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Results 301 - 350 of 1872
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Kanagawa Yoshiyuki Y Division of Social Medicine, Graduate School of Medicine, The University of - - 2014
Objectives With increasing global interest in intentional food contamination, expert meetings have been held by the G8, while the U.S. government has proposed policies for preventing food terrorism and intentional contamination. However, Japan has no food defense policy, and some food companies are concerned about an impending terrorism and contamination crisis.Methods We ...
Halbrich Michelle M Montreal Children's Hospital, McGill, Montreal, Quebec, - - 2014
Most physicians recognise the severe nature of the anaphylactic reactions associated with IgE-mediated food allergy. Adverse reactions to food involving non-IgE mechanisms are often less well understood and are often not diagnosed. Food protein-induced enterocolitis syndrome (FPIES) is an example of a severe non-IgE immune-mediated food reaction that is part ...
Brujbu Cristina - - 2014
Dyspepsia or indigestion is a term that refers to a multitude of symptoms and disorders of the digestive system which cause suffering in many patients. Dyspepsia means pain or discomfort that is centrally localized in the upper abdomen. The following categories of symptoms may also be present: pain localized in ...
Aliaga Marie Agnès MA Núcleo de Pesquisa em Nutrição e Políticas Públicas, Escola de Nutrição, Universidade Federal da Bahia (Bahia Federal University), Brazil. Electronic address: - - 2014
Food security exists when all people, at all times, have physical and economic access to sufficient, safe and nutritious food to meet their dietary needs and food preferences for an active and healthy life. In a global scenario where hunger and obesity affect millions of people, public actions have been ...
Meyers-Manor Julia E - - 2013
In an ever-changing world, the ability to track what significant events occur and where and when is beneficial to a variety of animal species. The purpose of the present studies was to assess the presence of this ability to track what-where-when memory in pigeons based both on when during the ...
Laurance William F WF Centre for Tropical Environmental and Sustainability Science and School of Marine and Tropical Biology, James Cook University, Cairns, QLD 4878, Australia. Electronic address: - - 2013
The human population is projected to reach 11 billion this century, with the greatest increases in tropical developing nations. This growth, in concert with rising per-capita consumption, will require large increases in food and biofuel production. How will these megatrends affect tropical terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems and biodiversity? We foresee ...
Sicherer Scott H SH Division of Allergy and Immunology, Department of Pediatrics, Elliot and Roslyn Jaffe Food Allergy Institute, Kravis Children's Hospital, Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai, New York, NY. Electronic address: - - 2013
This review focuses on advances and updates in the epidemiology, pathogenesis, diagnosis, and treatment of food allergy over the past 3 years since our last comprehensive review. On the basis of numerous studies, food allergy likely affects nearly 5% of adults and 8% of children, with growing evidence of an ...
Kennedy James J Department of Psychology, Case Western Reserve University. Electronic address: - - 2013
Obesity is a complex disorder associated with serious health risks. Examining differences in brain activity between normal weight and obese populations in response to food cues may help researchers and clinicians understand the underlying causes of overeating and obesity and help prevent them. Multiple neuroimaging studies have investigated weight differences ...
Smithers Lisa G LG School of Population Health, University of Adelaide, Adelaide, South Australia, - - 2013
The aim of this study is to examine the amount of non-core (unhealthy) food advertising currently on Australian television (i) during children's programmes and viewing times; (ii) since the introduction of food industry self-regulatory initiatives in 2009; and (iii) whether advertising differs according to signatory status to industry initiatives. We ...
Thom James M JM Department of Psychology, University of Cambridge, Downing Street, Cambridge, CB2 3EB, UK. Electronic address: - - 2013
Humans and other animals often favour immediate gratification over long-term gain. Primates, including humans, appear more willing to wait for rewards than other animals, such as rats or pigeons. Another group displaying impressive patience are the corvids, which possess large brains and show sophisticated cognitive abilities. Here, we assess intertemporal ...
Hadjigeorgiou Andreas A University of Crete, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health & Health Care, Management, Heraklion, Crete, Greece; Ministry of Health, Public Health Services, Nicosia, Cyprus. Electronic address: - - 2013
Cyprus does not have a National Food Safety Authority (NFSA), but a multi-level, fragmented system with responsibilities divided among different ministries and governmental agencies, frequently impeding efforts to effectively manage food risks by duplication and overlapping of responsibilities. A population-based survey was carried out to determine the beliefs and attitudes ...
Hakimeh Dani - - 2013
The epidemic of childhood allergic disorders has been associated to the decline of infectious disease. However, exposure to many triggers (airborne viruses, tobacco smoke, pollution, indoor allergens, etc.) contribute to the disease. Breast feeding practices, nutrition, dietary and obesity also play a multifaceted role in shaping the observed worldwide trends ...
Kahl Johannes J University of Kassel, Witzenhausen, - - 2013
Organic food quality determination needs multi-dimensional evaluation tools. The main focus is on the authentication as an analytical verification of the certification process. New fingerprinting approaches such as UPLC-MS, GC-MS, DART-HR-MS as well as crystallization with and without the presence of additives seem to be promising methods in terms of ...
Kahl Johannes J Department of Organic Food Quality and Food Culture, University of Kassel, D-37213, Witzenhausen, - - 2013
In 2007 the EU Regulation (EC) 834/2007 introduced principles and criteria for organic food processing. These regulations have been analysed and discussed in several scientific publications and research project reports. Recently organic food quality was described by principles, aspects and criteria. These principles from organic agriculture were verified and adapted ...
Navarro-López Juan J Departamento de Ecología Evolutiva, Museo Nacional de Ciencias Naturales, C.S.I.C., José Gutiérrez Abascal 2, 28006, Madrid, Spain, - - 2013
Strategies developed by organisms to maximize foraging efficiency have a strong influence on fitness. The way in which the range of food resources is exploited has served to classify species, populations and individuals from more specialist (narrow trophic niche) to more generalist (broad trophic niche). Recent studies have provided evidence ...
Robinson Eric - - 2013
There is interest in the hypothesis that social norms are a determinant of healthy and unhealthy dietary practices. The objective of our work was to assess the weight of evidence that experimentally manipulated information about eating norms influences food intake and choice. This systematic review of experimental studies examined whether ...
Raichlen David A DA School of Anthropology, University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ - - 2013
When searching for food, many organisms adopt a superdiffusive, scale-free movement pattern called a Lévy walk, which is considered optimal when foraging for heterogeneously located resources with little prior knowledge of distribution patterns [Viswanathan GM, da Luz MGE, Raposo EP, Stanley HE (2011) The Physics of Foraging: An Introduction to ...
Vincent van Buul V J VJ a Department of Human Biology, Faculty of Health, Medicine and Life Sciences , Maastricht University , The - - 2013
European regulations mandate that only substantiated and approved statements can be used as nutrition and health related claims in food marketing. A thorough understanding of consumer perceptions of these approved claims is needed to assess their impact on both the selection of functional foods and innovative functional food concepts. In ...
Gormezano Linda J - - 2013
Flexible foraging strategies, such as prey switching, omnivory and food mixing, are key to surviving in a labile and changing environment. Polar bears (Ursus maritimus) in western Hudson Bay are versatile predators that use all of these strategies as they seasonally exploit resources across trophic levels. Climate warming is reducing ...
Monterrosa Eva C EC Department of Health Promotion, Education, and Behavior, University of South Carolina, 800 Sumter St. Room 216, Columbia, SC 29208, USA, Centro de Investigación y Salud, Instituto Nacional de Salud Pública, Av. Universidad 655, Col. Santa María Ahuacatitlán, 62100 Cuernavaca, Morelos, México and Obesity and Eating Disorders Clinic, Department of Endocrinology and Metabolism, Instituto Nacional de Ciencias Médicas y Nutrición Salvador Zubirán, Vasco de Quiroga 15, Col. Sección XVI, Tlalpan 14000, D.F., - - 2013
In Mexico, the school environment has been promoting sale of unhealthy foods. There is little empirical evidence on multi-stakeholder perspectives around national school food policy to regulate this. We studied stakeholders' perspectives on the proposed regulation for school sale of unhealthy foods. Comments about the regulation were available from an ...
Rada Elena Cristina EC University of Trento, Department of Civil, Environmental and Mechanical Engineering, via Mesiano 77, I-38123 Trento, Italy. Electronic address: - - 2013
Effective selective collection (SC) has been increasing in many countries of the European Union. As a consequence the composition of residual municipal solid waste (RMSW) is changing not only because of economic development, but also due to the collection system. The input of RMSW treatment plants is thus not homogeneous. ...
Schwarz Sebastian S Department of Psychology, Neuroscience and Behaviour, McMaster University, ON, L8S4K1, Hamilton, Canada, - - 2013
Selecting food items and attaining a nutritionally balanced diet is an important challenge for all animals including humans. We aimed to establish fruit fly larvae (Drosophila melanogaster) as a simple yet powerful model system for examining the mechanisms of specific hunger and diet selection. In two lab experiments with artificial ...
Nicholas P K PK Institute of Biological, Environmental and Rural Sciences, Aberystwyth University, IBERS Gogerddan Campus, Aberystwyth University, Aberystwyth, SY23 3EE, United Kingdom. Electronic address: - - 2013
The growth in organic and low-input farming practices is driven by both market demand for high quality, safe food, and European Union policy support, and these types of farming practices are considered in European Union policies for sustainable production, food quality, healthy life, and rural development. However, many constraints to ...
Sanjuán Nieves - - 2013
Food is one of the most energy and CO2-intensive consumer goods. While environmental data on primary agricultural products are increasingly becoming available, there are large data gaps concerning food processing. Abridging these gaps is important, e.g. the food industry can use such data to optimize processes from an environmental perspective, ...
Herrero Mario M Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organization, St Lucia, QLD 4067, - - 2013
We present a unique, biologically consistent, spatially disaggregated global livestock dataset containing information on biomass use, production, feed efficiency, excretion, and greenhouse gas emissions for 28 regions, 8 livestock production systems, 4 animal species (cattle, small ruminants, pigs, and poultry), and 3 livestock products (milk, meat, and eggs). The dataset ...
Kaposi Katrina L - - 2013
There is increasing concern about the impacts of microplastics (< 1mm) on marine biota. Microplastics may be mistaken for food items and ingested by a wide variety of organisms. While the effects of ingesting microplastic have been explored for some adult organisms, there is poor understanding of the effects of ...
Marotta Giuseppe G DEMM, University of Sannio, via delle Puglie 82, 82100, Benevento - - 2013
The objective of this study is to understand the level of attention that the consumer awards to a balanced diet and to product ingredients, with a twofold purpose: to understand whether food product reformulation can generate a competitive advantage for companies that practice it and to evaluate the most appropriate ...
- - 2013
There is a plethora of schemes for assuring the welfare of food animals but, with each having different standards and with incomplete coverage of all livestock sectors, consumers are confused about what they all mean. A debate at this year's BVA Congress highlighted the problem, and considered how it might ...
Nelson Philip E PE Department of Food Science, Purdue University, West Lafayette, Indiana 47907; email: - - 2013
This autobiographical article describes my early years, education, and career at Purdue University. Helping form and expand the Department of Food Science at Purdue was exciting and gratifying, and working with students in the classroom and on research projects was rewarding and kept me feeling young. My research on bulk ...
Gilbreath Thomas M TM - - 2013
In sub-Saharan Africa, malaria, transmitted by the Anopheles mosquito, remains one of the foremost public health concerns. Anopheles gambiae, the primary malaria vector in sub-Saharan Africa, is typically associated with ephemeral, sunlit habitats; however, An. gambiae larvae often share these habitats with other anophelines along with other disease-transmitting and benign ...
Cuerda C - - 2013
Second-generation antipsychotics (SGA) are associated with weight gain and metabolic alterations including hyperglycemia, dyslipidemia, hypertension and metabolic syndrome. These metabolic side effects increase cardiovascular risk and are related to medication non-compliance. Patients without previous exposure to these or other antipsychotic drugs (naive patients) seem to be more prone to develop ...
Gwirtz Jeffrey A JA Department of Grain Science and Industry, Kansas State University, Manhattan, - - 2013
Corn is the cereal with the highest production worldwide and is used for human consumption, livestock feed, and fuel. Various food technologies are currently used for processing industrially produced maize flours and corn meals in different parts of the world to obtain precooked refined maize flour, dehydrated nixtamalized flour, fermented ...
King Jerry W JW Departments of Chemistry & Biochemistry and Food Science, University of Arkansas, Fayetteville, Arkansas 72701; email: - - 2013
This review provides an update on the use of supercritical fluid (SCF) technology as applied to food-based materials. It advocates the use of the solubility parameter theory (SPT) for rationalizing the results obtained when employing sub- and supercritical media to food and nutrient-bearing materials and for optimizing processing conditions. Total ...
Meye Frank J FJ Institut du Fer à Moulin, Paris, France; Inserm, UMR-S839, Paris, France; Université Pierre et Marie Curie 75005 Paris, - - 2014
Overconsumption of high caloric food plays an important role in the etiology of obesity. Several factors drive such hedonic feeding. High caloric food is often palatable. In addition, when an individual is sated, stress and food-related cues can serve as potent feeding triggers. A better understanding of the neurobiological underpinnings ...
Dove Hugh - - 2013
The utilisation of dual-purpose crops, especially wheat and canola grown for forage and grain production in sheep-grazing systems, is reviewed. When sown early and grazed in winter before stem elongation, later-maturing wheat and canola crops can be grazed with little impact on grain yield. Recent research has sought to develop ...
Watanabe Arii - - 2013
When humans mentally reconstruct past events and imagine future scenarios, their subjective experience of mentally time travelling is accompanied by the awareness of doing so. Despite recent popularity of studying episodic memory in animals, such phenomenological consciousness has been extremely difficult to demonstrate without agreed behavioural markers of consciousness in ...
Bordenave Nicolas - - 2013
Many of the potential health benefits of flavonoids have been associated with their specific chemical and biological properties including their ability to interact and bind non-covalently to macronutrients in foods. While flavonoid-protein interactions and binding have been the subject of intensive study, significantly less is understood about non-covalent interactions with ...
Kannan Swati - - 2013
The topic of vitamin D is at the forefront of discussions due to evidence suggesting its role in extra-skeletal health. It is already established that vitamin D plays a key role in skeletal health in young and elderly adults. This vitamin is obtained mainly through sunlight; various factors such as ...
Kim Sun Tae - - 2013
Rice proteomics has progressed with tremendous pace since the year 2000, and that has resulted in establishing and understanding the proteomes of tissues, organs, and organelles under both normal and abnormal (adverse) environmental conditions. Established proteomes have also helped in re-annotating the rice genome and revealing the new role of ...
Praveena Sarva Mangala - - 2013
Abstract This article provides an overview of research on mercury (Hg) contamination in Malaysia and its evolution from 1979 to 2012. The objective of this paper was to review and provide an understanding of Hg exposures in the environment, humans, and food in Malaysia. Hg concentration in the environment is ...
Fardet A A INRA, UMR 1019, UNH, CRNH Auvergne, F-63000 CLERMONT-FERRAND, France; Clermont Université, Université d'Auvergne, Unité de Nutrition Humaine, BP 10448, F-63000 CLERMONT-FERRAND, France. Electronic address: - - 2013
The study of micronutrient and phytochemical (MaP, i.e., non-energy nutrients) bioavailability has been mainly studied through a reductionist and pharmacological approach. This has led to associate one health effect to one MaP. However, human interventional studies have given conflicting and disappointing results about MaP supplementation. This is because the health ...
Simmen Bruno - - 2013
Folivorous primate biomass has been shown to positively correlate with the average protein-to-fiber ratio in mature leaves of tropical forests. However, studies have failed to explain the mismatch between dietary selection and the role of the protein-to-fiber ratio on primate biomass; why do not folivores always favor mature leaves or ...
Yousuf Fazila - - 2013
The corticoid fungus, Amylostereum areolatum is deposited in pine trees by the wood wasp, Sirex noctilio, at the time of oviposition. This fungus is essential in S. noctilio larval growth and it is also a food source for Beddingia siricidicola, the nematode used for S. noctilio biological control. In recent years the historically successful biological control program has been ...
Wiart Christophe - - 2013
I read with interest the article of Cho and Colleagues (2012) entitled: "Neuroprotective and anti-inflammatory activities of the methanolic extract of Rhus verniciflua Stokes" Food and Chemical Toxicology 50(6), 1940-1945. This article is quite interesting and the authors should be complimented for the great amount of work they have done. ...
Hagen Ralf Matthias - - 2013
We evaluated the potential of Cryptosporidium spp. for intentional transmission as a terrorist tactic in asymmetric conflicts in terms of the recognised optimum conditions for biological warfare. Published and widely accepted criteria regarding the optimum conditions for the success of biological warfare based on experience from passive biological warfare research ...
Dickin Katherine L - - 2013
Research identifying associations between parental behaviors and children's food and activity choices and weight suggests that the integration of parenting and nutrition education holds promise for promoting healthful eating and activity in families. However, translational research leading to sustainable interventions lags behind. Development and testing of interventions within actual program ...
Montealegre Cristina - - 2013
Glycerophospholipids are amphiphilic molecules possessing polar head groups with a glycerol backbone and non-polar variable long-chain fatty acids. Numerous molecular species are found in a single class of glycerophospholipid, conferring to these lipids a high structural diversity. They are major components of biological membranes and participate in important activities involving ...
Toh J Y - - 2013
Epidemiological studies suggest that high intakes of dietary flavonoids are associated with decreased cardiovascular disease mortality and risk factors. Less is known about the cardioprotective effects of flavonoids from fruit and vegetables. This review summarizes data from studies which examine the effects of commonly consumed fruit and vegetables on cardiovascular ...
Batcagan-Abueg Ada Portia M - - 2013
Increased dietary sodium intake is a modifiable risk factor for cardiovascular disease. The monitoring of population sodium intake is a key part of any salt reduction intervention. However, the extent and methods used for as-sessment of sodium intake in Southeast Asia is currently unclear. This paper provides a narrative synthesis ...
Halmos Emma P - - 2013
Gastrointestinal symptoms including diarrhea are common complications of enteral nutrition (EN); however, the cause is unclear. Mode of EN delivery that alters digestion and possibly absorption is suggested to contribute to the high incidence of diarrhea; however, enteral formula is frequently blamed. Most research has focused on fiber-supplemented EN, with ...
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