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Vaz Patto M C MC Instituto de Tecnologia Química e Biológica, Universidade Nova de Lisboa, Av. da República (EAN), Apartado 127, 2781-901 Oeiras, - - 2014
BackgroundThe Lathyrus genus includes 160 species, some of which have economic importance as food, fodder and ornamental crops (mainly L. sativus, L. cicera and L. odoratus, respectively) and are cultivated in >1·5 Mha worldwide. However, in spite of their well-recognized robustness and potential as a source of calories and protein ...
Lund Barbara M BM Institute of Food Research , Norwich Research Park, Colney, Norwich, United Kingdom - - 2014
Abstract Low-microbial diets are advised by many institutions for people with neutropenia resulting from treatment with immunosuppressive drugs or medical conditions that increase their susceptibility to foodborne disease. In this article, the main microbiological hazards associated with foods are outlined, and a low-microbial diet in which higher-risk foods are replaced ...
Crawford Michael A MA Department of Cancer and Surgery, Imperial College, London, - - 2014
The modern Western diet bears little resemblance to the diet which forged the human genome over many million years. The change in basic food structure is operating to distort biology even before conception and into late years, with the epidemic of obesity and diabetes likely to lead to stroke, heart ...
Llorach Rafael R Department of Nutrition and Food Science, XaRTA, INSA, Faculty of Pharmacy, University of Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain; Ingenio-CONSOLIDER Program, FUN-C-FOOD CSD2007-063, Ministry of Science and Innovation, - - 2014
Metabolomics has emerged in the field of food and nutrition sciences as a powerful tool for doing profiling approaches. In this context, HPLC-q-TOF-based metabolomics approach was applied to unveil changes in the urinary metabolome in human subjects (n = 51, 23 men and 28 women) after regular aronia-citrus juice (AC-juice) ...
Martin Ashley A AA School of Experimental Psychology, Nutrition and Behaviour Unit, University of Bristol, Bristol, UK. Electronic address: - - 2014
Evidence is accumulating which suggests that, in addition to leading to unprecedented rates of obesity, the current food environment is contributing to the development of cognitive impairment and dementia. Recent experimental research indicates that many of the cognitive deficits associated with obesity involve fundamental inhibitory processes that have important roles ...
Liu Xiumei X Food safety Standards, China National Center for Food Safety Risk Assessment, Building 2, No. 37, Guangqu Road, Chaoyang District, Beijing, China, - - 2014
Food safety is a major livelihood issue and a priority concern in China. The Food Safety Law of the People's Republic of China was issued in 2009, the food safety control system has been well strengthened, including National Food Safety Risk Surveillance System, Food Safety Risk Assessment System and Food ...
Mastovska Katerina - - 2014
The papers in this special issue of Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry were originally presented at the 50th North American Chemical Residue Workshop (NACRW), formerly known as the Pesticide Residue Workshop (FPRW). The 2013 meeting celebrated the rich history of 50 years of the FPRW and the birth of ...
Grote Veit V Division of Metabolic and Nutritional Medicine, Dr von Hauner Children's Hospital, Munich, - - 2014
This article will summarize recent progress in research in the area of complementary feeding as it relates to childhood obesity. Newly emerged findings demonstrate how research on contributing factors has shifted. Examining nutrient and caloric intakes alone has failed to answer the critical question, 'Why are some children obese, whereas ...
Endale Worku - - 2014
Access to sufficient food is essential for household welfare as well as for accomplishing other development activities. Households with insufficient access to food often face other challenges related to food insecurity including poor health and a decline in productivity. These challenges can often create a vicious circle whereby households are ...
Doerfler B B Division of Gastroenterology, Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine, Chicago, Illinois, - - 2014
Eosinophilic esophagitis (EoE) is a chronic immune/antigen-mediated esophageal disease characterized by esophageal dysfunction and esophageal mucosal eosinophilia. Diet therapy is effective in the treatment of EoE in both children and adults. The role of food allergens is well established in the pathogenesis and treatment of eosinophilic esophagitis. Empiric elimination with ...
Tadapaneni Ravi Kiran - - 2014
Abstract Fruits contain a variety of nutrients and polyphenols that are associated with health benefits. Year-round availability of fresh fruits is limited due to perishability. Processing fruits extends shelf-life. Individual quick frozen fruit is the most common for fruits, but nowadays, processing fruits into beverages offers extended shelf-life and new ...
Hua Jenna - - 2014
Given the rapid pace of urbanization and Westernization and the increasing prevalence of obesity, there is a need for research to better understand the influence of the built environment on overweight and obesity in world's developing regions. Culturally-specific food environment survey instruments are important tools for studying changing food availability ...
Henry Amanda G AG Plant Foods in Hominin Dietary Ecology Research Group, Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology, Deutscher Platz 6, 04103 Leipzig, Germany. Electronic address: - - 2014
One of the most important challenges in anthropology is understanding the disappearance of Neanderthals. Previous research suggests that Neanderthals had a narrower diet than early modern humans, in part because they lacked various social and technological advances that lead to greater dietary variety, such as a sexual division of labor ...
Harries Caroline C National Campaign for Healthy Food Access (Ms Harries and Koprak), Research, Evaluation and Consulting (Mss Young, Weiss and Dr Karpyn), The Food Trust, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania; and Prevention Research Center at Tulane University, New Orleans, Louisiana (Dr Parker). Dr Parker is now Executive Director, Market Umbrella, New Orleans, - - 2014
Public health obesity prevention experts have recently emphasized a policy systems and environmental change approach. Absent, however, are studies describing how practitioners transition from policy adoption to implementation. In the realm of food policy, financing programs to incentivize healthy food retail development in communities classified as "underserved" are underway at ...
Peteu Serban F SF Michigan State University, Chemical Engineering & Materials Science, 3523 Engineering Bldg, 428S. Shaw Lane, East Lansing, MI 28824-1226, United States; National Institute for Research and Development in Chemistry and Petrochemistry, 202 Splaiul Independentei, 060021 Bucharest, Romania. Electronic address: - - 2014
The importance of the so-called reactive nitrogen and oxygen species (RNOS) in biology and food technology has been widely recognized. However when these species are in excess, the steady-state maintained by physiological processes is disturbed. At this point, the nitro oxidative metabolic stress develops and its action in vivo over ...
Tagtow Angie - - 2014
Sustainability is the ability of a system to be maintained over the long term. Resilience is the ability of a system to withstand disturbances and continue to function in a sustainable manner. Issues of sustainability and resilience apply to all aspects of nutrition and dietetics practice, can be practiced at ...
Scheman Andrew A From the *Northwestern University Medical Center, Chicago, IL; and †Michigan State University, East Lansing, - - 2014
Information on the presence of European Directive fragrance (EUF) allergens in plants and foods is important for numerous reasons. If an individual is allergic to an EUF and is avoiding fragrance, it is possible that they may still be exposed to the allergen in a natural product. In addition, because ...
Gittelsohn Joel J Center for Human Nutrition, Department of International Health, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD, USA. - - 2014
To document implementation challenges and opportunities associated with small store interventions. Case study analysis of small store interventions conducted in 4 regions of the US. We systematically generated matrices to compare and contrast lessons learned to advance implementation science. Seven thematic areas were identified including: establishing relationships with stores, store ...
Tham Elizabeth H EH University Children's Medical Institute, National University - - 2014
The prevalence of food allergy has increased exponentially in the last decade and is fast becoming the second wave of the allergy epidemic. Secondary prevention methods such as treatment of accidental exposures and immunotherapy are still fraught with difficulties and unanticipated adverse events still occur. The future of food allergy ...
Garsa Anita Kumari AK Animal Biochemistry Division, National Dairy Research Institute, Karnal, 132001, Haryana, India, - - 2014
Bacteriocins from lactic acid bacteria (LAB) are a diverse group of antimicrobial proteins/peptides, offering potential as biopreservatives, and exhibit a broad spectrum of antimicrobial activity at low concentrations along with thermal as well as pH stability in foods. High bacteriocin production usually occurs in complex media. However, such media are ...
Evans Ellen W EW Zero 2 Five Food Industry Centre, Cardiff School of Health Sciences, Cardiff Metropolitan University, Western Avenue, Llandaff, Cardiff, Wales CF5 2YB, UK. - - 2014
Listeria monocytogenes causes human listeriosis, which is associated with the highest hospitalization and mortality rates of all foodborne illnesses. In recent years, the incidence of listeriosis has doubled in Europe, almost exclusively among older adults (≥60 years of age). Food safety factors associated with increased risk of listeriosis include lack ...
Guberti E E MD Chief-Medical, Food Safety and Nutrition Service, Department of Public Health, Local Health Authority, Bologna,Italy; Coordinator of "Food and nutrition" team work of Società Italiana di Igiene Medicina Preventiva e Sanità - - 2014
Food security is when all people at all times have access to sufficient, safe, nutritious food to maintain a healthy and active life. On the one hand, the European Union Commission proposes new laws to achieve the highest possible levels of protection for human health and consumer interests in relation ...
Cianferoni Antonella A Divisions of Allergy and Immunology, Department of Pediatrics, The Children's Hospital of Philadelphia, Perelman School of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, ARC 1216H, 3615 Civic Center Blvd, Philadelphia, PA 19104, - - 2014
Eosinophilic esophagitis (EoE) is a clinical pathologic disease characterized by symptoms of esophageal dysfunction and eosinophilia of the esophagus. When the diagnosis is confirmed, it is important to treat the eosinophilic inflammation not only to control the presenting symptoms, but also to prevent acute and chronic complications. The pathogenesis of ...
Naher Firdousi - - 2014
The improvements in nutrition status in Bangladesh, particularly child nutrition outcomes, have been relatively slow, despite remarkable improvements in the country's food situation as well as in the health sector. At present more than 40% of children under 5 years of age are stunted. To examine the specific food, agriculture, ...
Osei Akoto - - 2014
Using formative research to guide the planning and implementation of home fortification programs is critical if they are to achieve the desired level of acceptance and coverage by the target beneficiaries. To explore contextual factors that could influence acceptance, delivery, and use of micronutrient powders (MNP) in Aileu District, Timor-Leste. ...
Alexandre Veruska Prado VP Faculdade de Nutrição, Universidade Federal de Goiás, Goiânia, GO, - - 2014
This cross-sectional study identified the factors associated with adult feeding practices in Goiânia, the capital of the state of Goiás, in the Midwestern region of Brazil, by means of telephone interviews with 2,002 adults (> 18 years old). Information about demographic aspects, lifestyle, nutritional status, and food consumption was collected, ...
Machado Maria Grossi - - 2014
An exploratory descriptive study was conducted with a qualitative approach that used focus groups. The objective of this study was to identify the risk perception of food safety by school food-handlers. The results indicated that the food production process has certain inadequacies, including the weak risk perception by the food-handlers ...
Kim Edwin H EH University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, 2144 Genome Sciences Bldg, CB #7231, Chapel Hill, NC 27599-7231, 919-962-4409 (office), 919-962-4730 - - 2014
Allergic diseases have continued to increase throughout the developed world. Subcutaneous immunotherapy has been a mainstay of treatment for allergic rhinitis and asthma, however, some patients are precluded from treatment. On the other hand, in the case of food allergy, treatments simply do not exist. Oral and sublingual immunotherapy, with ...
Tahara Yu Y Laboratory of Physiology and Pharmacology, School of Advanced Science and Engineering, Waseda University, - - 2014
The circadian clock system in mammals drives many physiological processes including the daily rhythms of sleep-wake behavior, hormonal secretion, and metabolism. This system responds to daily environmental changes, such as the light-dark cycle, food intake, and drug administration. In this review, we focus on the central and peripheral circadian clock ...
Pula Kacy K Department of Psychology, Washington State University, Pullman, WA 99164, USA; Department of Psychology, Saint Michael's College, One Winooski Park #185, Colchester, VT 05439, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
The authors tested the robustness of the Food Choice Questionnaire (FCQ) with a U.S. sample and examined the relationship between individual differences in regulatory focus and everyday food choice motives. Although a popular measure in cross-culture research, the FCQ has seen limited use with U.S. samples, and its psychometric properties ...
Darwish Wageh Sobhy WS Laboratory of Toxicology, Department of Environmental Veterinary Sciences, Graduate School of Veterinary Medicine, Hokkaido - - 2014
Mycotoxins are fungal secondary metabolites that contaminate various feedstuffs and agricultural crops. The contamination of food by mycotoxins can occur before production, during storage, processing, transportation, or marketing of the food products. High temperature, moisture content, and water activity are among the predisposing factors that facilitate the production of mycotoxins ...
Passariello Annalisa A University of Naples «Federico II», Naples, - - 2014
Abstract Probiotics may be registered as food supplements or drugs. This article summarizes differences in European regulations of probiotics registered as food supplements and drugs, as well as issues related to the quality of probiotic products. For registration as a drug, the European Medicines Agency demands extensive and detailed quality, ...
Parent Marise B MB Georgia State - - 2014
A wide variety of species, including vertebrate and invertebrates, consume food in bouts (i.e., meals). Decades of research suggest that different mechanisms regulate meal initiation (when to start eating) versus meal termination (how much to eat in a meal, also known as satiety). There is a very limited understanding of ...
Kraak Vivica I VI 1 World Health Organization Collaborating Centre for Obesity Prevention, Deakin Population Health Strategic Research Centre, School of Health and Social Development, Faculty of Health, Deakin University, 221 Burwood Highway, Melbourne, Victoria 3125, - - 2014
To review the available literature on accountability frameworks to construct a framework that is relevant to voluntary partnerships between government and food industry stakeholders. Between November 2012 and May 2013, a desk review of ten databases was conducted to identify principles, conceptual frameworks, underlying theories, and strengths and limitations of ...
Hillier-Brown Frances C - - 2014
Eating out of the home has been associated with higher intakes of energy and fat and lower micronutrient intakes, as well as the development of obesity. Out-of-home food outlets (OHFOs) and the foods obtained from these outlets are an ideal target for interventions to improve diet and tackle obesity. This ...
McKee Heather C HC School of Sport and Exercise Sciences, University of Birmingham, Edgbaston, B15 2TT, UK, - - 2014
The aim of this study is to investigate the factors related to dietary lapse occurrence in a community sample of dieters. An ecological momentary assessment (EMA) methodology, via mobile phone-based diaries, was employed to record dietary lapse occurrences in a group of dieters (N = 80; M age  = 41.21 ± 15.60 years; M BMI = 30.78 ± 7.26) over ...
Bassols Anna - - 2014
A fundamental issue of farm animal welfare is to keep animals clinically healthy, without disease or stress, particularly in intensive breeding, in order to produce safe and quality food. This issue is highly relevant for the food industry worldwide as they are directly linked to public health and welfare. The ...
Foster Emma E Human Nutrition Research Centre, Institute of Health and Society, Newcastle University, Newcastle upon Tyne, - - 2014
Assessing dietary intake in people of any age is challenging but measuring the diet of infants and children can be particularly problematic. Young children may lack the cognitive skills, writing skills and food knowledge to record their own food intake. Multiple people may be responsible for the care of the ...
Turner Monique Mitchell MM a Department of Prevention and Community Health , George Washington University , Washington , District of Columbia , - - 2014
Obesity is linked to numerous diseases including heart disease, diabetes, and cancer. To address this issue, food and beverage manufacturers as well as health organizations have developed nutrition symbols and logos to be placed on the front of food packages to guide consumers to more healthful food choices. In 2010 ...
Liew Lim Chee LC Plant Molecular Biology and Biotechnology Laboratory, Melbourne School of Land and Environment, University of Melbourne, Parkville, Victoria, 3010, - - 2014
Legumes, with their unique ability to fix atmospheric nitrogen, play a vital role in ensuring future food security and mitigating the effects of climate change because they use less fossil energy and produce less greenhouse gases compared with N-fertilized systems. Grain legumes are second only to cereal crops as a ...
Leung Patrick S C PS Division of Rheumatology, Allergy and Clinical Immunology, University of California, 451 Health Sciences Drive, Suite 6510, Davis, CA, 95616, USA, - - 2014
The science of food allergy has been rapidly evolving before our eyes in the past half century. Like other allergic disorders, the prevalence of food allergies has dramatically increased, and coupled with the increased public awareness of anaphylaxis due to food allergy, this has driven an explosion in basic and ...
Stevenson Jim J Department of Psychology, Developmental Brain-Behaviour Laboratory, University of Southampton, Southampton, - - 2014
The efficacy of three dietary treatments for ADHD has been repeatedly tested in randomized controlled trials (RCTs). These interventions are restricted elimination diets (RED), artificial food colour elimination (AFCE) and supplementation with free fatty acids (SFFA). There have been three systematic reviews and associated meta-analyses of the RCTs for each ...
Zakariaeeabkoo Rosita R Clinical Biochemistry, Austin Pathology, Heidelberg, Victoria, Australia; School of Medical Sciences, RMIT University, Bundoora, Victoria, - - 2014
Food allergy has a dramatic impact on a child's (and their family's) quality of life and places a major financial burden on the community. It has been hypothesized that the increase in food allergy may relate to the concordant rise in prevalence of vitamin D insufficiency. More recently a second ...
Lancellotti Enrico E Dipartimento di Agraria, Università degli Studi di Sassari, Viale Italia 39, 07100, Sassari, Italy, - - 2014
For the first time, arbutoid mycorrhizas established between Tuber borchii and Arbutus unedo were described. Analyzed mycorrhizas were from one T. borchii natural truffle ground, dominated by Pinus pinea, as well as synthesized in greenhouse conditions. A. unedo mycorrhizas presented some typical characteristics of ectomycorrhizas of T. borchii. However, as ...
Brimblecombe Julie J 1Charles Darwin University, Darwin, Northern Territory, - - 2014
We explored with Aboriginal adults living in a remote Australian community the social context of food choice and factors perceived to shape food choice. An ethnographic approach of prolonged community engagement over 3 years was augmented by interviews. Our findings revealed that knowledge, health, and resources supporting food choice were ...
Barak Sheweta S Department of Dairy and Food Technology Mansinhbhai Institute of Dairy and Food Technology, Mehsana, Gujarat, - - 2014
Locust bean gum or carob gum is a galactomannan obtained from seed endosperm of carob tree i.e. Ceratonia siliqua. It is widely utilized as an additive in various industries such as food, pharmaceuticals, paper, textile, oil well drilling and cosmetics. Industrial applications of locust bean gum are due to its ...
Shannon Jerry J Dept. of Geography, University of Georgia, 210 Field St., Rm. 204, Athens, GA 30602, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
Current GIS based research on food access has focused primarily on the proximity of food sources to places of residence in low-income communities, with relatively little attention given to actual practices of food procurement. This project addresses this issue by using dasymetric mapping techniques to develop fine scale estimates of ...
Raman Sujatha S Institute for Science & Society (ISS), School of Sociology & Social Policy, University of Nottingham, Nottingham NG7 2RD, United - - 2014
This paper aims to identify the lessons that should be learnt from how biofuels have been envisioned from the aftermath of the oil shocks of the 1970s to the present, and how these visions compare with biofuel production networks emerging in the 2000s. Working at the interface of sustainable innovation ...
Ouhtit Allal A Department of Genetics, College of Medicine and Health Sciences, Sultan Qaboos University, Muscat, Sultanate of Oman. Electronic address: - - 2014
With recent rapid progress in technology and advancing lifestyle associated with modernization, individuals are consuming increasing quantities of unhealthy food, a major risk factor for the onset of a variety of diseases. In particular, fried potato chips (FPCs), are the most commonly consumed snack, especially by children. However, research in ...
McLennan Matthew R MR Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, Anthropology Centre for Conservation, Environment and Development, Oxford Brookes University, Gipsy Lane Campus, Oxford, OX3 0BP, UK, - - 2014
Insects are a nutritious food source for many primates. In chimpanzees, insectivory is most prevalent among communities that manufacture tools to harvest social insects, particularly ants and termites. In contrast to other long-term study sites, chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes schweinfurthii) in Budongo Forest and Kibale National Park, Uganda, rarely eat insects ...
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