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Cao Suzhen S Research Center for Eco-Environmental Sciences, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100085, China; State Key Laboratory of Environmental Criteria and Risk Assessment, Chinese Research Academy of Environmental Sciences, Beijing 100012, - - 2013
Coking influences environmental quality and poses high risks to human health as large amounts of heavy metals and metalloids are emitted into the environment from coal during the coking process. Health risks depend heavily on multi-pathway and element-specific exposures, which have, unfortunately, been rarely studied. In this study, children's health ...
Razavi N Roxanna NR Department of Biology, Queen's University, Kingston, ON, K7L 3N6, Canada, - - 2013
Little is known about mercury (Hg) biomagnification in the subtropics, aquatic systems with high species diversity resulting in complex food webs. High atmospheric Hg emissions and ubiquitous reservoir fisheries may lead to elevated Hg bioaccumulation in Chinese freshwater fishes. However, stocking practices using fast-growing species can result in low fish ...
Soraci Alejandro L AL Área de Toxicología, Departamento de Fisiopatología - Centro de Investigación Veterinaria de Tandil (CIVETAN), CONICET, Facultad de Ciencias Veterinarias, Universidad Nacional del Centro, Campus Universitario, Paraje Arroyo Seco s/n, Tandil, Argentina. Electronic address: - - 2013
The objective of this study was to document the effect of social ranking on the internal exposure of pigs to an antibiotic (fosfomycin) administered either in food or in drinking water. Signs of aggression were recorded at the feeder and drinker. The interindividual variability explained by the social rank was ...
Kawamura Yoko - - 2013
Bisphenol A (BPA) concentrations were surveyed in 100 domestic and 60 imported canned foods purchased on the Japanese market from 2011 to 2012. BPA was extracted from the canned foods, derivatized by ethylation and analysed using GC/MS. In the domestic canned foods, the maximum and average BPA concentrations were 30 ...
Domingos Ana I AI Laboratory of Molecular Genetics, Rockefeller University, 1230 York Avenue, New York, NY 10065, - - 2014
Leptin-deficient patients report higher "liking" ratings for food, and leptin replacement therapy normalizes these ratings even before weight loss is achieved. Since animals cannot report their ratings, we studied the relationship between leptin and food reward in leptin-deficient ob/ob mice using a optogenetic assay that quantifies the reward value of ...
Agatz Annika A Environment Department, University of York, Heslington, York, United Kingdom; Food and Environment Research Agency, Sand Hutton, York, United - - 2013
Changes in food uptake by detritivorous macro-invertebrates could disrupt the ecosystem service of leaf litter breakdown, necessitating the study of shredding under anthropogenic influences. Here, the impact of the neonicotinoid insecticide imidacloprid on the feeding rate of individual Gammarus pulex was measured at a daily resolution both during and after ...
Kotecha P V PV Academy for Educational Development, A2Z, The USAID Micronutrient Project India, New Delhi I 10 - - 2013
Diet plays a very important role in growth and development of adolescents, during which the development of healthy eating habits is of supreme importance. There is a dual burden of undernutrition and overnutrition in this age-group. The study assessed the food habits, food preferences, and dietary pattern of schoolgoing urban ...
Pan Ke - - 2013
This study is the first comprehensive evaluation of total Hg and methylmercury (MeHg) concentrations in wild marine fish from an estuarine and a coastal ecosystem in southern China. A total of 571 fish from 54 different species were examined. Our results showed that the Hg levels were generally low in ...
Klenow Stefanie - - 2013
The dietary exposure to selected PFAAs was estimated in four selected European states (Belgium, the Czech Republic, Italy and Norway) representing Western, Southern, Eastern and Northern Europe. The harmonised sampling programme designed in the European Union project PERFOOD was targeted at identifying seven selected PFAAs, including perfluorooctane sulfonic acid (PFOS) ...
Liao Chunyang - - 2013
Bisphenol A (BPA) is a high-production-volume chemical that is widely used in polycarbonate plastics and epoxy food-can coatings. Following several studies that reported adverse effects of BPA over the past decade, other bisphenol analogues, such as bisphenol F (BPF), bisphenol S (BPS), bisphenol AF (BPAF), and bisphenol B (BPB), have ...
Tampio Elina - - 2013
Anaerobic digestion of autoclaved (160°C, 6.2bar) and untreated source segregated food waste (FW) was compared over 473days in semi-continuously fed mesophilic reactors with trace elements supplementation, at organic loading rates (OLRs) of 2, 3, 4 and 6kg volatile solids(VS)/m(3)d. Methane yields at all OLR were 5-10% higher for untreated FW ...
Whiting S - - 2013
Capsaicinoids are a group of chemicals naturally occurring in chilli peppers with bioactive properties that may help to support weight management. The aim of the present study was to conduct a meta-analysis investigating the potential effects of capsaicinoids on energy intake, to clarify previous observations and form evidence-based conclusions about ...
Christiansen Martin Lau - - 2013
To elucidate if a SNEDDS approach can eliminate the food-effect on cinnarizine absorption and to, investigate if a nutritional drink, Fresubin energy, could mimic food effect in dogs for the poorly soluble compound cinnarizine. Aconventional tablet, a SNEDDS capsule or a SNEDDS tablet, containing cinnarizine, were dosed to beagles dogs ...
Li Meng - - 2013
The microbiological spoilage of fishery food is mainly due to specific spoilage organism (SSO). Shewanella putrefaciens has defined as SSO for most chilled marine fish. Bacteriophages have shown excellent capability to control microorganisms. The objective of this study was to determine specific bacteriophage to prevent the spoilage by reducing SSO ...
Kakimoto Kensaku - - 2013
This study estimated daily exposure to Dechlorane Plus (DP) and polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDE) via inhalation and diet. Samples of atmospheric particles and food (obtained by market basket method) from Osaka, Japan were analyzed for DP (syn-, anti-) and PBDE using gas chromatography-mass spectrometry. DP was detected in both atmospheric ...
Hart Chantelle N CN Center for Obesity Research and Education, Temple University, 3223 N Broad St, Suite 175, Philadelphia, PA 19140. - - 2013
To examine the effect of experimental changes in children's sleep duration on self-reported food intake, food reinforcement, appetite-regulating hormones, and measured weight. Using a within-subjects, counterbalanced, crossover design, 37 children, 8 to 11 years of age (27% overweight/obese) completed a 3-week study. Children slept their typical amount at home for ...
Zhang G - - 2013
Salmonella enterica ssp. enterica serovar Enteritidis is the leading reported cause of Salmonella infections. Most Salmonella Enteritidis infections are associated with whole shell eggs and egg products. This project attempted to lay the foundation for improving the Food and Drug Administration's current Bacteriological Analytical Manual method for the detection of ...
Arambalza U - - 2013
We analyzed the capacity of the common cockle Cerastoderma edule to utilize detrital food particles obtained from three different macrophytes: the vascular plant Juncus maritimus and two green macroalgae (Ulva lactuca and Enteromorpha sp.). We measured feeding and digestive parameters at three concentrations of detritus (0.5, 1.0 and 3.0 mm(3) l(-1)), so ...
McDonnell Sharon L - - 2013
Cutaneous synthesis and traditional food sources do not fully account for unsupplemented vitamin D status. Non-traditional food sources may be an undiscovered input. In a cohort of 780 non-supplement-taking adults with a mean serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D [25(OH)D] of 33 (± 14) ng/ml we assessed the relationship between vitamin D status ...
Olejnik Małgorzata - - 2014
The cross-contamination of non-target feeds with coccidiostats may result in the occurrence of their residues in food of animal origin. To assure food safety, maximum levels (ML) of coccidiostats have been set for both feed and food. However, scientific data are not available on the transfer of some coccidiostats from ...
Brandão-Gonçalves L L Laboratório de Ecotoxicologia e Biomanipulação, Programa de pós-graduação strictu sensu em Recursos Pesqueiros e Engenharia de Pesca, Universidade Estadual do Oeste do Paraná, Toledo, PR, - - 2013
Experiments were designed to determine if the juvenile forms of jundia (Rhamdia quelen) exhibit selectivity feeding on zooplanktonic organisms and the influence of intraspecific competition on the diet. The fish were maintained in 5000-L containers, and after seven days from birth, they were acclimated in experimental units with different densities ...
Alto Barry W - - 2013
Competitive interactions between mosquitoes Aedes aegypti (L.) and Aedes albopictus (Skuse) may depend on environmental conditions. Pesticides may alleviate density-dependent competition for limited food, and a differential species response to sublethal concentrations may modify interspecific competition. We tested the hypothesis that exposure to malathion alters interspecific resource competition between these ...
Agarwal E - - 2013
The Australasian Nutrition Care Day Survey (ANCDS) reported that two-fifths of patients consume ≤50% of the offered food in Australian and New Zealand hospitals. After controlling for confounders (nutritional status, age, disease type and severity), the ANCDS also established an independent association between poor food intake and increased in-hospital mortality. ...
Turner-McGrievy Gabrielle M - - 2013
Children who attend child care outside the home may be at increased risk for developing obesity. In 2012, the South Carolina ABC Child Care program issued new standards for food and nutrition. The goal of our study (conducted June to December 2012) was to examine changes that occurred at a ...
Nunes Eric J - - 2013
Effort-related motivational symptoms such as anergia and fatigue are common in patients with depression and other disorders. Research implicates pro-inflammatory cytokines in depression, and administration of cytokines can induce effort-related motivational symptoms in humans. The present experiments focused on the effects of the pro-inflammatory cytokine interleukin 1-beta (IL-1β) on effort-related ...
Luo Jinming - - 2013
Pb and Cd concentrations in the habitat and preys of the red-crowned crane (i.e., reed rhizomes and three typical aquatic animal families (Perccottus glehni Dybowski, Carassius auratus Linnaeus, and Viviparidae)) were analyzed to examine the impact of these hazards on red-crowned cranes in northeastern China. Results indicated that Pb and ...
Kaushik Geetanjali G a Amity Institute of Environmental Sciences , Amity University Campus , Sector- 125, Noida-201303 , Gautam Buddha Nagar , UP , - - 2013
Abstract Mycotoxins that commonly occur in cereal grains and other products can contaminate finished processed foods on account of their high toxicity. The mycotoxins that are commonly associated with food grains include aflatoxins, ochratoxin A, fumonisins, deoxynivalenol and zearalenone. Various food processing operations include sorting, trimming, cleaning, cooking, baking, frying, ...
Kim Eunsuk E Department of Biological Sciences, University of South Carolina, Columbia, South - - 2014
Longevity is a highly variable life history trait and its variation is attributable to both genetic and environmental factors. Exploring well-known environmental factors in a new model system is a useful approach to explore taxonomic variation in plasticity of longevity. We examined responsiveness of the Daphnia pulex clone TCO to ...
Ianco Orit O Orit Ianco, Amos Ofer, Erwin Santo, Iris Dotan, Comprehensive Pouch Clinic, IBD Center, Department of Gastroenterology and Liver Diseases, Tel Aviv Sourasky Medical Center, Tel Aviv 64239, - - 2013
To investigate the diet of pouch patients compared to healthy controls, and to correlate pouch patients' diet with disease behavior. Pouch patients were recruited and prospectively followed-up at the Comprehensive Pouch Clinic at the Tel Aviv Sourasky Medical Center. Pouch behavior was determined based on clinical, endoscopic and histological criteria. ...
Sun Hong Xia - - 2013
Food utilization and growth of the 5th and 6th instar Spodoptera litura Fabricius larvae, and its effect on reproduction potential was evaluated by feeding larvae diets with different doses of Ni for 3 generations. Dose-dependent relationships between Ni levels and food consumption and growth were variable with different larval developmental ...
Liang Tzu-Wen - - 2013
Prodigiosin (PG) has been reported to have various biological activities. With the aim of increasing Serratia marcescens TKU011 PG production on squid pen powder (SPP)-containing medium, the effects of phosphate and ferrous ion supplementation, autoclave treatment, and aeration were studied. Autoclave treatment showed positive results for PG productivity (2.48 mg/mL), ...
Al-Dhabi Naif Abdullah - - 2013
For consumption of health foods of Spirulina, by the general public, health food stores are increasingly offering more exotic products. Though Spirulina consumption is growing worldwide, relatively few studies have reported on the quantities of heavy metals/minerals they contain and/or their potential effects on the population's health. This study reveals ...
Graczyk Małgorzata M Department of Allergology, Clinical Immunology and Internal Diseases, Ludwik Rydygier Collegium Medicum , Nicolaus Copernicus University, Dr. J. Biziel Memorial University Hospital No. 2, Bydgoszcz, Poland. Head of Department: Prof. Zbigniew Bartuzi MD, - - 2013
The prevalence of food allergies and other allergic reactions is increasing worldwide, particularly in highly-urbanized populations. Cell adhesion molecules are expressed in response to various pro-inflammatory cytokines. The expression of intercellular adhesion molecule 1 - ICAM-1 (CD54), ICAM-1 (CD106), P-selectin (CD62P), and E-selectin (CD62E) on vascular endothelial cells is induced ...
Lentjes Marleen A H - - 2013
The aim of the present study was to describe the energy, nutrient and crude v. disaggregated food intake measured using 7 d diet diaries (7dDD) for the full baseline Norfolk cohort recruited for the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer (EPIC-Norfolk) study, with emphasis on methodological issues. The first data collection took ...
Madsen Louise Leonharder - - 2013
The ability of 17α-ethinylestradiol (EE2) to elevate vitellogenin levels were investigated in male flounder Platichthys flesus and vitellogenin concentrations in flounders from the Danish coastal environment were determined. Male flounders were exposed to 17α-ethinylestradiol (EE2) via food or water. Average vitellogenin concentrations in the control fish ranged between 25 and ...
Abbasi Arshad Mehmood - - 2013
The association among food and health is momentous as consumers now demand healthy, tasty and natural functional foods. Knowledge of such food is mainly transmitted through the contribution of individuals of households. Throughout the world the traditions of using wild edible plants as food and medicine are at risk of ...
Klaren Peter H M - - 2013
We investigated the effect of timing of food intake on growth in common carp (Cyprinus carpio L.). Juvenile carp were demand-fed for 22days using a computerized pendulum feeder that registered meal requests. Controls were pair-fed at 10:00h, both groups were kept at 12L:12D (lights on at 06.30h). Demand-fed fish fed ...
Herbel Stefan R - - 2013
Lactobacilli strains with probiotic effects have been widely used in dairy products such as yoghurts as well as in food additives and pharmaceuticals. Despite their successful commercial application the current species identification and quantification methods of the genus Lactobacillus are time-consuming and labor-intensive. In order to fulfill requirements of a ...
Yuan Xiaoping - - 2013
Cadmium in human diet constitutes a potential chronic hazard to health. The objective of this study was to make a health risk assessment of dietary cadmium intake by adults of the 31 provinces (excluding Hong Kong, Taiwan and Macau) in China. The cadmium levels in the total of 2629 individual ...
Koch Eduardo - - 2013
Apple snail Pomacea canaliculata has been reported to accumulate polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs) and was recently proposed as PBDE bioindicator. This work investigates the ability of P. canaliculata to accumulate BDE-209 by dietary exposure under controlled experimental conditions. A 30-day long enrichment feeding assay was carried out using 30 adult ...
Fernández-Pachón M S - - 2013
Melatonin (N-acetyl-5-methoxytryptamine) is a molecule implicated in multiple biological functions. Its level decreases with age, and the intake of foods rich in melatonin has been considered an exogenous source of this important agent. Orange is a natural source of melatonin. Melatonin synthesis occurs during alcoholic fermentation of grapes, malt and ...
Oliveira M - - 2014
Listeria monocytogenes is a serious foodborne pathogen and new strategies to control it in food are needed. Among them, bacteriophages hold attributes that appear to be attractive. The objective of this study was to investigate the efficacy of the bacteriophage Listex P100 to control L. monocytogenes growth on melon, pear and ...
Sanchez Hugo - - 2013
Older people are at increased risk of vitamin B12 deficiency and the provision of fortified foods may be an effective way to ensure good vitamin B12 status in later life.Aim: To evaluate the effectiveness of a vitamin B12 fortified food provided by a national program of complementary food for older ...
Pincemaille Justine - - 2014
This study describes the occurrence of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) in smoked tea and tea infusions, via the monitoring of benzo(a)anthracene, chrysene, benzo(b)fluoranthene and benzo(a)pyrene (PAH4) that have been chosen as indicators for the occurrence of PAHs in food by the European Food Safety Agency. The concentrations ranged from 1.2μg/kg ...
Pollard Christina M - - 2013
To explore factors associated with self-reported food poisoning among Western Australian adults between 1998 and 2009. Data were pooled from four Nutrition Monitoring Surveys Series which included information on suspected food poisoning among Western Australian adults. Descriptive statistics and multinomial regression analyses were used to describe factors associated with self-reported ...
Lee Ji Hyune - - 2013
More than 46 phosphodiesterase type 5 (PDE5) inhibitor analogues have been found to be present as illegal adulterants in various forms of health food products (powder, tablet, capsule, etc.), thereby placing the health of consumers at risk through product intake. In this study, 164 samples advertised to be effective at ...
Shasaltaneh Marzieh Dehghan MD Department of Biology, Faculty of Basic Sciences, Alzahra University, Tehran, - - 2013
The essential amino acid L-tryptophan can be produced by a condensation reaction between indole and L-serine, catalyzed by B. subtilis with tryptophan synthase activity. Application of the tryptophan is widespread in the biotechnology domain and is sometimes added to feed products as a food fortifier. The optimum concentration of the ...
Thomsen Morgane - - 2013
We previously showed that the M1/M4-preferring muscarinic agonist xanomeline can acutely attenuate or eliminate cocaine self-administration in mice. Medications used to treat addictions will arguably be administered in (sub)chronic or repeated regimens. Tests of acute effects often fail to predict chronic effects, highlighting the need for chronic testing of candidate ...
Ramaekers Mariëlle G - - 2013
The present study investigated the effect of aroma exposure time and aroma concentration on ad libitum intake and subjective satiation. In a within-subject study, thirty-eight unrestrained, healthy female participants (age: 18-39 years; BMI: 18·5-26·0 kg/m2) were asked to consume tomato soup during lunchtime, until they felt comfortably full. Every 30 s, the ...
Darzi J - - 2013
BackgroundVinegar is promoted as a natural appetite suppressant, based on previous reports that vinegar ingestion significantly increases subsequent satiety. However there are concerns about the appropriateness and safety of this advice and it is unclear if poor product palatability may explain previously published effects on appetite.ObjectiveTo investigate if vinegar palatability ...
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