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Gasbarrini Gb G Fondazione Ricerca in Medicina ONLUS, Bologna, - - 2014
Throughout the world, cereals have always been recognized as a fundamental food. Human evolution, through the development of cooking, led to the production of food rich in gluten, in order to take full advantage of the nutritional properties of this food. The result has been that gluten intolerance has arisen ...
Wu Guoyao G Department of Animal Science, Texas A&M University, College Station, - - 2014
The Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations estimates that 843 million people worldwide are hungry and a greater number suffer from nutrient deficiencies. Approximately one billion people have inadequate protein intake. The challenge of preventing hunger and malnutrition will become even greater as the global population grows from ...
Mayo Baltasar B Departamento de Microbiología y Bioquímica, Instituto de Productos Lácteos de Asturias (IPLA-CSIC), Paseo Río Linares s/n, 33300-Villaviciosa, Asturias, - - 2014
Understanding the Maxam-Gilbert and Sanger sequencing as the first generation, in recent years there has been an explosion of newly-developed sequencing strategies, which are usually referred to as next generation sequencing (NGS) techniques. NGS techniques have high-throughputs and produce thousands or even millions of sequences at the same time. These ...
Speir Shannon L SL Biology Department, Texas Christian University, Fort Worth, Texas, - - 2014
Terrestrial spiders transfer methyl mercury (MeHg) to terrestrial consumers like birds but how spiders become contaminated with MeHg is not well understood. In the present study, we used stable isotopes of nitrogen in combination with MeHg to determine the source of MeHg to terrestrial long-jawed orb weaver spiders (Tetragnatha sp). ...
Nowak-Węgrzyn Anna A Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai, Kravis Children's Hospital, Pediatric Allergy and Immunology, Jaffe Food Allergy Institute, New York, - - 2014
With the emergence of food allergy as an important public health problem, it has become clear that there is an unmet need in regards to treatment. In particular, IgE-mediated food allergy that is associated with risk for fatal anaphylaxis has been the subject of multiple studies in the past decade. ...
Weidenhamer Jeffrey D JD Department of Chemistry, Geology & Physics, 401 College Ave., Ashland University, Ashland, OH 44805, - - 2014
Blood lead levels have decreased following the removal of lead from gasoline in most of the world. However, numerous recent studies provide evidence that elevated blood lead levels persist in many low and middle-income countries around the world at much higher prevalence than in the more developed countries. One potential ...
Singh B B Laboratory of Bioprocess Technology, Department of Microbiology, Maharshi Dayanand University, Haryana, - - 2014
Fungal phytases are histidine acid phosphatases, a subclass of acid phosphatases, which catalyse the hydrolysis of phytic acid resulting in the release of phosphate moieties and thus mitigate its antinutritional properties. The supplementation of feed with phytases increases the bioavailability of phosphorus and minerals in non-ruminant animals and reduces the ...
Huang J J Key Laboratory of Tea Biochemistry and Biotechnology, Ministry of Agriculture and Ministry of Education, Anhui Agricultural University, Hefei, People's Republic of - - 2014
Many researchers have reported that obesity is a major risk factor for diabetes, cardiovascular diseases, several forms of cancer (such as breast, colon and prostate), pulmonary, osteoarticular and metabolic diseases in the past decades. Recently, the hypolipidemic and anti-obesity effects of green tea in animals and humans have slowly become ...
Sheng Yao Y College of Food Science and Nutritional Engineering, China Agricultural University, Beijing, China, - - 2014
Genetically modified (GM) crops that express pharmaceutical proteins have become an important focus of recent genetic engineering research. Food safety assessment is necessary for the commercial development of these crops. Subchronic toxicity study in vivo and allergenicity study in vitro were designed to evaluate the food safety of the rice ...
Nielsen Annemette A Department of Food and Resource Economics and Department of Nutrition, Exercise and Sports, University of Copenhagen Rolighedsvej 25, DK-1958, Frederiksberg C, Denmark.. Electronic address: - - 2014
The desire to achieve a normal, culturally acceptable body is often seen as the main driver of food-consumption practices adopted by individuals who are concerned about their body weight. In social research into weight management self-control is therefore often a central theme. Turning the focus towards practices and values related ...
Guang Cuie - - 2014
Soyasaponins are a group of structurally complex oleanane triterpenoids primarily found in soybeans and have diverse biological properties. The recent investigations and findings (since 2000) regarding the biological functions of soyasaponins and their aglycones, including their anti-inflammatory, anti-mutagenic, anti-carcinogenic, anti-microbial, and hepato- and cardiovascular-protective activities, are herein summarized. The primary ...
Murray Ellen - - 2014
Severe acute malnutrition is a devastating condition afflicting under-5 children in many developing countries, but concentrated in sub-Saharan Africa. This paper examines the development of home-based lipid-nutrient therapeutic foods for the treatment of acute malnutrition in sub-Saharan Africa and the adoption of these therapies as a standard of care for ...
Allen Thomas T Bioversity International, Parc Scientifique Agropolis II, F-34397 Montpellier cedex - - 2014
The stark observation of the co-existence of undernourishment, nutrient deficiencies and overweight and obesity, the triple burden of malnutrition, is inviting us to reconsider health and nutrition as the primary goal and final endpoint of food systems. Agriculture and the food industry have made remarkable advances in the past decades. ...
Kroemer Nils B NB Department of Psychiatry and Neuroimaging Center, Technische Universität Dresden, - - 2014
Endocrine signals such as ghrelin and leptin are known to modulate the mesocorticolimbic dopaminergic system and, consequently, show associations with food and drug reward. In animal models, nicotine was demonstrated to reduce body weight by attenuating food intake and effects of leptin and ghrelin are partly modulated by nicotinic acetylcholine ...
Markou Giorgos G Department of Natural Resources Management and Agricultural Engineering, Agricultural University of Athens, Iera Odos 75, 11855 Athens, Greece. Electronic address: - - 2014
Microalgae and cyanobacteria are a promising new source of biomass that may complement agricultural crops to meet the increasing global demand for food, feed, biofuels and chemical production. Microalgae and cyanobacteria cultivation does not interfere directly with food production, but care should be taken to avoid indirect competition for nutrient ...
Marques Mathew D MD La Trobe University, Australia - - 2014
This research examined public opinion toward genetically modified plants and animals for food, and how trust in organizations and media coverage explained attitudes toward these organisms. Nationally representative samples (N = 8821) over 10 years showed Australians were less positive toward genetically modified animals compared to genetically modified plants for ...
Emami Morteza M Department of Traditional Medicine, School of Traditional Medicine, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, - - 2014
The present article aimed to compile information on the nutritional management for geriatric people. Popular textbooks of Persian medicine from 10th to 18th century were studied to derive relative viewpoints and considerations. The temperament, which is defined as the combination of 4 main elements (fire, air, water, and soil) and ...
Edwards Joan J Biology Department, Thompson Biology Lab, Williams College, Williamstown, MA, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
A new study shows that birds plucking anthers of the Melastome, Axinaea, demonstrate a novel bird pollination mechanism. Each stamen of Axinaea offers a nutrient-rich, berry-like food body that, when bitten, releases a puff of pollen allowing transfer to stigmas by wind or the pollen-dusted bird.
Kothari Damini D Dept. of Biotechnology, Indian Inst. of Technology Guwahati, Guwahati 781 039, Assam, - - 2014
Functional oligosaccharides have emerged as valuable components of food and dietary supplements. Their resistance to digestion and fermentation by colonic microbes has given them the nutritional edge. Apart from implications as dietary fibers, sweeteners, and humectants, they are hailed as prebiotics. Their beneficial effects extend from antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, immunomodulatory, antiallergic, ...
Cuomo Rosario R Rosario Cuomo, Paolo Andreozzi, Francesco Paolo Zito, Valentina Passananti, Giovanni De Carlo, Giovanni Sarnelli, Department Of Clinical Medicine and Surgery, Federico II University Hospital, School of Medicine, 80131 Naples, - - 2014
Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is one of the most common gastrointestinal disorders in Western countries. Despite the high prevalence of this disorders, the therapeutic management of these patients is often unsatisfactory. A number of factors have been suggested to be involved in the pathogenesis of IBS, including impaired motility and ...
West Paul C PC Institute on the Environment, University of Minnesota, St. Paul, MN 55108, USA. - - 2014
Achieving sustainable global food security is one of humanity's contemporary challenges. Here we present an analysis identifying key "global leverage points" that offer the best opportunities to improve both global food security and environmental sustainability. We find that a relatively small set of places and actions could provide enough new ...
Saleh Ahmed S M AS a College of Food Science and Nutritional Engineering , China Agricultural University , Beijing , 100083 , - - 2014
Abstract Year to year obesity prevalence, reduced physical activities, bad habits/or stressful lifestyle, and other environmental and physiological impacts leading to increase of diseases such as coronary heart disease, stroke, cancer, diabetes and hypertension worldwide. Hypertension is considered as one of the most common serious chronic diseases; however, discovery of ...
Campbell T Colin TC a Division of Nutritional Sciences , Cornell University , Ithaca , New York , - - 2014
Nutrition is generally investigated, and findings interpreted, in reference to the activities of individual nutrients. Nutrient composition of foods, food labeling, food fortification, and nutrient recommendations are mostly founded on this assumption, a practice commonly known as reductionism. While such information on specifics is important and occasionally useful in practice, ...
Kanikowska Dominika D Department of Pathophysiology, Poznań University of Medical Sciences, Rokietnicka 8, 60-806, Poznań, Poland, - - 2014
While the significance of obesity as a serious health problem is well recognized, little is known about whether and how biometerological factors and biorhythms causally contribute to obesity. Obesity is often associated with altered seasonal and daily rhythmicity in food intake, metabolism and adipose tissue function. Environmental stimuli affect both ...
Rastogi Navin K NK a Department of Food Engineering, Central Food Technological Research Institute, Council of Scientific and Industrial Research , Mysore , 570 020 , - - 2014
Abstract Food processing and preservation technologies must maintain the fresh like characteristics of the food while providing an acceptable and convenient shelf life as well as assuring safety and nutritional value. Besides, the consumers demand for highest quality convenience foods in terms of natural flavor and taste, free from additives ...
Brown Kelley K World Vision US, Federal Way, Washington, - - 2014
Guatemala's rural indigenous population suffers from one of the highest rates of chronic child malnutrition (stunting) in the world. Successfully addressing stunting requires defining the barriers to and opportunities for new behaviour-change initiatives. We undertook a mixed-methods assessment of feeding practices and food purchasing behaviours around infants and young children ...
Sinclair Susan E - - 2014
Recent menu labeling initiatives in North America involve posting the calorie content of standard menu items, sometimes with other nutrients of public health concern, with or without contextual information (such as the recommended daily caloric intake for an average adult) or interpretive information (such as traffic light symbols). It is ...
Libotte E E ETH Zürich, Institute of Food, Nutrition and Health (IFNH), Zürich, - - 2014
Environmental factors, such as the size of containers, can influence our energy intake. Even though different sized food containers are often recommended to control portion sizes, the evidence to support this is contradictory. In the present study, we conducted a literature review and a controlled laboratory experiment to investigate whether ...
Roncarolo Federico F Institut de recherche en santé publique de l'université de Montréal (IRSPUM), Pavillon 7101 avenue du Parc, C.P. 6128, Succ. Centre-Ville, Montréal, QC, H3C 3J7, Canada, - - 2014
Food insecurity is steadily increasing in developed countries. Traditional interventions adopted to tackle food insecurity, like food banks, address the urgent need for food. By contrast, alternative interventions, such as community gardens and kitchens, are oriented towards social integration and the development of mutual aid networks. The objective of this ...
Franz Eelco E National Institute for Public Health and the Environment, Bilthoven, the - - 2014
The rates of foodborne disease caused by gastrointestinal pathogens continue to be a concern in both the developed and developing worlds. The growing world population, the increasing complexity of agri-food networks and the wide range of foods now associated with STEC are potential drivers for increased risk of human disease. ...
Ho Dang P DP Advanced Water Management Centre, School of Chemical Engineering, University of Queensland, Brisbane, - - 2014
Rapid growth in both global energy demand and carbon dioxide emissions associated with the use of fossil fuels has driven the search for alternative sources which are renewable and have a lower environmental impact. This paper reviews the availability and bioenergy potentials of the current biomass feedstocks. These include (i) ...
Bordoni Alessandra A Department of Agro-Food Sciences and Technologies, University of Bologna, Bologna, - - 2014
To understand how the principles of foodomics could improve the assessment of the nutritional status and needs. The knowledge that metabolic pathways may be altered in individuals with genetic variants in the presence of certain dietary exposures offers great potential for personalized nutrition advice, and epigenetics and nutrigenetics have been ...
Nicklas Neuman N Department of Food, Nutrition and Dietetics, Uppsala University, P.O. Box 560, SE-751 22 Uppsala, Sweden. Electronic address: - - 2014
This study used focus group discussions to investigate how a group of Swedish University students (24 women and 5 men) interpret symbols with claims about health and/or symbols with information about nutrition. The participants mostly talked about farming methods and food processes when asked about health and nutrition symbols. The ...
Neely Eva E School of Psychology, Massey University, 2 Severn St, Island Bay, Wellington 6023, New Zealand, phone. 0064-27-8568445. Electronic address: - - 2014
Food practices are embedded in everyday life and social relationships. In youth nutrition promotion little attention is awarded to this centrality of food practices, yet it may play a pivotal role for young people's overall health and wellbeing beyond the calories food provides. Limited research is available explicitly investigating how ...
Kappelman John J Department of Anthropology, University of Texas at Austin, Austin, TX, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
Aquatic food resources are important components of many modern human hunter-gatherer diets and yet evidence attesting to the widespread exploitation of this food type appears rather late in the archaeological record. While there are times when, for example, the capture of fish and shellfish requires sophisticated technology, there are other ...
Fashing Peter J PJ Department of Anthropology, California State University Fullerton, 800 N. State College Boulevard, Fullerton, CA, 92834; Environmental Studies Program, California State University Fullerton, 800 N. State College Boulevard, Fullerton, CA, - - 2014
Recent evidence suggests that several extinct primates, including contemporaneous Paranthropus boisei and Theropithecus oswaldi in East Africa, fed largely on grasses and sedges (i.e., graminoids). As the only living primate graminivores, gelada monkeys (Theropithecus gelada) can yield insights into the dietary strategies pursued by extinct grass- and sedge-eating primates. Past ...
Binnie Mary Ann MA Canadian Pork Council, 1962 Faircloth Road, London, Ontario N6G 5J3, Canada. Electronic address: - - 2014
Recent evidence suggests dietary advice to limit red meat is unnecessarily restrictive and may have unintended health consequences. As nutrient-rich high quality protein foods, red meats can play an important role in helping people meet their essential nutrient needs. Yet dietary advice to limit red meat remains standard in many ...
Kalinowski Ryan S RS Department of Wildlife, Humboldt State University, Arcata, CA, 95521, - - 2014
Steller's jays (Cyanocitta stelleri) often store food and return to retrieve the stored items at a later time. Between caching and consumption, stored food has the potential to be pilfered by conspecific observers. We investigated whether individually marked Steller's jays in suburban neighborhoods of Arcata, California, USA, adjusted cache concealment ...
Buff P R PR The Nutro Company, Franklin, TN 37067 - - 2014
The purpose of this review is to clarify the definition of "natural" as it pertains to commercial pet food, and summarize the scientific findings related to natural ingredients in pet foods and natural diets on the impact of pet health and physiology. The term "natural", when used to market commercial ...
Cassells Erin L EL Institute of Health and Biomedical Innovation, School of Exercise and Nutrition Sciences, Faculty of Health, Queensland University of Technology, Brisbane, 4059, - - 2014
Food neophobia is a highly heritable trait characterized by the rejection of foods that are novel or unknown and potentially limits dietary variety, with lower intake and preference particularly for fruits and vegetables. Understanding non-genetic (environmental) factors that may influence the expression of food neophobia is essential to improving children's ...
Fukutomi Yuma Y Clinical Research Center for Allergy and Rheumatology, Sagamihara National Hospital, Sagamihara, Kanagawa, - - 2014
Recent studies have highlighted the importance of extra-intestinal routes of sensitization to food-related allergens as the cause of epidemics of food allergy. Instances of Japanese women developing food allergy to wheat after exposure to hydrolyzed wheat protein (HWP) present in facial soap have been reported. However, the epidemiologic impact of ...
Geueke Birgit B a Food Packaging Forum Foundation , Zurich , - - 2014
Food contact materials (FCMs) are intended to be in contact with food during production, handling or storage. They are one possible source of food contamination, because chemicals may migrate from the material into the food. More than 6000 FCM substances appear on regulatory or non-regulatory lists. Some of these substances ...
Nielsen Forrest H FH U.S. Department of Agriculture, Agricultural Research Service,(1) Grand Forks Human Nutrition Research Center, Grand Forks, ND, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
Today, most nutritionists do not consider a trace element essential unless it has a defined biochemical function in higher animals or humans. As a result, even though it has been found that trace elements such as boron and silicon have beneficial bioactivity in higher animals and humans, they generally receive ...
Skypala Isabel I aRoyal Brompton and Harefield NHS Foundation Trust, London, UK bEmma Children's Hospital, Pediatric Respiratory Medicine and Allergy, Academic Medical Centre, University of Amsterdam, Amsterdam, The - - 2014
The role of nutrients in the study of allergic disease has been studied for many years, but recent evidence suggests that it is the quality and variety of the whole diet which affects the development of food allergy. This review seeks to understand whether food allergy prevalence is increasing and ...
Scopece G G Department of Biology, University Federico II, Complesso Universitario MSA, Naples, Italy; Institute for Plant Protection, Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche, Sesto Fiorentino (FI), - - 2014
Pollination systems differ in pollen transfer efficiency, a variable that may influence the evolution of flower number. Here we apply a comparative approach to examine the link between pollen transfer efficiency and the evolution of inflorescence size in food and sexually deceptive orchids. We examined pollination performance in nine food-deceptive, ...
Ganann Rebecca - - 2014
Low fruit and vegetable (FV) consumption is one of the top 10 global risk factors for mortality, and is related to increased risk for cancer, cardiovascular disease and diabetes. Many environmental, sociodemographic and personal factors affect FV consumption. The purpose of this review is to examine the effects of interventions ...
Christopher Deborah D International Institute of Nutritional Sciences and Applied Food Safety Studies, School of Sport, Tourism and the Outdoors, University of Central Lancashire, Preston, UK; Allied Technical Centre, Maidenhead, UK - - 2014
Excessive or high salt or sodium intake is known to cause hypertension and other diseases. Within the United Kingdom voluntary targets for salt reduction have been set and laid out in the Secretary of State responsibility deal. This review considers the options available to food manufacturers to enable them to ...
Ramsingh Brigit B Food Safety Management, International Institute of Nutritional Sciences and Applied Food Safety Studies, University of Central Lancashire, Preston, UK - - 2014
Following the Second World War, the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) and the World Health Organization (WHO) teamed up to construct an International Codex Alimentarius (or 'food code') which emerged in 1963. The Codex Committee on Food Hygiene (CCFH) was charged with the task of developing microbial hygiene standards, although ...
Prusak Anna A Department of Clinical Nursing, Institute of Nursing and Obstetrics, Jagiellonian University Medical College, - - 2014
 Background. Peanuts are one of the main food allergens, occasionally responsible for life-threatening reactions. Thus, many studies have tried to fi nd a connection between peanut allergy prevalence and processes in the peanut chain that may contribute to the peanut allergenicity. To inform this discussion, this paper outlines experiences in ...
Chandler Marjorie L ML Private Consultant, 11 Mavisbank Place, Lasswade, Midlothian EH18 1DQ, Scotland; The Royal (Dick) School of Veterinary Studies, University of Edinburgh, Roslin, Scotland. Electronic address: - - 2014
Although veterinary practitioners know that nutrition can make a difference in the health and recovery from disease or illness in dogs and cats, they may feel poorly equipped to provide unbiased information on nutrition. This article provides information about evaluating and recommending diets and interpreting a pet food label to ...
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