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Wu Felicia F Department of Food Science and Human Nutrition, Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI 48824; email: - - 2014
Mycotoxins are toxic and carcinogenic metabolites produced by fungi that colonize food crops. The most agriculturally important mycotoxins known today are aflatoxins, which cause liver cancer and have also been implicated in child growth impairment and acute toxicoses; fumonisins, which have been associated with esophageal cancer (EC) and neural tube ...
Kentish Sandra S Department of Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering, University of Melbourne, Victoria 3010 Australia; email: - - 2014
Acoustic energy as a form of physical energy has drawn the interests of both industry and scientific communities for its potential use as a food processing and preservation tool. Currently, most such applications deal with ultrasonic waves with relatively high intensities and acoustic power densities and are performed mostly in ...
Haselmair Ruth - - 2014
Investigations into knowledge about food and medicinal plants in a certain geographic area or within a specific group are an important element of ethnobotanical research. This knowledge is context specific and dynamic due to changing ecological, social and economic circumstances. Migration processes affect food habits and the knowledge and use ...
Russell David A M DA a Sustainable Business Innovation , CH-8854 Siebnen , - - 2014
Packaging has an increasingly essential role to play in preserving the value invested in products by ensuring that they can deliver their designed service with minimum wastage. Food contact materials that deliver more units of service with increasingly fewer inputs of energy and materials, and increasingly fewer negative social, economic ...
Patton-López Megan M MM Benton County Health Services, Corvallis, OR. Electronic address: - - 2014
To examine the prevalence and identify correlates of food insecurity among students attending a rural university in Oregon. Cross-sectional nonprobability survey of 354 students attending a midsize rural university in Oregon during May, 2011. The main outcome was food insecurity measured using the US Department of Agriculture Household Food Security ...
Humphrey Louise T LT Department of Earth Sciences, The Natural History Museum, London SW7 5BD, United - - 2014
Dental caries is an infectious disease that causes tooth decay. The high prevalence of dental caries in recent humans is attributed to more frequent consumption of plant foods rich in fermentable carbohydrates in food-producing societies. The transition from hunting and gathering to food production is associated with a change in ...
Cochrane B B Human Nutrition, School of Medicine, College of Medicine, Veterinary and Life Sciences, University of Glasgow, Royal Hospital for Sick Children, Glasgow, - - 2014
There is scarce evidence available with respect to an evaluation of the role of low protein staple foods (LPSF) in the management of phenylketonuria (PKU). The present study explored beliefs, acceptability and issues around the use of LPSF by people with PKU or their carers. A semi-anonymous questionnaire was posted ...
Chao Ariana A Yale School of Nursing, Yale University, New Haven, - - 2014
The purpose of this paper is to provide an analysis of the concept of binge eating in obese adolescents. Rodgers' evolutionary approach was used to frame this analysis. A search was conducted within the Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature, Medline, and PsycINFO for publications between 1980 and ...
Adapa Vijayanand V Department of Biotechnology, Acharya Nagarjuna University, Nagarjuna Nagar, Guntur, 522510, Andra Pradesh, - - 2014
Pectinase has been an integral part of commercial food processing, where it is used for degradation of pectin and facilitates different processing steps such as liquefaction, clarification and juice extraction. The industry currently uses pectinases from mesophilic or thermophilic microorganisms which are well established, but recently, there has been is ...
Selway Nichola N School of Chemical Engineering, The University of Queensland, Brisbane, QLD 4072, - - 2014
Foods are rationally designed to be semifluids or soft solids for optimal stabilization of the multiple phases they contain and to provide favorable textural properties. Although rheology provides a guide to physical stability and initial texture perception, measurements on intact foods do not enable predictions of the organoleptic properties experienced ...
Borel T T Department of Biological and Agricultural Engineering, LSU Agricultural Center, Louisiana State University, Baton Rouge, LA - - 2014
Food bioactives are known to prevent aging, cancer, and other diseases for an overall improved health of the consumer. Nanodelivery provides a means to control stability, solubility, and bioavailability, and also provides controlled release of food bioactives. There are two main types of nanodelivery systems, liquid and solid. Liquid nanodelivery ...
White Brittany L BL Market Quality and Handling Research Unit, Agricultural Resarch Service, US Department of Agriculture, North Carolina State University, Raleigh, NC 27695; email: - - 2014
Peanut (Arachis hypogaea L.) is an important crop grown worldwide for food and edible oil. The surge of peanut allergy in the past 25 years has profoundly impacted both affected individuals and the peanut and related food industries. In response, several strategies to mitigate peanut allergy have emerged to reduce/eliminate ...
Norton Jennifer E JE School of Chemical Engineering, University of Birmingham, Birmingham, B15 2TT United Kingdom; email: - - 2014
In addition to providing specific sensory properties (e.g., flavor or textures), there is a need to produce foods that also provide functionality within the gastrointestinal (GI) tract, over and above simple nutrition. As such, there is a need to understand the physical and chemical processes occurring in the mouth, stomach, ...
Costa Joana J REQUIMTE, Departamento de Ciências Químicas, Faculdade de Farmácia, Universidade do Porto, - - 2014
Food-induced allergies have been regarded as an emergent problem of public health. Classified as important allergenic ingredients, the presence of walnut and other nuts as hidden allergens in processed foods constitute a risk for sensitised individuals, being a real problem of allergen management. Attending to the increasing importance dedicated to ...
Serra-Majem Lluís L Research Institute of Biomedical and Health Sciences. University of Las Palmas de Gran Canaria. Spain. Nutrition Research Foundation-FIN. Barcelona Science Park. Barcelona. Spain. Ciber Obn Physiopathology of Obesity and Nutrition. Institute of Health "Carlos III". Madrid. Spain.. - - 2014
Multidisciplinary experts in the areas of nutrition and health met in Chinchón, Madrid, on November 25-26, 2013 under the auspices of the Fundación para la Investigación Nutricional (Nutrition Research Foundation) and with the collaboration of the Madrid Regional Government's Health Ministry, the International Sweeteners Association and the Carlos III Health ...
Murakami Masashi M Community Ecology Lab., Faculty of Science, Chiba University, Chiba, 263-8522, - - 2014
Radionuclides, including (137)Cs, were released from the disabled Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant and had been deposited broadly over forested areas of north-eastern Honshu Island, Japan. In the forest, (137)Cs was highly concentrated on leaf litters deposited in autumn 2010, before the accident. Monitoring of the distribution of (137)Cs among ...
Jensen Kasper K Center for Biological Sequence Analysis, Department of Systems Biology, Technical University of Denmark, Kemitorvet, Lyngby, - - 2014
Awareness that disease susceptibility is not only dependent on genetic make up, but can be affected by lifestyle decisions, has brought more attention to the role of diet. However, food is often treated as a black box, or the focus is limited to few, well-studied compounds, such as polyphenols, lipids ...
Fröcklin Sara S Department of Ecology, Environment and Plant Sciences, Stockholm University, Stockholm, - - 2014
Invertebrate harvesting is an important livelihood in tropical settings providing income and food for numerous populations throughout the world. However, the lack of research, policy and management directed towards this livelihood hinders the analysis of time trends to evaluate invertebrate resources status. Another missing aspect is the consideration of gender ...
G Ritu R Charak Foundation, P.O. Box 3547, Cerritos, CA 90703, - - 2014
Vitamin D deficiency prevails in epidemic proportions all over the Indian subcontinent, with a prevalence of 70%-100% in the general population. In India, widely consumed food items such as dairy products are rarely fortified with vitamin D. Indian socioreligious and cultural practices do not facilitate adequate sun exposure, thereby negating ...
Kumar Sasidharan Nishanth SN Division of Crop Protection/Division of Crop Utilization, Central Tuber Crops Research Institute, Sreekariyam, Thiruvananthapuram, - - 2014
The rhabditid entomopathogenic nematode associated Bacillus cereus and the antifungal compounds produced by this bacterium were evaluated for their activity in reducing postharvest decay of peanut kernels caused by Aspergillus species in in vitro and in vivo tests. The results showed that B. cereus had a significant effect on biocontrol ...
McLennan Matthew R MR Anthropology Centre for Conservation, Environment and Development, Oxford Brookes University, Oxford, United - - 2014
The ability of wild animals to respond flexibly to anthropogenic environmental changes, including agriculture, is critical to survival in human-impacted habitats. Understanding use of human foods by wildlife can shed light on the acquisition of novel feeding habits and how animals respond to human-driven land-use changes. Little attention has focused ...
Keller Heather H HH a Department of Kinesiology , University of Waterloo , Waterloo , Ontario , - - 2014
Twelve focus groups were conducted in five sites with 80 allied health providers to identify their perspectives on providing pureed food to consumers. Thematic care analysis was completed to summarize and interpret these data. Providers' greatest concern was keeping consumers safe, and the right texture was prioritized over sensory appeal ...
Read Tyffen C TC Laboratory of Marine Biology and Ecology, Aquarium des Lagons, Noumea, New Caledonia; Griffith Centre for Coastal Management, Griffith University Gold Coast campus, Queensland, - - 2014
Marine megafauna tend to migrate vast distances, often crossing national borders and pose a significant challenge to managers. This challenge is particularly acute in the Pacific, which contains numerous small island nations and thousands of kilometers of continental margins. The green sea turtle, Chelonia mydas, is one such megafauna that ...
Iorio Osvaldo Di OD Entomología. Departamento de Biodiversidad y Biología Experimental. Facultad de Ciencias Exactas y Naturales. 4º Piso, Pabellón II, Ciudad Universitaria C1428EHA, Buenos Aires, Argentina.; Email: - - 2014
A compilation of the known natural history of adult Cetoniinae (Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae) from Argentina and adjacent countries is provided. Food items of adult Cetoniinae include pollen and/or nectar (flower visitors), sap and/or slime flux, ripened fruits on plants, green tissues and leaves, and honey. Of the 36 species of Cetoniinae ...
Valdés Arantzazu A Department of Analytical Chemistry, Nutrition and Food Sciences, University of Alicante Alicante, - - 2014
The main directions in food packaging research are targeted toward improvements in food quality and food safety. For this purpose, food packaging providing longer product shelf-life, as well as the monitoring of safety and quality based upon international standards, is desirable. New active packaging strategies represent a key area of ...
Doué Ginette G Laboratoire de Biotechnologies, Filière Biochimie-Microbiologie, Unité de Formation et de Recherche en Biosciences, Université Félix Houphouët-Boigny, 22 BP 582 Abidjan 22, Abidjan, Cocody, Côte - - 2014
The enzymatic and acid hydrolysis have converted eight new starches into a range of chain lengths mainly including glucose, maltose, and maltodextrins as observed on TLC plates, irrespective to the starch variety and treatment. Results of the enzymatic hydrolysis have highlighted the possibility of the use of V4 and V64, ...
Love David C DC Johns Hopkins Center for a Livable Future, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, Maryland, United States of America; Department of Environmental Health Sciences, Bloomberg School of Public Health, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, Maryland, United States of - - 2014
Aquaponics, a combination of fish farming and soilless plant farming, is growing in popularity and gaining attention as an important and potentially more sustainable method of food production. The aim of this study was to document and analyze the production methods, experiences, motivations, and demographics of aquaponics practitioners in the ...
Mannion Cynthia A CA Faculty of Nursing, University of Calgary, Calgary, Alberta, - - 2014
Refugees experience dietary changes as part of the daily challenges they face resettling in a new country. Sudanese women seek to care and feed their families, but face language barriers in the marketplace, limited access to familiar foods, and forced new food choices. This study aimed to understand the acceptability ...
Ilhamto Nila N a Elmira Pet Products , Elmira , Ontario , - - 2014
Texture modification of foods to a pureed consistency is a common management approach for older adults with dysphagia. Long-term care (LTC) facilities commonly produce some pureed food in-house. This study investigated challenges and preferred practices associated with the production of pureed food in LTC facilities. Nutrition Managers (n = 27) and cooks ...
Ahmed Abdul Bakrudeen Ali AB Institute of Biological Sciences, Faculty of Science, University of Malaya, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. Electronic address: - - 2014
Marine carbohydrates are most important organic molecules made by photosynthetic organisms. It is very essential for humankind: the role in being an energy source for the organism and they are considered as an important dissolve organic compound (DOC) in marine environment's sediments. Carbohydrates found in different marine environments in different ...
Knox Robert V - - 2014
Reproductive technologies have dramatically changed the way pigs are raised for pork production in developed and developing countries. This has involved such areas as pigs produced/sow, more consistent pig flow to market, pig growth rate and feed efficiency, carcass yield and quality, labor efficiency, and pig health. Some reproductive technologies ...
Brenes Juan C JC Institute for Psychological Research, University of Costa Rica, Rodrigo Facio Campus, San Pedro, Costa Rica; Neuroscience Research Center, University of Costa Rica, Rodrigo Facio Campus, San Pedro, Costa Rica; Behavioral Neuroscience, Experimental and Biological Psychology, Philipps-University of Marburg, Marburg, - - 2014
During Pavlovian incentive learning, the affective properties of rewards are thought to be transferred to their predicting cues. However, how rewards are represented emotionally in animals is widely unknown. This study sought to determine whether 50-kHz ultrasonic vocalizations (USVs) in rats may signal such a state of incentive motivation to ...
Wagner Martin M Department for Farm Animals and Veterinary Public Health, Institute for Milk Hygiene, -Technology and Food Science, University of Veterinary Medicine Vienna, Veterinärplatz 1, 1210, Vienna, Austria, - - 2014
The Listeria monitoring program for Austrian cheese factories was established in 1988. The basic idea is to control the introduction of L. monocytogenes into the food processing environment, preventing the pathogen from contaminating the food under processing. The Austrian Listeria monitoring program comprises four levels of investigation, dealing with routine ...
Hansen Peter J - - 2014
Reproduction in domestic animals is under control by man and the technologies developed to facilitate that control have a major impact on the efficiency of food production. Reproduction is an energy-intensive process. In beef cattle, for example, over 50 % of the total feed consumption required to produce a unit ...
Zhai F Y FY Chinese Nutrition Society, Beijing, - - 2014
China's food consumption patterns and eating and cooking behaviours changed dramatically between 1991 and 2011. Macronutrient composition has shifted towards fats, and protein and sodium intakes remain high and potassium intake low. The rapid decline in intake of coarse grains and, later, of refined grains and increases in intake of ...
Kirkpatrick Sharon I SI School of Public Health and Health Systems, University of Waterloo, Waterloo, Ontario, Canada; Division of Cancer Control and Population Sciences, National Cancer Institute, Bethesda, Maryland. Electronic address: - - 2014
The existing evidence on food environments and diet is inconsistent, potentially because of heterogeneity in measures used to assess diet. The objective of this review, conducted in 2012-2013, was to examine measures of dietary intake utilized in food environment research. Included studies were published from January 2007 through June 2012 ...
Khan Avik - - 2014
Global environmental concern, regarding the use of petroleum-based packaging materials, is encouraging researchers and industries in the search for packaging materials from natural biopolymers. Bioactive packaging is gaining more and more interest not only due to its environment friendly nature but also due to its potential to improve food quality ...
Tarakji Ahmad Raed AR King Saud University, and King Khalid University - - 2014
We conducted a group interview with five hemodialysis patients of Acadian descent. Our purpose was to learn about their intakes of Acadian foods so we could tailor our advice for other Acadian patients receiving hemodialysis. This approach builds on evidence that addressing cultural aspects of food choice and aligning dietary ...
Paul Amy A Department of Health Policy and Management, Johns Hopkins School of Public Health, Baltimore, Maryland, - - 2014
Decades of civil conflict compound the challenges of food insecurity in South Sudan and contribute to persistent, high levels of child malnutrition. As efforts to prevent child malnutrition continue, there is a critical need for strategies that effectively supplement the diets of pregnant women and young children in transitional, highly ...
Sánchez-Ortega Irais I DIPA, PROPAC, Facultad de Química, Universidad Autónoma de Querétaro, 76010 Querétaro, QRO, Mexico ; Área Académica de Química, Instituto de Ciencias Básicas e Ingeniería, Universidad Autónoma del Estado de Hidalgo, Ciudad del Conocimiento, Carr. Pachuca-Tulancingo Km 4.5 Col Carboneras, 42184 Mineral de la Reforma, HGO, - - 2014
Animal origin foods are widely distributed and consumed around the world due to their high nutrients availability but may also provide a suitable environment for growth of pathogenic and spoilage microorganisms. Nowadays consumers demand high quality food with an extended shelf life without chemical additives. Edible films and coatings (EFC) ...
Levings Jessica Lee JL Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Division for Heart Disease and Stroke Prevention, MS K-72, 4770 Buford Highway, Chamblee, GA 30341. E-mail: - - 2014
Restaurant foods can be a substantial source of sodium in the American diet. According to the Institute of Medicine, the significant contribution made by restaurants and food service menu items to Americans' sodium intake warrants targeted attention. Public health practitioners are uniquely poised to support sodium-reduction efforts in restaurants and ...
Cruz-Garcia Gisella S GS a Decision and Policy Analysis Research Area, International Center for Tropical Agriculture , Cali , - - 2014
This article presents the results of a study conducted in Northeast Thailand on wild food plant gathering in anthropogenic areas and the implications for vulnerable households. A sub-sample of 40 farming households was visited every month to conduct seven-day recalls over a 12-month period on wild food plant acquisition events. ...
McClain Scott S Syngenta Crop Protection, LLC, 3054 E, Cornwallis Road, Research Triangle Park, NC, USA. - - 2014
Presented here are emerging capabilities to precisely measure endogenous allergens in soybean and maize, consideration of food matrices on allergens, and proteolytic activity of allergens. Also examined are observations of global allergy surveys and the prevalence of food allergy across different locales. Allergenic potential is considered in the context of ...
Keller Roberto A RA Instituto Gulbenkian de Ciência, Oeiras, - - 2014
The concerted evolution of morphological and behavioral specializations has compelling examples in ant castes. Unique to ants is a marked divergence between winged queens and wingless workers, but morphological specializations for behaviors on the ground have been overlooked. We analyzed thorax morphology of queens and workers in species from 21 ...
Nikolić Marina M Institute for Medical Research, Centre of Research Excellence in Nutrition and Metabolism, University of Belgrade, Tadeuša Košćuška 1, Belgrade 11000, Serbia. - - 2014
The aim of the CHANCE project is to develop novel and affordable nutritious foods to optimize the diet and reduce the risk of diet-related diseases among groups at risk of poverty (ROP). This paper describes the methodology used in the two initial steps to accomplish the project's objective as follows: ...
Antonicelli L L Allergy Unit, Department of Internal Medicine, Azienda Ospedaliero-Universitaria "Ospedali Riuniti" di Ancona, Ancona, Italy. - - 2014
The development of component-resolved diagnostics constitutes a potential breakthrough in food allergy testing, as detection of specific IgE (sIgE) to individual allergens may make it possible to establish the risk of a mild versus severe reaction. To compare allergists' risk assessment based on the current decision making process with that ...
Bast Elizabeth S ES University of Pennsylvania Perelman School of Medicine, Philadelphia, PA 19104, United States - - 2014
This review explores the potential overlap between the fields of nutrition and therapeutic humor, together with the role of humor as a possible tool for aiding those in whom emotions, particularly negative ones, trigger eating as a means to improve mood. We review emotional eating, obesity, and the hypothesized mechanisms ...
Dziuba Bartłomiej B Department of Industrial and Food Microbiology, University of Warmia and Mazury in Olsztyn, - - 2014
Proteins are one of the primary components of the food, both in terms of nutrition and function. They are main source of amino acids, essential for synthesis of proteins, and also source of energy. Additionally, many proteins exhibit specifi c biological activities, which may have effect on functional or pro-health ...
El-Sayed Hanan E M HE Mechanical Engineering Department, National Research Centre, Al Bohooth Station, Dokki, Giza 12622, Egypt ; Civil and Environmental Engineering Department, University of Windsor, 401 Sunset Avenue, Windsor, ON, Canada N9B - - 2014
There is a growing need for the use of low-cost and ecofriendly adsorbents in water/wastewater treatment applications. Conventional adsorbents as well as biosorbents from different natural and agricultural sources have been extensively studied and reviewed. However, there is a lack of reviews on biosorption utilizing industrial wastes, particularly those of ...
Stengel Andreas A Division of General Internal and Psychosomatic Medicine, Charité Center for Internal Medicine and Dermatology, Charité-Universitätsmedizin Berlin Berlin, - - 2014
Early on, corticotropin-releasing factor (CRF), a hallmark brain peptide mediating many components of the stress response, was shown to affect food intake inducing a robust anorexigenic response when injected into the rodent brain. Subsequently, other members of the CRF signaling family have been identified, namely urocortin (Ucn) 1, Ucn 2, ...
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