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Results 251 - 300 of 1875
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Inoue Madoka M School of Public Health and Curtin Health Innovation Research Institute, Curtin University, Perth, Western Australia, GPO Box U1987 Perth, Western Australia 6845, Australia. - - 2014
For infants' optimal growth and development, the introduction of nutritionally suitable solid foods at the appropriate time is essential. However, less attention has been paid to this stage of infant life when compared with studies on breastfeeding initiation and duration. The practice of introducing solid foods, including the types of ...
Asmaro Deyar D Department of Psychology, Simon Fraser University, 8888 University Drive, RCB 5246, Burnaby, BC V5A 1S6, Canada. - - 2014
There has been a great deal of interest in understanding how the human brain processes appetitive food cues, and knowing how such cues elicit craving responses is particularly relevant when current eating behavior trends within Westernized societies are considered. One substance that holds a special place with regard to food ...
Bast Elizabeth S ES University of Pennsylvania Perelman School of Medicine, Philadelphia, PA 19104, United States - - 2014
This review explores the potential overlap between the fields of nutrition and therapeutic humor, together with the role of humor as a possible tool for aiding those in whom emotions, particularly negative ones, trigger eating as a means to improve mood. We review emotional eating, obesity, and the hypothesized mechanisms ...
Godfray H Charles J HC Oxford Martin Programme on the Future of Food, Oxford University, , South Parks Road, Oxford OX1 3PS, - - 2014
The coming decades are likely to see increasing pressures on the global food system, both on the demand side from increasing population and per capita consumption, and on the supply side from greater competition for inputs and from climate change. This paper argues that the magnitude of the challenge is ...
Moore Geromy G GG Southern Regional Research Center, Agricultural Research Service, United States Department of Agriculture New Orleans, LA, - - 2014
For most of the half century that aflatoxigenic species have been intensively studied, these molds were known only to reproduce asexually, with parasexuality found only in the laboratory between certain mutant strains. Therefore, the fairly recent discovery of their sexual (teleomorphic) states creates a new wrinkle in our understanding of ...
Hamburg Myrte E ME Department of Clinical Child and Family Studies, VU University Amsterdam Amsterdam, - - 2014
The present article examines the interpersonal and intrapersonal antecedents and consequences of food offering. Food offering is one of the earliest biobehavioral regulatory interactions between parent and child. It ensures survival of the child who is fully dependent on food provision by others. The quality of these early interactions influences ...
Tsuboyama-Kasaoka Nobuyo N Section of the Dietary Reference Intakes, Department of Nutritional Epidemiology, National Institute of Health and Nutrition 1-23-1, Toyama, Shinjuku-ku, Tokyo 162-8636, Japan. - - 2014
The Great East Japan Earthquake of 2011 left many evacuees with insufficient food and emergency shelter. However, there is no evidence concerning the factors affecting dietary circumstances in emergency shelters after disasters. To clarify the factors that influenced the provision of meals, we reanalyzed a data set from a dietary ...
Ozen Asli E AE Research Group on Community Nutrition and Oxidative Stress. University of Balearic Islands, and CIBER CB12/03/30038 Fisiopatología de la Obesidad y la Nutrición (CIBERobn). Palma de Mallorca. Spain.. - - 2014
Objective: To assess differences in functional foods consumption between European countries. Design: Systematic review. The literature search was conducted in Medlars Online International Literature (MEDLINE), via PubMed© and Scopus. Twenty two studies were identified to examine the differences in functional food consumption between European countries. Results: Figures on consumers of ...
Hussain Abid A a International Centre for Integrated Mountain Development , Kathmandu , - - 2014
This comparative study investigated variations in food patterns across the seasons in rural Pakistan through assessing the changes in food variety, dietary diversity and calorie intake. It analyzed the situation using the primary information of 97 and 114 households surveyed in summer and winter respectively. Findings revealed a significant difference ...
Arvanitoyannis Ioannis S IS a Department of Agriculture, Ichthyology, and Aquatic Environment, School of Agricultural Sciences , University of Thessaly, Fytokou, Nea Ionia Magnessias , 38446 , Volos , Hellas , - - 2014
The importance of environmental protection has been recently upgraded due to the continuously increasing environmental pollution load. Life Cycle Assessment (LCA), wellknown as ISO 14040, has been repeatedly shown to be a useful and powerful tool for assessing the environmental performance of industrial processes, both in the European and American ...
Armelagos George J GJ a Department of Anthropology , Emory University , 1557 Dickey Drive , Atlanta , GA , 30321 , - - 2014
A coevolutionary paradigm using a biocultural perspective can help to unravel the complex interactions that led to the contemporary pattern of eating. Evolutionary history helps to understand the adaptation of diet and its nutritional implications. Anatomical and behavioral changes linked to changing dietary patterns in the Paleolithic resulted in an ...
Gulia Neelam N a Department of Food Technology , Guru Jambheshwar University of Science and Technology , Hisar , - - 2014
Noodles are one of the staple foods consumed in many Asian countries. Instant noodles have become internationally recognized food, and worldwide consumption is on the rise. The properties of instant noodles like taste, nutrition, convenience, safety, longer shelf-life, and reasonable price have made them popular. Quality factors important for instant ...
Geraci Angela A AA Department of Health Nutrition and Exercise Sciences, North Dakota State University, 351 EML, Box 6050, Fargo, ND 58108-6050, - - 2014
Purpose. Obesity has reached epidemic proportions in the U.S. and has nearly doubled worldwide since 1980. Bariatric surgery is on the rise, but little focus has been placed on the psychosocial impacts of surgery. The purpose of this study was to explore experiences of patients who have undergone bariatric surgery ...
Cline Andrew R AR Plant Pest Diagnostics Center, California Department of Food and Agriculture, Sacramento, California, United States of - - 2014
The multi-trophic relationship between insects, yeast, and filamentous fungi is reported on sabal palm (Sabal palmetto (Walter) Lodd. ex Schult. & Schult. f.). Gut content analyses and observations of adult and larval feeding of the sap beetle Brachypeplus glaber LeConte indicate that niche partitioning of fungal food substrata occurs between ...
Dong Yiyang Y a Beijing Key Laboratory of Bioprocess, College of Life Science and Technology , Beijing University of Chemical Technology , Beijing , P.R. - - 2014
Accompanied by industrial globalization, rapid urbanization, and population increment, mass production and staple trading for food consumption are upsoaring continuously, foodborne disease resulted from various food safety issues is currently a crucial public health concern worldwide, which has not only created a great burden on both economy and society, but ...
Akhtar Shamim S a Department of Botany , Pir Mehr Ali Shah Arid Agriculture University , Rawalpindi , - - 2014
The legume Arachis hypogaea, commonly known as peanut or groundnut, is a very important food crop throughout the tropics and subtropics. Peanut is one of the most widely used legumes due to its nutrition and taste, and it occupies a rank of major oilseed crop in the world. It has ...
Dziuba Bartłomiej B Department of Industrial and Food Microbiology, University of Warmia and Mazury in Olsztyn, - - 2014
Proteins are one of the primary components of the food, both in terms of nutrition and function. They are main source of amino acids, essential for synthesis of proteins, and also source of energy. Additionally, many proteins exhibit specifi c biological activities, which may have effect on functional or pro-health ...
Litchfield John H JH Department of Food Science and Technology, Ohio State University, Columbus, Ohio 43210-1007; email: - - 2014
In this review, I cover my professional experiences in food science and technology and related areas of applied and industrial microbiology over the span of my career. It emphasizes opportunities and technological problems that I encountered together with my progress in follow-up development of products and processes.
Moubarac Jean-Claude JC of São Paulo and Université de - - 2014
Purpose: A classification of foods based on the nature, extent, and purpose of industrial food processing was used to assess changes in household food expenditures and dietary energy availability between 1938 and 2011 in Canada. Methods: Food acquisitions from six household food budget surveys (1938/1939 , 1953, 1969, 1984, 2001, ...
Christa Gregor G Zoologisches Forschungsmuseum Alexander Koenig, Adenauerallee 160, 53113 Bonn, Germany. - - 2014
Sacoglossan sea slugs are well known for their unique ability among metazoans to incorporate functional chloroplasts (kleptoplasty) in digestive glandular cells, enabling the slugs to use these as energy source when starved for weeks and months. However, members assigned to the shelled Oxynoacea and Limapontioidea (often with dorsal processes) are ...
Demattè M Luisa ML Department of Food Quality and Nutrition, Research and Innovation Centre, Fondazione Edmund Mach, San Michele all'Adige - - 2014
Food neophobia, that is the reluctance to try novel foods, is an attitude that dramatically affects human feeding behavior in many different aspects among which food preferences and food choices appear to be the most thoroughly considered. This attitude has an important evolutionary meaning since it protects the individual from ...
Kinaston Rebecca R Department of Anatomy, University of Otago, Dunedin, New - - 2014
Remote Oceania was colonized ca. 3000 BP by populations associated with the Lapita Cultural Complex, marking a major event in the prehistoric settlement of the Pacific Islands. Although over 250 Lapita sites have been found throughout the Western Pacific, human remains associated with Lapita period sites are rare. The site ...
G Ritu R Charak Foundation, P.O. Box 3547, Cerritos, CA 90703, - - 2014
Vitamin D deficiency prevails in epidemic proportions all over the Indian subcontinent, with a prevalence of 70%-100% in the general population. In India, widely consumed food items such as dairy products are rarely fortified with vitamin D. Indian socioreligious and cultural practices do not facilitate adequate sun exposure, thereby negating ...
Fröcklin Sara S Department of Ecology, Environment and Plant Sciences, Stockholm University, Stockholm, - - 2014
Invertebrate harvesting is an important livelihood in tropical settings providing income and food for numerous populations throughout the world. However, the lack of research, policy and management directed towards this livelihood hinders the analysis of time trends to evaluate invertebrate resources status. Another missing aspect is the consideration of gender ...
Qi Qibin Q Department of Nutrition, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA, - - 2014
To examine the interactions between genetic predisposition and consumption of fried food in relation to body mass index (BMI) and obesity. Prospective cohort study. Health professionals in the United States. 9623 women from the Nurses' Health Study, 6379 men from the Health Professionals Follow-up Study, and a replication cohort of ...
Pearson Amber L AL Department of Public Health, University of Otago, Wellington, New Zealand; Department of Geography, University of Canterbury, Christchurch, New - - 2014
Inadequate fruit and vegetable (F&V) consumption is an important dietary risk factor for disease internationally. High F&V prices can be a barrier to dietary intake and so to improve understanding of this topic we surveyed prices and potential competition between F&V outlet types. Over a three week early autumn period ...
Tsukamoto Yusuke Y Department of Integrated Biosciences, Graduate School of Frontier Sciences, The University of Tokyo Chiba, Japan ; Department of Applied Biological Chemistry, Graduate School of Agricultural and Life Sciences, The University of Tokyo Tokyo, - - 2014
Most insect species exhibit characteristic behavioral changes after mating. Typical post-mating behaviors in female insects include noticeable increases in food intake, elevated oviposition rates, lowered receptivity to courting males, and enhanced immune response. Although it has been reported that mated females of several insect species including the fruit fly, Drosophila ...
Serra-Majem Lluís L Research Institute of Biomedical and Health Sciences. University of Las Palmas de Gran Canaria. Spain. Nutrition Research Foundation-FIN. Barcelona Science Park. Barcelona. Spain. Ciber Obn Physiopathology of Obesity and Nutrition. Institute of Health "Carlos III". Madrid. Spain.. - - 2014
Multidisciplinary experts in the areas of nutrition and health met in Chinchón, Madrid, on November 25-26, 2013 under the auspices of the Fundación para la Investigación Nutricional (Nutrition Research Foundation) and with the collaboration of the Madrid Regional Government's Health Ministry, the International Sweeteners Association and the Carlos III Health ...
Ziauddeen Hisham H Department of Psychiatry, University of Cambridge; Metabolic Research Laboratories, Wellcome Trust-MRC Institute of Metabolic Science, University of Cambridge; Cambridgeshire & Peterborough NHS Foundation Trust, University of Cambridge; - - 2014
A key challenge in studying reward processing in humans is to go beyond subjective self-report measures and quantify different aspects of reward such as hedonics, motivation, and goal value in more objective ways. This is particularly relevant for the understanding of overeating and obesity as well as their potential treatments. ...
Nikolić Marina M Institute for Medical Research, Centre of Research Excellence in Nutrition and Metabolism, University of Belgrade, Tadeuša Košćuška 1, Belgrade 11000, Serbia. - - 2014
The aim of the CHANCE project is to develop novel and affordable nutritious foods to optimize the diet and reduce the risk of diet-related diseases among groups at risk of poverty (ROP). This paper describes the methodology used in the two initial steps to accomplish the project's objective as follows: ...
Antonicelli L L Allergy Unit, Department of Internal Medicine, Azienda Ospedaliero-Universitaria "Ospedali Riuniti" di Ancona, Ancona, Italy. - - 2014
The development of component-resolved diagnostics constitutes a potential breakthrough in food allergy testing, as detection of specific IgE (sIgE) to individual allergens may make it possible to establish the risk of a mild versus severe reaction. To compare allergists' risk assessment based on the current decision making process with that ...
López-Peraza Diana Judith DJ Centro de Investigación Científica y de Educación Superior de Ensenada (CICESE), Baja California, - - 2014
The high mortalities registered in the larval stage during octopus culturing are mainly due to nutritional deficiencies of the food provided. To understand the cause of this problem, we studied the ontogenetic development of the digestive system of Octopus bimaculatus paralarvae. An egg batch was obtained from a gravid female ...
Mattanovich Diethard D Department of Biotechnology, University of Natural Resources and Life Sciences, Muthgasse 18, 1190 Vienna, Austria. - - 2014
Yeasts are regarded as the first microorganisms used by humans to process food and alcoholic beverages. The technology developed out of these ancient processes has been the basis for modern industrial biotechnology. Yeast biotechnology has gained great interest again in the last decades. Joining the potentials of genomics, metabolic engineering, ...
Nawroth Christian C Department of Animal Husbandry and Ecology, Institute of Agricultural and Nutritional Sciences, Martin-Luther-University, Halle, - - 2014
Using a comparative approach, we investigated the ability of dwarf goats and sheep to use direct and indirect information about the location of a food reward in an object-choice task. Subjects had to choose between two cups with only one covering a reward. Before making a choice, subjects received information ...
Couvillon Margaret J MJ Laboratory of Apiculture and Social Insects, School of Life Sciences, University of Sussex, Falmer, Brighton, United - - 2014
Even as demand for their services increases, honey bees (Apis mellifera) and other pollinating insects continue to decline in Europe and North America. Honey bees face many challenges, including an issue generally affecting wildlife: landscape changes have reduced flower-rich areas. One way to help is therefore to supplement with flowers, ...
Poppy G M GM Centre for Biological Sciences, University of Southampton, , Southampton SO17 1BJ, - - 2014
Achieving food security in a 'perfect storm' scenario is a grand challenge for society. Climate change and an expanding global population act in concert to make global food security even more complex and demanding. As achieving food security and the millennium development goal (MDG) to eradicate hunger influences the attainment ...
Harvey Celia A CA Conservation International, , 2011 Crystal Drive Suite 500, Arlington, VA 22202, - - 2014
Across the tropics, smallholder farmers already face numerous risks to agricultural production. Climate change is expected to disproportionately affect smallholder farmers and make their livelihoods even more precarious; however, there is limited information on their overall vulnerability and adaptation needs. We conducted surveys of 600 households in Madagascar to characterize ...
Gase Lauren L Health and Policy Assessment, Division of Chronic Disease and Injury Prevention, Los Angeles County Department of Public Health, 3530 Wilshire Blvd, 8th Floor, Los Angeles, CA 90010. E-mail: - - 2014
Reducing the portion size of food and beverages served at restaurants has emerged as a strategy for addressing the obesity epidemic; however, barriers and facilitators to achieving this goal are not well characterized. In fall 2012, the Los Angeles County Department of Public Health conducted semistructured interviews with restaurant owners ...
Azam Fardous Mohammad Safiul FM Department of Biotechnology & Genetic Engineering, Faculty of Life Sciences, University of Development Alternative, House No. 78, Road No. 11A (new), Dhanmondi, Dhaka 1209, - - 2014
Plants have served as sources of food and medicines for human beings since their advent. During famines or conditions of food scarcity, people throughout the world depend on unconventional plant items to satiate their hunger and meet their nutritional needs. Malnourished people often suffer from various diseases, much more than ...
Kim Ki-Hyun KH Department of Civil & Environmental Engineering, Hanyang University, Seoul 133-791, Korea. - - 2014
People encounter enormous numbers of chemicals present in the outdoor atmosphere and/or in the various facilities they use daily. Despite such diversity, not many of them have necessarily the potential to draw human's nasal attraction if their perception thresholds are in general not sufficiently low enough, regardless of abundance. In ...
Benelli Giovanni G Insect Behaviour Group, Department of Agriculture, Food and Environment, University of Pisa, Pisa, - - 2014
The introduction of sown wildflower strips favours the establishment of pollinator communities, with special reference to social Apoidea. Here, we evaluated the late summer flowering Cephalaria transsylvanica as suitable species for strips providing food for pollinators in paucity periods. C. transsylvanica showed no particular requirements in terms of seed germination ...
Kaplan Ian I Department of Entomology, Purdue University, West Lafayette, Indiana, United States of - - 2014
Herbivores are squeezed between the two omnipresent threats of variable food quality and natural enemy attack, but these two factors are not independent of one another. The mechanisms by which organisms navigate the dual challenges of foraging while avoiding predation are poorly understood. We tested the effects of plant defense ...
Vandevijvere Stefanie S Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, University of Auckland, School of Population Health, Auckland, New Zealand. - - 2014
Unhealthy processed food products are increasingly dominating over healthy foods, making food and nutrition environments unhealthier. Development and implementation of strong government healthy food policies is currently being circumvented in many countries by powerful food industry lobbying. In order to increase accountability of both governments and the private sector for ...
Tran Mark V MV Department of Zoology, Michigan State University, East Lansing, Michigan, United States of America; Ecology, Evolutionary Biology, and Behavior Program, Michigan State University, East Lansing, Michigan, United States of - - 2014
The vertical zonation patterns of intertidal organisms have been topics of interest to marine ecologists for many years, with interspecific food competition being implicated as a contributing factor to intertidal community organization. In this study, we used behavioral bioassays to examine the potential roles that interspecific aggression and food competition ...
Wen Ping P College of Forest Resources and Environment, Nanjing Forestry University, Nanjing, China; Jiangsu Agrochem Laboratory, Changzhou, China; College of Agriculture and Biotechnology, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou, - - 2014
The eusocial termites are well accomplished in chemical communication, but how they achieve the communication using trace amount of no more than two pheromone components is mostly unknown. In this study, the foraging process and trail pheromones of the fungus-growing termite Odontotermes formosanus (Shiraki) were systematically studied and monitored in ...
Stengel Andreas A Division of General Internal and Psychosomatic Medicine, Charité Center for Internal Medicine and Dermatology, Charité-Universitätsmedizin Berlin Berlin, - - 2014
Early on, corticotropin-releasing factor (CRF), a hallmark brain peptide mediating many components of the stress response, was shown to affect food intake inducing a robust anorexigenic response when injected into the rodent brain. Subsequently, other members of the CRF signaling family have been identified, namely urocortin (Ucn) 1, Ucn 2, ...
Li Zhixiong - - 2014
This review summarizes recent research and development of nanosensors applied to the food safety. Since the food safety is directly related to the people's health and life, the food detection has received considerable attentions. However, this food security has emerged in China as a severe problem in recent years. Food ...
Duncan Gail E GE Ministry for Primary Industries, 25 The Terrace, Wellington 6140, New Zealand. - - 2014
I undertake a cost benefit analysis of the food safety regulation of production of poultry for the New Zealand domestic market and the reduction in foodborne illness following this. I take a societal perspective to demonstrate that regulation brings both benefits and costs. I derive a cost of illness (COI) ...
Kajale Dilip B DB a Gokhale Institute of Politics and Economics , Pune , - - 2014
This study examines the effects of information on consumers' willingness to pay (WTP) for genetically modified food (GMF). We used Vickrey second price experimental auction method for elicitation of consumer WTP for GM potato chips and GM soya-chocolate bar. The sample used in this study was university students from Delhi, ...
Jara Eddy E a Loma Linda University School of Public Health , Loma Linda , California , - - 2014
Decreasing access to competitive foods in schools has produced only modest effects on adolescents' eating patterns. This qualitative case study investigated persistent barriers to healthful eating among students attending an ethnically diverse middle school in a working-class urban neighborhood that had banned on campus competitive food sales. Participant observations, semi-structured ...
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