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Zaheer Khalid K a Guelph Food Research Centre, Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada , Guelph , Ontario , Canada , N1G - - 2014
ABSTRACT Potato is an economically important staple crop prevailing all across the world with successful large scale production, consumption and affordability with easy availability in the open market. Potatoes provide basic nutrients such as - carbohydrates, dietary fibre (skin), several vitamins and minerals (e.g. potassium, magnesium, iron). On occasion exposures ...
Johnson Donna B - - 2014
Policies that improve access to healthy, affordable foods may improve population health and reduce health disparities. In the United States most food access policy research focuses on urban communities even though residents of rural communities face disproportionately higher risk for nutrition-related chronic diseases compared to residents of urban communities. The ...
Abu-Reidah Ibrahim M IM Biodiversity & Environmental Research Center (BERC), Til, Nablus POB 696, Palestine; Department of Analytical Chemistry, Faculty of Sciences, University of Granada, Avda. Fuentenueva, 18071 Granada, Spain; Functional Food Research and Development Centre (CIDAF), PTS Granada, Avda. del Conocimiento, Edificio Bioregión, 18016 Granada, - - 2015
Rhus coriaria L. (sumac) is an important crop widely used in the Mediterranean basin as a food spice, and also in folk medicine, due to its health-promoting properties. Phytochemicals present in plant foods are in part responsible for these consequent health benefits. Nevertheless, detailed information on these bioactive compounds is ...
Cronise Raymond J RJ 1 Thermogenex , Huntsville, - - 2014
Abstract The concept of the "Calorie" originated in the 1800s in an environment with limited food availability, primarily as a means to define economic equivalencies in the energy density of food substrates. Soon thereafter, the energy densities of the major macronutrients-fat, protein, and carbohydrates-were defined. However, within a few decades ...
Urman Bulent B Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, American Hospital, Istanbul, - - 2014
Food and drug supplements (FDS) are extensively used by infertile couples either to supplement medical infertility treatment and assisted conception or as a means to independently improve conception rates. The majority of FDS are composed of antioxidants that are used for male and female infertility. Their use, despite being biologically ...
Siebeck Ulrike E UE School of Biomedical Sciences, The University of Queensland, Brisbane, - - 2014
The larval stages of most marine fishes spend days to weeks in the pelagic environment, where they must find food and avoid predators in order to survive. Some fish only spend part of their life history in the pelagic environment before returning to their adult habitat, for example, a coral ...
Tan Sze Yen SY From the Department of Nutrition Science, Purdue University, West Lafayette, - - 2014
Tree nuts and peanuts are good sources of many nutrients and antioxidants, but they are also energy dense. The latter often limits intake because of concerns about their possible contribution to positive energy balance. However, evidence to date suggests that nuts are not associated with predicted weight gain. This is ...
Glowacz Marcin M Natural Resources Institute, University of Greenwich, Chatham, ME4 4 TB, United - - 2014
Fresh produce has been recognised as a healthy food, thus there is increasing consumer demand for fresh fruit and vegetables. Their shelf-life, however, is relatively short and is limited by microbial contamination or visual, textural and nutritional quality loss. There are many methods to reduce/eliminate microorganisms present in food and ...
Flodrová Dana D Institute of Analytical Chemistry of the Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic, v. v. i., Veveří 97, Brno, 602 00, Czech - - 2014
Within last years, the occurrence of food allergens and corresponding food allergies has been increasing; therefore a research of individual allergens is required. In presented work, the effect of cereal processing on amount of allergenic proteins is studied by modern proteomic-based approach. The most important wheat and barley allergens are ...
Lozada Mariana M Laboratory Ecotono-INIBIOMA, Quintral 1250-(8400), Bariloche, Argentina. Electronic address: - - 2014
In this paper we review several studies on V. germanica behavioral plasticity while relocating a food source in natural environments. This exotic social wasp, which has become established in many parts of the world, displays diverse cognitive abilities when foraging. Given its successful invasiveness worldwide, our initial hypothesis was that ...
Muraro A A Department of Mother and Child Health, The Referral Centre for Food Allergy Diagnosis and Treatment Veneto Region, University of Padua, Padua, - - 2014
Food allergy can result in considerable morbidity, impact negatively on quality of life, and prove costly in terms of medical care. These guidelines have been prepared by the European Academy of Allergy and Clinical Immunology's (EAACI) Guidelines for Food Allergy and Anaphylaxis Group, building on previous EAACI position papers on ...
Skieresz-Szewczyk Kinga K Department of Histology and Animal Embryology, Poznan University of Life Sciences, Wojska Polskiego 71C, 60-625, Poznań, - - 2014
The tongue in domestic duck, as in other Anseriformes, is characterized by wide variety of shape and mechanical papillae and they fulfill different function during food collection. The present work aims to describe morphological features of the tongue as well as the pace formation of the mechanical papillae during embryonic ...
Winkler Jt J Former Professor of Nutrition Policy, London Metropolitan University, London, UK - - 2014
Deficiencies in DHA/EPA are widespread, but not widely recognised. The scale of the problem is difficult to assess, because targets for consumption vary and intakes are poorly measured, but most people in most countries eat too little. The principal policies to correct the shortfalls have been educational programmes urging people ...
Kooijmans Anneke A Department of Psychology, National Autonomous University of Mexico, Avenida Universidad 3004, Ciudad Universitaria, Coyoacán, CP 04510 Ciudad de México, Distrito Federal, México. Electronic address: - - 2014
Objective: To explore the common sense knowledge that consumers, vendors and producers hold of "natural foods". The focus was on common knowledge because this is infrequently explored in social psychology where most studies focus on the implementation of scientific knowledge. The focus was on natural foods because the naturalness of ...
Bojorquez Ietza I El Colegio de la Frontera Norte, México. Electronic address: - - 2014
The aim of this article was to explore the influence of migration on changes in dietary practices, relating these changes to the social contexts in which they occur. Numerous studies have described how migration from poor countries and regions to more developed ones leads migrants to adopt a modern diet ...
Kralj-Fišer Simona S Institute of Biology, Scientific Research Centre, Slovenian Academy of Sciences and Arts, Novi trg 2, P. O. Box 306, SI-1001, Ljubljana, Slovenia, - - 2014
Urbanization poses serious extinction risks, yet some species thrive in urban environments. This may be due to a pronounced developmental plasticity in these taxa, since phenotypically, plastic organisms may better adjust to unpredictable urban food resources. We studied phenotypic plasticity in Nuctenea umbratica, a common European forest and urban vegetation ...
Begin Philippe P Stanford University; Stanford, CA USA; Université de Montréal; Montreal, QC - - 2014
Oral immunotherapy (OIT) is an emerging new therapy for food allergy. With multiple small exploratory trials and some large randomized-controlled phase 2 trials recently published and under way, there is a clear progress and interest toward making this a treatment option for patients suffering from food allergies. However, there are ...
Fox Ashley M AM Department of Health Evidence and Policy, Mount Sinai School of Medicine, One Gustave L. Levy Place, New York, NY 10029, USA, Nutrition Section, Programme Division, United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF), Three United Nations Plaza, New York, NY 10017, USA, Department of Health Evidence and Policy, Mount Sinai School of Medicine, One Gustave L. Levy Place, New York, NY 10029, USA, Department of Global Health and Population, Harvard School of Public Health, 665 Huntington Avenue, Boston, MA 02115, USA - - 2014
Lack of political commitment has been identified as a primary reason for the low priority that food and nutrition interventions receive from national governments relative to the high disease burden caused by malnutrition. Researchers have identified a number of factors that contribute to food and nutrition's 'low-priority cycle' on national ...
Belk K E KE Center for Meat Safety and Quality, Department of Animal Sciences, Colorado State University, Fort Collins, CO 80523-1171, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
For generations, those that produce livestock and meat generally felt that their country or geographical region (i.e., provenance) reflected a basis for product differentiation. This occurs to the extent that geography of production often is considered a "brand." For example, there exists "U.S. Grain-Fed Beef" or "Kobe Black Wagyu" or ...
Park Haeryun H Department of Food and Nutrition, Myongji University, 116 Myongji-ro, Cheoin-gu, Yongin, Gyeonggi-do, 449-728, South - - 2014
Mongolian immigration into South Korea has increased rapidly over the last decade. It is important to better understand dietary patterns of immigrants because these patterns are associated with health risk. This study aimed to characterize dietary patterns of Mongolian immigrants in South Korea. Dietary intakes of 500 Mongolian adults living ...
Sabaté Joan J From the Departments of Nutrition (JS) and Environmental Health and Geoinformatic Sciences (SS), School of Public Health, Loma Linda University, Loma Linda, - - 2014
Plant-based diets in comparison to diets rich in animal products are more sustainable because they use many fewer natural resources and are less taxing on the environment. Given the global population explosion and increase in wealth, there is an increased demand for foods of animal origin. Environmental data are rapidly ...
Foster James J JJ School of Biological Sciences, University of Bristol, Woodland Road, Bristol, BS8 1UG, - - 2014
Foraging insect pollinators such as bees must find and identify flowers in a complex visual environment. Bees use skylight polarization patterns for navigation [1-3], a capacity mediated by the polarization-sensitive dorsal rim area (DRA) of their eye [4, 5]. While other insects use polarization sensitivity to identify appropriate habitats [6], ...
O'Brien Michelle C MC 1School of Public Health,Physiotherapy and Population Science,Woodview House,Belfield,University College Dublin,Dublin 4,Republic of - - 2014
The present study aimed to examine the role of health in consumers' food purchasing decisions through investigating the nature of people's discourse regarding health while conducting their food shopping. The study employed the think-aloud technique as part of an accompanied shop. All mentions of health and terms relating to health ...
Skouteris Helen - - 2014
This paper details the research protocol for a study funded by the Australian Research Council. An integrated approach towards helping young children respond to the significant pressures of '360 degree marketing' on their food choices, levels of active play, and sustainability consciousness via the early childhood curriculum is lacking. The ...
Pourshahidi L Kirsty LK Northern Ireland Centre for Food and Health,University of Ulster,Coleraine BT52 - - 2014
Childhood obesity is of concern worldwide. The portion size (PS) and energy density (ED) of food are two major determinants of children's energy intake (EI). Trends towards increasing PS are most apparent and best documented in the USA, where PS of numerous food products have increased in the marketplace over ...
Spence Charles C The Crossmodal Research Laboratory, Department of Experimental Psychology, South Parks Road, Oxford, OX1 3UD, UK. Electronic address: - - 2014
Working at the Crossmodal Research Laboratory in Oxford, Charles Spence tries to apply the latest insights from our growing neuroscience understanding of the rules governing multisensory integration to the design of better products, packages, places, interfaces, and foods, an area that can perhaps best be captured under the title of ...
Qekwana Nenene Daniel ND Section Veterinary Public Health, Department of Paraclinical Sciences, Faculty of Veterinary Science, University of Pretoria, Private Bag X04, Onderstepoort 0110, South Africa. - - 2014
The South African Department of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries estimated in 2012 that there were 2.033 million goats in the country. Of these animals, less than 0.5% are slaughtered at registered abattoirs. Although informal and traditional slaughter of goats for home consumption is permitted under the South African Meat Safety ...
Levi Benjamin B From the Division of Plastic Surgery and Burn Surgery, Burn/Wound and Regenerative Medicine Laboratory, University of Michigan; the University of Michigan; Department of Plastic Surgery, University of Pittsburgh; Division of Plastic Surgery, Department of Surgery, Mount Sinai Hospital; The Plastic Surgery Foundation of the American Society of Plastic Surgeons; Health Policy and Advocacy Division, American Society of Plastic Surgeons; and Department of Surgery, University of - - 2014
The U.S. Food and Drug Administration is the government agency responsible for oversight of the safety and efficacy of pharmaceuticals and devices, including biologics and devices that combine biologics with other materials. Within the U.S. Food and Drug Administration, the Center for Biologics Evaluation and Research is specifically responsible for ...
Kelso John M JM Division of Allergy, Asthma and Immunology, Scripps Clinic, San Diego, Calif. Electronic address: - - 2014
Excipients are substances in pharmaceuticals other than the active ingredients. Some excipients are foods or substances derived from foods, raising the possibility that these substances would pose a hazard to patients with food allergy. This review describes which food-derived substances are used as pharmaceutical excipients in which medications and reviews ...
Berin M Cecilia MC Pediatric Allergy and Immunology, Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai, New York, - - 2014
Food allergy is prevalent, affecting approximately 4-8% of children. There is no currently approved treatment for food allergy, and while strict allergen avoidance is recommended it is difficult to achieve and therefore accidental exposures and reactions are common. There is an urgent need for the development of therapeutic approaches that ...
Leyser Ottoline O Sainsbury Laboratory, University of Cambridge, Cambridge, United - - 2014
Once again, there are calls to reopen the debate on genetically modified (GM) crops. I find these calls frustrating and unnecessarily decisive. In my opinion the GM debate, on both sides, continues to hamper the urgent need to address the diverse and pressing challenges of global food security and environmental ...
Pajno Giovanni B GB Allergy Unit, Department of Pediatrics, University of Messina , Messina, Italy - - 2014
Today, there is neither an effective nor an active treatment for food allergy. Allergy immunotherapy has been proposed as an attractive strategy to actively treat food allergy. Oral immunotherapy (OIT), also known as oral desensitization, is a method of inducing the body's immune system to tolerate a food that causes ...
Monson Sara - - 2014
A 16-yr-old polar bear (Ursus maritimus) presented with severe diarrhea shortly following transfer to the North Carolina Zoological Park. Multiple diagnostic procedures were performed over several months and the cause of the chronic diarrhea was inconclusive. Histologically, colonic mucosal biopsies were consistent with severe chronic eosinophilic and lymphoplasmacytic colitis with ...
Phuong Huynh - - 2014
In Vietnam, malnutrition remains a public health problem, even though much progress has been made in the last decades. The number of cases of severe acute malnutrition (SAM) is more than 200,000 per year. To accelerate the treatment of SAM, community-based treatment with ready-to-use-therapeutic foods (RUTFs) is preferred. However, a ...
Henry C Jeya K - - 2014
The local manufacture of ready-to-use therapeutic foods (RUTFs) is increasing, and there is a need to develop methods to ensure their safe production. We propose the application of Hazard Analysis Critical Control Point (HACCP) principles to achieve this goal. The basic principles of HACCP in the production of RUTFs are ...
Maghsoud Hanna H South Carolina Governor's School for Science and Mathematics, Hartsville, South Carolina 29550, - - 2014
Analysis of the meiofaunal food web is hampered because few prey have features that persist long enough in a predator's digestive tract to allow identification to species. Hence, at least for platyhelminth predators, direct observations of prey preference are almost nonexistent, and where they occur, prey identification is often limited ...
Varadharajan Kiruba Sankar - - 2014
The National Food Security Act (NFSA) 2013, passed recently by the Indian Parliament, aims to ensure food security in India, chiefly by providing cereals at subsidized prices through the Targeted Public Distribution System (TPDS) for about two-thirds of households. The predominant line of criticism of the NFSA has been the ...
Robison Rachel Glick RG Division of Allergy & Immunology, Ann & Robert H. Lurie Children's Hospital of Chicago; Department of Pediatrics, Feinberg School of Medicine, Northwestern University, Chicago, Illinois, - - 2014
IgE-mediated food allergy is an important health concern with increasing prevalence worldwide. Manifestations of IgE-mediated food allergy include urticaria, angioedema, pruritus, difficulty in breathing, laryngeal oedema, vomiting, diarrhoea and/or hypotension within minutes to two hours of the offending food's ingestion. Diagnosis requires both a careful history and supportive testing with ...
Shaker Marcus M Department of Pediatrics, Section of Allergy, Asthma, and Immunology, Children's Hospital at Dartmouth, Lebanon New Hampshire, - - 2014
The allergic march of childhood describes an association between atopic dermatitis, IgE-mediated food allergy, allergic asthma, and allergic rhinitis that begins with an atopic family history. This review summarizes recent insights into the nature of these conditions and their associations. In recent years, common allergic diseases have become more prevalent ...
Ramaroson Rakotosamimanana Vonimihaingo V Centre des Sciences du Goût et de l'Alimentation, UMR 6265 CNRS, UMR1324 INRA, Université de Bourgogne, Agrosup Dijon, Dijon 21000, France.; Laboratoire d'Analyse Sensorielle d'Ambatobe, DRT - FOFIFA, Antananarivo 101, Madagascar. Electronic address: - - 2014
Madagascar is severely affected by the problem of children malnutrition. The present study aimed at exploring school children Malagasy parents' food practices and beliefs structure about the nutritional value of foods, to better understand the causes of this malnutrition. A combination of Focus Groups (72 participants), and questionnaires (1000 interviewees) ...
Muraro A A The Referral Centre for Food Allergy Diagnosis and Treatment Veneto Region. Department of Mother and Child Health, Padua General University Hospital, Padua, - - 2014
Individuals suffering from IgE-mediated food allergy usually have to practice life-long food allergen avoidance. This document aims to provide an overview of recent evidence-based recommendations for allergen risk assessment and management in the food industry and discusses unmet needs and expectations of the food allergic consumer in that context. There ...
Abedi Karjiban Roghayeh R Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Science, Universiti Putra Malaysia, 43400, UPM Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia, - - 2014
Lipases are known for their versatility in addition to their ability to digest fat. They can be used for the formulation of detergents, as food ingredients and as biocatalysts in many industrial processes. Because conventional enzymes are frangible at high temperatures, the replacement of conventional chemical routes with biochemical processes ...
Lobstein Tim T World Obesity Federation (formerly the International Association for the Study of Obesity), London, - - 2014
This paper is written as a briefing document with the aim of providing support to policy-makers and government officials tackling obesity and related non-communicable diseases. It is based on a symposium Obesity and non-communicable diseases: Learning from international experiences(1) convened by the International Association for the Study of Obesity (now ...
Engler-Stringer Rachel - - 2014
While there is a growing body of research on food environments for children, there has not been a published comprehensive review to date evaluating food environments outside the home and school and their relationship with diet in children. The purpose of this paper is to review evidence on the influence ...
Martinson Holly M HM Department of Entomology, University of Maryland, College Park, MD, 20742, - - 2014
Habitat fragmentation is a complex process that affects ecological systems in diverse ways, altering everything from population persistence to ecosystem function. Despite widespread recognition that habitat fragmentation can influence food web interactions, consensus on the factors underlying variation in the impacts of fragmentation across systems remains elusive. In this study, ...
Mu Wanmeng W State Key Laboratory of Food Science and Technology, Ministry of Education Key Laboratory of Carbohydrate Chemistry and Biotechnology, Jiangnan University, Wuxi, 214122, Jiangsu, China, - - 2014
Isomaltulose is a natural isomer of sucrose. It is widely used as a functional sweetener with promising properties, including slower digestion, lower glycemic index, prolonged energy release, lower insulin reaction, and less cariogenicity. It has been approved as a safe sucrose substitute by the Food and Drug Administration of the ...
Aiking Harry H From the Institute for Environmental Studies (IVM), VU University, De Boelelaan, Amsterdam, - - 2014
Food sustainability and food security are increasingly in the spotlight and increasingly intertwined. According to some projections we will need to nearly double food production in the next 4 decades. This article argues that protein production and consumption are pivotal to sustainability, because anthropogenic contributions to the nitrogen cycle are ...
Jacobs David R DR Jr From the Division of Epidemiology and Community Health, School of Public Health, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN (DRJ), and the Department of Preventive Medicine, School of Medicine, Loma Linda University, Loma Linda, CA - - 2014
Nutritionism reduces dietary advice to statements about a few nutrients, with sometimes unintended implications for science, industry, and the public. Although reductionist questions about nutrition are legitimate scientifically, a nutrient focus in the public arena forces the food industry to compete with the use of nutrient statements. Consumers must interpret ...
Zoon Harriët F A HF Division of Human Nutrition, Wageningen University, PO Box 8129, 6700 EV Wageningen, The Netherlands. Electronic address: - - 2014
In our food abundant environment food cues play an important role in the regulation of energy intake. Odours can be considered as external cues that signal energy content in the anticipatory phase of eating. This study aims to determine whether exposure to olfactory cues associated with energy dense foods leads ...
Lamppa John W JW Quantum Designs, 161 First Street, Cambridge, MA - - 2014
In the facilitation of widespread access to low-cost, good tasting food, the global food system has relied on the use of fat, sugar, chemical processing aids and plastics, among other elements potentially detrimental to human health and the environment. This contrasts starkly with the strategies of natural nutrition delivery systems. ...
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