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Newnham David - - 2014
One Sunday morning, many years ago, a neighbour knocked on my door with great excitement. 'Shaggy parasols,' he announced. At least I was fairly sure that was what he said.
Hebert Karen R KR Department of Psychological Sciences, University of Missouri-Columbia, Columbia, Missouri, USA; Department of Occupational Therapy, University of Missouri-Columbia, Columbia, Missouri, - - 2014
One of the goals of neuroscience research on the reward system is to fractionate its functions into meaningful subcomponents. To this end, the present study examined emotional modulation of the eyeblink and postauricular components of startle in 60 young adults during anticipation and viewing of food images. Appetitive and disgusting ...
Liu Xiaofei X College of Light Industry and Food Sciences, South China University of Technology, 381 Wushan Road, Guangzhou, 510640, - - 2014
Aptamers are short and functional single-stranded oligonucleotide sequences selected from systematic evolution of ligands by exponential enrichment (SELEX) process, which have the capacity to recognize various classes of target molecules with high affinity and specificity. Various analytical aptamers acquired by SELEX are widely used in many research fields, such as ...
Fattore Giovanni G Centre for Research on Health and Social Care Management (CERGAS), Department of Policy Analysis and Public Management, Bocconi University, Milan, - - 2014
Various national and local policies encouraging healthy eating have recently been proposed. The present review aims to summarize and critically assess nutrition-economic evaluation studies of direct (e.g., diet counseling) and indirect (e.g., food labeling) interventions aimed at improving dietary habits. A systematic literature review was performed by searching 5 databases ...
Volicer Ladislav L School of Aging Studies, University of South Florida, Tampa, FL, USA - - 2014
Some individuals fear living with advanced dementia and may even commit suicide if they receive dementia diagnosis. Living with advanced dementia could be prevented if a person who cannot feed himself or herself would not be fed by others. The purpose of the study was to find out how acceptable ...
He Shixuan S Key Laboratory of Multi-scale Manufacturing Technology, Chongqing Institute of Green and Intelligent Technology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Chongqing 400714, PR - - 2014
A novel strategy which combines iteratively cubic spline fitting baseline correction method with discriminant partial least squares qualitative analysis is employed to analyze the surface enhanced Raman scattering (SERS) spectroscopy of banned food additives, such as Sudan I dye and Rhodamine B in food, Malachite green residues in aquaculture fish. ...
Stewart Derek D Environmental and Biochemical Sciences, The James Hutton Institute,Dundee DD2 5DA, - - 2014
Global interest in food policy is emerging in parallel with mounting challenges to the food supply and the rising prevalence of diet-related chronic health conditions. Some of the foundational elements of food policies are agricultural practices, finite resources, as well as economic burdens associated with a growing and ageing population. ...
Mupunga I I Department of Life and Consumer Sciences, University of South Africa, Private Bag X6, Florida 1710, South Africa; Diagnofirm Medical Laboratories, Private Bag 283, Gaborone, - - 2014
Mycotoxins are toxic secondary metabolites produced by filamentous fungi that may contaminate food and pose a health risk, especially in developing countries, where there is a lack of food security and quality is subsumed by food insufficiency. Aflatoxins are the most toxic known mycotoxins and are a significant risk factor ...
Mouhib Halima H Institute of Physical Chemistry, RWTH Aachen University, Landoltweg 2, D-52056 Aachen. - - 2014
Sulfur-containing odorants and flavors play an important role in flavor and food industry, especially when meaty, garlic, onion, and vegetable scents are needed. Still, many S-containing flavors also possess fruity scents and may be used in compositions of perfumes that require a fresh and fruity odor perception. They are naturally ...
Yang Hye-Ran HR a Seoul Government Research Institute of Public Health and Environment , Gwacheon , Gyunggi-province , - - 2014
In this study total (T-Hg) and methyl mercury (Me-Hg) contamination was investigated in fishery products including canned fish, fish sauces, dried bonito and frozen tuna sashimi, collected from retail markets in Korea and to assess dietary exposure. Direct mercury analyzer and GC-ECD were employed to measure T-Hg and Me-Hg, respectively. ...
Kobayashi Jun J Faculty of Environmental and Symbiotic Sciences, Prefectural University of Kumamoto, 3-1-100 Tsukide, Kumamoto 862-8502, Japan. Electronic address: - - 2014
To evaluate trophic biomagnification of polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) and polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs) in an estuary of the Ariake Sea, Japan, we measured concentrations of 209 PCB congeners and 28 PBDE congeners, and nitrogen stable isotope (δ(15)N) levels in living aquatic organisms. The trophic magnification factor (TMF) for ΣPCBs (all ...
Jennings Hannah Maria HM Research Cluster Biodiversity and Medicine/Centre for Pharmacognosy and Phytotherapy, UCL School of Pharmacy, University of London, 29-39 Brunswick Square, London, WC1N 1AX, United - - 2014
Bangladesh has a rich traditional plant-medicine use, drawing on Ayurveda and Unami medicine. How these practices translate into people׳s homes and lives vary. Furthermore, the overlap between food and medicine is blurred and context-specific. This paper explores the food-medicine interface as experienced by Bengali women in their homes, in the ...
Hopper Lydia M LM Lester E Fisher Center for the Study and Conservation of Apes, Lincoln Park Zoo, Chicago, Illinois; School of Psychology, University of Birmingham, Birmingham, United - - 2014
Chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes) use tools to probe for out-of-reach food, both in the wild and in captivity. Beyond gathering appropriately-sized materials to create tools, chimpanzees also perform secondary modifications in order to create an optimized tool. In this study, we recorded the behavior of a group of zoo-housed chimpanzees when ...
Doolan Katy J KJ Northern Ireland Centre for Food and Health, University of Ulster, Cromore Road, Coleraine, Co. Londonderry, BT52 1SA, - - 2014
Based on the theory of incentive sensitization, the aim of this study was to investigate differences in attentional processing of food-related visual cues between normal weight and overweight/obese males and females. Twenty-six normal weight (14M, 12F) and 26 overweight/obese (14M, 12F) adults completed a visual probe task and an eye-tracking ...
Palmer Michelle M Queensland Health, Logan Hospital, Meadowbrook, QLD, 4131, Australia. Electronic address: - - 2014
Dietary intake tools that require ongoing training may not be valid and useful in a busy acute care setting. We compared nutrient intakes of inpatients using weighed food records (WFR) with food charts completed by nursing staff who hadn't received recent intake tool training. The weight of individual foods remaining ...
Freijy Tanya T School of Psychology, University of Sydney, NSW, 2006 - - 2014
The primary aim of this study was to extend previous research on food-related attentional biases by examining biases toward pictorial vs. word stimuli, and foods of high vs. low calorific value. It was expected that participants would demonstrate greater biases to pictures over words, and to high-calorie over low-calorie foods. ...
Saarela Riitta K T RK Department of Social Services and Health Care, Oral Health Care, Helsinki, Finland; Unit of Primary Health Care, Helsinki University Central Hospital and University of Helsinki, Department of General Practice, Helsinki, - - 2014
We examined the relationships between dentition, nutritional status and dietary intakes of energy, protein and micronutrients among older people in assisted living facilities in Helsinki. Poor dentition is associated with malnutrition. Less is known about how dentition is associated with detailed nutrient intakes in institutionalised older people. This cross-sectional study ...
Anto Alfy A a CFTRI, FE , Mysore , 570 020 , - - 2014
Abstract Although the use of superheated steam has been known for quite a long time, only in recent past it has emerged as a viable technology for food processing. Superheated steam having higher enthalpy can quickly transfer heat to the material being processed, resulting in its rapid heating. The major ...
Abraham J L JL Department of Pathology, SUNY Upstate Medical University, Syracuse, New York, - - 2014
Recently, a report raised the possibility of shrapnel-induced chronic beryllium disease from long-term exposure to the surface of retained aluminum shrapnel fragments in the body. Since the shrapnel fragments contained trace beryllium, methodological developments were needed for beryllium quantification and to study its spatial distribution in relation to other matrix ...
Wang Sai S Beijing Key Laboratory of Bioprocess, College of Life Science and Technology, Beijing University of Chemical Technology, Beijing 100029, P.R. - - 2015
Tetracycline (TC) is a common antibacterial agent used for prevention and control of animal diseases. The increasing concern about TC residue in food demands high-performing analytical techniques for food quality assessment. Biosensors represent a promising tool for food safety analysis as they can fulfill some demand that the conventional methods ...
Sakamoto Seiichi S Department of Pharmacognosy, Graduate School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Kyushu University, 3-1-1 Maidashi, Higashi-ku, Fukuoka 812-8582, - - 2015
Soy isoflavones are known as major bioactive compounds in soybean (Glycine max), which is an indispensable food. Despite their utility, the consumption of isoflavones has recently been limited because they exhibit oestrogenic and topoisomerase II inhibitory effects. To assess their intake limitation, accurate, sensitive, and effective quantitative analyses are necessary. ...
Huang Chusen C The Education Ministry Key Laboratory of Resource Chemistry and Shanghai Key Laboratory of Rare Earth Functional Materials, Department of Chemistry, College of Life and Environmental Sciences, Shanghai Normal University, 100 Guilin Road, Shanghai 200234, China. Electronic address: - - 2014
Periodate is widely used in organic and bioorganic chemistry, and also related to food and environmental safety. To best of our knowledge, there is no efficient tools reported for simultaneously quantifying periodate with high accuracy and discriminating periodate from other forms of iodine. We have synthesized, characterized and applied a ...
Durán Gema M GM Department of Analytical Chemistry and Food Technology, University of Castilla-La Mancha, Ciudad Real, Spain; IRICA (Regional Institute of Applied Scientific Research). Avenida Camilo José Cela, s/n. 13071 Ciudad Real, - - 2015
An optical sensor for vanillin in food samples using CdSe/ZnS quantum dots (QDs) modified with β-cyclodextrin (β-CD) was developed. This vanillin-sensor is based on the selective host-guest interaction between vanillin and β-cyclodextrin. The procedure for the synthesis of β-cyclodextrin-CdSe/ZnS (β-CD-CdSe/ZnS-QDs) complex was optimized, and its fluorescent characteristics are reported. It ...
Thyssen Patricia Jacqueline PJ Department of Microbiology and Biology, Federal University of Pelotas (UFPel), POB 354, Pelotas, Rio Grande do Sul, 96010-900, Brazil, - - 2014
Blowflies have major medical and sanitary importance because they can be vectors of viruses, bacteria, and helminths and are also causative agents of myiasis. Also, these flies, especially those belonging to the genus Chrysomya, are among the first insects to arrive at carcasses and are therefore valuable in providing data ...
Bräutigam Klaus-Rainer KR Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT), Institute for Technology Assessment and Systems Analysis (ITAS), Karlsruhe, Germany - - 2014
The reduction of food waste is seen as an important societal issue with considerable ethical, ecological and economic implications. The European Commission aims at cutting down food waste to one-half by 2020. However, implementing effective prevention measures requires knowledge of the reasons and the scale of food waste generation along ...
Lopez-Antia Ana A Instituto de Investigación en Recursos Cinegéticos (IREC) CSIC-UCLM-JCCM, Ronda de Toledo s/n, 13071, Ciudad Real, - - 2014
Pesticide coated seeds are known to be potentially toxic for birds, but the risk of poisoning will depend on how likely the individuals are to consume them. To refine the risk assessment of coated seed consumption by birds we studied the consumption and avoidance of seeds treated with imidacloprid, thiram, ...
Okada T T Department of Prosthodontics, Gerodontology and Oral Rehabilitation, Osaka University Graduate School of Dentistry, Osaka, - - 2014
This cross-sectional study aimed to investigate the association of periodontal status with occlusal force and food acceptability. We hypothesised that mastication deteriorated with reduced periodontal support, even when posterior occlusal contacts with natural teeth were maintained and the patients remained clinically asymptomatic. Participants were 482 independently living 69-71-year-olds, classified as ...
Tawakkal Intan S M A IS College of Engineering and Science, Victoria Univ, PO Box 14428, Melbourne, 8001, - - 2014
Poly(lactic acid) (PLA) can be synthesized from renewable bio-derived monomers and, as such, it is an alternative to conventional petroleum-based polymers. Since PLA is a relatively new polymer, much effort has been directed toward its development in order to make it an acceptable and effective option to the more traditional ...
Vogel Erin R ER Department of Anthropology and Center for Human Evolutionary Studies, Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey, 131 George Street, Ruth Adams Building Suite 306, New Brunswick, NJ 08901-1414, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
Bornean orangutan mandibular morphology has been functionally linked to the exploitation of hard and tough foods, based on evidence that Pongo pygmaeus wurmbii spends a greater percentage of time feeding on bark, seeds and vegetation compared with Pongo abelii (Sumatran orangutans) and the assumption that these tissues are more challenging ...
Jaiswal Pranita P Agricultural Structures and Environmental Control Division, Central Institute of Postharvest Engineering & Technology (CIPHET), Ludhiana 141004, - - 2015
Milk consumption is steadily increasing, especially in India and China, due to rising income. To bridge the gap between supply and demand, unscrupulous milk vendors add milk-like products from vegetable sources (soymilk) to milk without declaration. A rapid detection technique is required to enforce the safety norms of food regulatory ...
Falandysz Jerzy J a University of Gdańsk , Gdańsk , - - 2014
There is no doubt that chloronaphthalenes (PCNs) and their brominated counterparts (PBNs) are dioxin-like compounds, but there is less evidence for mixed bromo/chloronaphthalenes (PXNs). In this article we review information relating to the dioxin-like potency of PCNs and PBNs obtained in vivo, in vitro, and in silico. The aim was ...
Mann Evelyne E Institute of Milk Hygiene, Milk Technology and Food Science, Department of Veterinary Public Health and Food Science, University of Veterinary Medicine Vienna, Veterinaerplatz 1, 1210 Vienna, - - 2014
Traditionally, quantitative microbial risk assessment (QMRA) is based on culture-dependent technologies. However, molecular quantification could forge additional, detailed information. A prerequisite of quantitative real-time PCR in animal science is a tissue preparation method where large volumes of tissue material can be reduced and particularly target cells can be concentrated. An ...
Spaniolas Stelios - - 2014
Recently, DNA-based authentication methods were developed to serve as complementary approaches to analytical chemistry techniques. The single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP)-based reaction chemistries, when combined with the existing detection methods, could result in numerous analytical approaches, all with particular advantages and disadvantages. The dual aim of this study was (a) to ...
López-López Pascual - - 2014
Understanding space use of free-living endangered animals is key to informing management decisions for conservation planning. Like most scavengers, vultures have evolved under a context of unpredictability of food resources (i.e., exploiting scattered carcasses that are intermittently available). However, the role of predictable sources of food in shaping spatial ecology ...
Schradin Carsten C Université de Strasbourg, IPHC-DEPE, 23 rue Becquerel, 67087 Strasbourg, France; CNRS, UMR 7178, 67087 Strasbourg, France; School of Animal, Plant and Environmental Sciences, University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, South Africa. Electronic address: - - 2014
Leptin is a hormone informing the body about its fat stores, reducing appetite and foraging and as such reducing fattening of individuals. In laboratory rodents, leptin secretion is highly correlated to the amount of adipose tissue. We compared this to the alternative ecological leptin hypothesis, which based on the behavioural ...
Beiroa Daniel D Department of Physiology, CIMUS, University of Santiago de Compostela-Instituto de Investigación Sanitaria, Santiago de Compostela, SpainCIBER Fisiopatología de la Obesidad y Nutrición (CIBERobn), Santiago de Compostela, - - 2014
GLP-1 receptor (GLP-1R) is widely located throughout the brain, but the precise molecular mechanisms mediating the actions of GLP-1 and its long-acting analogs on adipose tissue as well as the brain areas responsible for these interactions remain largely unknown. We found that central injection of a clinically used GLP-1R agonist, ...
Jain Arun Kumar AK Institute of Pharmacy, Ernst-Moritz-Arndt-University of Greifswald, 17487 Greifswald, - - 2014
Four different hydrophilic matrix formulations based on hydroxypropyl methylcellulose (HPMC) were investigated for erosion properties in vivo. Three formulations contained a fixed amount of HPMC (40%) with varying proportions of two HPMC grades with different molecular weights (Methocel K100LV and K4M), and a fourth formulation contained a lower amount of ...
Ghanbarzadeh Babak B a Department of Food Science and Technology, Faculty of Agriculture , University of Tabriz , Tabriz , Iran , P. O. Box - - 2014
Abstract Most materials currently used for food packaging are non-degradable, generating environmental problems. Several biopolymers have been exploited to develop materials for eco-friendly food packaging. However, the use of biopolymers has been limited because of their usually poor mechanical and barrier properties, which may be improved by adding reinforcing compounds ...
Chua-Barcelo Racquel Tan RT School of Natural Sciences, Saint Louis University, Bonifacio St., Baguio City 2600, the - - 2014
To conduct a survey on the common name/s, traditional uses and cultural importance of the edible wild fruits in different municipalities of Benguet, Cordillera administrative region. Interviews using questionnaires with barangay leaders and indigenous people were conducted with 176 key informants from June 2011 to July 2013. A total of ...
Hanani Z A Nur ZA Department of Food Technology, Faculty of Food Science & Technology, University Putra Malaysia, 43400 UPM Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia. Electronic address: - - 2014
The manufacture and potential application of biodegradable films for food application has gained increased interest as alternatives to conventional food packaging polymers due to the sustainable nature associated with their availability, broad and abundant source range, compostability, environmentally-friendly image, compatibility with foodstuffs and food application etc. Gelatin is one such ...
Purcell Sarah S Dept. of Food Science, Univ. of Arkansas, 2650 North Young Ave, Fayetteville, AR, 72704, - - 2014
This study investigated the effects of enzyme modification on starch as an effective oil delivery system for bake-only chicken nuggets. Various native starches were hydrolyzed by amyloglucosidase to a hydrolysis degree of 20% to 25% and plated with 50% (w/w, starch dry basis) with canola oil to create a starch-oil ...
Petti Carloalberto - - 2014
Natural food colorants with functional properties are of increasing interest. Prior reports indicate the chemical suitability of sorghum leaf 3-deoxyanthocyanidins as natural food colorants. Via mutagenesis assisted breeding, we isolated and characterized a sorghum variety that greatly over-accumulates 3-deoxyanthocyanidins of leaf tissue, named REDforGREEN (RG). Interestingly, RG not only caused ...
Hermo M P MP Department of Analytical Chemistry, Food and Nutrition Torribera Campus, University of Barcelona, Avda. Prat de la Riba, 171, Sta. Coloma de Gramenet, E-08921 Barcelona, - - 2014
The performance of high resolution accurate mass spectrometry (HRMS) operating in full scan MS mode was investigated for the quantitative determination of amoxicillin (AMX) as well as qualitative analysis of metabolomic profiles in tissues of medicated chickens. The metabolomic approach was exploited to compile analytical information on changes in the ...
Grombe Ringo R European Commission, Joint Research Centre, Institute for Reference Materials and Measurements (IRMM), Retieseweg 111, 2440 Geel, - - 2014
The study was dedicated towards the detection of Engineered Nanoparticles (ENPs) by means of Optical Coherence Tomography (OCT). Polymeric films were produced to mimic complex food matrices whereas gold nanorods (AuNRs) were embedded to act as ENPs. The straightforward coating application resulted in a sufficient film wetting, adhesion and homogenous ...
Asero R R Ambulatorio di Allergologia, Clinica San Carlo, Paderno Dugnano, Italy. - - 2014
Sesame seed allergy, a potentially very severe food allergy, seems on the rise worldwide but is still uncommon in Italy. The aim of the present study was to investigate the allergenic profile of Italian sesame seed-allergic patients. Patients with genuine sesame seed allergy diagnosed over one year in a large ...
Yi Xianfeng X College of Life Sciences, Jiangxi Normal University, Nanchang, Jiangxi, China; College of Agriculture, Henan University of Science and Technology, Luoyang, Henan, - - 2014
Selecting seeds for long-term storage is a key factor for food hoarding animals. Siberian chipmunks (Tamias sibiricus) remove the pericarp and scatter hoard sound acorns of Quercus mongolica over those that are insect-infested to maximize returns from caches. We have no knowledge of whether these chipmunks remove the pericarp from ...
Colonese André Carlo AC BioArCh, Department of Archaeology, University of York, York, United - - 2014
Isotopic and molecular analysis on human, fauna and pottery remains can provide valuable new insights into the diets and subsistence practices of prehistoric populations. These are crucial to elucidate the resilience of social-ecological systems to cultural and environmental change. Bulk collagen carbon and nitrogen isotopic analysis of 82 human individuals ...
Kate Kiran K IBM Research Collaboratory, - - 2014
Food-borne illness is a growing public health concern in the world. Government bodies, which regulate and monitor the state of food safety, solicit citizen feedback about food hygiene practices followed by food establishments. They use traditional channels like call center, e-mail for such feedback collection. With the growing popularity of ...
McKeague Maureen M Department of Bioengineering, Stanford University, 443 Via Ortega, MC 4245, Stanford, CA 94305, USA. - - 2014
Nucleic acid aptamers are emerging as useful molecular recognition tools for food safety monitoring. However, practical and technical challenges limit the number and diversity of available aptamer probes that can be incorporated into novel sensing schemes. This work describes the selection of novel DNA aptamers that bind to the important ...
Lindroos E E Eeva Lindroos, M.Sc, Helsinki Metropolia, University of Applied Sciences, Finland, Mannerheimintie 172, FIN-00300 Helsinki, Finland, tel. +358-50-5695677, E-mail - - 2014
The aim of this study is to explore the prevalence of swallowing difficulties (SWD) and their associations with nutritional status, eating habits, nutritional care, and mortality among older people in assisted living. A cross-sectional study with interviews and nutritional assessments at baseline and 3-year follow-up for mortality. Assisted living facilities ...
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