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Aiking Harry H From the Institute for Environmental Studies (IVM), VU University, De Boelelaan, Amsterdam, - - 2014
Food sustainability and food security are increasingly in the spotlight and increasingly intertwined. According to some projections we will need to nearly double food production in the next 4 decades. This article argues that protein production and consumption are pivotal to sustainability, because anthropogenic contributions to the nitrogen cycle are ...
Jacobs David R DR Jr From the Division of Epidemiology and Community Health, School of Public Health, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN (DRJ), and the Department of Preventive Medicine, School of Medicine, Loma Linda University, Loma Linda, CA - - 2014
Nutritionism reduces dietary advice to statements about a few nutrients, with sometimes unintended implications for science, industry, and the public. Although reductionist questions about nutrition are legitimate scientifically, a nutrient focus in the public arena forces the food industry to compete with the use of nutrient statements. Consumers must interpret ...
Zoon Harriët F A HF Division of Human Nutrition, Wageningen University, PO Box 8129, 6700 EV Wageningen, The Netherlands. Electronic address: - - 2014
In our food abundant environment food cues play an important role in the regulation of energy intake. Odours can be considered as external cues that signal energy content in the anticipatory phase of eating. This study aims to determine whether exposure to olfactory cues associated with energy dense foods leads ...
Lamppa John W JW Quantum Designs, 161 First Street, Cambridge, MA - - 2014
In the facilitation of widespread access to low-cost, good tasting food, the global food system has relied on the use of fat, sugar, chemical processing aids and plastics, among other elements potentially detrimental to human health and the environment. This contrasts starkly with the strategies of natural nutrition delivery systems. ...
Gearhardt Ashley N AN Department of Psychology, University of Michigan, 2268 East Hall, 530 Church St., Ann Arbor, MI, 48103. Electronic address: - - 2014
The contribution of an addictive process to elevated body mass index (BMI) and disordered eating is an area of growing interest. Yet, little is known about how "food addiction" may be related to disordered eating and obesity. The ability of addictive-like eating to account for eating pathology not captured by ...
Aceves Seema S SS Division of Allergy and Immunology, Department of Pediatrics and Medicine, University of California, San Diego, La Jolla, California, - - 2014
Eosinophilic esophagitis is a clinicopathologic disease of increasing worldwide prevalence that is triggered by food antigens. The concurrent management of all of the atopic diseases affecting a single individual is likely to be important for successful long-term eosinophilic esophagitis management. This review covers the role of the allergist in eosinophilic ...
Dakal Tikam Chand TC Department of Life Sciences, University of Modena and Reggio Emilia, Via Amendola 2, 42122, Reggio Emilia, - - 2014
The osmotolerant and halotolerant food yeast Zygosaccharomyces rouxii is known for its ability to grow and survive in the face of stress caused by high concentrations of non-ionic (sugars and polyols) and ionic (mainly Na(+) cations) solutes. This ability determines the success of fermentation on high osmolarity food matrices and ...
Bhatnagar Nidhi N Department of Community Medicine, Post Graduate Institute of Medical Education and Research, Chandigarh, 160012, India, - - 2014
Food marketing directed to children is an issue of concern in the present day society. Revolution in food industry, increasing globalization and boom in information technology has introduced various types of food products and the way they are placed in front of likely consumers. This has resulted in rising trend ...
Guibas George V GV Allergy Research Laboratory, 2nd Pediatric Clinic, University of Athens, Athens, Greece; Allergy Unit, 2nd Department of Dermatology and Venereology, Medical School, 'Attikon' General University Hospital, Athens, - - 2014
Food protein-induced enterocolitis syndrome (FPIES) represents the severe end of the spectrum of gastrointestinal food hypersensitivity; its acute episodes can culminate in severe dehydration and hypovolemic shock, and its chronic form entails considerable morbidity associated with feeding difficulty and failure to thrive. Nevertheless, awareness for this syndrome remains rather low. ...
Black Christina - - 2014
The consumer nutrition environment has been conceptualised as in-store environmental factors that influence food shopping habits. More healthful in-store environments could be characterised as those which promote healthful food choices such as selling good quality healthy foods or placing them in prominent locations to prompt purchasing. Research measuring the full-range ...
McEvoy C T CT Centre for Public Health, Institute of Clinical Science B, Queen's University Belfast, Grosvenor Road, Belfast BT12 6BJ, UK, Public Health Sciences, University of Edinburgh Medical School, Teviot Place, Edinburgh EH8 9AG, UK and Public Health Agency for Northern Ireland, Linenhall Street, Belfast BT2 8BS, - - 2014
Using rewards may be an effective method to positively influence adolescent eating behaviour, but evidence regarding this approach is limited. The aim of this study was to explore young adolescent views about a proposed reward intervention associated with food choice in school canteens. Focus groups were held in 10 schools ...
Sturm Roland R Senior Economist, RAND Corporation, Santa Monica, - - 2014
This review summarizes current understanding of economic factors during the obesity epidemic and dispels some widely held, but incorrect, beliefs. Rising obesity rates coincided with increases in leisure time (rather than increased work hours), increased fruit and vegetable availability (rather than a decline in healthier foods), and increased exercise uptake. ...
Singh Pramil N PN From the Center for Health Research, School of Public Health (PNS, KNA, and WJ) and the Preventive Medicine Residency Program, Loma Linda University, Loma Linda, CA (MO); the Department of Community Medicine, Pondicherry Institute of Medical Sciences, Pondicherry, India (AP); and the Center for Nutrition, Healthy Lifestyles, and Disease Prevention, Loma Linda, CA (PNS, WJ, JSJ, SR, and - - 2014
An increase in noncommunicable disease (NCD) in India has been attributed to an epidemiologic transition whereby, due to urbanization, there is an increase in traditional cardiovascular disease risk factors such as obesity. Accumulated biomarker data on the "Asian Indian phenotype" identify central obesity, which occurs at a lower body mass ...
Morton Gregory J GJ Diabetes and Obesity Center of Excellence, Department of Medicine, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington 98109, - - 2014
Under normal conditions, food intake and energy expenditure are balanced by a homeostatic system that maintains stability of body fat content over time. However, this homeostatic system can be overridden by the activation of 'emergency response circuits' that mediate feeding responses to emergent or stressful stimuli. Inhibition of these circuits ...
Vaitkeviciute Rimante R 1School of Medicine & Griffith Health Institute,Population and Social Health Research Program,Building G05 Room 3·16,Gold Coast Campus,Griffith University,QLD - - 2014
The aim of the present systematic review was to investigate the evidence on the association between food literacy and adolescents' dietary intake. The review included searches of six databases with no restriction on the year of publication or language. The studies eligible for review were from five countries/regions: USA (n ...
Wertheim Margaret M University of Wisconsin-Madison, Urology, Madison, Wisconsin, United States ; - - 2014
Objective: To assess urologists' practice patterns and beliefs about dietary therapy for stone prevention. Dietary therapy is offered to stone formers (SFs) by a subset of urologists. While some may involve a registered dietitian (RD) to provide medical nutrition therapy (MNT), most do not as MNT is Medicare-covered only for ...
Tunney Tyler D TD Department of Integrative Biology, University of Guelph, Guelph, ON, Canada N1G 2W1; - - 2014
Food webs unfold across a mosaic of micro and macro habitats, with each habitat coupled by mobile consumers that behave in response to local environmental conditions. Despite this fundamental characteristic of nature, research on how climate change will affect whole ecosystems has overlooked (i) that climate warming will generally affect ...
Jennings Hannah Maria - - 2014
This paper explores the nature of food and plants and their meanings in a British Bengali urban context. It focuses on the nature of plants and food in terms of their role in home making, transnational connections, generational and concepts of health. An ethnographic approach to the research was taken, ...
Vella Meagan N - - 2014
The functional food industry has experienced innovative and economic expansion, yet research into consumer perceptions of functional foods and their associated health claims is limited. Among consumers, older adults could benefit from functional foods due to age-related issues pertaining to food and health. The purpose of this research was to ...
Salvilla S A SA Allergy & Respiratory Research Group, Centre for Population Health Sciences, The University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh, - - 2014
This is one of seven interlinked systematic reviews undertaken on behalf of the European Academy of Allergy and Clinical Immunology as part of their Guidelines for Food Allergy and Anaphylaxis, which focuses on instruments developed for IgE-mediated food allergy. Disease-specific questionnaires are significantly more sensitive than generic ones in measuring ...
de Ridder Denise D Utrecht University. Electronic address: - - 2014
Dieting is generally not effective in establishing weight loss and research has focused on documenting these negative consequences of dieting. Much less is known about why people diet. The present study employed a large and representative community sample to determine the demographic and psychological correlates of dieting and examine the ...
Seo Sunhee S Department of Nutritional Science and Food Management, Ewha Womans University, 52, Ewhayeodae-gil, Seodaemun-gu, Seoul 120-750, - - 2014
The purpose of this study is to identify how level of information affected intention, using the Theory of Planned Behavior. The study was conducted survey in diverse community centers and shopping malls in Seoul, which yielded N = 209 datasets. To compare processed foods consumption behavior, we divided samples into ...
Hulin M M a French Agency for Food, Environmental and Occupational Health & Safety (ANSES) , Maisons-Alfort Cedex , - - 2014
As part of the previous French Total Diet Studies (TDS) focusing on exposure to food chemicals in the population aged 3 years and older, the French Agency for Food, Environmental and Occupational Health & Safety (ANSES) launched a specific TDS on infants to complete its overall chemical food safety programme ...
Koeberl Martina - - 2014
Food allergies are increasing worldwide and becoming a public health concern. Food legislation requires detailed declarations of potential allergens in food products and therefore an increased capability to analyze for the presence of food allergens. Currently antibody based methods are mainly utilized to quantify allergens, however these methods have several ...
Oliveira Fabíola Cristina de FC a Departamento de Ciência e Tecnologia de Alimentos , Instituto Federal de Educação Ciência e Tecnologia do Sudeste de Minas Gerais - Campus Rio Pomba, AV. Dr. José Sebastião da Paixão S/Nº - Bairro Lindo Vale , 36180-000 Rio Pomba - MG , - - 2014
Abstract The products formed by glycosylation of food proteins with carbohydrates via the Maillard reaction, also known as conjugates, are agents capable of changing and improving techno-functional characteristics of proteins. The Maillard reaction uses the covalent bond between a group of a reducing carbohydrates and an amino group of a ...
Belahsen Rekia R Chouaib Doukkali University, Training and Research Unit on Nutrition & Food Sciences, Laboratory of Biotechnology, Biochemistry & Nutrition, El Jadida 24000, - - 2014
The aim of the present paper is to review nutrition transition (NT) ongoing in low and middle income countries and the associated dietary changes. NT is accompanied by demographic and epidemiological transition associated with economic development and urbanisation. In these countries, while the problems of hunger and undernourishment persist, there ...
Johnson Jennifer J Department of Women's and Children's Health, Uppsala University, - - 2014
Over the past few decades, the incidence of food allergies has risen and Sweden has increased its import of peanuts and exotic nuts, such as cashew nuts, which may cause severe allergic reactions. This study aimed to retrospectively investigate paediatric emergency visits due to food reactions over a ten-year period, ...
Met Amandine A Université de Rennes 1, Avenue du Général Leclerc, CS 74205, 35042, Rennes Cedex, - - 2014
Although gaze-following abilities have been demonstrated in a wide range of species, so far no clear evidence has been available for dogs. In the current study, we examined whether dogs follow human gaze behind an opaque barrier in two different contexts, in a foraging situation and in a non-foraging situation ...
Elbashir Abdalla A AA Faculty of Science, Chemistry Department, University of Khartoum, PO Box 321, Khartoum, 11115, - - 2014
Capacitively coupled contactless conductivity detection (C(4) D) has emerged as a powerful technique for the detection of compounds lacking any distinct chromophores or fluorophores. This review provides an update of the most recent application in CE-C(4) D for pharmaceutical, biomedical and food covering the period from January 2012 to January ...
Teslovich Theresa T Sackler Institute, Department of Psychiatry, Weill Cornell Medical College, New York, NY 10065, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
The ability to exert self-control in the face of appetitive, alluring cues is a critical component of healthy development. The development of behavioral measures that use disease-relevant stimuli can greatly improve our understanding of cue-specific impairments in self-control. To produce such a tool relevant to the study of eating and ...
McGraw W Scott WS Department of Anthropology, The Ohio State University, Columbus, OH, - - 2014
We present information on food hardness and monthly dietary changes in female sooty mangabeys (Cercocebus atys) in Tai Forest, Ivory Coast to reassess the hypothesis that thick molar enamel is parsimoniously interpreted as a response to consumption of hard foods during fallback periods. We demonstrate that the diet of sooty ...
Jordan Kieran K Teagasc Food Research Centre, Moorepark, Fermoy, Co, Cork, - - 2014
Foodborne illness continues as a considerable threat to public health. Despite improved hygiene management systems and increased regulation, pathogenic bacteria still contaminate food, causing sporadic cases of illness and disease outbreaks worldwide. For many centuries, microbial antagonism has been used in food processing to improve food safety. An understanding of ...
Schneider Jill E JE Department of Biological Sciences, Lehigh University, Bethlehem, PA 18015, United States. Electronic address: - - 2014
This article is part of a Special Issue "Energy Balance". Energy homeostasis is achieved through neuroendocrine and metabolic control of energy intake, storage, and expenditure. Traditionally, these controls have been studied in an unrealistic and narrow context. The appetite for food, for example, is most often assumed to be independent ...
Jacka Felice N - - 2014
Noncommunicable diseases (NCDs) account for the largest burden of early mortality and are predicted to cost the global community more than US $30trillion over the next 20 years. Unhealthy dietary habits, in large part driven by substantial changes to global food systems, are recognised as major contributors to many of ...
Farrow Claire C School of Psychology, Life and Health Sciences, Aston University, Aston Triangle, Birmingham B4 7ET, UK. Electronic address: - - 2014
Grandparents play a valuable role in the socialisation of young children, and as many as 36% of British parents use grandparents as their main form of childcare. Research has begun to explore how grandparents impact the social and cognitive development of children, but very little research has evaluated their contribution ...
Jespersen Lone L Director, Food Safety Strategy, Maple Leaf Foods, Inc., Mississauga, ON, - - 2014
Maple Leaf Foods learned a hard lesson following its tragic 2008 Listeria outbreak that ended up taking the lives of 23 Canadians. The organization has since 2008 transformed its commitment to food safety with a strong drive and manifest in embedding sustainable food safety behaviours into the existing company culture. ...
Eaton Lisa A LA Center for Health, Intervention and Prevention, University of Connecticut, Storrs, CT, USA, - - 2014
South African townships have among the highest rates of HIV infection in the world. Considerable research on understanding the high rates of HIV transmission in this country has identified alcohol use as a critical factor in driving the HIV epidemic. Although the relationship between alcohol use and sexual risk-taking is ...
Olango Temesgen Magule - - 2014
Ensete ventricosum (Welw.) Cheesman is a major food security crop in Southern Ethiopia, where it was originally domesticated and during millennia became pivotal crop around which an entire farming system has developed. Although its cultivation is highly localized, the enset-based farming system provides sustenance to more than 20 million people. ...
Batra Prerna P Department of Pediatrics, University College of Medical Sciences and Guru Tegh Bahadur Hospital, Dilshad Garden, Delhi, India. Correspondence to: Piyush Gupta, Professor in Pediatrics, Block R-6 A, Dilshad Garden, Delhi 110 095, India. - - 2014
Organic foods are promoted as superior and safer options for todays health-conscious consumer. Manufacturers of organic food claim it to be pesticide-free and better in terms of micronutrients. Consumers have to pay heavily for these products - and they are willing to - provided they are assured of the claimed ...
Zambrano Laura D LD Department of Environmental Health, Rollins School of Public Health, Emory University, 1518 Clifton Rd NE, CNR 2027, Atlanta, GA 30322, - - 2014
Domestic animal husbandry, a common practice globally, can lead to zoonotic transmission of enteric pathogens. However, this risk has received little attention to date. This systematic review and meta-analysis examines the evidence for an association between domestic exposure to food-producing animals and cases of human diarrhea and specific enteric infections.We ...
Casaer Michael P - - 2014
In the previous issue of Critical Care, Dr Bellomo and colleagues reported an observational study of the relationship between nutritional intake and survival in the RENAL randomized controlled trial. In summary, the total energy intake in a very large and severely ill patient population was low. Higher average daily caloric ...
Browne Amanda M AM Laboratory for Sensory Ecology, Department of Biological Sciences and J. P. Scott Center for Neuroscience Mind and Behavior, Bowling Green State University, Bowling Green, OH, 43403, USA, - - 2014
The widespread use of herbicides across the globe has increased the probability of synthetic chemicals entering freshwater habitats. On entering aquatic habitats, these chemicals target and disrupt both physiological and behavioral functioning in various aquatic organisms. Herbicides, such as 2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetic acid (2,4-D), can have negative impacts on chemoreception because these ...
Lüersen Kai K Christian-Albrechts-University of Kiel, - - 2014
Locomotion is crucial for the survival of living organisms, as it allows foraging, flight and mating behaviour. In response to environmental cues, many organisms switch between alternative forms of locomotion, referred to as gaits. The nematode Caenorhabditis elegans exhibits two gaits: swimming in liquids and crawling on dense gels. The ...
Gardner Christopher D CD Department of Medicine, Stanford University, Stanford, California, - - 2014
The importance of creating healthier work environments by providing healthy foods and beverages in worksite cafeterias, in on-site vending machines, and at meetings and conferences is drawing increasing attention. Large employers, federal and state governments, and hospital systems are significant purchasers and providers of food and beverages. The American Heart ...
Zou Zhuo Z iPack Vinn Excellence Center, School of Information and Communication Technology, Royal Institute of Technology (KTH), , Isafjordsgatan 39, 164 40 Kista, Stockholm, - - 2014
Future technologies and applications for the Internet of Things (IoT) will evolve the process of the food supply chain and create added value of business. Radio frequency identifications (RFIDs) and wireless sensor networks (WSNs) have been considered as the key technological enablers. Intelligent tags, powered by autonomous energy, are attached ...
Malisch Rainer R EU Reference Laboratory for Dioxins and PCBs in Feed and Food, State Institute for Chemical and Veterinary Analysis of Food (CVUA), Bissierstrasse 5, D-79114 Freiburg, Germany. Electronic address: - - 2014
During the 1990s, a number of adverse contamination incidents focussed the attention of the media and the general public on food safety. This led to the evaluation of safety measures with regard to dioxin intake from food. Important aspects regarding dioxins and PCBs in the food chain are reviewed here, ...
Muraro A A Department of Mother and Child Health, The Referral Centre for Food Allergy Diagnosis and Treatment Veneto Region, University of Padua, Padua, - - 2014
Instruments have been developed and validated for the measurement of health-related quality of life in patients with food allergy. This guideline has been prepared by the European Academy of Allergy and Clinical Immunology's (EAACI) Guidelines for Food Allergy and Anaphylaxis Group. It draws on a systematic review of the literature ...
Van Calcar Sandra C SC .Division of Genetics and Metabolism, Department of Pediatrics, School of Medicine and Public Health, Waisman Center, University of Wisconsin-Madison, Madison, Wisconsin, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
The galactose-restricted diet is life-saving for infants with classic galactosemia. However, the benefit and extent of dietary galactose restriction required after infancy remain unclear and variation exists in practice. There is a need for evidence-based recommendations to better standardize treatment for this disorder. This paper reviews the association between diet ...
Schnettler Morales Berta B Universidad de La - - 2014
Background: Eating is one of the most frequent human behaviors, but there are few studies that relate eating and subjective well-being. Typologies of people were distinguished and characterized according to their level of satisfaction with life and food in central Chile. Method: A survey was applied to a sample of ...
Heidenreich Barbara B Good Bird Inc, PO Box 150604, Austin, TX 78715, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
Food plays an important part in companion animal health, and also plays a significant role in influencing animal behavior. Avian and small mammal species show general trends in food preferences that can be used to reinforce desired behaviors. Motivation for food can be increased by various strategies. Nonfood reinforcers also ...
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