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Wang Jiajia J Key Laboratory of Synthetic and Natural Functional Molecule, Chemistry of Ministry of Education, College of Chemistry and Materials Science, Northwest University, Xi'an 710069, - - 2013
Based on the inhibitory effect of uric acid (UA) on luminol-Co(2+) chemiluminescence (CL) system, a sensitive method for the determination of UA at nanomolar level by flow injection (FI) CL was proposed. The proposed method was successfully applied to real-time monitoring of UA excretion in human 24 h urine with different ...
Shafique Muhammad M Department of Gastroenterological Surgery, Akershus University Hospital, 1478 Lørenskog, - - 2013
Aim. Large food bits can get stuck in the esophagus and must be removed by endoscopy. In some cases, this can be difficult or unsafe. We describe a new and safe treatment for such patients. Materials and Methods. 100 consecutive patients were referred to Akershus University Hospital with impacted food ...
Fukui Naoki N Osaka Prefectural Institute of Public - - 2013
A rapid multi-residue method for determination of pesticide residues in processed foods manufactured from agricultural products was examined. Five mL water was added to 5 g sample in a polypropylene tube, and the tube was left to stand at room temperature for 30 min. Then, 20 mL acetonitrile was added ...
Alonso M A Tejedor MA Allergy Unit, Hospital Universitario Fundacion Alcorcón, Alcorcón, Spain. - - 2013
Anaphylaxis is a potentially fatal condition, and many patients experience recurrence. We report the incidence of first recurrence of anaphylaxis in our series and examine the risk factors associated with recurrence. A validated questionnaire was sent to 1512 patients and completed by 887. The chosen definition of anaphylaxis was that ...
Tsubota-Utsugi Megumi M Section of the Dietary Reference Intakes, Department of Nutritional Epidemiology, National Institute of Health and - - 2013
This study was performed to: (1) assess the prevalence of dietary supplement and fortified food use, (2) examine the differences in vitamin E intake with and without dietary supplementation and/or fortified food use, and (3) determine whether some individuals consume vitamin E above the tolerable upper intake level (UL). Data ...
Gacek Maria - - 2013
The locus of health control is one of the individual characteristics determining the diet of an individual. The aim of this study was to analyse the consumption frequency of selected food products depending on the locus of health control in a group of pregnant women residing in a small town ...
Starski Andrzej - - 2013
The compound 3-monochloropropano-1,2-diol, (3-MCPD) is a contaminant found in foodstuffs that arises during food processing and storage. Conditions condusive to the former are low pH and a high temperature and it can also be formed during manufacturing, ie. food processing. Those favouring the latter are dampness, raised temperatures, packaging conditions ...
Radziszewska Elżbieta E Department of Behavioral Pathophysiology, Institute of General and Experimental Pathology, Medical University of Lodz, Lodz, - - 2013
Glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) and endocannabinoids are involved in appetite control. Recently we have demonstrated that cannabinoid (CB)1 receptor antagonist and GLP-1 receptor agonist synergistically suppress food intake in the rat. The aim of the present study was to determine the effects of GLP-1 receptor stimulation or blockade on feeding behavior ...
Vanden Berghe Dirk A DA Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Faculty of Pharmaceutical, Biomedical and Veterinary Sciences, University of Antwerp, Antwerp, Belgium. - - 2013
: This article is in response to Jugdaohsingh et al.: The silicon supplement 'Monomethylsilanetriol' is safe and increases the body pool of silicon in healthy Pre-menopausal women. Nutrition & Metabolism 2013 10:37: http://www.nutritionandmetabolism.com/content/10/1/37 The response from the authors is published as Jugdaohsingh et al.: Response to Prof D. Vanden Berghe ...
Oken Emily E Department of Population Medicine, Harvard Medical School and the Harvard Pilgrim Health Care Institute, 133 Brookline Avenue, Boston, MA 02215, USA. - - 2013
Nutritionists advise pregnant women to eat fish to obtain adequate docosahexaenoic acid (DHA), an essential nutrient important for optimal brain development. However, concern exists that this advice will lead to excess intake of methylmercury, a developmental neurotoxicant. Conduct a pilot intervention to increase consumption of high-DHA, low-mercury fish in pregnancy. ...
Dilip T R - - 2013
Inequities in a population in spending on food and non-food items can contribute to disparities in health status. The Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Scheme (MGNREGS) was launched in rural India in 2006, aimed at providing at least 100 days of manual work to a member in needy households. ...
Dinsmore Stephen J - - 2012
Pyrethroid insecticides containing deltamethrin provide broad spectrum insect control that can adversely affect food supplies of insectivorous birds. I hypothesized that this could result in lowered nest survival for a ground-nesting insectivorous bird, the Mountain Plover (Charadrius montanus), which preferentially nests on prairie dog colonies. I studied Mountain Plover nest ...
Zhou Peiqing - - 2012
Batch anaerobic co-digestion studies were conducted using 21 mixtures (M1-M21) of food waste (FW), primary sludge (PS), and waste activated sludge (WAS) at 37°C and an initial pH of 5.5±0.2. The results showed that co-digestion of FW and sludges had a positive impact on the hydrogen production. The maximum hydrogen ...
Cardoso I - - 2013
There is little objective information regarding nutrition transition in African countries. We assessed trends in nutrition patterns in the Seychelles between 1989 and 2011. Population-based samples were obtained in 1989, 1994 and 2011 and participants aged 25-44 are considered in this study (n=493, 599 and 471, respectively). Similar, although not ...
Zhao Feng - - 2012
We studied the effects of salinity on survival, growth, food conversion efficiency and plasma osmolality of juvenile Siganus guttatus in two independent experiments. In the first experiment, fish were transferred from 30 ‰ salinity to freshwater, 5, 10, 20 and 30 ‰ salinities for 192 h. No fish died when transferred directly from ...
Cheng Zhang - - 2012
This study investigated the extent of arsenic (As) contamination in five common species of freshwater fish (northern snakehead [Channa argus], mandrarin fish [Siniperca chuatsi], largemouth bass [Lepomis macrochirous], bighead carp [Aristichthys nobilis] and grass carp [Ctenopharyngodon idellus]) and their associated fish pond sediments collected from 18 freshwater fish ponds around ...
Weisse K - - 2013
Vitamin D levels are known to be associated with atopic disease development; however, existing data are controversial. The aim of this study was to investigate whether corresponding maternal and cord blood vitamin D levels are associated with atopic outcomes in early infancy. Within the LINA cohort study (Lifestyle and environmental ...
Perharič Lucija - - 2012
In Slovenia, a mass poisoning incident involving 73 consumers with symptoms such as dry mouth, hot red skin, blurred vision, tachycardia, urinary retention, ataxia, speech disturbance, disorientation and visual hallucinations occurred in 2003. In all cases, consumers had eaten buckwheat flour food products within the last few hours. Investigations by ...
Huwe J K - - 2012
Since 1991 the US Department of Agriculture (USDA) has conducted annual surveys of pesticide residues in foods under the Agricultural Marketing Service's Pesticide Data Program (PDP). To assess chemical residues in domestically marketed catfish products, 1479 catfish samples were collected during the 2008-2010 PDPs. A subset of 202 samples was ...
Ding Chao - - 2012
Human exposure to polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) and halogenated PAHs (HPAHs) via food consumption is still not clear in south China so far. The goals of this work are to assess human exposure to parent and halogenated PAHs via food ingestion and the cancer risk for population in Shenzhen, a ...
Lockard Laura - - 2012
Selenium (Se) is an essential micronutrient with a narrow therapeutic concentration range. The relative toxicity of Se increases as it is biotransformed into organic compounds, primarily selenomethionine (SeMet), within the aquatic food chain. Effects of aquatic Se contamination are well quantified for many freshwater fish and aquatic bird species, but ...
Prakash Bhanu - - 2012
The study explores the efficacy of Cinnamomum glaucescens essential oil (EO) as insecticidal, antifungal, antiaflatoxin and antioxidant agent so as to recommend its application as plant based preservatives for food commodities. The study reports the chemical characterization of C. glaucescens oil and its 100% insecticidal activity against insect pest Callosobruchus ...
Adenugba Adeola A - - 2012
The level of polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) contamination in ready meals was investigated to determine exposure compared to other foodstuffs. Chilled ready meals from nine categories (ambient, Chinese, Indian, Traditional UK, Italian, American Tex-Mex, Vegetarian and Organic), and three samples within each category were Soxhlet extracted in triplicate with hexane for ...
Lin Yunqin - - 2012
Co-digestion of pulp and paper sludge (PPS) and food waste (FW) in a batch-fed digestion system was conducted on a laboratory scale. Three reactors named A1, A2, and A3 were tested. PPS and FW mixed at different mass ratios of 1:3, 1:1, and 3:1, respectively, were loaded in the reactors. ...
Waegeneers Nadia - - 2012
The total selenium content of about 800 food products purchased in Belgium was determined and combined with food records to determine the nutritional selenium status of Belgian people. The largest selenium concentrations (>1 mg kg(-1)) were found in Brazil nuts and offal, of which the consumption is limited. Usually consumed food groups ...
Myszkowski L - - 2013
In a 40 day experiment, barbel Barbus barbus juveniles were fed a dry diet continuously, or food was withheld for 2, 5 or 10 days, and then resumed feeding. Improved feed utilization efficiency allowed fish deprived of food for 2 or 5 days to fully compensate for body mass loss. ...
Lau Fiona K - - 2012
Perchlorate (ClO(4)(-)) is ubiquitous in the environment and inhibits the thyroid's uptake of iodide. Food and tap water are likely sources of environmental exposure to perchlorate. The aim of this study was to identify significant dietary sources of perchlorate using perchlorate measured in urine as an exposure indicator. Sample-weighted, age-stratified ...
Witbracht Megan G MG Department of Nutrition, University of California, Davis, CA, - - 2013
Dairy food enhances weight loss in animal models, possibly by modifying the metabolic effects of cortisol. This study determined in overweight women (ages 20.0-45.9 y; n = 51) whether including dairy food in an energy-restricted diet affects cortisol concentrations and whether differences in provoked cortisol explain the magnitude of weight ...
Schebendach Janet J New York State Psychiatric Institute, 1051 Riverside Drive, Unit 98, New York, NY 10032, USA. - - 2013
Binge eating is a core clinical feature of bulimia nervosa (BN). Enhanced reinforcing value of food may play a role in this behavioral disturbance, but a systematic behavioral assessment of objective measures of the rewarding value of binge eating is lacking. The purpose of this study was to quantify the ...
Foster Karen L - - 2012
While much research has been carried out on mercury in large marine mammals and associated food webs in northern regions, comparatively less has been conducted on lower trophic levels including zooplankton and the subsequent transfer to predators, which marks the entry of mercury into northern marine food webs. We present ...
da Cunha Leandro Rodrigues - - 2012
Breast milk samples collected from 18 nursing mothers between the 15th and 90th day of lactation were digested in nitric acid in a microwave, and total mercury (THg) levels were quantified by atomic fluorescence spectrometry. Participants responded to a 24-h dietary recall questionnaire on the 74th and 76th day of ...
Lee Min-Soo - - 2012
To assess the relative severity of nausea in patients from Korea with major depressive disorder (MDD) who were treated with duloxetine at low (30 mg) or high (60 mg) doses, with or without food, for the first week of an 8 week treatment. Adult patients (n=249), with MDD and a ...
Ma Xinying - - 2013
This paper describes a novel electrochemical method for the determination of Sudan I in food samples based on the electrochemical catalytic activity of graphene modified glassy carbon electrode (GMGCE) and the enhancement effect of an anionic surfactant: sodium dodecyl sulphonate (SDS). Using pH 6.0 phosphate buffer solution (PBS) as supporting ...
Jabeen Hafiza Sumara - - 2012
Amaranth (E123) and Allura red (E129), very important food azo dyes used in food, drug, paper, cosmetic and textile industries, were assessed for their genotoxic potential through comet assay in yeast cells. Comet assay was standardized by with different concentration of H(2)O(2). Concentrations of Amaranth and Allura red were maintained ...
Poblaciones María J - - 2012
Selenium (Se), which has antioxidant, anticancer, and antiviral properties, is an essential micronutrient for humans and animals. This micronutrient is found in high quantity in legumes. Peas have an ever-increasing importance in Spain, and to increase their nutritional value, two foliar Se fertilizers: sodium selenate and sodium selenite, at five ...
Sagong Hun-Gu - - 2013
This study was performed to compare the effectiveness of ultrasound treatment singly and in combination with surfactants as an alternative method to conventional sanitizers containing chlorine for reducing numbers of Bacillus cereus spores on fresh produce. A cocktail of three strains of B. cereus (10876, ATCC 13061, and W-1) spores ...
Sirot Véronique - - 2012
Mycotoxins are produced in plants by micro-fungi species, and naturally contaminated the food chain. In the second French total diet study (TDS), mycotoxins were analyzed in 577 food samples collected in mainland France to be representative of the population diet and prepared « as consumed». Highest mean concentrations were found ...
Chrysohoou Christina - - 2012
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this work was to evaluate the correlation between the amount of weekly fish intake and kidney function as measured by creatinine clearance (CCr) rate among elderly inhabitants of Ikaria Island, a place that has been related to an increased rate of longevity. METHODS: From June to ...
Han E J - - 2012
The severity of Listeria monocytogenes infections emphasizes the need for prevention or elimination of the pathogen from dairy products. Lactococcus lactis KC24, isolated from kimchi, exhibited an antimicrobial effect against food pathogens, including L. monocytogenes ATCC 15313. Lactococcus lactis KC24 was cultured in a 5-L jar fermenter at 35°C, and ...
Thiagarajah Krisha - - 2012
A potential strategy for decreasing food waste in foodservice operations is trayless dining. The objective of this 2010 study was to compare the impact of using a tray vs a trayless system on plate waste and on employees' attitudes. To test the hypothesis that going trayless would reduce waste, liquid ...
Kim S B - - 2012
In order to determine the rate of organically bound tritium (OBT) formation, rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) were exposed to tritiated water (HTO) or OBT-spiked food. The HTO (in water) exposure study was conducted using a tritium activity concentration of approximately 7000Bq/L and the OBT (in food) exposure study was conducted ...
Körpe Didem Aksoy - - 2012
The aim of this study was to comparatively evaluate antibacterial activities of methanol (MetOH) and aqueous (dw) leaf (L), root (R) and seed (S) extracts of Urtica dioica L. (Ud; stinging nettle) and Urtica pilulifera L. (Up; Roman nettle) on both food- and plant-borne pathogens, with total phenolic contents and ...
Brasso Rebecka L - - 2012
Remote regions such as the Antarctic have become increasingly important for investigations into far-reaching anthropogenic impacts on the environment, most recently in regard to the global mercury cycle. Spatial patterns of mercury availability in four regions of the Antarctic Peninsula were investigated using three species of sympatrically breeding Pygoscelis penguins ...
Ordiano-Flores Alfredo - - 2012
Mercury and selenium concentrations were determined in muscle of 37 yellowfin tuna (Thunnus albacares) captured aboard of Mexican purse-seiners boats off western coast of Baja California Sur, between Punta Eugenia and Cabo Falso, from October to December 2006. Also, its prey (mainly, jumbo squid Dosidicus gigas and pelagic red crab ...
Varga Elisabeth - - 2012
Beer is one of the most popular beverages worldwide. Malted cereal grains are among the basic ingredients and hence mycotoxin contamination might occur. Previous studies reported the presence of the Fusarium mycotoxins deoxynivalenol (DON) and 3-acetyl-deoxynivalenol (3ADON), as well as of the masked mycotoxin deoxynivalenol-3-glucoside (D3G) in beer. In the ...
Schaap Manon W H - - 2012
Buprenorphine is commonly used as (part of) postoperative analgesic treatment with dosage dependent side-effects such as pica behaviour. No strict consensus exists about the optimal dosing interval of buprenorphine, as its duration of action has been described as being in the range of 6-12 h. In this study, dosing intervals ...
Liu Yuan-Yuan - - 2012
When food is available during a restricted and predictable time of the day, mammals exhibit food-anticipatory activity (FAA), an increase in locomotor activity preceding the presentation of food. Although many studies have attempted to locate the food-entrainable circadian oscillator in the central nervous system, the pathways that mediate food entrainment ...
Brown Dan - - 2012
Food and yard wastes are available year round at low cost and have the potential to complement each other for SS-AD. The goal of this study was to determine optimal feedstock/effluent (F/E) and food waste/yard waste mixing ratios for optimal biogas production. Co-digestion of yard and food waste was carried ...
Langkamp-Henken Bobbi - - 2012
The intake of whole-grain (WG) foods by adolescents is reported to be approximately one-third the recommended intake of 48 g/d. This 6-wk randomized interventional study determined the effect of replacing grains within the diet with refined-grain (RG; n = 42) or WG (n = 41) foods/d on gastrointestinal and immune ...
Brimblecombe Julie - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To examine the feasibility of using point-of-sale data to assess dietary quality of food sales in remote stores. DESIGN: A multi-site cross-sectional assessment of food and nutrient composition of food sales. Point-of-sale data were linked to Australian Food and Nutrient Data and compared across study sites and with nutrient ...
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