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Lowe Melanie M McCaughey VicHealth Centre for Community Wellbeing, School of Population and Global Health, University of Melbourne, - - 2014
Objective: To provide an overview of the shared structural causes of obesity and climate change, and analyse policies that could be implemented in Australia to both equitably reduce obesity rates and contribute to mitigating climate change. Methods: Informed by the political economy of health theoretical framework, a review was conducted ...
Vogel Else E Amsterdam Institute of Social Science Research, University of - - 2014
Does healthy eating require people to control themselves and abstain from pleasure? This idea is dominant, but in our studies of dieting in The Netherlands we encountered professionals who work in other ways. They encourage their clients to enjoy their food, as only such joy provides satisfaction and the sense ...
Sanders Mary Ellen ME International Scientific Association for Probiotics and Prebiotics, Centennial, - - 2014
Commercial probiotic strains for food or supplement use can be altered in different ways for a variety of purposes. Production conditions for the strain or final product may be changed to address probiotic yield, functionality, or stability. Final food products may be modified to improve flavor and other sensory properties, ...
Arthur Timothy D TD Department of Biochemistry & Microbiology, Rutgers University, New Brunswick, NJ, - - 2014
Bacteriocins are antimicrobial peptides produced by a variety of bacteria. These peptides can act as antibiotic synergists or alternatives to enhance the therapeutic effects of current infection treatments and decrease the prevalence of resistant strains. Two bacteriocins, namely nisin and pediocin PA-1, are currently being used by the food industry; ...
Jones Stacie M SM Department of Pediatrics, University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences and Arkansas Children's Hospital, Little Rock, Ark. Electronic address: - - 2014
IgE-mediated food allergy is a global health problem that affects millions of persons and affects every aspect of life for the patient. Developing effective treatment strategies to augment current practice standards of strict dietary avoidance of antigens and availability of self-injectable epinephrine has been a major focus of research teams, ...
Davies V F VF Graduate Program in Public Health, Center for Health Sciences at The Federal University of Santa, Santa Catarina, - - 2014
The Consumo Alimentar e Atividade Fisica de Escolares (CAAFE) questionnaire is an online research tool that has been developed to enable the self-report of physical activity and diet by Brazilian schoolchildren aged 7-10 years. Formative research was conducted with nutritionists during the development of the web-based questionnaire. The suggestions and insights ...
Manfreda Gerardo G Department of Agricultural and Food Sciences, Alma Mater Studiorum-University of Bologna, Via del Florio 2, 40064 Ozzano dell'Emilia, Bologna, - - 2014
In 2002, the Regulation (EC) 178 of the European Parliament and of the Council states that, in order to achieve the general objective of a high level of protection of human health and life, food law shall be based on risk analysis. However, the Commission Regulation No 2073/2005 on microbiological ...
Wacker Matthias G MG Fraunhofer-Institute of Molecular Biology and Applied Ecology (IME), Project group for Translational Medicine & Pharmacology (TMP), Department of Pharmaceutical Technology/Nanosciences, Frankfurt/Main, D-60438, - - 2014
Nanomaterials have become part of formulation development in the pharmaceutical industry and offer exciting opportunities in the area of targeted drug delivery. But they may also exert unexpected toxicities and potentially pose a threat to human health and the environment. Since the Scientific Committee on Emerging and Newly Identified Health ...
Incorvaia Cristoforo - - 2014
The diagnosis of food allergy, as assessed by skin tests or in vitro tests with allergen extracts, has insufficient diagnostic performance and needs to be confirmed by food challenges. However, the availability of molecular allergens (recombinant or highly purified) for laboratory methods has profoundly changed the diagnostic approach to food ...
Machado-Schiaffino Gonzalo G Chair of Zoology and Evolutionary Biology, Department of Biology, University of Konstanz, Universitaetsstrasse 10, 78457, Konstanz, - - 2014
The spectacular species richness of cichlids and their diversity in morphology, coloration, and behaviour have made them an ideal model for the study of speciation and adaptive evolution. Hypertrophic lips evolved repeatedly and independently in African and Neotropical cichlid radiations. Cichlids with hypertrophic lips forage predominantly in rocky crevices and ...
Fildes Alison A Health Behaviour Research Centre, Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, University College London, London, United - - 2014
Health professionals identify food provision in the home as a key influence on children's food preferences. In contrast, parents often perceive children's food preferences to be inborn. One explanation for this discrepancy could be that environmental and genetic influences vary by food type. We assessed genetic and environmental contributions to ...
Grauwet Tara T Laboratory of Food Technology, Leuven Food Science and Nutrition Research Center (LFoRCe), Department of Microbial and Molecular Systems (M(2)S), Katholieke Universiteit Leuven, Kasteelpark Arenberg 22 Box 2457, B-3001 Heverlee, - - 2014
Historically, the study of food quality changes during processing, preservation, and storage has evolved from targeted, single-response studies towards studies relying on both targeted and untargeted approaches analyzing multiple responses. In our opinion, future studies should be based on a zoom-in approach in which fingerprinting is used as a multivariate, ...
Roh Sungjong - - 2014
Objective: Amid concern about high rates of obesity and related diseases, the marketing of nutritionally poor foods to young people by the food industry has come under heavy criticism by public health advocates, who cite decades of youth-targeted marketing in arguing for reforms. In light of recent evidence that the ...
Chriqui Jamie F JF Institute for Health Research and Policy, School of Public Health, University of Illinois at Chicago, - - 2014
IMPORTANCE The US Department of Agriculture recently issued an interim final rule governing the sale of foods and beverages sold outside of the school meal programs ("competitive foods and beverages" [CF&Bs]). OBJECTIVE To examine the potential influence that the federal rule may have based on peer-reviewed published studies examining the ...
Fulkerson Jayne A JA School of Nursing, University of Minnesota, United States. Electronic address: - - 2014
Informed and engaged parents and healthful home environments are essential for the health of youth. Although research has shown health benefits associated with family meals, to date, no randomized controlled trial (RCT) has been developed to examine the impact of a family meals intervention on behavioral and health outcomes. Methods/Design ...
Mietlicki-Baase Elizabeth G EG Translational Neuroscience Program, Department of Psychiatry, Perelman School of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
Amylin is a pancreas-derived neuropeptide that acts in the central nervous system (CNS) to reduce food intake. Much of the literature describing the anorectic effects of amylin are focused on amylin's actions in the area postrema, a hindbrain circumventricular structure. Although the area postrema is certainly an important site that ...
Tobin Brian D BD Food Packaging Group, School of Food and Nutritional Sciences, University College Cork, - - 2014
This study accumulated European consumer attitudes towards processed meats and their use as a functional food. A survey was set up using an online web-application to gather information on consumer perception of processed meats as well as neutraceutical-containing processed meats. 548 responses were obtained and statistical analysis was carried out ...
Garaulet Marta M Department of Physiology, Faculty of Biology, University of Murcia, Spain. Electronic address: - - 2014
Recent studies link energy regulation to the circadian clock at the behavioral, physiological and molecular levels, emphasizing that the timing of food intake itself may have a significant role in obesity. In this regards, there is emerging literature in animals demonstrating a relationship between the timing of feeding and weight ...
He Chen C Research group for Meal Science & Public Health Nutrition, Department of Development and Planning, Aalborg University Copenhagen. A.C. Meyers Vænge 15, 2450 Copenhagen, - - 2014
Aims:School food in many countries has become the object of change and innovation processes, not only in relation to policies for healthier eating but also in relation to policies for more sustainable food consumption and procurement. The purpose of this study was to examine the possible influence that organic food ...
Birch Leann L LL Departments of Human Development and Family Studies (LLB and AED) and Nutritional Sciences (LLB), The Pennsylvania State University, University Park, - - 2014
During the first 2 y of life, development is rapid and includes dramatic changes in eating behavior. Individual patterns of food preferences and eating behaviors emerge and differ depending on the foods offered and on the contexts of feeding during this early period of dietary transition. In this review, we ...
Gaillet-Torrent M M CNRS, UMR6265 Centre des Sciences du Goût et de l'Alimentation, F-21000 Dijon, France; INRA, UMR1324 Centre des Sciences du Goût et de l'Alimentation, F-21000 Dijon, France; Université de Bourgogne, UMR Centre des Sciences du Goût et de l'Alimentation, F-21000 Dijon, France. Electronic address: - - 2014
Current research in psychology suggests that unconscious processes influence a significant proportion of choices and decisions. To study the impact of a non-attentively perceived odour on food choices, we used a priming paradigm. We had previously shown that non-attentively perceived fruity odours could impact food choice intentions (on a menu ...
Anna Vidgen Helen VH Senior Research Fellow, School of Exercise and Nutrition Sciences, Faculty of Health, Queensland University of Technology, Victoria Park Rd, Kelvin Grove Q 4059 Australia. Electronic address: - - 2014
Food literacy has emerged as a term to describe the everyday practicalities associated with healthy eating. The term is increasingly used in policy, practice, research and by the public; however, there is no shared understanding of its meaning. The purpose of this research was to develop a definition of food ...
Piqueras-Fiszman Betina B Crossmodal Research Laboratory, Department of Experimental Psychology, University of Oxford, South Parks Road, Oxford, England. OX1 3UD. Electronic address: - - 2014
It is often claimed that colour (e.g., in a meal) affects consumption behaviour. However, just how strong is the evidence in support of this claim, and what are the underlying mechanisms? It has been shown that not only the colour itself, but also the variety and the arrangement of the ...
Braude Lucy L Department of Psychology, Macquarie University, Sydney, NSW2109, - - 2014
Watching television (TV) while eating tends to increase food intake, but why this occurs is not well understood. Here, we examined TV's effects on sensory specific satiety (SSS), introception (i.e., hunger/fullness), mood and other variables, in females who all ate one snack meal with TV and another without TV. To ...
Edgehouse Michael M Department of Natural Science and Mathematics, Lewis-Clark State College, Lewiston, Idaho, United States of - - 2014
Defense of a limited resource, such as space or food, has recently been discovered in snakes and has been widely documented in lizards. Garter snakes (Thamnophis spp.) are historically considered generalist predators such that food is not a limiting resource. However, in this study we show that the common garter ...
Dwyer Johanna T JT Tufts Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts, USA; Frances Stern Nutrition Center, Tufts Medical Center, Boston, Massachusetts, - - 2014
This article reviews the current landscape regarding food fortification in the United States; the content is based on a workshop sponsored by the North American Branch of the International Life Sciences Institute. Fortification of the food supply with vitamins and minerals is a public health strategy to enhance nutrient intakes ...
Kimura Atsushi A Dept. of Information Environment, Tokyo Denki Univ, Chiba, - - 2014
This study explores the impact that scientific information about insect contamination of food has on consumer perceptions. Participants (n = 320, Japanese consumers) were randomly assigned to 1 of 8 information-type conditions: (1) information about insect type, (2) information about contamination processes, (3) information about the safety of contaminated food, ...
Rebello C J CJ School of Nutrition and Food Sciences, Louisiana State University, Baton Rouge, LA, USA; Pennington Biomedical Research Center, Louisiana State University, Baton Rouge, LA, - - 2014
Since the 1970s, the proportion of overweight and obese people in the United States has grown at an alarming rate. An awareness of the consequences of obesity on the health and well-being of individuals is evident in the plethora of strategic plans at the local and national levels, most of ...
Zarnowiecki D M DM Exercise for Health and Human Performance Group, School of Health Sciences, University of South Australia, Adelaide, South Australia, - - 2014
Socioeconomically disadvantaged children are at higher risk of consuming poor diets, in particular less fruits and vegetables and more non-core foods and sweetened beverages. Currently the drivers of socioeconomically related differences in children's dietary intake are not well understood. This systematic review explored whether dietary predictors vary for children of ...
de Silva D D The Evidence Centre, London, - - 2014
Food allergies can have serious physical, social, and financial consequences. This systematic review examined ways to prevent the development of food allergy in children and adults. Seven bibliographic databases were searched from their inception to September 30, 2012, for systematic reviews, randomized controlled trials, quasi-randomized controlled trials, controlled clinical trials, ...
Soffritti Morando M Cesare Maltoni Cancer Research Center, Ramazzini Institute, Bologna, - - 2014
Aspartame (APM) is an artificial sweetener used since the 1980s, now present in >6,000 products, including over 500 pharmaceuticals. Since its discovery in 1965, and its first approval by the US Food and Drugs Administration (FDA) in 1981, the safety of APM, and in particular its carcinogenicity potential, has been ...
Za-Cka Aneta A Department of Functional Food, Organic Food and Commodities, Warsaw University of Life Sciences, 02-776, Warszawa, - - 2014
After several meta-analysis studies were published, comparing the quality of food derived from organic and non-organic origin, it is still not clear if food from organic production per se can guarantee product related added-values to consumers. This paper aims to summarize the status-quo in order to identify research gaps and ...
Bellwood David R DR 1] School of Marine and Tropical Biology, James Cook University, Townsville, Queensland 4811, Australia [2] Australian Research Council Centre of Excellence for Coral Reef Studies, James Cook University, Townsville, Queensland 4811, - - 2014
Interactions between fishes and the benthos have shaped the development of marine ecosystems since at least the early Mesozoic. Here, using the morphology of fish teeth as an indicator of feeding abilities, we quantify changes over the last 240 million years of reef fish evolution. Fossil and extant coral reef ...
Kussaga Jamal B JB Department of Food Science and Technology, Faculty of Agriculture, Sokoine University of Agriculture, P.O. Box 3006, Morogoro, Tanzania; Department of Food Safety and Food Quality, Laboratory of Food Preservation and Food Microbiology, Faculty of Bioscience Engineering, University of Ghent, Coupure Links, 653, 9000, Ghent, - - 2014
This study seeks to provide insight into current deficiencies in Food Safety Management Systems (FSMS) in African food processing companies and to identify possible strategies for improvement so as to contribute to African countries' efforts to provide safe food to both local and international markets. This study found that most ...
Penney Tarra L TL Applied Research Collaborations for Health, Dalhousie University, - - 2014
The prevention of childhood obesity is a global priority. However, a range of complex social and environmental influences is implicated in the development of obesity and chronic disease that goes beyond the notion of individual choice. A population-level approach recognises the importance of access to and availability of healthy foods ...
Nifong James C JC Department of Biology, University of Florida, Gainesville, Florida, United States of - - 2014
Large-bodied, top- and apex predators (e.g., crocodilians, sharks, wolves, killer whales) can exert strong top-down effects within ecological communities through their interactions with prey. Due to inherent difficulties while studying the behavior of these often dangerous predatory species, relatively little is known regarding their feeding behaviors and activity patterns, information ...
Selhub Eva M - - 2014
The purposeful application of fermentation in food and beverage preparation, as a means to provide palatability, nutritional value, preservative, and medicinal properties, is an ancient practice. Fermented foods and beverages continue to make a significant contribution to the overall patterns of traditional dietary practices. As our knowledge of the human ...
Zeeb Benjamin B Department of Food Physics and Meat Science, Institute of Food Science and Biotechnology, University of Hohenheim, Garbenstrasse 21/25, 70599 StutTGaseart, Germany. - - 2014
Food dispersions have become essential vehicles to carry and deliver functional ingredients such as bioactive compounds, flavors, antimicrobials, antioxidants, colors and vitamins. Most of these systems are thermodynamically unstable tending to break down over time. Much research has therefore been carried out to develop methodologies to improve their long-term stability. ...
Williams J J British Heart Foundation Health Promotion Research Group, Nuffield Department of Population Health, University of Oxford, Oxford, - - 2014
The high prevalence of childhood obesity has led to questions about the influence of 'obesogenic' environments on children's health. Public health interventions targeting the retail food environment around schools have been proposed, but it is unclear if they are evidence based. This systematic review investigates associations between food outlets near ...
Werling Ben P BP Department of Entomology, Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI - - 2014
Agriculture is being challenged to provide food, and increasingly fuel, for an expanding global population. Producing bioenergy crops on marginal lands-farmland suboptimal for food crops-could help meet energy goals while minimizing competition with food production. However, the ecological costs and benefits of growing bioenergy feedstocks-primarily annual grain crops-on marginal lands ...
Datar Ashlesha A Dornsife Center for Economic and Social Research (CESR), University of Southern California, 12025 E Waterfront Drive, Playa Vista, CA 90094, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
Mothers' work hours are likely to affect their time allocation towards activities related to children's diet, activity and well-being. For example, mothers who work more may be more reliant on processed foods, foods prepared away from home and school meal programs for their children's meals. A greater number of work ...
Idriss Atef Wafic AW Lions Bldg. # 301 - 126 Sourati Street, P.O.Box: 113-6382 - Beirut - - - 2014
Food safety and quality control are increasingly a major issue with the globalization of agricultural trade, on one side, and intensification of agriculture, on the other. Consumer protection has become a priority in policy-making amongst the large economies of the MENA countries following a number of food safety incidents. To ...
Cheeseman Kevin K 1] INRA, UMR1319 Micalis, F-78352 Jouy-en-Josas, France [2] Genomic Vision, 80-84 rue des Meuniers, 92220 Bagneux, France [3] AgroParisTech, UMR Micalis, F-78352 Jouy-en-Josas, France - - 2014
While the extent and impact of horizontal transfers in prokaryotes are widely acknowledged, their importance to the eukaryotic kingdom is unclear and thought by many to be anecdotal. Here we report multiple recent transfers of a huge genomic island between Penicillium spp. found in the food environment. Sequencing of the ...
Kennedy Betty M BM The Pennington Biomedical Research Center, Baton Rouge, Louisiana, - - 2014
The prevention of weight gain to address the obesity epidemic rather than weight loss involves promoting small changes in food choices and physical activity. People United to Sustain Health (PUSH) was designed to increase fruit and vegetable consumption, physical activity, and food security to prevent weight gain in rural adults. ...
Sarkar Dipayan D Department of Plant Sciences, North Dakota State University, Fargo, ND 58108-6050; email: - - 2014
Plant phenolics as secondary metabolites are key to a plant's defense response against biotic and abiotic stresses. These phytochemicals are also increasingly relevant to food preservation and human health in terms of chronic disease management. Phenolic compounds from different food crops with different chemical structures and biological functions have the ...
Kentish Sandra S Department of Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering, University of Melbourne, Victoria 3010 Australia; email: - - 2014
Acoustic energy as a form of physical energy has drawn the interests of both industry and scientific communities for its potential use as a food processing and preservation tool. Currently, most such applications deal with ultrasonic waves with relatively high intensities and acoustic power densities and are performed mostly in ...
Endersen Lorraine L Department of Biological Sciences, Cork Institute of Technology, Cork, Ireland; email: - - 2014
Despite advances in modern technologies, the food industry is continuously challenged with the threat of microbial contamination. The overuse of antibiotics has further escalated this problem, resulting in the increasing emergence of antibiotic-resistant foodborne pathogens. Efforts to develop new methods for controlling microbial contamination in food and the food processing ...
Wu Felicia F Department of Food Science and Human Nutrition, Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI 48824; email: - - 2014
Mycotoxins are toxic and carcinogenic metabolites produced by fungi that colonize food crops. The most agriculturally important mycotoxins known today are aflatoxins, which cause liver cancer and have also been implicated in child growth impairment and acute toxicoses; fumonisins, which have been associated with esophageal cancer (EC) and neural tube ...
Russell David A M DA a Sustainable Business Innovation , CH-8854 Siebnen , - - 2014
Packaging has an increasingly essential role to play in preserving the value invested in products by ensuring that they can deliver their designed service with minimum wastage. Food contact materials that deliver more units of service with increasingly fewer inputs of energy and materials, and increasingly fewer negative social, economic ...
Haselmair Ruth - - 2014
Investigations into knowledge about food and medicinal plants in a certain geographic area or within a specific group are an important element of ethnobotanical research. This knowledge is context specific and dynamic due to changing ecological, social and economic circumstances. Migration processes affect food habits and the knowledge and use ...
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