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Luo Jie J Technische Universität München, Lehrstuhl für Technische Mikrobiologie, Gregor-Mendel-Straße 4, 85354 Freising, - - 2014
Aflatoxins represent a serious risk for human and animal health. They are mainly produced by Aspergillus flavus and Aspergillus parasiticus but also by Aspergillus nomius. Three species specific turbidimeter based real-time LAMP (loop-mediated isothermal amplification) assays were developed to quantify the three species individually in conidial solutions and to define ...
Dufour Darna L DL Department of Anthropology, University of Colorado, Boulder, Colorado, - - 2014
To quantify changes in the diets of low-income women in Cali, Colombia between 1990-1995 and 2008, a period of increases in body size, and to situate these changes within national-level trends in food availability, as well as to compare these changes with those expected in countries undergoing a nutrition transition. ...
Golinelli L P LP Instituto de Química, Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro, Av. Athos da Silveira Ramos 149 Cidade Universitária 21949-909, Rio de Janeiro, RJ, - - 2014
The Brazilian market for dairy products made from goat milk is increasing despite the seasonality of production and naturally small milk production per animal, factors that result in high-priced products and encourage fraud. In Brazil, no official analytical method exists for detecting adulteration of goat dairy products with cow milk. ...
De Shubha K SK Department of Urology, Glickman Urological and Kidney Institute, Cleveland Clinic, Cleveland, - - 2014
To evaluate the trends in the American diet over the last 40 years (1974-2010), during which time the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey data set has documented an increase in stone prevalence from 3.8% to 8.8%. We used the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey reported rates for stone disease ...
Van Eenennaam A L AL Department of Animal Science, University of California, Davis, CA 95616 - - 2014
Globally, food-producing animals consume 70 to 90% of genetically engineered (GE) crop biomass. This review briefly summarizes the scientific literature on performance and health of animals consuming feed containing GE ingredients and composition of products derived from them. It also discusses the field experience of feeding GE feed sources to ...
Li Ling L Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 11A Datun Road, Beijing, 100101, China, - - 2014
The daily fluorine (F)/arsenic (As) intake (DFI/DAsI) for residents at different ages with different dietaries and dietary changes was investigated to analyze the fluorosis risk in coal-burning fluorosis area in Yunnan, Southwest China. The DFI for residents with a dietary of roasted corn and roasted chili was 5.06, 9.60, and ...
Hanschen Franziska S FS Department of Quality, Leibniz-Institute of Vegetable and Ornamental Crops Großbeeren and Erfurt e.V. Theodor-Echtermeyer-Weg 1, 14979 Großbeeren (Germany) http://www.igzev.de. - - 2014
The chemistry of glucosinolates and their behavior during food processing is very complex. Their instability leads to the formation of a bunch of breakdown and reaction products that are very often reactive themselves. Although excessive consumption of cabbage varieties has been thought for long time to have adverse, especially goitrogenic ...
Rebello Candida C Pennington Biomedical Research Center, Louisiana State University System, Baton Rouge, Louisiana, - - 2014
Diets that induce negative energy balance continue to be the cornerstone of obesity management. However, long-term volitional reduction in energy intake is challenging. Functional foods that enhance satiety may have an important practical application in increasing compliance to weight loss diets and thereby promoting sustained weight loss. Here, we present ...
Harrold Joanne J Department of Psychological Sciences, University of Liverpool, Liverpool L69 7ZA, UK. - - 2014
The current study assesses the impact on appetite and food intake of a novel co-processed ingredient containing a viscous fibre and whole-grain high-amylose corn flour, a source of type 1 and type 2 resistant starch (HAM-RS). Ninety adults completed a crossover, placebo-controlled study comparing two doses of the ingredient (20 ...
Kraus Johanna M - - 2014
Insects are integral to most freshwater and terrestrial food webs, but due to their accumulation of environmental pollutants they are also contaminant vectors that threaten reproduction, development and survival of consumers. Metamorphosis from larvae to adult can cause large chemical changes in insects, altering contaminant concentrations and fractionation of chemical ...
Javanmardi Fardin F a Drug Applied Research Center, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences , Tabriz , - - 2014
Benzoic and sorbic acid are widely used for food preservation. These preservatives are generally recognized as safe. The aim of this study was to determine the level of benzoic and sorbic acid in food samples which are usually consumed in Iran. Therefore, 54 samples, including 15 soft drinks, 15 Ultra ...
Cresson P P Ifremer, Centre de Méditerranée, CS 20330, F-83 507 La Seyne-sur-Mer, France. Electronic address: - - 2014
Mercury (Hg) is a global threat for marine ecosystems, especially within the Mediterranean Sea. The concern is higher for deep-sea organisms, as the Hg concentration in their tissues is commonly high. To assess the influence of food supply at two trophic levels, total Hg concentrations and carbon and nitrogen stable ...
Lent Michelle R MR 1Center for Obesity Research and Education,Temple University,3223 N. Broad Street,Suite 175,Philadelphia,PA - - 2014
Corner stores, also known as bodegas, are prevalent in low-income urban areas and primarily stock high-energy foods and beverages. Little is known about individual-level purchases in these locations. The purpose of the present study was to assess corner store purchases (items, nutritional characteristics and amount spent) made by children, adolescents ...
Mata-Gómez Marco A MA Downstream Bioprocessing Laboratory, School of Engineering and Science, Jacobs University, Campus Ring 1, D-28759, Bremen, Germany; Centro de Biotecnología-FEMSA, Tecnológico de Monterrey. Campus Monterrey, Ave. Eugenio Garza Sada 2501 Sur, Monterrey, NL, 64849, - - 2014
In food industry, the use of pectinase preparations with high pectin esterase (PE) activity leads to the release of methanol, which is strictly regulated in food products. Herein, a pectin-degrading enzymes (PDEs) complex exhibiting low PE activity of three Aspergillus sojae ATCC 20235 mutants (M3, DH56 and Guserbiot 2.230) was ...
Hoertel Heather A - - 2014
This pilot study examined whether the addition of a normal protein (NP) vs. high protein (HP) breakfast leads to alterations in food cravings and plasma homovanillic acid (HVA), which is an index of central dopamine production, in overweight/obese 'breakfast skipping' late-adolescent young women. A randomized crossover design was incorporated in ...
Davidsen J G JG NTNU Museum, Norwegian University of Science and Technology, N-7491, Trondheim, - - 2014
The aim of this study was to test the hypothesis that hatchery brown trout Salmo trutta smolts, with 50% reduced or no feeding over the last 5 months before release, were more likely to migrate to the sea than individuals with standard feeding ratios. The juvenile fish were divided into ...
Xie Yunfei Y State Key Laboratory of Food Science and Technology, School of Food Science and Technology, Jiangnan University, 1800 Lihu Avenue, Wuxi, Jiangsu, 214122, - - 2014
This research was to understand the migrations of bisphenols from can coatings into foods in China market. The migrations of bisphenols were studied filled in commercial cans from China market with four types of food simulants (FS) which were experienced at 121 °C for 30 min and be stored at 40 °C for ...
Cawley John J 1Department of Policy Analysis and Management,Cornell University,2312 MVR Hall,Ithaca,NY - - 2014
The current study examines the impact of a nutrition rating system on consumers' food purchases in supermarkets. Aggregate sales data for 102 categories of food (over 60 000 brands) on a weekly basis for 2005-2007 from a supermarket chain of over 150 stores are analysed. Change in weekly sales of ...
Menard Sandrine S Department of Neurogastroenterology and Nutrition and Department of Intestinal Development, Xenobiotics, and Immunotoxicology, Institut National de la Recherche Agronomique (INRA), Unité Mixte de Recherche (UMR) 1331 Toxalim, Research Centre in Food Toxicology. Toulouse, France - - 2014
The food contaminant bisphenol A (BPA) is pointed out as a risk factor in development of food allergy and food intolerance, two adverse food reactions increasing worldwide. We evaluated the consequences of perinatal exposure to low doses of BPA on immune-specific response to the food antigen ovalbumin (OVA) at adulthood. ...
Goletzke Janina J Department of Nutrition and Food Sciences, Nutritional Epidemiology, University of Bonn, DONALD Study at the Research Institute of Child Nutrition, Dortmund, - - 2014
Chronic low-grade inflammation represents a likely intermediary in the relation between carbohydrate nutrition and both type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular disease. This study assessed the prospective association between carbohydrate quantity and quality [dietary glycemic index (GI), glycemic load (GL), and added sugar, fiber, and whole-grain intake] during puberty, a potentially ...
Sien Yeo Pei YP Institute for Public Health, Ministry of Health, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia - - 2014
Dietary supplements use is relatively widespread in some countries but knowledge of supplements consumption in Malaysia is limited, more so among adolescents. This study aimed to investigate the determinants of dietary supplements use among Malaysian adolescents using multiple logistic regressions analysis. Data from the Malaysia School-based Nutrition Survey 2012 based ...
Le Gall Marion M *Department of Entomology, Texas A&M University, College Station, TX 77843, - - 2014
Protein and carbohydrates are important nutrients driving the growth of herbivores; however, their content in plants is highly variable. Multiple studies have explored their effect on herbivores, but only one other study (using a caterpillar) has provided a comprehensive overview that includes a simultaneous evaluation of their ratios and concentrations. ...
Pradhan Prajal - - 2014
This study explores the potential for regions to shift to a local food supply using food self-sufficiency (FSS) as an indicator. We considered a region food self-sufficient when its total calorie production is enough to meet its demand. For future scenarios, we considered population growth, dietary changes, improved feed conversion ...
Regiart Matías M Instituto de Química San Luis (INQUISAL) - Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas (CONICET) - Universidad Nacional de San Luis (UNSL), Chacabuco 917, D5700BWS, San Luis, Argentina. bertolin@unsl.edu.ar - - 2014
This study reports an accurate and sensitive strategy for zeranol (ZER) determination in bovine urine samples. ZER is a mycotoxin widely used as a synthetic growth promoter in the livestock production whose residues could present a potential risk for human health. Therefore, its use as an animal feed additive has ...
Bezerra Ilana Nogueira - - 2014
International comparisons of dietary intake are an important source of information to better understand food habits and their relationship to nutrition related diseases. The objective of this study is to compare food intake of Brazilian adults with American adults identifying possible dietary factors associated with the increase in obesity in ...
Kim Sang Oh SO Dept. of Agricultural Biotechnology, Seoul Natl. Univ, 1 Gwanak-ro, Gwanak-gu, Seoul 151-921, - - 2014
Lycopene is a natural antioxidant which has several health benefits. Undesirable oxidation of lycopene compromises its health benefits and also affects the sensory quality of food products containing lycopene. Health benefits associated with lycopene in food preparations can be enhanced by preventing its degradation by incorporating it into the oil ...
Bernat Neus N Instituto Universitario de Ingeniería de Alimentos para el Desarrollo, Universitat Politècnica de València, Spain - - 2014
A new fermented almond "milk" that combined the properties of both almonds and probiotics was considered to cover the current versatile health-promoting foods' demand. Almond milk fermentation with probiotic Lactobacillus reuteri and Streptococcus thermophilus was studied by using a Central Composite design with response surface methodology, and different factors (glucose, ...
Kovács Anita A Institute of Physiology, Pécs University Medical - - 2014
Some members of the RFamide peptide family are associated with feeding in rodents. For example, neuropeptide FF and prolactin-releasing peptide cause anorexigenic, while 26RFa and QRFP result in orexigenic effects. I.c.v. microinjection of RFamide-related peptide-3 (RFRP-3) facilitates feeding. Feeding related effects of RFRP-3, however, haven't been studied after direct brain ...
Heo Jin-Ju JJ Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Pusan National University, Busan, 609-735, Republic of - - 2014
We measured concentrations of PFAAs in 397 foods, of 66 types, in Korea, and determined the daily human dietary PFAAs intake and the contribution of each foodstuff to that intake. The PFAAs concentration in the 66 different food types ranged from below the detection limit to 48.3ng/g. Perfluorooctane sulfonate (PFOS) ...
Turski M P MP Department of Surgery and Surgical Nursing, Medical University, Lublin, - - 2014
Kynurenic acid (KYNA) was found to be an antagonist of iontropic glutamate receptors and alpha7 nicotinic acetylcholine receptors. Furthermore, it was documented that KYNA is an agonist of G-protein coupled GPR35 receptors which are mainly present in the gastrointestinal tract. It was also found that KYNA is present in the ...
Lee-Kwan Seung Hee - - 2014
Many persons underestimate the calories in restaurant foods. Increased attention has been given to menu labeling (ML) as a way to provide consumers with point-of-purchase information that can help them reduce calorie intake and make healthier dietary choices. In 2010, a federal law was passed requiring restaurants with 20 or ...
Thomson Barbara M BM a ESR Ltd, Food Group , Christchurch , New - - 2014
The impact of caffeine from energy drinks occurs against a background exposure from naturally occurring caffeine (coffee, tea, cocoa and foods containing these ingredients) and caffeinated beverages (kola type soft drinks). Background caffeine exposure, excluding energy drinks, was assessed for six New Zealand population groups aged 15 years and over (n = 4503) ...
Melnikov Sergey M SM Unilever Research & Development, Vlaardingen, The - - 2014
Simple aeration of food matrices with gas has previously been shown to generate immediate suppression of appetite, though duration of effects has not been shown. This research tested whether liquids aerated with nitrous oxide (N2 O) to achieve high in-body stability could produce enhanced and sustained effects on eating motivations. ...
Yen Haw-Han HH Department of Biology, Georgia State University, 24 Peachtree Center Ave NE, Suite 430SA, Atlanta, GA, 30303, - - 2014
The mesolimbic dopamine system is an important component of the neural circuitry controlling reward-related behavior. We have recently shown that the melanocortin peptides decrease normal homeostatic feeding through actions in the ventral tegmental area. It is unknown, however, whether melanocortin peptides can also act on dopamine pathways to regulate hedonic, ...
Taghizadeh Mohsen M Research Center for Biochemistry and Nutrition in Metabolic Diseases, Kashan University of Medical Sciences, Kashan, I.R. - - 2014
The aim of this study was to determine the effects of synbiotic food consumption on glycemic status and serum high sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP) levels of Iranian pregnant women. This randomized placebo-controlled clinical trial was performed among 52 pregnant women, primigravida, aged 18-35 year old, in their third trimester. After ...
Guo Xiao-Hui XH College of Environmental and Resource Sciences, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou, - - 2014
Safe disposal of food waste is becoming an impending issue in China with the rapid increase of its production and the promotion of environmental awareness. Food waste from catering services in Hangzhou, China, was surveyed and characterized in this study. A questionnaire survey involving 632 units across the urban districts ...
Kim S B SB Environmental Technologies Branch, Chalk River Laboratories, Atomic Energy of Canada Limited, Canada K0J 1J0. Electronic address: - - 2014
Ingestion is one of the most important pathways to consider for calculating tritium dose to human beings. The objective of this study is to determine changes to TFWT and OBT concentrations in food as a result of its preparation for consumption. The contribution of OBT to the total tritium dose ...
Kakinami Lisa L Department of Epidemiology, Biostatistics and Occupational Health, McGill University, Montréal, Québec, Canada International Network for Research on Inequalities in Child Health (INRICH), Montréal, Québec, - - 2014
Childhood poverty is associated with poorer food consumption but longitudinal data are limited. The objective was to assess if food consumption differs depending on age (6, 7, 10 and 12 years) and pattern of poverty. Participants were from the 1998-2010 'Quebec Longitudinal Study of Child Development' birth cohort. Poverty was defined ...
Papanikolaou Yanni - - 2014
Following the publication of this article[1], we noted errors to tables 5 and 7. Corrected versions are presented below (Tables 1 and 2). We also noted that the third paragraph of the Discussion states that our data shows daily consumption of EPA and DHA of 0.41 g and 0.72 g, ...
Hu Xiao Juan XJ a State Key Laboratory of Food Science and Technology , Nanchang University , Nanchang , - - 2014
The potential influence of dietary phytoestrogen exposure on human health during different life phases including early childhood is a matter of scientific debate. In order to improve the risk-benefit assessment of exposure to dietary phytoestrogen, reliable and age-stratified exposure data are desirable. For contributing to the database on phytoestrogen exposure, ...
Bergamasco Christiane C Department of Gastroenterology, Surgical Gastroenterology Discipline (LIM 35), University of São Paulo School of Medicine, - - 2014
Background: The daily consumption of dietary fiber is frequently below suggested recommendations. Using a double-blind, controlled, randomized study, we assessed the efficiency and tolerance of a fiber-enriched orange juice to supplement fiber intake in women. Materials and Methods: After 1 week of noninterventional observation, 192 healthy adult women ingested 400 ...
Verburg Piet P National Institute of Water and Atmospheric Research, Hamilton, PO Box 11115, Hamilton 3251, New Zealand. Electronic address: - - 2014
Accumulation of Hg in aquatic organisms is influenced not only by the contaminant load but also by various environmental variables. We compared biomagnification of Hg in aquatic organisms, i.e., the rate at which Hg accumulates with increasing trophic position, in three lakes differing in trophic state. Total Hg (THg) concentrations ...
Seo Seulgi - - 2014
The effect of various food additives on the formation of carcinogenic 4(5)-methylimidazole (4-MI) in a caramel model system was investigated. The relationship between the levels of 4-MI and various pyrazines was studied. When glucose and ammonium hydroxide were heated, the amount of 4-MI was 556 ± 1.3 μg/mL, which increased ...
Błajet-Kosicka A A a Division of Physiology and Toxicology, Faculty of Natural Science , Institute of Experimental Biology, Kazimierz Wielki University , Bydgoszcz , - - 2014
In this study molds and 12 mycotoxins in dry pet food samples (25 for dogs and 24 for cats) were determined. Primary molds identified were Aspergillus, Mucor and Penicillium, found in 55% of the samples. Deoxynivalenol and zearalenone were detected in all samples with mean respective concentrations being 97.3 and ...
Bláha M M Faculty of Fishery and Protection of Waters, South Bohemian Research Centre of Aquaculture and Biodiversity of Hydrocenoses, University of South Bohemia in České Budějovice, Zátiší 728/II, 389 25 Vodňany, Czech - - 2014
Higher biomass especially of some aquatic macrophyte species offered a higher density of phytophilous zoobenthos, but did not increase the proportion of non-planktonic to planktonic prey in young-of-the-year perch Perca fluviatilis. Both abundance and biomass of non-planktonic prey dominated over planktonic prey in the pond with lower biomass of aquatic ...
Srivastava Saurabh S Department of Science and Technology, Center on Biomolecular Electronics, Biomedical Instrumentation Section, CSIR-National Physical Laboratory, New Delhi, 110012, - - 2014
We report results of the studies relating to the fabrication of a highly sensitive label free biosensor based on graphene oxide (GO) platform for the detection of aflatoxin B1 (AFB1) which is most toxic and predominant food toxin, using electrochemical impedance spectroscopy. The structural and optical characterization of GO/Au and ...
Kula Emanuel E Department of Forest Protection and Wildlife Management, Faculty of Forestry and Wood Technology, Mendel University in Brno, Zemědělská 3, 613 00, Brno, Czech Republic, - - 2014
We studied the response of gypsy moth (Lymantria dispar (Linnaeus) (Lepidoptera: Lymantriidae)) to the content of manganese in food in the laboratory breeding of caterpillars. The food of the caterpillars {Betula pendula Roth (Fagales: Betulaceae) leaves} was contaminated by dipping in the solution of MnCl2·4H2O with manganese concentrations of 0, ...
Allavena C C Infectious Diseases Department, CHU Hôtel Dieu, Nantes, - - 2014
Nevirapine is an inducer of hepatic metabolism. After discontinuation, nevirapine has an inductive effect on cytochrome P450 3A4, which persists for a few weeks and which, after switching to rilpivirine, may reduce rilpivirine exposures and have a negative clinical impact. This study evaluates the virological outcome, pharmacokinetics and safety of ...
Mervish Nancy N Department of Preventive Medicine, Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai, 1 Gustave L. Levy Place Box 1057, New York, NY 10029, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
Exposures of children to phthalates, parabens, and bisphenol-A (BPA) are of concern because of their hormonal potential. These agents are found in a wide range of foods and packaging. We investigated whether intake of certain foods predict exposures to these chemicals in young girls. Among 1101 girls (6-8 years at ...
Serrano Samantha E - - 2014
Phthalates are associated with a variety of health outcomes, but sources that may be targeted for exposure reduction messaging remain elusive. Diet is considered a significant exposure pathway for these compounds. Therefore, we sought to identify primary foods associated with increased exposure through a review of the food monitoring survey ...
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