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Ducrotoy Marie J MJ Division of Pathway Medicine and Centre for Infectious Diseases, School of Biomedical Sciences, College of Medicine and Veterinary Medicine, The University of Edinburgh, Chancellor's Building, Edinburgh, United - - 2014
Nigeria is the most populous country in Africa, has a large proportion of the world's poor livestock keepers, and is a hotspot for neglected zoonoses. A review of the 127 accessible publications on brucellosis in Nigeria reveals only scant and fragmented evidence on its spatial and temporal distribution in different ...
Scully Paul P The Children's Ark, University Hospital Limerick, Limerick, - - 2014
Increased time in which children spend watching television is a well-described contributor to paediatric obesity. This study investigated the frequency and type of food and beverage placement in children-specific television broadcasts and compared data from UK (UK) and Irish television stations. Content analysis, totalling 82.5 h, reflecting 5 weekdays of children-specific television ...
Barbosa-Cánovas Gustavo V GV Center for Nonthermal Processing of Food, Washington State University, Pullman, WA 99163, United States. Electronic address: - - 2014
Conventional thermal processes have been very reliable in offering safe sterilized meat products, but some of those products are of questionable overall quality. Flavor, aroma, and texture, among other attributes, are significantly affected during such processes. To improve those quality attributes, alternative approaches to sterilizing meat and meat products have ...
Stavert J R JR School of Biological Sciences, University of Auckland, Private Bag 92019, Auckland, 1142, New Zealand, - - 2014
Globally, dung beetles (Scarabaeidae: Scarabaeinae) are linked to many critical ecosystem processes involving the consumption and breakdown of mammal dung. Endemic New Zealand dung beetles (Canthonini) are an anomaly, occurring at high abundance and low diversity on an island archipelago historically lacking terrestrial mammals, except bats, and instead dominated by ...
Alcaraz-Iborra Manuel M Departamento de Neurociencia y Ciencias de la Salud, Universidad de Almería, Almería, 04120, - - 2014
The orexin (OX) system has been implicated in food reinforced behaviour, food-seeking and food overconsumption. Recent evidence suggests that OX signaling might influence consumption of palatable foods with high reinforcing value depending upon the caloric status of the animal. The present study evaluates from a pharmacological and a molecular approach ...
Tosca Maria Angela MA Pulmonary Disease and Allergy Unit, Istituto Giannina Gaslini, Genoa, - - 2014
Hen's egg allergy (HEA) accounts for most of the diagnosed allergy to foods, mainly in the first years of life, as its prevalence ranges between 1.6-8% (1). Thus, HEA represents a relevant issue for the pediatrician. Moreover, HEA can cause severe anaphylaxis (2). HEA management is based essentially on strict ...
Realini Carolina E CE IRTA, Monells, Finca Camps i Armet E-17121, Food Technology Department, Monells, Girona, - - 2014
Active and intelligent packaging systems are continuously evolving in response to growing challenges from a modern society. This article reviews: (1) the different categories of active and intelligent packaging concepts and currently available commercial applications, (2) latest packaging research trends and innovations, and (3) the growth perspectives of the active ...
Fu Xiaping X a College of Biosystems Engineering and Food Science , Zhejiang University , P. R. - - 2014
In recent years, due to the increasing consciousness of food safety and human health, much progress has been made in developing rapid and nondestructive techniques for the evaluation of food hazards, food authentication and traceability. Near infrared (NIR) spectroscopy and imaging techniques have gained wide acceptance in many fields because ...
McAllan B M BM *Department of Physiology, School of Medical Sciences and Bosch Institute, The University of Sydney, Sydney, New South Wales 2006, Australia; Centre for Behavioural and Physiological Ecology, Department of Zoology, University of New England, Armidale, New South Wales 2351, Australia*Department of Physiology, School of Medical Sciences and Bosch Institute, The University of Sydney, Sydney, New South Wales 2006, Australia; Centre for Behavioural and Physiological Ecology, Department of Zoology, University of New England, Armidale, New South Wales 2351, - - 2014
Torpor and reproduction in mammals and birds are widely viewed as mutually exclusive processes because of opposing energetic and hormonal demands. However, the reported number of heterothermic species that express torpor during reproduction is ever increasing, to some extent because of recent work on free-ranging animals. We summarize current knowledge ...
Gorissen Marnix M Department of Animal Physiology , Institute for Water and Wetland Research, Radboud University Nijmegen, Heyendaalseweg 135, 6525AJ, Nijmegen, The Netherlands. Electronic address: - - 2014
Teleostean leptin was first cloned in 2005, more than a decade after the discovery of mammalian leptin. The reason for this delay lies in the very poor primary sequence conservation (∼13-25%) between mammalian and fish leptins. These low sequence conservations indicate a high degree of molecular evolvability and warrant a ...
Barański Marcin M School of Agriculture, Food and Rural Development, Newcastle University,Nafferton Farm, Stocksfield,Northumberland,NE43 - - 2014
Demand for organic foods is partially driven by consumers' perceptions that they are more nutritious. However, scientific opinion is divided on whether there are significant nutritional differences between organic and non-organic foods, and two recent reviews have concluded that there are no differences. In the present study, we carried out ...
Choi Hojoon H Jack J. Valenti School of Communication, University of Houston, 101 Communications Building, Houston, TX 77204-3302, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
Considerable knowledge on food advertising has been generated by research on consumers' psychological reactions to food advertising messaging using either students or nonstudents as subjects. Building on past research, this article investigates the methodological question of whether students are appropriate surrogates for nonstudents in food advertising studies. Following exposure to ...
Syed Jabir Hussain JH State Key Laboratory of Organic Geochemistry, Guangzhou Institute of Geochemistry, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Guangzhou, 510640, - - 2014
The main objective of the review is to document, assess and analyze the results of the previously reported data on levels of different pesticides in selected fruits and vegetables from Pakistan. The findings of the previous studies clearly indicated that more than 50 % of the samples were contaminated with organophosphate, ...
Marques Emanuele S ES 1Institute of Social Medicine,Rio de Janeiro State University (UERJ),Rua Francisco Xavier 524,7º andar - bloco D,CEP: 20550-900,Maracanã,Rio de - - 2014
To conduct a systematic review aimed at identifying and characterizing the experience-based household food security scales and to synthesize their psychometric properties. Search in the MEDLINE, LILACS and SciELO databases, using the descriptors ('food insecurity' OR 'food security') AND ('questionnaires' OR 'scales' OR 'validity' OR 'reliability'). There was no limitation ...
Friedl Karl E KE Division of Nutrition Research Coordination, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD. Electronic address: - - 2014
This report summarizes an EU-US Task Force on Biotechnology Research symposium on healthy food choices and nutrition-related purchasing behaviors. This meeting was unique in its transdisciplinary approach to obesity and in bringing together scientists from academia, government, and industry. Discussion relevant to funders and researchers centered on (1) increased use ...
Medeiros Maria Franco - - 2014
This article reports historical ethnobotany research conducted from a study of the work Historia Naturalis Brasiliae (Natural History of Brazil), authored by Piso and Marcgrave and published in 1648, with main focus on Caatinga of northeast region of Brazil. Focusing the content analysis on the section dedicated to plant species ...
Engel Jörgen A JA Department of Pharmacology, Institute of Neuroscience and Physiology, The Sahlgrenska Academy at the University of Gothenburg, POB 431, 405 30, Gothenburg, - - 2014
Food intake and appetite are regulated by various circulating hormones including ghrelin and glucagon-like-peptide 1 (GLP-1). Ghrelin, mainly released from the stomach, increases food intake, induces appetite, enhances adiposity as well as releases growth hormone. Hypothalamic "ghrelin receptors" (GHS-R1A) have a critical role in food intake regulation, but GHS-R1A are ...
Buono Silvia S CRIAcq, University of Naples Federico II, Parco Gussone Ed 77, 80055 Portici, Italy. - - 2014
A wide variety of natural sources are under investigation to evaluate their possible use for new functional ingredient formulation. Some records attested the traditional and ancient use of wild harvested microalgae as human food but their cultivation for different purposes started about 40 years ago. The most popular species are ...
Barrios Arantza A Cell and Developmental Biology Department University College London University St, London WC1E 6DE. Electronic address: - - 2014
The ability to generate behavioral plasticity according to ever-changing physiological demands and environmental conditions is a universal feature of decision-making circuits in all animals. Decision-making requires complex integration of internal states with sensory context. As a mate searching strategy, the C. elegans male modifies his exploratory behavior in relation to a source of food according to recent sensory ...
Feagan Brian G BG Robarts Clinical Trials Inc., Western University, 100 Perth Drive, London, ON, N6A 5K8, Canada. Electronic address: - - 2014
A biosimilar is intended to be highly similar to a reference biologic such that any differences in quality attributes (i.e., molecular characteristics) do not affect safety or efficacy. Achieving this benchmark for biologics, especially large glycoproteins such as monoclonal antibodies, is challenging given their complex structure and manufacturing. Regulatory guidance ...
Miller Luke P LP Department of Marine and Environmental Sciences and the Marine Science Center, Northeastern University, 430 Nahant Road, Nahant, MA, 01908, - - 2014
Predators are a major source of stress in natural systems because their prey must balance the benefits of feeding with the risk of being eaten. Although this 'fear' of being eaten often drives the organization and dynamics of many natural systems, we know little about how such risk effects will ...
Morais Sergi S Universidad Politécnica de Valencia, Camino de Vera, s/n, 46022 Valencia, - - 2014
This editorial comments on the balance and perspectives of compact disk technology applied to molecular diagnostics. The development of sensitive, rapid and multiplex assays using Blu-ray technology for the determination of biomarkers, drug allergens, pathogens and detection of infections would have a direct impact on diagnostics. Effective tests for use ...
Steele Robert R a Discipline of Health Informatics The University of Sydney , Sydney , NSW , 2000 , Australia +61 2 9036 7368 , - - 2014
ABSTRACT Significant benefits arise from being able to capture dietary or nutritional intake information automatically or semi-automatically. These include the ability for individuals to know and understand their nutritional intake and hence improve their diet and health. To date, only highly manual processes such as 24 hour recall, food diaries and ...
Aberman Noora-Lisa NL Development Strategy and Governance Division, International Food Policy Research Institute, Lilongwe, - - 2014
The number of people receiving antiretroviral therapy in developing countries has increased dramatically. The last decade has brought an increased understanding of the interconnectedness between HIV/AIDS, food insecurity, and undernutrition and a surge of evidence on how to address the food security and nutrition dimensions of the epidemic. We review ...
Tucker Corrina A CA Massey University, Palmerston North, New Zealand. Electronic address: - - 2014
Reducing meat (over-)consumption as a way to help address environmental deterioration will require a range of strategies, and any such strategies will benefit from understanding how individuals might respond to various meat consumption practices. To investigate how New Zealanders perceive such a range of practices, in this instance in vitro ...
Dunkel Andreas A Chair of Food Chemistry and Molecular Sensory Science, Technische Universität München, Lise-Meitnerstrasse 34, 85354 Freising-Weihenstephan - - 2014
The biocatalytic production of flavor naturals that determine chemosensory percepts of foods and beverages is an ever challenging target for academic and industrial research. Advances in chemical trace analysis and post-genomic progress at the chemistry-biology interface revealed odor qualities of nature's chemosensory entities to be defined by odorant-induced olfactory receptor ...
Peniamina Rana Lori RL University of Otago, Dunedin, New - - 2014
Food allergies are a growing issue, yet society's understanding of how individuals' lives are affected is limited. We conducted four focus groups with food-allergic adults in New Zealand to gain an in-depth understanding of the issues that impacted their quality of life. Key themes identified included allergen-free eating issues, health ...
Yates-Doerr Emily E Amsterdam Institute for Social Science Research, University of Amsterdam, Kloveniersburgwal 48, 1012 CX Amsterdam, The Netherlands. Electronic address: - - 2014
Scientists in the Netherlands are cultivating edible insects to address concerns of international food security. Committed to the One World, One Health (OWOH) movement, their research aims to create a safe and effective global solution to the conjoined problems of climate change and an increasing worldwide demand for protein. Their ...
Jager Gerry G Division of Human Nutrition, Wageningen University,Wageningen,The - - 2014
Mounting evidence substantiates the central role of the endocannabinoid system (ECS) in the modulation of both homeostatic and hedonic elements of appetite and food intake. Conversely, feeding status and dietary patterns directly influence activity of the ECS. Following a general introduction on the functioning of the ECS, the present review ...
Vecchio Maria Gabriella MG ZETA Research Ltd, Trieste, - - 2014
Nowadays India is undergoing an impressive economic growth accompanied by a very slow decline, almost stagnation, in malnutrition levels. In developing countries, studies on dietary patterns and their relationship with nutritional status are scarce. Over the years some nutritional studies have been performed to explore different types of food consumed ...
Mirmiran Parvin P Parvin Mirmiran, Department of Clinical Nutrition and Dietetics, Faculty of Nutrition Sciences and Food Technology, National Nutrition and Food Technology Research Institute, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran 19395-4763, - - 2014
Type 2 diabetes is a complicated metabolic disorder with both short- and long-term undesirable complications. In recent years, there has been growing evidence that functional foods and their bioactive compounds, due to their biological properties, may be used as complementary treatment for type 2 diabetes mellitus. In this review, we ...
Hussain Abid - - 2014
Damage of arthropod pests is one of the most serious threat to the world economy. A variety of methods have been used for their control. The need for the use of biological control agents rise due to the pesticide resistance, food safety concerns and environmental awareness. The use of entomopathogenic ...
van der Zanden Lotte D T LD Marketing and Consumer Behaviour Group, Department of Social Sciences, Wageningen University,Hollandseweg 1,6706KNWageningen,The - - 2014
It is beneficial for both the public health community and the food industry to meet nutritional needs of elderly consumers through product formats that they want. The heterogeneity of the elderly market poses a challenge, however, and calls for market segmentation. Although many researchers have proposed ways to segment the ...
Estimé Michelle Sahal - - 2014
Noncommunicable diseases are a health and development challenge. Pacific Island countries are heavily affected by NCDs, with diabetes and obesity rates among the highest in the world. Trade is one of multiple structural drivers of NCDs in the Pacific, but country-level data linking trade, diets and NCD risk factors are ...
Wilfried Ebang Ella Ghislain EE Masuku University (USTM), B.P. 13354, Franceville, - - 2014
We report our recent findings on the use of tool sets by chimpanzees in Moukalaba-Doudou National Park, Gabon. Direct observations and evidences left by chimpanzees showed that chimpanzees used sticks as pounders, enlargers, and collectors to extract honey from beehives of stingless bees (Meliponula sp.), which may correspond to those ...
Smyth Stuart S Department of Bioresource Policy, Business, and Economics; University of Saskatchewan; Saskatoon, SK - - 2014
The global regulation of products of biotechnology is increasingly divided. Regulatory decisions for genetically modified (GM) crops in North America are predictable and efficient, with numerous countries in Latin and South America, Australia and Asia following this lead. While it might have been possible to argue that Europe's regulations were ...
Sun Na N College of Food Science and Nutritional Engineering, China Agricultural University , Beijing , PR China - - 2014
Abstract Food allergy is an important public health problem that affects an estimated 8% of young children and 2% of adults. With an increasing interest in genetically-engineered foods, there is a growing need for development of sensitive and specific tests to evaluate potential allergenicity of foods and novel proteins as ...
Zaheer Khalid K a Guelph Food Research Centre, Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada , Guelph , Ontario , Canada , N1G - - 2014
ABSTRACT Potato is an economically important staple crop prevailing all across the world with successful large scale production, consumption and affordability with easy availability in the open market. Potatoes provide basic nutrients such as - carbohydrates, dietary fibre (skin), several vitamins and minerals (e.g. potassium, magnesium, iron). On occasion exposures ...
Johnson Donna B - - 2014
Policies that improve access to healthy, affordable foods may improve population health and reduce health disparities. In the United States most food access policy research focuses on urban communities even though residents of rural communities face disproportionately higher risk for nutrition-related chronic diseases compared to residents of urban communities. The ...
Abu-Reidah Ibrahim M IM Biodiversity & Environmental Research Center (BERC), Til, Nablus POB 696, Palestine; Department of Analytical Chemistry, Faculty of Sciences, University of Granada, Avda. Fuentenueva, 18071 Granada, Spain; Functional Food Research and Development Centre (CIDAF), PTS Granada, Avda. del Conocimiento, Edificio Bioregión, 18016 Granada, - - 2015
Rhus coriaria L. (sumac) is an important crop widely used in the Mediterranean basin as a food spice, and also in folk medicine, due to its health-promoting properties. Phytochemicals present in plant foods are in part responsible for these consequent health benefits. Nevertheless, detailed information on these bioactive compounds is ...
Cronise Raymond J RJ 1 Thermogenex , Huntsville, - - 2014
Abstract The concept of the "Calorie" originated in the 1800s in an environment with limited food availability, primarily as a means to define economic equivalencies in the energy density of food substrates. Soon thereafter, the energy densities of the major macronutrients-fat, protein, and carbohydrates-were defined. However, within a few decades ...
Urman Bulent B Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, American Hospital, Istanbul, - - 2014
Food and drug supplements (FDS) are extensively used by infertile couples either to supplement medical infertility treatment and assisted conception or as a means to independently improve conception rates. The majority of FDS are composed of antioxidants that are used for male and female infertility. Their use, despite being biologically ...
Siebeck Ulrike E UE School of Biomedical Sciences, The University of Queensland, Brisbane, - - 2014
The larval stages of most marine fishes spend days to weeks in the pelagic environment, where they must find food and avoid predators in order to survive. Some fish only spend part of their life history in the pelagic environment before returning to their adult habitat, for example, a coral ...
Tan Sze Yen SY From the Department of Nutrition Science, Purdue University, West Lafayette, - - 2014
Tree nuts and peanuts are good sources of many nutrients and antioxidants, but they are also energy dense. The latter often limits intake because of concerns about their possible contribution to positive energy balance. However, evidence to date suggests that nuts are not associated with predicted weight gain. This is ...
Glowacz Marcin M Natural Resources Institute, University of Greenwich, Chatham, ME4 4 TB, United - - 2014
Fresh produce has been recognised as a healthy food, thus there is increasing consumer demand for fresh fruit and vegetables. Their shelf-life, however, is relatively short and is limited by microbial contamination or visual, textural and nutritional quality loss. There are many methods to reduce/eliminate microorganisms present in food and ...
Flodrová Dana D Institute of Analytical Chemistry of the Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic, v. v. i., Veveří 97, Brno, 602 00, Czech - - 2014
Within last years, the occurrence of food allergens and corresponding food allergies has been increasing; therefore a research of individual allergens is required. In presented work, the effect of cereal processing on amount of allergenic proteins is studied by modern proteomic-based approach. The most important wheat and barley allergens are ...
Lozada Mariana M Laboratory Ecotono-INIBIOMA, Quintral 1250-(8400), Bariloche, Argentina. Electronic address: - - 2014
In this paper we review several studies on V. germanica behavioral plasticity while relocating a food source in natural environments. This exotic social wasp, which has become established in many parts of the world, displays diverse cognitive abilities when foraging. Given its successful invasiveness worldwide, our initial hypothesis was that ...
Muraro A A Department of Mother and Child Health, The Referral Centre for Food Allergy Diagnosis and Treatment Veneto Region, University of Padua, Padua, - - 2014
Food allergy can result in considerable morbidity, impact negatively on quality of life, and prove costly in terms of medical care. These guidelines have been prepared by the European Academy of Allergy and Clinical Immunology's (EAACI) Guidelines for Food Allergy and Anaphylaxis Group, building on previous EAACI position papers on ...
Skieresz-Szewczyk Kinga K Department of Histology and Animal Embryology, Poznan University of Life Sciences, Wojska Polskiego 71C, 60-625, Poznań, - - 2014
The tongue in domestic duck, as in other Anseriformes, is characterized by wide variety of shape and mechanical papillae and they fulfill different function during food collection. The present work aims to describe morphological features of the tongue as well as the pace formation of the mechanical papillae during embryonic ...
Winkler Jt J Former Professor of Nutrition Policy, London Metropolitan University, London, UK - - 2014
Deficiencies in DHA/EPA are widespread, but not widely recognised. The scale of the problem is difficult to assess, because targets for consumption vary and intakes are poorly measured, but most people in most countries eat too little. The principal policies to correct the shortfalls have been educational programmes urging people ...
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