Search Results
Results 1 - 50 of 2379
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >
Bezerra Ilana Nogueira - - 2014
International comparisons of dietary intake are an important source of information to better understand food habits and their relationship to nutrition related diseases. The objective of this study is to compare food intake of Brazilian adults with American adults identifying possible dietary factors associated with the increase in obesity in ...
Kim Sang Oh SO Dept. of Agricultural Biotechnology, Seoul Natl. Univ, 1 Gwanak-ro, Gwanak-gu, Seoul 151-921, - - 2014
Lycopene is a natural antioxidant which has several health benefits. Undesirable oxidation of lycopene compromises its health benefits and also affects the sensory quality of food products containing lycopene. Health benefits associated with lycopene in food preparations can be enhanced by preventing its degradation by incorporating it into the oil ...
Bernat Neus N Instituto Universitario de Ingeniería de Alimentos para el Desarrollo, Universitat Politècnica de València, Spain - - 2014
A new fermented almond "milk" that combined the properties of both almonds and probiotics was considered to cover the current versatile health-promoting foods' demand. Almond milk fermentation with probiotic Lactobacillus reuteri and Streptococcus thermophilus was studied by using a Central Composite design with response surface methodology, and different factors (glucose, ...
Kovács Anita A Institute of Physiology, Pécs University Medical - - 2014
Some members of the RFamide peptide family are associated with feeding in rodents. For example, neuropeptide FF and prolactin-releasing peptide cause anorexigenic, while 26RFa and QRFP result in orexigenic effects. I.c.v. microinjection of RFamide-related peptide-3 (RFRP-3) facilitates feeding. Feeding related effects of RFRP-3, however, haven't been studied after direct brain ...
Turski M P MP Department of Surgery and Surgical Nursing, Medical University, Lublin, - - 2014
Kynurenic acid (KYNA) was found to be an antagonist of iontropic glutamate receptors and alpha7 nicotinic acetylcholine receptors. Furthermore, it was documented that KYNA is an agonist of G-protein coupled GPR35 receptors which are mainly present in the gastrointestinal tract. It was also found that KYNA is present in the ...
Lee-Kwan Seung Hee - - 2014
Many persons underestimate the calories in restaurant foods. Increased attention has been given to menu labeling (ML) as a way to provide consumers with point-of-purchase information that can help them reduce calorie intake and make healthier dietary choices. In 2010, a federal law was passed requiring restaurants with 20 or ...
Thomson Barbara M BM a ESR Ltd, Food Group , Christchurch , New - - 2014
The impact of caffeine from energy drinks occurs against a background exposure from naturally occurring caffeine (coffee, tea, cocoa and foods containing these ingredients) and caffeinated beverages (kola type soft drinks). Background caffeine exposure, excluding energy drinks, was assessed for six New Zealand population groups aged 15 years and over (n = 4503) ...
Melnikov Sergey M SM Unilever Research & Development, Vlaardingen, The - - 2014
Simple aeration of food matrices with gas has previously been shown to generate immediate suppression of appetite, though duration of effects has not been shown. This research tested whether liquids aerated with nitrous oxide (N2 O) to achieve high in-body stability could produce enhanced and sustained effects on eating motivations. ...
Yen Haw-Han HH Department of Biology, Georgia State University, 24 Peachtree Center Ave NE, Suite 430SA, Atlanta, GA, 30303, - - 2014
The mesolimbic dopamine system is an important component of the neural circuitry controlling reward-related behavior. We have recently shown that the melanocortin peptides decrease normal homeostatic feeding through actions in the ventral tegmental area. It is unknown, however, whether melanocortin peptides can also act on dopamine pathways to regulate hedonic, ...
Guo Xiao-Hui XH College of Environmental and Resource Sciences, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou, - - 2014
Safe disposal of food waste is becoming an impending issue in China with the rapid increase of its production and the promotion of environmental awareness. Food waste from catering services in Hangzhou, China, was surveyed and characterized in this study. A questionnaire survey involving 632 units across the urban districts ...
Kim S B SB Environmental Technologies Branch, Chalk River Laboratories, Atomic Energy of Canada Limited, Canada K0J 1J0. Electronic address: - - 2014
Ingestion is one of the most important pathways to consider for calculating tritium dose to human beings. The objective of this study is to determine changes to TFWT and OBT concentrations in food as a result of its preparation for consumption. The contribution of OBT to the total tritium dose ...
Kakinami Lisa L Department of Epidemiology, Biostatistics and Occupational Health, McGill University, Montréal, Québec, Canada International Network for Research on Inequalities in Child Health (INRICH), Montréal, Québec, - - 2014
Childhood poverty is associated with poorer food consumption but longitudinal data are limited. The objective was to assess if food consumption differs depending on age (6, 7, 10 and 12 years) and pattern of poverty. Participants were from the 1998-2010 'Quebec Longitudinal Study of Child Development' birth cohort. Poverty was defined ...
Papanikolaou Yanni - - 2014
Following the publication of this article[1], we noted errors to tables 5 and 7. Corrected versions are presented below (Tables 1 and 2). We also noted that the third paragraph of the Discussion states that our data shows daily consumption of EPA and DHA of 0.41 g and 0.72 g, ...
Hu Xiao Juan XJ a State Key Laboratory of Food Science and Technology , Nanchang University , Nanchang , - - 2014
The potential influence of dietary phytoestrogen exposure on human health during different life phases including early childhood is a matter of scientific debate. In order to improve the risk-benefit assessment of exposure to dietary phytoestrogen, reliable and age-stratified exposure data are desirable. For contributing to the database on phytoestrogen exposure, ...
Bergamasco Christiane C Department of Gastroenterology, Surgical Gastroenterology Discipline (LIM 35), University of São Paulo School of Medicine, - - 2014
Background: The daily consumption of dietary fiber is frequently below suggested recommendations. Using a double-blind, controlled, randomized study, we assessed the efficiency and tolerance of a fiber-enriched orange juice to supplement fiber intake in women. Materials and Methods: After 1 week of noninterventional observation, 192 healthy adult women ingested 400 ...
Verburg Piet P National Institute of Water and Atmospheric Research, Hamilton, PO Box 11115, Hamilton 3251, New Zealand. Electronic address: - - 2014
Accumulation of Hg in aquatic organisms is influenced not only by the contaminant load but also by various environmental variables. We compared biomagnification of Hg in aquatic organisms, i.e., the rate at which Hg accumulates with increasing trophic position, in three lakes differing in trophic state. Total Hg (THg) concentrations ...
Seo Seulgi - - 2014
The effect of various food additives on the formation of carcinogenic 4(5)-methylimidazole (4-MI) in a caramel model system was investigated. The relationship between the levels of 4-MI and various pyrazines was studied. When glucose and ammonium hydroxide were heated, the amount of 4-MI was 556 ± 1.3 μg/mL, which increased ...
Błajet-Kosicka A A a Division of Physiology and Toxicology, Faculty of Natural Science , Institute of Experimental Biology, Kazimierz Wielki University , Bydgoszcz , - - 2014
In this study molds and 12 mycotoxins in dry pet food samples (25 for dogs and 24 for cats) were determined. Primary molds identified were Aspergillus, Mucor and Penicillium, found in 55% of the samples. Deoxynivalenol and zearalenone were detected in all samples with mean respective concentrations being 97.3 and ...
Bláha M M Faculty of Fishery and Protection of Waters, South Bohemian Research Centre of Aquaculture and Biodiversity of Hydrocenoses, University of South Bohemia in České Budějovice, Zátiší 728/II, 389 25 Vodňany, Czech - - 2014
Higher biomass especially of some aquatic macrophyte species offered a higher density of phytophilous zoobenthos, but did not increase the proportion of non-planktonic to planktonic prey in young-of-the-year perch Perca fluviatilis. Both abundance and biomass of non-planktonic prey dominated over planktonic prey in the pond with lower biomass of aquatic ...
Srivastava Saurabh S Department of Science and Technology, Center on Biomolecular Electronics, Biomedical Instrumentation Section, CSIR-National Physical Laboratory, New Delhi, 110012, - - 2014
We report results of the studies relating to the fabrication of a highly sensitive label free biosensor based on graphene oxide (GO) platform for the detection of aflatoxin B1 (AFB1) which is most toxic and predominant food toxin, using electrochemical impedance spectroscopy. The structural and optical characterization of GO/Au and ...
Kula Emanuel E Department of Forest Protection and Wildlife Management, Faculty of Forestry and Wood Technology, Mendel University in Brno, Zemědělská 3, 613 00, Brno, Czech Republic, - - 2014
We studied the response of gypsy moth (Lymantria dispar (Linnaeus) (Lepidoptera: Lymantriidae)) to the content of manganese in food in the laboratory breeding of caterpillars. The food of the caterpillars {Betula pendula Roth (Fagales: Betulaceae) leaves} was contaminated by dipping in the solution of MnCl2·4H2O with manganese concentrations of 0, ...
Allavena C C Infectious Diseases Department, CHU Hôtel Dieu, Nantes, - - 2014
Nevirapine is an inducer of hepatic metabolism. After discontinuation, nevirapine has an inductive effect on cytochrome P450 3A4, which persists for a few weeks and which, after switching to rilpivirine, may reduce rilpivirine exposures and have a negative clinical impact. This study evaluates the virological outcome, pharmacokinetics and safety of ...
Mervish Nancy N Department of Preventive Medicine, Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai, 1 Gustave L. Levy Place Box 1057, New York, NY 10029, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
Exposures of children to phthalates, parabens, and bisphenol-A (BPA) are of concern because of their hormonal potential. These agents are found in a wide range of foods and packaging. We investigated whether intake of certain foods predict exposures to these chemicals in young girls. Among 1101 girls (6-8 years at ...
Serrano Samantha E - - 2014
Phthalates are associated with a variety of health outcomes, but sources that may be targeted for exposure reduction messaging remain elusive. Diet is considered a significant exposure pathway for these compounds. Therefore, we sought to identify primary foods associated with increased exposure through a review of the food monitoring survey ...
McKeown Pascal P Queen's University - - 2014
Observational evidence indicates that polyphenol-rich foods, in particular berries and dark chocolate, have the potential to influence cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk.There are few polyphenol dietary intervention studies of sufficiently robust design that assess the effect of polyphenol-rich foods on a range of cardiovascular endpoints in hypertensive patients.The aim of this ...
Buckland-Nicks Amy A Acadia University, Wolfville, Nova Scotia, - - 2014
Dragonflies (Odonata: Anisoptera) are an important component of both aquatic and terrestrial food webs and are vectors for methylmercury (MeHg) biomagnification. Variations in mercury content with life stage and body regions may affect the relative transfer of mercury to aquatic or terrestrial food webs; however, there has been little research ...
Ghawi Sameer Khalil SK Department of Food and Nutritional Sciences, University of Reading, Whiteknights, Reading, RG6 6AP, - - 2014
There is strong evidence for the link between high dietary sodium and increased risk of cardiovascular disease which drives the need to reduce salt content in foods. In this study, herb and spice blends were used to enhance consumer acceptability of a low salt tomato soup (0.26% w/w). Subjects (n=148) ...
Zhou Ying Y Sino-Forest Applied Research Centre for Pearl River Delta Environment and Department of Biology, Hong Kong Baptist University, Hong Kong Special Administrative Region, PR - - 2014
Humification during co-composting of food waste, sawdust and Chinese medicinal herbal residues (CMHRs) was investigated to reveal its correlation with compost maturity. Food waste, sawdust and CMHRs were mixed at 5:5:1 and 1:1:1 (dry weight basis) while food waste:sawdust at 1:1 (dry wt. basis) served as control. Lime at 2.25% ...
Cheyns Karlien K Veterinary and Agrochemical Research Centre (VAR), Leuvensesteenweg 17, B-3080 Tervuren, Belgium; Division Soil and Water Management, KU Leuven, Kasteelpark Arenberg 20, B-3001 Leuven, - - 2014
Human exposure biomonitoring in the African Copperbelt (Katanga, southern D.R. Congo) revealed elevated cobalt (Co) exposure in the general population. This study was designed to identify the Co exposure routes for the non-occupationally exposed population in that area. The concentration of Co was measured in environmental and urine samples collected ...
Ziółkowski Hubert H Department of Pharmacology and Toxicology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Warmia and Mazury, Oczapowskiego Street 13, 10-718 Olsztyn, Poland. Electronic address: - - 2014
The objective of this study has been to determine the influence of food and ions on the pharmacokinetics of enrofloxacin (ENRO) in turkeys, administered per os at a dose of 10 mg/kg of body weight (b.w.). Co-administration of ENRO with ions or with food significantly retarded its absorption, and the interaction ...
Jaacks L M LM Department of Nutrition, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, - - 2014
To compare change in dietary intake, with an emphasis on food groups and food intake behaviour, over time across treatment arms in a diabetes prevention trial and to assess the differences in dietary intake among demographic groups within treatment arms. Data are from the Diabetes Prevention Program and Diabetes Prevention ...
Smith M M University Department of Ear, Nose and Throat Diseases, Medical University of Vienna, Vienna, - - 2014
The EC-funded EuroPrevall project examined the prevalence of food allergy across Europe. A well-established factor in the occurrence of food allergy is primary sensitization to pollen. To analyse geographic and temporal variations in pollen exposure, allowing the investigation of how these variations influence the prevalence and incidence of food allergies ...
Xu Su Yun SY Department of Environmental & Low-Carbon Science, School of Environment and Architecture, University of Shanghai for Science and Technology, Shanghai, China; Sino-Forest Applied Research Centre for Pearl River Delta Environment and Department of Biology, Hong Kong Baptist University, Hong Kong Special Administrative - - 2014
This study aimed at understanding the relationship between microbial community and extracellular enzyme activities of leach bed reactor (LBR) treating food waste under different leachate recirculation practices (once per day and continuous) and liquid to solid (L/S) ratios (1:1 and 0.5:1). Microbial community analysis using PCR-DGGE revealed that Lactobacillus sp., ...
Wang Ming M Department of Agriculture Biological Environment and Energy Engineering, School of Engineering, Northeast Agriculture University, No. 59 Mucai Street, Xiangfang District, Harbin 150030, PR - - 2014
A novel alternate feeding mode was introduced to study the possibilities of improving methane yield from anaerobic co-digestion of food waste (FW) with chicken manure (CM). Two kinds of feeding sequence (a day FW and next day CM (FM/CM), two days FM and the third day CM (FW/FM/CM)) were investigated ...
Schwander Flurina F Institute of Food Science, Agroscope, Federal Office of Agriculture, Berne, - - 2014
A dose-response strategy may not only allow investigation of the impact of foods and nutrients on human health but may also reveal differences in the response of individuals to food ingestion based on their metabolic health status. In a randomized crossover study, we challenged 19 normal-weight (BMI: 20-25 kg/m(2)) and ...
Sun Caihong C 1 Department of Children Health and Hygiene, School of Public Health, Harbin Medical University, 157 Baojian Road, 150081 Harbin, People's Republic of - - 2014
The present study aimed to (i) evaluate the reproducibility and validity of a designed FFQ, (ii) apply the FFQ for estimating the dietary intakes of four flavonols and two flavones in female adolescents and (iii) explain their major dietary sources. The reproducibility between the first and second FFQ administrations (1 ...
Weller Stephen S GlaxoSmithKline,1Research Triangle Park, NC, and 2Upper Providence, PA, - - 2014
The integrase inhibitor dolutegravir and nucleoside analogues abacavir and lamivudine are once-daily treatment options for HIV. This study (NCT01622790) evaluated, firstly, the bioequivalence of a fixed-dose combination (FDC) tablet containing dolutegravir 50 mg, abacavir 600 mg and lamivudine 300 mg (dolutegravir/abacavir/lamivudine FDC) vs co-administered dolutegravir 50 mg and abacavir/lamivudine combination ...
Mandal Bidisha B School of Economic Sciences, Washington State University, United States. Electronic address: - - 2014
This article studies two pathways in which selection into different types of child care settings may affect likelihood of childhood obesity. Frequency of intake of high energy-dense and low energy-dense food items may vary across care settings, affecting weight outcomes. We find that increased use of paid and regulated care ...
Ryu Ohk-Hyun OH Division of Endocrinology and Metabolism, Department of Internal Medicine, College of Medicine, Chuncheon Sacred Heart Hospital, Hallym University, 153, Gyo-dong, Chuncheon, Gangwon-do, 200-704, South - - 2014
Seasonal variations in lifestyle, such as food intake and physical activity, have been reported. Glycemic control in type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) may be affected by such changes. We investigated seasonal variations in glycemic control, food intake, and physical activity in type 2 diabetic patients. This prospective observational study included ...
Abbassi Feten F The Higher Institute of Biotechnology of Béja, University of Jendouba, Avenue Habib Bourguiba Béja, - - 2014
Squirting cucumber (Ecballium elaterium), is an indigenous species of the south of Europe and the Mediterranean basin, sometimes cultivated for its use as a medicinal plant. This study compared phenolic contents in Ecballium elaterium organs and their antimicrobial activities against some foodborne pathogens. Our results indicated that the plant organs ...
Kiran George Seghal - - 2014
As a potent antimicrobial agent, silver nanostructures have been used in nanosensors and nanomaterial-based assays for the detection of food relevant analytes such as organic molecules, aroma, chemical contaminants, gases and food borne pathogens. In addition silver based nanocomposites act as an antimicrobial for food packaging materials. In this prospective, ...
Crogan Neva L NL Gonzaga University, 502 E. Boone Ave., Spokane, WA 99258, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
The purpose of this study was to test the effect of the Sorbet Increases Salivation (SIS) intervention on resident food intake and body weight. Using a pre- post design, thirty-nine nursing home residents received 2 ounces of lemon-lime sorbet prior to lunch and dinner meals for 6 weeks. As a ...
Kumar Prasun P Microbial Biotechnology and Genomics, CSIR -Institute of Genomics and Integrative Biology (IGIB), Delhi University Campus, Mall Road, New Delhi, 110007 India ; Department of Biotechnology, University of Pune, Pune, 411007 - - 2014
Vegetable wastes (VW) and food wastes (FW) are generated in large quantities by municipal markets, restaurants and hotels. Waste slurries (250 ml) in 300 ml BOD bottles, containing 3, 5 and 7 % total solids (TS) were hydrolyzed with bacterial mixtures composed of: Bacillus, Acinetobacter, Exiguobacterium, Pseudomonas, Stenotrophomonas and Sphingobacterium species. Each of ...
Choi Jae-Suk JS RIS Center, IACF, Silla Univ, Sasang-gu, Busan, 617-736, Republic of Korea; Dept. of Bio-Food Materials, Silla Univ, Sasang-gu, Busan, 617-736, Republic of - - 2014
To develop a new preservation method, the antimicrobial activity of grapefruit seed extract (GSE) against Makgeolli-brewing microorganisms and food-borne pathogens was assessed, and a general analysis and sensory evaluation of fresh Makgeolli with added GSE was made. The minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) values of GSE against 10 strains of Makgeolli-brewing ...
Lee Jungmin J United States Department of Agriculture, Agricultural Research Service, Horticultural Crops Research Unit Worksite, 29603 U of I Ln., Parma, ID, 83660, USA, - - 2014
There is currently no standard for the minimum anthocyanin concentration a black raspberry dietary supplement must contain for legal sale in the US. All consumer available black raspberry products (n = 19), packaged as dietary supplements or otherwise prepared (freeze-dried whole and pre-ground powders), were purchased and analyzed for their anthocyanin composition ...
Kpoclou Euloge Yénoukounmè EY a Department of Nutrition and Food Science, Faculty of Agronomic Sciences , University of Abomey-Calavi , Cotonou , - - 2014
Smoked shrimp is a food condiment widely used in Beninese local cooking practices. A previous study revealed that this product is highly contaminated with polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAH). The present study explored possibilities to reduce PAH levels in shrimp smoked using cottage industry smoking techniques with barrel and chorkor kilns, ...
Metzmann Katrin - - 2014
Objective: The objectives of the studies reported here were to determine the relative bioavailability of linagliptin and metformin when administered in a fixeddose combination (FDC) tablet with and without food, and to investigate the relative bioavailability of linagliptin and metformin FDC tablets from two treatment batches with different dissolution behavior. ...
Bastarrachea Luis J LJ Dept. of Food Science, Univ. of Massachusetts, 102 Holdsworth way, Amherst, MA 01003, - - 2014
Development of antimicrobial materials that regenerate antimicrobial activity represents a novel technology in preventing microbial cross-contamination. We report a method for the application of regenerably antimicrobial N-halamines onto the surface of polyethylene (PE) materials through layer-by-layer (LbL) assembly of polyethyleneimine and poly(acrylic acid). A total of 5, 10, 15, and ...
Ahn Juhee J Department of Medical Biomaterials Engineering, Kangwon national University, Chuncheon, Gangwon, 200-701, Republic of Korea; Research Institute of Bioscience and Biotechnology, Kangwon national University, Chuncheon, Gangwon, 200-701, Republic of - - 2014
The effect of pressure-assisted thermal processing (PATP) on the inactivation of Geobacillus stearothermophilus spores was determined in deionized water, cooked ground beef, egg patty mince, whole milk, and mashed potatoes at 105 °C under 500 and 700 MPa. The numbers of G. stearothermophilus spores in deionized water and milk were reduced ...
Abuhaloob Lamis L Ministry of Health, Ramallah, State of - - 2014
Children in Gaza Strip suffer from a high prevalence of dental fluorosis. To estimate and compare total daily fluoride (F) intake (TDFI) and investigate the relative contributions of different sources of F to TDFI, in 3- to 4-year-old children in Gaza Strip, exposed to low (<0.7 mg/litre), moderate (0.7-1.2 mg/litre) or high ...
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >