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Kim Jahan - - 2012
Kimchi is a well-known traditional Korean food. Its geographical origins can be determined by its biochemical composition. This study identified the biochemical compositions of kimchi extracts from Korea and China by (1)H nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy followed by multivariate data analysis. Principal component analyses (PCA) clearly discriminated between extracts ...
van Hijum Sacha Aft - - 2012
Fermented foods and beverages are an integral part of the human diet globally. Understanding the microbial interactions within these fermenting ecosystems is required to deliver safe products with desirable consumer properties, and moreover, maintenance of these traditions. Effective tools are required for documentation of cultures in traditional and artisanal fermented ...
do Nascimento Amanda Bagolin - - 2012
Ingredients mentioned on the labels of commercially available packaged gluten-free and similar gluten-containing food products were analyzed and compared, using the text mining technique. A total of 324 products' labels were analyzed for content (162 from gluten-free products), and ingredient diversity in gluten-free products was 28% lower. Raw materials used ...
Xu Fuqing - - 2012
Effluents from three liquid anaerobic digesters, fed with municipal sewage sludge, food waste, or dairy waste, were evaluated as inocula and nitrogen sources for solid-state batch anaerobic digestion of corn stover in mesophilic reactors. Three feedstock-to-effluent (F/E) ratios (i.e., 2, 4, and 6) were tested for each effluent. At an ...
Stowers Sharon L - - 2012
Immigrants typically express cravings for the food of their homeland, but for undocumented and temporarily documented Salvadoran immigrants living in the United States, the hunger for their traditional cuisine is particularly poignant. To cope with a history of food scarcity in El Salvador and their documentation liminality in the United ...
Lucan Sean C - - 2012
Whitehead et al. begin their intriguing article with the following two authoritative statements (leading off their abstract and introduction, respectively): "Fruit and vegetable consumption is inadequate among adults in the United States" and "Inadequate fruit and vegetable consumption is an enduring problem that presents a significant challenge to human well-being." ...
Taber Daniel R - - 2012
To determine if state laws regulating nutrition content of foods and beverages sold outside of federal school meal programs ("competitive foods") are associated with lower adolescent weight gain. The Westlaw legal database identified state competitive food laws that were scored by using the Classification of Laws Associated with School Students ...
van Ansem Wilke Jc - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To examine: (i) the association between home availability of fruit and vegetables and children's fruit and vegetable intake; (ii) the association between parental perception of the local food shopping environment and the home availability of fruit and vegetables; and (iii) whether the home availability of fruit and vegetables mediates ...
Clark S - - 2012
As the global population continues to grow, food needs will increase as well. The amount of land and other resources devoted to agriculture production is not expected to grow significantly, leading most to agree that the substantial increases in food production to meet food security needs will come through the ...
Meengs Jennifer S - - 2012
Effective strategies are needed to increase vegetable intake in accordance with health recommendations. Previous research has shown that increasing the variety of foods leads to increased consumption, yet this strategy has not been investigated for promoting vegetable intake. This crossover study, conducted in 2008 and 2009, tested whether filling half ...
Moreno-Domínguez Silvia - - 2012
Researchers have found that dietary restraint increases food cravings and may contribute to loss of control over eating. Negative mood states often precede food cravings and binge eating. In the present study, we tested the influence of a prolonged food deprivation period over emotional states and food cravings. Twenty-one bulimia ...
Ollberding Nicholas J - - 2012
Abstract Purpose . To examine if spatial access to healthy and unhealthy outlets comprising the local food environment was associated with fruit and vegetable consumption. Design . Cross-sectional. Setting . Population-based sample residing in Hawaii. Subjects . Three hundred and eighty-four adults (36% Asian-American, 33% non-Hispanic white, 31% other/mixed race). ...
Chun Ock K - - 2012
The aging population has been growing fast in the United States and worldwide. The morbidity of age-related chronic degenerative diseases has also been increasing in parallel. Numerous studies have reported that consumption of flavonoid-rich fruits and vegetables is inversely associated with such chronic diseases as Alzheimer's disease, age-related macular degeneration, ...
Trifan Adriana - - 2012
The fruits of Coriandrum sativum L. (Apiaceae) are used as a spicing and flavoring agent in food products and are also recommended as a drug in the treatment of digestive tract disorders. The safety of botanicals and botanical preparations used as food supplements is of great interest, as the market ...
Slavin Joanne L - - 2012
Fruits and vegetables are universally promoted as healthy. The Dietary Guidelines for Americans 2010 recommend you make one-half of your plate fruits and vegetables. Myplate.gov also supports that one-half the plate should be fruits and vegetables. Fruits and vegetables include a diverse group of plant foods that vary greatly in ...
Geier Uwe - - 2012
How do you feel after drinking milk or soy milk? The aim of this preliminary study was to find out if it is possible to measure the psychological effects of staple food items using a consumer test (according to DIN 10974), assessing the mental state of the participants. Results of ...
Martin François-Pierre J - - 2012
Social and psychological stressors are both a part of daily life and are increasingly recognized as contributors to individual susceptibility to develop diseases and metabolic disorders. The present study investigated how snacks differing in sensory properties and presentation can influence ratings of affect in consumers with different levels of dispositional ...
Martínez Ruth - - 2012
The aim of this work was to determine the chemical, technological and in vitro antioxidant properties of co-products from the industrialisation of some tropical exotic fruits, such as mango, pineapple, guava and passion fruit, and to evaluate their potential use as dietary fibre sources for food enrichment. Proximate compositions were ...
Gupta Ruchi S - - 2012
Objective. The aim of this study was to describe the distribution of childhood food allergy in the United States. Methods. A randomized survey was administered electronically from June 2009 to February 2010 to adults in US households with at least 1 child younger than 18 years. Data were analyzed as ...
Taber Daniel R - - 2012
BACKGROUND: School district wellness policies designed to reduce obesity and promote student health and well-being often lack specific requirements or any mandate that schools comply with the policy. Researchers, educators, and policymakers have called for states to take an active role in shaping district policies. The objective of this study ...
Ta Myduc L - - 2012
Nutritious diets that include sufficient intake of fruits and vegetables promote health and reduce risk for chronic diseases. The 2005 Dietary Guidelines for Americans recommend four to 13 servings of fruits and vegetables daily for energy intake levels of 1,000 to 3,200 kcal, including seven to 13 servings for 1,600 ...
Erinosho Temitope O - - 2012
Increased consumption of fruits and vegetables is recommended to reduce chronic disease risk. Few studies have examined awareness of the current fruit and vegetable campaign in the United States, Fruits and Veggies-More Matters. This study assessed awareness of the Fruits and Veggies-More Matters campaign and knowledge of the 7-13 serving ...
Ishida Kyohei - - 2012
Four wethers were used in a 4 × 4 Latin square design experiment to evaluate the applicability of two types of total mixed ration (TMR) silage with food by-products. Four food by-products (i.e., potato waste, soy sauce cake, soybean curd residue and noodle waste) were obtained and mixed with commercial concentrate (CC) ...
Roark Randall A - - 2012
Accurate determination of fruit and vegetable consumption is essential for research that seeks to determine current fruit and vegetable intake patterns, what type and amount of fruit and vegetable consumption is optimal for human health and for evaluating interventions developed to increase such consumption. However, there are many issues that ...
Purtell Kelly M - - 2012
Two of the primary programs through which the federal government provides benefits to low income families are the Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) program and the Food Stamp program. However, many eligible low income families do not actually receive these benefits. We combined state-level policy data with rich data ...
Winter Carl K - - 2012
Consumers are frequently urged to avoid imported foods as well as specific fruits and vegetables due to health concerns from pesticide residues and are often encouraged to choose organic fruits and vegetables rather than conventional forms. Studies have demonstrated that while organic fruits and vegetables have lower levels of pesticide ...
Avena Nicole M - - 2012
Over the past three decades, obesity has become a major public health crisis in the United States. The prevalence of obesity in the United States and in other parts of the world has led to a new word, "globesity," being used to describe the problem. As a result of this ...
Madar Cristian S - - 2012
An interesting case of gastroenteritis due to Salmonella Birkenhead following ingestion of raw venison sashimi is described. A 65-year-old man presented with diarrhea, vomiting, and fever. On exam he was hypotensive, tachycardic, with evidence of severe dehydration following ingestion of raw venison sashimi produced with game meat hunted on the ...
Wang Tong - - 2012
In 2010 the United States implemented the Veterinary Medicine Loan Repayment Program (VMLRP) to address perceived regional shortages in certain veterinary occupations, including food animal practice. With county as the unit of analysis, this paper describes a pair of models to evaluate factors associated with being designated a private practice ...
Zhou Jingwen - - 2012
Vitamin C, an important organic acid, is widely used in the industries of pharmaceuticals, cosmetics, food, beverage and feed additives. Compared with the Reichstein method, biotechnological production of vitamin C is an attractive approach due to the low cost and high product quality. In this chapter, biosynthesis of vitamin C, ...
Vihotogbe-Sossa Carole N A - - 2012
Leafy vegetables are sources of diet diversification and could contribute to food and nutritional security in African rural areas. However, in some places, little is known about if, how, and why leafy vegetables are consumed. Processing and preservation methods, food forms, and consumption determinants of four leafy vegetables (Sesamum radiatum, ...
Chu Da-Ming - - 2012
Choline and betaine are involved in several similar health-relevant metabolic pathways, but the foods sources are different. We have assessed their intakes (individual, sums and ratios) from a dominantly Chinese food cultural point of view. A representative free-living Taiwanese population aged 13-64 years was drawn from the Nutrition and Health ...
Bier Dennis M - - 2012
In the United States, the general standard for food safety is reasonable certainty of causing no harm under the intended conditions of use. In contrast to food safety policy in some other countries, the United States treats foods for infants and children no differently than foods for adults, other than ...
Pandey A K - - 2012
Plant—based antimicrobials and antioxidants represent a vast untapped source for medicines and food supplements and hence have enormous therapeutic potential. Present work reports the fungicidal potential of Cinnamomum tamala Nees & Eberm (Lauraceae) leaf oil against five food spoilage and pathogenic fungi. In addition antioxidant efficacy of seven different solvent ...
Lemlioglu-Austin Dilek - - 2012
Bran extracts (70% aqueous acetone) of specialty sorghum varieties (tannin, black, and black with tannin) were used to investigate the effects of sorghum phenolic compounds on starch digestibility, Estimated Glycemic Index (EGI), and Resistant Starch (RS) of porridges made with normal corn starch, enzyme resistant high amylose corn starch, and ...
Cavalcanti Janaina - - 2012
This paper presents the results of a research carried out in the states of Pernambuco and Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil about differences and similarities in the graphic representation of safety signs at factories of food, steel, shoes and construction/ building industries, together with their workers´┐Ż opinions on the security ...
Tester June M - - 2012
This study explored the extent to which schoolchildren purchased precut and bagged fruits and vegetables from a mobile fruit vendor (frutero). During 14 days in fall 2008, a frutero sold fruits and vegetables at the entrance of an elementary school; 59% of the frutero's 233 consumers of 248 items were ...
Wright Geraldine A - - 2012
Physiological state profoundly influences the expression of the behaviour of individuals and can affect social interactions between animals. How physiological state influences food sharing and social behaviour in social insects is poorly understood. Here, we examined the social interactions and food sharing behaviour of honeybees with the aim of developing ...
Canilha Larissa - - 2012
Depleted supplies of fossil fuel, regular price hikes of gasoline, and environmental damage have necessitated the search for economic and eco-benign alternative of gasoline. Ethanol is produced from food/feed-based substrates (grains, sugars, and molasses), and its application as an energy source does not seem fit for long term due to ...
Yang Sen - - 2012
The feedstocks for biodiesel production are predominantly from edible oils and the high cost of the feedstocks prevents its large scale application. In this study, we evaluated the oil extracted from Boettcherisca peregrine larvae (BPL) grown on solid organic wastes for biodiesel production. The oil contents detected in the BPL ...
Whitehead Ross D RD Perception Lab, School of Psychology, University of St Andrews, Fife, UK. - - 2012
Fruit and vegetable consumption is inadequate among adults in the United States; this contributes to preventable morbidity and mortality. More effective dietary intervention strategies are needed. Recently, interventions that advertise the consequences of behavior for appearance have been successful in modifying sun-exposure habits and tobacco use. Such an approach might ...
Harris Jennifer L JL Rudd Center for Food Policy and Obesity, Yale University, New Haven, CT, - - 2012
In the United States, one third of children and adolescents are overweight or obese, yet food and beverage companies continue to target them with advertising for products that contribute to this obesity crisis. When government restrictions on such advertising are proposed, the constitutional commercial speech doctrine is often invoked as ...
Shroff Monal R MR Department of Epidemiology, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, - - 2012
US legislatures and program administrators have sought to control the sale of foods offered outside of federally funded meal programs in schools, but little is known about which policies, if any, will prevent obesity in children. We used a theoretical policy science typology to understand the types of policy instruments ...
Sharma Savita S Department of Food Science and Technology, Punjab Agricultural University, Ludhiana, Punjab 141 004 - - 2014
Quality improvement of cereal brans, a health promoting ingredient for functional foods is the emerging research concept due to their low shelf stability and presence of non-nutrient components. A study was conducted to evaluate the storage quality of processed milling industry byproducts so that these can be potentially utilized as ...
Stevanovic Darko - - 2011
We investigated the effects of centrally administered orexigenic hormone ghrelin on energy imbalance-induced inflammation. Rats were subjected for four weeks to three different dietary regimes: normal (standard food), high-fat (standard food with 30% lard) or food-restricted (70%, 50%, 40% and 40% of the expected food intake in 1st, 2nd, 3rd ...
Cabas Isabel - - 2011
A wide variety of chemicals discharged from industrial and municipal sources have been reported to disrupt the endocrine system of animals, which may be exposed via the food chain and contaminated water. 17α-Ethinylestradiol (EE(2)), a drug used in oral contraceptives and hormone replacement therapy, has a widespread presence in the ...
Giuliano Christopher A - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: To review the pharmacology, dosage regimens, efficacy, and safety of currently marketed pancreatic enzyme products (PEPs). DATA SOURCES: Studies were identified by PubMed (1966-January 2011), clinicaltrials.gov, fda.gov, and International Pharmaceutical Abstracts. Search terms included pancreatic enzyme, lipase, Creon, Zenpep, Pancreaze, and exocrine pancreatic insufficiency (EPI). STUDY SELECTION AND DATA ...
Gotelli Nicholas J - - 2011
The array of biomolecules generated by a functioning ecosystem represents both a potential resource for sustainable harvest and a potential indicator of ecosystem health and function. The cupped leaves of the carnivorous pitcher plant, Sarracenia purpurea, harbor a dynamic food web of aquatic invertebrates in a fully functional miniature ecosystem. ...
Lebrun E G - - 2011
Flooding impacts ground nesting ant colonies by destroying the infrastructure housing and organizing societal function. Here, we report the convergent evolution in distantly related ant species of a behavioral trait that minimizes costs of flooding: the construction of earthen levees around nest entrances. In a South American floodplain ecosystem, we ...
Goffin Dorothee - - 2011
This critical review article presents the current state of knowledge on isomalto-oligosaccharides, some well known functional oligosaccharides in Asia, to evaluate their potential as emergent prebiotics in the American and European functional food market. It includes first a unique inventory of the different families of compounds which have been considered ...
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