, many eligible low income families do not actually receive these benefits. We combined state-level policy data with rich data ...
Winter Carl K - - 2012
Consumers are frequently urged to avoid imported foods as well as specific fruits and vegetables due to health concerns from pesticide residues and are often encouraged to choose organic fruits and vegetables rather than conventional forms. Studies have demonstrated that while organic fruits and vegetables have lower levels of pesticide ...
Sengar Garima G Department of Food Engineering and Technology, Sant Longowal Institute of Engineering and Technology, Longowal, Dst, Sangrur, Punjab India Pin - - 2014
Caramel, defined as coloring agent and as an antioxidant, is being used in several kinds of food products. It has been classified into 4 classes to satisfy the requirement of several food and beverage systems. The variation in its consistency owing to its basic content of milk solids, sugars, and ...
Avena Nicole M NM Department of Psychiatry, University of Florida, College of Medicine, Gainesville, Florida, USA. - - 2012
Over the past three decades, obesity has become a major public health crisis in the United States. The prevalence of obesity in the United States and in other parts of the world has led to a new word, "globesity," being used to describe the problem. As a result of this ...
Madar Cristian S - - 2012
An interesting case of gastroenteritis due to Salmonella Birkenhead following ingestion of raw venison sashimi is described. A 65-year-old man presented with diarrhea, vomiting, and fever. On exam he was hypotensive, tachycardic, with evidence of severe dehydration following ingestion of raw venison sashimi produced with game meat hunted on the ...
Wang Tong - - 2012
In 2010 the United States implemented the Veterinary Medicine Loan Repayment Program (VMLRP) to address perceived regional shortages in certain veterinary occupations, including food animal practice. With county as the unit of analysis, this paper describes a pair of models to evaluate factors associated with being designated a private practice ...
Zhou Jingwen - - 2012
Vitamin C, an important organic acid, is widely used in the industries of pharmaceuticals, cosmetics, food, beverage and feed additives. Compared with the Reichstein method, biotechnological production of vitamin C is an attractive approach due to the low cost and high product quality. In this chapter, biosynthesis of vitamin C, ...
Vihotogbe-Sossa Carole N A - - 2012
Leafy vegetables are sources of diet diversification and could contribute to food and nutritional security in African rural areas. However, in some places, little is known about if, how, and why leafy vegetables are consumed. Processing and preservation methods, food forms, and consumption determinants of four leafy vegetables (Sesamum radiatum, ...
Chu Da-Ming - - 2012
Choline and betaine are involved in several similar health-relevant metabolic pathways, but the foods sources are different. We have assessed their intakes (individual, sums and ratios) from a dominantly Chinese food cultural point of view. A representative free-living Taiwanese population aged 13-64 years was drawn from the Nutrition and Health ...
Bier Dennis M - - 2012
In the United States, the general standard for food safety is reasonable certainty of causing no harm under the intended conditions of use. In contrast to food safety policy in some other countries, the United States treats foods for infants and children no differently than foods for adults, other than ...
Pandey A K - - 2012
Plant&mdash;based antimicrobials and antioxidants represent a vast untapped source for medicines and food supplements and hence have enormous therapeutic potential. Present work reports the fungicidal potential of Cinnamomum tamala Nees & Eberm (Lauraceae) leaf oil against five food spoilage and pathogenic fungi. In addition antioxidant efficacy of seven different solvent ...
Lemlioglu-Austin Dilek - - 2012
Bran extracts (70% aqueous acetone) of specialty sorghum varieties (tannin, black, and black with tannin) were used to investigate the effects of sorghum phenolic compounds on starch digestibility, Estimated Glycemic Index (EGI), and Resistant Starch (RS) of porridges made with normal corn starch, enzyme resistant high amylose corn starch, and ...
Cavalcanti Janaina - - 2012
This paper presents the results of a research carried out in the states of Pernambuco and Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil about differences and similarities in the graphic representation of safety signs at factories of food, steel, shoes and construction/ building industries, together with their workers´┐Ż opinions on the security ...
Tester June M - - 2012
This study explored the extent to which schoolchildren purchased precut and bagged fruits and vegetables from a mobile fruit vendor (frutero). During 14 days in fall 2008, a frutero sold fruits and vegetables at the entrance of an elementary school; 59% of the frutero's 233 consumers of 248 items were ...
Wright Geraldine A - - 2012
Physiological state profoundly influences the expression of the behaviour of individuals and can affect social interactions between animals. How physiological state influences food sharing and social behaviour in social insects is poorly understood. Here, we examined the social interactions and food sharing behaviour of honeybees with the aim of developing ...
Canilha Larissa - - 2012
Depleted supplies of fossil fuel, regular price hikes of gasoline, and environmental damage have necessitated the search for economic and eco-benign alternative of gasoline. Ethanol is produced from food/feed-based substrates (grains, sugars, and molasses), and its application as an energy source does not seem fit for long term due to ...
Yang Sen - - 2012
The feedstocks for biodiesel production are predominantly from edible oils and the high cost of the feedstocks prevents its large scale application. In this study, we evaluated the oil extracted from Boettcherisca peregrine larvae (BPL) grown on solid organic wastes for biodiesel production. The oil contents detected in the BPL ...
Whitehead Ross D RD Perception Lab, School of Psychology, University of St Andrews, Fife, UK. - - 2012
Fruit and vegetable consumption is inadequate among adults in the United States; this contributes to preventable morbidity and mortality. More effective dietary intervention strategies are needed. Recently, interventions that advertise the consequences of behavior for appearance have been successful in modifying sun-exposure habits and tobacco use. Such an approach might ...
Harris Jennifer L JL Rudd Center for Food Policy and Obesity, Yale University, New Haven, CT, - - 2012
In the United States, one third of children and adolescents are overweight or obese, yet food and beverage companies continue to target them with advertising for products that contribute to this obesity crisis. When government restrictions on such advertising are proposed, the constitutional commercial speech doctrine is often invoked as ...
Shroff Monal R MR Department of Epidemiology, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, - - 2012
US legislatures and program administrators have sought to control the sale of foods offered outside of federally funded meal programs in schools, but little is known about which policies, if any, will prevent obesity in children. We used a theoretical policy science typology to understand the types of policy instruments ...
Chattopadhyay Sanchari S Department of Food Technology and Biochemical Engineering, Jadavpur University, Kolkata, 700032 - - 2014
Now a days sugar free food are very much popular because of their less calorie content. So food industry uses various artificial sweeteners which are low in calorie content instead of high calorie sugar. U.S. Food and Drug Administration has approved aspartame, acesulfame-k, neotame, cyclamate and alitame for use as ...
Sharma Savita S Department of Food Science and Technology, Punjab Agricultural University, Ludhiana, Punjab 141 004 - - 2014
Quality improvement of cereal brans, a health promoting ingredient for functional foods is the emerging research concept due to their low shelf stability and presence of non-nutrient components. A study was conducted to evaluate the storage quality of processed milling industry byproducts so that these can be potentially utilized as ...
Stevanovic Darko - - 2011
We investigated the effects of centrally administered orexigenic hormone ghrelin on energy imbalance-induced inflammation. Rats were subjected for four weeks to three different dietary regimes: normal (standard food), high-fat (standard food with 30% lard) or food-restricted (70%, 50%, 40% and 40% of the expected food intake in 1st, 2nd, 3rd ...
Cabas Isabel - - 2011
A wide variety of chemicals discharged from industrial and municipal sources have been reported to disrupt the endocrine system of animals, which may be exposed via the food chain and contaminated water. 17α-Ethinylestradiol (EE(2)), a drug used in oral contraceptives and hormone replacement therapy, has a widespread presence in the ...
Giuliano Christopher A - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: To review the pharmacology, dosage regimens, efficacy, and safety of currently marketed pancreatic enzyme products (PEPs). DATA SOURCES: Studies were identified by PubMed (1966-January 2011), clinicaltrials.gov, fda.gov, and International Pharmaceutical Abstracts. Search terms included pancreatic enzyme, lipase, Creon, Zenpep, Pancreaze, and exocrine pancreatic insufficiency (EPI). STUDY SELECTION AND DATA ...
Gotelli Nicholas J - - 2011
The array of biomolecules generated by a functioning ecosystem represents both a potential resource for sustainable harvest and a potential indicator of ecosystem health and function. The cupped leaves of the carnivorous pitcher plant, Sarracenia purpurea, harbor a dynamic food web of aquatic invertebrates in a fully functional miniature ecosystem. ...
Lebrun E G - - 2011
Flooding impacts ground nesting ant colonies by destroying the infrastructure housing and organizing societal function. Here, we report the convergent evolution in distantly related ant species of a behavioral trait that minimizes costs of flooding: the construction of earthen levees around nest entrances. In a South American floodplain ecosystem, we ...
Goffin Dorothee - - 2011
This critical review article presents the current state of knowledge on isomalto-oligosaccharides, some well known functional oligosaccharides in Asia, to evaluate their potential as emergent prebiotics in the American and European functional food market. It includes first a unique inventory of the different families of compounds which have been considered ...
Devi Kalpana C KC Department of Food Protectants and Infestation Control, Central Food Technological Research Institute, (Council of Scientific and Industrial Research), Mysore, 570 020 - - 2013
Eighteen spices were screened for their insecticidal potential and antiovipositional properties against the rice weevil- Sitophilus oryzae-a serious insect pest of stored food grains. The bioefficacy of the powders and hexane extracts of selected spices were determined by assessing the toxicity, effect on F1 progeny, contact toxicity, persistence and seed ...
Gibson Peter R - - 2011
Food-related symptoms are commonly described by patients with functional bowel disorders, but dietary change as an evidence-based therapy has not been part of routine management strategies. This reviews aims to discuss strategies commonly applied. Published literature was reviewed. Traditional approaches involve elimination diets followed by placebo-controlled reintroduction of specific foods, ...
Figueroa-González Ivonne - - 2011
Owing to their health benefits, probiotics and prebiotics are nowadays widely used in yogurts and fermented milks, which are leader products of functional foods worldwide. The world market for functional foods has grown rapidly in the last three decades, with an estimated size in 2003 of ca US$ 33 billion, ...
Li Jiang-Bo - - 2011
Obestatin, a 23-amino-acid peptide, is derived from the preproghrelin precursor. Obestatin was identified in 2005 as a hormone regulating food intake and energy, and having opposite effects to those of ghrelin. However, as studies have progressed, many disputes on the physiological function of obestatin have emerged. The food intake suppressive ...
Yazaki E E Barts and The London School of Medicine and Dentistry, Queen Mary University of London, London, UK. - - 2012
The primary role of the esophagus is to propel swallowed food or fluid into the stomach and to prevent or clear gastroesophageal reflux. This function is achieved by an organized pattern that involves a sensory pathway, neural reflexes, and a motor response that includes esophageal tone, peristalsis, and shortening. The ...
Bustos Ana Yanina - - 2011
To apply a fluorescent dye as an alternative technique to evaluate the survival of potentially probiotic lactobacilli to bile acids (BA) as first step in the design of probiotic functional foods. The use of lactic acid bacteria (LAB) in the functional food design depends on their ability to survive in ...
Guzel-Seydim Zeynep B - - 2011
Kefir is a unique cultured dairy product due to combined lactic acid and alcoholic fermentation of lactose in milk. Kefir is produced by microbial activity of "kefir grains" which have a relatively stable and specific balance of lactic acid bacteria and yeast. Due to the claimed health benefits of kefir ...
Dalle Zotte Antonella - - 2011
Increasing consumer knowledge of the link between diet and health has raised the awareness and demand for functional food ingredients. Meat and its derivatives may be considered functional foods to the extent that they contain numerous compounds thought to be functional. This review will attempt to outline the excellent nutritional ...
Csáki Katalin F - - 2011
In addition to genetic factors and antigen exposure, intestinal barrier dysfunction plays a key role in the pathogenesis of numerous allergic and autoimmune diseases. The hypothesis of this article is that synthetic surfactant food additives (also called emulsifiers) - which are applied in relatively high concentrations in even the most ...
Abe Risako - - 2011
In the field of prosthodontics, many methods for evaluating the masticatory function involve ejection of the food bolus from the mouth. In addition, these methods could not evaluate mastication and swallowing function comprehensively. The present study aimed to quantitatively evaluate masticatory functions during a series of masticatory and swallowing movements ...
Rao Pamidighantam Prabhakara PP Central Food Technological Research Institute, Resource Centre, Council of Scientific and Industrial Research, Habshiguda, Uppal Road, Hyderabad, 500 007 - - 2013
Flax (Linum usitatissimum L.) chutney powder (FSCP), a palatable functional food adjunct was prepared by mixing roasted and powdered flaxseeds with other selected spice ingredients. The protein content of these powders was 24.2% and 23.4% in flaxseed powder (FSP) and FSCP respectively. Total polyphenol content of FSP and FSCP was ...
Van Der Bilt A - - 2011
Summary  During chewing, food is reduced in size, while saliva moistens the food and binds the masticated food into a bolus that can be easily swallowed. Characteristics of the oral system, like number of teeth, bite force and salivary flow, will influence the masticatory process. Masticatory function of healthy persons ...
Benítez Vanesa - - 2011
Food industries are forced to develop productions without secondary residues. Therefore, there is a considerable emphasis on the recovery, recycling and upgrading of wastes. The possibility has been suggested for the conversion of onion waste into food ingredients, but with a stabilisation treatment being necessary. The objective of this work ...
Heuermann Nicol - - 2011
Understanding the functional response of species is important in comprehending the species' population dynamics and the functioning of multi-species assemblages. A Type II functional response, where instantaneous intake rate increases asymptotically with sward biomass, is thought to be common in grazers. However, at tall, dense swards, food intake might decline ...
Viuda-Martos M - - 2011
Spices and aromatic herbs have been used since antiquity as preservatives, colorants, and flavor enhancers. Spices, which have long been the basis of traditional medicine in many countries, have also been the subject of study, particularly by the chemical, pharmaceutical, and food industries, because of their potential use for improving ...
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