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Nielsen Forrest H FH U.S. Department of Agriculture, Agricultural Research Service,(1) Grand Forks Human Nutrition Research Center, Grand Forks, ND, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
Today, most nutritionists do not consider a trace element essential unless it has a defined biochemical function in higher animals or humans. As a result, even though it has been found that trace elements such as boron and silicon have beneficial bioactivity in higher animals and humans, they generally receive ...
Skypala Isabel I aRoyal Brompton and Harefield NHS Foundation Trust, London, UK bEmma Children's Hospital, Pediatric Respiratory Medicine and Allergy, Academic Medical Centre, University of Amsterdam, Amsterdam, The - - 2014
The role of nutrients in the study of allergic disease has been studied for many years, but recent evidence suggests that it is the quality and variety of the whole diet which affects the development of food allergy. This review seeks to understand whether food allergy prevalence is increasing and ...
Scopece G G Department of Biology, University Federico II, Complesso Universitario MSA, Naples, Italy; Institute for Plant Protection, Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche, Sesto Fiorentino (FI), - - 2014
Pollination systems differ in pollen transfer efficiency, a variable that may influence the evolution of flower number. Here we apply a comparative approach to examine the link between pollen transfer efficiency and the evolution of inflorescence size in food and sexually deceptive orchids. We examined pollination performance in nine food-deceptive, ...
Ganann Rebecca - - 2014
Low fruit and vegetable (FV) consumption is one of the top 10 global risk factors for mortality, and is related to increased risk for cancer, cardiovascular disease and diabetes. Many environmental, sociodemographic and personal factors affect FV consumption. The purpose of this review is to examine the effects of interventions ...
Christopher Deborah D International Institute of Nutritional Sciences and Applied Food Safety Studies, School of Sport, Tourism and the Outdoors, University of Central Lancashire, Preston, UK; Allied Technical Centre, Maidenhead, UK - - 2014
Excessive or high salt or sodium intake is known to cause hypertension and other diseases. Within the United Kingdom voluntary targets for salt reduction have been set and laid out in the Secretary of State responsibility deal. This review considers the options available to food manufacturers to enable them to ...
Ramsingh Brigit B Food Safety Management, International Institute of Nutritional Sciences and Applied Food Safety Studies, University of Central Lancashire, Preston, UK - - 2014
Following the Second World War, the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) and the World Health Organization (WHO) teamed up to construct an International Codex Alimentarius (or 'food code') which emerged in 1963. The Codex Committee on Food Hygiene (CCFH) was charged with the task of developing microbial hygiene standards, although ...
Prusak Anna A Department of Clinical Nursing, Institute of Nursing and Obstetrics, Jagiellonian University Medical College, - - 2014
 Background. Peanuts are one of the main food allergens, occasionally responsible for life-threatening reactions. Thus, many studies have tried to fi nd a connection between peanut allergy prevalence and processes in the peanut chain that may contribute to the peanut allergenicity. To inform this discussion, this paper outlines experiences in ...
Chandler Marjorie L ML Private Consultant, 11 Mavisbank Place, Lasswade, Midlothian EH18 1DQ, Scotland; The Royal (Dick) School of Veterinary Studies, University of Edinburgh, Roslin, Scotland. Electronic address: - - 2014
Although veterinary practitioners know that nutrition can make a difference in the health and recovery from disease or illness in dogs and cats, they may feel poorly equipped to provide unbiased information on nutrition. This article provides information about evaluating and recommending diets and interpreting a pet food label to ...
Berthelsen Rita M - - 2014
Management in food and nutrition systems is presented with an ever-challenging tension between effective utilization of manpower resources, mechanical equipment, financial management, material production, and time constraints to produce optimal products. Management drives opportunities for personal development for multiple levels of its employee workforce. Given an increasing need to deliver ...
McKendree M G S MG Dep. of Agricultural Economics, Purdue University, 403 West State Street West, Lafayette, IN 47907 - - 2014
As consumers have become more interested in understanding how their food is produced, scrutiny and criticism have increased regarding intensified food animal production methods. Resolution of public concerns about animal agricultural practices depends on understanding the myriad factors that provide the basis for concerns. An online survey of 798 U.S. ...
Kirk Judy J Outpatient Dialysis, Rochester General Hospital, Rochester, NY. Electronic address: - - 2014
Globally, herbal medicines represent a $60 billion industry, and they account for approximately 20% of the overall drug market. Herbs (or herbals) that improve the taste of foods as flavor enhancement spices can generally be used safely by the CKD patient population. However, many herbals are sold as dietary supplements ...
Capelli D D Service of Food Hygiene and Nutrition, NA 2 North LHU, - - 2014
The Rapid Alert System was established by the European Union (EC Regulation 178/2002 Art.50, paragraph 1) for food intended for human consumption and for animal feed, with the aim of ensuring the protection of public, animal and environmental health. The purpose of the Rapid Alert System for Food and Feed ...
Ragdale Stephanie S Admiral Nurse, Central Manchester, Manchester Mental Health and Social Care - - 2014
This article provides an overview of dementia and how it relates to nutrition. It examines the evidence for food and nutrition preventing, causing and treating dementia. The article highlights how malnutrition can affect the individual with dementia. The remainder of the article provides an in-depth, focused discussion on the difficulties ...
Riis J J Department of Marketing, The Wharton School, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA, - - 2014
This paper uses the frameworks and evidence from marketing and behavioral economics to highlight the opportunities and barriers for portion control in food service environments. Applying Kahneman's 'thinking fast and slow' concepts, it describes 10 strategies that can be effective in 'tricking' the consumer's fast cognitive system to make better ...
Brunstrom J M JM Nutrition and Behaviour Laboratory, School of Experimental Psychology, University of Bristol, Bristol, - - 2014
It is widely accepted that meal size is governed by psychological and physiological processes that generate fullness towards the end of a meal. However, observations of natural eating behaviour suggest that this preoccupation with within-meal events may be misplaced and that the role of immediate post-ingestive feedback (for example, gastric ...
Rolls B J BJ Department of Nutritional Sciences, The Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA, - - 2014
Systematic studies have shown that providing individuals with larger portions of foods and beverages leads to substantial increases in energy intake. The effect is sustained over weeks, supporting the possibility that large portions have a role in the development of obesity. The challenge is to find strategies to effectively manage ...
Ducrotoy Marie J MJ Division of Pathway Medicine and Centre for Infectious Diseases, School of Biomedical Sciences, College of Medicine and Veterinary Medicine, The University of Edinburgh, Chancellor's Building, Edinburgh, United - - 2014
Nigeria is the most populous country in Africa, has a large proportion of the world's poor livestock keepers, and is a hotspot for neglected zoonoses. A review of the 127 accessible publications on brucellosis in Nigeria reveals only scant and fragmented evidence on its spatial and temporal distribution in different ...
Thippaiah Anitha A Department of Maternal Child Health and Nutrition, Indian Institute of Public Health, Hyderabad, Andhra Pradesh, - - 2014
The Food Safety and Standards Act have redefined the roles and responsibilities of food regulatory workforce and calls for highly skilled human resources as it involves complex management procedures. 1) Identify the competencies needed among the food regulatory workforce in India. 2) Develop a competency-based training curriculum for food safety ...
Scully Paul P The Children's Ark, University Hospital Limerick, Limerick, - - 2014
Increased time in which children spend watching television is a well-described contributor to paediatric obesity. This study investigated the frequency and type of food and beverage placement in children-specific television broadcasts and compared data from UK (UK) and Irish television stations. Content analysis, totalling 82.5 h, reflecting 5 weekdays of children-specific television ...
Barbosa-Cánovas Gustavo V GV Center for Nonthermal Processing of Food, Washington State University, Pullman, WA 99163, United States. Electronic address: - - 2014
Conventional thermal processes have been very reliable in offering safe sterilized meat products, but some of those products are of questionable overall quality. Flavor, aroma, and texture, among other attributes, are significantly affected during such processes. To improve those quality attributes, alternative approaches to sterilizing meat and meat products have ...
Stavert J R JR School of Biological Sciences, University of Auckland, Private Bag 92019, Auckland, 1142, New Zealand, - - 2014
Globally, dung beetles (Scarabaeidae: Scarabaeinae) are linked to many critical ecosystem processes involving the consumption and breakdown of mammal dung. Endemic New Zealand dung beetles (Canthonini) are an anomaly, occurring at high abundance and low diversity on an island archipelago historically lacking terrestrial mammals, except bats, and instead dominated by ...
Alcaraz-Iborra Manuel M Departamento de Neurociencia y Ciencias de la Salud, Universidad de Almería, Almería, 04120, - - 2014
The orexin (OX) system has been implicated in food reinforced behaviour, food-seeking and food overconsumption. Recent evidence suggests that OX signaling might influence consumption of palatable foods with high reinforcing value depending upon the caloric status of the animal. The present study evaluates from a pharmacological and a molecular approach ...
Tosca Maria Angela MA Pulmonary Disease and Allergy Unit, Istituto Giannina Gaslini, Genoa, - - 2014
Hen's egg allergy (HEA) accounts for most of the diagnosed allergy to foods, mainly in the first years of life, as its prevalence ranges between 1.6-8% (1). Thus, HEA represents a relevant issue for the pediatrician. Moreover, HEA can cause severe anaphylaxis (2). HEA management is based essentially on strict ...
Realini Carolina E CE IRTA, Monells, Finca Camps i Armet E-17121, Food Technology Department, Monells, Girona, - - 2014
Active and intelligent packaging systems are continuously evolving in response to growing challenges from a modern society. This article reviews: (1) the different categories of active and intelligent packaging concepts and currently available commercial applications, (2) latest packaging research trends and innovations, and (3) the growth perspectives of the active ...
Fu Xiaping X a College of Biosystems Engineering and Food Science , Zhejiang University , P. R. - - 2014
In recent years, due to the increasing consciousness of food safety and human health, much progress has been made in developing rapid and nondestructive techniques for the evaluation of food hazards, food authentication and traceability. Near infrared (NIR) spectroscopy and imaging techniques have gained wide acceptance in many fields because ...
McAllan B M BM *Department of Physiology, School of Medical Sciences and Bosch Institute, The University of Sydney, Sydney, New South Wales 2006, Australia; Centre for Behavioural and Physiological Ecology, Department of Zoology, University of New England, Armidale, New South Wales 2351, Australia*Department of Physiology, School of Medical Sciences and Bosch Institute, The University of Sydney, Sydney, New South Wales 2006, Australia; Centre for Behavioural and Physiological Ecology, Department of Zoology, University of New England, Armidale, New South Wales 2351, - - 2014
Torpor and reproduction in mammals and birds are widely viewed as mutually exclusive processes because of opposing energetic and hormonal demands. However, the reported number of heterothermic species that express torpor during reproduction is ever increasing, to some extent because of recent work on free-ranging animals. We summarize current knowledge ...
Gorissen Marnix M Department of Animal Physiology , Institute for Water and Wetland Research, Radboud University Nijmegen, Heyendaalseweg 135, 6525AJ, Nijmegen, The Netherlands. Electronic address: - - 2014
Teleostean leptin was first cloned in 2005, more than a decade after the discovery of mammalian leptin. The reason for this delay lies in the very poor primary sequence conservation (∼13-25%) between mammalian and fish leptins. These low sequence conservations indicate a high degree of molecular evolvability and warrant a ...
Choi Hojoon H Jack J. Valenti School of Communication, University of Houston, 101 Communications Building, Houston, TX 77204-3302, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
Considerable knowledge on food advertising has been generated by research on consumers' psychological reactions to food advertising messaging using either students or nonstudents as subjects. Building on past research, this article investigates the methodological question of whether students are appropriate surrogates for nonstudents in food advertising studies. Following exposure to ...
Barański Marcin M School of Agriculture, Food and Rural Development, Newcastle University,Nafferton Farm, Stocksfield,Northumberland,NE43 - - 2014
Demand for organic foods is partially driven by consumers' perceptions that they are more nutritious. However, scientific opinion is divided on whether there are significant nutritional differences between organic and non-organic foods, and two recent reviews have concluded that there are no differences. In the present study, we carried out ...
Syed Jabir Hussain JH State Key Laboratory of Organic Geochemistry, Guangzhou Institute of Geochemistry, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Guangzhou, 510640, - - 2014
The main objective of the review is to document, assess and analyze the results of the previously reported data on levels of different pesticides in selected fruits and vegetables from Pakistan. The findings of the previous studies clearly indicated that more than 50 % of the samples were contaminated with organophosphate, ...
Marques Emanuele S ES 1Institute of Social Medicine,Rio de Janeiro State University (UERJ),Rua Francisco Xavier 524,7º andar - bloco D,CEP: 20550-900,Maracanã,Rio de - - 2014
To conduct a systematic review aimed at identifying and characterizing the experience-based household food security scales and to synthesize their psychometric properties. Search in the MEDLINE, LILACS and SciELO databases, using the descriptors ('food insecurity' OR 'food security') AND ('questionnaires' OR 'scales' OR 'validity' OR 'reliability'). There was no limitation ...
Friedl Karl E KE Division of Nutrition Research Coordination, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD. Electronic address: - - 2014
This report summarizes an EU-US Task Force on Biotechnology Research symposium on healthy food choices and nutrition-related purchasing behaviors. This meeting was unique in its transdisciplinary approach to obesity and in bringing together scientists from academia, government, and industry. Discussion relevant to funders and researchers centered on (1) increased use ...
Medeiros Maria Franco - - 2014
This article reports historical ethnobotany research conducted from a study of the work Historia Naturalis Brasiliae (Natural History of Brazil), authored by Piso and Marcgrave and published in 1648, with main focus on Caatinga of northeast region of Brazil. Focusing the content analysis on the section dedicated to plant species ...
Engel Jörgen A JA Department of Pharmacology, Institute of Neuroscience and Physiology, The Sahlgrenska Academy at the University of Gothenburg, POB 431, 405 30, Gothenburg, - - 2014
Food intake and appetite are regulated by various circulating hormones including ghrelin and glucagon-like-peptide 1 (GLP-1). Ghrelin, mainly released from the stomach, increases food intake, induces appetite, enhances adiposity as well as releases growth hormone. Hypothalamic "ghrelin receptors" (GHS-R1A) have a critical role in food intake regulation, but GHS-R1A are ...
Buono Silvia S CRIAcq, University of Naples Federico II, Parco Gussone Ed 77, 80055 Portici, Italy. - - 2014
A wide variety of natural sources are under investigation to evaluate their possible use for new functional ingredient formulation. Some records attested the traditional and ancient use of wild harvested microalgae as human food but their cultivation for different purposes started about 40 years ago. The most popular species are ...
Barrios Arantza A Cell and Developmental Biology Department University College London University St, London WC1E 6DE. Electronic address: - - 2014
The ability to generate behavioral plasticity according to ever-changing physiological demands and environmental conditions is a universal feature of decision-making circuits in all animals. Decision-making requires complex integration of internal states with sensory context. As a mate searching strategy, the C. elegans male modifies his exploratory behavior in relation to a source of food according to recent sensory ...
Feagan Brian G BG Robarts Clinical Trials Inc., Western University, 100 Perth Drive, London, ON, N6A 5K8, Canada. Electronic address: - - 2014
A biosimilar is intended to be highly similar to a reference biologic such that any differences in quality attributes (i.e., molecular characteristics) do not affect safety or efficacy. Achieving this benchmark for biologics, especially large glycoproteins such as monoclonal antibodies, is challenging given their complex structure and manufacturing. Regulatory guidance ...
Miller Luke P LP Department of Marine and Environmental Sciences and the Marine Science Center, Northeastern University, 430 Nahant Road, Nahant, MA, 01908, - - 2014
Predators are a major source of stress in natural systems because their prey must balance the benefits of feeding with the risk of being eaten. Although this 'fear' of being eaten often drives the organization and dynamics of many natural systems, we know little about how such risk effects will ...
Morais Sergi S Universidad Politécnica de Valencia, Camino de Vera, s/n, 46022 Valencia, - - 2014
This editorial comments on the balance and perspectives of compact disk technology applied to molecular diagnostics. The development of sensitive, rapid and multiplex assays using Blu-ray technology for the determination of biomarkers, drug allergens, pathogens and detection of infections would have a direct impact on diagnostics. Effective tests for use ...
Steele Robert R a Discipline of Health Informatics The University of Sydney , Sydney , NSW , 2000 , Australia +61 2 9036 7368 , - - 2014
ABSTRACT Significant benefits arise from being able to capture dietary or nutritional intake information automatically or semi-automatically. These include the ability for individuals to know and understand their nutritional intake and hence improve their diet and health. To date, only highly manual processes such as 24 hour recall, food diaries and ...
Aberman Noora-Lisa NL Development Strategy and Governance Division, International Food Policy Research Institute, Lilongwe, - - 2014
The number of people receiving antiretroviral therapy in developing countries has increased dramatically. The last decade has brought an increased understanding of the interconnectedness between HIV/AIDS, food insecurity, and undernutrition and a surge of evidence on how to address the food security and nutrition dimensions of the epidemic. We review ...
Tucker Corrina A CA Massey University, Palmerston North, New Zealand. Electronic address: - - 2014
Reducing meat (over-)consumption as a way to help address environmental deterioration will require a range of strategies, and any such strategies will benefit from understanding how individuals might respond to various meat consumption practices. To investigate how New Zealanders perceive such a range of practices, in this instance in vitro ...
Dunkel Andreas A Chair of Food Chemistry and Molecular Sensory Science, Technische Universität München, Lise-Meitnerstrasse 34, 85354 Freising-Weihenstephan - - 2014
The biocatalytic production of flavor naturals that determine chemosensory percepts of foods and beverages is an ever challenging target for academic and industrial research. Advances in chemical trace analysis and post-genomic progress at the chemistry-biology interface revealed odor qualities of nature's chemosensory entities to be defined by odorant-induced olfactory receptor ...
Peniamina Rana Lori RL University of Otago, Dunedin, New - - 2014
Food allergies are a growing issue, yet society's understanding of how individuals' lives are affected is limited. We conducted four focus groups with food-allergic adults in New Zealand to gain an in-depth understanding of the issues that impacted their quality of life. Key themes identified included allergen-free eating issues, health ...
Yates-Doerr Emily E Amsterdam Institute for Social Science Research, University of Amsterdam, Kloveniersburgwal 48, 1012 CX Amsterdam, The Netherlands. Electronic address: - - 2014
Scientists in the Netherlands are cultivating edible insects to address concerns of international food security. Committed to the One World, One Health (OWOH) movement, their research aims to create a safe and effective global solution to the conjoined problems of climate change and an increasing worldwide demand for protein. Their ...
Jager Gerry G Division of Human Nutrition, Wageningen University,Wageningen,The - - 2014
Mounting evidence substantiates the central role of the endocannabinoid system (ECS) in the modulation of both homeostatic and hedonic elements of appetite and food intake. Conversely, feeding status and dietary patterns directly influence activity of the ECS. Following a general introduction on the functioning of the ECS, the present review ...
Vecchio Maria Gabriella MG ZETA Research Ltd, Trieste, - - 2014
Nowadays India is undergoing an impressive economic growth accompanied by a very slow decline, almost stagnation, in malnutrition levels. In developing countries, studies on dietary patterns and their relationship with nutritional status are scarce. Over the years some nutritional studies have been performed to explore different types of food consumed ...
Mirmiran Parvin P Parvin Mirmiran, Department of Clinical Nutrition and Dietetics, Faculty of Nutrition Sciences and Food Technology, National Nutrition and Food Technology Research Institute, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran 19395-4763, - - 2014
Type 2 diabetes is a complicated metabolic disorder with both short- and long-term undesirable complications. In recent years, there has been growing evidence that functional foods and their bioactive compounds, due to their biological properties, may be used as complementary treatment for type 2 diabetes mellitus. In this review, we ...
Hussain Abid - - 2014
Damage of arthropod pests is one of the most serious threat to the world economy. A variety of methods have been used for their control. The need for the use of biological control agents rise due to the pesticide resistance, food safety concerns and environmental awareness. The use of entomopathogenic ...
van der Zanden Lotte D T LD Marketing and Consumer Behaviour Group, Department of Social Sciences, Wageningen University,Hollandseweg 1,6706KNWageningen,The - - 2014
It is beneficial for both the public health community and the food industry to meet nutritional needs of elderly consumers through product formats that they want. The heterogeneity of the elderly market poses a challenge, however, and calls for market segmentation. Although many researchers have proposed ways to segment the ...
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