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Results 451 - 500 of 634
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Yang, Chien-Hung
The objective of the study is to compare the bird communities between natural forests and Taiwania (Taiwania cryptomerioides) plantations. I surveyed the bird communities in the experimental forests of Liu-Kuei Station, Taiwan Forestry Research Institute in Kaohsiung County, Taiwan during the breeding season from late March to early July in ...
Syvertsen J P - - 2003
Five-year-old 'Spring' navel (Citrus sinensis (L.) Osbeck) orange trees were completely defruited, 50% defruited or left fully laden to study effects of fruit load on concentrations of nitrogen (N) and carbohydrate, net assimilation of CO2 (Ac) and stomatal conductance (gs) of mature leaves on clear winter days just before fruit ...
Reid Douglas E B - - 2003
Stem sapwood hydraulic permeability, tree leaf area, sapwood basal area, earlywood to latewood ratio of annual rings, radial variation in hydraulic permeability and stem hydraulic capacity were examined in dominant (D), codominant (CD) and suppressed (SP) lodgepole pine (Pinus contorta Dougl. ex Loud.) trees growing on medium and poor sites. ...
Nicolini Eric - - 2003
Architectural analyses of temperate tree species using a chronological approach suggest that the expression of epicormic branches is closely related to low growth rates in the axes that make up the branching system. Therefore, sole consideration of epicormic criteria may be sufficient to identify trees with low secondary growth levels ...
Yang Ling - - 2003
Understanding the growth and physiological responses of rice to upland conditions would be helpful for designing treatments to improve the tolerance of rice under a rainfed system. The objective of this study was to investigate the initiation,elongation and membrane stability of seminal, lateral and adventitious roots of upland rice after ...
Sabatier S - - 2003
The organogenetic cycle of shoots on main branches of 4-year-old Juglans regia trees was studied. Mono- and bicyclic floriferous and vegetative annual shoots were analysed. Five parent annual shoot types were sampled between October 1992 and August 1993. Organogenesis of summer growth units was monitored between 16 Jun. and 3 ...
Yamashita Nayuta - - 2003
This study of two lemur species (Lemur catta and Propithecus v. verreauxi) in Madagascar combines observations of food procurement and initial food placement in the mouth with comparisons to food toughness and external properties. Food toughness was hypothesized to play a decisive role in determining food placement during ingestion. It ...
Suorsa Petri - - 2003
We investigated how physiological stress in an area-sensitive old-growth forest passerine, the Eurasian treecreeper (Certhia familiaris), is associated with forest fragmentation and forest structure. We found evidence that the concentrations of plasma corticosterone in chicks were higher under poor food supply in dense, young forests than in sparse, old forests. ...
Barbehenn Raymond V - - 2003
The seasonal decline in foliar nutritional quality in deciduous trees also effects the availability of essential micronutrients, such as ascorbate and alpha-tocopherol, to herbivorous insects. This study first examined whether there are consistent patterns of seasonal change in antioxidant concentrations in deciduous tree leaves. Alpha-tocopherol concentrations increased substantially through time ...
Rosety M - - 2003
This paper describes the acute toxicity of a known anionic surfactant, Linear Alkylbenzene Sulphonate (LAS), on the quality of gilthead Sparus aurata L. sperm. The parameter used to judge exposure effectiveness was sperm motility as well as its fertilizing ability after being combined with unexposed gilthead eggs. Preincubation of sperm ...
Woodcock D W - - 2003
The radial increases in wood specific gravity known in many tree species have been interpreted as providing mechanical support in response to the stresses associated with wind loading. This interpretation leads to the hypothesis that individuals reaching the canopy should (1) be more likely to have radial increases in specific ...
Spicer Robert A - - 2003
The uplift of the Tibetan plateau, an area that is 2,000 km wide, to an altitude of about 5,000 m has been shown to modify global climate and to influence monsoon intensity. Mechanical and thermal models for homogeneous thickening of the lithosphere make specific predictions about uplift rates of the ...
Raman A - - 2003
An Australian gall-inducing eulophid, Ophelimus eucalypti (Gahan) was first recorded on the foliage of Eucalyptus botryoides after it invaded New Zealand in 1987. It has spread throughout the eucalypt plantations in the North Island and in the northern parts of the South Island affecting several species of Eucalyptus in the ...
Allen James A - - 2003
The tree species Xylocarpus granatum is commonly described as occurring in the upper intertidal zone of mangrove forests, but mature trees are occasionally found at lower elevations. In the Utwe River basin, on the Pacific island of Kosrae, we investigated the relative importance of several biotic and abiotic factors that ...
Lapaire Carrie L - - 2003
ABSTRACT Conidia of Cercospora zeae-maydis are the primary inoculum causing gray leaf spot of maize. On nutrient-deficient substrates, but not on water on the leaf surface, conidia germinate and develop secondary conidia on conidiophores produced from germ tubes or conidial cells. A population of conidia increases its numbers more than ...
Saunders, Anthony S. J.
In a study comparing the densities of Noisy Friarbirds Philemon corniculatus, Red Wattlebirds Anthocaera carunculata and flowering eucalypts, between 1992 and 1996 in central eastern New South Wales, the flowering of trees was found to be a very highly significant explanatory variable accounting for changes in honeyeater numbers at both ...
Roda A - - 2003
Plants with leaves having numerous trichomes or domatia frequently harbor greater numbers of phytoseiid mites than do plant with leaves that lack these structures. We tested the hypothesis that this pattern occurs, in part, with Typhlodromus pyri because trichomes increase the capture of pollen or fungal spores that serve as ...
Spiecker Heinrich - - 2003
In Europe temperate forests play a prominent role in timber production, nature protection, water conservation, erosion control and recreation. For centuries temperate forests in Europe have been affected by forest devastation and soil degradation. Applying great efforts to eliminate the severe wood shortage of those days, countermeasures were taken during ...
Cheng Lailiang - - 2002
Bench-grafted Fuji/M.26 apple (Malus domestica Borkh.) trees were fertilized with a nutrient solution (fertigation) containing 0, 2.5, 5, 7.5, 10, 15 or 20 mM nitrogen (N) in a modified Hoagland's solution from June 30 to September 1. In mid-October, half of the trees in each N treatment were sprayed twice ...
Chapman Colin A - - 2002
The diet selection of two groups of red colobus monkeys (Procolobus badius) in Kibale National Park, Uganda are considered with respect to protein, fiber, digestibility, alkaloids, total phenolics, tannins, saponins, and cyanogenic glycosides. Both groups selected young leaves over mature leaves and young leaves had more protein, were more digestible, ...
Cline Morris G - - 2002
Sylleptic branches grow out from lateral buds during the same growing season in which the buds are formed. This type of branching is present in poplar and in many tropical species. It results in the production of more branches, more leaves and expanded photosynthetic capacity and is thought to assist ...
Walcroft Adrian - - 2002
The three-dimensional (3-D) architecture of a peach tree (Prunus persica L. Batsch) growing in an orchard near Avignon, France, was digitized in April 1999 and again four weeks later in May 1999 to quantify increases in leaf area and crown volume as shoots developed. A 3-D model of radiation transfer ...
Kawamura Naoko - - 2002
Bombyx spermatogonia are bipotential, producing nucleate eupyrene sperm and anucleate apyrene sperm. An in vitro cultivation of spermatocysts of Bombyx mori from spermatocytes to matured sperm was established. The present experiment made clear that: (i) spermatocysts must be isolated; (ii) constant shaking at 45 r.p.m. was necessary; and (iii) the ...
Edelmann Hans G - - 2002
The orientation growth of coleoptiles of dark-grown seedlings of rye (Secale cereale L. cv. Marder II), when grown under various conditions, was analysed with respect to the gravivector ('gravitropic setpoint angle', GSA). Coleoptiles growing through moist vermiculite attain and maintain a GSA with an average of about 180 degrees, i.e. ...
Pérez-Pé R - - 2002
The prediction of the fertilizing ability of a sire or a given insemination dose is a primary aim in the field of artificial insemination. Centrifugal countercurrent distribution analysis (CCCD) was used to determine the relationship between some sperm parameters and the in vivo fertility rate obtained with the same sample ...
Milanowski Dennis J - - 2002
Three known alkaloids, isoboldine (2), norisoboldine (1), and magnoflorine (8), have been isolated for the first time from Croton lechleri, a source of the wound healing latex "sangre de grado". An HPLC system was developed, and a large number of latex and leaf samples of C. lechleri from 22 sites ...
Ober E S - - 2002
Insufficient soil moisture during summer months is now the major cause of sugar beet yield losses in the UK. However, selection for increased drought tolerance has not been a breeding priority until recently. Genetic variation for drought tolerance is an essential prerequisite for the development of more stress-tolerant varieties, but ...
Graça Manuel A S - - 2002
Vast areas of the Iberian Peninsula are covered by monocultures of the exotic tree Eucalyptus globulus. Given that (1) leaf litter produced in the riparian areas is the main energy source for small streams, and (2) trees differ in their nutrient content, chemical defenses, and physical attributes, eucalypt plantations have ...
Takahashi Shunichi - - 2002
BACKGROUND: The tropical plant Ficus microcarpa L. f. cv. Golden Leaves (GL) is a high-light sensitive tropical fig tree in which sun-leaves are yellow and shade-leaves are green. We compared the response of photosynthetic activities to strong light between GL and its wild-type (WT, Ficus microcarpa L. f.). RESULTS: Field ...
Aasamaa Krõõt - - 2002
Correlations between leaf abscisic acid concentration ([ABA]), stomatal conductance (gs), rate of stomatal opening in response to an increase in leaf water potential (si), shoot hydraulic conductance (L) and photosynthetic characteristics were examined in saplings of six temperate deciduous tree species: Acer platanoides L., Padus avium Mill., Populus tremula L., ...
Mandre Malle - - 2002
The study was aimed at the quantitative evaluation of the temporal and spatial partitioning of non-structural carbohydrates and needle biomass in a canopy of Scots pine (Pinus sylvestris L.) growing in a Myrtillus site type forest stand (predominant in Estonia). The tree canopy was divided into ten equal layers and ...
Browne R K - - 2002
The effect of monosaccharides (glucose, fructose) and disaccharides (maltose, sucrose, trehalose) as diluents, in cryoprotective additives containing 15% (v/v) DMSO or glycerol as cryoprotectants, were investigated on the recovery of sperm motility after cryopreservation of cane toad (Bufo marinus) spermatoazoa at low (approximately 5 degrees C/min(-1)) and high cooling rates ...
Bhalerao Rishikesh P - - 2002
Lateral root formation is profoundly affected by auxins. Here we present data which indicate that light influences the formation of indole-3-acetic acid (IAA) in germinating Arabidopsis seedlings. IAA transported from the developing leaves to the root system is detectable as a short-lived pulse in the roots and is required for ...
Phillips Nathan - - 2002
We tested for reductions in water transport with increasing tree size, a key component in determining whether gas exchange and growth are hydraulically limited in tall trees. During the summers of 1998 and 1999, we measured water transport with Granier-type, constant-heat sap flow probes, vapor pressure deficit, and leaf and ...
Tamura Yasumori - - 2002
The flavonoid 5-glucosides, quercetin 5,4'-di-O-beta-D-glucopyranoside and quercetin 5,7,4'-tri-O-beta-D-glucopyranoside, together with the known quercetin 5-O-beta-D-glucopyranoside, were isolated from the cocoon shell of the silkworm, Bombyx mori. The structures were identified by spectroscopic analysis. These flavonoid glucosides were not present in mulberry leaves, the silkworm's only food, and they are considered to ...
NIKOLE L. CASTLEBERRY
Declining Allegheny woodrat (Neotoma magister) populations suggest a need for more basic ecological information about the species for proper management. Within the core of the Allegheny woodrat's distribution in the central Appalachians, food habits and food resource availability are poorly understood. We collected fecal material from known Allegheny woodrats between ...
Wich S A - - 2002
Food availability is one of the basic factors affecting primate density and socioecology, but food availability is difficult to assess. Two different ways to obtain accurate estimates of food availability have been proposed: using phenology data or using the behaviour of animals. Phenology data can be refined by only including ...
King L M - - 2002
In avian species, spermatozoa reside in the oviduct for prolonged periods in specialized structures known as sperm storage tubules, but little is known about the relative distribution of spermatozoa in these tubules after successive inseminations by different males. The staining efficacies of various fluorescent dyes for fowl and turkey spermatozoa ...
Moldau Heino - - 2002
To evaluate reactive absorption of ozone (O3) in the leaf apoplast, amphistomatous leaves of Phaseolus vulgaris L. were allowed to take up O3 through the stomata on the lower leaf surface at high rates for 3-5 min. Up to 5% of the O3 taken up diffused through the leaf and ...
Stewart G - - 2002
The formal allocation of water for the environment is a developing area of river management both scientifically and in terms of community participation. This case study, illustrating the recent use of the Barmah-Millewa Forest Environmental Water Allocation (EWA), provides a practical demonstration of community participation in environmental water management, the ...
Siller Irén - - 2002
A three-year mycological investigation of the Kékes North forest reserve in the Mátra mountains. Hungary proved the richness of the area in lignicolous macrofungi. Diversity of macrofungi was in close correlation with the developmental phases of the forest as well as with the amount of dead wood of different quality ...
Moriyama H - - 2001
Heat-treated leaves of Cassia alata were studied for any change in chemical constituents using sun dried leaves as the reference standard. A high concentration of a constituent was observed in the heat-treated leaves. Spectroscopic studies revealed the structure of the constituent as kaempferol 3-gentiobioside, which has not yet been detected ...
Joseph K. Bailey
Salt cedar (Tamarix ramossisima), an invasive species, has become a dominant shrub along many streams of the southwestern United States, where it has replaced many native species such as Fremont cottonwood (Populus fremontii). We examined whether the successful invasion of this exotic shrub alters stream leaf litter decomposition rates and ...
Klein I - - 2001
In nut tree orchards in California, irrigation is typically withheld during the harvest period to reduce the likelihood of bark damage during mechanical shaking of the trees. The ensuing water stress, however, may result in premature defoliation and subsequent yield declines. Our objective was to establish and quantify the water ...
Rufat J - - 2001
The PEACH computer simulation model of reproductive and vegetative growth of peach trees (Grossman and DeJong 1994) was adapted to estimate seasonal nitrogen (N) dynamics in organs of mature peach (Prunus persica (L.) Batsch cv. O'Henry) trees grown with high and low soil N availability. Seasonal N accumulation patterns of ...
Koshiishi C - - 2001
Profiles of nucleotide levels in two varieties of Japanese green teas (cv. Yabukita and Saemidori), a Chinese green tea (Longjing), and two Japanese black teas (cv. Benifuuki and Benihikari) were determined and compared with that of fresh tea leaves. The concentration of 5'-nucleotides in green tea was much higher than ...
Watson R - - 2001
The xylem-feeding insect Philaenus spumarius was used to analyse sodium and potassium fluxes in the xylem of intact, transpiring wheat plants. Two cultivars were compared: the salt-excluding (Chinese Spring) and the non-excluding (Langdon). Chinese Spring accumulated much less sodium in its leaves than the salt-sensitive Langdon. After 7 d in ...
Singh M - - 2001
This study reports critical changes in the behaviour patterns of lion-tailed macaques (Macaca silenus) inhabiting a continuously changing and deteriorating rain forest fragment in the Western Ghats, India. The study area, a privately owned rain forest patch in a tea/coffee garden called Puthuthotam, has suffered two massive selective logging episodes. ...
MIRCEA G. HIDALGO-MIHART
We studied the food habits of the coyote (Canis latrans) in a tropical deciduous forest along the Mexican Pacific coast during 1996 and 1997. Small mammals, chiefly the Jaliscan cotton rat (Sigmodon mascotensis), were the main prey items during the dry season. Cultivated fruits, like mango and papaya, were the ...
Yeoh H H - - 2001
The cyanogen content of 35 cassava-based foods was determined using the enzyme-dipstick method. The analyses showed presence of residual cyanogens in these products, and they ranged from 2 to 88 mg HCN equivalent/kg. Foodstuff prepared from grated cassava roots exhibited a lower level of cyanogen content (2-31 mg HCN equivalent/kg) ...
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