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Zhou Ying Y Sino-Forest Applied Research Centre for Pearl River Delta Environment and Department of Biology, Hong Kong Baptist University, Hong Kong Special Administrative Region, PR - - 2014
Humification during co-composting of food waste, sawdust and Chinese medicinal herbal residues (CMHRs) was investigated to reveal its correlation with compost maturity. Food waste, sawdust and CMHRs were mixed at 5:5:1 and 1:1:1 (dry weight basis) while food waste:sawdust at 1:1 (dry wt. basis) served as control. Lime at 2.25% ...
Cheyns Karlien K Veterinary and Agrochemical Research Centre (VAR), Leuvensesteenweg 17, B-3080 Tervuren, Belgium; Division Soil and Water Management, KU Leuven, Kasteelpark Arenberg 20, B-3001 Leuven, - - 2014
Human exposure biomonitoring in the African Copperbelt (Katanga, southern D.R. Congo) revealed elevated cobalt (Co) exposure in the general population. This study was designed to identify the Co exposure routes for the non-occupationally exposed population in that area. The concentration of Co was measured in environmental and urine samples collected ...
ZióÅ‚kowski Hubert H Department of Pharmacology and Toxicology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Warmia and Mazury, Oczapowskiego Street 13, 10-718 Olsztyn, Poland. Electronic address: - - 2014
The objective of this study has been to determine the influence of food and ions on the pharmacokinetics of enrofloxacin (ENRO) in turkeys, administered per os at a dose of 10 mg/kg of body weight (b.w.). Co-administration of ENRO with ions or with food significantly retarded its absorption, and the interaction ...
Jaacks L M LM Department of Nutrition, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, - - 2014
To compare change in dietary intake, with an emphasis on food groups and food intake behaviour, over time across treatment arms in a diabetes prevention trial and to assess the differences in dietary intake among demographic groups within treatment arms. Data are from the Diabetes Prevention Program and Diabetes Prevention ...
Smith M M University Department of Ear, Nose and Throat Diseases, Medical University of Vienna, Vienna, - - 2014
The EC-funded EuroPrevall project examined the prevalence of food allergy across Europe. A well-established factor in the occurrence of food allergy is primary sensitization to pollen. To analyse geographic and temporal variations in pollen exposure, allowing the investigation of how these variations influence the prevalence and incidence of food allergies ...
Xu Su Yun SY Department of Environmental & Low-Carbon Science, School of Environment and Architecture, University of Shanghai for Science and Technology, Shanghai, China; Sino-Forest Applied Research Centre for Pearl River Delta Environment and Department of Biology, Hong Kong Baptist University, Hong Kong Special Administrative - - 2014
This study aimed at understanding the relationship between microbial community and extracellular enzyme activities of leach bed reactor (LBR) treating food waste under different leachate recirculation practices (once per day and continuous) and liquid to solid (L/S) ratios (1:1 and 0.5:1). Microbial community analysis using PCR-DGGE revealed that Lactobacillus sp., ...
Wang Ming M Department of Agriculture Biological Environment and Energy Engineering, School of Engineering, Northeast Agriculture University, No. 59 Mucai Street, Xiangfang District, Harbin 150030, PR - - 2014
A novel alternate feeding mode was introduced to study the possibilities of improving methane yield from anaerobic co-digestion of food waste (FW) with chicken manure (CM). Two kinds of feeding sequence (a day FW and next day CM (FM/CM), two days FM and the third day CM (FW/FM/CM)) were investigated ...
Schwander Flurina F Institute of Food Science, Agroscope, Federal Office of Agriculture, Berne, - - 2014
A dose-response strategy may not only allow investigation of the impact of foods and nutrients on human health but may also reveal differences in the response of individuals to food ingestion based on their metabolic health status. In a randomized crossover study, we challenged 19 normal-weight (BMI: 20-25 kg/m(2)) and ...
Sun Caihong C 1 Department of Children Health and Hygiene, School of Public Health, Harbin Medical University, 157 Baojian Road, 150081 Harbin, People's Republic of - - 2014
The present study aimed to (i) evaluate the reproducibility and validity of a designed FFQ, (ii) apply the FFQ for estimating the dietary intakes of four flavonols and two flavones in female adolescents and (iii) explain their major dietary sources. The reproducibility between the first and second FFQ administrations (1 ...
Weller Stephen S GlaxoSmithKline,1Research Triangle Park, NC, and 2Upper Providence, PA, - - 2014
The integrase inhibitor dolutegravir and nucleoside analogues abacavir and lamivudine are once-daily treatment options for HIV. This study (NCT01622790) evaluated, firstly, the bioequivalence of a fixed-dose combination (FDC) tablet containing dolutegravir 50 mg, abacavir 600 mg and lamivudine 300 mg (dolutegravir/abacavir/lamivudine FDC) vs co-administered dolutegravir 50 mg and abacavir/lamivudine combination ...
Mandal Bidisha B School of Economic Sciences, Washington State University, United States. Electronic address: - - 2014
This article studies two pathways in which selection into different types of child care settings may affect likelihood of childhood obesity. Frequency of intake of high energy-dense and low energy-dense food items may vary across care settings, affecting weight outcomes. We find that increased use of paid and regulated care ...
Ryu Ohk-Hyun OH Division of Endocrinology and Metabolism, Department of Internal Medicine, College of Medicine, Chuncheon Sacred Heart Hospital, Hallym University, 153, Gyo-dong, Chuncheon, Gangwon-do, 200-704, South - - 2014
Seasonal variations in lifestyle, such as food intake and physical activity, have been reported. Glycemic control in type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) may be affected by such changes. We investigated seasonal variations in glycemic control, food intake, and physical activity in type 2 diabetic patients. This prospective observational study included ...
Abbassi Feten F The Higher Institute of Biotechnology of Béja, University of Jendouba, Avenue Habib Bourguiba Béja, - - 2014
Squirting cucumber (Ecballium elaterium), is an indigenous species of the south of Europe and the Mediterranean basin, sometimes cultivated for its use as a medicinal plant. This study compared phenolic contents in Ecballium elaterium organs and their antimicrobial activities against some foodborne pathogens. Our results indicated that the plant organs ...
Kiran George Seghal - - 2014
As a potent antimicrobial agent, silver nanostructures have been used in nanosensors and nanomaterial-based assays for the detection of food relevant analytes such as organic molecules, aroma, chemical contaminants, gases and food borne pathogens. In addition silver based nanocomposites act as an antimicrobial for food packaging materials. In this prospective, ...
Crogan Neva L NL Gonzaga University, 502 E. Boone Ave., Spokane, WA 99258, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
The purpose of this study was to test the effect of the Sorbet Increases Salivation (SIS) intervention on resident food intake and body weight. Using a pre- post design, thirty-nine nursing home residents received 2 ounces of lemon-lime sorbet prior to lunch and dinner meals for 6 weeks. As a ...
Kumar Prasun P Microbial Biotechnology and Genomics, CSIR -Institute of Genomics and Integrative Biology (IGIB), Delhi University Campus, Mall Road, New Delhi, 110007 India ; Department of Biotechnology, University of Pune, Pune, 411007 - - 2014
Vegetable wastes (VW) and food wastes (FW) are generated in large quantities by municipal markets, restaurants and hotels. Waste slurries (250 ml) in 300 ml BOD bottles, containing 3, 5 and 7 % total solids (TS) were hydrolyzed with bacterial mixtures composed of: Bacillus, Acinetobacter, Exiguobacterium, Pseudomonas, Stenotrophomonas and Sphingobacterium species. Each of ...
Choi Jae-Suk JS RIS Center, IACF, Silla Univ, Sasang-gu, Busan, 617-736, Republic of Korea; Dept. of Bio-Food Materials, Silla Univ, Sasang-gu, Busan, 617-736, Republic of - - 2014
To develop a new preservation method, the antimicrobial activity of grapefruit seed extract (GSE) against Makgeolli-brewing microorganisms and food-borne pathogens was assessed, and a general analysis and sensory evaluation of fresh Makgeolli with added GSE was made. The minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) values of GSE against 10 strains of Makgeolli-brewing ...
Lee Jungmin J United States Department of Agriculture, Agricultural Research Service, Horticultural Crops Research Unit Worksite, 29603 U of I Ln., Parma, ID, 83660, USA, - - 2014
There is currently no standard for the minimum anthocyanin concentration a black raspberry dietary supplement must contain for legal sale in the US. All consumer available black raspberry products (n = 19), packaged as dietary supplements or otherwise prepared (freeze-dried whole and pre-ground powders), were purchased and analyzed for their anthocyanin composition ...
Kpoclou Euloge Yénoukounmè EY a Department of Nutrition and Food Science, Faculty of Agronomic Sciences , University of Abomey-Calavi , Cotonou , - - 2014
Smoked shrimp is a food condiment widely used in Beninese local cooking practices. A previous study revealed that this product is highly contaminated with polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAH). The present study explored possibilities to reduce PAH levels in shrimp smoked using cottage industry smoking techniques with barrel and chorkor kilns, ...
Metzmann Katrin - - 2014
Objective: The objectives of the studies reported here were to determine the relative bioavailability of linagliptin and metformin when administered in a fixeddose combination (FDC) tablet with and without food, and to investigate the relative bioavailability of linagliptin and metformin FDC tablets from two treatment batches with different dissolution behavior. ...
Bastarrachea Luis J LJ Dept. of Food Science, Univ. of Massachusetts, 102 Holdsworth way, Amherst, MA 01003, - - 2014
Development of antimicrobial materials that regenerate antimicrobial activity represents a novel technology in preventing microbial cross-contamination. We report a method for the application of regenerably antimicrobial N-halamines onto the surface of polyethylene (PE) materials through layer-by-layer (LbL) assembly of polyethyleneimine and poly(acrylic acid). A total of 5, 10, 15, and ...
Ahn Juhee J Department of Medical Biomaterials Engineering, Kangwon national University, Chuncheon, Gangwon, 200-701, Republic of Korea; Research Institute of Bioscience and Biotechnology, Kangwon national University, Chuncheon, Gangwon, 200-701, Republic of - - 2014
The effect of pressure-assisted thermal processing (PATP) on the inactivation of Geobacillus stearothermophilus spores was determined in deionized water, cooked ground beef, egg patty mince, whole milk, and mashed potatoes at 105 °C under 500 and 700 MPa. The numbers of G. stearothermophilus spores in deionized water and milk were reduced ...
Abuhaloob Lamis L Ministry of Health, Ramallah, State of - - 2014
Children in Gaza Strip suffer from a high prevalence of dental fluorosis. To estimate and compare total daily fluoride (F) intake (TDFI) and investigate the relative contributions of different sources of F to TDFI, in 3- to 4-year-old children in Gaza Strip, exposed to low (<0.7 mg/litre), moderate (0.7-1.2 mg/litre) or high ...
Niemira Brendan A BA Food Safety and Intervention Technologies Research Unit, Eastern Regional Research Center, U.S. Dept. of Agriculture, Agricultural Research Service, Wyndmoor, PA 19038, - - 2014
Cross-contamination of foods from persistent pathogen reservoirs is a known risk factor in processing environments. Industry requires a rapid, waterless, zero-contact, chemical-free method for removing pathogens from food contact surfaces. Cold plasma was tested for its ability to inactivate Salmonella biofilms. A 3-strain Salmonella culture was grown to form adherent ...
Wang Jun-Jian JJ The Belle W. Baruch Institute of Coastal Ecology & Forest Science, Clemson University, SC, - - 2014
Disinfecting water containing the high levels of dissolved organic carbon (DOC) commonly generated during pinniped husbandry may cause the formation of carcinogenic disinfection byproducts (DBPs). Little information is available on DBP levels, sources, and health risks in marine mammal aquaria. Using the commonly observed trihalomethanes (THMs) as a DBP indicator, ...
Labunska Iryna - - 2014
Analysis of 10 types of locally-produced staple foods (including meat, fish and eggs), provided estimates of dietary intakes of polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs) for residents of areas of Taizhou City (Zhejing Province, Eastern China), which are long-established centers of rudimentary 'e-waste' recycling. Average ∑PBDE concentrations in chicken meat, eggs and ...
Garcia Julianne J The George Institute for Global Health, Sydney, NSW, Australia. - - 2014
OBJECTIVE To define the changes in sodium levels of Australian fast foods between 2009 and 2012 overall, in major food subcategories and by company. A comparison of mean sodium content was made across 4 years using t tests and mixed models. Nutrient content data for fast-food menu items collected from company websites of ...
Wu Chia-Fang CF Department of Public Health, Kaohsiung Medical University, Kaohsiung, - - 2014
This study aims to investigate what kinds of food products were contaminated by phthalates, mainly di-(2-ethylhexyl)phthalate (DEHP) and/or di-isononyl phthalate (DINP), during the 2011 phthalates incident in Taiwan, and whether the DEHP and/or DINP concentrations of some affected foods decreased after this incident. During May-October, 2011, 2731 food items were ...
Papanikolaou Yanni - - 2014
The American Heart Association's Strategic Impact Goal Through 2020 and Beyond recommends >= two 3.5-oz fish servings per week (preferably oily fish) partly to increase intake of omega3-fatty acids eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA). We examined the intake of total fish, fish high in omega-3 fatty acids, alpha-linolenic ...
Ben Hsouna Anis A Department of Life Sciences, Faculty of Sciences of Gafsa, Zarroug 2112, Gafsa, Tunisia, (phone: +216-97-130430; fax: +216-74-565555). - - 2014
Myrtus communis is a typical plant of the Mediterranean area, which is mainly used as animal and human food and, in folk medicine, for treating some disorders. In the present study, we evaluated in vitro antibacterial and antifungal properties of the essential oils of Myrtus communis (McEO), as well as ...
Goldenberg S U SU Centro de Ciências do Mar (CCMAR) and Faculdade de Ciências e Tecnologia (FCT, Universidade do Algarve, 8005-139, Faro, - - 2014
This is the first study investigating the plant-herbivore interaction between Sarpa salpa, which has overgrazed seagrass transplants in Portugal, and the seagrasses Cymodocea nodosa, Zostera marina and Zostera noltii, which have been considered for restoration. When offered the choice between the three seagrasses in outdoor tanks, adult S. salpa clearly ...
O'Malley Robert C RC Center for the Advanced Study of Hominid Paleobiology, Department of Anthropology, The George Washington University, Washington, DC 20052, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
Insectivory is hypothesized to be an important source of macronutrients, minerals, and vitamins for chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes), yet nutritional data based on actual intake are lacking. Drawing on observations from 2008 to 2010 and recently published nutritional assays, we determined the energy, macronutrient and mineral yields for termite-fishing (Macrotermes), ant-dipping ...
Brera C C GMO and Mycotoxin Unit, Department of Veterinary Public Health and Food Safety, Italian National Institute for Health. Electronic address: - - 2014
Mycotoxins are low molecular weight secondary metabolites produced by certain strains of filamentous fungi such as Aspergillus, Penicillium and Fusarium, which attack crops in the field, and grow on foods also during storage under favorable conditions of temperature and humidity. Foods mainly contributing to the intake of mycotoxins with diet ...
Jiang Dongsheng D State Key Laboratory of Pollution Control & Resource Reuse, School of the Environment, Nanjing University, Xianlin Campus, Nanjing, 210023, People's Republic of - - 2014
Fish is consumed as a common food by humans due to its nutritional and therapeutic benefits. However, they can accumulate toxic chemicals (such as heavy metals, persistent organic pollutants) from water and food chain. Very few studies have been investigated on heavy metal contents in fish from Tibetan Autonomous Region ...
Uddin S S Environmental Sciences Department, Kuwait Institute for Scientific Research, Kuwait. Electronic address: - - 2014
This study sets the baseline for the concentration of the natural-series radionuclide polonium-210 in two species of gastropods and four species of bivalves that are common to the Northern Arabian/Persian Gulf. (210)Po is primarily absorbed from water and via ingestion of detrital material by gastropoda and bivalves. This concentrated (210)Po ...
Leong Yin-Hui YH Centre for Advanced Analytical Toxicology Services, Universiti Sains Malaysia, 11800, Pulau Pinang, Malaysia, - - 2014
A total of 127 and 177 seafood samples from Malaysia were analyzed for polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins/dibenzofurans (PCDD/Fs) and dioxin-like polychlorinated biphenyls (dl-PCBs), respectively. The World Health Organization-toxic-equivalency quotients (WHO-TEQ) of PCDD/Fs varied from 0.13 to 1.03 pg TEQ g(-1), whereas dl-PCBs ranged from 0.33 to 1.32 pg TEQ g(-1). Based on food-consumption data from the ...
Cushen M M a School of Biosystems Engineering, Agriculture and Food Science Centre , University College Dublin , Dublin 4 , - - 2014
Polyethylene composites containing Agion(TM) commercial silver ion filler at 3 different percentage fill rates (0.5% w/w, 1.0% w/w and 2% w/w) and polyethylene composites containing laboratory produced silver nanoparticles (Agnps) at 2 different percentage fill rates ( 0.1% w/w and 0.5% w/w) underwent migration tests according to Commission Regulation (EU) No ...
Ishikawa Hiroshi H Yakult Central Institute for Microbiological Research, 1796 Yaho, Kunitachi, Tokyo 186-8650, Japan. Electronic address: - - 2014
Yeast contamination is a serious problem in the food industry and a major cause of food spoilage. Several yeasts, such as Filobasidiella neoformans, which cause cryptococcosis in humans, are also opportunistic pathogens, so a simple and rapid method for monitoring yeast contamination in food is essential. Here, we developed a ...
Rani Manviri M Oil and POPs Research Group, Korea Institute of Ocean Science and Technology, Geoje-shi 656-834, Republic of - - 2014
Polystyrene (PS) is made flame retardant by combining with hexabromocyclododecane (HBCD). HBCD can release from consumer products during their production, use or disposal. As a result, it has become a ubiquitous contaminant in the environment with a high potential for bioaccumulation. Therefore, to evaluate the extent of exposure to HBCD ...
McMeans Bailey C BC Great Lakes Institute for Environmental Research, University of Windsor, Windsor, Ontario N9B 3P4, Canada. Electronic address: - - 2014
Benthic and pelagic food web components in Cumberland Sound, Canada were explored as sources of total mercury (THg) to Greenland Sharks (Somniosus microcephalus) via both bottom-up food web transfer and top-down shark feeding behavior. Log10THg increased significantly with δ(15)N and trophic position from invertebrates (0.01±0.01μg·g(-1) [113±1ng·g(-1)] dw in copepods) to ...
Rho Sang-Gyun SG Sang-Gyun Rho, Department of Emergency Medical Services, Sunmoon University, Chungnam Asan 336-708, South - - 2014
To investigate whether palatable sweet foods have a beneficial effect on chronic stress-induced colonic motility and inflammatory cytokines. Adult male rats were divided into 3 groups: control (CON, n = 5), chronic variable stress with chow (CVS-A, n = 6), and chronic variable stress with chow and sweet food (CVS-B, ...
Eljarrat Ethel - - 2014
A study was performed to assess exposure of the Spanish population to HBCD. Based on consumption data statistics, food items from six food groups, i.e. fish and seafood, meat, animal fat, dairy products, eggs and vegetable oils, were sampled and analyzed for HBCD followed by per capita intake calculations. The ...
Steele Jaime L - - 2014
Excessive fluoride consumption during the first 2 years of life is associated with an increased risk of dental fluorosis. Estimates of fluoride intake from various sources may aid in determining a child's risk for developing fluorosis. This study sought to assess the fluoride content of commercially available foods for infants, ...
Lin Hsien-Chun HC Division of Chest Medicine, Department of Internal Medicine, Wan Fang Hospital, Taipei Medical University, Taipei, - - 2014
Under the directly observed treatment, short course (DOTS) program, antituberculosis (anti-TB) medications were possibly taken at random time, regardless of whether it was prior to or after meals. This study was to evaluate the impact of food intake on pharmacokinetic profiles of first-line TB drugs in Taiwanese TB patients, as ...
Ko Ahra A Food Safety Risk Assessment Division, National Institute of Food and Drug Safety Evaluation, Chungcheongbuk-do, - - 2014
Bisphenol A (BPA) is widely used in the production of polycarbonate plastics, epoxy resins, and food and beverage containers. In the present study, we aimed to investigate the relationship between urinary concentrations of BPA and waist circumference in Korean adults. A total of 1,030 Korean adults (mean age, 44.3 ± ...
Johansson Jana H JH Department of Applied Environmental Science (ITM), Stockholm University, 106 91 Stockholm, Sweden. Electronic address: - - 2014
The aim of this study was to determine how dietary exposure to PFAAs has changed over the period when major production changes occurred. Archived samples (1999-2010) of eggs, milk and farmed rainbow trout were analyzed by ultra performance liquid chromatography coupled to tandem mass spectrometry. Statistically significant decreasing trends were ...
Shumaker Robert - - 2014
Objective: To evaluate the effect of formulation and a high-fat meal on the pharmacokinetics of orally administered lenvatinib (E7080). Materials: Lenvatinib 10-mg capsule and tablet. Methods: Pharmacokinetics and safety of a single 10-mg lenvatinib dose were evaluated in healthy subjects in two randomized, two-period, crossover, phase 1, bioavailability trials. The ...
Wang Sai S Beijing Key Laboratory of Bioprocess, College of Life Science and Technology, Beijing University of Chemical Technology, Beijing 100029, PR - - 2014
Tetracycline (TC) is widely used for prevention and control of animal diseases for its broad spectrum antimicrobial activity and low cost, but its abuse can seriously affect human health and may result in trade loss. Thus there is an imperative need to develop high-performing analytical technique for TC detection. In ...
Buchwald Henry H Department of Surgery, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN. Electronic address: - - 2014
We do not have a unified, scientifically tested theory of causation for obesity and its co-morbidities, nor do we have explanations for the mechanics of the metabolic/bariatric surgery procedures. Integral to proffered hypotheses are the actions of the hormones glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1), peptide YY (PYY), and leptin. The objective of ...
Pardo Olga O Centre for Public Health Research (CSISP-FISABIO), 21, Avenida Catalunya, 46020 Valencia, Spain; Analytical Chemistry Department, Universit of Valencia, Edifici Jeroni Muñoz, Dr. Moliner 50, 46100 Burjassot, Spain. Electronic address: - - 2014
The study was carried out to estimate the dietary intake of polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs) in the Region of Valencia (Spain) in order to evaluate the resultant risk. The PBDE levels in fish and seafood (a total of 206 samples) were determined. Dietary intake was estimated using results of PBDE ...
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