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Results 301 - 350 of 2413
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Kim Seungjin - - 2013
The purpose of this study was to enhance the efficiency of anaerobic co-digestion with sewage sludge using pretreatment technologies and food waste. We studied the effects of various pretreatment methods (thermal, chemical, ultrasonic, and their combination) on hydrogen production and the characteristics of volatile fatty acids (VFAs) using sewage sludge ...
Gulluce Medine - - 2013
Mentha is a medicinal and aromatic plant belonging to the Lamiaceae family, which is widely used in food, flavor, cosmetic and pharmaceutical industries. Recently, it has been found that the use of Mentha as a pharmaceutical source is based on its phytochemical constituents that have far been identified as tannins, ...
Veyrand Bruno - - 2013
In the frame of the second French Total Diet Study (TDS), the 15+1 EU priority polycyclic aromatics hydrocarbons (PAHs) were analyzed in 725 foodstuffs habitually consumed by the French population, using gas chromatography coupled to tandem mass spectrometry, after pressurized liquid extraction and purification on PS-DVB stationary phase. The highest ...
Martínez-Abad Antonio - - 2013
Although silver is being extensively used in food or other applications as the key component to control microbial proliferation, many factors affecting its real potential are still unknown. In the present work, the presence of specific ligands or the contents in organic matter was correlated with silver speciation and its ...
McGrath Terry F - - 2013
The safety of our food is an essential requirement of society. One well-recognised threat is that of chemical contamination of our food, where low-molecular-weight compounds such as biotoxins, drug residues and pesticides are present. Low-cost, rapid screening procedures are sought to discriminate the suspect samples from the population, thus selecting ...
Ribeiro-Silva Rita de Cássia - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the association between food and nutrition insecurity and asthma in children from Latin America. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. SETTING: São Francisco do Conde, Bahia, north-eastern Brazil. SUBJECTS: The study included 1307 children aged 6-12 years from public elementary schools. Asthma symptoms were collected using a questionnaire that was ...
von Goetz Natalie - - 2013
Food storage containers with embedded silver as an antibacterial agent promise longer durability of food. For risk assessment the release of this silver into the stored food and resulting human exposure need to be known. For the purpose of exposure assessment, silver migration from commercial plastic containers with declared content ...
Kavoosi Gholamreza - - 2013
  Carum copticum and Ferula assafoetida have several medicinal properties including antispasmodic, carminative, sedative, analgesic, and antiseptic. Reactive oxygen species (ROS), reactive nitrogen species (RNS), hydrogen peroxide (H(2) O(2) ), and thiobarbituric acid reactive substances (TBARS) scavenging activities of Carum and Ferula oils along with their antibacterial and antifungal activities ...
Ensaff Hannah - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: To examine students' school food choice in relation to school food standards and entitlement to free school meals (FSM). DESIGN: Cross-sectional analysis of students' school food choices. SETTING: Two large secondary schools in Yorkshire, England. SUBJECTS: Students (n 2660) aged 11-18 years. RESULTS: Sandwiches and pizza were the most ...
Shi Jingchun - - 2013
Marine edible fish samples were collected from two important nearshore fishing sites in the eastern Guangdong Province, China: Shantou Harbor and Haimen Bay. In the mixed edible muscle tissues of marine fish samples, the concentrations of polychlorinated biphenyls, dichlorodiphenyltrichloroethanes (DDTs), hexachlorocyclohexanes (HCHs), chlordanes, and hexachlorobenzene ranged from 1.12 to 53.87, ...
Sasaki Tetsuya - - 2013
Fish sauce prepared from squid organs contains cadmium (Cd), which may be present at hazardous concentrations. In this study, we report a new, inexpensive, and acceptable method for removing Cd from fish sauce using tannin, which is an approved food additive in Japan. Thirteen-fold decreases in Cd concentrations were observed ...
Vandevijvere Stefanie - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: Lycopene is a potent antioxidant, and it has been suggested that intake of tomatoes and tomato products containing lycopene is associated with a decreased risk of various chronic diseases. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the distribution of dietary lycopene intake in the Belgian population and ...
Li Xiaojing - - 2013
An RP LC-ESI-MS/MS method for the determination of the migration of 16 primary phthalic acid esters from plastic samples has been developed using distilled water, 3% acetic acid, 10% alcohol, and olive oil as food simulants. Detection limits were 1.6-18.5 μg/kg in distilled water, 1.4-17.3 μg/kg in 3% acetic acid, 1.4-19.2 μg/kg in ...
Yu Feng-Yih - - 2013
A direct competitive chemiluminescent enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (CL-ELISA) for determination of aflatoxin B1 (AFB1) was developed. To improve the assay sensitivity, a mixture of 3-(10'-phenothiazinyl)-propane-1-sulfonate and 4-morpholinopyridine previously optimized by a factorial design was used as enhancer of horseradish peroxidase-induced chemiluminescence. Varying the concentrations of the coating anti-AFB1 antibody and ...
Kuranchie-Mensah Harriet - - 2013
The study was carried out to determine the levels of organochlorine pesticide residue in five fish species Chrysichthys nigrodigitatus, Hepsetus odoe, Tilapia zilli, Heterotis niloticus and Oreochromis niloticus from the Densu river basin (Weija) in Ghana. The fishes sampled from the Weija fish landing site were selected on the basis ...
Scourboutakos Mary J - - 2013
To evaluate the sodium levels in Canadian restaurant and fast-food chain menu items. Nutrition information was collected from the websites of major sit-down (n=20) and fast-food (n=65) restaurants across Canada in 2010 and a database was constructed. Four thousand and forty-four meal items, baked goods, side dishes and children's items ...
Liew Woei Kang - - 2013
We have noticed changes in paediatric anaphylaxis triggers locally in Singapore. We aimed to describe the demographic characteristics, clinical features, causative agents and management of children presenting with anaphylaxis. This is a retrospective study of Singaporean children presenting with anaphylaxis between January 2005 and December 2009 to a tertiary paediatric ...
Grêaux Kimberly - - 2013
As in most countries around the globe, overweight and obesity are a major threat to public health on the Caribbean island of Aruba. Increasing evidence confirms that breastfeeding protects against overweight and obesity. However, little is known about the mechanism underlying the association between breastfeeding and obesity. One possibility is ...
Bublin Merima - - 2013
While kiwifruit has a high nutritive and health value, a small proportion of the world's population appears to be allergic to the fruit. IgE-mediated kiwifruit allergy is often associated with birch and grass pollinosis as well as with latex allergy. Isolated allergy to kiwifruit is also relatively common and often ...
Strathmann S - - 2013
Objectives: In nursing homes malnutrition among residents is widespread. Because residents place part of their personal freedom of choice into institutional hands, institution-specific factors may influence nutritional status of residents. Design: Multi-centre cross-sectional study. Setting: 10 nation-wide German nursing homes. Participants: 714 exclusively orally fed residents (aged 65 years and ...
Berger Ritchie Jennifer A - - 2013
In the last decade, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has issued several warnings and recalls for food products that exceed FDA standards for lead. Products containing chili peppers and salt were often suspected as sources of lead contamination, and included items such as candy that are routinely investigated. ...
Pouilly Marc - - 2013
We examined mercury concentrations in three fish assemblages to estimate biomagnification rates in the Iténez main river, affected by anthropogenic activities, and two unperturbed rivers from the Iténez basin, Bolivian Amazon. Rivers presented low to moderate water mercury concentrations (from 1.25 ng L(-1) to 2.96 ng L(-1)) and natural differences ...
Tran Tuyet-Hanh Thi - - 2013
Background: A public health intervention program with active involvement of local related stakeholders was piloted in the Bien Hoa dioxin hotspot (2007-2009), and then expanded to the Da Nang dioxin hotspot in Vietnam (2009-2011). It aimed to reduce the risk of dioxin exposure of local residents through foods. This article ...
Chakraborty Kajal - - 2013
To evaluate the antioxidant activities and total phenolic contents of brown seaweeds belonging to Turbinaria spp. [Turbinaria conoides (T. conoides) and Turbinaria ornata (T. ornata) collected from Gulf of Mannar of southeastern coast of India in various in vitro systems. The antioxidant activity was evaluated using different in vitro systems, ...
Seliske Laura - - 2013
The primary study objective was to examine whether the presence of food retailers surrounding schools was associated with students' lunchtime eating behaviours. The secondary objective was to determine whether measures of the food retail environment around schools captured using road network or circular buffers were more strongly related to eating ...
Martínez-Sellés Manuel - - 2013
Essential thrombocythaemia (ET) is a rare clonal myeloproliferative disorder characterized by a sustained elevation in platelet count and megakaryocyte hyperplasia. Anagrelide is used in the treatment of ET, where it has been shown to reduce platelet count. Anagrelide is metabolized by cytochrome P450 (CYP) 1A2, and previous studies of the ...
Feng Shengbao - - 2013
The α-amylase and α-glucosidase inhibition activity of 92 Traditional Chinese Medicinal (TCM) herbs, which are permitted to be used as food ingredients, were evaluated using the high throughput assay developed in our laboratory. Among these herbs, twenty-seven of them possessed significant α-amylase inhibition activities ranging from 2.4 to 349.2 μmol ...
Sakuma Hisako - - 2013
Mycotoxins are commonly present in cereal grains and are not completely destroyed during their cooking and processing. When mycotoxins contaminate staple foods, the risk for exposure becomes serious. In East Asia, including Japan, rice is consumed as a staple food, and with the increasingly Westernized lifestyle, the consumption of wheat ...
Chamannejadian Ali - - 2013
The excessive amounts of cadmium and lead in food chain can cause health problems for humans and ecosystem. Rice is an important food in human diet. Therefore this study was conducted in order to investigate cadmium and Lead concentrations in seed rice (Oryza saliva) of paddy fields in southwest of ...
Tiainen Anna-Maija K - - 2013
Personality traits are associated with health outcomes including non-communicable diseases. This could be partly explained by lifestyle related factors including diet. The personality traits neuroticism, extraversion, openness, agreeableness, and conscientiousness are linked with resilience, meaning adaptability in challenging situations. Resilient people usually comply with favorable health behaviors. Our objective was ...
Tang Yuchong - - 2013
Abstract The behavioral responses of foraging adults of Kallima inachus (Boisduval) (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae) to four colors and to six different fermented fruit juices were observed in order to determine the cues used by foraging adults. According to the results, adults did not show a behavioral response to red, yellow, purple, ...
Iwasaka Hiroaki - - 2013
In the food industry, syrups containing a high concentration of sugar used for fruit preservation is abundantly discharged as a food processing waste and disposed by incineration, resulting in the rise of the manufacturing cost and environmental pollution. This study demonstrates how waste syrup can be utilized as carbon source ...
Nabeshi Hiromi - - 2013
It is important to obtain information about ways of removing radioactive cesium from foods in order to reduce internal radiation exposure from food and to ensure the safety and security of food. In this study, we investigated the change of radioactive cesium content in beef due to soaking in seasoning. ...
Almeda Rodrigo - - 2013
Gelatinous zooplankton play an important role in marine food webs both as major consumers of metazooplankton and as prey of apex predators (e.g., tuna, sunfish, sea turtles). However, little is known about the effects of crude oil spills on these important components of planktonic communities. We determined the effects of ...
Muñoz-Pareja Maritza - - 2013
Obesity-related eating behaviors (OREB) are associated with higher energy intake. Total energy intake can be decomposed into the following constituents: food portion size, food energy density, the number of eating occasions, and the energy intake from energy-rich beverages. To our knowledge this is the first study to examine the association ...
Shutto Yoshiko - - 2013
Hyperphosphatemia is an important determinant of morbidity and mortality in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD). Patients with CKD are advised to consume a low phosphate diet and are often prescribed phosphate-lowering drug therapy. However, commercially processed food and drinks often contain phosphate compounds, but the phosphate level is not ...
Milovanovic Ivan - - 2013
The purpose of this study was to resolve the question of whether various selenium concentrations affect the ability of eight species, members of five genera, to produce mycelium biomass and absorb this trace element during submerged cultivation in Na2SeO3-enriched medium. The obtained results demonstrated the ability of mycelia of all ...
Wang Jiajia J Key Laboratory of Synthetic and Natural Functional Molecule, Chemistry of Ministry of Education, College of Chemistry and Materials Science, Northwest University, Xi'an 710069, - - 2013
Based on the inhibitory effect of uric acid (UA) on luminol-Co(2+) chemiluminescence (CL) system, a sensitive method for the determination of UA at nanomolar level by flow injection (FI) CL was proposed. The proposed method was successfully applied to real-time monitoring of UA excretion in human 24 h urine with different ...
Shafique Muhammad M Department of Gastroenterological Surgery, Akershus University Hospital, 1478 Lørenskog, - - 2013
Aim. Large food bits can get stuck in the esophagus and must be removed by endoscopy. In some cases, this can be difficult or unsafe. We describe a new and safe treatment for such patients. Materials and Methods. 100 consecutive patients were referred to Akershus University Hospital with impacted food ...
Fukui Naoki N Osaka Prefectural Institute of Public - - 2013
A rapid multi-residue method for determination of pesticide residues in processed foods manufactured from agricultural products was examined. Five mL water was added to 5 g sample in a polypropylene tube, and the tube was left to stand at room temperature for 30 min. Then, 20 mL acetonitrile was added ...
Alonso M A Tejedor MA Allergy Unit, Hospital Universitario Fundacion Alcorcón, Alcorcón, Spain. - - 2013
Anaphylaxis is a potentially fatal condition, and many patients experience recurrence. We report the incidence of first recurrence of anaphylaxis in our series and examine the risk factors associated with recurrence. A validated questionnaire was sent to 1512 patients and completed by 887. The chosen definition of anaphylaxis was that ...
Tsubota-Utsugi Megumi M Section of the Dietary Reference Intakes, Department of Nutritional Epidemiology, National Institute of Health and - - 2013
This study was performed to: (1) assess the prevalence of dietary supplement and fortified food use, (2) examine the differences in vitamin E intake with and without dietary supplementation and/or fortified food use, and (3) determine whether some individuals consume vitamin E above the tolerable upper intake level (UL). Data ...
Gacek Maria - - 2013
The locus of health control is one of the individual characteristics determining the diet of an individual. The aim of this study was to analyse the consumption frequency of selected food products depending on the locus of health control in a group of pregnant women residing in a small town ...
Starski Andrzej - - 2013
The compound 3-monochloropropano-1,2-diol, (3-MCPD) is a contaminant found in foodstuffs that arises during food processing and storage. Conditions condusive to the former are low pH and a high temperature and it can also be formed during manufacturing, ie. food processing. Those favouring the latter are dampness, raised temperatures, packaging conditions ...
Radziszewska Elżbieta E Department of Behavioral Pathophysiology, Institute of General and Experimental Pathology, Medical University of Lodz, Lodz, - - 2013
Glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) and endocannabinoids are involved in appetite control. Recently we have demonstrated that cannabinoid (CB)1 receptor antagonist and GLP-1 receptor agonist synergistically suppress food intake in the rat. The aim of the present study was to determine the effects of GLP-1 receptor stimulation or blockade on feeding behavior ...
Vanden Berghe Dirk A DA Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Faculty of Pharmaceutical, Biomedical and Veterinary Sciences, University of Antwerp, Antwerp, Belgium. - - 2013
: This article is in response to Jugdaohsingh et al.: The silicon supplement 'Monomethylsilanetriol' is safe and increases the body pool of silicon in healthy Pre-menopausal women. Nutrition & Metabolism 2013 10:37: http://www.nutritionandmetabolism.com/content/10/1/37 The response from the authors is published as Jugdaohsingh et al.: Response to Prof D. Vanden Berghe ...
Oken Emily E Department of Population Medicine, Harvard Medical School and the Harvard Pilgrim Health Care Institute, 133 Brookline Avenue, Boston, MA 02215, USA. - - 2013
Nutritionists advise pregnant women to eat fish to obtain adequate docosahexaenoic acid (DHA), an essential nutrient important for optimal brain development. However, concern exists that this advice will lead to excess intake of methylmercury, a developmental neurotoxicant. Conduct a pilot intervention to increase consumption of high-DHA, low-mercury fish in pregnancy. ...
Dinsmore Stephen J - - 2012
Pyrethroid insecticides containing deltamethrin provide broad spectrum insect control that can adversely affect food supplies of insectivorous birds. I hypothesized that this could result in lowered nest survival for a ground-nesting insectivorous bird, the Mountain Plover (Charadrius montanus), which preferentially nests on prairie dog colonies. I studied Mountain Plover nest ...
Zhou Peiqing - - 2012
Batch anaerobic co-digestion studies were conducted using 21 mixtures (M1-M21) of food waste (FW), primary sludge (PS), and waste activated sludge (WAS) at 37°C and an initial pH of 5.5±0.2. The results showed that co-digestion of FW and sludges had a positive impact on the hydrogen production. The maximum hydrogen ...
Cardoso I - - 2013
There is little objective information regarding nutrition transition in African countries. We assessed trends in nutrition patterns in the Seychelles between 1989 and 2011. Population-based samples were obtained in 1989, 1994 and 2011 and participants aged 25-44 are considered in this study (n=493, 599 and 471, respectively). Similar, although not ...
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