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Alvarez-Guerrero Cesar - - 2011
To diminish the risk of transmission to humans of advanced third-stage larvae (A3L) of Gnathostoma binucleatum in fish foods, we evaluated the effects of some physical factors on larval viability. A3L protected within fish meatballs were subjected to freezing, refrigeration, boiling, dry heat, and immersion in lemon juice. By freezing, ...
Finkler Hilit - - 2011
Objective-To examine behavioral differences during a 1-year observational period between urban feeding groups of neutered and sexually intact free-roaming cats following a trap-neuter-return procedure. Design-Natural-setting trial. Animals-Free-roaming cats (n = 184) living in 4 feeding groups in an urban region of Israel. Procedures-Trap-neuter-return procedures were applied to 2 cat feeding ...
Peng Silvio - - 2011
The ability of foodborne pathogens to survive in certain foods mainly depends on stress response mechanisms. Insight into molecular properties enabling pathogenic bacteria to survive in food is valuable for improvement of the control of pathogens during food processing. Raw milk cheeses are a potential source for human infections with ...
Donny Eric C EC Department of Psychology, University of Pittsburgh, 210 S. Bouquet Street, Pittsburgh, PA 15260, USA. - - 2011
Concerns about body weight represent an important barrier to public health efforts aimed at reducing smoking. Epidemiological studies have found that current smokers weigh less than non-smokers, smoking cessation results in weight gain, and weight restriction is commonly cited as a reason for smoking. The mechanisms underlying the relationship between ...
Saneyasu Takaoki - - 2011
Broiler chicks eat more food than layer chicks. In this study, we examined the involvement of orexigenic peptide neuropeptide Y (NPY) in the difference in food intake between broiler and layer chicks (Gallus gallus). First, we compared the hypothalamic mRNA levels of NPY and its receptors (Y1 and Y5 receptors) ...
Carr Kenneth D KD Department of Psychiatry, Millhauser Laboratories, New York University School of Medicine, 550 First Ave., New York, NY 10016, USA. - - 2011
In the laboratory, food restriction has been shown to induce neuroadaptations in brain reward circuitry which are likely to be among those that facilitate survival during periods of food scarcity in the wild. However, the upregulation of mechanisms that promote foraging and reward-related learning may pose a hazard when food ...
Ong Pei Thing - - 2011
Understanding on the bioaccumulation and depuration of PAHs (polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons) in Penaeus monodon is important in seafood safety because it is one of the most popular seafood consumed worldwide. In this study, we used anthracene as the precursor compound for PAHs accumulation and depuration in the shrimp. Commercial feed ...
Goulas Vlassios - - 2011
BACKGROUND: The aim of the present work was to evaluate the phytochemical profile and the antioxidant activity of strawberry fruit (cv. Camarosa) upon postharvest ripening at room temperature (20 °C) and to correlate them with qualitative attributes. RESULTS: 'Camarosa' fruit retained an appreciable postharvest performance for up to 1 day ...
Takimoto Ayaka - - 2011
Our society is sustained by wide-ranging cooperation. If individuals are sensitive to others' gains and losses as well as the amount of labor, they can ensure future beneficial cooperative interaction. However, it is still an open question whether nonhuman primates are sensitive to others' labor. We asked this question in ...
Chen Shu - - 2011
Listeria monocytogenes is the etiologic agent of listeriosis responsible for severe and fatal infections in humans. Listeria contamination occurs quite often in a wide range of foods due to its ubiquitous nature. Isolates need to be characterized to a strain level for accurate diagnosis of Listeria infection, epidemiological studies, investigation ...
Ibias Javier J Laboratorios de Conducta Animal, Facultad de Psicología, Universidad Nacional de Educación a Distancia, Ciudad Universitaria, 28040 Madrid, - - 2011
Eight Spontaneously Hypertensive Rat (SHR), 8 Wistar-Kyoto (WKY) and 8 Wistar rats, all male, maintained at 80-85% of their free-feeding weight by controlled access to food, were exposed to a series of fixed time (FT) schedules whereby food pellets were regularly delivered regardless of the animals' behaviour. The FT values ...
Vanden Bussche Julie - - 2011
In recent years, questions have been raised on the possible semi-endogenous status of the alleged xenobiotic thyreostatic drug thiouracil. This, because thiouracil has been detected in urine of various animals (livestock and domesticated) at concentrations between 1 and 10 µg L<sup>-1</sup>, and in humans. Although several studies suggest Brassicaceae-derived feed ...
Eckel Lisa A LA Program in Neuroscience, Florida State University, 1107 West Call Street,Tallahassee, FL 32306-4301, USA. - - 2011
Despite a strong male bias in both basic and clinical research, it is becoming increasingly accepted that the ovarian hormone estradiol plays an important role in the control of food intake in females. Estradiol's feeding inhibitory effect occurs in a variety of species, including women, but the underlying mechanism has ...
De Guchtenaere A - - 2011
PURPOSE: Desmopressin is a standard treatment for monosymptomatic nocturnal enuresis. Different formulations are promoted as bioequivalent, although these claims are not supported by comparative pharmacodynamic data in children. Food interaction is known to influence the bioavailability of desmopressin. We compared the pharmacodynamics of the 2 most frequently used desmopressin formulations, ...
Marchini Leonardo - - 2011
Abstract Alcohol intake and estrogen deficiency can both affect bone physiology and have shown to have an adverse effect on dental implant therapy. However, the combination of both factors on osseointegration is unknown. The aim of this study was to evaluate osseointegration in rats fed with alcohol and presenting induced ...
Rabiner E A EA GSK Clinical Imaging Centre, Imperial College London, Hammersmith Hospital, London, - - 2011
Opioid neurotransmission has a key role in mediating reward-related behaviours. Opioid receptor (OR) antagonists, such as naltrexone (NTX), can attenuate the behaviour-reinforcing effects of primary (food) and secondary rewards. GSK1521498 is a novel OR ligand, which behaves as an inverse agonist at the μ-OR sub-type. In a sample of healthy ...
Currie Paul J - - 2011
The corticotropin releasing hormone-related ligand, urocortin-I (UcnI), suppresses food intake when injected into multiple hypothalamic and extrahypothalamic areas. UcnI also alters energy substrate utilization, specifically via enhanced fat oxidation as reflected in reductions in respiratory quotient (RQ). In the present study we compared the feeding and metabolic effects of ghrelin ...
Kaskani Charoula - - 2011
The effects of analogs of the diuretic peptides Locmi-DH, Dippu-DH(46) and Dippu-DH(31) on two aspects of appetitive behavior are investigated in previously food-deprived nymphs of Locusta migratoria. The analogs tested are the C-terminal 15-mer and nonapeptides and their corresponding cyclic analogs. At a nominal dose of 1pmol injected per nymph, ...
Apolzan John W JW Department of Foods and Nutrition, Purdue University, 700 West State Street, West Lafayette, IN 47907, - - 2011
Limited research has suggested that the food form of nutritional supplements (FFNS) and resistance training (RT) influence ingestive behaviour and energy balance in older adults. The effects of the FFNS and RT on acute appetitive, endocrine and metabolic responses are not adequately documented. The present study assessed the effects of ...
Sui Jianxin - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Egg yolk antibody (IgY) is a unique type of immunoglobulin found in egg yolks, and many reports have described its ability to inhibit corresponding antigen bacteria. The objective of this study was to evaluate the antibacterial activity of IgY specific to Listeria monocytogenes, an important food pathogen to both ...
Lee Hongjoo J HJ Department of Psychology, University of Texas, Austin, TX, - - 2011
Rats orient to and approach localizable visual cues paired with food delivery. Previous studies from this laboratory show that the acquisition and expression of these learned cue-directed responses depend on integrity of a system including the central nucleus of the amygdala (CeA), the substantia nigra pars compacta (SNc) and the ...
Tong Jenny J Division of Endocrinology, Diabetes, and Metabolism, Department of Internal Medicine, University of Cincinnati, Cincinnati, Ohio 45267, USA. - - 2011
Olfaction is an integral part of feeding providing predictive cues that anticipate ingestion. Although olfactory function is modulated by factors such as prolonged fasting, the underlying neural mechanisms remain poorly understood. We recently identified ghrelin receptors in olfactory circuits in the brain. We therefore investigated the role of the appetite-stimulating ...
Foltin Richard W RW Division on Substance Abuse, New York State Psychiatric Institute and Department of Psychiatry, College of Physicians and Surgeons of Columbia University, 1051 Riverside Drive, Unit 120, New York, NY 10032, USA. - - 2011
We examined the effects of periodic access to a palatable, high sugar content food (candy) in 8 male baboons on the anorectic response to d-amphetamine, which increases dopamine, and dexfenfluramine, which increases serotonin. During candy access, up to 200 candies containing 75% of energy as sugar were available during the ...
Lee Jinyoung - - 2011
Consequences of long-term exposure to diclofenac up to 3 months were evaluated using freshwater crustaceans (Daphnia magna and Moina macrocopa) and a fish (Oryzias latipes). Marked decrease of reproduction was observed at 25mg/L for D. magna, and at 50mg/L for M. macrocopa. Three-month exposure of fish to 0.001-10mg/L of diclofenac ...
Zimmermann Michael B - - 2011
Recent studies suggest nanostructured oxides and phosphates of Fe and atomically mixed Fe/Zn may be useful for nutritional applications. These compounds may have several advantages over existing fortificants, such as ferrous sulfate (FeSO(4)), NaFeEDTA and electrolytic iron. Because of their very low solubility and formation of soft agglomerates of micron ...
Lagaraine Christine - - 2011
Sheep from temperate latitudes exhibit seasonal variations in many physiological functions such as reproduction, food intake, body weight, and pelage growth. Majority of seasonal changes are controlled by the annual photoperiodic cycle and melatonin secretion. For reproduction, the resulting key event is a modulation of the negative feedback of steroids ...
Stohs Sidney J - - 2011
Citrus aurantium (bitter orange) extract and its principal protoalkaloidal constituent p-synephrine are widely used in weight loss and weight management as well as in sports performance products. However, questions are raised frequently regarding the safety of these ingredients. The potential inherent dangers associated with the use of products containing C. ...
Ng Janet J Department of Psychology, University of Oregon, Eugene, OR 97403, USA. - - 2011
We tested the hypothesis that obese individuals experience greater activation of the gustatory and somatosensory cortex, but weaker activation of the striatum, in response to intake and anticipated intake of high-fat chocolate milkshake versus an isocaloric milkshake labeled low-fat and a tasteless solution using functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) with ...
Ball Kevin T - - 2011
We used a rat reinstatement model to test the involvement of dopamine D(1)- and D(2)-like receptors in discrete cue-induced reinstatement of food seeking. At a dose that did not alter responding during food self-administration, the D(1)-like antagonist SCH-23390 blocked reinstatement of food seeking, while the D(2)-like antagonist eticlopride significantly increased ...
Noble D J - - 2011
SUMMARYSalmonella enterica serovar Typhimurium definitive phage type (DT) 8 is uncommon in humans in the UK. In July 2010, the Health Protection Agency reported an excess isolation rate of pan-susceptible S. Typhimurium DT8 in England and Northern Ireland. By the end of October, this amounted to 81 laboratory-confirmed human cases ...
Patyal A - - 2011
The present study reports the prevalence of Arcobacter, an emerging pathogen in human, animals and foods of animal origin in India. A total of 600 samples from various sources, viz. diarrhoeal stools of humans and dogs, faecal swabs of animals (pig, poultry), preputial washings of breeding bulls and food samples ...
Peng Xing-Xiang XX Department of Psychiatry, New York University School of Medicine, New York 10016, - - 2011
Insertion and removal of AMPA receptors from the synaptic membrane underlie dynamic tuning of synaptic transmission and enduring changes in synaptic strength. Preclinical addiction research suggests that AMPA receptor trafficking plays an important role in nucleus accumbens (NAc) neuroplasticity underlying the compulsive and persistent quality of drug-seeking. Considering the parallels ...
Guo Ying - - 2011
Phthalates are esters of phthalic acid and are mainly used as plasticizers (added to plastics to increase their flexibility, transparency, durability, and longevity). Humans are exposed to phthalates through several routes. Urinary phthalate metabolites can be used as biomarkers of human exposures to phthalates. In this study, 14 phthalate metabolites ...
Healy Jessica E JE Department of Biology, Colorado State University, Fort Collins, CO, USA. - - 2011
AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) is a cellular energy sensor that responds to low endogenous energy by stimulating fatty acid oxidation (through inactivation of acetyl-CoA carboxylase (ACC)) and food intake. Fasting generally stimulates phosphorylation of AMPK (pAMPK) and ACC (pACC), but it is unclear how AMPK and ACC react to a ...
Abraham Klaus - - 2011
5-Hydroxymethylfurfural (5-HMF) as a product of the Maillard reaction is found in many foods. Estimated intakes range between 4 and 30 mg per person and day, while an intake of up to 350 mg can result from, e.g., beverages made from dried plums. In vitro genotoxicity was positive when the metabolic preconditions ...
Gearhardt Ashley N AN Yale University, 2 Hillhouse Ave., New Haven, CT 06511, USA. - - 2011
Research has implicated an addictive process in the development and maintenance of obesity. Although parallels in neural functioning between obesity and substance dependence have been found, to our knowledge, no studies have examined the neural correlates of addictive-like eating behavior. To test the hypothesis that elevated "food addiction" scores are ...
Mustorp Stina Lund - - 2011
ABSTRACT Legislation requires labelling of foods containing allergenic ingredients. Here we present a robust ten-plex quantitative and sensitive ligation-dependent probe amplification method, the allergen-MLPA method, for specific detection of eight allergens: sesame, soy, hazelnut, peanut, lupine, gluten, mustard and celery. Ligated probes were amplified by PCR and amplicons were detected ...
Rabie Mohamed A - - 2011
Biogenic amines in foods may pose a public health problem. Therefore, histamine, tyramine, putrescine, cadaverine, spermine, and spermidine concentrations were measured in selected food items commonly consumed in Egypt. Foods examined were dairy products (blue cheese and Mesh cheese), meats (fermented and smoked cooked sausage), and fish (smoked and salted ...
Gwozdz W - - 2011
Objective:The aim of this report was to present methodological aspects of assessing the effects of advertising on children's food choices and preferences.Methods:Two instruments have been used: first, a choice experiment on children's food knowledge and preferences, and second, a questionnaire on children's knowledge about and attitudes towards advertising. The choice ...
Mansoor Darlene K - - 2011
Food allergies are immune-mediated responses to food proteins. Because of differences in the underlying immunologic mechanisms, there are varying clinical presentations of food allergy. This article discusses the manifestations of IgE-mediated disorders, including urticaria and angioedema, rhinoconjunctivitis, asthma, gastrointestinal anaphylaxis, generalized anaphylaxis, food-dependent exercise-induced anaphylaxis, and oral allergy syndrome. It also ...
Schmitt-Hoffmann A H - - 2011
Previous studies have shown that concomitant administration of food may enhance the bioavailability of oral retinoids. To assess the influence of food on the pharmacokinetics (PK) of alitretinoin after a single oral dose. This was a single-dose, open-label, randomized, crossover study, which enrolled 30 healthy men, aged 18-44 years. Subjects ...
Sommers Christopher H - - 2011
Yersinia pestis, a psychrotrophic pathogen capable of growth at refrigeration temperatures, can cause pharyngeal and gastrointestinal plague in humans that consume contaminated foods. Because Y. pestis is listed as a select agent for food safety and defense, evaluation of food safety intervention technologies for inactivation of this pathogen is needed. ...
Lodi Carolina Simonetti - - 2011
To evaluate the fluoride ion concentration in some fermented milks present in the market. Three brands of 6 fermented milks (Parmalat®-uva, Chamyto®, Paulista®, Batavito®, Yakult®, Vigor Club®) were analyzed. Fluoride concentration was evaluated after facilitated microdiffusion by HDMS. Parmalat® products ranged from 0.022 μgF/g to 0.031 μgF/g, Chamyto® from 0.228 ...
Jyonouchi Soma S Division of Allergy and Immunology, The Children's Hospital of Philadelphia, Philadelphia, PA 19104, - - 2011
A key immunologic feature of food allergy (FA) is the presence of a T(h)2-type cytokine bias. Ligation of the invariant natural killer T cell (iNKT) T-cell receptor (TCR) by sphingolipids presented via the CD1d molecule leads to copious secretion of T(h)2-type cytokines. Major food allergens (eg, milk, egg) are the ...
Santollo Jessica J Program in Neuroscience, Florida State University, Tallahassee, FL 32306, - - 2011
Estradiol (E2) exerts an inhibitory effect on food intake in a variety of species. While compelling evidence indicates that central, rather than peripheral, estrogen receptors (ERs) mediate this effect, the exact brain regions involved have yet to be conclusively identified. In order to identify brain regions that are sufficient for ...
Root Cory M CM Neurobiology Section, Division of Biological Sciences, University of California, San Diego, La Jolla, CA 92093, - - 2011
Internal physiological states influence behavioral decisions. We have investigated the underlying cellular and molecular mechanisms at the first olfactory synapse for starvation modulation of food-search behavior in Drosophila. We found that a local signal by short neuropeptide F (sNPF) and a global metabolic cue by insulin are integrated at specific ...
Kim Youngmok - - 2011
Ready to drink (RTD) teas are a growing segment in the beverage category, brought about by improvements in the flavor of these products and healthy market trends driven by consumers. The presented results evaluated the antioxidant phytochemical stability of RTD teas from aqueous infusions of traditional green tea (Camellia sinensis) ...
Appleton K M - - 2011
Several short-term studies have investigated the effects of a vegetable oil emulsion on subsequent food intake, although findings have been inconsistent. This work aimed to review all studies, and investigate differences in study outcomes based on methodology. All known studies were identified. Data were abstracted from published studies (n = 7). Details ...
Lensu Sanna - - 2011
Aversion to novel food items was studied in male rats and mice after 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin (TCDD) exposure using chocolate consumption as an indicator. The correlation of this phenomenon with susceptibility to acute toxicity and CYP1A1 induction was examined by determining the dose-response of chocolate aversion in differently dioxin-sensitive rat lines after ...
Oztürk Mehmet - - 2011
Juniperus L. (Cupressaceae) species are mostly spread out in the Northern Hemisphere of the world, and some of them are used as folkloric medicines. The fruits of some species are eaten. Since oxidative stress is one of the reasons for neurodegeneration and is associated with the Alzheimer's disease (AD), the ...
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