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Lu Yang - - 2014
A sensitive and stable surface plasmon resonance (SPR) immunosensor based on the inhibition format was developed and validated for detecting melamine (MEL) in milk products and pet foods. The sensitivity and the limit of detection (LOD) of the proposed method for MEL were 2.32×10-2 µg/mL and 1.4×10-3 µg/mL respectively. The ...
Keller Heather H Schelgel-University of Waterloo Research Institute for Aging, University of Waterloo, Waterloo, Ontario, Canada. Electronic address: - - 2014
Poor food and fluid intake and malnutrition are endemic among older adults in long-term care (LTC), yet feasible and sustainable interventions that target key determinants and improve person-centered outcomes remain elusive. Without a comprehensive study addressing a range of determinants to identify those that are of greatest importance for targeting ...
Mackison D D Centre for Public Health Nutrition Research, University of Dundee, Dundee, - - 2014
It is recognised that the worksite catering sector is likely to play a pivotal role in influencing dietary intake in adults of working age. The present study aimed to assess the feasibility of engaging worksites in a healthy eating intervention, implementing a price incentivised main meal intervention and measuring indicative ...
Hidalgo Francisco J - - 2014
The carbonyl scavenging ability of 2-amino-1-methylbenzimidazole (AMBI) and the heterocyclic aromatic amine 2-amino-1-methyl-6-phenylimidazo[4,5-b]pyridine (PhIP) was investigated in an attempt to find out new routes that can modify carbonyl content in foods. The reaction of both AMBI and PhIP with 2-alkenals, 2,4-alkadienals, 4-oxo-2-alkenals, 4,5-epoxy-2-alkenals, and 4-hydroxy-2-nonenal produced fluorescent adducts, whose structure ...
Pingali Prabhu L PL Charles H. Dyson School of Applied Economics and Management, Cornell University, Ithaca, New - - 2014
Since the 2008 food price crisis, food and nutrition security are back on the global development agenda, with particular emphasis on agricultural pathways toward improved nutrition. Parallel efforts are being promoted to improve the data and metrics for monitoring progress toward positive nutritional outcomes, especially for women and children. Despite ...
Cafiero Carlo C Statistics Division, United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization, Rome, - - 2014
This paper reviews some of the existing food security indicators, discussing the validity of the underlying concept and the expected reliability of measures under reasonably feasible conditions. The main objective of the paper is to raise awareness on existing trade-offs between different qualities of possible food security measurement tools that ...
Appleton Katherine M KM School of Psychology, Queen's University, Belfast, Belfast, UK; Department of Psychology, Bournemouth University, Dorset, UK. Electronic address: - - 2014
While investigations using covert food manipulations tend to suggest that individuals are poor at adjusting for previous energy intake, in the real world adults rarely consume foods with which they are ill-informed. This study investigated the impact in fully complicit consumers of consuming commercially available dark chocolate, milk chocolate, sweet ...
Bucher Tamara T ETH Zürich,Institute of Food,Nutrition and Health (IFNH),Universitätstrasse 16,8092 - - 2014
To date, no data exist on the agreement of food choice measured using an online tool with subsequent actual consumption. This needs to be shown before food choice, measured by means of an online tool, is used as a dependent variable to examine intake in the general population. A 'web-buffet' ...
Xu Xiaoyue X Priority Research Centre for Gender, Health and Ageing, School of Medicine and Public Health, Hunter Medical Research Institute, University of Newcastle,W-4 HMRI Building, Lot 1 Kookaburra Circuit,New Lambton - - 2014
Little is known about the macronutrient intake status of older Chinese people. The present study evaluated the macronutrient intake status of older Chinese people (aged ≥ 60 years), investigated whether they had intake levels that met the Dietary Reference Intakes (DRI), and explored the associations between macronutrient intakes and age groups, ...
Boquin Mandy M Univ. of Illinois, 905 S. Goodwin Ave, Urbana, IL 61801, U.S.A. Dept. of Food Science and Human Nutrition, Univ. of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign, IL 61801, U.S.A, Nestlé/Gerber Nutrition, Fremont, MI, - - 2014
Picky eating has been investigated through numerous surveys and food recalls, but few studies have applied in-home meal evaluations as a method to investigate behaviors and food preferences of children perceived by their parent to be a picky eater (PE) or nonpicky eater (NPE). A 2-wk in-home meal study was ...
- - 2014
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Palar Kartika K Division of HIV/AIDS, San Francisco General Hospital, University of California San Francisco (UCSF), 995 Potrero Avenue, Building 80, Ward 84, Campus Box 0874, San Francisco, CA, 94110, USA, - - 2014
Depression and food insecurity are prevalent among people with HIV (PLHIV) and contribute to poor HIV outcomes. Longitudinal data can help clarify the effect of food insecurity on depression among PLHIV in the United States. We assessed the longitudinal association of food insecurity with symptoms of depression using validated measures ...
Patero Tatiane T Department of Agri-food Industry, Food and Nutrition (LAN), Luiz de Queiroz College of Agriculture (ESALQ), University of São Paulo (USP), Piracicaba, SP, - - 2014
The water activity (Aw) reduction technique is widely used to preserve different food products, which are further rehydrated in order to be processed or consumed. The food hydration is time-consuming and, thus, a limiting unit operation during process. Therefore, there is an ongoing need to enhance the mass transfer phenomena ...
Pretty Jules J University of Essex, Wivenhoe Park, Colchester CO4 3SQ, UK - - 2014
Agricultural systems are amended ecosystems with a variety of properties. Modern agroecosystems have tended towards high through-flow systems, with energy supplied by fossil fuels directed out of the system (either deliberately for harvests or accidentally through side effects). In the coming decades, resource constraints over water, soil, biodiversity and land ...
Thompson Claire C Department of Social & Environmental Health Research, Faculty of Public Health & Policy, London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine, 15-17 Tavistock Place, London WC9H 1SH, United Kingdom. Electronic address: - - 2014
Picky eaters are defined as those who consume an inadequate variety of food through rejection of a substantial amount of food stuffs that are both familiar and unfamiliar. Picky eating is a relatively recent theoretical concept and while there is increasing concern within public health over the lack of diversity ...
Parizeau Kate K Department of Geography, University of Guelph, Guelph, ON, Canada. Electronic address: - - 2014
It has been estimated that Canadians waste $27 billion of food annually, and that half of that waste occurs at the household level (Gooch et al., 2010). There are social, environmental, and economic implications for this scale of food waste, and source separation of organic waste is an increasingly common ...
Newnham David - - 2014
One Sunday morning, many years ago, a neighbour knocked on my door with great excitement. 'Shaggy parasols,' he announced. At least I was fairly sure that was what he said.
Hebert Karen R KR Department of Psychological Sciences, University of Missouri-Columbia, Columbia, Missouri, USA; Department of Occupational Therapy, University of Missouri-Columbia, Columbia, Missouri, - - 2014
One of the goals of neuroscience research on the reward system is to fractionate its functions into meaningful subcomponents. To this end, the present study examined emotional modulation of the eyeblink and postauricular components of startle in 60 young adults during anticipation and viewing of food images. Appetitive and disgusting ...
Liu Xiaofei X College of Light Industry and Food Sciences, South China University of Technology, 381 Wushan Road, Guangzhou, 510640, - - 2014
Aptamers are short and functional single-stranded oligonucleotide sequences selected from systematic evolution of ligands by exponential enrichment (SELEX) process, which have the capacity to recognize various classes of target molecules with high affinity and specificity. Various analytical aptamers acquired by SELEX are widely used in many research fields, such as ...
Kojima Ryo R Department of Chemistry and Life Science, Nihon University College of Bioresource Sciences, 1866 Kameino, Fujisawa, Kanagawa 252-0880, - - 2014
Penicillium purpurogenum attracts attention in the food industry and biomass degradation. We expressed green fluorescent protein (GFP) with pBPE, a novel vector, and constructed a transformation system for P. purpurogenum. The accumulation of GFP was confirmed by fluorescence microscopy. In future, this system may prove useful for the genetic modification of ...
Fattore Giovanni G Centre for Research on Health and Social Care Management (CERGAS), Department of Policy Analysis and Public Management, Bocconi University, Milan, - - 2014
Various national and local policies encouraging healthy eating have recently been proposed. The present review aims to summarize and critically assess nutrition-economic evaluation studies of direct (e.g., diet counseling) and indirect (e.g., food labeling) interventions aimed at improving dietary habits. A systematic literature review was performed by searching 5 databases ...
Volicer Ladislav L School of Aging Studies, University of South Florida, Tampa, FL, USA - - 2014
Some individuals fear living with advanced dementia and may even commit suicide if they receive dementia diagnosis. Living with advanced dementia could be prevented if a person who cannot feed himself or herself would not be fed by others. The purpose of the study was to find out how acceptable ...
He Shixuan S Key Laboratory of Multi-scale Manufacturing Technology, Chongqing Institute of Green and Intelligent Technology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Chongqing 400714, PR - - 2014
A novel strategy which combines iteratively cubic spline fitting baseline correction method with discriminant partial least squares qualitative analysis is employed to analyze the surface enhanced Raman scattering (SERS) spectroscopy of banned food additives, such as Sudan I dye and Rhodamine B in food, Malachite green residues in aquaculture fish. ...
Stewart Derek D Environmental and Biochemical Sciences, The James Hutton Institute,Dundee DD2 5DA, - - 2014
Global interest in food policy is emerging in parallel with mounting challenges to the food supply and the rising prevalence of diet-related chronic health conditions. Some of the foundational elements of food policies are agricultural practices, finite resources, as well as economic burdens associated with a growing and ageing population. ...
Mupunga I I Department of Life and Consumer Sciences, University of South Africa, Private Bag X6, Florida 1710, South Africa; Diagnofirm Medical Laboratories, Private Bag 283, Gaborone, - - 2014
Mycotoxins are toxic secondary metabolites produced by filamentous fungi that may contaminate food and pose a health risk, especially in developing countries, where there is a lack of food security and quality is subsumed by food insufficiency. Aflatoxins are the most toxic known mycotoxins and are a significant risk factor ...
Mouhib Halima H Institute of Physical Chemistry, RWTH Aachen University, Landoltweg 2, D-52056 Aachen. - - 2014
Sulfur-containing odorants and flavors play an important role in flavor and food industry, especially when meaty, garlic, onion, and vegetable scents are needed. Still, many S-containing flavors also possess fruity scents and may be used in compositions of perfumes that require a fresh and fruity odor perception. They are naturally ...
Eugster Albert A Cantonal Office of Consumer Protection, Aargau, Aarau, Switzerland. - - 2014
In routine analysis screening methods based on real-time PCR (polymerase chain reaction) are most commonly used for the detection of genetically modified (GM) plant material in food and feed. Screening tests are based on sequences frequently used for GM development, allowing the detection of a large number of GMOs (genetically ...
Yang Hye-Ran HR a Seoul Government Research Institute of Public Health and Environment , Gwacheon , Gyunggi-province , - - 2014
In this study total (T-Hg) and methyl mercury (Me-Hg) contamination was investigated in fishery products including canned fish, fish sauces, dried bonito and frozen tuna sashimi, collected from retail markets in Korea and to assess dietary exposure. Direct mercury analyzer and GC-ECD were employed to measure T-Hg and Me-Hg, respectively. ...
Wu Jine J Hubei Collaborative Innovation Center for Processing of Agricultural Products, Wuhan Polytechnic University, Wuhan 430023, China; Department of Food Science and Technology, The University of Tennessee, Knoxville, TN 37996, - - 2015
Anthocyanins are food colourants with strong antioxidant activities, but poor thermal stability limits their application in neutral foods. In the present study, impacts of yeast mannoproteins on the thermal stability of anthocyanins were studied at pH 7.0. The degradation of anthocyanins at 80 and 126°C followed first order kinetics, and ...
Kobayashi Jun J Faculty of Environmental and Symbiotic Sciences, Prefectural University of Kumamoto, 3-1-100 Tsukide, Kumamoto 862-8502, Japan. Electronic address: - - 2014
To evaluate trophic biomagnification of polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) and polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs) in an estuary of the Ariake Sea, Japan, we measured concentrations of 209 PCB congeners and 28 PBDE congeners, and nitrogen stable isotope (δ(15)N) levels in living aquatic organisms. The trophic magnification factor (TMF) for ΣPCBs (all ...
Jennings Hannah Maria HM Research Cluster Biodiversity and Medicine/Centre for Pharmacognosy and Phytotherapy, UCL School of Pharmacy, University of London, 29-39 Brunswick Square, London, WC1N 1AX, United - - 2014
Bangladesh has a rich traditional plant-medicine use, drawing on Ayurveda and Unami medicine. How these practices translate into peopleÎ│s homes and lives vary. Furthermore, the overlap between food and medicine is blurred and context-specific. This paper explores the food-medicine interface as experienced by Bengali women in their homes, in the ...
Hopper Lydia M LM Lester E Fisher Center for the Study and Conservation of Apes, Lincoln Park Zoo, Chicago, Illinois; School of Psychology, University of Birmingham, Birmingham, United - - 2014
Chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes) use tools to probe for out-of-reach food, both in the wild and in captivity. Beyond gathering appropriately-sized materials to create tools, chimpanzees also perform secondary modifications in order to create an optimized tool. In this study, we recorded the behavior of a group of zoo-housed chimpanzees when ...
Doolan Katy J KJ Northern Ireland Centre for Food and Health, University of Ulster, Cromore Road, Coleraine, Co. Londonderry, BT52 1SA, - - 2014
Based on the theory of incentive sensitization, the aim of this study was to investigate differences in attentional processing of food-related visual cues between normal weight and overweight/obese males and females. Twenty-six normal weight (14M, 12F) and 26 overweight/obese (14M, 12F) adults completed a visual probe task and an eye-tracking ...
Palmer Michelle M Queensland Health, Logan Hospital, Meadowbrook, QLD, 4131, Australia. Electronic address: - - 2014
Dietary intake tools that require ongoing training may not be valid and useful in a busy acute care setting. We compared nutrient intakes of inpatients using weighed food records (WFR) with food charts completed by nursing staff who hadn't received recent intake tool training. The weight of individual foods remaining ...
Freijy Tanya T School of Psychology, University of Sydney, NSW, 2006 - - 2014
The primary aim of this study was to extend previous research on food-related attentional biases by examining biases toward pictorial vs. word stimuli, and foods of high vs. low calorific value. It was expected that participants would demonstrate greater biases to pictures over words, and to high-calorie over low-calorie foods. ...
Beeren Sophie R SR Carlsberg Laboratory, Gamle Carlsberg Vej 10, 1799 Copenhagen V, Denmark. Electronic address: - - 2015
β-Glucans from cereals are β(1-3)(1-4)-mixed linkage linear homopolysaccharides of d-glucopyranosyl residues, recently recognised as functional components of foods with benefits in maintaining the health of the digestive tract not least through a prebiotic effect. Here we describe the development of methodology to facilitate the study of β-glucans as prebiotics. Relatively ...
Saarela Riitta K T RK Department of Social Services and Health Care, Oral Health Care, Helsinki, Finland; Unit of Primary Health Care, Helsinki University Central Hospital and University of Helsinki, Department of General Practice, Helsinki, - - 2014
We examined the relationships between dentition, nutritional status and dietary intakes of energy, protein and micronutrients among older people in assisted living facilities in Helsinki. Poor dentition is associated with malnutrition. Less is known about how dentition is associated with detailed nutrient intakes in institutionalised older people. This cross-sectional study ...
Anto Alfy A a CFTRI, FE , Mysore , 570 020 , - - 2014
Abstract Although the use of superheated steam has been known for quite a long time, only in recent past it has emerged as a viable technology for food processing. Superheated steam having higher enthalpy can quickly transfer heat to the material being processed, resulting in its rapid heating. The major ...
Abraham J L JL Department of Pathology, SUNY Upstate Medical University, Syracuse, New York, - - 2014
Recently, a report raised the possibility of shrapnel-induced chronic beryllium disease from long-term exposure to the surface of retained aluminum shrapnel fragments in the body. Since the shrapnel fragments contained trace beryllium, methodological developments were needed for beryllium quantification and to study its spatial distribution in relation to other matrix ...
Wang Sai S Beijing Key Laboratory of Bioprocess, College of Life Science and Technology, Beijing University of Chemical Technology, Beijing 100029, P.R. - - 2015
Tetracycline (TC) is a common antibacterial agent used for prevention and control of animal diseases. The increasing concern about TC residue in food demands high-performing analytical techniques for food quality assessment. Biosensors represent a promising tool for food safety analysis as they can fulfill some demand that the conventional methods ...
Sakamoto Seiichi S Department of Pharmacognosy, Graduate School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Kyushu University, 3-1-1 Maidashi, Higashi-ku, Fukuoka 812-8582, - - 2015
Soy isoflavones are known as major bioactive compounds in soybean (Glycine max), which is an indispensable food. Despite their utility, the consumption of isoflavones has recently been limited because they exhibit oestrogenic and topoisomerase II inhibitory effects. To assess their intake limitation, accurate, sensitive, and effective quantitative analyses are necessary. ...
Huang Chusen C The Education Ministry Key Laboratory of Resource Chemistry and Shanghai Key Laboratory of Rare Earth Functional Materials, Department of Chemistry, College of Life and Environmental Sciences, Shanghai Normal University, 100 Guilin Road, Shanghai 200234, China. Electronic address: - - 2014
Periodate is widely used in organic and bioorganic chemistry, and also related to food and environmental safety. To best of our knowledge, there is no efficient tools reported for simultaneously quantifying periodate with high accuracy and discriminating periodate from other forms of iodine. We have synthesized, characterized and applied a ...
Durán Gema M GM Department of Analytical Chemistry and Food Technology, University of Castilla-La Mancha, Ciudad Real, Spain; IRICA (Regional Institute of Applied Scientific Research). Avenida Camilo José Cela, s/n. 13071 Ciudad Real, - - 2015
An optical sensor for vanillin in food samples using CdSe/ZnS quantum dots (QDs) modified with β-cyclodextrin (β-CD) was developed. This vanillin-sensor is based on the selective host-guest interaction between vanillin and β-cyclodextrin. The procedure for the synthesis of β-cyclodextrin-CdSe/ZnS (β-CD-CdSe/ZnS-QDs) complex was optimized, and its fluorescent characteristics are reported. It ...
Thyssen Patricia Jacqueline PJ Department of Microbiology and Biology, Federal University of Pelotas (UFPel), POB 354, Pelotas, Rio Grande do Sul, 96010-900, Brazil, - - 2014
Blowflies have major medical and sanitary importance because they can be vectors of viruses, bacteria, and helminths and are also causative agents of myiasis. Also, these flies, especially those belonging to the genus Chrysomya, are among the first insects to arrive at carcasses and are therefore valuable in providing data ...
Bräutigam Klaus-Rainer KR Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT), Institute for Technology Assessment and Systems Analysis (ITAS), Karlsruhe, Germany - - 2014
The reduction of food waste is seen as an important societal issue with considerable ethical, ecological and economic implications. The European Commission aims at cutting down food waste to one-half by 2020. However, implementing effective prevention measures requires knowledge of the reasons and the scale of food waste generation along ...
Lopez-Antia Ana A Instituto de Investigación en Recursos Cinegéticos (IREC) CSIC-UCLM-JCCM, Ronda de Toledo s/n, 13071, Ciudad Real, - - 2014
Pesticide coated seeds are known to be potentially toxic for birds, but the risk of poisoning will depend on how likely the individuals are to consume them. To refine the risk assessment of coated seed consumption by birds we studied the consumption and avoidance of seeds treated with imidacloprid, thiram, ...
Okada T T Department of Prosthodontics, Gerodontology and Oral Rehabilitation, Osaka University Graduate School of Dentistry, Osaka, - - 2014
This cross-sectional study aimed to investigate the association of periodontal status with occlusal force and food acceptability. We hypothesised that mastication deteriorated with reduced periodontal support, even when posterior occlusal contacts with natural teeth were maintained and the patients remained clinically asymptomatic. Participants were 482 independently living 69-71-year-olds, classified as ...
Tawakkal Intan S M A IS College of Engineering and Science, Victoria Univ, PO Box 14428, Melbourne, 8001, - - 2014
Poly(lactic acid) (PLA) can be synthesized from renewable bio-derived monomers and, as such, it is an alternative to conventional petroleum-based polymers. Since PLA is a relatively new polymer, much effort has been directed toward its development in order to make it an acceptable and effective option to the more traditional ...
Vogel Erin R ER Department of Anthropology and Center for Human Evolutionary Studies, Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey, 131 George Street, Ruth Adams Building Suite 306, New Brunswick, NJ 08901-1414, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
Bornean orangutan mandibular morphology has been functionally linked to the exploitation of hard and tough foods, based on evidence that Pongo pygmaeus wurmbii spends a greater percentage of time feeding on bark, seeds and vegetation compared with Pongo abelii (Sumatran orangutans) and the assumption that these tissues are more challenging ...
Jaiswal Pranita P Agricultural Structures and Environmental Control Division, Central Institute of Postharvest Engineering & Technology (CIPHET), Ludhiana 141004, - - 2015
Milk consumption is steadily increasing, especially in India and China, due to rising income. To bridge the gap between supply and demand, unscrupulous milk vendors add milk-like products from vegetable sources (soymilk) to milk without declaration. A rapid detection technique is required to enforce the safety norms of food regulatory ...
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