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Halford Nigel G NG Department of Plant Biology and Crop Science, Rothamsted Research, Harpenden, Hertfordshire, - - 2014
The development and marketing of 'novel' genetically modified (GM) crops in which composition has been deliberately altered poses a challenge to the European Union (EU)'s risk assessment processes, which are based on the concept of substantial equivalence with a non-GM comparator. This article gives some examples of these novel GM ...
Mason Peri A PA University of Colorado Boulder, - - 2014
Advances in ecological immunity have illustrated that, like vertebrates, insects exhibit adaptive immunity, including induced changes in feeding behavior that aid the immune system. In particular, recent studies have pointed to the importance of protein intake in mounting an immune response. In this study, we tested the hypothesis that the ...
Jones Julie Miller - - 2014
A comprehensive dietary fiber (DF) definition was adopted by the CODEX Alimentarius Commission (CAC) (1) to reflect the current state of knowledge about DF, (2) to recognize that all substances that behave like fiber regardless of how they are produced can be named as DF if they show physiological benefits, ...
Payne Collin R CR New Mexico State University, United States. Electronic address: - - 2014
Grocery stores represent a context in which a majority of people's food purchases occur. Considering the nutrition quality of the population's food intake has dramatically decreased, understanding how to improve food choice in the grocery store is paramount to healthier living. In this work, we detail the type of financial ...
North Michelle L ML Department of Biomedical and Molecular Sciences, Queen's University, Kingston, Ontario, Canada; Allergy Research Unit, Kingston General Hospital, Kingston, Ontario, Canada; Division of Allergy and Immunology, Department of Medicine, Queen's University, Kingston, Ontario, - - 2014
To review recent evidence relating phthalate exposures to allergies and asthma and to provide an overview for clinicians interested in the relevance of environmental health research to allergy and who may encounter patients with concerns about phthalates from media reports. PubMed, TOXLINE, and Web of Science were searched using the ...
Zepeda Lydia L Department of Consumer Science, University of Wisconsin-Madison, 1300 Linden Drive, Madison WI 53706 USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
The purpose of this research is to investigate whether mobile food markets may be effective in facilitating healthy food choices in food deserts. We investigate who does and does not use mobile food markets and why, and whether mobile markets have the potential to alter attitudes and food choices, and ...
Wilson Mark E ME Division of Developmental & Cognitive Neuroscience, Yerkes National Primate Research Center, Emory University, Atlanta GA 30322. Electronic address: - - 2014
This article is part of a Special Issue "Energy Balance". Ingestive behavior in free-ranging populations of nonhuman primates is influenced by resource availability and social group organization and provides valuable insight on the evolution of ecologically adaptive behaviors and physiological systems. As captive populations were established, questions regarding proximate mechanisms ...
Crespi Erica J EJ School of Biological Sciences, Washington State University, Pullman, WA 99164. Electronic address: - - 2014
The development of neuroendocrine regulation of food intake during early life has been shaped by natural selection to allow for optimal growth and development rates needed for survival. In vertebrates, neonates or early larval forms typically exhibit "feeding drive," characterized by a developmental delay in 1) responsiveness of the hypothalmus ...
- - 2014
People who are genetically predisposed to obesity may be more susceptible to the adverse effects of eating fried foods, according to a study in the US.
Ronit K K Department of Political Science, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen Ø, - - 2014
Objective:Obesity is a growing concern at national and international levels, and it is increasingly recognised that the industry has a role in and hence needs to be involved in halting the obesity epidemic. The objective of this study is to describe, analyse and evaluate research on industry self-regulation regarding food ...
Davies Scott S School of Life Sciences, Arizona State University, Tempe, AZ 85287-4501, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
The decision of when to breed is crucial to the reproductive success and fitness of seasonally breeding birds. The availability of food for adults prior to breeding has long been thought to play a critical role in timing the initiation of seasonal reproductive events, in particular laying. However, unequivocal evidence ...
Praticò Andrea D AD Unit of Pediatric Pneumoallergology and Cystic Fibrosis, University of Catania, Catania, - - 2014
Egg allergy is the second most frequent food allergy in children of the Western Countries, with an overall prevalence of 1-3%. Today strict avoidance diet is the only treatment, but its feasibility is difficult to obtain in childhood because of the large amount of egg proteins present in different foods. ...
Archer Will W Department of Human Evolution, Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology, Deutscher Platz 6, Leipzig 04103, Germany. Electronic address: - - 2014
Evidence for the acquisition of nutritionally dense food resources by early Pleistocene hominins has implications for both hominin biology and behavior. Aquatic fauna may have comprised a source of highly nutritious resources to hominins in the Turkana Basin at ∼1.95 Ma. Here we employ multiple datasets to examine the issue of ...
Bauer S S Department of Bird Migration, Swiss Ornithological Institute, 6204 Sempach, - - 2014
Animal migrations span the globe, involving immense numbers of individuals from a wide range of taxa. Migrants transport nutrients, energy, and other organisms as they forage and are preyed upon throughout their journeys. These highly predictable, pulsed movements across large spatial scales render migration a potentially powerful yet underappreciated dimension ...
Araus Jose Luis JL University of Barcelona, Barcelona, - - 2014
Food security is a global concern in view of the ongoing global (social and climate) change. The challenges to food security from global climate change, sharply increasing food and feed demands, coupled with degradation and scarcity of natural resources, are indeed urgent and real (Prasanna et al. 2013). Crop production ...
Powell Bronwen - - 2014
There are few publications on the use and diversity of wild leafy vegetables (WLVs) in Morocco. In order to address this gap, we conducted ethnobotanical field work in Taounate, Azilal and El House regions. Ethnobotanical collections, free listing, qualitative interviews and a 7 day food frequency. More than 30 species ...
Anna Claret C IRTA-Food Technology, XaRTA. Finca Camps i Armet, E-17121 Monells, - - 2014
Aquaculture is a food-producing activity, alternative to traditional extractive fishing, which still acts as a reference for most consumers. The main objective of the present paper was to study which consumer beliefs, regarding farmed versus wild fish, hinder the potential development of the aquaculture sector. To achieve this purpose the ...
Faergeman Ole O Cardiology Department B, Aarhus University Hospital, Aarhus, - - 2014
The relationship of cardiovascular disease to food has become more complicated on a scientific level yet starkly simpler on the level of policies for producing food for planetary as well as human health. Accordingly, we argue that professional societies in medicine should take a broader view of the scientific methods ...
Straumann Alex A Swiss EoE Clinic, Department of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, University Hospital Basel, , Basel, - - 2014
The identification of a distinct syndrome, designated eosinophilic oesophagitis (EoE), with its own clinical and histopathological characteristics, was first described in the early 1990s. Meanwhile intense research has uncovered many molecular, immunological and clinical aspects of this chronic-inflammatory disorder. This article focuses exclusively on basic and clinical insights of EoE ...
Popovic Igor I 1 Griffith University , School of Public Health, Brisbane, Australia - - 2014
Abstract Despite having a low occurrence rate, Listeria monocytogenes is one of the most prominent foodborne pathogens in Australia. The organism is responsible for severe outbreaks with high case fatality and substantial economic losses due to food recalls. In this study, we analyze the incidence trends of listeriosis in Australia ...
Muraro A A The Referral Centre for Food Allergy Diagnosis and Treatment Veneto Region, Department of Mother and Child Health, University of Padua, Padua, - - 2014
Food allergy can have significant effects on morbidity and quality of life and can be costly in terms of medical visits and treatments. There is therefore considerable interest in generating efficient approaches that may reduce the risk of developing food allergy. This guideline has been prepared by the European Academy ...
Yan Jing - - 2014
Adequate dietary intake is essential to maintain good health. This is particularly true for the elderly. This study investigated the dietary intakes of seniors residing in Newfoundland and Labrador (NL) and assessed the adequacy of nutrients which they consumed as food. Between November 2012 and January 2013, we recruited senior ...
Venter Carina C aUniversity of Portsmouth, Portsmouth, UK bThe David Hide Asthma and Allergy Research Centre, Isle of Wight cJaffe Food Allergy Institute, Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai, New York, New York, - - 2014
To summarize the latest information on the nutritional management of food protein-induced enterocolitis syndrome (FPIES), focusing on the foods implicated and how to avoid these whilst maintaining a nutritionally sound diet. A number of foods are implicated in FPIES such as milk, soy and grains, particularly rice. The number of ...
Kolasinski Sharon L SL Division of Rheumatology, Cooper Medical School of Rowan University, Education and Research Building, 401 Haddon Avenue, Camden, NJ, 08103, USA, - - 2014
Gout was first recognized as a distinct clinical entity in antiquity. Our understanding of the epidemiology and treatment of gout has evolved over millennia intertwined with observations about social class and plant and animal sources of food, beverages and medicines. Investigators have identified various aspects of diet that relate to ...
Dai Qiong Q a College of Light Industry and Food Sciences , South China University of Technology , Guangzhou , 510641 , - - 2014
Abstract There is an increased interest in the applications of hyperspectral imaging (HSI) for assessing food quality, safety and authenticity. HSI provides abundance of spatial and spectral information from foods by combining both spectroscopy and imaging, resulting in hundreds of contiguous wavebands for each spatial position of food samples, also ...
La Frano Michael R MR Department of Nutrition, University of California, Davis, Davis, California, USA; Western Human Nutrition Research Center, United States Department of Agriculture, Davis, California, - - 2014
International research efforts, including those funded by HarvestPlus, a Challenge Program of the Consultative Group on International Agricultural Research (CGIAR), are focusing on conventional plant breeding to biofortify staple crops such as maize, rice, cassava, beans, wheat, sweet potatoes, and pearl millet to increase the concentrations of micronutrients that are ...
Qu Jia-Huan JH a College of Light Industry and Food Sciences , South China University of Technology , Guangzhou , 510641 , PR - - 2014
Abstract Food safety is of critical public concern, and has drawn great attention in society. Consequently, developments of rapid, robust and accurate methods and techniques for food safety evaluation and control are required. As a nondestructive and convenient tool, near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) has been widely shown to be a promising ...
Ma Ji J a College of Light Industry and Food Sciences , South China University of Technology , Guangzhou , 510641 , PR - - 2014
Abstract With consumer concerns increasing over food quality and safety, the food industry has begun to pay much more attention to the development of rapid and reliable food evaluation systems over the years. As a result, there is a great need for manufacturers and retailers to operate real-time effective assessments ...
Dohle Simone S a ETH - - 2014
Abstract Objective: Research has demonstrated that emotional eating (eating induced by negative affect or distress) is associated with overconsumption and weight gain. This study tests whether recreational physical activity attenuates the relationship between emotional eating and body weight. Design: Analyses are based on the second (2011) and third (2012) wave ...
Xu Zhongyue Z a College of Light Industry & Food Sciences , South China University of Technology , Guangzhou , 510641 , PR - - 2014
Abstract Global warming is a worldwide issue with its evident impact across a wide range of systems and sectors. It is caused by a number of greenhouse gases (GHGs) emissions, in which food system has made up of a large part. Recently, reduction of GHG emissions has become an urgent ...
Donatelli Reginaldo José RJ 1 Laboratório de Ornitologia, Departamento de Ciências Biológicas, FC-UNESP, Caixa Postal 473, 17001-970, Bauru, SP, - - 2014
Associations among feeding habit, beak type, and food source in birds have been widely studied and are well known to exist. The relationship between feeding habit and jaw apparatus in birds has not attracted attention from ornithologists, perhaps because of the complexity of the skeletal morphology of the feeding system ...
Reicks Marla M Department of Food Science and Nutrition, University of Minnesota, St Paul, MN. Electronic address: - - 2014
Cooking programs are growing in popularity; however, an extensive review has not examined their overall impact. Therefore, this study reviewed previous research on cooking/home food preparation interventions and diet and health-related outcomes among adults and identified implications for practice and research. Literature review and descriptive summative method. Dietary intake, knowledge/skills, ...
Kolahdooz Fariba F a Aboriginal and Global Health Research Group, Department of Medicine , University of Alberta , Edmonton , Alberta , - - 2014
Objective: Inuvialuit in Arctic Canada are experiencing a nutritional and lifestyle transition, characterized by a declining consumption of traditional foods, increased consumption of non-nutrient-dense store-bought foods (NNDF), and reduced levels of physical activity with a concurrent rise in chronic diseases. The aim of the present study was to determine dietary ...
Radauer C - - 2014
The IUIS Allergen Nomenclature Sub-Committee, under the auspices of the World Health Organization and the International Union of Immunological Societies, maintains the systematic nomenclature of allergenic proteins and publishes a database of approved allergen names on its Web site, www.allergen.org. In this paper, we summarize updates of allergen names approved ...
Gill Sarvajeet Singh SS Centre for Biotechnology; MD University; Rohtak, - - 2014
Crop improvement has been a basic and essential chase since organized cultivation of crops began thousands of years ago. Abiotic stresses as a whole are regarded as the crucial factors restricting the plant species to reach their full genetic potential to deliver desired productivity. The changing global climatic conditions are ...
Taylor David W DW Department of Biology, University of Portland, Portland, Oregon 97203 - - 2014
People retain culinary customs when they migrate. We tested this commitment via the study of Puerto Rican fresh produce markets in the continental United States over time, 18 yr, and space, by comparisons with source markets in Puerto Rico (PR). A survey of Puerto Rican markets in Hartford (HT), Connecticut ...
Feuille Elizabeth E Department of Pediatrics, Jaffe Food Allergy Institute, Division of Allergy and Immunology, Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai, New York, New York, - - 2014
Food protein-induced enterocolitis syndrome (FPIES) is a poorly understood non-IgE-mediated food hypersensitivity, primarily affecting infants and toddlers. There are few data regarding pathophysiology of FPIES that suggest local intestinal imbalance between TNF-α and TGF-β. Patients frequently present with multiple reactions, which are characterized by projectile, repetitive emesis, dehydration, lethargy, and ...
Parenky Ashwin A Mercer University, 3001 Mercer University Drive, Atlanta, Georgia, 30341, USA, - - 2014
A "Late Breaking" session was held on May 20 at the 2013 American Association of Pharmaceutical Scientists-National Biotech Conference (AAPS-NBC) to discuss the US Food and Drug Administration's (FDA) 2013 draft guidance on Immunogenicity Assessment for Therapeutic Protein Products. The session was initiated by a presentation from the FDA which ...
Ockendon Nancy N British Trust for Ornithology, The Nunnery, Thetford IP24 2PU, - - 2014
Shifts in species' distribution and abundance in response to climate change have been well documented, but the underpinning processes are still poorly understood. We present the results of a systematic literature review and meta-analysis investigating the frequency and importance of different mechanisms by which climate has impacted natural populations. Most ...
Surendiran Gangadaran G Department of Human Nutritional Sciences and Canadian Centre for Agri-food Research in Health and Medicine, University of Manitoba, Winnipeg, MB, - - 2014
Wild rice (Zizania spp.) seems to have originated in North America and then dispersed into Eastern Asia and other parts of the world. Nutritional analysis shows that wild rice is rich in minerals, vitamins, protein, starch, dietary fiber, and various antioxidant phytochemicals, while it is low in fat. Wild rice ...
Leung Christy Y Y CY Center for Human Growth and Development, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, - - 2014
Despite increased attention to the role of temperament in children's obesogenic eating behaviors, there is a paucity of research examining whether different dimensions of temperament may be differentially associated with specific eating behaviors among preschool-age children. The purpose of the current study was to examine whether three temperament dimensions (surgency, ...
Szakal Christopher C Materials Measurement Science Division, National Institute of Standards and Technology , Gaithersburg, Maryland 20899-8371, United - - 2014
The risks and benefits of nanomaterials in foods and food contact materials receive conflicting international attention across expert stakeholder groups as well as in news media coverage and published research. Current nanomaterial characterization is complicated by the lack of accepted approaches to measure exposure-relevant occurrences of suspected nanomaterials in food ...
Fitt Emily E MRC Human Nutrition Research, Elsie Widdowson Laboratory, 120 Fulbourn Road, Cambridge CB1 9NL, - - 2014
The current paper describes Diet In Nutrients Out (DINO), an integrated dietary assessment system incorporating dietary data entry and nutritional analysis within one platform for use in dietary assessment in small-scale intervention studies to national surveys. DINO contains >6000 food items, mostly aggregated composites of branded foods, across thirty-one main ...
Ebling Francis J P FJ School of Life Sciences, University of Nottingham Medical School, Queen's Medical Centre, Nottingham, NG7 2UH, UK. Electronic address: - - 2014
Seasonal cycles of adiposity and body weight reflecting changes in both food intake and energy expenditure are the norm in mammals that have evolved in temperate and polar habitats. Innate circannual rhythmicity and direct responses to the annual change in photoperiod combine to ensure that behavior and energy metabolism are ...
Moelzner Jana J Cologne Biocenter, Workgroup Aquatic Chemical Ecology, University of Cologne, - - 2014
1.Foraging success generally depends on various environmental and physiological factors. Particularly for organisms with limited motility such as gastropods, food searching is a very cost-intensive process. As energy gain through foraging is dependent on both resource quality and quantity, consumers have to be able to differentiate between varying resource items. ...
Thornton Philip K PK CGIAR Research Programme on Climate Change, Agriculture and Food Security (CCAFS), ILRI, PO Box 30709, Nairobi, 00100, - - 2014
The focus of the great majority of climate change impact studies is on changes in mean climate. In terms of climate model output, these changes are more robust than changes in climate variability. By concentrating on changes in climate means, the full impacts of climate change on biological and human ...
Finestone Emma E The Lester E. Fisher Center for the Study and Conservation of Apes, Lincoln Park Zoo, - - 2014
The foraging activity of chimpanzees requires individuals to balance personal preferences with nutrient requirements, food availability, and interactions with members of their social group. To determine whether chimpanzee food preferences are fixed or malleable across varying socio-ecological contexts, we presented six zoo-housed chimpanzees with pairwise combinations of four different foods ...
More J A JA School of Health Professions, Plymouth University, Plymouth, - - 2014
Healthy eating guidelines for 1-4-year-old children are available but evidence-based portion sizes have not been specified. Parents and early-years providers are concerned about under- or over-feeding young children. The present study aimed to report detailed information about appropriate average portion size ranges and suggest a practical food plan for feeding ...
Heymann Eckhard W EW Abteilung Verhaltensökologie & Soziobiologie, Deutsches Primatenzentrum, Kellnerweg 4, D-37077, Göttingen, - - 2014
Throughout many regions of the tropics, non-primate animals - mainly birds and mammals - have been observed to follow primate groups and to exploit dropped food and flushed prey. The anecdotal nature of most of the numerous reports on these primate-non-primate associations (PNPAs) may obscure the biological significance of such associations. We review the ...
Veling Harm H Department of Psychology, Utrecht University, The Netherlands; Behavioural Science Institute, Radboud University Nijmegen, The Netherlands. Electronic address: - - 2014
Because eating behavior can take on an impulsive nature many people experience difficulty with dieting to lose weight. Therefore, an experiment was conducted to test the effectiveness of two interventions targeting impulsive processes of eating behavior to facilitate weight loss: Implementation intentions to remind people about dieting versus a go/no-go ...
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