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Lin Hsien-Chun HC Division of Chest Medicine, Department of Internal Medicine, Wan Fang Hospital, Taipei Medical University, Taipei, - - 2014
Under the directly observed treatment, short course (DOTS) program, antituberculosis (anti-TB) medications were possibly taken at random time, regardless of whether it was prior to or after meals. This study was to evaluate the impact of food intake on pharmacokinetic profiles of first-line TB drugs in Taiwanese TB patients, as ...
Ko Ahra A Food Safety Risk Assessment Division, National Institute of Food and Drug Safety Evaluation, Chungcheongbuk-do, - - 2014
Bisphenol A (BPA) is widely used in the production of polycarbonate plastics, epoxy resins, and food and beverage containers. In the present study, we aimed to investigate the relationship between urinary concentrations of BPA and waist circumference in Korean adults. A total of 1,030 Korean adults (mean age, 44.3 ± ...
Johansson Jana H JH Department of Applied Environmental Science (ITM), Stockholm University, 106 91 Stockholm, Sweden. Electronic address: - - 2014
The aim of this study was to determine how dietary exposure to PFAAs has changed over the period when major production changes occurred. Archived samples (1999-2010) of eggs, milk and farmed rainbow trout were analyzed by ultra performance liquid chromatography coupled to tandem mass spectrometry. Statistically significant decreasing trends were ...
Shumaker Robert - - 2014
Objective: To evaluate the effect of formulation and a high-fat meal on the pharmacokinetics of orally administered lenvatinib (E7080). Materials: Lenvatinib 10-mg capsule and tablet. Methods: Pharmacokinetics and safety of a single 10-mg lenvatinib dose were evaluated in healthy subjects in two randomized, two-period, crossover, phase 1, bioavailability trials. The ...
Wang Sai S Beijing Key Laboratory of Bioprocess, College of Life Science and Technology, Beijing University of Chemical Technology, Beijing 100029, PR - - 2014
Tetracycline (TC) is widely used for prevention and control of animal diseases for its broad spectrum antimicrobial activity and low cost, but its abuse can seriously affect human health and may result in trade loss. Thus there is an imperative need to develop high-performing analytical technique for TC detection. In ...
Buchwald Henry H Department of Surgery, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN. Electronic address: - - 2014
We do not have a unified, scientifically tested theory of causation for obesity and its co-morbidities, nor do we have explanations for the mechanics of the metabolic/bariatric surgery procedures. Integral to proffered hypotheses are the actions of the hormones glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1), peptide YY (PYY), and leptin. The objective of ...
Pardo Olga O Centre for Public Health Research (CSISP-FISABIO), 21, Avenida Catalunya, 46020 Valencia, Spain; Analytical Chemistry Department, Universit of Valencia, Edifici Jeroni Muñoz, Dr. Moliner 50, 46100 Burjassot, Spain. Electronic address: - - 2014
The study was carried out to estimate the dietary intake of polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs) in the Region of Valencia (Spain) in order to evaluate the resultant risk. The PBDE levels in fish and seafood (a total of 206 samples) were determined. Dietary intake was estimated using results of PBDE ...
Yamada A A Risk Assessment Directorate, French Agency for Food, Environmental and Occupational Health and Safety (ANSES), 27-31 avenue du Général Leclerc, Maisons-Alfort 94701, France. Electronic address: - - 2014
Perfluoroalkyl acids (PFAAs) are globally found in various media, including food and especially fishery products. In the present study, the dietary exposure to 15 perfluoroalkyl acids was assessed for 3 French adult populations, namely high seafood consumers, high freshwater fish consumers, and pregnant women. Purified food extracts were analysed by ...
Bayham Brooke E BE Pennington Biomedical Research Center, Baton Rouge, - - 2014
To test whether a breakfast including eggs (EB) containing high-quality protein decreases subsequent food intake and increases satiety-related hormones in overweight or obese adults more than a breakfast including cereal (CB) of lower protein quality, but matched for energy density and macronutrient composition. Twenty healthy overweight or obese subjects were ...
Levi Tal T Department of Life Sciences, Ben-Gurion University of the Negev, POB 653, Be'er-Sheva 84105, - - 2014
Mosquitoes have a complex life-cycle with dramatic changes in shape, function, and habitat. Aedes aegypti was studied by growing individual larvae at different concentrations of a defined rich food source. At higher food concentrations, rate of larval growth was faster, but the time required for 4(th) instar larvae to molt ...
Atwood Trisha B TB Department of Forest and Conservation Sciences, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC, V6T 1Z4, Canada; Global Change Institute, University of Queensland, Brisbane, QLD, 4072, - - 2014
Concern over accelerating rates of species invasions and losses have initiated investigations into how local and global changes to predator abundance mediate trophic cascades that influence CO2 fluxes of aquatic ecosystems. However, to date, no studies have investigated how species additions or losses at other consumer trophic levels influence the ...
Freitas Marisa M CIIMAR/CIMAR - Interdisciplinary Centre of Marine and Environmental Research, University of Porto, Rua dos Bragas 289, P 4050-123 Porto, Portugal; FacultyofSciences, University of Porto, Rua do Campo Alegre, 4169-007 Porto, Portugal; Polytechnic Institute of Porto. Escola Superior de Tecnologia da Saúde do Porto. CISA/Research Center in Environment and Health, Rua de Valente Perfeito, 322, 440-330 Gaia, - - 2014
Accumulation of microcystin-LR (MC-LR) in edible aquatic organisms, particularly in bivalves, is widely documented. In this study, the effects of food storage and processing conditions on the free MC-LR concentration in clams (Corbicula fluminea) fed MC-LR-producing M. aeruginosa (1x10(5) cell/mL) for four days, and the bioaccessibility of MC-LR after in ...
Mathews Shiny S Department of Biosystems and Agricultural Engineering, Michigan State University, 524 S. Shaw Lane, East Lansing, MI, 48824, USA, - - 2014
Commonly used in personal care products, triclocarban (TCC) and triclosan (TCS) are two chemicals with antimicrobial properties that have recently been recognized as environmental contaminants with the potential to adversely affect human health. The objective of the study described herein was to evaluate the potential of food crops to uptake ...
Seixas Tércia G TG Dep. de Química, Pontifícia Universidade Católica do Rio de Janeiro, 22453-900, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, - - 2014
Methylmercury (MeHg), inorganic mercury (Hginorg) and their biomagnification factors (BMF) were evaluated along a non-degraded Brazilian bay food web. Highly significant differences (p < 0.0001) were found between MeHg and Hginorg concentrations among all organisms (microplankton, shrimp, fish and dolphin). MeHg increased with increasing trophic position while Hginorg did not present the ...
Kumar Gayathri G 1 Epidemic Intelligence Service, Office of Surveillance, Epidemiology, and Laboratory Services, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention , Atlanta, - - 2014
Abstract Background: The Institute of Medicine noted that current food and beverage marketing practices promote unhealthful diets. However, little public health research has been conducted on food marketing directed toward adolescents, especially using caregiver- and adolescent-reported data. Methods: We assessed perceived frequency of food/beverage advertising exposure and common locations of ...
Bjarnadottir Adda A 1 Unit for Nutrition Research, Landspitali-University Hospital & Faculty of Food Science and Nutrition, School of Health Sciences, University of Iceland, Laeknagardur, Vatnsmyrarvegur 16, 101 Reykjavík, - - 2014
The aim was to investigate autumn vitamin D intake and status in 7-year-old Icelanders, fitting BMI and cardiorespiratory fitness as predictors. Three-day food records and fasting blood samples were collected evenly from September to November, and cardiorespiratory fitness was measured with an ergometer bike. Food and nutrient intakes were calculated, ...
Castorena-Torres Fabiola F Escuela de Biotecnología y Alimentos, Centro de Biotecnología-FEMSA, Tecnológico de Monterrey, Campus-Monterrey, Eugenio Garza Sada 2501, Monterrey, NL, 64849, - - 2014
Folate deficiency is a global health problem related to neural tube defects, cardiovascular disease, dementia, and cancer. Considering that folic acid (FA) supply through industrialized foods is the most successful intervention, limitations exist for its complete implementation worldwide. Biofortification of plant foods, on the other hand, could be implemented in ...
Di Leo Antonella A Institute for Coastal Marine Environment, Operative Unit of Taranto, C.N.R., via Roma 3, 74123, Taranto, - - 2014
The levels and specific profiles of polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins, dibenzofurans (PCDD/Fs) and dioxin-like polychlorinated biphenyls (DL-PCBs) in Mytilus galloprovincialis from the Mar Grande and the Mar Piccolo of Taranto were determined during the extensive monitoring plan of Local Health Authority to assess PCDD/Fs and DL-PCBs contamination in food and farm products, ...
Tilley Falon F Department of Exercise Science, Arnold School of Public Health, University of South Carolina, Columbia, SC. Electronic address: - - 2014
To describe the development and evaluation of Healthy Lunchbox Challenge, a nutrition program targeting staff, parents, and children in summer day camps (SDCs). A single-group, pre/post-assessment design was used during summer, 2011(baseline) and 2012 (intervention). Four community-based SDCs in South Carolina participated. Intervention components were applied over the 11-week SDC ...
Markovich Jessica E JE Department of Clinical Sciences, Cummings School of Veterinary Medicine, Tufts University, North Grafton, MA - - 2014
Objective-To measure thiamine concentrations in commercial canned foods formulated for cats as an initial assessment of the variation among canned foods and to determine the effects of flavor (fish vs nonfish) of the food, texture (paté vs nonpaté) of the food, country of manufacture, and size of the company on ...
Fratianni Florinda F Istituto di Scienze dell'Alimentazione, Consiglio nazionale delle Ricerche, ISA-CNR , Via Roma 64, 83100 Avellino , Italy - - 2014
Abstract The probiotic yeast, Saccharomyces cerevisiae boulardii, was microencapsulated in a mixture of alginate-inulin-xanthan gum, and its ability to grow in berry juice and survive 4 weeks of storage at 4 °C was determined. Exposure of the yeast in these forms to artificial gastrointestinal conditions was also assessed. Encapsulation significantly enhanced ...
Schwartz Janet J 1Department of Marketing, A. B. Freeman School of Business, Tulane - - 2014
We tested a voluntary self-control commitment device to help grocery shoppers make healthier food purchases. Participants, who were already enrolled in a large-scale incentive program that discounts the price of eligible groceries by 25%, were offered the chance to put their discount on the line. Agreeing households pledged that they ...
Genualdi Susan S a Center for Food Safety and Applied Nutrition , US Food and Drug Administration , College Park , MD , - - 2014
Abstract Due to the 2011 labeling of styrene monomer as "reasonably anticipated to be a human carcinogen" by the National Institutes of Health's National Toxicology Program (NTP) and the controversy over whether styrene oligomers mimic the physiological effects of estrogen, an updated review of styrene monomer and oligomers in food ...
Steyn Nelia Patricia - - 2014
The aim of this study was to determine the best dietary diversity indicator to measure dietary diversity and micronutrient adequacy in children. A national representative cross-sectional survey of children ages 1 to 9 y (N = 2,200) was undertaken in all ethnic groups in South Africa. A 24-h recall was ...
Carrigan Anna A Department of Medicine, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, - - 2014
Phosphorus-based food additives increase the total phosphorus content of processed foods. However, the extent to which these additives augment total phosphorus intake per day is unclear. To examine the contribution of phosphorus-based food additives to the total phosphorus content of processed foods, separate 4-day menus for a low-additive and additive-enhanced ...
Kavallieratos Nickolas G NG Laboratory of Agricultural Entomology, Department of Entomology and Agricultural Zoology, Benaki Phytopathological Institute, 8 Stefanou Delta Street, 14561, Kifissia, Attica, - - 2014
The entomopathogenic fungi Beauveria bassiana, Metarhizium anisopliae, and Isaria fumosorosea were tested against the stored-grain pest Sitophilus oryzae. The fungi were isolated from the soil (from three locations in Attica, Greece: B. bassiana from Tatoion, M. anisopliae from Marathon, and I. fumosorosea from Aghios Stefanos) using larvae of Galleria mellonella ...
Mpofu Augustine A a Department of Food Science and Technology , Chinhoyi University of Technology , Chinhoyi , - - 2014
We evaluated processing technology, composition, and socioeconomic significance of mutandabota, a food product made by mixing cow's or goat's milk with dry baobab fruit pulp. Mutandabota production is a gendered activity dominated by women. Nutrient content was (g 100 g(-1) w.b) protein 4.8 ± 1, fat 2.8 ± 0.9, fiber ...
Bégin Philippe P Allergy, Immunology, and Rheumatology Division, Stanford University, CCSR 3215, Stanford, CA 94305, USA. - - 2014
Thirty percent of children with food allergy are allergic to more than one food. Previous studies on oral immunotherapy (OIT) for food allergy have focused on the administration of a single allergen at the time. This study aimed at evaluating the safety of a modified OIT protocol using multiple foods ...
Singla Neena N 0000-0002-2078-475X Department of Zoology, Punjab Agricultural University, Ludhiana 141004, - - 2014
Rodent repellents are chemicals which by taste or odour or possibly by both will prevent animal from feeding or gnawing. Such substances may be used in protecting an area from rodent infestation or in protecting packaged food, packing materials, electric cables, and other important vulnerable materials. Mature and healthy house ...
Dzoyem Jean Paul JP Department of Biochemistry, Faculty of Science, University of Dschang, P,O, Box 67, Dschang, Cameroon. - - 2014
Spices and herbs have been used in food since ancient times to give taste and flavor and also as food preservatives and disease remedies. In Cameroon, the use of spices and other aromatic plants as food flavoring is an integral part of dietary behavior, but relatively little is known about ...
Yang Mei M Department of Health Surveillance and Management, Futian District Center for Disease Control and Prevention of Shenzhen, Shenzhen, Guangdong, China; Department of Laboratory, Futian District Center for Disease Control and Prevention of Shenzhen, Shenzhen, Guangdong, - - 2014
Although there are great changes of dietary in the past few decades in China, few are known about the aluminium exposure in Chinese diet. The aim of this study is to systematically evaluate the dietary aluminium intake level in residents of Shenzhen, China. A total of 853 persons from 244 ...
South Timothy T Department of Pharmacology, School of Medical Sciences, University of New South Wales, Sydney, - - 2014
Obesity is associated with excessive consumption of palatable, energy dense foods. The present study used an animal model to examine feeding patterns during exposure to and withdrawal from these foods. Male Sprague Dawley rats were exposed to standard lab chow only (Chow rats) or a range of cafeteria-style foods eaten ...
Takamura Kazuhiro K Department of Community Medicine, Obstetrics and Gynecology, Miyazaki Prefectural Miyazaki Hospital, Miyazaki, - - 2014
A salt preference questionnaire may be a convenient and cost-effective method for predicting salt intake; however, the influence of salt preference on daily salt intake is unclear. This study aimed at revealing the effectiveness of the salt preference question in determining the daily salt intake in primary care outpatients. This ...
Garrido-Fernández S - - 2014
Treatment of food allergy essentially consists of food avoidance, but immunotherapy with food is emerging as a new therapeutic option. To evaluate clinical improvement and immunological changes in patients with peach allergy following sublingual immunotherapy (SLIT) with a Prup3 quantified peach extract. A randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled clinical trial with peach ...
Otani Iris M IM Stanford Alliance for Food Allergy Research, Palo Alto, CA, - - 2014
Food allergy (FA) negatively affects quality of life in caregivers of food-allergic children, imposing a psychosocial and economic burden. Oral immunotherapy (OIT) is a promising investigational therapy for FA. However, OIT can be a source of anxiety as it carries risk for allergic reactions. The effect of OIT with multiple ...
Esper Renata H RH Centro de Pesquisa e Desenvolvimento em Sanidade Animal, Instituto Biológico São Paulo, - - 2014
Aflatoxin B1 (AFB1) is a highly toxic and carcinogenic metabolite produced by Aspergillus species on food and agricultural commodities. Inhibitory effects of essential oils of Ageratum conyzoides (mentrasto) and Origanum vulgare (oregano) on the mycelial growth and aflatoxin B1 production by Aspergillus flavus have been studied previously in culture medium. ...
Song Pengkun P Elderly and Clinical Nutrition Laboratory, Institute of Nutrition and Food Safety, Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Beijing, - - 2014
To propose a feasible suggestion to reduce the high prevalence of anaemia in middle-aged and elderly women by investigating risk factors, particularly nutritional factors, and analysing the effect on anaemia in three different rural areas of China. A case-control study. Three counties of China. Women aged 50-75 years in the three ...
Duchaine Caroline S CS Cancer Research Center, Department of Social and Preventive Medicine, Laval University, Quebec City, Quebec G1V 0A6, Canada. - - 2014
Intake of sugar-sweetened beverages has increased in North America and seems to have several adverse health effects possibly through decreased circulating 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25(OH)D) concentrations. The aim of this cross-sectional study was to evaluate the association between sugar-sweetened beverages intake and 25(OH)D concentrations among premenopausal women. Intake of sugar-sweetened beverages ...
Webster Jacqui J The George Institute for Global Health, Food Policy Division, World Health Organization Collaborating Centre on Population Salt Reduction, Sydney 2050, Australia. - - 2014
Reducing population salt intake has been identified as a priority intervention to reduce non-communicable diseases. Member States of the World Health Organization have agreed to a global target of a 30% reduction in salt intake by 2025. In countries where most salt consumed is from processed foods, programs to engage ...
Uekusa Yoshinori Y National Institute of Health - - 2014
Radioactive contamination in foods is a matter of great concern after the Tokyo Electric Power Company's Fukushima Daiichi nuclear power plant disaster caused by the Great East Japan Earthquake. In order to estimate human intake and annual committed effective dose of radioactive materials, market basket and duplicate diet samples from ...
Nenzén Hedvig K HK Département des sciences biologiques, Université du Québec à Montréal, Montréal, Québec, - - 2014
Most evidence of climate change impacts on food webs comes from modern studies and little is known about how ancient food webs have responded to climate changes in the past. Here, we integrate fossil evidence from 71 fossil sites, body-size relationships and actualism to reconstruct food webs for six large ...
Tyl Rochelle W RW RTI International, Hermann 124, 3040 Cornwallis Road, Research Triangle Park, NC 27709-2194, USA. Electronic address: - - 2013
Bisphenol A (BPA), synthesized in 1891, is produced in quantities of >2 million metric tons annually for polycarbonate plastics, epoxy resins and food contact applications. BPA can be a weak estrogen mimic, and is ubiquitous in humans (in 93% US population; in 96% US pregnant women). European/US food/drug agencies conclude ...
Ribas Antoni A University of California, Los Angeles, Jonsson Comprehensive Cancer Center, Los Angeles, CA, - - 2013
Vemurafenib is an orally bioavailable BRAF inhibitor approved for the treatment of BRAF(V600) -mutant metastatic melanoma. It is important to understand the effects of a high-fat meal on the pharmacokinetics (PK) of vemurafenib in humans because it is a Biopharmaceutics Classification System Class IV drug and its PK can be ...
Tian Jun J College of Life Science, Jiangsu Normal University, Xuzhou, Jiangsu 221116, - - 2013
The antifungal efficacy of nerol (NEL) has been proved against Aspergillus flavus by using in vitro and in vivo tests. The mycelial growth of A. flavus was completely inhibited at concentrations of 0.8  μ L/mL and 0.1  μ L/mL NEL in the air at contact and vapor conditions, respectively. The ...
Carlsson Pernilla P University Centre in Svalbard, P.O. Box 156, 9171, Longyearbyen, - - 2013
In this study, contamination levels were determined for polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs), polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs) and perfluorinated alkylated substances (PFASs) in traditional Greenland seafood items, such as raw and smoked fish fillet (salmon and halibut), whale and seal meat and narwhal mattak (skin and blubber). The daily intake of PCBs, ...
Armstrong Julie J 1School of Health and Life Sciences, Glasgow Caledonian University, Glasgow, Scotland, - - 2013
Background:Limited data exist that explore the association between exclusive breastfeeding and dietary behaviors related to key food choices in later infancy.Objective:This study aimed to examine the relationship between exclusive breastfeeding at 3 months with age of starting complementary feeding and key complementary feeding data collected at 8 to 10 months.Methods:Secondary ...
Montaseri H H a Department of Pharmaceutics, Faculty of Pharmacy , Shiraz University of Medical Sciences , Shiraz , - - 2014
Apple leather is made by dehydration of cooked fruit into leathery sheets. Mould growth and patulin production can occur in damaged apples or when fallen fruit is collected for apple leather processing. A survey was conducted to determine levels and dietary intake of patulin from apple leather marketed in Iran. ...
Nørregaard Rasmus Dyrmose RD Section of Oceanography and Climate, National Institute of Aquatic Resources, Technical University of Denmark, Kavalergården 6, 2920, Charlottenlund, - - 2013
Calanus hyperboreus is a key species in the Arctic regions because of its abundance and role in the Arctic food web. Exploitation of the off shore oil reserves along Western Greenland is expected in the near future, and it is important to evaluate the acute and chronic effects of oil ...
Truong Van-Den - - 2013
Acrylamide formation in sweetpotato French fries (SPFF) is likely a potential health concern as there is an increasing demand for good quality fries from carotene-rich sweetpotatoes (SP). This is the first report on acrylamide formation in SPFF as affected by processing methods. Acrylamide levels in SPFF from untreated SP strips ...
Quiroga G G Department of Chemical Engineering and Environmental Technology, University Institute of Technology of Asturias, Campus of Gijon, University of Oviedo, 33203 Gijón, - - 2013
This paper presents a study of the effect of applying ultrasound pre-treatment in the production of methane when co-digesting mixtures of cattle manure with food waste and sludge. A series of experiments were carried out under mesophilic and thermophilic conditions in continuously stirred-tank reactors containing 70% cattle manure, 20% food ...
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