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La Frano Michael R MR Department of Nutrition, University of California, Davis, Davis, California, USA; Western Human Nutrition Research Center, United States Department of Agriculture, Davis, California, - - 2014
International research efforts, including those funded by HarvestPlus, a Challenge Program of the Consultative Group on International Agricultural Research (CGIAR), are focusing on conventional plant breeding to biofortify staple crops such as maize, rice, cassava, beans, wheat, sweet potatoes, and pearl millet to increase the concentrations of micronutrients that are ...
Qu Jia-Huan JH a College of Light Industry and Food Sciences , South China University of Technology , Guangzhou , 510641 , PR - - 2014
Abstract Food safety is of critical public concern, and has drawn great attention in society. Consequently, developments of rapid, robust and accurate methods and techniques for food safety evaluation and control are required. As a nondestructive and convenient tool, near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) has been widely shown to be a promising ...
Ma Ji J a College of Light Industry and Food Sciences , South China University of Technology , Guangzhou , 510641 , PR - - 2014
Abstract With consumer concerns increasing over food quality and safety, the food industry has begun to pay much more attention to the development of rapid and reliable food evaluation systems over the years. As a result, there is a great need for manufacturers and retailers to operate real-time effective assessments ...
Dohle Simone S a ETH - - 2014
Abstract Objective: Research has demonstrated that emotional eating (eating induced by negative affect or distress) is associated with overconsumption and weight gain. This study tests whether recreational physical activity attenuates the relationship between emotional eating and body weight. Design: Analyses are based on the second (2011) and third (2012) wave ...
Xu Zhongyue Z a College of Light Industry & Food Sciences , South China University of Technology , Guangzhou , 510641 , PR - - 2014
Abstract Global warming is a worldwide issue with its evident impact across a wide range of systems and sectors. It is caused by a number of greenhouse gases (GHGs) emissions, in which food system has made up of a large part. Recently, reduction of GHG emissions has become an urgent ...
Donatelli Reginaldo José RJ 1 Laboratório de Ornitologia, Departamento de Ciências Biológicas, FC-UNESP, Caixa Postal 473, 17001-970, Bauru, SP, - - 2014
Associations among feeding habit, beak type, and food source in birds have been widely studied and are well known to exist. The relationship between feeding habit and jaw apparatus in birds has not attracted attention from ornithologists, perhaps because of the complexity of the skeletal morphology of the feeding system ...
Reicks Marla M Department of Food Science and Nutrition, University of Minnesota, St Paul, MN. Electronic address: - - 2014
Cooking programs are growing in popularity; however, an extensive review has not examined their overall impact. Therefore, this study reviewed previous research on cooking/home food preparation interventions and diet and health-related outcomes among adults and identified implications for practice and research. Literature review and descriptive summative method. Dietary intake, knowledge/skills, ...
Kolahdooz Fariba F a Aboriginal and Global Health Research Group, Department of Medicine , University of Alberta , Edmonton , Alberta , - - 2014
Objective: Inuvialuit in Arctic Canada are experiencing a nutritional and lifestyle transition, characterized by a declining consumption of traditional foods, increased consumption of non-nutrient-dense store-bought foods (NNDF), and reduced levels of physical activity with a concurrent rise in chronic diseases. The aim of the present study was to determine dietary ...
Radauer C - - 2014
The IUIS Allergen Nomenclature Sub-Committee, under the auspices of the World Health Organization and the International Union of Immunological Societies, maintains the systematic nomenclature of allergenic proteins and publishes a database of approved allergen names on its Web site, www.allergen.org. In this paper, we summarize updates of allergen names approved ...
Bronfenbrener Roman R 181 N Belle Mead Rd, Suite 5, East Setauket, NY 11733, USA. - - 2014
Dermatologists are instrumental in educating their patients about safe sun practices. As residents, we should begin to instill this teaching point into our daily patient encounters. The new US Food and Drug Administration sunscreen guidelines, instituted fully in December 2012, help consumers make more educated decisions about sunscreens they purchase ...
Elford L L Department of Public Health Policy Studies, Swansea University, - - 2014
Although considerable research has explored the role of parents in affecting child eating habits and weight, there has been little consideration of the impact of other key care providers in the early years. A controlling maternal child-feeding style (e.g. use of pressure to eat or restricting certain foods) has been ...
Amer Omar S A - - 2014
One of the most important problems faced by world at the present time is food deficiency. Today the third world is facing protein deficiency as one of the major global challenges. In Egypt, the continuous population explosion requires more food production to meet the consequent increasing demands. However, there are ...
Cronin G M - - 2014
The main impetus for 'modern' intensive animal production occurred after the Second World War, when Western governments developed policies to increase the availability of cheap, safe food for their populations. Livestock benefit under intensive husbandry by protection from environmental extremes and predators, and better nutritional and health management. Nevertheless, there ...
Huntingford F A - - 2014
As currently practised, the culture of fish for food potentially raises concerns about the welfare of farmed fish, and this is a topic that has received considerable attention. As vertebrates, fish share a number of features with the birds and mammals that are more commonly farmed, so many welfare principles ...
Gill Sarvajeet Singh SS Centre for Biotechnology; MD University; Rohtak, - - 2014
Crop improvement has been a basic and essential chase since organized cultivation of crops began thousands of years ago. Abiotic stresses as a whole are regarded as the crucial factors restricting the plant species to reach their full genetic potential to deliver desired productivity. The changing global climatic conditions are ...
Taylor David W DW Department of Biology, University of Portland, Portland, Oregon 97203 - - 2014
People retain culinary customs when they migrate. We tested this commitment via the study of Puerto Rican fresh produce markets in the continental United States over time, 18 yr, and space, by comparisons with source markets in Puerto Rico (PR). A survey of Puerto Rican markets in Hartford (HT), Connecticut ...
Jurkiewicz Anna A Institute of Rural Health, Lublin, - - 2014
Objective. The objective of the study was recognition of the opinions of adolescents completing secondary schools concerning genetically modified organisms and genetically modified food, especially the respondents' emotional attitude towards scientific achievements in the area of live genetically modified organisms. Material and method. The study covered a group of 500 ...
Feuille Elizabeth E Department of Pediatrics, Jaffe Food Allergy Institute, Division of Allergy and Immunology, Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai, New York, New York, - - 2014
Food protein-induced enterocolitis syndrome (FPIES) is a poorly understood non-IgE-mediated food hypersensitivity, primarily affecting infants and toddlers. There are few data regarding pathophysiology of FPIES that suggest local intestinal imbalance between TNF-α and TGF-β. Patients frequently present with multiple reactions, which are characterized by projectile, repetitive emesis, dehydration, lethargy, and ...
Parenky Ashwin A Mercer University, 3001 Mercer University Drive, Atlanta, Georgia, 30341, USA, - - 2014
A "Late Breaking" session was held on May 20 at the 2013 American Association of Pharmaceutical Scientists-National Biotech Conference (AAPS-NBC) to discuss the US Food and Drug Administration's (FDA) 2013 draft guidance on Immunogenicity Assessment for Therapeutic Protein Products. The session was initiated by a presentation from the FDA which ...
Ockendon Nancy N British Trust for Ornithology, The Nunnery, Thetford IP24 2PU, - - 2014
Shifts in species' distribution and abundance in response to climate change have been well documented, but the underpinning processes are still poorly understood. We present the results of a systematic literature review and meta-analysis investigating the frequency and importance of different mechanisms by which climate has impacted natural populations. Most ...
Surendiran Gangadaran G Department of Human Nutritional Sciences and Canadian Centre for Agri-food Research in Health and Medicine, University of Manitoba, Winnipeg, MB, - - 2014
Wild rice (Zizania spp.) seems to have originated in North America and then dispersed into Eastern Asia and other parts of the world. Nutritional analysis shows that wild rice is rich in minerals, vitamins, protein, starch, dietary fiber, and various antioxidant phytochemicals, while it is low in fat. Wild rice ...
Leung Christy Y Y CY Center for Human Growth and Development, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, - - 2014
Despite increased attention to the role of temperament in children's obesogenic eating behaviors, there is a paucity of research examining whether different dimensions of temperament may be differentially associated with specific eating behaviors among preschool-age children. The purpose of the current study was to examine whether three temperament dimensions (surgency, ...
Szakal Christopher C Materials Measurement Science Division, National Institute of Standards and Technology , Gaithersburg, Maryland 20899-8371, United - - 2014
The risks and benefits of nanomaterials in foods and food contact materials receive conflicting international attention across expert stakeholder groups as well as in news media coverage and published research. Current nanomaterial characterization is complicated by the lack of accepted approaches to measure exposure-relevant occurrences of suspected nanomaterials in food ...
Fitt Emily E MRC Human Nutrition Research, Elsie Widdowson Laboratory, 120 Fulbourn Road, Cambridge CB1 9NL, - - 2014
The current paper describes Diet In Nutrients Out (DINO), an integrated dietary assessment system incorporating dietary data entry and nutritional analysis within one platform for use in dietary assessment in small-scale intervention studies to national surveys. DINO contains >6000 food items, mostly aggregated composites of branded foods, across thirty-one main ...
Ebling Francis J P FJ School of Life Sciences, University of Nottingham Medical School, Queen's Medical Centre, Nottingham, NG7 2UH, UK. Electronic address: - - 2014
Seasonal cycles of adiposity and body weight reflecting changes in both food intake and energy expenditure are the norm in mammals that have evolved in temperate and polar habitats. Innate circannual rhythmicity and direct responses to the annual change in photoperiod combine to ensure that behavior and energy metabolism are ...
Moelzner Jana J Cologne Biocenter, Workgroup Aquatic Chemical Ecology, University of Cologne, - - 2014
1.Foraging success generally depends on various environmental and physiological factors. Particularly for organisms with limited motility such as gastropods, food searching is a very cost-intensive process. As energy gain through foraging is dependent on both resource quality and quantity, consumers have to be able to differentiate between varying resource items. ...
Thornton Philip K PK CGIAR Research Programme on Climate Change, Agriculture and Food Security (CCAFS), ILRI, PO Box 30709, Nairobi, 00100, - - 2014
The focus of the great majority of climate change impact studies is on changes in mean climate. In terms of climate model output, these changes are more robust than changes in climate variability. By concentrating on changes in climate means, the full impacts of climate change on biological and human ...
Finestone Emma E The Lester E. Fisher Center for the Study and Conservation of Apes, Lincoln Park Zoo, - - 2014
The foraging activity of chimpanzees requires individuals to balance personal preferences with nutrient requirements, food availability, and interactions with members of their social group. To determine whether chimpanzee food preferences are fixed or malleable across varying socio-ecological contexts, we presented six zoo-housed chimpanzees with pairwise combinations of four different foods ...
More J A JA School of Health Professions, Plymouth University, Plymouth, - - 2014
Healthy eating guidelines for 1-4-year-old children are available but evidence-based portion sizes have not been specified. Parents and early-years providers are concerned about under- or over-feeding young children. The present study aimed to report detailed information about appropriate average portion size ranges and suggest a practical food plan for feeding ...
Heymann Eckhard W EW Abteilung Verhaltensökologie & Soziobiologie, Deutsches Primatenzentrum, Kellnerweg 4, D-37077, Göttingen, - - 2014
Throughout many regions of the tropics, non-primate animals - mainly birds and mammals - have been observed to follow primate groups and to exploit dropped food and flushed prey. The anecdotal nature of most of the numerous reports on these primate-non-primate associations (PNPAs) may obscure the biological significance of such associations. We review the ...
Veling Harm H Department of Psychology, Utrecht University, The Netherlands; Behavioural Science Institute, Radboud University Nijmegen, The Netherlands. Electronic address: - - 2014
Because eating behavior can take on an impulsive nature many people experience difficulty with dieting to lose weight. Therefore, an experiment was conducted to test the effectiveness of two interventions targeting impulsive processes of eating behavior to facilitate weight loss: Implementation intentions to remind people about dieting versus a go/no-go ...
Novosel Anna A Department of Psychology, Karl-Franzens-University Graz, Graz, - - 2014
Current literature suggests an increased attentional bias toward food stimuli in eating-disordered individuals compared to healthy controls. In line with these research efforts, the present study aims to investigate the processing of food stimuli (enriched by emotional stimuli) between patients diagnosed for anorexia nervosa (AN) and healthy controls by means ...
Abu Baker Mohammad A MA Department of Biological and Environmental Sciences, Faculty of Arts and Sciences, Qatar University, P.O. Box 2713, Doha, Qatar, - - 2014
We used live-trapping and foraging to test for the effect of habitat selection and diet on structuring a community of six small mammals and one bird within the Soutpansberg, South Africa. We established grids that straddled adjacent habitats: woodland, rocky hillside, and grassland. Trapping and foraging were used to estimate ...
Der-Martirosian Claudia C 1 Veterans Emergency Management Evaluation Center, North Hills, California - - 2014
Despite federal and local efforts to educate the public to prepare for major emergencies, many US households remain unprepared for such occurrences. United States Armed Forces veterans are at particular risk during public health emergencies as they are more likely than the general population to have multiple health conditions. This ...
Bystrom Jonas J Bone and Joint Research Unit, William Harvey Research Institute, Barts & the London, Queen Mary University of London, London, - - 2014
Eosinophilic oesophagitis (EoE) is an inflammatory disorder of the oesophagus which has become increasingly recognised over recent years, although it remains underdiagnosed in many centres. It is characterised histologically by a significant eosinophilic infiltration of the oesophageal mucosa (>15 eosinophils per high powered field), and clinically with features of oesophageal ...
Osmałek Tomasz T The Department of Pharmaceutical Technology, Poznan University of Medical Sciences, Grunwaldzka 6, Poznań 60-780, Poland. Electronic address: - - 2014
Over the past few decades, microbial polysaccharides have been under intense investigation due to their advantageous physicochemical properties. A great structural diversity of these biomolecules has led to multiple applications in food industry, personal care products, pharmacy and medicine. Currently, one of the most widely studied and fully described member ...
Bellisle France F Department of Kinesiology, Faculty of Medicine, Laval University, Quebec, Canada. Electronic address: - - 2014
The present obesity "epidemic" has been attributed to a growing trend for snacking. Snacking may contribute to excess energy intake and weight gain through different ways, for example: context/environment of eating, frequency of consumption and quality of food choices. The present article reviews data and hypotheses about the role of ...
Sommer Isolde I School of Health Sciences and Social Work, University of Portsmouth, Portsmouth, United Kingdom; Department for Evidence-Based Medicine and Clinical Epidemiology, Danube University Krems, Krems, Austria. Electronic address: - - 2014
Understanding food choice behavior in adolescence is important because many core eating habits may be tracked into adulthood. The food choices of at least 2.3% of teenagers living in the United Kingdom are determined by food allergies. However, the effect of food allergies on eating habits in teenagers has not ...
Błędzka Dorota D Department of Toxicology and Carcinogenesis, Nofer Institute of Occupational Medicine, ul. św. Teresy od Dzieciątka Jezus 8, 91-348 Łódź, Poland. Electronic address: - - 2014
Parabens are a group of substances commonly employed as preservatives, mainly in personal care products, pharmaceuticals and food. Scientific reports concerning their endocrine disrupting potential and the possible link with breast cancer raised wide discussion about parabens' impact and safety. This paper provides holistic overview of paraben usage, occurrence in ...
Carter Dan D Department of Gastroenterology, Chaim Sheba Medical Center, - - 2014
Anal incontinence (AI) in adults is a troublesome condition that negatively impacts upon quality of life and results in significant embarrassment and social isolation. The conservative management of AI is the first step and targets symptomatic relief. The reported significant improvement with conservative treatments for AI is close to 25% ...
Ghosh Dilip D Nutriconnect, Sydney, NSW, - - 2014
Citizens of Australia and New Zealand recognise that food security is a major global issue. Food security also affects Australia and New Zealand's status as premier food exporting nations and the health and wellbeing of Australasian population. Australia is uniquely positioned to help build a resilient food value chain and ...
Johnston Laura K LK Division of Allergy-Immunology, Department of Medicine, Feinberg School of Medicine, Northwestern University, Chicago IL - - 2014
Food allergies represent an increasingly prevalent human health problem, and therapeutic options remain limited, with avoidance being mainstay, despite its adverse effects on quality of life. A better understanding of the key immunological mechanisms involved in such responses likely will be vital for development of new therapies. This review outlines ...
Mizuno O O Department of Dermatology, Hokkaido University Graduate School of Medicine, Sapporo, - - 2014
Food-dependent exercise-induced anaphylaxis (FDEIA) is a serious food allergy in which anaphylaxis develops when exercise is performed within several hours after food intake. The precise mechanism underlying allergic sensitization in FDEIA has been an important issue but remains poorly understood. We aimed to elucidate the pathomechanism including the route of ...
Yang Tao T aNational Engineering Laboratory for Rice and Byproduct In-depth Processing, Central South University of Forestry and Technology bDepartment of Pathology, College of Medicine, Hunan Normal University, Hunan, China cHerman B Wells Center for Pediatric Research, James Whitcomb Riley Hospital for Children, Indiana University - Purdue University Indianapolis, Indianapolis, Indiana dDepartment of Veterinary Biosciences, The Ohio State University, Columbus, Ohio, - - 2014
This review provides up-to-date information on the anticancer properties of Monascus-fermented products. Topics covered include clinical evidence for the anticancer potential of Monascus metabolites, bioactive Monascus components with anticancer potential, mechanisms of the anticancer effects of Monascus metabolites, and existing problems as well as future perspectives. With the advancement of ...
Jing Li - - 2014
Citrus essential oils (CEOs) are a mixture of volatile compounds consisting mainly of monoterpene hydrocarbons, and are widely used in food and pharmaceutical industries because of their antifungal activities. To face the challenge of the growing public awareness and concern about food and health safety, studies concerning the natural biopreservatives ...
Spronk Inge I Division of Human Nutrition, Wageningen University, Bomenweg 2, 6703 HD Wageningen, The - - 2014
The present systematic review examined the relationship between nutrition knowledge and dietary intake in adults (mean age ≥ 18 years). Relevant databases were searched from the earliest record until November 2012. Search terms included: nutrition; diet or food knowledge and energy intake; feeding behaviour; diet; eating; nutrient or food intake or ...
Goetzke Beate B Department of Agricultural Economics and Rural Development - Marketing of Food and Agricultural Products, Georg-August University of Goettingen, Platz der Göttinger Sieben 5, 37073 Goettingen, Germany. Electronic address: - - 2014
Health is an important motivation for the consumption of both organic and functional foods. The aim of this study was to clarify to what extent the consumption of organic and functional foods are characterized by a healthier lifestyle and a higher level of well-being. Moreover, the influence of social desirability ...
Kass Nancy N Nancy Kass is with the Johns Hopkins Berman Institute of Bioethics and the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD. At the time of the study, Kenneth Hecht was with California Food Policy Advocates, Oakland, CA. Amy Paul is with the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health and Johns Hopkins Berman Institute of Bioethics. Kerry Birnbach is with California Food Policy Advocates, Oakland, - - 2014
Obesity and overweight prevalence soared to unprecedented levels in the United States, with 1 in 3 adults and 1 in 6 children currently categorized as obese. Although many approaches have been taken to encourage individual behavior change, policies increasingly attempt to modify environments to have a more positive influence on ...
Mirmira Priyadarshini P Park Tudor High School, Indianapolis, - - 2014
Bisphenol A (BPA) is a ubiquitous industrial chemical found in a variety of plastic containers intended for food storage, and in the epoxy resin linings of metal food and beverage cans, where it is used to prevent corrosion, food contamination, and spoilage. BPA has been linked recently to a wide ...
Thow Anne Marie - - 2014
Diet-related noncommunicable diseases represent a major global public health challenge, and require a multisectoral policy response. However, the use of trade policy in this context has met with varied success in the face of strong global trade liberalization agendas. The Government of Ghana has implemented an innovative food standards policy ...
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