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Spence Charles C The Crossmodal Research Laboratory, Department of Experimental Psychology, South Parks Road, Oxford, OX1 3UD, UK. Electronic address: - - 2014
Working at the Crossmodal Research Laboratory in Oxford, Charles Spence tries to apply the latest insights from our growing neuroscience understanding of the rules governing multisensory integration to the design of better products, packages, places, interfaces, and foods, an area that can perhaps best be captured under the title of ...
Qekwana Nenene Daniel ND Section Veterinary Public Health, Department of Paraclinical Sciences, Faculty of Veterinary Science, University of Pretoria, Private Bag X04, Onderstepoort 0110, South Africa. - - 2014
The South African Department of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries estimated in 2012 that there were 2.033 million goats in the country. Of these animals, less than 0.5% are slaughtered at registered abattoirs. Although informal and traditional slaughter of goats for home consumption is permitted under the South African Meat Safety ...
Levi Benjamin B From the Division of Plastic Surgery and Burn Surgery, Burn/Wound and Regenerative Medicine Laboratory, University of Michigan; the University of Michigan; Department of Plastic Surgery, University of Pittsburgh; Division of Plastic Surgery, Department of Surgery, Mount Sinai Hospital; The Plastic Surgery Foundation of the American Society of Plastic Surgeons; Health Policy and Advocacy Division, American Society of Plastic Surgeons; and Department of Surgery, University of - - 2014
The U.S. Food and Drug Administration is the government agency responsible for oversight of the safety and efficacy of pharmaceuticals and devices, including biologics and devices that combine biologics with other materials. Within the U.S. Food and Drug Administration, the Center for Biologics Evaluation and Research is specifically responsible for ...
Kelso John M JM Division of Allergy, Asthma and Immunology, Scripps Clinic, San Diego, Calif. Electronic address: - - 2014
Excipients are substances in pharmaceuticals other than the active ingredients. Some excipients are foods or substances derived from foods, raising the possibility that these substances would pose a hazard to patients with food allergy. This review describes which food-derived substances are used as pharmaceutical excipients in which medications and reviews ...
Berin M Cecilia MC Pediatric Allergy and Immunology, Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai, New York, - - 2014
Food allergy is prevalent, affecting approximately 4-8% of children. There is no currently approved treatment for food allergy, and while strict allergen avoidance is recommended it is difficult to achieve and therefore accidental exposures and reactions are common. There is an urgent need for the development of therapeutic approaches that ...
Leyser Ottoline O Sainsbury Laboratory, University of Cambridge, Cambridge, United - - 2014
Once again, there are calls to reopen the debate on genetically modified (GM) crops. I find these calls frustrating and unnecessarily decisive. In my opinion the GM debate, on both sides, continues to hamper the urgent need to address the diverse and pressing challenges of global food security and environmental ...
Pajno Giovanni B GB Allergy Unit, Department of Pediatrics, University of Messina , Messina, Italy - - 2014
Today, there is neither an effective nor an active treatment for food allergy. Allergy immunotherapy has been proposed as an attractive strategy to actively treat food allergy. Oral immunotherapy (OIT), also known as oral desensitization, is a method of inducing the body's immune system to tolerate a food that causes ...
Monson Sara - - 2014
A 16-yr-old polar bear (Ursus maritimus) presented with severe diarrhea shortly following transfer to the North Carolina Zoological Park. Multiple diagnostic procedures were performed over several months and the cause of the chronic diarrhea was inconclusive. Histologically, colonic mucosal biopsies were consistent with severe chronic eosinophilic and lymphoplasmacytic colitis with ...
Hughes L L King's College London, - - 2014
The role of diet as a therapy for Inflammatory Bowel Disease (IBD) is well established and has improved treatment and prognosis for patients. However, little is understood about how IBD impacts on food-related quality of life. A qualitative study indicated a wide range of food related issues across a broad ...
Shaker Marcus M Department of Pediatrics, Section of Allergy, Asthma, and Immunology, Children's Hospital at Dartmouth, Lebanon New Hampshire, - - 2014
The allergic march of childhood describes an association between atopic dermatitis, IgE-mediated food allergy, allergic asthma, and allergic rhinitis that begins with an atopic family history. This review summarizes recent insights into the nature of these conditions and their associations. In recent years, common allergic diseases have become more prevalent ...
Ramaroson Rakotosamimanana Vonimihaingo V Centre des Sciences du Goût et de l'Alimentation, UMR 6265 CNRS, UMR1324 INRA, Université de Bourgogne, Agrosup Dijon, Dijon 21000, France.; Laboratoire d'Analyse Sensorielle d'Ambatobe, DRT - FOFIFA, Antananarivo 101, Madagascar. Electronic address: - - 2014
Madagascar is severely affected by the problem of children malnutrition. The present study aimed at exploring school children Malagasy parents' food practices and beliefs structure about the nutritional value of foods, to better understand the causes of this malnutrition. A combination of Focus Groups (72 participants), and questionnaires (1000 interviewees) ...
Muraro A A The Referral Centre for Food Allergy Diagnosis and Treatment Veneto Region. Department of Mother and Child Health, Padua General University Hospital, Padua, - - 2014
Individuals suffering from IgE-mediated food allergy usually have to practice life-long food allergen avoidance. This document aims to provide an overview of recent evidence-based recommendations for allergen risk assessment and management in the food industry and discusses unmet needs and expectations of the food allergic consumer in that context. There ...
Abedi Karjiban Roghayeh R Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Science, Universiti Putra Malaysia, 43400, UPM Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia, - - 2014
Lipases are known for their versatility in addition to their ability to digest fat. They can be used for the formulation of detergents, as food ingredients and as biocatalysts in many industrial processes. Because conventional enzymes are frangible at high temperatures, the replacement of conventional chemical routes with biochemical processes ...
Lobstein Tim T World Obesity Federation (formerly the International Association for the Study of Obesity), London, - - 2014
This paper is written as a briefing document with the aim of providing support to policy-makers and government officials tackling obesity and related non-communicable diseases. It is based on a symposium Obesity and non-communicable diseases: Learning from international experiences(1) convened by the International Association for the Study of Obesity (now ...
Engler-Stringer Rachel - - 2014
While there is a growing body of research on food environments for children, there has not been a published comprehensive review to date evaluating food environments outside the home and school and their relationship with diet in children. The purpose of this paper is to review evidence on the influence ...
Martinson Holly M HM Department of Entomology, University of Maryland, College Park, MD, 20742, - - 2014
Habitat fragmentation is a complex process that affects ecological systems in diverse ways, altering everything from population persistence to ecosystem function. Despite widespread recognition that habitat fragmentation can influence food web interactions, consensus on the factors underlying variation in the impacts of fragmentation across systems remains elusive. In this study, ...
Mu Wanmeng W State Key Laboratory of Food Science and Technology, Ministry of Education Key Laboratory of Carbohydrate Chemistry and Biotechnology, Jiangnan University, Wuxi, 214122, Jiangsu, China, - - 2014
Isomaltulose is a natural isomer of sucrose. It is widely used as a functional sweetener with promising properties, including slower digestion, lower glycemic index, prolonged energy release, lower insulin reaction, and less cariogenicity. It has been approved as a safe sucrose substitute by the Food and Drug Administration of the ...
Aiking Harry H From the Institute for Environmental Studies (IVM), VU University, De Boelelaan, Amsterdam, - - 2014
Food sustainability and food security are increasingly in the spotlight and increasingly intertwined. According to some projections we will need to nearly double food production in the next 4 decades. This article argues that protein production and consumption are pivotal to sustainability, because anthropogenic contributions to the nitrogen cycle are ...
Jacobs David R DR Jr From the Division of Epidemiology and Community Health, School of Public Health, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN (DRJ), and the Department of Preventive Medicine, School of Medicine, Loma Linda University, Loma Linda, CA - - 2014
Nutritionism reduces dietary advice to statements about a few nutrients, with sometimes unintended implications for science, industry, and the public. Although reductionist questions about nutrition are legitimate scientifically, a nutrient focus in the public arena forces the food industry to compete with the use of nutrient statements. Consumers must interpret ...
Zoon Harriët F A HF Division of Human Nutrition, Wageningen University, PO Box 8129, 6700 EV Wageningen, The Netherlands. Electronic address: - - 2014
In our food abundant environment food cues play an important role in the regulation of energy intake. Odours can be considered as external cues that signal energy content in the anticipatory phase of eating. This study aims to determine whether exposure to olfactory cues associated with energy dense foods leads ...
Lamppa John W JW Quantum Designs, 161 First Street, Cambridge, MA - - 2014
In the facilitation of widespread access to low-cost, good tasting food, the global food system has relied on the use of fat, sugar, chemical processing aids and plastics, among other elements potentially detrimental to human health and the environment. This contrasts starkly with the strategies of natural nutrition delivery systems. ...
Aceves Seema S SS Division of Allergy and Immunology, Department of Pediatrics and Medicine, University of California, San Diego, La Jolla, California, - - 2014
Eosinophilic esophagitis is a clinicopathologic disease of increasing worldwide prevalence that is triggered by food antigens. The concurrent management of all of the atopic diseases affecting a single individual is likely to be important for successful long-term eosinophilic esophagitis management. This review covers the role of the allergist in eosinophilic ...
Dakal Tikam Chand TC Department of Life Sciences, University of Modena and Reggio Emilia, Via Amendola 2, 42122, Reggio Emilia, - - 2014
The osmotolerant and halotolerant food yeast Zygosaccharomyces rouxii is known for its ability to grow and survive in the face of stress caused by high concentrations of non-ionic (sugars and polyols) and ionic (mainly Na(+) cations) solutes. This ability determines the success of fermentation on high osmolarity food matrices and ...
Bhatnagar Nidhi N Department of Community Medicine, Post Graduate Institute of Medical Education and Research, Chandigarh, 160012, India, - - 2014
Food marketing directed to children is an issue of concern in the present day society. Revolution in food industry, increasing globalization and boom in information technology has introduced various types of food products and the way they are placed in front of likely consumers. This has resulted in rising trend ...
Guibas George V GV Allergy Research Laboratory, 2nd Pediatric Clinic, University of Athens, Athens, Greece; Allergy Unit, 2nd Department of Dermatology and Venereology, Medical School, 'Attikon' General University Hospital, Athens, - - 2014
Food protein-induced enterocolitis syndrome (FPIES) represents the severe end of the spectrum of gastrointestinal food hypersensitivity; its acute episodes can culminate in severe dehydration and hypovolemic shock, and its chronic form entails considerable morbidity associated with feeding difficulty and failure to thrive. Nevertheless, awareness for this syndrome remains rather low. ...
Black Christina - - 2014
The consumer nutrition environment has been conceptualised as in-store environmental factors that influence food shopping habits. More healthful in-store environments could be characterised as those which promote healthful food choices such as selling good quality healthy foods or placing them in prominent locations to prompt purchasing. Research measuring the full-range ...
McEvoy C T CT Centre for Public Health, Institute of Clinical Science B, Queen's University Belfast, Grosvenor Road, Belfast BT12 6BJ, UK, Public Health Sciences, University of Edinburgh Medical School, Teviot Place, Edinburgh EH8 9AG, UK and Public Health Agency for Northern Ireland, Linenhall Street, Belfast BT2 8BS, - - 2014
Using rewards may be an effective method to positively influence adolescent eating behaviour, but evidence regarding this approach is limited. The aim of this study was to explore young adolescent views about a proposed reward intervention associated with food choice in school canteens. Focus groups were held in 10 schools ...
Sturm Roland R Senior Economist, RAND Corporation, Santa Monica, - - 2014
This review summarizes current understanding of economic factors during the obesity epidemic and dispels some widely held, but incorrect, beliefs. Rising obesity rates coincided with increases in leisure time (rather than increased work hours), increased fruit and vegetable availability (rather than a decline in healthier foods), and increased exercise uptake. ...
Singh Pramil N PN From the Center for Health Research, School of Public Health (PNS, KNA, and WJ) and the Preventive Medicine Residency Program, Loma Linda University, Loma Linda, CA (MO); the Department of Community Medicine, Pondicherry Institute of Medical Sciences, Pondicherry, India (AP); and the Center for Nutrition, Healthy Lifestyles, and Disease Prevention, Loma Linda, CA (PNS, WJ, JSJ, SR, and - - 2014
An increase in noncommunicable disease (NCD) in India has been attributed to an epidemiologic transition whereby, due to urbanization, there is an increase in traditional cardiovascular disease risk factors such as obesity. Accumulated biomarker data on the "Asian Indian phenotype" identify central obesity, which occurs at a lower body mass ...
Morton Gregory J GJ Diabetes and Obesity Center of Excellence, Department of Medicine, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington 98109, - - 2014
Under normal conditions, food intake and energy expenditure are balanced by a homeostatic system that maintains stability of body fat content over time. However, this homeostatic system can be overridden by the activation of 'emergency response circuits' that mediate feeding responses to emergent or stressful stimuli. Inhibition of these circuits ...
Vaitkeviciute Rimante R 1School of Medicine & Griffith Health Institute,Population and Social Health Research Program,Building G05 Room 3·16,Gold Coast Campus,Griffith University,QLD - - 2014
The aim of the present systematic review was to investigate the evidence on the association between food literacy and adolescents' dietary intake. The review included searches of six databases with no restriction on the year of publication or language. The studies eligible for review were from five countries/regions: USA (n ...
Wertheim Margaret M University of Wisconsin-Madison, Urology, Madison, Wisconsin, United States ; - - 2014
Objective: To assess urologists' practice patterns and beliefs about dietary therapy for stone prevention. Dietary therapy is offered to stone formers (SFs) by a subset of urologists. While some may involve a registered dietitian (RD) to provide medical nutrition therapy (MNT), most do not as MNT is Medicare-covered only for ...
Tunney Tyler D TD Department of Integrative Biology, University of Guelph, Guelph, ON, Canada N1G 2W1; - - 2014
Food webs unfold across a mosaic of micro and macro habitats, with each habitat coupled by mobile consumers that behave in response to local environmental conditions. Despite this fundamental characteristic of nature, research on how climate change will affect whole ecosystems has overlooked (i) that climate warming will generally affect ...
Jennings Hannah Maria - - 2014
This paper explores the nature of food and plants and their meanings in a British Bengali urban context. It focuses on the nature of plants and food in terms of their role in home making, transnational connections, generational and concepts of health. An ethnographic approach to the research was taken, ...
Vella Meagan N - - 2014
The functional food industry has experienced innovative and economic expansion, yet research into consumer perceptions of functional foods and their associated health claims is limited. Among consumers, older adults could benefit from functional foods due to age-related issues pertaining to food and health. The purpose of this research was to ...
Salvilla S A SA Allergy & Respiratory Research Group, Centre for Population Health Sciences, The University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh, - - 2014
This is one of seven interlinked systematic reviews undertaken on behalf of the European Academy of Allergy and Clinical Immunology as part of their Guidelines for Food Allergy and Anaphylaxis, which focuses on instruments developed for IgE-mediated food allergy. Disease-specific questionnaires are significantly more sensitive than generic ones in measuring ...
de Ridder Denise D Utrecht University. Electronic address: - - 2014
Dieting is generally not effective in establishing weight loss and research has focused on documenting these negative consequences of dieting. Much less is known about why people diet. The present study employed a large and representative community sample to determine the demographic and psychological correlates of dieting and examine the ...
Seo Sunhee S Department of Nutritional Science and Food Management, Ewha Womans University, 52, Ewhayeodae-gil, Seodaemun-gu, Seoul 120-750, - - 2014
The purpose of this study is to identify how level of information affected intention, using the Theory of Planned Behavior. The study was conducted survey in diverse community centers and shopping malls in Seoul, which yielded N = 209 datasets. To compare processed foods consumption behavior, we divided samples into ...
Hulin M M a French Agency for Food, Environmental and Occupational Health & Safety (ANSES) , Maisons-Alfort Cedex , - - 2014
As part of the previous French Total Diet Studies (TDS) focusing on exposure to food chemicals in the population aged 3 years and older, the French Agency for Food, Environmental and Occupational Health & Safety (ANSES) launched a specific TDS on infants to complete its overall chemical food safety programme ...
Koeberl Martina - - 2014
Food allergies are increasing worldwide and becoming a public health concern. Food legislation requires detailed declarations of potential allergens in food products and therefore an increased capability to analyze for the presence of food allergens. Currently antibody based methods are mainly utilized to quantify allergens, however these methods have several ...
Oliveira Fabíola Cristina de FC a Departamento de Ciência e Tecnologia de Alimentos , Instituto Federal de Educação Ciência e Tecnologia do Sudeste de Minas Gerais - Campus Rio Pomba, AV. Dr. José Sebastião da Paixão S/Nº - Bairro Lindo Vale , 36180-000 Rio Pomba - MG , - - 2014
Abstract The products formed by glycosylation of food proteins with carbohydrates via the Maillard reaction, also known as conjugates, are agents capable of changing and improving techno-functional characteristics of proteins. The Maillard reaction uses the covalent bond between a group of a reducing carbohydrates and an amino group of a ...
Belahsen Rekia R Chouaib Doukkali University, Training and Research Unit on Nutrition & Food Sciences, Laboratory of Biotechnology, Biochemistry & Nutrition, El Jadida 24000, - - 2014
The aim of the present paper is to review nutrition transition (NT) ongoing in low and middle income countries and the associated dietary changes. NT is accompanied by demographic and epidemiological transition associated with economic development and urbanisation. In these countries, while the problems of hunger and undernourishment persist, there ...
Johnson Jennifer J Department of Women's and Children's Health, Uppsala University, - - 2014
Over the past few decades, the incidence of food allergies has risen and Sweden has increased its import of peanuts and exotic nuts, such as cashew nuts, which may cause severe allergic reactions. This study aimed to retrospectively investigate paediatric emergency visits due to food reactions over a ten-year period, ...
Met Amandine A Université de Rennes 1, Avenue du Général Leclerc, CS 74205, 35042, Rennes Cedex, - - 2014
Although gaze-following abilities have been demonstrated in a wide range of species, so far no clear evidence has been available for dogs. In the current study, we examined whether dogs follow human gaze behind an opaque barrier in two different contexts, in a foraging situation and in a non-foraging situation ...
Elbashir Abdalla A AA Faculty of Science, Chemistry Department, University of Khartoum, PO Box 321, Khartoum, 11115, - - 2014
Capacitively coupled contactless conductivity detection (C(4) D) has emerged as a powerful technique for the detection of compounds lacking any distinct chromophores or fluorophores. This review provides an update of the most recent application in CE-C(4) D for pharmaceutical, biomedical and food covering the period from January 2012 to January ...
Teslovich Theresa T Sackler Institute, Department of Psychiatry, Weill Cornell Medical College, New York, NY 10065, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
The ability to exert self-control in the face of appetitive, alluring cues is a critical component of healthy development. The development of behavioral measures that use disease-relevant stimuli can greatly improve our understanding of cue-specific impairments in self-control. To produce such a tool relevant to the study of eating and ...
McGraw W Scott WS Department of Anthropology, The Ohio State University, Columbus, OH, - - 2014
We present information on food hardness and monthly dietary changes in female sooty mangabeys (Cercocebus atys) in Tai Forest, Ivory Coast to reassess the hypothesis that thick molar enamel is parsimoniously interpreted as a response to consumption of hard foods during fallback periods. We demonstrate that the diet of sooty ...
Jordan Kieran K Teagasc Food Research Centre, Moorepark, Fermoy, Co, Cork, - - 2014
Foodborne illness continues as a considerable threat to public health. Despite improved hygiene management systems and increased regulation, pathogenic bacteria still contaminate food, causing sporadic cases of illness and disease outbreaks worldwide. For many centuries, microbial antagonism has been used in food processing to improve food safety. An understanding of ...
Schneider Jill E JE Department of Biological Sciences, Lehigh University, Bethlehem, PA 18015, United States. Electronic address: - - 2014
This article is part of a Special Issue "Energy Balance". Energy homeostasis is achieved through neuroendocrine and metabolic control of energy intake, storage, and expenditure. Traditionally, these controls have been studied in an unrealistic and narrow context. The appetite for food, for example, is most often assumed to be independent ...
Jacka Felice N - - 2014
Noncommunicable diseases (NCDs) account for the largest burden of early mortality and are predicted to cost the global community more than US $30trillion over the next 20 years. Unhealthy dietary habits, in large part driven by substantial changes to global food systems, are recognised as major contributors to many of ...
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