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Barolo Melisa I MI Farmacognosia, Facultad de Ciencias Bioquímicas y Farmacéuticas, Universidad Nacional de Rosario, S2002LRK Rosario, - - 2014
Since early in the man history, common fig was appreciated as food and for its medicinal properties. This review explores some aspects about the importance of Ficus carica L., an amazing and ancient source of medicines and food. Topics regarding chemistry, biological activity, ethno-pharmacological uses, and its nutritional value are ...
Zhu Fan F School of Chemical Sciences, University of Auckland, Private Bag 92019, Auckland, New Zealand. Electronic address: - - 2014
Chinese steamed bread (CSB) is a staple food in China since ancient time. The basic ingredients include wheat flour, yeast/sourdough, and water. Current consumer trends urge the production of CSB on a large scale as well as the formulation of healthier CSB with specific nutritional benefits. This requires a better ...
Morrissey John P JP School of Microbiology, University College Cork, - - 2014
Kluyveromyces marxianus is emerging as a new platform organism for production of flavour and fragrance (F & F) compounds. This food-grade yeast has advantageous traits such as thermotolerance and rapid growth that make it attractive for cell factory applications. The major impediment to its development has been limited fundamental knowledge ...
Boesi Alessandro - - 2014
This paper aims to present the author's field research data on wild food plant use in Tibetan regions. It provides a general perspective on their significance in past and present Tibet, and examines the concept of wild edible plants as medicinal plants. The fieldwork was conducted in Dhorpatan (Nepal, May-August ...
Buyukkileci Ali Oguz AO Department of Food Engineering, İzmir Institute of Technology, Gulbahce Campus, 35430, Urla, İzmir, - - 2014
The production of exo-polygalacturonase (exo-PG) from orange peel (OP), a food industrial waste, using Aspergillus sojae was studied in submerged culture. A simple, low-cost, industrially significant medium formulation, composed of only OP and (NH4)2SO4 (AS) was developed. At an inoculum size of 2.8 × 10(3) spores/mL, growth was in the form of ...
Possatto Fernanda E FE Centro de Estudos do Mar, Universidade Federal do Paraná, Av. Beira Mar, s/n, 83255-976, Pontal do Sul, Pontal do Paraná, PR, Brazil. Electronic address: - - 2014
Using monthly otter-trawl deployments, spatial and temporal variability among the relative densities of marine debris were assessed in the Paranaguá estuarine complex; a subtropical World Heritage Listed area in southern Brazil. During 432 deployments over 12months, 291 marine debris items were identified; of which most (92%) were plastic, and more ...
Dutton Gareth R GR Division of Preventive Medicine, University of Alabama at Birmingham, 1717 11th Avenue South, Medical Towers 615, Birmingham, AL, 35216, USA, - - 2014
The purpose of this systematic review was to evaluate, synthesize, and interpret findings from recent randomized controlled trials (RCTs) of dietary and lifestyle weight loss interventions examining the effects of (1) diet composition, (2) use of food provision, and (3) modality of treatment delivery on weight loss. Trials comparing different ...
Kaikkonen Jari E JE Research Centre of Applied and Preventive Cardiovascular Medicine, University of Turku, Kiinamyllynkatu 10, 20520, Turku, Finland, - - 2014
Accumulating evidence indicates that childhood nutrition plays a role in the adulthood cardiovascular health. A lifelong tracking of dietary habits, following a long-term exposure to unhealthy dietary patterns or independent effects, is a potential effect-mediating mechanism. Dietary patterns have been studied by data-driven and hypothesis-based approaches. Typically, either data-driven healthy ...
Sheikh-Ali Sheikh Imranudin SI Institute of Bio Product Development, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, 81310, Skudai, Johor, - - 2014
The contamination of food and feed by Aspergillus has become a global issue with a significant worldwide economic impact. The growth of Aspergillus is unfavourable to the development of food and feed industries, where the problems happen mostly due to the presence of mycotoxins, which is a toxic metabolite secreted ...
Cramp Lucy J E LJ Organic Geochemistry Unit, School of Chemistry, University of Bristol, Cantock's Close, Bristol BS8 1TS, UK - - 2014
The conventional 'Neolithic package' comprised animals and plants originally domesticated in the Near East. As farming spread on a generally northwest trajectory across Europe, early pastoralists would have been faced with the challenge of making farming viable in regions in which the organisms were poorly adapted to providing optimal yields ...
Huang Zhonghao Z School of Life Sciences, South China Normal University, Guangzhou, China; Guangxi Key Laboratory of Rare and Endangered Animal Ecology, Guangxi Normal University, Guilin, - - 2014
Limestone hills are an unusual habitat for primates, prompting them to evolve specific behavioral adaptations to the component karst habitat. From September 2012 to August 2013, we collected data on the diet of one group of Assamese macaques living in limestone forests at Nonggang National Nature Reserve, Guangxi Province, China, ...
Rodríguez-Vidal Joaquín J Departamento de Geodinámica y Paleontología, Facultad de Ciencias Experimentales, and Marine International Campus of Excellence (CEIMAR) Universidad de Huelva, 21071 Huelva, - - 2014
The production of purposely made painted or engraved designs on cave walls-a means of recording and transmitting symbolic codes in a durable manner-is recognized as a major cognitive step in human evolution. Considered exclusive to modern humans, this behavior has been used to argue in favor of significant cognitive differences ...
Hong Xiumei X Center on the Early Life Origins of Disease, Department of Population, Family and Reproductive Health, Johns Hopkins University Bloomberg School of Public Health, 615 N. Wolfe Street, E4132, Baltimore, MD, 21205-2179, - - 2014
This review aims to highlight the latest advance on epigenetics in the development of food allergy (FA) and to offer future perspectives. FA, a condition caused by an immunoglobulin (Ig) E-mediated hypersensitivity reaction to food, has emerged as a major clinical and public health problem worldwide in light of its ...
Gregori Dario D a Unit of Biostatistics, Epidemiology and Public Health, Department of Cardiac, Thoracic and Vascular Sciences , University of Padova , Padova , - - 2014
The aim of this study was to perform a systematic review of evidence coming from randomized controlled trials (RCT) aimed at assessing the effect of television advertising on food intake in children from 4 to 12 years old. Randomized controlled trials were searched in PubMed database and included if they ...
Lensvelt Eveline J S EJ a Food Quality and Design Group , Wageningen University and Research Centre , Wageningen , the - - 2014
Insects are nutritious and suitable for human consumption. In this article an overview of research on consumer acceptance of entomophagy is given. This study furthermore provides insight into which factors are effective to influence consumer acceptance of entomophagy among Dutch and Australian participants. Based on the findings of this study, ...
Höijer Karin K a Department of Food, Nutrition and Dietetics , Uppsala University , Uppsala , - - 2014
This article explores foods talked about and chosen in the education of Swedish Home Economics as a relationship between structural processes and agency. Three data sets from observations and focus group interviews with teachers and students were analyzed for food classifications. These were related to a culinary triangle of contradictions, ...
Uglem Solveig S Department of Nutrition, Institute for Basic Medical Sciences, University of Oslo, P.O. Box 1046 Blindern, N-0317 Oslo, - - 2014
Nutritional information seldom reaches individuals with the most unhealthful dietary habits. To explore whether an intervention focusing on a combination of nutritional information and increased availability of vegetables, fruits, and semi whole grain bread was effective to raise the intake, and knowledge, of these foods among recruits in the military ...
Grimm Kirsten A KA Division of Nutrition, Physical Activity, and Obesity, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia; and - - 2014
To examine the association of timing of introduction and frequency of fruit and vegetable intake during infancy with frequency of fruit and vegetable intake at age 6 years in a cohort of US children. We analyzed data on fruit and vegetable intake during late infancy, age of fruit and vegetable ...
Brunt Jason J Gut Health and Food Safety, Institute of Food Research (IFR), Norwich Research Park, Colney, Norwich, Norfolk, United - - 2014
Clostridium botulinum is a dangerous pathogen that forms the highly potent botulinum toxin, which when ingested causes a deadly neuroparalytic disease. The closely related Clostridium sporogenes is occasionally pathogenic, frequently associated with food spoilage and regarded as the non-toxigenic equivalent of Group I C. botulinum. Both species form highly resistant ...
Santos Milla G MG University of São Paulo, Faculty of Animal Science and Food Engineering, Av. Duque de Caxias Norte, 225, CP 23, CEP 13535 900 Pirassununga, São Paulo, Brazil. Electronic address: - - 2015
The objective of this study was to produce and characterise xylitol microcapsules for use in foods, in order to prolong the sweetness and cooling effect provided by this ingredient. Complex coacervation was employed as the microencapsulation method. A preliminary double emulsion step was performed due to the hydrophilicity of xylitol. ...
Landais Edwige E 1Institute of Research for Development (IRD),UMR Nutripass,IRD-UM2-UM1,911 avenue Agropolis,BP 64501,34394 Montpellier Cedex - - 2014
To estimate daily fruit and vegetable intakes and to investigate socio-economic and behavioural differences in fruit and vegetable consumption among urban Moroccan women. A cross-sectional survey. Fruit and vegetable intake was measured with a single 24 h recall. Settings A representative population-based survey conducted in the area of Rabat-Salé. Women ...
McClain Craig R CR National Evolutionary Synthesis Center, 2024 West Main Street, Suite A200, Durham, NC 27705, USA Department of Biology, Duke University, PO Box 90338, Durham, NC 27708, USA - - 2014
The diversity of reproductive strategies in nature is shaped by a plethora of factors including energy availability. For example, both low temperatures and limited food availability could increase larval exposure to predation by slowing development, selecting against pelagic and/or feeding larvae. The frequency of hermaphroditism could increase under low food ...
Pineda-Munoz Silvia S Department of Biological Sciences, Macquarie University, Sydney, New South Wales 2109, Australia - - 2014
Understanding the feeding behaviour of the species that make up any ecosystem is essential for designing further research. Mammals have been studied intensively, but the criteria used for classifying their diets are far from being standardized. We built a database summarizing the dietary preferences of terrestrial mammals using published data ...
Brodehl Antje A BAM Federal Institute for Materials Research and Testing; Department of Analytical Chemistry, Reference Materials, Richard-Willstätter-Straße 11, 12489, Berlin, Germany; BAM Federal Institute for Materials Research and Testing, Department of Materials and Environment, Unter den Eichen 87, 12205, Berlin, - - 2014
Zearalenone (ZEN) is a non-steroidal estrogenic mycotoxin biosynthesized by various Fusarium fungi. These fungal species frequently infest grains; therefore, ZEN represents a common contaminant in cereal products. The biotransformation of ZEN differs significantly from species to species, and several metabolites are known to be formed by animals, plants, and microorganisms. The ...
Contreras Mariela M Department of Women's and Children's Health, Uppsala University, Uppsala, - - 2014
Appropriate feeding behaviours are important for child growth and development. In societies undergoing nutrition transition, new food items are introduced that may be unfavourable for child health. Set in rural Nicaragua, the aim of this study was to describe the infant and young child feeding (IYCF) practices as well as ...
Troell Max M Beijer Institute of Ecological Economics, Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences, SE-104 05 Stockholm, Sweden;Stockholm Resilience Centre, Stockholm University, SE-106 91 Stockholm, Sweden; - - 2014
Aquaculture is the fastest growing food sector and continues to expand alongside terrestrial crop and livestock production. Using portfolio theory as a conceptual framework, we explore how current interconnections between the aquaculture, crop, livestock, and fisheries sectors act as an impediment to, or an opportunity for, enhanced resilience in the ...
Claus Sandrine Paule SP Department of Food and Nutritional Sciences, University of Reading, Reading, - - 2014
There is growing interest in applying metabolic profiling technologies to food science as this approach is now embedded into the foodomics toolbox. This review aims at exploring how metabolic profiling can be applied to the development of functional foods. One of the biggest challenges of modern nutrition is to propose ...
Tian Wen-Rui WR a Department of Food Science and Technology , Agricultural University of Hebei , Baoding , P. R. - - 2014
This review assesses the state-of-the-art concerning semicarbazide (SEM). Originally, SEM was primarily detected as a nitrofurazone veterinary metabolite, but over time, scientists gradually found that azodicarbonamide in sealed cans and flour could also lead to the generation of SEM. This discovery makes the study SEM particularly interesting. At present, an ...
Kadam Ashish A AA UMR A 02.102 PAM, Université de Bourgogne-AgroSup Dijon, Equipe PAPC, 1 Esplanade Erasme, 21000, Dijon, - - 2014
The mass transfer parameters, diffusion and sorption, in food and packaging or between them, are the key parameters for assessing the food product's shelf-life in reference to consumers' safety. This has become of paramount importance due to the legislations set by the regulated markets. The technical capabilities have been growing ...
Keogh Kat - - 2014
Burgers, chips and fatty foods being served up in hospital canteens could soon become a thing of the past, if Simon Stevens gets his way.
Balasubramanian S S a Central Institute of Agricultural Engineering , Bhopal , 462 038 , - - 2014
ABSTRACT Glass transition phenomenon has been employed to food products to study their stability. It can be applied as an integrated approach along with water activity, physical and chemical changes in food in processing and storage to determine the food stability. Also associated with the changes during agglomeration, crystallization, caking, ...
Bali Vandana V a Biotechnology Research Laboratory, Department of Food Engineering and Technology, Sant Longowal Institute of Engineering and Technology , Longowal , 148106 , - - 2014
Abstract In modern era, there is great need for food preservation in both developing and developed countries due to increasing demand for extending shelf life and prevention of spoilage of food material. With the emergence of new pathogens and ability of micro-organisms to undergo changes, exploration of new avenues for ...
Rad Aziz Homayoni AH a Department of Food Science and Technology, Faculty of Health and Nutrition , Tabriz University of Medical Sciences , Tabriz , - - 2014
Abstract Probiotics are live bacteria which have frequently been reported to be beneficial in preventing a wide range of diseases as well as playing a major role in treating the existing ailments. Thus far, a variety of probiotic products have been developed which can be categorized into two groups: probiotic ...
Friedman Jeffery J J Friedman, ., Rockefeller University, New York, United States - - 2014
Historically, adipose tissue was considered to be a passive storage vessel discharging nutrients in times of famine and accumulating fat in times of surfeit. This view changed with the identification of leptin as an adipocyte hormone. Leptin functions as an afferent signal in a negative feedback loop that regulates food ...
No Elizabeth E University of Auckland, School of Population Health, Private Bag 92019, Auckland Mail Centre - Auckland 1142 - New - - 2014
Food marketing is recognized as an important factor influencing children's food preferences and consumption. The purpose of this study was to examine the nature and extent of unhealthy food marketing and non-branded food references in magazines targeted at and popular among children and adolescents 10-17 years in New Zealand. A ...
Bergmann Tiest Wouter M WM MOVE Research Institute, VU University Amsterdam, the Netherlands; Institut des Systèmes Intelligents et de Robotique, Université Pierre et Marie Curie, Paris, France. Electronic address: - - 2014
In this paper, studies into the tactual perception of two liquid material properties, viscosity and wetness, are reviewed. These properties are very relevant in the context of interaction with liquids, both real, such as cosmetics or food products, and simulated, as in virtual reality or teleoperation. Both properties have been ...
de-Graft Aikins Ama A a Regional Institute for Population Studies , University of Ghana , Legon , - - 2014
Abstract Ghanaian women's food beliefs and practices during pregnancy and the scope for developing more effective maternal health interventions were explored in this study. Thirty-five multi-ethnic Ghanaian women between the ages of 29 and 75 were interviewed about pregnancy food beliefs and practices. Based on the data analysis I show ...
Graf Lynda L Risk Assessment Branch, Food Standards Australia New Zealand, Canberra, Australia. Electronic address: - - 2014
A scientific approach to the assessment of foods derived from genetically engineered (GE) crops is critical to maintaining objectivity and public confidence in regulatory decisions. Principles developed at the international level support regulators and enable robust and transparent safety assessments. A comparison of key constituents in the GE crop with ...
Leroy Frédéric F Research Group of Industrial Microbiology and Food Biotechnology (IMDO), Faculty of Sciences and Bioengineering Sciences, Vrije Universiteit Brussel, Brussels, - - 2014
This review presents an overview of recent studies on the production of functional fermented foods, of both traditional and innovative natures, and the mapping of the functional compounds involved. The functional aspects of fermented foods are mostly related to the concept of probiotic bacteria or the targeted microbial generation of ...
Nsoesie Elaine O EO Children's Hospital Informatics Program, Boston Children's Hospital, Boston, MA, 02215, USA; Department of Pediatrics, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA 02215, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
Traditional surveillance systems capture only a fraction of the estimated 48million yearly cases of foodborne illness in the United States. We assessed whether foodservice reviews on Yelp.com (a business review site) can be used to support foodborne illness surveillance efforts. We obtained reviews from 2005 to 2012 of 5824 foodservice ...
Petroni Katia K Dipartimento di Bioscienze, Università degli Studi di Milano, Via Celoria 26, 20133, Milan, Italy, - - 2014
Different epidemiological and preclinical studies have demonstrated that regular consumption of anthocyanin-rich foods is associated to a reduced risk of chronic diseases, such as cardiovascular diseases, cancer and obesity. However, assigning a health property to anthocyanins or other classes of flavonoids may be limited by the influence of other metabolites ...
Jensen Kasper K Center for Biological Sequence Analysis, Department of Systems Biology, Technical University of Denmark, Kemitorvet, Building 208, DK-2800 Lyngby, - - 2014
There is rising evidence of an inverse association between chronic diseases and diets characterized by rich fruit and vegetable consumption. Dietary components may act directly or indirectly on the human genome and modulate multiple processes involved in disease risk and disease progression. However, there is currently no exhaustive resource on ...
Alcock Joe J Department of Emergency Medicine, University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, NM, - - 2014
Microbes in the gastrointestinal tract are under selective pressure to manipulate host eating behavior to increase their fitness, sometimes at the expense of host fitness. Microbes may do this through two potential strategies: (i) generating cravings for foods that they specialize on or foods that suppress their competitors, or (ii) ...
Traill W Bruce WB Department of Food Economics and Marketing, University of Reading, Reading, - - 2014
The Second International Conference on Nutrition, organized by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations and the World Health Organization, will take place in November 2014. In 1992, the First International Conference on Nutrition declared, "Hunger and malnutrition are unacceptable." Twenty-two years later, it is timely to revisit ...
Melling Deborah D Master of Science Student,Department of Psychology,University of - - 2014
Aim The purpose of this research is to explore whether general practitioners have experiences with functional foods within their clinical practice. Previous research and editorials have suggested that general practitioners should have more involvement and knowledge of functional foods. This is due to the thought that functional foods may be ...
Ofei K T KT Research Group for Meal Science & Public Health Nutrition, Department of Development and Planning Aalborg University Copenhagen, Denmark. Electronic address: - - 2014
This study investigated the generation of trolley food waste at the ward level in a hospital in order to provide recommendations for how practice could be changed to reduce food waste. Three separate focus group discussions were held with 4 nurses, 4 dietitians and 4 service assistants engaged in food ...
Yang Wen-Zhi WZ Shanghai Research Center for Modernization of Traditional Chinese Medicine, National Engineering Laboratory for TCM Standardization Technology, Shanghai Institute of Materia Medica, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 501 Haike Road, Shanghai 201203, - - 2014
The Panax genus is a crucial source of natural medicines that has benefited human health for a long time. Three valuable medicinal herbs, namely Panax ginseng, Panax quinquefolius, and Panax notoginseng, have received considerable interest due to their extensive application in clinical therapy, healthcare products, and as foods and food ...
Jovanović Boris B Chair for Fish Diseases and Fisheries Biology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Ludwig Maximilian University of Munich (LMU), Munich, Germany; Center for Nanoscience (CeNS), LMU, Munich, Germany; Visiting Scientist, Department of Biology, Middle East Technical University, Ankara, - - 2014
From 1916-2011, an estimated total of 165,050,000 metric tonnes of titanium dioxide pigment were produced worldwide. Current safety regulations on the usage of the TiO2 pigment as an inactive ingredient additive in human food are based on legislation from 1969 and are arguably outdated. This paper compiles new research results ...
Di Noia Jennifer J Department of Sociology, William Paterson University, Wayne, New Jersey, - - 2014
Although low-income youth are likely to have low or less frequent fruit and vegetable intake, current understanding of the influences on intake in youth is limited. A systematic review of quantitative research on determinants of fruit and vegetable intake among low-income youth (i.e., persons aged <20 years) was conducted. The ...
Atungulu Griffiths G GG Food Science Department, University of Arkansas, Fayetteville, - - 2014
Various processing methods are used in the food industry worldwide to produce numerous rice products with desirable sensory qualities based on cultural and cooking preferences and nutritional considerations. The processes result in variable degrees of macro- and micronutrient content, stability, and retention, depending on rice variety and original nutritional quality. ...
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