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More J A JA School of Health Professions, Plymouth University, Plymouth, - - 2014
Healthy eating guidelines for 1-4-year-old children are available but evidence-based portion sizes have not been specified. Parents and early-years providers are concerned about under- or over-feeding young children. The present study aimed to report detailed information about appropriate average portion size ranges and suggest a practical food plan for feeding ...
Heymann Eckhard W EW Abteilung Verhaltensökologie & Soziobiologie, Deutsches Primatenzentrum, Kellnerweg 4, D-37077, Göttingen, - - 2014
Throughout many regions of the tropics, non-primate animals - mainly birds and mammals - have been observed to follow primate groups and to exploit dropped food and flushed prey. The anecdotal nature of most of the numerous reports on these primate-non-primate associations (PNPAs) may obscure the biological significance of such associations. We review the ...
Veling Harm H Department of Psychology, Utrecht University, The Netherlands; Behavioural Science Institute, Radboud University Nijmegen, The Netherlands. Electronic address: - - 2014
Because eating behavior can take on an impulsive nature many people experience difficulty with dieting to lose weight. Therefore, an experiment was conducted to test the effectiveness of two interventions targeting impulsive processes of eating behavior to facilitate weight loss: Implementation intentions to remind people about dieting versus a go/no-go ...
Novosel Anna A Department of Psychology, Karl-Franzens-University Graz, Graz, - - 2014
Current literature suggests an increased attentional bias toward food stimuli in eating-disordered individuals compared to healthy controls. In line with these research efforts, the present study aims to investigate the processing of food stimuli (enriched by emotional stimuli) between patients diagnosed for anorexia nervosa (AN) and healthy controls by means ...
Abu Baker Mohammad A MA Department of Biological and Environmental Sciences, Faculty of Arts and Sciences, Qatar University, P.O. Box 2713, Doha, Qatar, - - 2014
We used live-trapping and foraging to test for the effect of habitat selection and diet on structuring a community of six small mammals and one bird within the Soutpansberg, South Africa. We established grids that straddled adjacent habitats: woodland, rocky hillside, and grassland. Trapping and foraging were used to estimate ...
Der-Martirosian Claudia C 1 Veterans Emergency Management Evaluation Center, North Hills, California - - 2014
Despite federal and local efforts to educate the public to prepare for major emergencies, many US households remain unprepared for such occurrences. United States Armed Forces veterans are at particular risk during public health emergencies as they are more likely than the general population to have multiple health conditions. This ...
Bystrom Jonas J Bone and Joint Research Unit, William Harvey Research Institute, Barts & the London, Queen Mary University of London, London, - - 2014
Eosinophilic oesophagitis (EoE) is an inflammatory disorder of the oesophagus which has become increasingly recognised over recent years, although it remains underdiagnosed in many centres. It is characterised histologically by a significant eosinophilic infiltration of the oesophageal mucosa (>15 eosinophils per high powered field), and clinically with features of oesophageal ...
Osmałek Tomasz T The Department of Pharmaceutical Technology, Poznan University of Medical Sciences, Grunwaldzka 6, Poznań 60-780, Poland. Electronic address: - - 2014
Over the past few decades, microbial polysaccharides have been under intense investigation due to their advantageous physicochemical properties. A great structural diversity of these biomolecules has led to multiple applications in food industry, personal care products, pharmacy and medicine. Currently, one of the most widely studied and fully described member ...
Bellisle France F Department of Kinesiology, Faculty of Medicine, Laval University, Quebec, Canada. Electronic address: - - 2014
The present obesity "epidemic" has been attributed to a growing trend for snacking. Snacking may contribute to excess energy intake and weight gain through different ways, for example: context/environment of eating, frequency of consumption and quality of food choices. The present article reviews data and hypotheses about the role of ...
Sommer Isolde I School of Health Sciences and Social Work, University of Portsmouth, Portsmouth, United Kingdom; Department for Evidence-Based Medicine and Clinical Epidemiology, Danube University Krems, Krems, Austria. Electronic address: - - 2014
Understanding food choice behavior in adolescence is important because many core eating habits may be tracked into adulthood. The food choices of at least 2.3% of teenagers living in the United Kingdom are determined by food allergies. However, the effect of food allergies on eating habits in teenagers has not ...
Błędzka Dorota D Department of Toxicology and Carcinogenesis, Nofer Institute of Occupational Medicine, ul. św. Teresy od Dzieciątka Jezus 8, 91-348 Łódź, Poland. Electronic address: - - 2014
Parabens are a group of substances commonly employed as preservatives, mainly in personal care products, pharmaceuticals and food. Scientific reports concerning their endocrine disrupting potential and the possible link with breast cancer raised wide discussion about parabens' impact and safety. This paper provides holistic overview of paraben usage, occurrence in ...
Ghosh Dilip D Nutriconnect, Sydney, NSW, - - 2014
Citizens of Australia and New Zealand recognise that food security is a major global issue. Food security also affects Australia and New Zealand's status as premier food exporting nations and the health and wellbeing of Australasian population. Australia is uniquely positioned to help build a resilient food value chain and ...
Johnston Laura K LK Division of Allergy-Immunology, Department of Medicine, Feinberg School of Medicine, Northwestern University, Chicago IL - - 2014
Food allergies represent an increasingly prevalent human health problem, and therapeutic options remain limited, with avoidance being mainstay, despite its adverse effects on quality of life. A better understanding of the key immunological mechanisms involved in such responses likely will be vital for development of new therapies. This review outlines ...
Mizuno O O Department of Dermatology, Hokkaido University Graduate School of Medicine, Sapporo, - - 2014
Food-dependent exercise-induced anaphylaxis (FDEIA) is a serious food allergy in which anaphylaxis develops when exercise is performed within several hours after food intake. The precise mechanism underlying allergic sensitization in FDEIA has been an important issue but remains poorly understood. We aimed to elucidate the pathomechanism including the route of ...
Yang Tao T aNational Engineering Laboratory for Rice and Byproduct In-depth Processing, Central South University of Forestry and Technology bDepartment of Pathology, College of Medicine, Hunan Normal University, Hunan, China cHerman B Wells Center for Pediatric Research, James Whitcomb Riley Hospital for Children, Indiana University - Purdue University Indianapolis, Indianapolis, Indiana dDepartment of Veterinary Biosciences, The Ohio State University, Columbus, Ohio, - - 2014
This review provides up-to-date information on the anticancer properties of Monascus-fermented products. Topics covered include clinical evidence for the anticancer potential of Monascus metabolites, bioactive Monascus components with anticancer potential, mechanisms of the anticancer effects of Monascus metabolites, and existing problems as well as future perspectives. With the advancement of ...
Jing Li - - 2014
Citrus essential oils (CEOs) are a mixture of volatile compounds consisting mainly of monoterpene hydrocarbons, and are widely used in food and pharmaceutical industries because of their antifungal activities. To face the challenge of the growing public awareness and concern about food and health safety, studies concerning the natural biopreservatives ...
Spronk Inge I Division of Human Nutrition, Wageningen University, Bomenweg 2, 6703 HD Wageningen, The - - 2014
The present systematic review examined the relationship between nutrition knowledge and dietary intake in adults (mean age ≥ 18 years). Relevant databases were searched from the earliest record until November 2012. Search terms included: nutrition; diet or food knowledge and energy intake; feeding behaviour; diet; eating; nutrient or food intake or ...
Goetzke Beate B Department of Agricultural Economics and Rural Development - Marketing of Food and Agricultural Products, Georg-August University of Goettingen, Platz der Göttinger Sieben 5, 37073 Goettingen, Germany. Electronic address: - - 2014
Health is an important motivation for the consumption of both organic and functional foods. The aim of this study was to clarify to what extent the consumption of organic and functional foods are characterized by a healthier lifestyle and a higher level of well-being. Moreover, the influence of social desirability ...
Kass Nancy N Nancy Kass is with the Johns Hopkins Berman Institute of Bioethics and the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD. At the time of the study, Kenneth Hecht was with California Food Policy Advocates, Oakland, CA. Amy Paul is with the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health and Johns Hopkins Berman Institute of Bioethics. Kerry Birnbach is with California Food Policy Advocates, Oakland, - - 2014
Obesity and overweight prevalence soared to unprecedented levels in the United States, with 1 in 3 adults and 1 in 6 children currently categorized as obese. Although many approaches have been taken to encourage individual behavior change, policies increasingly attempt to modify environments to have a more positive influence on ...
Thow Anne Marie - - 2014
Diet-related noncommunicable diseases represent a major global public health challenge, and require a multisectoral policy response. However, the use of trade policy in this context has met with varied success in the face of strong global trade liberalization agendas. The Government of Ghana has implemented an innovative food standards policy ...
Mirmira Priyadarshini P Park Tudor High School, Indianapolis, - - 2014
Bisphenol A (BPA) is a ubiquitous industrial chemical found in a variety of plastic containers intended for food storage, and in the epoxy resin linings of metal food and beverage cans, where it is used to prevent corrosion, food contamination, and spoilage. BPA has been linked recently to a wide ...
Vaz Patto M C MC Instituto de Tecnologia Química e Biológica, Universidade Nova de Lisboa, Av. da República (EAN), Apartado 127, 2781-901 Oeiras, - - 2014
BackgroundThe Lathyrus genus includes 160 species, some of which have economic importance as food, fodder and ornamental crops (mainly L. sativus, L. cicera and L. odoratus, respectively) and are cultivated in >1·5 Mha worldwide. However, in spite of their well-recognized robustness and potential as a source of calories and protein ...
Lund Barbara M BM Institute of Food Research , Norwich Research Park, Colney, Norwich, United Kingdom - - 2014
Abstract Low-microbial diets are advised by many institutions for people with neutropenia resulting from treatment with immunosuppressive drugs or medical conditions that increase their susceptibility to foodborne disease. In this article, the main microbiological hazards associated with foods are outlined, and a low-microbial diet in which higher-risk foods are replaced ...
Crawford Michael A MA Department of Cancer and Surgery, Imperial College, London, - - 2014
The modern Western diet bears little resemblance to the diet which forged the human genome over many million years. The change in basic food structure is operating to distort biology even before conception and into late years, with the epidemic of obesity and diabetes likely to lead to stroke, heart ...
Llorach Rafael R Department of Nutrition and Food Science, XaRTA, INSA, Faculty of Pharmacy, University of Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain; Ingenio-CONSOLIDER Program, FUN-C-FOOD CSD2007-063, Ministry of Science and Innovation, - - 2014
Metabolomics has emerged in the field of food and nutrition sciences as a powerful tool for doing profiling approaches. In this context, HPLC-q-TOF-based metabolomics approach was applied to unveil changes in the urinary metabolome in human subjects (n = 51, 23 men and 28 women) after regular aronia-citrus juice (AC-juice) ...
Martin Ashley A AA School of Experimental Psychology, Nutrition and Behaviour Unit, University of Bristol, Bristol, UK. Electronic address: - - 2014
Evidence is accumulating which suggests that, in addition to leading to unprecedented rates of obesity, the current food environment is contributing to the development of cognitive impairment and dementia. Recent experimental research indicates that many of the cognitive deficits associated with obesity involve fundamental inhibitory processes that have important roles ...
Liu Xiumei X Food safety Standards, China National Center for Food Safety Risk Assessment, Building 2, No. 37, Guangqu Road, Chaoyang District, Beijing, China, - - 2014
Food safety is a major livelihood issue and a priority concern in China. The Food Safety Law of the People's Republic of China was issued in 2009, the food safety control system has been well strengthened, including National Food Safety Risk Surveillance System, Food Safety Risk Assessment System and Food ...
Mastovska Katerina - - 2014
The papers in this special issue of Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry were originally presented at the 50th North American Chemical Residue Workshop (NACRW), formerly known as the Pesticide Residue Workshop (FPRW). The 2013 meeting celebrated the rich history of 50 years of the FPRW and the birth of ...
Grote Veit V Division of Metabolic and Nutritional Medicine, Dr von Hauner Children's Hospital, Munich, - - 2014
This article will summarize recent progress in research in the area of complementary feeding as it relates to childhood obesity. Newly emerged findings demonstrate how research on contributing factors has shifted. Examining nutrient and caloric intakes alone has failed to answer the critical question, 'Why are some children obese, whereas ...
Endale Worku - - 2014
Access to sufficient food is essential for household welfare as well as for accomplishing other development activities. Households with insufficient access to food often face other challenges related to food insecurity including poor health and a decline in productivity. These challenges can often create a vicious circle whereby households are ...
Hua Jenna - - 2014
Given the rapid pace of urbanization and Westernization and the increasing prevalence of obesity, there is a need for research to better understand the influence of the built environment on overweight and obesity in world's developing regions. Culturally-specific food environment survey instruments are important tools for studying changing food availability ...
Doerfler B B Division of Gastroenterology, Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine, Chicago, Illinois, - - 2014
Eosinophilic esophagitis (EoE) is a chronic immune/antigen-mediated esophageal disease characterized by esophageal dysfunction and esophageal mucosal eosinophilia. Diet therapy is effective in the treatment of EoE in both children and adults. The role of food allergens is well established in the pathogenesis and treatment of eosinophilic esophagitis. Empiric elimination with ...
Tadapaneni Ravi Kiran - - 2014
Abstract Fruits contain a variety of nutrients and polyphenols that are associated with health benefits. Year-round availability of fresh fruits is limited due to perishability. Processing fruits extends shelf-life. Individual quick frozen fruit is the most common for fruits, but nowadays, processing fruits into beverages offers extended shelf-life and new ...
Henry Amanda G AG Plant Foods in Hominin Dietary Ecology Research Group, Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology, Deutscher Platz 6, 04103 Leipzig, Germany. Electronic address: - - 2014
One of the most important challenges in anthropology is understanding the disappearance of Neanderthals. Previous research suggests that Neanderthals had a narrower diet than early modern humans, in part because they lacked various social and technological advances that lead to greater dietary variety, such as a sexual division of labor ...
Harries Caroline C National Campaign for Healthy Food Access (Ms Harries and Koprak), Research, Evaluation and Consulting (Mss Young, Weiss and Dr Karpyn), The Food Trust, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania; and Prevention Research Center at Tulane University, New Orleans, Louisiana (Dr Parker). Dr Parker is now Executive Director, Market Umbrella, New Orleans, - - 2014
Public health obesity prevention experts have recently emphasized a policy systems and environmental change approach. Absent, however, are studies describing how practitioners transition from policy adoption to implementation. In the realm of food policy, financing programs to incentivize healthy food retail development in communities classified as "underserved" are underway at ...
Peteu Serban F SF Michigan State University, Chemical Engineering & Materials Science, 3523 Engineering Bldg, 428S. Shaw Lane, East Lansing, MI 28824-1226, United States; National Institute for Research and Development in Chemistry and Petrochemistry, 202 Splaiul Independentei, 060021 Bucharest, Romania. Electronic address: - - 2014
The importance of the so-called reactive nitrogen and oxygen species (RNOS) in biology and food technology has been widely recognized. However when these species are in excess, the steady-state maintained by physiological processes is disturbed. At this point, the nitro oxidative metabolic stress develops and its action in vivo over ...
Tagtow Angie - - 2014
Sustainability is the ability of a system to be maintained over the long term. Resilience is the ability of a system to withstand disturbances and continue to function in a sustainable manner. Issues of sustainability and resilience apply to all aspects of nutrition and dietetics practice, can be practiced at ...
Scheman Andrew A From the *Northwestern University Medical Center, Chicago, IL; and †Michigan State University, East Lansing, - - 2014
Information on the presence of European Directive fragrance (EUF) allergens in plants and foods is important for numerous reasons. If an individual is allergic to an EUF and is avoiding fragrance, it is possible that they may still be exposed to the allergen in a natural product. In addition, because ...
Gittelsohn Joel J Center for Human Nutrition, Department of International Health, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD, USA. - - 2014
To document implementation challenges and opportunities associated with small store interventions. Case study analysis of small store interventions conducted in 4 regions of the US. We systematically generated matrices to compare and contrast lessons learned to advance implementation science. Seven thematic areas were identified including: establishing relationships with stores, store ...
Tham Elizabeth H EH University Children's Medical Institute, National University - - 2014
The prevalence of food allergy has increased exponentially in the last decade and is fast becoming the second wave of the allergy epidemic. Secondary prevention methods such as treatment of accidental exposures and immunotherapy are still fraught with difficulties and unanticipated adverse events still occur. The future of food allergy ...
Garsa Anita Kumari AK Animal Biochemistry Division, National Dairy Research Institute, Karnal, 132001, Haryana, India, - - 2014
Bacteriocins from lactic acid bacteria (LAB) are a diverse group of antimicrobial proteins/peptides, offering potential as biopreservatives, and exhibit a broad spectrum of antimicrobial activity at low concentrations along with thermal as well as pH stability in foods. High bacteriocin production usually occurs in complex media. However, such media are ...
Evans Ellen W EW Zero 2 Five Food Industry Centre, Cardiff School of Health Sciences, Cardiff Metropolitan University, Western Avenue, Llandaff, Cardiff, Wales CF5 2YB, UK. - - 2014
Listeria monocytogenes causes human listeriosis, which is associated with the highest hospitalization and mortality rates of all foodborne illnesses. In recent years, the incidence of listeriosis has doubled in Europe, almost exclusively among older adults (≥60 years of age). Food safety factors associated with increased risk of listeriosis include lack ...
Tahara Yu Y Laboratory of Physiology and Pharmacology, School of Advanced Science and Engineering, Waseda University, - - 2014
The circadian clock system in mammals drives many physiological processes including the daily rhythms of sleep-wake behavior, hormonal secretion, and metabolism. This system responds to daily environmental changes, such as the light-dark cycle, food intake, and drug administration. In this review, we focus on the central and peripheral circadian clock ...
Darwish Wageh Sobhy WS Laboratory of Toxicology, Department of Environmental Veterinary Sciences, Graduate School of Veterinary Medicine, Hokkaido - - 2014
Mycotoxins are fungal secondary metabolites that contaminate various feedstuffs and agricultural crops. The contamination of food by mycotoxins can occur before production, during storage, processing, transportation, or marketing of the food products. High temperature, moisture content, and water activity are among the predisposing factors that facilitate the production of mycotoxins ...
Pula Kacy K Department of Psychology, Washington State University, Pullman, WA 99164, USA; Department of Psychology, Saint Michael's College, One Winooski Park #185, Colchester, VT 05439, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
The authors tested the robustness of the Food Choice Questionnaire (FCQ) with a U.S. sample and examined the relationship between individual differences in regulatory focus and everyday food choice motives. Although a popular measure in cross-culture research, the FCQ has seen limited use with U.S. samples, and its psychometric properties ...
Passariello Annalisa A University of Naples «Federico II», Naples, - - 2014
Abstract Probiotics may be registered as food supplements or drugs. This article summarizes differences in European regulations of probiotics registered as food supplements and drugs, as well as issues related to the quality of probiotic products. For registration as a drug, the European Medicines Agency demands extensive and detailed quality, ...
Parent Marise B MB Georgia State - - 2014
A wide variety of species, including vertebrate and invertebrates, consume food in bouts (i.e., meals). Decades of research suggest that different mechanisms regulate meal initiation (when to start eating) versus meal termination (how much to eat in a meal, also known as satiety). There is a very limited understanding of ...
Kraak Vivica I VI 1 World Health Organization Collaborating Centre for Obesity Prevention, Deakin Population Health Strategic Research Centre, School of Health and Social Development, Faculty of Health, Deakin University, 221 Burwood Highway, Melbourne, Victoria 3125, - - 2014
To review the available literature on accountability frameworks to construct a framework that is relevant to voluntary partnerships between government and food industry stakeholders. Between November 2012 and May 2013, a desk review of ten databases was conducted to identify principles, conceptual frameworks, underlying theories, and strengths and limitations of ...
Hillier-Brown Frances C - - 2014
Eating out of the home has been associated with higher intakes of energy and fat and lower micronutrient intakes, as well as the development of obesity. Out-of-home food outlets (OHFOs) and the foods obtained from these outlets are an ideal target for interventions to improve diet and tackle obesity. This ...
McKee Heather C HC School of Sport and Exercise Sciences, University of Birmingham, Edgbaston, B15 2TT, UK, - - 2014
The aim of this study is to investigate the factors related to dietary lapse occurrence in a community sample of dieters. An ecological momentary assessment (EMA) methodology, via mobile phone-based diaries, was employed to record dietary lapse occurrences in a group of dieters (N = 80; M age  = 41.21 ± 15.60 years; M BMI = 30.78 ± 7.26) over ...
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