Search Results
Results 501 - 550 of 2291
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Lloyd-Williams Ffion - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: To explore nutrition and food provision in pre-school nurseries in order to develop interventions to promote healthy eating in early years settings, especially across deprived communities. DESIGN: An ethnographic approach was used combining participant observation with semi-structured interviews. Research participants were selected purposively using convenience sampling. SETTING: Community pre-school ...
Heber David D Center for Human Nutrition, David Geffen School of Medicine at UCLA, Los Angeles, CA 90095, USA. - - 2011
There is increasing evidence that the same brain reward circuits involved in perpetuating drug abuse are involved in the hedonic urges and food cravings observed clinically in overweight and obese subjects. A polymorphism of the D2 dopamine receptor which renders it less sensitive to dopamine stimulation has been proposed to ...
Venier Marta - - 2011
A previous study from our laboratory showed that pet cats had much higher serum levels of flame retardants compared to humans, despite sharing the same household environment. Dogs, on the other hand, are expected to have lower serum levels of flame retardants because they are metabolically better equipped to degrade ...
Figueira Etelvina - - 2011
Commercial and recreational harvesting of shellfish within the coastal systems is usually very extensive. Since these ecosystems are frequently subjected to contamination, namely from agricultural, urban and industrial activities, and shellfish generally display a high capacity to bioaccumulate metals, populations may be at risk in terms of toxic metal exposure ...
Pombo-Rodrigues S - - 2011
The aim of the present work was to investigate the effects of eggs consumed for lunch on satiety, satiation and subsequent energy intake at the next meal. Thirty-one healthy male and female subjects participated in a randomized, three-way, crossover study. Following consumption of a standard breakfast, participants were asked to ...
Fiocchi Alessandro - - 2011
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: To identify and discuss studies on the molecular diagnosis of cow's milk allergy (CMA) with a view to update allergists since a general review of the methodology in 2006. RECENT FINDINGS: Seven basic research studies reporting the use of component-resolved diagnostics in CMA were found. All studies ...
Blanchet Rosanne - - 2011
We have previously shown that a missense mutation (p.P73T) located in the neuromedin-β gene, a satiety peptide, was associated with higher levels of disinhibition, susceptibility to hunger, and body weight gain over time. To compare caloric compensation, eating behaviour traits, food intake and adiposity between premenopausal women with (T73T) and ...
Zandian Modjtaba - - 2011
We determined whether women and men would alter their pattern of food intake after they had deprived themselves of food. We found that women consumed 12% less food after fasting and that men ate 28% more food after fasting. Serving more food on the test day did not increase food ...
Bevelander Kirsten E - - 2011
Ample experimental research has demonstrated the impact of peer influence on food intake in adolescents and adults. However, none of these studies focused on modeling effects on food purchases in supermarkets. This study investigated whether the food purchase behavior of a confederate peer would be adopted by the participant. Teenage ...
Miller Carla K - - 2012
Few studies have examined the effect of goal difficulty on behavioral change even though goal setting is widely used in diabetes education. The effect of a goal to consume either 6 or 8 servings/day of low glycemic index (LGI) foods was evaluated in this study. Adults 40-65 years old with ...
Staser Karl W - - 2011
Eating inadequate amounts of fruits and vegetables is associated with diminished health, and most Americans fall short of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's recommendation to eat at least 2 servings of fruit and 3 servings of vegetables each day. This study assessed behaviors associated with fruit and vegetable ...
Salisbury Adam C - - 2011
Although fast food is affordable and convenient, it is also high in calories, saturated fat, and sodium. The frequency of fast food intake at the time of and after acute myocardial infarction (AMI) is modifiable. However, patterns of fast food intake and characteristics associated with its consumption in patients with ...
Blechert Jens - - 2011
Objective To compare the electrocortical processing of food pictures in participants with anorexia nervosa (n = 21), bulimia nervosa (n = 22), and healthy controls (HCs) (n = 32) by measuring the early posterior negativity, an event-related potential that reflects stimulus salience and selective attention. Methods We exposed these three ...
Martin Corby K - - 2011
The study objective was to evaluate the effect of prescribing a low-carbohydrate diet (LCD) and a low-fat diet (LFD) on food cravings, food preferences, and appetite. Obese adults were randomly assigned to a LCD (n = 134) or a LFD (n = 136) for 2 years. Cravings for specific types ...
Jilcott Stephanie B - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: To examine associations between various measures of the food environment and BMI percentile among youth. DESIGN: Cross-sectional, observational. SETTING: Pitt County, eastern North Carolina. SUBJECTS: We extracted the electronic medical records for youth receiving well child check-ups from January 2007 to June 2008. We obtained addresses for food venues ...
Pérez-Jiménez Jara - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Epidemiologic studies have suggested an association between polyphenol intake and health. These studies have been limited to ≤40 flavonoid and lignan aglycones. OBJECTIVE: We estimated intakes of all known individual polyphenols in the French cohort SUpplémentation en VItamines et Minéraux AntioXydants (SU.VI.MAX) by using the recently developed database Phenol-Explorer, ...
Marchioni Dirce M - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: To identify food acquisition patterns in Brazil and relate them to the sociodemographic characteristics of the household. DESIGN: A cross-sectional national Household Budget Survey (HBS). Principal component factor analysis was used to derive food patterns (factors) on the basis of the acquisition of food classified into thirty-two food groups. ...
Wadikar D D - - 2011
Appetizers based on different spices/herbs are highly acceptable but evaluation of their functionality needs more attention. The present study, investigated the effects of appetizers on food consumption, weight gain, and leptin levels in male Wistar rats. Three appetizers, namely ginger beverage, ajowan beverage, and karpurvalli beverage were administered to groups ...
Midthune Douglas - - 2011
To develop a method to validate an FFQ for reported intake of episodically consumed foods when the reference instrument measures short-term intake, and to apply the method in a large prospective cohort. The FFQ was evaluated in a sub-study of cohort participants who, in addition to the questionnaire, were asked ...
Barnsteiner Andreas - - 2011
Approaches for the capillary gas chromatographic (GC) based analysis of intact plant stanyl esters in enriched foods were developed. Reference compounds were synthesized by enzyme-catalyzed transesterifications. Their identities were confirmed by means of mass spectrometry. Using a medium polar trifluoropropylmethyl polysiloxane stationary phase, long-chain plant stanyl esters could be separated ...
Sheehy Tony - - 2011
Over the course of the last 50 years the Republic of Ireland has gone from being one of the poorest countries in Europe to one of the richest; however, it is now experiencing increasing rates of obesity and non-communicable chronic disease. Although several national nutrition surveys have been carried out ...
Zhou Ying - - 2011
Abstract Background: Soy foods have been substituted for meat in recent years because of proposed health benefits. Research indicates, however, that soy protein and phytate in soy products inhibit the absorption of divalent cations. Methods: Our study was primarily designed to determine the effect of consuming two to three servings ...
Zamora-Ros Raul R Unit of Nutrition, Environment and Cancer, Cancer Epidemiology Research Programme, Catalan Institute of Oncology, IDIBELL, Barcelona, Spain. - - 2011
Anthocyanidins are bioactive flavonoids with potential health-promoting effects. These may vary among single anthocyanidins considering differences in their bioavailability and some of the mechanisms involved. The aim of the present study was to estimate the dietary intake of anthocyanidins, their food sources and the lifestyle factors (sex, age, BMI, smoking ...
Slusser Wendelin - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: The present study was undertaken to learn more about parents' (i) knowledge regarding healthy foods, factors associated with food purchasing and preparation, and current nutrition education resources, (ii) barriers to and promoters for establishing healthy eating habits for children and families, and (iii) interest in participating in nutrition interventions. ...
Kobayashi Satomi - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: To compare the relative validity of food group intakes derived from a comprehensive self-administered diet history questionnaire (DHQ) and a brief-type DHQ (BDHQ) developed for the assessment of Japanese diets during the previous month using semi-weighed dietary records (DR) as a reference method. DESIGN: Between November 2002 and September ...
Camarena Dena M - - 2011
Over the last decade, a strong upsurge in Spanish immigration has fostered a thriving ethnic food market. To examine indigenous consumer predilections toward ethnic foods, a carefully designed choice experiment is employed, with particular focus on ethnocentricity and food neo-phobia traits on potential purchase decisions. Employing a two level nested ...
Latif Hira - - 2011
Background: This study evaluates the relationship of goal setting to low-fat vegetable (LV) and fruit/100% juice (FJ) consumption and physical activity (PA) change. Methods: A total of 473 10- to 14-year-old Boy Scouts from Houston took part in a 9-week intervention. A two-group (LV and FJ or PA) intervention design ...
Carter Kristie N - - 2011
Food security (access to safe, nutritious, affordable food) is intrinsically linked to feelings of stress or distress and it is strongly associated with socioeconomic factors. However, the impact of food insecurity on mental health, independent of confounding socioeconomic factors, is not clear. We investigated the association of food insecurity with ...
Horton R A - - 2011
The number and proportion of CTX-M positive Escherichia coli organisms were determined in feces from cattle, chickens, and pigs in the United Kingdom to provide a better understanding of the risk of the dissemination of extended-spectrum β-lactamase (ESBL) bacteria to humans from food animal sources. Samples of bovine (n = ...
Criscuolo François - - 2011
Conditions experienced in early life have been shown to affect the development or programming of physiological processes. While animals may recover from earlier periods of adversity, this process can carry long-term costs. Such long-term effects are likely to be most evident when individuals are placed in demanding situations that require ...
Appelhans Bradley M BM Department of Preventive Medicine, Rush University Medical Center, Chicago, Illinois, USA. - - 2011
Overeating is believed to result when the appetitive motivation to consume palatable food exceeds an individual's capacity for inhibitory control of eating. This hypothesis was supported in recent studies involving predominantly normal weight women, but has not been tested in obese populations. The current study tested the interaction between food ...
Januszewska Renata - - 2011
This study focuses on the implementation of the food choice questionnaire (FCQ) across four countries. The first objective is to examine the degree to which the factor structure of the FCQ is invariant across different populations. The second objective is to analyse the motives for food choice in different countries. ...
Hu Ying - - 2011
Selenium (Se), an essential trace element, has also been identified as an anticarcinogenic agent, with supporting evidence from epidemiological studies, clinical intervention trials, preclinical intervention studies (animal cancer models) and cell culture studies. Natural organic and inorganic sources of Se as well as synthetic organoselenium compounds have been shown to ...
Klöting N - - 2011
AIMS/HYPOTHESIS: Vaspin (visceral adipose tissue-derived serpin) was first identified as an adipokine in a rat model of type 2 diabetes, in which it is predominantly secreted from visceral adipose tissue. Serum concentrations of vaspin show a food intake-related diurnal variation. We therefore tested the hypothesis that vaspin plays a role ...
Brindal Emily - - 2011
The time-extension hypothesis has been proposed to describe why social facilitation (the tendency for presence of co-eaters to increase the amount eaten) occurs amongst groups of diners. However, it is possible that time-extension could increase the amount eaten in the absence of social effects. Therefore, the aim of this study ...
Desalegn Biruck - - 2011
Recently, the Stockholm Convention prohibited the use of toxaphene and has been reviewing endosulfan. The historical use of these pesticides may contaminate food and tend to accumulate in the food chain. In this study, to evaluate the spatial and temporal trends of food contamination, the endosulfan and toxaphene levels were ...
Nicolaou Nicolaos - - 2011
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: To review and discuss recent studies on molecular diagnosis of peanut and other legume allergy. RECENT FINDINGS: Studies from the UK and France suggest that quantification of Ara h 2-specific IgE may accurately discriminate peanut allergy from tolerance. However, the pattern of allergenic component recognition in peanut-sensitized ...
Jilcott Stephanie B - - 2011
Fruit and vegetable consumption is an important component of a healthful diet, yet fruits and vegetables are underconsumed, especially among low-income groups with high prevalence rates of obesity. This study used data from the US Department of Agriculture Economic Research Service Food Environment Atlas to examine county-level associations among obesity ...
Capello S - - 2011
The aquatic grasshopper Cornops aquaticum (Bruner) is native to South America and inhabits lowlands from southern Mexico to Central Argentina and Uruguay. This grasshopper is host-specific to aquatic plants of the genera Eichhornia and Pontederia. The objectives of this study were to analyze the feeding patterns of the aquatic grasshopper ...
Konjevic Dean - - 2011
Mandibular osteomyelitis in free-ranging cervids is a rare, but eventually fatal, disease. We examined 41,895 defleshed mandibles of roe deer collected throughout Slovenia in 2007. Mandibles from 14,679 fawns had no signs of osteomyelitis, and were excluded from further analysis. Of the remaining 27,216 specimens, chronic osteomyelitis ("lumpy jaw") was ...
Perez-Mendoza Joel - - 2011
Effects of rearing density, adult density and sex ratio in the flight chamber, adult age, sex, presence or absence of food, and duration of food deprivation on rate of and time to flight initiation of the red flour beetle, Tribolium castaneum (Herbst) (Coleoptera: Tenebrionidae), were studied in the laboratory. Rates ...
Feinberg M - - 2011
According to the European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) guidance related to uncertainties in dietary exposure assessment, exposure assessment based on short-term food-consumption surveys, such as 24-h recalls or 2-day records, tend to overestimate long-term exposure because of the assumption that the dietary pattern will be similar day after day over ...
Cunningham Annette E - - 2011
Clean food contact surfaces are important in reducing the likelihood of foodborne disease transmission. The goal of this study was to assess and compare baseline cleanliness of food contact and environmental surfaces in retail food establishments by using ATP bioluminescence (ATP-B), visual assessment, and surface contact plates. Four hundred eighty-nine ...
Ogiso Kazuma - - 2011
Functional dyspepsia (FD) is a functional gastrointestinal disorder (FGID). Several pathophysiological mechanisms have been indicated as possible etiological factors, such as delayed gastric emptying, impaired proximal gastric accommodation and visceral hypersensitivity. Ghrelin is an important gut hormone. It is a motilin-related peptide that was discovered in the stomach, and it ...
Tsai A C - - 2011
To determine the impact of dental prosthetic condition on food consumption, risk of malnutrition and follow-up 4-year mortality risk in elderly Taiwanese. Analyzing the data sets of the 1999 and 2003 "Survey of Health and Living Status of the Elderly in Taiwan", a longitudinal cohort study. A national probability sample ...
Mouratidou Theodora - - 2011
The aim of this study was to examine the reproducibility and validity of a semi-quantitative food frequency questionnaire (FFQ) for assessing dietary intakes of low-income, Caucasian, English-speaking, postpartum women living in Sheffield, United Kingdom. Data was obtained from a cross-sectional sample of the 'Healthy Start' study; a population-based survey of ...
Braakhuis Andrea J - - 2011
A quantitative food-frequency questionnaire (FFQ) was developed to determine antioxidant intake in athletes. The questionnaire will be valuable for researchers wishing to standardize antioxidant intake or simply document habitual intake during an intervention trial. One hundred thirteen athletes participated in the validity study, of whom 96 completed the questionnaire and ...
Chan R - - 2011
To examine the effects of food groups and dietary nutrients on bone loss in elderly Chinese population. Prospective cohort study. A longitudinal study started at 2001 in Hong Kong. 1225 Chinese men and 992 women aged 65 years and over in the community. Daily intake of food groups and dietary ...
Lanfer A - - 2011
Objective:To investigate the reproducibility of food consumption frequencies derived from the food frequency section of the Children's Eating Habits Questionnaire (CEHQ-FFQ) that was developed and used in the IDEFICS (Identification and prevention of dietary- and lifestyle-induced health effects in children and infants) project to assess food habits in 2- to ...
Eigenmann Philippe A - - 2011
Food-related symptoms are frequent in childhood, and pediatricians are often requested to initiate a food allergy diagnostic workup. A careful history is the cornerstone for assessing whether tests are needed and which diagnostic procedures are most appropriate. Skin prick tests should be performed only according to standard procedures by a ...
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