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Mpofu Augustine A a Department of Food Science and Technology , Chinhoyi University of Technology , Chinhoyi , - - 2014
We evaluated processing technology, composition, and socioeconomic significance of mutandabota, a food product made by mixing cow's or goat's milk with dry baobab fruit pulp. Mutandabota production is a gendered activity dominated by women. Nutrient content was (g 100 g(-1) w.b) protein 4.8 ± 1, fat 2.8 ± 0.9, fiber ...
Bégin Philippe P Allergy, Immunology, and Rheumatology Division, Stanford University, CCSR 3215, Stanford, CA 94305, USA. - - 2014
Thirty percent of children with food allergy are allergic to more than one food. Previous studies on oral immunotherapy (OIT) for food allergy have focused on the administration of a single allergen at the time. This study aimed at evaluating the safety of a modified OIT protocol using multiple foods ...
Singla Neena N 0000-0002-2078-475X Department of Zoology, Punjab Agricultural University, Ludhiana 141004, - - 2014
Rodent repellents are chemicals which by taste or odour or possibly by both will prevent animal from feeding or gnawing. Such substances may be used in protecting an area from rodent infestation or in protecting packaged food, packing materials, electric cables, and other important vulnerable materials. Mature and healthy house ...
Dzoyem Jean Paul JP Department of Biochemistry, Faculty of Science, University of Dschang, P,O, Box 67, Dschang, Cameroon. - - 2014
Spices and herbs have been used in food since ancient times to give taste and flavor and also as food preservatives and disease remedies. In Cameroon, the use of spices and other aromatic plants as food flavoring is an integral part of dietary behavior, but relatively little is known about ...
Yang Mei M Department of Health Surveillance and Management, Futian District Center for Disease Control and Prevention of Shenzhen, Shenzhen, Guangdong, China; Department of Laboratory, Futian District Center for Disease Control and Prevention of Shenzhen, Shenzhen, Guangdong, - - 2014
Although there are great changes of dietary in the past few decades in China, few are known about the aluminium exposure in Chinese diet. The aim of this study is to systematically evaluate the dietary aluminium intake level in residents of Shenzhen, China. A total of 853 persons from 244 ...
South Timothy T Department of Pharmacology, School of Medical Sciences, University of New South Wales, Sydney, - - 2014
Obesity is associated with excessive consumption of palatable, energy dense foods. The present study used an animal model to examine feeding patterns during exposure to and withdrawal from these foods. Male Sprague Dawley rats were exposed to standard lab chow only (Chow rats) or a range of cafeteria-style foods eaten ...
Takamura Kazuhiro K Department of Community Medicine, Obstetrics and Gynecology, Miyazaki Prefectural Miyazaki Hospital, Miyazaki, - - 2014
A salt preference questionnaire may be a convenient and cost-effective method for predicting salt intake; however, the influence of salt preference on daily salt intake is unclear. This study aimed at revealing the effectiveness of the salt preference question in determining the daily salt intake in primary care outpatients. This ...
Garrido-Fernández S - - 2014
Treatment of food allergy essentially consists of food avoidance, but immunotherapy with food is emerging as a new therapeutic option. To evaluate clinical improvement and immunological changes in patients with peach allergy following sublingual immunotherapy (SLIT) with a Prup3 quantified peach extract. A randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled clinical trial with peach ...
Otani Iris M IM Stanford Alliance for Food Allergy Research, Palo Alto, CA, - - 2014
Food allergy (FA) negatively affects quality of life in caregivers of food-allergic children, imposing a psychosocial and economic burden. Oral immunotherapy (OIT) is a promising investigational therapy for FA. However, OIT can be a source of anxiety as it carries risk for allergic reactions. The effect of OIT with multiple ...
Esper Renata H RH Centro de Pesquisa e Desenvolvimento em Sanidade Animal, Instituto Biológico São Paulo, - - 2014
Aflatoxin B1 (AFB1) is a highly toxic and carcinogenic metabolite produced by Aspergillus species on food and agricultural commodities. Inhibitory effects of essential oils of Ageratum conyzoides (mentrasto) and Origanum vulgare (oregano) on the mycelial growth and aflatoxin B1 production by Aspergillus flavus have been studied previously in culture medium. ...
Duchaine Caroline S CS Cancer Research Center, Department of Social and Preventive Medicine, Laval University, Quebec City, Quebec G1V 0A6, Canada. - - 2014
Intake of sugar-sweetened beverages has increased in North America and seems to have several adverse health effects possibly through decreased circulating 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25(OH)D) concentrations. The aim of this cross-sectional study was to evaluate the association between sugar-sweetened beverages intake and 25(OH)D concentrations among premenopausal women. Intake of sugar-sweetened beverages ...
Tyl Rochelle W RW RTI International, Hermann 124, 3040 Cornwallis Road, Research Triangle Park, NC 27709-2194, USA. Electronic address: - - 2013
Bisphenol A (BPA), synthesized in 1891, is produced in quantities of >2 million metric tons annually for polycarbonate plastics, epoxy resins and food contact applications. BPA can be a weak estrogen mimic, and is ubiquitous in humans (in 93% US population; in 96% US pregnant women). European/US food/drug agencies conclude ...
Ribas Antoni A University of California, Los Angeles, Jonsson Comprehensive Cancer Center, Los Angeles, CA, - - 2013
Vemurafenib is an orally bioavailable BRAF inhibitor approved for the treatment of BRAF(V600) -mutant metastatic melanoma. It is important to understand the effects of a high-fat meal on the pharmacokinetics (PK) of vemurafenib in humans because it is a Biopharmaceutics Classification System Class IV drug and its PK can be ...
Tian Jun J College of Life Science, Jiangsu Normal University, Xuzhou, Jiangsu 221116, - - 2013
The antifungal efficacy of nerol (NEL) has been proved against Aspergillus flavus by using in vitro and in vivo tests. The mycelial growth of A. flavus was completely inhibited at concentrations of 0.8  μ L/mL and 0.1  μ L/mL NEL in the air at contact and vapor conditions, respectively. The ...
Carlsson Pernilla P University Centre in Svalbard, P.O. Box 156, 9171, Longyearbyen, - - 2013
In this study, contamination levels were determined for polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs), polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs) and perfluorinated alkylated substances (PFASs) in traditional Greenland seafood items, such as raw and smoked fish fillet (salmon and halibut), whale and seal meat and narwhal mattak (skin and blubber). The daily intake of PCBs, ...
Armstrong Julie J 1School of Health and Life Sciences, Glasgow Caledonian University, Glasgow, Scotland, - - 2013
Background:Limited data exist that explore the association between exclusive breastfeeding and dietary behaviors related to key food choices in later infancy.Objective:This study aimed to examine the relationship between exclusive breastfeeding at 3 months with age of starting complementary feeding and key complementary feeding data collected at 8 to 10 months.Methods:Secondary ...
Montaseri H H a Department of Pharmaceutics, Faculty of Pharmacy , Shiraz University of Medical Sciences , Shiraz , - - 2014
Apple leather is made by dehydration of cooked fruit into leathery sheets. Mould growth and patulin production can occur in damaged apples or when fallen fruit is collected for apple leather processing. A survey was conducted to determine levels and dietary intake of patulin from apple leather marketed in Iran. ...
Nørregaard Rasmus Dyrmose RD Section of Oceanography and Climate, National Institute of Aquatic Resources, Technical University of Denmark, Kavalergården 6, 2920, Charlottenlund, - - 2013
Calanus hyperboreus is a key species in the Arctic regions because of its abundance and role in the Arctic food web. Exploitation of the off shore oil reserves along Western Greenland is expected in the near future, and it is important to evaluate the acute and chronic effects of oil ...
Truong Van-Den - - 2013
Acrylamide formation in sweetpotato French fries (SPFF) is likely a potential health concern as there is an increasing demand for good quality fries from carotene-rich sweetpotatoes (SP). This is the first report on acrylamide formation in SPFF as affected by processing methods. Acrylamide levels in SPFF from untreated SP strips ...
Quiroga G G Department of Chemical Engineering and Environmental Technology, University Institute of Technology of Asturias, Campus of Gijon, University of Oviedo, 33203 Gijón, - - 2013
This paper presents a study of the effect of applying ultrasound pre-treatment in the production of methane when co-digesting mixtures of cattle manure with food waste and sludge. A series of experiments were carried out under mesophilic and thermophilic conditions in continuously stirred-tank reactors containing 70% cattle manure, 20% food ...
Cao Suzhen S Research Center for Eco-Environmental Sciences, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100085, China; State Key Laboratory of Environmental Criteria and Risk Assessment, Chinese Research Academy of Environmental Sciences, Beijing 100012, - - 2013
Coking influences environmental quality and poses high risks to human health as large amounts of heavy metals and metalloids are emitted into the environment from coal during the coking process. Health risks depend heavily on multi-pathway and element-specific exposures, which have, unfortunately, been rarely studied. In this study, children's health ...
Razavi N Roxanna NR Department of Biology, Queen's University, Kingston, ON, K7L 3N6, Canada, - - 2013
Little is known about mercury (Hg) biomagnification in the subtropics, aquatic systems with high species diversity resulting in complex food webs. High atmospheric Hg emissions and ubiquitous reservoir fisheries may lead to elevated Hg bioaccumulation in Chinese freshwater fishes. However, stocking practices using fast-growing species can result in low fish ...
Soraci Alejandro L AL Área de Toxicología, Departamento de Fisiopatología - Centro de Investigación Veterinaria de Tandil (CIVETAN), CONICET, Facultad de Ciencias Veterinarias, Universidad Nacional del Centro, Campus Universitario, Paraje Arroyo Seco s/n, Tandil, Argentina. Electronic address: - - 2013
The objective of this study was to document the effect of social ranking on the internal exposure of pigs to an antibiotic (fosfomycin) administered either in food or in drinking water. Signs of aggression were recorded at the feeder and drinker. The interindividual variability explained by the social rank was ...
Kawamura Yoko - - 2013
Bisphenol A (BPA) concentrations were surveyed in 100 domestic and 60 imported canned foods purchased on the Japanese market from 2011 to 2012. BPA was extracted from the canned foods, derivatized by ethylation and analysed using GC/MS. In the domestic canned foods, the maximum and average BPA concentrations were 30 ...
Domingos Ana I AI Laboratory of Molecular Genetics, Rockefeller University, 1230 York Avenue, New York, NY 10065, - - 2014
Leptin-deficient patients report higher "liking" ratings for food, and leptin replacement therapy normalizes these ratings even before weight loss is achieved. Since animals cannot report their ratings, we studied the relationship between leptin and food reward in leptin-deficient ob/ob mice using a optogenetic assay that quantifies the reward value of ...
Agatz Annika A Environment Department, University of York, Heslington, York, United Kingdom; Food and Environment Research Agency, Sand Hutton, York, United - - 2013
Changes in food uptake by detritivorous macro-invertebrates could disrupt the ecosystem service of leaf litter breakdown, necessitating the study of shredding under anthropogenic influences. Here, the impact of the neonicotinoid insecticide imidacloprid on the feeding rate of individual Gammarus pulex was measured at a daily resolution both during and after ...
Kotecha P V PV Academy for Educational Development, A2Z, The USAID Micronutrient Project India, New Delhi I 10 - - 2013
Diet plays a very important role in growth and development of adolescents, during which the development of healthy eating habits is of supreme importance. There is a dual burden of undernutrition and overnutrition in this age-group. The study assessed the food habits, food preferences, and dietary pattern of schoolgoing urban ...
Pan Ke - - 2013
This study is the first comprehensive evaluation of total Hg and methylmercury (MeHg) concentrations in wild marine fish from an estuarine and a coastal ecosystem in southern China. A total of 571 fish from 54 different species were examined. Our results showed that the Hg levels were generally low in ...
Klenow Stefanie - - 2013
The dietary exposure to selected PFAAs was estimated in four selected European states (Belgium, the Czech Republic, Italy and Norway) representing Western, Southern, Eastern and Northern Europe. The harmonised sampling programme designed in the European Union project PERFOOD was targeted at identifying seven selected PFAAs, including perfluorooctane sulfonic acid (PFOS) ...
Liao Chunyang - - 2013
Bisphenol A (BPA) is a high-production-volume chemical that is widely used in polycarbonate plastics and epoxy food-can coatings. Following several studies that reported adverse effects of BPA over the past decade, other bisphenol analogues, such as bisphenol F (BPF), bisphenol S (BPS), bisphenol AF (BPAF), and bisphenol B (BPB), have ...
Tampio Elina - - 2013
Anaerobic digestion of autoclaved (160°C, 6.2bar) and untreated source segregated food waste (FW) was compared over 473days in semi-continuously fed mesophilic reactors with trace elements supplementation, at organic loading rates (OLRs) of 2, 3, 4 and 6kg volatile solids(VS)/m(3)d. Methane yields at all OLR were 5-10% higher for untreated FW ...
Whiting S - - 2013
Capsaicinoids are a group of chemicals naturally occurring in chilli peppers with bioactive properties that may help to support weight management. The aim of the present study was to conduct a meta-analysis investigating the potential effects of capsaicinoids on energy intake, to clarify previous observations and form evidence-based conclusions about ...
Christiansen Martin Lau - - 2013
To elucidate if a SNEDDS approach can eliminate the food-effect on cinnarizine absorption and to, investigate if a nutritional drink, Fresubin energy, could mimic food effect in dogs for the poorly soluble compound cinnarizine. Aconventional tablet, a SNEDDS capsule or a SNEDDS tablet, containing cinnarizine, were dosed to beagles dogs ...
Li Meng - - 2013
The microbiological spoilage of fishery food is mainly due to specific spoilage organism (SSO). Shewanella putrefaciens has defined as SSO for most chilled marine fish. Bacteriophages have shown excellent capability to control microorganisms. The objective of this study was to determine specific bacteriophage to prevent the spoilage by reducing SSO ...
Kakimoto Kensaku - - 2013
This study estimated daily exposure to Dechlorane Plus (DP) and polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDE) via inhalation and diet. Samples of atmospheric particles and food (obtained by market basket method) from Osaka, Japan were analyzed for DP (syn-, anti-) and PBDE using gas chromatography-mass spectrometry. DP was detected in both atmospheric ...
Hart Chantelle N CN Center for Obesity Research and Education, Temple University, 3223 N Broad St, Suite 175, Philadelphia, PA 19140. - - 2013
To examine the effect of experimental changes in children's sleep duration on self-reported food intake, food reinforcement, appetite-regulating hormones, and measured weight. Using a within-subjects, counterbalanced, crossover design, 37 children, 8 to 11 years of age (27% overweight/obese) completed a 3-week study. Children slept their typical amount at home for ...
Zhang G - - 2013
Salmonella enterica ssp. enterica serovar Enteritidis is the leading reported cause of Salmonella infections. Most Salmonella Enteritidis infections are associated with whole shell eggs and egg products. This project attempted to lay the foundation for improving the Food and Drug Administration's current Bacteriological Analytical Manual method for the detection of ...
Arambalza U - - 2013
We analyzed the capacity of the common cockle Cerastoderma edule to utilize detrital food particles obtained from three different macrophytes: the vascular plant Juncus maritimus and two green macroalgae (Ulva lactuca and Enteromorpha sp.). We measured feeding and digestive parameters at three concentrations of detritus (0.5, 1.0 and 3.0 mm(3) l(-1)), so ...
McDonnell Sharon L - - 2013
Cutaneous synthesis and traditional food sources do not fully account for unsupplemented vitamin D status. Non-traditional food sources may be an undiscovered input. In a cohort of 780 non-supplement-taking adults with a mean serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D [25(OH)D] of 33 (± 14) ng/ml we assessed the relationship between vitamin D status ...
Olejnik MaƂgorzata - - 2014
The cross-contamination of non-target feeds with coccidiostats may result in the occurrence of their residues in food of animal origin. To assure food safety, maximum levels (ML) of coccidiostats have been set for both feed and food. However, scientific data are not available on the transfer of some coccidiostats from ...
Brandão-Gonçalves L L Laboratório de Ecotoxicologia e Biomanipulação, Programa de pós-graduação strictu sensu em Recursos Pesqueiros e Engenharia de Pesca, Universidade Estadual do Oeste do Paraná, Toledo, PR, - - 2013
Experiments were designed to determine if the juvenile forms of jundia (Rhamdia quelen) exhibit selectivity feeding on zooplanktonic organisms and the influence of intraspecific competition on the diet. The fish were maintained in 5000-L containers, and after seven days from birth, they were acclimated in experimental units with different densities ...
Alto Barry W - - 2013
Competitive interactions between mosquitoes Aedes aegypti (L.) and Aedes albopictus (Skuse) may depend on environmental conditions. Pesticides may alleviate density-dependent competition for limited food, and a differential species response to sublethal concentrations may modify interspecific competition. We tested the hypothesis that exposure to malathion alters interspecific resource competition between these ...
Agarwal E - - 2013
The Australasian Nutrition Care Day Survey (ANCDS) reported that two-fifths of patients consume ≤50% of the offered food in Australian and New Zealand hospitals. After controlling for confounders (nutritional status, age, disease type and severity), the ANCDS also established an independent association between poor food intake and increased in-hospital mortality. ...
Turner-McGrievy Gabrielle M - - 2013
Children who attend child care outside the home may be at increased risk for developing obesity. In 2012, the South Carolina ABC Child Care program issued new standards for food and nutrition. The goal of our study (conducted June to December 2012) was to examine changes that occurred at a ...
Nunes Eric J - - 2013
Effort-related motivational symptoms such as anergia and fatigue are common in patients with depression and other disorders. Research implicates pro-inflammatory cytokines in depression, and administration of cytokines can induce effort-related motivational symptoms in humans. The present experiments focused on the effects of the pro-inflammatory cytokine interleukin 1-beta (IL-1β) on effort-related ...
Luo Jinming - - 2013
Pb and Cd concentrations in the habitat and preys of the red-crowned crane (i.e., reed rhizomes and three typical aquatic animal families (Perccottus glehni Dybowski, Carassius auratus Linnaeus, and Viviparidae)) were analyzed to examine the impact of these hazards on red-crowned cranes in northeastern China. Results indicated that Pb and ...
Kaushik Geetanjali G a Amity Institute of Environmental Sciences , Amity University Campus , Sector- 125, Noida-201303 , Gautam Buddha Nagar , UP , - - 2013
Abstract Mycotoxins that commonly occur in cereal grains and other products can contaminate finished processed foods on account of their high toxicity. The mycotoxins that are commonly associated with food grains include aflatoxins, ochratoxin A, fumonisins, deoxynivalenol and zearalenone. Various food processing operations include sorting, trimming, cleaning, cooking, baking, frying, ...
Kim Eunsuk - - 2013
Longevity is a highly variable life history trait and its variation is attributable to both genetic and environmental factors. Exploring well-known environmental factors in a new model system is a useful approach to explore taxonomic variation in plasticity of longevity. We examined responsiveness of the Daphnia pulex clone TCO to ...
Dilip Tr - - 2013
Inequities in a population in spending on food and non-food items can contribute to disparities in health status. The Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Scheme (MGNREGS) was launched in rural India in 2006, aimed at providing at least 100 days of manual work to a member in needy households. ...
Ianco Orit O Orit Ianco, Amos Ofer, Erwin Santo, Iris Dotan, Comprehensive Pouch Clinic, IBD Center, Department of Gastroenterology and Liver Diseases, Tel Aviv Sourasky Medical Center, Tel Aviv 64239, - - 2013
To investigate the diet of pouch patients compared to healthy controls, and to correlate pouch patients' diet with disease behavior. Pouch patients were recruited and prospectively followed-up at the Comprehensive Pouch Clinic at the Tel Aviv Sourasky Medical Center. Pouch behavior was determined based on clinical, endoscopic and histological criteria. ...
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