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Papanikolaou Yanni - - 2014
The American Heart Association's Strategic Impact Goal Through 2020 and Beyond recommends >= two 3.5-oz fish servings per week (preferably oily fish) partly to increase intake of omega3-fatty acids eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA). We examined the intake of total fish, fish high in omega-3 fatty acids, alpha-linolenic ...
Ben Hsouna Anis A Department of Life Sciences, Faculty of Sciences of Gafsa, Zarroug 2112, Gafsa, Tunisia, (phone: +216-97-130430; fax: +216-74-565555). - - 2014
Myrtus communis is a typical plant of the Mediterranean area, which is mainly used as animal and human food and, in folk medicine, for treating some disorders. In the present study, we evaluated in vitro antibacterial and antifungal properties of the essential oils of Myrtus communis (McEO), as well as ...
Goldenberg S U SU Centro de Ciências do Mar (CCMAR) and Faculdade de Ciências e Tecnologia (FCT, Universidade do Algarve, 8005-139, Faro, - - 2014
This is the first study investigating the plant-herbivore interaction between Sarpa salpa, which has overgrazed seagrass transplants in Portugal, and the seagrasses Cymodocea nodosa, Zostera marina and Zostera noltii, which have been considered for restoration. When offered the choice between the three seagrasses in outdoor tanks, adult S. salpa clearly ...
O'Malley Robert C RC Center for the Advanced Study of Hominid Paleobiology, Department of Anthropology, The George Washington University, Washington, DC 20052, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
Insectivory is hypothesized to be an important source of macronutrients, minerals, and vitamins for chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes), yet nutritional data based on actual intake are lacking. Drawing on observations from 2008 to 2010 and recently published nutritional assays, we determined the energy, macronutrient and mineral yields for termite-fishing (Macrotermes), ant-dipping ...
Brera C C GMO and Mycotoxin Unit, Department of Veterinary Public Health and Food Safety, Italian National Institute for Health. Electronic address: - - 2014
Mycotoxins are low molecular weight secondary metabolites produced by certain strains of filamentous fungi such as Aspergillus, Penicillium and Fusarium, which attack crops in the field, and grow on foods also during storage under favorable conditions of temperature and humidity. Foods mainly contributing to the intake of mycotoxins with diet ...
Jiang Dongsheng D State Key Laboratory of Pollution Control & Resource Reuse, School of the Environment, Nanjing University, Xianlin Campus, Nanjing, 210023, People's Republic of - - 2014
Fish is consumed as a common food by humans due to its nutritional and therapeutic benefits. However, they can accumulate toxic chemicals (such as heavy metals, persistent organic pollutants) from water and food chain. Very few studies have been investigated on heavy metal contents in fish from Tibetan Autonomous Region ...
Uddin S S Environmental Sciences Department, Kuwait Institute for Scientific Research, Kuwait. Electronic address: - - 2014
This study sets the baseline for the concentration of the natural-series radionuclide polonium-210 in two species of gastropods and four species of bivalves that are common to the Northern Arabian/Persian Gulf. (210)Po is primarily absorbed from water and via ingestion of detrital material by gastropoda and bivalves. This concentrated (210)Po ...
Leong Yin-Hui YH Centre for Advanced Analytical Toxicology Services, Universiti Sains Malaysia, 11800, Pulau Pinang, Malaysia, - - 2014
A total of 127 and 177 seafood samples from Malaysia were analyzed for polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins/dibenzofurans (PCDD/Fs) and dioxin-like polychlorinated biphenyls (dl-PCBs), respectively. The World Health Organization-toxic-equivalency quotients (WHO-TEQ) of PCDD/Fs varied from 0.13 to 1.03 pg TEQ g(-1), whereas dl-PCBs ranged from 0.33 to 1.32 pg TEQ g(-1). Based on food-consumption data from the ...
Cushen M M a School of Biosystems Engineering, Agriculture and Food Science Centre , University College Dublin , Dublin 4 , - - 2014
Polyethylene composites containing Agion(TM) commercial silver ion filler at 3 different percentage fill rates (0.5% w/w, 1.0% w/w and 2% w/w) and polyethylene composites containing laboratory produced silver nanoparticles (Agnps) at 2 different percentage fill rates ( 0.1% w/w and 0.5% w/w) underwent migration tests according to Commission Regulation (EU) No ...
Ishikawa Hiroshi H Yakult Central Institute for Microbiological Research, 1796 Yaho, Kunitachi, Tokyo 186-8650, Japan. Electronic address: - - 2014
Yeast contamination is a serious problem in the food industry and a major cause of food spoilage. Several yeasts, such as Filobasidiella neoformans, which cause cryptococcosis in humans, are also opportunistic pathogens, so a simple and rapid method for monitoring yeast contamination in food is essential. Here, we developed a ...
Rani Manviri M Oil and POPs Research Group, Korea Institute of Ocean Science and Technology, Geoje-shi 656-834, Republic of - - 2014
Polystyrene (PS) is made flame retardant by combining with hexabromocyclododecane (HBCD). HBCD can release from consumer products during their production, use or disposal. As a result, it has become a ubiquitous contaminant in the environment with a high potential for bioaccumulation. Therefore, to evaluate the extent of exposure to HBCD ...
McMeans Bailey C BC Great Lakes Institute for Environmental Research, University of Windsor, Windsor, Ontario N9B 3P4, Canada. Electronic address: - - 2014
Benthic and pelagic food web components in Cumberland Sound, Canada were explored as sources of total mercury (THg) to Greenland Sharks (Somniosus microcephalus) via both bottom-up food web transfer and top-down shark feeding behavior. Log10THg increased significantly with δ(15)N and trophic position from invertebrates (0.01±0.01μg·g(-1) [113±1ng·g(-1)] dw in copepods) to ...
Rho Sang-Gyun SG Sang-Gyun Rho, Department of Emergency Medical Services, Sunmoon University, Chungnam Asan 336-708, South - - 2014
To investigate whether palatable sweet foods have a beneficial effect on chronic stress-induced colonic motility and inflammatory cytokines. Adult male rats were divided into 3 groups: control (CON, n = 5), chronic variable stress with chow (CVS-A, n = 6), and chronic variable stress with chow and sweet food (CVS-B, ...
Eljarrat Ethel - - 2014
A study was performed to assess exposure of the Spanish population to HBCD. Based on consumption data statistics, food items from six food groups, i.e. fish and seafood, meat, animal fat, dairy products, eggs and vegetable oils, were sampled and analyzed for HBCD followed by per capita intake calculations. The ...
Steele Jaime L - - 2014
Excessive fluoride consumption during the first 2 years of life is associated with an increased risk of dental fluorosis. Estimates of fluoride intake from various sources may aid in determining a child's risk for developing fluorosis. This study sought to assess the fluoride content of commercially available foods for infants, ...
Lin Hsien-Chun HC Division of Chest Medicine, Department of Internal Medicine, Wan Fang Hospital, Taipei Medical University, Taipei, - - 2014
Under the directly observed treatment, short course (DOTS) program, antituberculosis (anti-TB) medications were possibly taken at random time, regardless of whether it was prior to or after meals. This study was to evaluate the impact of food intake on pharmacokinetic profiles of first-line TB drugs in Taiwanese TB patients, as ...
Ko Ahra A Food Safety Risk Assessment Division, National Institute of Food and Drug Safety Evaluation, Chungcheongbuk-do, - - 2014
Bisphenol A (BPA) is widely used in the production of polycarbonate plastics, epoxy resins, and food and beverage containers. In the present study, we aimed to investigate the relationship between urinary concentrations of BPA and waist circumference in Korean adults. A total of 1,030 Korean adults (mean age, 44.3 ± ...
Johansson Jana H JH Department of Applied Environmental Science (ITM), Stockholm University, 106 91 Stockholm, Sweden. Electronic address: - - 2014
The aim of this study was to determine how dietary exposure to PFAAs has changed over the period when major production changes occurred. Archived samples (1999-2010) of eggs, milk and farmed rainbow trout were analyzed by ultra performance liquid chromatography coupled to tandem mass spectrometry. Statistically significant decreasing trends were ...
Wang Sai S Beijing Key Laboratory of Bioprocess, College of Life Science and Technology, Beijing University of Chemical Technology, Beijing 100029, PR - - 2014
Tetracycline (TC) is widely used for prevention and control of animal diseases for its broad spectrum antimicrobial activity and low cost, but its abuse can seriously affect human health and may result in trade loss. Thus there is an imperative need to develop high-performing analytical technique for TC detection. In ...
Shumaker Robert - - 2014
Objective: To evaluate the effect of formulation and a high-fat meal on the pharmacokinetics of orally administered lenvatinib (E7080). Materials: Lenvatinib 10-mg capsule and tablet. Methods: Pharmacokinetics and safety of a single 10-mg lenvatinib dose were evaluated in healthy subjects in two randomized, two-period, crossover, phase 1, bioavailability trials. The ...
Buchwald Henry H Department of Surgery, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN. Electronic address: - - 2014
We do not have a unified, scientifically tested theory of causation for obesity and its co-morbidities, nor do we have explanations for the mechanics of the metabolic/bariatric surgery procedures. Integral to proffered hypotheses are the actions of the hormones glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1), peptide YY (PYY), and leptin. The objective of ...
Pardo Olga O Centre for Public Health Research (CSISP-FISABIO), 21, Avenida Catalunya, 46020 Valencia, Spain; Analytical Chemistry Department, Universit of Valencia, Edifici Jeroni Muñoz, Dr. Moliner 50, 46100 Burjassot, Spain. Electronic address: - - 2014
The study was carried out to estimate the dietary intake of polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs) in the Region of Valencia (Spain) in order to evaluate the resultant risk. The PBDE levels in fish and seafood (a total of 206 samples) were determined. Dietary intake was estimated using results of PBDE ...
Bayham Brooke E BE Pennington Biomedical Research Center, Baton Rouge, - - 2014
To test whether a breakfast including eggs (EB) containing high-quality protein decreases subsequent food intake and increases satiety-related hormones in overweight or obese adults more than a breakfast including cereal (CB) of lower protein quality, but matched for energy density and macronutrient composition. Twenty healthy overweight or obese subjects were ...
Yamada A A Risk Assessment Directorate, French Agency for Food, Environmental and Occupational Health and Safety (ANSES), 27-31 avenue du Général Leclerc, Maisons-Alfort 94701, France. Electronic address: - - 2014
Perfluoroalkyl acids (PFAAs) are globally found in various media, including food and especially fishery products. In the present study, the dietary exposure to 15 perfluoroalkyl acids was assessed for 3 French adult populations, namely high seafood consumers, high freshwater fish consumers, and pregnant women. Purified food extracts were analysed by ...
Levi Tal T Department of Life Sciences, Ben-Gurion University of the Negev, POB 653, Be'er-Sheva 84105, - - 2014
Mosquitoes have a complex life-cycle with dramatic changes in shape, function, and habitat. Aedes aegypti was studied by growing individual larvae at different concentrations of a defined rich food source. At higher food concentrations, rate of larval growth was faster, but the time required for 4(th) instar larvae to molt ...
Atwood Trisha B TB Department of Forest and Conservation Sciences, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC, V6T 1Z4, Canada; Global Change Institute, University of Queensland, Brisbane, QLD, 4072, - - 2014
Concern over accelerating rates of species invasions and losses have initiated investigations into how local and global changes to predator abundance mediate trophic cascades that influence CO2 fluxes of aquatic ecosystems. However, to date, no studies have investigated how species additions or losses at other consumer trophic levels influence the ...
Freitas Marisa M CIIMAR/CIMAR - Interdisciplinary Centre of Marine and Environmental Research, University of Porto, Rua dos Bragas 289, P 4050-123 Porto, Portugal; FacultyofSciences, University of Porto, Rua do Campo Alegre, 4169-007 Porto, Portugal; Polytechnic Institute of Porto. Escola Superior de Tecnologia da Saúde do Porto. CISA/Research Center in Environment and Health, Rua de Valente Perfeito, 322, 440-330 Gaia, - - 2014
Accumulation of microcystin-LR (MC-LR) in edible aquatic organisms, particularly in bivalves, is widely documented. In this study, the effects of food storage and processing conditions on the free MC-LR concentration in clams (Corbicula fluminea) fed MC-LR-producing M. aeruginosa (1x10(5) cell/mL) for four days, and the bioaccessibility of MC-LR after in ...
Mathews Shiny S Department of Biosystems and Agricultural Engineering, Michigan State University, 524 S. Shaw Lane, East Lansing, MI, 48824, USA, - - 2014
Commonly used in personal care products, triclocarban (TCC) and triclosan (TCS) are two chemicals with antimicrobial properties that have recently been recognized as environmental contaminants with the potential to adversely affect human health. The objective of the study described herein was to evaluate the potential of food crops to uptake ...
Seixas Tércia G TG Dep. de Química, Pontifícia Universidade Católica do Rio de Janeiro, 22453-900, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, - - 2014
Methylmercury (MeHg), inorganic mercury (Hginorg) and their biomagnification factors (BMF) were evaluated along a non-degraded Brazilian bay food web. Highly significant differences (p < 0.0001) were found between MeHg and Hginorg concentrations among all organisms (microplankton, shrimp, fish and dolphin). MeHg increased with increasing trophic position while Hginorg did not present the ...
Bjarnadottir Adda A 1 Unit for Nutrition Research, Landspitali-University Hospital & Faculty of Food Science and Nutrition, School of Health Sciences, University of Iceland, Laeknagardur, Vatnsmyrarvegur 16, 101 Reykjavík, - - 2014
The aim was to investigate autumn vitamin D intake and status in 7-year-old Icelanders, fitting BMI and cardiorespiratory fitness as predictors. Three-day food records and fasting blood samples were collected evenly from September to November, and cardiorespiratory fitness was measured with an ergometer bike. Food and nutrient intakes were calculated, ...
Kumar Gayathri G 1 Epidemic Intelligence Service, Office of Surveillance, Epidemiology, and Laboratory Services, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention , Atlanta, - - 2014
Abstract Background: The Institute of Medicine noted that current food and beverage marketing practices promote unhealthful diets. However, little public health research has been conducted on food marketing directed toward adolescents, especially using caregiver- and adolescent-reported data. Methods: We assessed perceived frequency of food/beverage advertising exposure and common locations of ...
Castorena-Torres Fabiola F Escuela de Biotecnología y Alimentos, Centro de Biotecnología-FEMSA, Tecnológico de Monterrey, Campus-Monterrey, Eugenio Garza Sada 2501, Monterrey, NL, 64849, - - 2014
Folate deficiency is a global health problem related to neural tube defects, cardiovascular disease, dementia, and cancer. Considering that folic acid (FA) supply through industrialized foods is the most successful intervention, limitations exist for its complete implementation worldwide. Biofortification of plant foods, on the other hand, could be implemented in ...
Di Leo Antonella A Institute for Coastal Marine Environment, Operative Unit of Taranto, C.N.R., via Roma 3, 74123, Taranto, - - 2014
The levels and specific profiles of polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins, dibenzofurans (PCDD/Fs) and dioxin-like polychlorinated biphenyls (DL-PCBs) in Mytilus galloprovincialis from the Mar Grande and the Mar Piccolo of Taranto were determined during the extensive monitoring plan of Local Health Authority to assess PCDD/Fs and DL-PCBs contamination in food and farm products, ...
Tilley Falon F Department of Exercise Science, Arnold School of Public Health, University of South Carolina, Columbia, SC. Electronic address: - - 2014
To describe the development and evaluation of Healthy Lunchbox Challenge, a nutrition program targeting staff, parents, and children in summer day camps (SDCs). A single-group, pre/post-assessment design was used during summer, 2011(baseline) and 2012 (intervention). Four community-based SDCs in South Carolina participated. Intervention components were applied over the 11-week SDC ...
Markovich Jessica E JE Department of Clinical Sciences, Cummings School of Veterinary Medicine, Tufts University, North Grafton, MA - - 2014
Objective-To measure thiamine concentrations in commercial canned foods formulated for cats as an initial assessment of the variation among canned foods and to determine the effects of flavor (fish vs nonfish) of the food, texture (paté vs nonpaté) of the food, country of manufacture, and size of the company on ...
Fratianni Florinda F Istituto di Scienze dell'Alimentazione, Consiglio nazionale delle Ricerche, ISA-CNR , Via Roma 64, 83100 Avellino , Italy - - 2014
Abstract The probiotic yeast, Saccharomyces cerevisiae boulardii, was microencapsulated in a mixture of alginate-inulin-xanthan gum, and its ability to grow in berry juice and survive 4 weeks of storage at 4 °C was determined. Exposure of the yeast in these forms to artificial gastrointestinal conditions was also assessed. Encapsulation significantly enhanced ...
Schwartz Janet J 1Department of Marketing, A. B. Freeman School of Business, Tulane - - 2014
We tested a voluntary self-control commitment device to help grocery shoppers make healthier food purchases. Participants, who were already enrolled in a large-scale incentive program that discounts the price of eligible groceries by 25%, were offered the chance to put their discount on the line. Agreeing households pledged that they ...
Genualdi Susan S a Center for Food Safety and Applied Nutrition , US Food and Drug Administration , College Park , MD , - - 2014
Abstract Due to the 2011 labeling of styrene monomer as "reasonably anticipated to be a human carcinogen" by the National Institutes of Health's National Toxicology Program (NTP) and the controversy over whether styrene oligomers mimic the physiological effects of estrogen, an updated review of styrene monomer and oligomers in food ...
South Timothy T Department of Pharmacology, School of Medical Sciences, University of New South Wales, Sydney, - - 2014
Obesity is associated with excessive consumption of palatable, energy dense foods. The present study used an animal model to examine feeding patterns during exposure to and withdrawal from these foods. Male Sprague Dawley rats were exposed to standard lab chow only (Chow rats) or a range of cafeteria-style foods eaten ...
Hoertel Heather A - - 2014
This pilot study examined whether the addition of a normal protein (NP) vs. high protein (HP) breakfast leads to alterations in food cravings and plasma homovanillic acid (HVA), which is an index of central dopamine production, in overweight/obese 'breakfast skipping' late-adolescent young women. A randomized crossover design was incorporated in ...
Song Pengkun P Elderly and Clinical Nutrition Laboratory, Institute of Nutrition and Food Safety, Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Beijing, - - 2014
To propose a feasible suggestion to reduce the high prevalence of anaemia in middle-aged and elderly women by investigating risk factors, particularly nutritional factors, and analysing the effect on anaemia in three different rural areas of China. A case-control study. Three counties of China. Women aged 50-75 years in the three ...
Duchaine Caroline S CS Cancer Research Center, Department of Social and Preventive Medicine, Laval University, Quebec City, Quebec G1V 0A6, Canada. - - 2014
Intake of sugar-sweetened beverages has increased in North America and seems to have several adverse health effects possibly through decreased circulating 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25(OH)D) concentrations. The aim of this cross-sectional study was to evaluate the association between sugar-sweetened beverages intake and 25(OH)D concentrations among premenopausal women. Intake of sugar-sweetened beverages ...
Dzoyem Jean Paul JP Department of Biochemistry, Faculty of Science, University of Dschang, P,O, Box 67, Dschang, Cameroon. - - 2014
Spices and herbs have been used in food since ancient times to give taste and flavor and also as food preservatives and disease remedies. In Cameroon, the use of spices and other aromatic plants as food flavoring is an integral part of dietary behavior, but relatively little is known about ...
Esper Renata H RH Centro de Pesquisa e Desenvolvimento em Sanidade Animal, Instituto Biológico São Paulo, - - 2014
Aflatoxin B1 (AFB1) is a highly toxic and carcinogenic metabolite produced by Aspergillus species on food and agricultural commodities. Inhibitory effects of essential oils of Ageratum conyzoides (mentrasto) and Origanum vulgare (oregano) on the mycelial growth and aflatoxin B1 production by Aspergillus flavus have been studied previously in culture medium. ...
Otani Iris M IM Stanford Alliance for Food Allergy Research, Palo Alto, CA, - - 2014
Food allergy (FA) negatively affects quality of life in caregivers of food-allergic children, imposing a psychosocial and economic burden. Oral immunotherapy (OIT) is a promising investigational therapy for FA. However, OIT can be a source of anxiety as it carries risk for allergic reactions. The effect of OIT with multiple ...
Nenzén Hedvig K HK Département des sciences biologiques, Université du Québec à Montréal, Montréal, Québec, - - 2014
Most evidence of climate change impacts on food webs comes from modern studies and little is known about how ancient food webs have responded to climate changes in the past. Here, we integrate fossil evidence from 71 fossil sites, body-size relationships and actualism to reconstruct food webs for six large ...
Singla Neena N 0000-0002-2078-475X Department of Zoology, Punjab Agricultural University, Ludhiana 141004, - - 2014
Rodent repellents are chemicals which by taste or odour or possibly by both will prevent animal from feeding or gnawing. Such substances may be used in protecting an area from rodent infestation or in protecting packaged food, packing materials, electric cables, and other important vulnerable materials. Mature and healthy house ...
Steyn Nelia Patricia - - 2014
The aim of this study was to determine the best dietary diversity indicator to measure dietary diversity and micronutrient adequacy in children. A national representative cross-sectional survey of children ages 1 to 9 y (N = 2,200) was undertaken in all ethnic groups in South Africa. A 24-h recall was ...
Mpofu Augustine A a Department of Food Science and Technology , Chinhoyi University of Technology , Chinhoyi , - - 2014
We evaluated processing technology, composition, and socioeconomic significance of mutandabota, a food product made by mixing cow's or goat's milk with dry baobab fruit pulp. Mutandabota production is a gendered activity dominated by women. Nutrient content was (g 100 g(-1) w.b) protein 4.8 ± 1, fat 2.8 ± 0.9, fiber ...
Brown Calum C School of GeoSciences, University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh, EH8 9XP, United - - 2014
The globalisation of trade affects land use, food production and environments around the world. In principle, globalisation can maximise productivity and efficiency if competition prompts specialisation on the basis of productive capacity. In reality, however, such specialisation is often constrained by practical or political barriers, including those intended to ensure ...
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