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Za-Cka Aneta A Department of Functional Food, Organic Food and Commodities, Warsaw University of Life Sciences, 02-776, Warszawa, - - 2014
After several meta-analysis studies were published, comparing the quality of food derived from organic and non-organic origin, it is still not clear if food from organic production per se can guarantee product related added-values to consumers. This paper aims to summarize the status-quo in order to identify research gaps and ...
Bellwood David R DR 1] School of Marine and Tropical Biology, James Cook University, Townsville, Queensland 4811, Australia [2] Australian Research Council Centre of Excellence for Coral Reef Studies, James Cook University, Townsville, Queensland 4811, - - 2014
Interactions between fishes and the benthos have shaped the development of marine ecosystems since at least the early Mesozoic. Here, using the morphology of fish teeth as an indicator of feeding abilities, we quantify changes over the last 240 million years of reef fish evolution. Fossil and extant coral reef ...
Kussaga Jamal B JB Department of Food Science and Technology, Faculty of Agriculture, Sokoine University of Agriculture, P.O. Box 3006, Morogoro, Tanzania; Department of Food Safety and Food Quality, Laboratory of Food Preservation and Food Microbiology, Faculty of Bioscience Engineering, University of Ghent, Coupure Links, 653, 9000, Ghent, - - 2014
This study seeks to provide insight into current deficiencies in Food Safety Management Systems (FSMS) in African food processing companies and to identify possible strategies for improvement so as to contribute to African countries' efforts to provide safe food to both local and international markets. This study found that most ...
Penney Tarra L TL Applied Research Collaborations for Health, Dalhousie University, - - 2014
The prevention of childhood obesity is a global priority. However, a range of complex social and environmental influences is implicated in the development of obesity and chronic disease that goes beyond the notion of individual choice. A population-level approach recognises the importance of access to and availability of healthy foods ...
Nifong James C JC Department of Biology, University of Florida, Gainesville, Florida, United States of - - 2014
Large-bodied, top- and apex predators (e.g., crocodilians, sharks, wolves, killer whales) can exert strong top-down effects within ecological communities through their interactions with prey. Due to inherent difficulties while studying the behavior of these often dangerous predatory species, relatively little is known regarding their feeding behaviors and activity patterns, information ...
Selhub Eva M - - 2014
The purposeful application of fermentation in food and beverage preparation, as a means to provide palatability, nutritional value, preservative, and medicinal properties, is an ancient practice. Fermented foods and beverages continue to make a significant contribution to the overall patterns of traditional dietary practices. As our knowledge of the human ...
Zeeb Benjamin B Department of Food Physics and Meat Science, Institute of Food Science and Biotechnology, University of Hohenheim, Garbenstrasse 21/25, 70599 StutTGaseart, Germany. - - 2014
Food dispersions have become essential vehicles to carry and deliver functional ingredients such as bioactive compounds, flavors, antimicrobials, antioxidants, colors and vitamins. Most of these systems are thermodynamically unstable tending to break down over time. Much research has therefore been carried out to develop methodologies to improve their long-term stability. ...
Williams J J British Heart Foundation Health Promotion Research Group, Nuffield Department of Population Health, University of Oxford, Oxford, - - 2014
The high prevalence of childhood obesity has led to questions about the influence of 'obesogenic' environments on children's health. Public health interventions targeting the retail food environment around schools have been proposed, but it is unclear if they are evidence based. This systematic review investigates associations between food outlets near ...
Werling Ben P BP Department of Entomology, Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI - - 2014
Agriculture is being challenged to provide food, and increasingly fuel, for an expanding global population. Producing bioenergy crops on marginal lands-farmland suboptimal for food crops-could help meet energy goals while minimizing competition with food production. However, the ecological costs and benefits of growing bioenergy feedstocks-primarily annual grain crops-on marginal lands ...
Datar Ashlesha A Dornsife Center for Economic and Social Research (CESR), University of Southern California, 12025 E Waterfront Drive, Playa Vista, CA 90094, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
Mothers' work hours are likely to affect their time allocation towards activities related to children's diet, activity and well-being. For example, mothers who work more may be more reliant on processed foods, foods prepared away from home and school meal programs for their children's meals. A greater number of work ...
Idriss Atef Wafic AW Lions Bldg. # 301 - 126 Sourati Street, P.O.Box: 113-6382 - Beirut - - - 2014
Food safety and quality control are increasingly a major issue with the globalization of agricultural trade, on one side, and intensification of agriculture, on the other. Consumer protection has become a priority in policy-making amongst the large economies of the MENA countries following a number of food safety incidents. To ...
Cheeseman Kevin K 1] INRA, UMR1319 Micalis, F-78352 Jouy-en-Josas, France [2] Genomic Vision, 80-84 rue des Meuniers, 92220 Bagneux, France [3] AgroParisTech, UMR Micalis, F-78352 Jouy-en-Josas, France - - 2014
While the extent and impact of horizontal transfers in prokaryotes are widely acknowledged, their importance to the eukaryotic kingdom is unclear and thought by many to be anecdotal. Here we report multiple recent transfers of a huge genomic island between Penicillium spp. found in the food environment. Sequencing of the ...
Kennedy Betty M BM The Pennington Biomedical Research Center, Baton Rouge, Louisiana, - - 2014
The prevention of weight gain to address the obesity epidemic rather than weight loss involves promoting small changes in food choices and physical activity. People United to Sustain Health (PUSH) was designed to increase fruit and vegetable consumption, physical activity, and food security to prevent weight gain in rural adults. ...
Sarkar Dipayan D Department of Plant Sciences, North Dakota State University, Fargo, ND 58108-6050; email: - - 2014
Plant phenolics as secondary metabolites are key to a plant's defense response against biotic and abiotic stresses. These phytochemicals are also increasingly relevant to food preservation and human health in terms of chronic disease management. Phenolic compounds from different food crops with different chemical structures and biological functions have the ...
Kentish Sandra S Department of Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering, University of Melbourne, Victoria 3010 Australia; email: - - 2014
Acoustic energy as a form of physical energy has drawn the interests of both industry and scientific communities for its potential use as a food processing and preservation tool. Currently, most such applications deal with ultrasonic waves with relatively high intensities and acoustic power densities and are performed mostly in ...
Endersen Lorraine L Department of Biological Sciences, Cork Institute of Technology, Cork, Ireland; email: - - 2014
Despite advances in modern technologies, the food industry is continuously challenged with the threat of microbial contamination. The overuse of antibiotics has further escalated this problem, resulting in the increasing emergence of antibiotic-resistant foodborne pathogens. Efforts to develop new methods for controlling microbial contamination in food and the food processing ...
Wu Felicia F Department of Food Science and Human Nutrition, Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI 48824; email: - - 2014
Mycotoxins are toxic and carcinogenic metabolites produced by fungi that colonize food crops. The most agriculturally important mycotoxins known today are aflatoxins, which cause liver cancer and have also been implicated in child growth impairment and acute toxicoses; fumonisins, which have been associated with esophageal cancer (EC) and neural tube ...
Russell David A M DA a Sustainable Business Innovation , CH-8854 Siebnen , - - 2014
Packaging has an increasingly essential role to play in preserving the value invested in products by ensuring that they can deliver their designed service with minimum wastage. Food contact materials that deliver more units of service with increasingly fewer inputs of energy and materials, and increasingly fewer negative social, economic ...
Haselmair Ruth - - 2014
Investigations into knowledge about food and medicinal plants in a certain geographic area or within a specific group are an important element of ethnobotanical research. This knowledge is context specific and dynamic due to changing ecological, social and economic circumstances. Migration processes affect food habits and the knowledge and use ...
Cochrane B B Human Nutrition, School of Medicine, College of Medicine, Veterinary and Life Sciences, University of Glasgow, Royal Hospital for Sick Children, Glasgow, - - 2014
There is scarce evidence available with respect to an evaluation of the role of low protein staple foods (LPSF) in the management of phenylketonuria (PKU). The present study explored beliefs, acceptability and issues around the use of LPSF by people with PKU or their carers. A semi-anonymous questionnaire was posted ...
Chao Ariana A Yale School of Nursing, Yale University, New Haven, - - 2014
The purpose of this paper is to provide an analysis of the concept of binge eating in obese adolescents. Rodgers' evolutionary approach was used to frame this analysis. A search was conducted within the Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature, Medline, and PsycINFO for publications between 1980 and ...
Patton-López Megan M MM Benton County Health Services, Corvallis, OR. Electronic address: - - 2014
To examine the prevalence and identify correlates of food insecurity among students attending a rural university in Oregon. Cross-sectional nonprobability survey of 354 students attending a midsize rural university in Oregon during May, 2011. The main outcome was food insecurity measured using the US Department of Agriculture Household Food Security ...
Humphrey Louise T LT Department of Earth Sciences, The Natural History Museum, London SW7 5BD, United - - 2014
Dental caries is an infectious disease that causes tooth decay. The high prevalence of dental caries in recent humans is attributed to more frequent consumption of plant foods rich in fermentable carbohydrates in food-producing societies. The transition from hunting and gathering to food production is associated with a change in ...
Adapa Vijayanand V Department of Biotechnology, Acharya Nagarjuna University, Nagarjuna Nagar, Guntur, 522510, Andra Pradesh, - - 2014
Pectinase has been an integral part of commercial food processing, where it is used for degradation of pectin and facilitates different processing steps such as liquefaction, clarification and juice extraction. The industry currently uses pectinases from mesophilic or thermophilic microorganisms which are well established, but recently, there has been is ...
Costa Joana J REQUIMTE, Departamento de Ciências Químicas, Faculdade de Farmácia, Universidade do Porto, - - 2014
Food-induced allergies have been regarded as an emergent problem of public health. Classified as important allergenic ingredients, the presence of walnut and other nuts as hidden allergens in processed foods constitute a risk for sensitised individuals, being a real problem of allergen management. Attending to the increasing importance dedicated to ...
Norton Jennifer E JE School of Chemical Engineering, University of Birmingham, Birmingham, B15 2TT United Kingdom; email: - - 2014
In addition to providing specific sensory properties (e.g., flavor or textures), there is a need to produce foods that also provide functionality within the gastrointestinal (GI) tract, over and above simple nutrition. As such, there is a need to understand the physical and chemical processes occurring in the mouth, stomach, ...
Borel T T Department of Biological and Agricultural Engineering, LSU Agricultural Center, Louisiana State University, Baton Rouge, LA - - 2014
Food bioactives are known to prevent aging, cancer, and other diseases for an overall improved health of the consumer. Nanodelivery provides a means to control stability, solubility, and bioavailability, and also provides controlled release of food bioactives. There are two main types of nanodelivery systems, liquid and solid. Liquid nanodelivery ...
White Brittany L BL Market Quality and Handling Research Unit, Agricultural Resarch Service, US Department of Agriculture, North Carolina State University, Raleigh, NC 27695; email: - - 2014
Peanut (Arachis hypogaea L.) is an important crop grown worldwide for food and edible oil. The surge of peanut allergy in the past 25 years has profoundly impacted both affected individuals and the peanut and related food industries. In response, several strategies to mitigate peanut allergy have emerged to reduce/eliminate ...
Selway Nichola N School of Chemical Engineering, The University of Queensland, Brisbane, QLD 4072, - - 2014
Foods are rationally designed to be semifluids or soft solids for optimal stabilization of the multiple phases they contain and to provide favorable textural properties. Although rheology provides a guide to physical stability and initial texture perception, measurements on intact foods do not enable predictions of the organoleptic properties experienced ...
Sacchi Raffaele - - 2014
The aim of this chapter is to provide a brief overview of the recent results of studies on extra virgin olive oil (EVOO) and its interactions with other food ingredients during cooking, to highlight basic molecular aspects of the "magic" of EVOO and its role in Mediterranean gastronomy. The use ...
Hansen Peter J - - 2014
Reproduction in domestic animals is under control by man and the technologies developed to facilitate that control have a major impact on the efficiency of food production. Reproduction is an energy-intensive process. In beef cattle, for example, over 50 % of the total feed consumption required to produce a unit ...
Knox Robert V - - 2014
Reproductive technologies have dramatically changed the way pigs are raised for pork production in developed and developing countries. This has involved such areas as pigs produced/sow, more consistent pig flow to market, pig growth rate and feed efficiency, carcass yield and quality, labor efficiency, and pig health. Some reproductive technologies ...
Weber Gregory M - - 2014
The Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) estimates that in 2012 aquaculture production of fish will meet or exceed that of the capture fisheries for the first time. Thus, we have just turned the corner from a predominantly hunting gathering approach to meeting our nutritional needs from ...
van Marle-Köster Esté - - 2014
Africa for the largest part is still regarded as part of the developing world and has a history of political instability, natural disasters, floods and droughts that all had an effect on the development of livestock production systems and the potential application of biotechnologies. It is expected that the human ...
Osawa Takeshi - - 2014
The greatest numbers of domestic animals are raised in Asia. The Asian animal industry is characterized by the involvement of a high percentage of the population, mostly smallholders, of which 95 % rear domestic animals. In exploring the best ways to formulate sustainable society, it is essential to make the ...
Chowdhury Vishwajit S - - 2014
Poultry meat and eggs are valuable sources of dietary protein in almost every country in the world. A number of breeding techniques, methods, and technology have been applied to obtain maximum production under different environmental and economic conditions. Indigenous and local breeds share 90 % of the total population of ...
Yang Jinyi - - 2014
Mycotoxins are small toxic chemical products formed as the secondary metabolites by fungi that readily contaminate foods with toxins in the field or after harvest. The presence of mycotoxins, such as aflatoxins, ochratoxin A, and patulin, in fruits and their processed products is of high concern for human health due ...
Horvitz S - - 2014
Fruits and vegetables consumption has risen noticeably during recent decades, leading to a greater frequency of foodborne illnesses associated with fresh produce. Novel industrial applications and improvements in ozone technology together with new regulatory actions worldwide have emerged in recent years, making its use in the food industry easier. This ...
Pasha Imran - - 2014
The modernization during the last century resulted in urbanization coupled with modifications in lifestyles and dietary habits. In the same era, industrial developments made it easier to meet the requirements for processed foods. However, consumers are now interested in minimally processed foods owing to increase in their awareness to have ...
Buriti Flávia C A - - 2014
Nowadays, food companies are endeavoring to differentiate their products through creative segmentation and positioning strategies based on superior functionality and quality. Some kinds of dairy desserts have shown a great market potential, as a function of consumers interested in healthier and functional products with fine taste and mouthfeel. In this ...
Wu Shiuan-Huei - - 2014
Hunger has been a concern for generations and has continued to plague hundreds of millions of people around the world. Although many efforts have been devoted to reduce hunger, challenges such as growing competitions for natural resources, emerging climate changes and natural disasters, poverty, illiteracy, and diseases are posing threats ...
Khan Avik - - 2014
Global environmental concern, regarding the use of petroleum-based packaging materials, is encouraging researchers and industries in the search for packaging materials from natural biopolymers. Bioactive packaging is gaining more and more interest not only due to its environment friendly nature but also due to its potential to improve food quality ...
Yuliana Nancy Dewi - - 2014
The development of obesity is related to the regulation of energy intake, energy expenditure, and energy storage in the body. Increasing energy expenditure by inducing lipolysis followed by fat oxidation is one of the alternatives which could help to reverse this increasingly widespread condition. Currently, there is no approved drug ...
Sharma Vasundhara - - 2014
Dried leaves of Cinnamomum tamala, also known as Indian bay leaves, are a lesser-known spice used in the Indian subcontinent. It imparts a warm, peppery, clove-cinnamon like flavor to a variety of food preparations. Besides food applications, the leaves have also been traditionally used for curing a number of ailments ...
Peterson Kathryn A KA Division of Gastroenterology, University of Utah, 30 North 1900 East SOM4R118, Salt Lake City, UT, 84132, USA, - - 2014
Eosinophilic esophagitis (EoE) has increasingly been identified in both children and adults. The aim of therapies is to alleviate symptoms while reducing the esophageal inflammation. Mechanical dilation is effective at relieving symptoms, but without the benefit of controlling disease inflammation. Topical steroids appear to be effective at controlling both symptoms ...
Du S F SF Department of Nutrition, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, North Carolina, - - 2014
This study uses unique official data to document nutritional changes in the 1949-1992 period. In 1949, widespread famine, high mortality and low life expectancy dominated. Economic progress was uneven; however, the longer term food supply changed greatly, and hunger was conquered. Diet composition shifted greatly over this period. Cereal consumption, ...
Zhai F Y FY Chinese Nutrition Society, Beijing, - - 2014
China's food consumption patterns and eating and cooking behaviours changed dramatically between 1991 and 2011. Macronutrient composition has shifted towards fats, and protein and sodium intakes remain high and potassium intake low. The rapid decline in intake of coarse grains and, later, of refined grains and increases in intake of ...
Popkin B M BM Department of Nutrition, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, North Carolina, - - 2014
The China Health and Nutrition Survey (CHNS) is important for its insights into current and future diet, physical activity, and obesity-related changes in China and for understanding underlying processes common across low- and middle-income countries (LMICs). While China modernized later than Latin American countries, many changes seen in China echo ...
Sharif Mian Kamran MK a National Institute of Food Science and Technology , University of Agriculture , Faisalabad , 38040 , - - 2014
Rice (Oryza sativa) is the most important staple food for a large part of the world's human population, especially in East and South Asia, the Middle East, Latin America, and the West Indies. It provides more than one fifth of the calories consumed worldwide by the human. It is the ...
Fu Ling-Lin LL a Food Safety Key Laboratory of Zhejiang Province, School of Food Science and Biotechnology , Zhejiang Gongshang University , Hangzhou , 310035 , P.R. - - 2014
The ability to trace fecal indicators and food-borne pathogens to the point of origin has major ramifications for food industry, food regulatory agencies, and public health. Such information would enable food producers and processors to better understand sources of contamination and thereby take corrective actions to prevent transmission. Microbial source ...
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