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Raman Sujatha S Institute for Science & Society (ISS), School of Sociology & Social Policy, University of Nottingham, Nottingham NG7 2RD, United - - 2014
This paper aims to identify the lessons that should be learnt from how biofuels have been envisioned from the aftermath of the oil shocks of the 1970s to the present, and how these visions compare with biofuel production networks emerging in the 2000s. Working at the interface of sustainable innovation ...
Ouhtit Allal A Department of Genetics, College of Medicine and Health Sciences, Sultan Qaboos University, Muscat, Sultanate of Oman. Electronic address: - - 2014
With recent rapid progress in technology and advancing lifestyle associated with modernization, individuals are consuming increasing quantities of unhealthy food, a major risk factor for the onset of a variety of diseases. In particular, fried potato chips (FPCs), are the most commonly consumed snack, especially by children. However, research in ...
McLennan Matthew R MR Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, Anthropology Centre for Conservation, Environment and Development, Oxford Brookes University, Gipsy Lane Campus, Oxford, OX3 0BP, UK, - - 2014
Insects are a nutritious food source for many primates. In chimpanzees, insectivory is most prevalent among communities that manufacture tools to harvest social insects, particularly ants and termites. In contrast to other long-term study sites, chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes schweinfurthii) in Budongo Forest and Kibale National Park, Uganda, rarely eat insects ...
Arden Madelynne A MA Department of Psychology, Sociology and Politics, Sheffield Hallam University, Sheffield, S10 2BP, - - 2014
Baby-led weaning (BLW) is an approach to introducing solid foods that relies on the presence of self-feeding skills and is increasing in popularity in the UK and New Zealand. This study aimed to investigate the reported experiences and feelings of mothers using a BLW approach in order to better understand ...
Fukuoka Yoshimi Y University of California, San Francisco, California, USA (Dr Fukuoka, Ms Bonnet, Dr - - 2014
PurposeThe purpose of the study was to explore and understand knowledge and attitudes about food, diet, and weight control, focusing on barriers and motivators to reduce risk of developing type 2 diabetes.MethodsSix focus groups were conducted in May and June 2010. The groups were stratified by sex. A total of ...
Abeliotis Konstadinos K Department of Home Economics and Ecology, Harokopio University, Athens, - - 2014
Food waste is a waste stream with serious economic, environmental and social implications. The emphasis of the reported research is on the food waste generated by households in Greece. A structured questionnaire was utilised in order to identify the attitudes of the respondents and investigate the prevalence of certain behavioural ...
Giosafatto C Valeria L CV Department of Chemical Sciences, University of Naples "Federico II", Via Cinthia, 80126 Naples, - - 2014
The growing social and economic consequences of pollution derived from plastics are focusing attention on the need to produce novel bioprocesses for enhancing food shelf-life. As a consequence, in recent years the use of edible films for food packaging is generating a huge scientific interest. In this work we report ...
Boer Joop de JD Institute for Environmental Studies, VU University, Amsterdam, The Netherlands. Electronic address: - - 2014
Adapting Western meat consumption to health and sustainability challenges requires an overall reduction of industrially produced animal proteins plus a partial replacement by plant proteins. Combining insights on food, environment, and consumers, this paper aims to explore change strategies that may help to meet these challenges, such as promoting smaller ...
Falk Joachim J Department of Evolutionary Biology, Institute of Zoology, Johannes Gutenberg University of Mainz, Mainz, - - 2014
Abstract The evolutionary transition from solitary to social life is driven by direct and indirect fitness benefits of social interactions. Understanding the conditions promoting the early evolution of social life therefore requires identification of these benefits in nonderived social systems, such as animal families where offspring are mobile and able ...
Ginex Tiziana T a Department of Food Science, Laboratory of Molecular Modelling , University of Parma , Parma , - - 2014
A crucial limit to in silico preliminary toxicological evaluations in the "food safety" area is the lack of a specific, efficient and available free dataset of 3D small molecules. In this direction, we present the first version of FADB (Food Additives Data Base), a suitable and freely available food additives ...
Patel Bhavesh B - - 2014
Spray drying always remains as an energetic field of innovation in pharmaceutical, food and flavor industry since last couple of decades. The current communication embodies an in-depth application of spray drying in pulmonary drug delivery for production of uniform and respirable size particles suitable for nebulizers, dry powder inhalers (DPI) ...
Dormont L L Centre d'Ecologie Fonctionnelle et Evolutive (CEFE), UMR 5175 CNRS, 1919 Route de Mende, 34293 Montpellier, France. Electronic address: - - 2014
Polymorphism of floral signals, such as colour and odour, is widespread in flowering plants and often considered to be adaptive, reflecting various pollinator preferences for particular floral traits. Several authors have recently hypothesized that particular associations exist between floral colour and scent, which would result from shared biochemistry between these ...
Bánáti Diána D Central Food Research Institute, Hungary, Former Chair of the European Food Safety - - 2014
Food safety has been a growing concern among EU citizens over the last decades. Despite the fact that food has never been safer, consumers are considerably uncertain and increasingly critical about the safety of their food. The introduction of new principles, such as the primary responsibility of producers, traceability, risk ...
Peters Jacqueline J School of Health Sciences, Sansom Institute for Health Research, University of South Australia. Electronic address: - - 2014
Despite recommended dietary guidelines, recent population surveys have recorded low fruit and vegetable and high non-core food consumption by Australian children. Young children rely on parents or primary carers to provide their diets; therefore pre-school age is an optimal time to promote and encourage healthy child eating behaviours. Identified contributing ...
Biro Peter A PA Centre for Integrative Ecology, School of Life and Environmental Science, Deakin University, 75 Pigdons Rd, Geelong, Victoria, 3216, - - 2014
1.The evolutionary causes of consistent individual differences in behavior are currently a source of debate. A recent hypothesis suggests that consistent individual differences in life-history productivity (growth and/or fecundity) may covary with behavioral traits that contribute to growth-mortality trade-offs, such as risk-proneness (boldness) and foraging activity (voraciousness). It remains unclear, ...
Millan Sango David D Department of Food Studies and Environmental Health, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Malta, Msida, MSD, 2080, - - 2014
Ultrasound requires high power and longer treatment times to inactivate microorganisms when compared to ultrasound combined with other technologies. Previous reports have shown that the effectiveness of ultrasound as a decontamination technology can be increased by combining it with another treatment such as pressure, heat and antimicrobial solutions. Assisted ultrasound, ...
Zizza Claire A CA Department of Nutrition, Dietetics, and Hospitality Management, 101 PSB, Auburn, AL 36849-5605, US. Electronic address: - - 2014
An underlying factor contributing to a lack of consensus in the scientific literature regarding the health effects of snacking may be the diversity of study populations. In fact, the influence of snacking likely varies with different target populations. Accordingly, the purpose of this paper is to demonstrate that snacking may ...
Giavasis Ioannis I Technological Educational Institute (TEI) of Thessaly, Department of Food Technology, Lab of Food Microbiology and Biotechnology, End of N. Temponera Street, 43100 Karditsa, Greece. Electronic address: - - 2014
Fungal bioactive polysaccharides deriving mainly from the Basidiomycetes family (and some from the Ascomycetes) and medicinal mushrooms have been well known and widely used in far Asia as part of traditional diet and medicine, and in the last decades have been the core of intense research for the understanding and ...
Lennartsson Patrik R PR Swedish Centre for Resource Recovery, University of Borås, SE 501 90 Borås, - - 2014
Lignocellulosic ethanol has obstacles in the investment costs and uncertainties in the process. One solution is to integrate it with the running dry mills of ethanol from grains. However, the economy of these mills, which dominate the world market, are dependent on their by-products DDGS (Distiller's Dried Grains and Solubles), ...
Berit Hippe - - 2014
Food intolerances are an increasing global health problem. Interactions between genetics and environmental changes such as microbial- and stress factors remain poorly understood. Whereas the analyses of IgE mediated allergic responses is based on solid concepts, the roles of microbiota, gut permeability, and IgG antibodies remain widely unclear and are ...
Hattersley S S UK Food Standards Agency, London, - - 2014
Food allergy is a relatively recent newcomer to the ranks of food safety issues, only being effectively recognised as such in the last 25 to 30 years. This recognition, allied with the near impossibility of avoiding the unintended presence of small, yet potentially dangerous residues of allergenic constituents, brought with ...
Roduit Caroline C University of Zurich, Children's Hospital, and Christine Kühne-Center for Allergy Research and Education, Zurich. Electronic address: - - 2014
The role of dietary factors in the development of allergies is a topic of debate, especially the potential associations between infant feeding practices and allergic diseases. Previously, we reported that increased food diversity introduced during the first year of life reduced the risk of atopic dermatitis. In this study we ...
Kaur Varinder V Biotechnology Research Laboratory, Department of Food Engineering and Technology, Sant Longowal Institute of Engineering and Technology, Longowal-148106, Punjab, - - 2014
Microbial exopolysaccharides are the high molecular weight, environment friendly valuable natural polymer, having its applications in diverse areas like, food industry, pharmaceutical industry, cement systems and cosmetics industries, etc. Welan gum, a microbial product holds an important place among the exopolysaccharides due to its novel properties and potential applications. The ...
Gardea-Torresdey Jorge L - - 2014
Engineered nanomaterials (ENMs) are released into the environment with unknown implications in the food chain. Recent findings demonstrate that ENMs may accumulate and/or increase concentrations of the component metal or carbon nanomaterials in the fruits/grains of agricultural crops, have detrimental or beneficial effects on the agronomic traits, yield, and productivity ...
Bution Murillo L ML Laboratory of Bioflavors, Department of Food Science, Faculty of Food Engineering, University of Campinas - UNICAMP , Campinas , - - 2014
Abstract Throughout human history, natural products have been the basis for the discovery and development of therapeutics, cosmetic and food compounds used in industry. Many compounds found in natural organisms are rather difficult to chemically synthesize and to extract in large amounts, and in this respect, genetic and metabolic engineering ...
Milani Jafar J Department of Food Science, Sari Agricultural Sciences and Natural Resources University, Sari, - - 2014
The mycotoxins that generally occur in cereals and other products are not completely destroyed during food processing operations and can contaminate finished processed foods. The mycotoxins most usually associated with cereal grains are aflatoxins, ochratoxins, deoxynivalenol, zearalenone and fumonisins. The various food processes that may have effects on mycotoxins include ...
Koppel Kadri K The Sensory Analysis Center, Kansas State University, 1310 Research Park Drive, 66502, Manhattan, KS, - - 2014
Pet food palatability depends on first and foremost on the pet and is related to the pet food sensory properties such as aroma, texture, and flavor. Sensory analysis of pet foods may be conducted by humans via descriptive or hedonic analysis, pets via acceptance or preference tests, and through a ...
Webster Jacqui - - 2014
There is broad consensus that diets high in salt are bad for health and that reducing salt intake is a cost-effective strategy for preventing chronic diseases. The World Health Organization has been supporting the development of salt reduction strategies in the Pacific Islands where salt intakes are thought to be ...
Elliott Tamara T The George Institute for Global Health, University of Sydney, Sydney, NSW, Australia. - - 2014
To evaluate whether the Food and Health Dialogue (the Dialogue), established by the Australian Government in 2009, is having an impact on reducing premature death and disability caused by poor diet in Australia. We used information derived from the Dialogue website, media releases, communiqués and e-newsletters to evaluate the Dialogue's ...
Choudhary Bhagirath B Department of Molecular Biotechnology, Faculty of Bioscience Engineering, Ghent University, Gent, Belgium; Institute of Plant Biotechnology Outreach, VIB/Ghent University, Gent, - - 2014
The introduction of semi-dwarfing, high-yielding and nutrients-responsive crop varieties in the 1960s and 1970s alleviated the suffering of low crop yield, food shortages and epidemics of famine in India and other parts of the Asian continent. Two semi-dwarfing genes, Rht in wheat and Sd-1 in rice heralded the green revolution ...
Newsome Thomas M TM School of Biological Sciences, Heydon-Laurence Building, University of Sydney, Sydney, NSW, 2006, Australia, - - 2014
Resource subsidies to opportunistic predators may alter natural predator-prey relationships and, in turn, have implications for how these predators affect co-occurring prey. To explore this idea, we compared the prey available to and eaten by a top canid predator, the Australian dingo (Canis lupus dingo), in areas with and without ...
Lowe Melanie M McCaughey VicHealth Centre for Community Wellbeing, School of Population and Global Health, University of Melbourne, - - 2014
Objective: To provide an overview of the shared structural causes of obesity and climate change, and analyse policies that could be implemented in Australia to both equitably reduce obesity rates and contribute to mitigating climate change. Methods: Informed by the political economy of health theoretical framework, a review was conducted ...
Vogel Else E Amsterdam Institute of Social Science Research, University of - - 2014
Does healthy eating require people to control themselves and abstain from pleasure? This idea is dominant, but in our studies of dieting in The Netherlands we encountered professionals who work in other ways. They encourage their clients to enjoy their food, as only such joy provides satisfaction and the sense ...
Sanders Mary Ellen ME International Scientific Association for Probiotics and Prebiotics, Centennial, - - 2014
Commercial probiotic strains for food or supplement use can be altered in different ways for a variety of purposes. Production conditions for the strain or final product may be changed to address probiotic yield, functionality, or stability. Final food products may be modified to improve flavor and other sensory properties, ...
Arthur Timothy D TD Department of Biochemistry & Microbiology, Rutgers University, New Brunswick, NJ, - - 2014
Bacteriocins are antimicrobial peptides produced by a variety of bacteria. These peptides can act as antibiotic synergists or alternatives to enhance the therapeutic effects of current infection treatments and decrease the prevalence of resistant strains. Two bacteriocins, namely nisin and pediocin PA-1, are currently being used by the food industry; ...
Jones Stacie M SM Department of Pediatrics, University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences and Arkansas Children's Hospital, Little Rock, Ark. Electronic address: - - 2014
IgE-mediated food allergy is a global health problem that affects millions of persons and affects every aspect of life for the patient. Developing effective treatment strategies to augment current practice standards of strict dietary avoidance of antigens and availability of self-injectable epinephrine has been a major focus of research teams, ...
Davies V F VF Graduate Program in Public Health, Center for Health Sciences at The Federal University of Santa, Santa Catarina, - - 2014
The Consumo Alimentar e Atividade Fisica de Escolares (CAAFE) questionnaire is an online research tool that has been developed to enable the self-report of physical activity and diet by Brazilian schoolchildren aged 7-10 years. Formative research was conducted with nutritionists during the development of the web-based questionnaire. The suggestions and insights ...
Manfreda Gerardo G Department of Agricultural and Food Sciences, Alma Mater Studiorum-University of Bologna, Via del Florio 2, 40064 Ozzano dell'Emilia, Bologna, - - 2014
In 2002, the Regulation (EC) 178 of the European Parliament and of the Council states that, in order to achieve the general objective of a high level of protection of human health and life, food law shall be based on risk analysis. However, the Commission Regulation No 2073/2005 on microbiological ...
Wacker Matthias G MG Fraunhofer-Institute of Molecular Biology and Applied Ecology (IME), Project group for Translational Medicine & Pharmacology (TMP), Department of Pharmaceutical Technology/Nanosciences, Frankfurt/Main, D-60438, - - 2014
Nanomaterials have become part of formulation development in the pharmaceutical industry and offer exciting opportunities in the area of targeted drug delivery. But they may also exert unexpected toxicities and potentially pose a threat to human health and the environment. Since the Scientific Committee on Emerging and Newly Identified Health ...
Incorvaia Cristoforo - - 2014
The diagnosis of food allergy, as assessed by skin tests or in vitro tests with allergen extracts, has insufficient diagnostic performance and needs to be confirmed by food challenges. However, the availability of molecular allergens (recombinant or highly purified) for laboratory methods has profoundly changed the diagnostic approach to food ...
Fildes Alison A Health Behaviour Research Centre, Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, University College London, London, United - - 2014
Health professionals identify food provision in the home as a key influence on children's food preferences. In contrast, parents often perceive children's food preferences to be inborn. One explanation for this discrepancy could be that environmental and genetic influences vary by food type. We assessed genetic and environmental contributions to ...
Machado-Schiaffino Gonzalo G Chair of Zoology and Evolutionary Biology, Department of Biology, University of Konstanz, Universitaetsstrasse 10, 78457, Konstanz, - - 2014
The spectacular species richness of cichlids and their diversity in morphology, coloration, and behaviour have made them an ideal model for the study of speciation and adaptive evolution. Hypertrophic lips evolved repeatedly and independently in African and Neotropical cichlid radiations. Cichlids with hypertrophic lips forage predominantly in rocky crevices and ...
Grauwet Tara T Laboratory of Food Technology, Leuven Food Science and Nutrition Research Center (LFoRCe), Department of Microbial and Molecular Systems (M(2)S), Katholieke Universiteit Leuven, Kasteelpark Arenberg 22 Box 2457, B-3001 Heverlee, - - 2014
Historically, the study of food quality changes during processing, preservation, and storage has evolved from targeted, single-response studies towards studies relying on both targeted and untargeted approaches analyzing multiple responses. In our opinion, future studies should be based on a zoom-in approach in which fingerprinting is used as a multivariate, ...
Roh Sungjong - - 2014
Objective: Amid concern about high rates of obesity and related diseases, the marketing of nutritionally poor foods to young people by the food industry has come under heavy criticism by public health advocates, who cite decades of youth-targeted marketing in arguing for reforms. In light of recent evidence that the ...
Chriqui Jamie F JF Institute for Health Research and Policy, School of Public Health, University of Illinois at Chicago, - - 2014
IMPORTANCE The US Department of Agriculture recently issued an interim final rule governing the sale of foods and beverages sold outside of the school meal programs ("competitive foods and beverages" [CF&Bs]). OBJECTIVE To examine the potential influence that the federal rule may have based on peer-reviewed published studies examining the ...
Fulkerson Jayne A JA School of Nursing, University of Minnesota, United States. Electronic address: - - 2014
Informed and engaged parents and healthful home environments are essential for the health of youth. Although research has shown health benefits associated with family meals, to date, no randomized controlled trial (RCT) has been developed to examine the impact of a family meals intervention on behavioral and health outcomes. Methods/Design ...
Mietlicki-Baase Elizabeth G EG Translational Neuroscience Program, Department of Psychiatry, Perelman School of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
Amylin is a pancreas-derived neuropeptide that acts in the central nervous system (CNS) to reduce food intake. Much of the literature describing the anorectic effects of amylin are focused on amylin's actions in the area postrema, a hindbrain circumventricular structure. Although the area postrema is certainly an important site that ...
Tobin Brian D BD Food Packaging Group, School of Food and Nutritional Sciences, University College Cork, - - 2014
This study accumulated European consumer attitudes towards processed meats and their use as a functional food. A survey was set up using an online web-application to gather information on consumer perception of processed meats as well as neutraceutical-containing processed meats. 548 responses were obtained and statistical analysis was carried out ...
Garaulet Marta M Department of Physiology, Faculty of Biology, University of Murcia, Spain. Electronic address: - - 2014
Recent studies link energy regulation to the circadian clock at the behavioral, physiological and molecular levels, emphasizing that the timing of food intake itself may have a significant role in obesity. In this regards, there is emerging literature in animals demonstrating a relationship between the timing of feeding and weight ...
He Chen C Research group for Meal Science & Public Health Nutrition, Department of Development and Planning, Aalborg University Copenhagen. A.C. Meyers Vænge 15, 2450 Copenhagen, - - 2014
Aims:School food in many countries has become the object of change and innovation processes, not only in relation to policies for healthier eating but also in relation to policies for more sustainable food consumption and procurement. The purpose of this study was to examine the possible influence that organic food ...
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