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Jiang Jingjing - - 2013
Biofunctionalized graphene-gold nanoparticle (AuNP) hybrids were prepared using a facile approach of in situ growth, with homogeneous distribution of AuNPs on the graphene nanosheets. Hemoglobin (Hb) was immobilized on the graphene-AuNP composites to fabricate biosensors for determination of nitrite (NO2(-)). A pair of well-defined redox peaks was observed for Hb ...
Wan Shungang - - 2013
The performance of municipal organic solid waste anaerobic digestion was investigated using a single-stage bioreactor, and the microbial community structures were characterized during the digestion. The results showed that the biogas and methane production rates were 592.4 and 370.1L/kg with volatile solid added at the ratio of 2:1:1 for food ...
Lindsay Sophie - - 2013
To investigate the alcohol, gambling, and unhealthy food marketing strategies during a nationally televised, free to air, sporting series in Australia.Methods/approach: Using the Australian National Rugby League 2012 State of Origin three-game series, we conducted a mixed methods content analysis of the frequency, duration, placement and content of advertising strategies, ...
Sáyago-Ayerdi Sonia G - - 2013
Dietary fiber and antioxidant compounds are widely used as functional ingredients. The market in this field is competitive and the search of new types and quality ingredients for the food industry is on rise. The aim of this study was to evaluate the composition and antioxidant activity in by-products generated ...
Guan Yongguang - - 2014
Supercritical carbon dioxide fluid extraction was used to extract 5-hydroxymethyl-2-furfural from caramel colour (solid content was about 75%). The procedure was carried out by response surface methodology using a quadratic polynomial model. Extraction pressure, time, temperature and ethanol content were selected as the independent variables. Conditions to obtain the highest ...
Omoruyi Iyekhoetin Matthew - - 2013
Processed and packaged food items as well as ready-to-eat snacks are neglected and poorly characterised sources of human exposure to endocrine-disrupting chemicals (EDCs). In this study we investigated the presence of xenoestrogens in commercially processed and packaged Finnish foods, arising from substances deliberately added or inadvertently contaminating the food, substances ...
Liu Xinyuan - - 2013
Batch experiments were conducted to produce hydrogen and methane from waste activated sludge and food waste by two-stage mesophilic fermentation. Hydrogen and methane production, energy yield, soluble organic matters, volatile solid removal efficiency and carbon footprint were investigated during two-stage digestion at various food waste proportions. The highest energy yield ...
Browne James D - - 2013
This paper examines the rate of degradation of food waste in a leach bed reactor (LBR) under four different operating conditions. The effects of leachate recirculation at a low and high flow rate are examined with and without connection to an upflow anaerobic sludge blanket (UASB). Two dilution rates of ...
Lopes Fernanda Cortez - - 2013
The search for new sources of natural pigments has increased, mainly because of the toxic effects caused by synthetic dyes used in food, pharmaceutical, textile, and cosmetic industries. Fungi provide a readily available alternative source of natural pigments. In this context, the fungi Penicillium chrysogenum IFL1 and IFL2, Fusarium graminearum ...
Hsu Bo Yang - - 2013
Ginseng and lingzhi (Ganoderma lucidum) both are valuable traditional Chinese medicines and have been extensively utilised in functional foods and traditional medicines in many Asian countries. However, massive quantity of ginseng residue is produced after extraction of ginseng which still contains a lot of bioactive compounds such as ginsenosides. The ...
Jard G - - 2013
Macroalgae are biomass resources that represent a valuable feedstock to be used entirely for human consumption or for food additives after some extractions (mainly colloids) and/or for energy production. In order to better develop the algal sector, it is important to determine the capacity of macroalgae to produce these added-values ...
Dorđević T M - - 2013
In this study, the dissipation of pirimiphos-methyl during wheat fermentation by Lactobacillus plantarum was investigated. Sample preparation for GC/MS detection of pirimiphos-methyl residues from fermented wheat substrate was carried out by two steps: extraction with 25 mL of methanol : acetone = 1 : 1 solvent mix for 30 min, followed by clean-up procedure through a glass column ...
Koch Wojciech - - 2013
Flavonoids, substances present in foods of plant origin, play an important role in many metabolic processes. Numerous properties of these substances were described, including their anti-allergic, antitumor and antioxidant properties. Therefore, an increased intake of these nutrients may play a beneficial role in human health. The aim of the presented ...
Khardenavis Anshuman Arun AA Environmental Genomics Division, CSIR-National Environmental Engineering Research Institute (CSIR-NEERI), Nehru Marg, Nagpur 440020, India. - - 2013
A hybrid anaerobic solid-liquid system was used for anaerobic digestion of organic fraction of municipal solid waste (OFMSW) consisting of mixed food + fruit waste and vegetable waste. Hydrolysis and acidogenesis potential of the above wastes were evaluated with the aim of producing value-added products in the form of volatile ...
Moses Vivian V Division of Nutritional Sciences; King's College; London, UK; PG Economics; Dorchester, - - 2013
The rapid global development of agricultural production systems using seeds derived from genetic modification (GM) has been paralleled by the growth of attempts to keep at least a part of the world's agriculture and food as free from GM-crops and their products as possible. The ideal for some proponents of ...
Roopchand Diana E - - 2013
Cranberry pomace is a byproduct of cranberry processing and is comprised of seeds, skins and stems of the cranberry fruit. While cranberry pomace contains beneficial polyphenols, including proanthocyanidins and anthocyanins, it is not a palatable source of these compounds and is typically discarded. In this study, we have developed and ...
Wang He - - 2013
Lactulose, a synthetic ketose disaccharide, has been widely used in food and pharmaceutical industries as prebiotic food additives and drugs against constipation and hepatic encephalopathy. Lactulose has, so far, been produced chemically using lactose on a commercial scale. The key problems associated with such chemical process are the cost of ...
Bartkiene Elena - - 2013
Abstract The effect of supplementing wheat flour at a level of 15% with lupine (Lupinus angustifolius L.) wholemeal fermented by different lactic acid bacteria on acrylamide content in bread crumb as well as on bread texture and sensory characteristics was analysed. The use of fermented lupine resulted in a lower ...
Salmerón Ivan - - 2013
Most of the commercialized lactic acid fermented products are dairy-based. Hence, the development of non-dairy fermented products with probiotic properties draws significant attention within the functional foods industry. The microorganisms used in such products have complex enzyme systems through which they generate diverse metabolites (volatile and non-volatile) that provide significant ...
Auten Ashley A AA PharmD - - 2013
The interaction between grapefruit-containing beverages and immunosuppressants is not well defined in the literature. This study was conducted to investigate possible sources of grapefruit juice or grapefruit extract in common US-manufactured beverages. The goal was to identify those products that might serve as hidden sources of dietary grapefruit intake, increasing ...
Navarro-González Inmaculada - - 2013
Lactobacillus plantarum is a lactic acid bacterium that is encountered in an extensive range of foods such as fermented dairy products, meat, vegetables, and bakery products. Given the little molecular information available on the lipolytic activity of L. plantarum, the aim of this study was to clone, purify, and biochemically ...
Eom Sung-Hwan - - 2013
In this study, fermentation broth of Eisenia bicyclis with Candia utilis YM-1 exhibited enhanced antimicrobial activity against methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) and food-borne pathogenic bacteria. To perform a more detailed investigation on the antibacterial activity, the fermented broth of E. bicyclis was extracted with methanol and further fractionated with organic ...
Carberry Peter S - - 2013
Global food security requires eco-efficient agriculture to produce the required food and fiber products concomitant with ecologically efficient use of resources. This eco-efficiency concept is used to diagnose the state of agricultural production in China (irrigated wheat-maize double-cropping systems), Zimbabwe (rainfed maize systems), and Australia (rainfed wheat systems). More than ...
Postles Jennifer - - 2013
Acrylamide is a probable human carcinogen that forms in plant-derived foods when free asparagine and reducing sugars react at high temperatures. The identification of rye varieties with low acrylamide-forming potential or agronomic conditions that produce raw material with low acrylamide precursor concentrations would reduce the acrylamide formed in baked rye ...
Galaj Ewa - - 2013
RATIONALE: Heroin users report reward deficits as well as reward enhancements (to drug stimuli). To better understand the causal relation between chronic heroin and alterations in natural reward processing, we used experimental techniques in animal models. METHODS: Separate groups of rats were trained in several food reward paradigms: conditioned place ...
Huew Rasmia - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: There are few data on the dietary intake of children in Libya, and none on free sugars intake. The present study aimed to report the intake of macronutrients and eating habits of relevance to dental health in a group of Libyan schoolchildren and to investigate any gender differences for ...
Philippaerts An - - 2013
For over a century, catalytic hydrogenation of vegetable oils has been an important process in the food industry, but today, they have lost much of their former popularity, because of the detrimental trans fatty acids as side products. However, the design of novel hydrogenation catalysts and the development of new ...
Petruzzelli Annalisa - - 2013
A study was carried out to verify the appropriateness of the Hazard Analysis and Critical Control Point (HACCP) plan adopted in a school catering facility. To that end, the microbiological quality of foods, the correct implementation of special diets (lactose- and gluten-free) and the nutritional value of foods were assessed. ...
Liu Zhan-Ying - - 2013
A microbial-flocculants-producing (MBF-producing) bacterium, named TG-1, was isolated from waste water of a starch factory, and identified as Klebsiella sp. TG-1. The microbial flocculants (MBF) produced by TG-1, named as MBF-TG-1, was applied to defecating the strong basic trona suspension in the trona industry. After optimizing medium and culturing conditions ...
Boni Maria Rosaria - - 2013
The aim of this study was to evaluate the influence of slaughterhouse waste (SHW; essentially the skin, fats, and meat waste of pork, poultry, and beef) in a fermentative co-digestion process for H2 production from pre-selected organic waste taken from a refectory (food waste [FW]). Batch tests under mesophilic conditions ...
Czenze Zenon J - - 2013
For temperate endotherms (i.e., mammals and birds) energy costs are highest during winter but food availability is lowest and many mammals depend on hibernation as a result. Hibernation is made up of energy-saving torpor bouts [periods of controlled reduction in body temperature (T b)], which are interrupted by brief periodic ...
Gonçalves Karen M - - 2013
Lecitase Ultra was immobilized on Amberlites XAD2 and XAD4, through physical entrapping under conventional stirring or ultrasound irradiation, and characterized by standard techniques. The resulting immobilized biocatalysts were utilized in the valorization of an acidic food-derived residue from a palm oil refining process to produce monoacylglycerols from isopropylidene glycerol under ...
Zhang Cunsheng - - 2013
To avoid the inhibition from both of waste oil and high concentrations of cationic elements, anaerobic digestion of food waste in a dual solid-liquid (ADSL) system was examined in this present paper. Results from batch test indicated that a higher methane yield could be obtained in the ADSL system. The ...
Panzella Lucia - - 2013
Few literature data are available on the nutraceutical properties of little widespread local apple cultivars. Such lack of information prevents exploitation of these germplasms for genetic improvement of new cultivars and for the re-evaluation of local agricultural products, which may attract a large share of consumers oriented towards natural food ...
Takahama Umeo - - 2013
Adzuki bean is used to prepare many kinds of foods in east Asia, and the seed coat contains water-soluble anthocyanins, catechins, and flavonols. In the present study, ethyl acetate-soluble purplish pigments were isolated from adzuki bean. Pigments of soaked adzuki bean were extracted with 1% HCl in methanol. Ethyl acetate-soluble ...
Chen Rumei - - 2013
Corn seed is a major ingredient of animal feed worldwide. However, it contains phytate, a major phosphate storage form that is unavailable to monogastric animals like pigs and poultry. We report a transgenic corn with bioavailable phosphate, achieved by seed-specific overexpression of Aspergillus niger phytase, an enzyme catalyzing the release ...
Castrillón L - - 2013
The aim of the present research work was to boost biogas production from cattle manure (CM) by adding food waste (FW) and crude glycerin (Gly) from the biodiesel industry as co-substrates. For this purpose, different quantities of FW and Gly were added to CM and co-digested in an induced bed ...
Sonuga-Barke Edmund J S EJ Developmental Brain-Behaviour Laboratory, Department of Psychology, University of Southampton, UK. - - 2013
Nonpharmacological treatments are available for attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), although their efficacy remains uncertain. The authors undertook meta-analyses of the efficacy of dietary (restricted elimination diets, artificial food color exclusions, and free fatty acid supplementation) and psychological (cognitive training, neurofeedback, and behavioral interventions) ADHD treatments. Using a common systematic ...
Gross Moshe - - 2013
Abstract Recent studies indicate that an oil extract from Salvia sclarea may provide clinical benefits in various pathological conditions. In comparison to extracts from other Salvia species, S. sclarea oil contains twice as much omega-3 fatty acids, which are involved in eicosanoid synthesis pathways, and has been found to contain ...
Pontieri Paola - - 2013
Wheat (Triticum spp. L.), rye (Secale cereal L.) and barley (Hordeum vulgare L.) seeds contain toxic peptides to celiac patients. Maize (Zea mays L.) and rice (Oryza sativa L.) are distant relatives of wheat as well as Sorghum (Sorghum bicolor (L.) Moench) and are known to be safe for celiacs. ...
Zhang Xiaowei - - 2013
The present study was conducted to test the hypothesis that a free radical was formed and mediated the formation of 3-monochloropropanediol (3-MCPD) fatty acid diesters, a group of food contaminants, from diacylglycerols at high temperature under a low moisture condition for the first time. The presence of free radicals in ...
Rodríguez-Pazo Noelia - - 2013
Coculture fermentations show advantages for producing food additives from agroindustrial wastes, considering that different specified microbial strains are combined to improve the consumption of mixed sugars obtained by hydrolysis. This technology dovetails with both the growing interest of consumers towards the use of natural food additives and with stricter legislations ...
Ruiz-Aceituno L - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Currently, disorders such as diabetes mellitus, obesity or atherosclerosis are recognized as major global health problems. The use of inositols for treating these illnesses has attracted considerable attention and their extraction from natural sources presents added value as they are considered bioactive ingredients in the food industry. Legumes are ...
Bai Jinhe - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Fresh orange juice is perceived to be more wholesome than processed juice. Fresh juice may have nutrients and phytonutrients that differ from pasteurized or processed juice. RESULTS: 'Hamlin' and 'Valencia' oranges were extracted using a commercial food service juicer, pasteurized or not, resulting in fresh-commercial juice (FCJ) or pasteurized ...
León Janeen B - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to determine the prevalence of phosphorus-containing food additives in best-selling processed grocery products and to compare the phosphorus content of a subset of top-selling foods with and without phosphorus additives. DESIGN: The labels of 2394 best-selling branded grocery products in northeast Ohio were ...
Hugenholtz Jeroen - - 2013
The food and beverage industry is re-discovering fermentation as a crucial step in product innovation. Fermentation can provide various benefits such as unique flavor, health and nutrition, texture and safety (shelf life), while maintaining a 100% natural label. In this review several examples are presented on how fermentation is used ...
Hernández-Moreno David - - 2013
This study presents a consumer and farmer safety evaluation on the use of four botanical pesticides in pepper berry crop protection. The pesticides evaluated include preparations from clove, tuba root, sweet flag and pyrethrum. Their safety evaluation was based on their active ingredients being eugenol, rotenone, β-asarone and pyrethrins, respectively. ...
Nguyen Binh Hai - - 2013
The selective detection of ultratrace amounts of aflatoxin M1 (AFM1) is extremely important for food safety since it is the most toxic mycotoxin class that is allowed to be present on cow milk with strictly low regulatory levels. In this work, Fe3O4 incorporated polyaniline (Fe3O4/PANi) film has been polymerized on ...
Tierney Michelle S - - 2013
An efficient, food-friendly process for the enrichment of macroalgal phlorotannins from solid-liquid extracts (SLE) of three brown macroalgae, namely Fucus spiralis Linnaeus, Pelvetia canaliculata (Linnaeus) Decaisne & Thuret and Ascophyllum nodosum (Linnaeus) Le Jolis, has been demonstrated. The initial utilisation of molecular weight cut-off (MWCO) dialysis generated fractions of low ...
Lorenzini R - - 2013
Mineral oil hydrocarbons present in printing inks and recycled paper migrate from paper-based food packaging to foods primarily through the gas phase. Migration from two commercial products packed in recycled paperboard, i.e. muesli and egg pasta, was monitored up to the end of their shelf life (1 year) to study ...
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