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Chriqui Jamie F JF Institute for Health Research and Policy, School of Public Health, University of Illinois at Chicago, - - 2014
IMPORTANCE The US Department of Agriculture recently issued an interim final rule governing the sale of foods and beverages sold outside of the school meal programs ("competitive foods and beverages" [CF&Bs]). OBJECTIVE To examine the potential influence that the federal rule may have based on peer-reviewed published studies examining the ...
Fulkerson Jayne A JA School of Nursing, University of Minnesota, United States. Electronic address: - - 2014
Informed and engaged parents and healthful home environments are essential for the health of youth. Although research has shown health benefits associated with family meals, to date, no randomized controlled trial (RCT) has been developed to examine the impact of a family meals intervention on behavioral and health outcomes. Methods/Design ...
Mietlicki-Baase Elizabeth G EG Translational Neuroscience Program, Department of Psychiatry, Perelman School of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
Amylin is a pancreas-derived neuropeptide that acts in the central nervous system (CNS) to reduce food intake. Much of the literature describing the anorectic effects of amylin are focused on amylin's actions in the area postrema, a hindbrain circumventricular structure. Although the area postrema is certainly an important site that ...
Tobin Brian D BD Food Packaging Group, School of Food and Nutritional Sciences, University College Cork, - - 2014
This study accumulated European consumer attitudes towards processed meats and their use as a functional food. A survey was set up using an online web-application to gather information on consumer perception of processed meats as well as neutraceutical-containing processed meats. 548 responses were obtained and statistical analysis was carried out ...
Garaulet Marta M Department of Physiology, Faculty of Biology, University of Murcia, Spain. Electronic address: - - 2014
Recent studies link energy regulation to the circadian clock at the behavioral, physiological and molecular levels, emphasizing that the timing of food intake itself may have a significant role in obesity. In this regards, there is emerging literature in animals demonstrating a relationship between the timing of feeding and weight ...
He Chen C Research group for Meal Science & Public Health Nutrition, Department of Development and Planning, Aalborg University Copenhagen. A.C. Meyers Vænge 15, 2450 Copenhagen, - - 2014
Aims:School food in many countries has become the object of change and innovation processes, not only in relation to policies for healthier eating but also in relation to policies for more sustainable food consumption and procurement. The purpose of this study was to examine the possible influence that organic food ...
Birch Leann L LL Departments of Human Development and Family Studies (LLB and AED) and Nutritional Sciences (LLB), The Pennsylvania State University, University Park, - - 2014
During the first 2 y of life, development is rapid and includes dramatic changes in eating behavior. Individual patterns of food preferences and eating behaviors emerge and differ depending on the foods offered and on the contexts of feeding during this early period of dietary transition. In this review, we ...
Gaillet-Torrent M M CNRS, UMR6265 Centre des Sciences du Goût et de l'Alimentation, F-21000 Dijon, France; INRA, UMR1324 Centre des Sciences du Goût et de l'Alimentation, F-21000 Dijon, France; Université de Bourgogne, UMR Centre des Sciences du Goût et de l'Alimentation, F-21000 Dijon, France. Electronic address: - - 2014
Current research in psychology suggests that unconscious processes influence a significant proportion of choices and decisions. To study the impact of a non-attentively perceived odour on food choices, we used a priming paradigm. We had previously shown that non-attentively perceived fruity odours could impact food choice intentions (on a menu ...
Anna Vidgen Helen VH Senior Research Fellow, School of Exercise and Nutrition Sciences, Faculty of Health, Queensland University of Technology, Victoria Park Rd, Kelvin Grove Q 4059 Australia. Electronic address: - - 2014
Food literacy has emerged as a term to describe the everyday practicalities associated with healthy eating. The term is increasingly used in policy, practice, research and by the public; however, there is no shared understanding of its meaning. The purpose of this research was to develop a definition of food ...
Piqueras-Fiszman Betina B Crossmodal Research Laboratory, Department of Experimental Psychology, University of Oxford, South Parks Road, Oxford, England. OX1 3UD. Electronic address: - - 2014
It is often claimed that colour (e.g., in a meal) affects consumption behaviour. However, just how strong is the evidence in support of this claim, and what are the underlying mechanisms? It has been shown that not only the colour itself, but also the variety and the arrangement of the ...
Braude Lucy L Department of Psychology, Macquarie University, Sydney, NSW2109, - - 2014
Watching television (TV) while eating tends to increase food intake, but why this occurs is not well understood. Here, we examined TV's effects on sensory specific satiety (SSS), introception (i.e., hunger/fullness), mood and other variables, in females who all ate one snack meal with TV and another without TV. To ...
Edgehouse Michael M Department of Natural Science and Mathematics, Lewis-Clark State College, Lewiston, Idaho, United States of - - 2014
Defense of a limited resource, such as space or food, has recently been discovered in snakes and has been widely documented in lizards. Garter snakes (Thamnophis spp.) are historically considered generalist predators such that food is not a limiting resource. However, in this study we show that the common garter ...
Dwyer Johanna T JT Tufts Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts, USA; Frances Stern Nutrition Center, Tufts Medical Center, Boston, Massachusetts, - - 2014
This article reviews the current landscape regarding food fortification in the United States; the content is based on a workshop sponsored by the North American Branch of the International Life Sciences Institute. Fortification of the food supply with vitamins and minerals is a public health strategy to enhance nutrient intakes ...
Kimura Atsushi A Dept. of Information Environment, Tokyo Denki Univ, Chiba, - - 2014
This study explores the impact that scientific information about insect contamination of food has on consumer perceptions. Participants (n = 320, Japanese consumers) were randomly assigned to 1 of 8 information-type conditions: (1) information about insect type, (2) information about contamination processes, (3) information about the safety of contaminated food, ...
Rebello C J CJ School of Nutrition and Food Sciences, Louisiana State University, Baton Rouge, LA, USA; Pennington Biomedical Research Center, Louisiana State University, Baton Rouge, LA, - - 2014
Since the 1970s, the proportion of overweight and obese people in the United States has grown at an alarming rate. An awareness of the consequences of obesity on the health and well-being of individuals is evident in the plethora of strategic plans at the local and national levels, most of ...
Zarnowiecki D M DM Exercise for Health and Human Performance Group, School of Health Sciences, University of South Australia, Adelaide, South Australia, - - 2014
Socioeconomically disadvantaged children are at higher risk of consuming poor diets, in particular less fruits and vegetables and more non-core foods and sweetened beverages. Currently the drivers of socioeconomically related differences in children's dietary intake are not well understood. This systematic review explored whether dietary predictors vary for children of ...
de Silva D D The Evidence Centre, London, - - 2014
Food allergies can have serious physical, social, and financial consequences. This systematic review examined ways to prevent the development of food allergy in children and adults. Seven bibliographic databases were searched from their inception to September 30, 2012, for systematic reviews, randomized controlled trials, quasi-randomized controlled trials, controlled clinical trials, ...
Soffritti Morando M Cesare Maltoni Cancer Research Center, Ramazzini Institute, Bologna, - - 2014
Aspartame (APM) is an artificial sweetener used since the 1980s, now present in >6,000 products, including over 500 pharmaceuticals. Since its discovery in 1965, and its first approval by the US Food and Drugs Administration (FDA) in 1981, the safety of APM, and in particular its carcinogenicity potential, has been ...
Za-Cka Aneta A Department of Functional Food, Organic Food and Commodities, Warsaw University of Life Sciences, 02-776, Warszawa, - - 2014
After several meta-analysis studies were published, comparing the quality of food derived from organic and non-organic origin, it is still not clear if food from organic production per se can guarantee product related added-values to consumers. This paper aims to summarize the status-quo in order to identify research gaps and ...
Bellwood David R DR 1] School of Marine and Tropical Biology, James Cook University, Townsville, Queensland 4811, Australia [2] Australian Research Council Centre of Excellence for Coral Reef Studies, James Cook University, Townsville, Queensland 4811, - - 2014
Interactions between fishes and the benthos have shaped the development of marine ecosystems since at least the early Mesozoic. Here, using the morphology of fish teeth as an indicator of feeding abilities, we quantify changes over the last 240 million years of reef fish evolution. Fossil and extant coral reef ...
Kussaga Jamal B JB Department of Food Science and Technology, Faculty of Agriculture, Sokoine University of Agriculture, P.O. Box 3006, Morogoro, Tanzania; Department of Food Safety and Food Quality, Laboratory of Food Preservation and Food Microbiology, Faculty of Bioscience Engineering, University of Ghent, Coupure Links, 653, 9000, Ghent, - - 2014
This study seeks to provide insight into current deficiencies in Food Safety Management Systems (FSMS) in African food processing companies and to identify possible strategies for improvement so as to contribute to African countries' efforts to provide safe food to both local and international markets. This study found that most ...
Penney Tarra L TL Applied Research Collaborations for Health, Dalhousie University, - - 2014
The prevention of childhood obesity is a global priority. However, a range of complex social and environmental influences is implicated in the development of obesity and chronic disease that goes beyond the notion of individual choice. A population-level approach recognises the importance of access to and availability of healthy foods ...
Nifong James C JC Department of Biology, University of Florida, Gainesville, Florida, United States of - - 2014
Large-bodied, top- and apex predators (e.g., crocodilians, sharks, wolves, killer whales) can exert strong top-down effects within ecological communities through their interactions with prey. Due to inherent difficulties while studying the behavior of these often dangerous predatory species, relatively little is known regarding their feeding behaviors and activity patterns, information ...
Selhub Eva M - - 2014
The purposeful application of fermentation in food and beverage preparation, as a means to provide palatability, nutritional value, preservative, and medicinal properties, is an ancient practice. Fermented foods and beverages continue to make a significant contribution to the overall patterns of traditional dietary practices. As our knowledge of the human ...
Zeeb Benjamin B Department of Food Physics and Meat Science, Institute of Food Science and Biotechnology, University of Hohenheim, Garbenstrasse 21/25, 70599 StutTGaseart, Germany. - - 2014
Food dispersions have become essential vehicles to carry and deliver functional ingredients such as bioactive compounds, flavors, antimicrobials, antioxidants, colors and vitamins. Most of these systems are thermodynamically unstable tending to break down over time. Much research has therefore been carried out to develop methodologies to improve their long-term stability. ...
Williams J J British Heart Foundation Health Promotion Research Group, Nuffield Department of Population Health, University of Oxford, Oxford, - - 2014
The high prevalence of childhood obesity has led to questions about the influence of 'obesogenic' environments on children's health. Public health interventions targeting the retail food environment around schools have been proposed, but it is unclear if they are evidence based. This systematic review investigates associations between food outlets near ...
Werling Ben P BP Department of Entomology, Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI - - 2014
Agriculture is being challenged to provide food, and increasingly fuel, for an expanding global population. Producing bioenergy crops on marginal lands-farmland suboptimal for food crops-could help meet energy goals while minimizing competition with food production. However, the ecological costs and benefits of growing bioenergy feedstocks-primarily annual grain crops-on marginal lands ...
Datar Ashlesha A Dornsife Center for Economic and Social Research (CESR), University of Southern California, 12025 E Waterfront Drive, Playa Vista, CA 90094, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
Mothers' work hours are likely to affect their time allocation towards activities related to children's diet, activity and well-being. For example, mothers who work more may be more reliant on processed foods, foods prepared away from home and school meal programs for their children's meals. A greater number of work ...
Idriss Atef Wafic AW Lions Bldg. # 301 - 126 Sourati Street, P.O.Box: 113-6382 - Beirut - - - 2014
Food safety and quality control are increasingly a major issue with the globalization of agricultural trade, on one side, and intensification of agriculture, on the other. Consumer protection has become a priority in policy-making amongst the large economies of the MENA countries following a number of food safety incidents. To ...
Cheeseman Kevin K 1] INRA, UMR1319 Micalis, F-78352 Jouy-en-Josas, France [2] Genomic Vision, 80-84 rue des Meuniers, 92220 Bagneux, France [3] AgroParisTech, UMR Micalis, F-78352 Jouy-en-Josas, France - - 2014
While the extent and impact of horizontal transfers in prokaryotes are widely acknowledged, their importance to the eukaryotic kingdom is unclear and thought by many to be anecdotal. Here we report multiple recent transfers of a huge genomic island between Penicillium spp. found in the food environment. Sequencing of the ...
Kennedy Betty M BM The Pennington Biomedical Research Center, Baton Rouge, Louisiana, - - 2014
The prevention of weight gain to address the obesity epidemic rather than weight loss involves promoting small changes in food choices and physical activity. People United to Sustain Health (PUSH) was designed to increase fruit and vegetable consumption, physical activity, and food security to prevent weight gain in rural adults. ...
Sarkar Dipayan D Department of Plant Sciences, North Dakota State University, Fargo, ND 58108-6050; email: - - 2014
Plant phenolics as secondary metabolites are key to a plant's defense response against biotic and abiotic stresses. These phytochemicals are also increasingly relevant to food preservation and human health in terms of chronic disease management. Phenolic compounds from different food crops with different chemical structures and biological functions have the ...
Kentish Sandra S Department of Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering, University of Melbourne, Victoria 3010 Australia; email: - - 2014
Acoustic energy as a form of physical energy has drawn the interests of both industry and scientific communities for its potential use as a food processing and preservation tool. Currently, most such applications deal with ultrasonic waves with relatively high intensities and acoustic power densities and are performed mostly in ...
Endersen Lorraine L Department of Biological Sciences, Cork Institute of Technology, Cork, Ireland; email: - - 2014
Despite advances in modern technologies, the food industry is continuously challenged with the threat of microbial contamination. The overuse of antibiotics has further escalated this problem, resulting in the increasing emergence of antibiotic-resistant foodborne pathogens. Efforts to develop new methods for controlling microbial contamination in food and the food processing ...
Wu Felicia F Department of Food Science and Human Nutrition, Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI 48824; email: - - 2014
Mycotoxins are toxic and carcinogenic metabolites produced by fungi that colonize food crops. The most agriculturally important mycotoxins known today are aflatoxins, which cause liver cancer and have also been implicated in child growth impairment and acute toxicoses; fumonisins, which have been associated with esophageal cancer (EC) and neural tube ...
Russell David A M DA a Sustainable Business Innovation , CH-8854 Siebnen , - - 2014
Packaging has an increasingly essential role to play in preserving the value invested in products by ensuring that they can deliver their designed service with minimum wastage. Food contact materials that deliver more units of service with increasingly fewer inputs of energy and materials, and increasingly fewer negative social, economic ...
Haselmair Ruth - - 2014
Investigations into knowledge about food and medicinal plants in a certain geographic area or within a specific group are an important element of ethnobotanical research. This knowledge is context specific and dynamic due to changing ecological, social and economic circumstances. Migration processes affect food habits and the knowledge and use ...
Cochrane B B Human Nutrition, School of Medicine, College of Medicine, Veterinary and Life Sciences, University of Glasgow, Royal Hospital for Sick Children, Glasgow, - - 2014
There is scarce evidence available with respect to an evaluation of the role of low protein staple foods (LPSF) in the management of phenylketonuria (PKU). The present study explored beliefs, acceptability and issues around the use of LPSF by people with PKU or their carers. A semi-anonymous questionnaire was posted ...
Chao Ariana A Yale School of Nursing, Yale University, New Haven, - - 2014
The purpose of this paper is to provide an analysis of the concept of binge eating in obese adolescents. Rodgers' evolutionary approach was used to frame this analysis. A search was conducted within the Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature, Medline, and PsycINFO for publications between 1980 and ...
Patton-López Megan M MM Benton County Health Services, Corvallis, OR. Electronic address: - - 2014
To examine the prevalence and identify correlates of food insecurity among students attending a rural university in Oregon. Cross-sectional nonprobability survey of 354 students attending a midsize rural university in Oregon during May, 2011. The main outcome was food insecurity measured using the US Department of Agriculture Household Food Security ...
Humphrey Louise T LT Department of Earth Sciences, The Natural History Museum, London SW7 5BD, United - - 2014
Dental caries is an infectious disease that causes tooth decay. The high prevalence of dental caries in recent humans is attributed to more frequent consumption of plant foods rich in fermentable carbohydrates in food-producing societies. The transition from hunting and gathering to food production is associated with a change in ...
Adapa Vijayanand V Department of Biotechnology, Acharya Nagarjuna University, Nagarjuna Nagar, Guntur, 522510, Andra Pradesh, - - 2014
Pectinase has been an integral part of commercial food processing, where it is used for degradation of pectin and facilitates different processing steps such as liquefaction, clarification and juice extraction. The industry currently uses pectinases from mesophilic or thermophilic microorganisms which are well established, but recently, there has been is ...
Costa Joana J REQUIMTE, Departamento de Ciências Químicas, Faculdade de Farmácia, Universidade do Porto, - - 2014
Food-induced allergies have been regarded as an emergent problem of public health. Classified as important allergenic ingredients, the presence of walnut and other nuts as hidden allergens in processed foods constitute a risk for sensitised individuals, being a real problem of allergen management. Attending to the increasing importance dedicated to ...
Norton Jennifer E JE School of Chemical Engineering, University of Birmingham, Birmingham, B15 2TT United Kingdom; email: - - 2014
In addition to providing specific sensory properties (e.g., flavor or textures), there is a need to produce foods that also provide functionality within the gastrointestinal (GI) tract, over and above simple nutrition. As such, there is a need to understand the physical and chemical processes occurring in the mouth, stomach, ...
Borel T T Department of Biological and Agricultural Engineering, LSU Agricultural Center, Louisiana State University, Baton Rouge, LA - - 2014
Food bioactives are known to prevent aging, cancer, and other diseases for an overall improved health of the consumer. Nanodelivery provides a means to control stability, solubility, and bioavailability, and also provides controlled release of food bioactives. There are two main types of nanodelivery systems, liquid and solid. Liquid nanodelivery ...
White Brittany L BL Market Quality and Handling Research Unit, Agricultural Resarch Service, US Department of Agriculture, North Carolina State University, Raleigh, NC 27695; email: - - 2014
Peanut (Arachis hypogaea L.) is an important crop grown worldwide for food and edible oil. The surge of peanut allergy in the past 25 years has profoundly impacted both affected individuals and the peanut and related food industries. In response, several strategies to mitigate peanut allergy have emerged to reduce/eliminate ...
Selway Nichola N School of Chemical Engineering, The University of Queensland, Brisbane, QLD 4072, - - 2014
Foods are rationally designed to be semifluids or soft solids for optimal stabilization of the multiple phases they contain and to provide favorable textural properties. Although rheology provides a guide to physical stability and initial texture perception, measurements on intact foods do not enable predictions of the organoleptic properties experienced ...
Sacchi Raffaele - - 2014
The aim of this chapter is to provide a brief overview of the recent results of studies on extra virgin olive oil (EVOO) and its interactions with other food ingredients during cooking, to highlight basic molecular aspects of the "magic" of EVOO and its role in Mediterranean gastronomy. The use ...
Hansen Peter J - - 2014
Reproduction in domestic animals is under control by man and the technologies developed to facilitate that control have a major impact on the efficiency of food production. Reproduction is an energy-intensive process. In beef cattle, for example, over 50 % of the total feed consumption required to produce a unit ...
Knox Robert V - - 2014
Reproductive technologies have dramatically changed the way pigs are raised for pork production in developed and developing countries. This has involved such areas as pigs produced/sow, more consistent pig flow to market, pig growth rate and feed efficiency, carcass yield and quality, labor efficiency, and pig health. Some reproductive technologies ...
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