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Falandysz Jerzy J a University of Gdańsk , Gdańsk , - - 2014
There is no doubt that chloronaphthalenes (PCNs) and their brominated counterparts (PBNs) are dioxin-like compounds, but there is less evidence for mixed bromo/chloronaphthalenes (PXNs). In this article we review information relating to the dioxin-like potency of PCNs and PBNs obtained in vivo, in vitro, and in silico. The aim was ...
Mann Evelyne E Institute of Milk Hygiene, Milk Technology and Food Science, Department of Veterinary Public Health and Food Science, University of Veterinary Medicine Vienna, Veterinaerplatz 1, 1210 Vienna, - - 2014
Traditionally, quantitative microbial risk assessment (QMRA) is based on culture-dependent technologies. However, molecular quantification could forge additional, detailed information. A prerequisite of quantitative real-time PCR in animal science is a tissue preparation method where large volumes of tissue material can be reduced and particularly target cells can be concentrated. An ...
Spaniolas Stelios - - 2014
Recently, DNA-based authentication methods were developed to serve as complementary approaches to analytical chemistry techniques. The single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP)-based reaction chemistries, when combined with the existing detection methods, could result in numerous analytical approaches, all with particular advantages and disadvantages. The dual aim of this study was (a) to ...
López-López Pascual - - 2014
Understanding space use of free-living endangered animals is key to informing management decisions for conservation planning. Like most scavengers, vultures have evolved under a context of unpredictability of food resources (i.e., exploiting scattered carcasses that are intermittently available). However, the role of predictable sources of food in shaping spatial ecology ...
Schradin Carsten C Université de Strasbourg, IPHC-DEPE, 23 rue Becquerel, 67087 Strasbourg, France; CNRS, UMR 7178, 67087 Strasbourg, France; School of Animal, Plant and Environmental Sciences, University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, South Africa. Electronic address: - - 2014
Leptin is a hormone informing the body about its fat stores, reducing appetite and foraging and as such reducing fattening of individuals. In laboratory rodents, leptin secretion is highly correlated to the amount of adipose tissue. We compared this to the alternative ecological leptin hypothesis, which based on the behavioural ...
Beiroa Daniel D Department of Physiology, CIMUS, University of Santiago de Compostela-Instituto de Investigación Sanitaria, Santiago de Compostela, SpainCIBER Fisiopatología de la Obesidad y Nutrición (CIBERobn), Santiago de Compostela, - - 2014
GLP-1 receptor (GLP-1R) is widely located throughout the brain, but the precise molecular mechanisms mediating the actions of GLP-1 and its long-acting analogs on adipose tissue as well as the brain areas responsible for these interactions remain largely unknown. We found that central injection of a clinically used GLP-1R agonist, ...
Jain Arun Kumar AK Institute of Pharmacy, Ernst-Moritz-Arndt-University of Greifswald, 17487 Greifswald, - - 2014
Four different hydrophilic matrix formulations based on hydroxypropyl methylcellulose (HPMC) were investigated for erosion properties in vivo. Three formulations contained a fixed amount of HPMC (40%) with varying proportions of two HPMC grades with different molecular weights (Methocel K100LV and K4M), and a fourth formulation contained a lower amount of ...
Ghanbarzadeh Babak B a Department of Food Science and Technology, Faculty of Agriculture , University of Tabriz , Tabriz , Iran , P. O. Box - - 2014
Abstract Most materials currently used for food packaging are non-degradable, generating environmental problems. Several biopolymers have been exploited to develop materials for eco-friendly food packaging. However, the use of biopolymers has been limited because of their usually poor mechanical and barrier properties, which may be improved by adding reinforcing compounds ...
Chua-Barcelo Racquel Tan RT School of Natural Sciences, Saint Louis University, Bonifacio St., Baguio City 2600, the - - 2014
To conduct a survey on the common name/s, traditional uses and cultural importance of the edible wild fruits in different municipalities of Benguet, Cordillera administrative region. Interviews using questionnaires with barangay leaders and indigenous people were conducted with 176 key informants from June 2011 to July 2013. A total of ...
Hanani Z A Nur ZA Department of Food Technology, Faculty of Food Science & Technology, University Putra Malaysia, 43400 UPM Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia. Electronic address: - - 2014
The manufacture and potential application of biodegradable films for food application has gained increased interest as alternatives to conventional food packaging polymers due to the sustainable nature associated with their availability, broad and abundant source range, compostability, environmentally-friendly image, compatibility with foodstuffs and food application etc. Gelatin is one such ...
Purcell Sarah S Dept. of Food Science, Univ. of Arkansas, 2650 North Young Ave, Fayetteville, AR, 72704, - - 2014
This study investigated the effects of enzyme modification on starch as an effective oil delivery system for bake-only chicken nuggets. Various native starches were hydrolyzed by amyloglucosidase to a hydrolysis degree of 20% to 25% and plated with 50% (w/w, starch dry basis) with canola oil to create a starch-oil ...
Wu Jingjing J School of Biotechnology and Food Engineering, Anhui Provincial Key Lab of Functional Materials & Devices, Hefei University of Technology, Hefei 230009, People's Republic of - - 2014
The method referred to as "systemic evolution of ligands by exponential enrichment" (SELEX) was introduced in 1990 and ever since has become an important tool for the identification and screening of aptamers. Such nucleic acids can recognize and bind to their corresponding targets (analytes) with high selectivity and affinity, and ...
Petti Carloalberto - - 2014
Natural food colorants with functional properties are of increasing interest. Prior reports indicate the chemical suitability of sorghum leaf 3-deoxyanthocyanidins as natural food colorants. Via mutagenesis assisted breeding, we isolated and characterized a sorghum variety that greatly over-accumulates 3-deoxyanthocyanidins of leaf tissue, named REDforGREEN (RG). Interestingly, RG not only caused ...
Hermo M P MP Department of Analytical Chemistry, Food and Nutrition Torribera Campus, University of Barcelona, Avda. Prat de la Riba, 171, Sta. Coloma de Gramenet, E-08921 Barcelona, - - 2014
The performance of high resolution accurate mass spectrometry (HRMS) operating in full scan MS mode was investigated for the quantitative determination of amoxicillin (AMX) as well as qualitative analysis of metabolomic profiles in tissues of medicated chickens. The metabolomic approach was exploited to compile analytical information on changes in the ...
Grombe Ringo R European Commission, Joint Research Centre, Institute for Reference Materials and Measurements (IRMM), Retieseweg 111, 2440 Geel, - - 2014
The study was dedicated towards the detection of Engineered Nanoparticles (ENPs) by means of Optical Coherence Tomography (OCT). Polymeric films were produced to mimic complex food matrices whereas gold nanorods (AuNRs) were embedded to act as ENPs. The straightforward coating application resulted in a sufficient film wetting, adhesion and homogenous ...
Asero R R Ambulatorio di Allergologia, Clinica San Carlo, Paderno Dugnano, Italy. - - 2014
Sesame seed allergy, a potentially very severe food allergy, seems on the rise worldwide but is still uncommon in Italy. The aim of the present study was to investigate the allergenic profile of Italian sesame seed-allergic patients. Patients with genuine sesame seed allergy diagnosed over one year in a large ...
Yi Xianfeng X College of Life Sciences, Jiangxi Normal University, Nanchang, Jiangxi, China; College of Agriculture, Henan University of Science and Technology, Luoyang, Henan, - - 2014
Selecting seeds for long-term storage is a key factor for food hoarding animals. Siberian chipmunks (Tamias sibiricus) remove the pericarp and scatter hoard sound acorns of Quercus mongolica over those that are insect-infested to maximize returns from caches. We have no knowledge of whether these chipmunks remove the pericarp from ...
Colonese André Carlo AC BioArCh, Department of Archaeology, University of York, York, United - - 2014
Isotopic and molecular analysis on human, fauna and pottery remains can provide valuable new insights into the diets and subsistence practices of prehistoric populations. These are crucial to elucidate the resilience of social-ecological systems to cultural and environmental change. Bulk collagen carbon and nitrogen isotopic analysis of 82 human individuals ...
Kate Kiran K IBM Research Collaboratory, - - 2014
Food-borne illness is a growing public health concern in the world. Government bodies, which regulate and monitor the state of food safety, solicit citizen feedback about food hygiene practices followed by food establishments. They use traditional channels like call center, e-mail for such feedback collection. With the growing popularity of ...
McKeague Maureen M Department of Bioengineering, Stanford University, 443 Via Ortega, MC 4245, Stanford, CA 94305, USA. - - 2014
Nucleic acid aptamers are emerging as useful molecular recognition tools for food safety monitoring. However, practical and technical challenges limit the number and diversity of available aptamer probes that can be incorporated into novel sensing schemes. This work describes the selection of novel DNA aptamers that bind to the important ...
Lindroos E E Eeva Lindroos, M.Sc, Helsinki Metropolia, University of Applied Sciences, Finland, Mannerheimintie 172, FIN-00300 Helsinki, Finland, tel. +358-50-5695677, E-mail - - 2014
The aim of this study is to explore the prevalence of swallowing difficulties (SWD) and their associations with nutritional status, eating habits, nutritional care, and mortality among older people in assisted living. A cross-sectional study with interviews and nutritional assessments at baseline and 3-year follow-up for mortality. Assisted living facilities ...
Düsman Elisângela E Department of Biotechnology, Genetics and Cell Biology, State University of Maringá, Paraná, - - 2014
The juices of grapes (Vitis labrusca L.) are similar to the fruit itself because the main constituents of the fruit are present in the juice. However, their quality characteristics may be modified by the harsh technological processes used for the production of integral food, such as production systems of raw ...
Polsky Jane Y JY University of Toronto. - - 2014
We examined whether access to retail sources of healthy and unhealthy food varies according to level of neighbourhood material deprivation in three Ontario regions and whether urban form characteristics help to explain any such variations. Food retail (FR) outlets were identified from a commercial database for 804 urban neighbourhoods in ...
Rangel-Negrín Ariadna A Instituto de Neuroetología, Universidad Veracruzana, Xalapa, Veracruz, - - 2014
The non-invasive monitoring of glucocorticoid hormones allows for the assessment of the physiological effects of anthropogenic disturbances on wildlife. Variation in glucocorticoid levels of the same species between protected and unprotect areas seldom has been measured, and the available evidence suggests that this relationship may depend on species-specific habitat requirements ...
Overby Nina Cecilie NC Department of Public Health, Sport and Nutrition, Faculty of Health and Sport Sciences, University of Agder, Kristiansand, - - 2014
The assessment of food intake is challenging and prone to errors; it is therefore important to consider the reliability and validity of the assessment methods. The aim of this study was to analyze the reproducibility and validity of a developed food-frequency questionnaire (FFQ) for use among adolescents. In total, 58 ...
Gucciardi Enza E School of Nutrition, Ryerson University, 350 Victoria Street, Toronto, Ontario M5B 2K3 - - 2014
Access to sufficient, safe, and nutritious food not only affects the health of people who experience food insecurity, but also their ability to manage health conditions, such as diabetes. When people find it difficult to access sufficient food, tailoring their food selection to a diabetes regimen is even more difficult. ...
Gaudin Véronique Laberge VL Public Health Department, Cree Board of Health and Social Services of James Bay, Mistissini, QC, Canada; Department of Social and Preventative Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Université de Montréal, Montreal, QC, - - 2014
Background. The Aboriginal nations of Canada have higher incidences of chronic diseases, coinciding with profound changes in their environment, lifestyle and diet. Traditional foods can protect against the risks of chronic disease. However, their consumption is in decline, and little is known about the complex mechanisms underlying this trend. Objective. ...
Miccoli Laura L Department of Personality, University of Granada, Granada, - - 2014
In the last decades, food pictures have been repeatedly employed to investigate the emotional impact of food on healthy participants as well as individuals who suffer from eating disorders and obesity. However, despite their widespread use, food pictures are typically selected according to each researcher's personal criteria, which make it ...
Badawy Mohamed E I ME Department of Pesticide Chemistry and Technology, Faculty of Agriculture, Alexandria University, El-Shatby, Alexandria 21545, - - 2014
In many countries, people are becoming more concerned about pesticide residues which are present in or on food and feed products. For this reason, several methods have been developed to monitor the pesticide residue levels in food samples. In this study, a bioactive paper-based sensor was developed for detection of ...
Root-Bernstein Meredith - - 2013
Birds are important mobile link species that contribute to landscape-scale patterns by means of pollination, seed dispersal, and predation. Birds are often associated with habitats modified by small mammal ecosystem engineers. We investigated whether birds prefer to forage on degu (Octodon degus) runways by comparing their foraging effort across sites ...
Lima B N B BN Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro, Centro de Tecnologia, Bloco J, IMA, Ilha do Fundão, Cidade Universitária, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. Electronic address: - - 2014
Fruit seeds, common byproducts of the food industry, are generally discarded despite their potential use as a source of nutrients in the human diet. The dietetic use of the flour made from fruit seeds depends on their centesimal composition and other characteristics. In this work the centesimal compositions were determined ...
Minaker Leia M - - 2013
Few studies have assessed the construct validity of measures of neighborhood food environment, which remains a major challenge in accurately assessing food access. In this study, we adapted a psychometric tool to examine the construct validity of 4 such measures for 3 constructs. We used 4 food-environment measures to collect ...
de Sá Leonardo Figueira Reis - - 2013
Bruchid beetles infest various seeds. The seed coat is the first protective barrier against bruchid infestation. Although non-host seed coats often impair the oviposition, eclosion and survival of the bruchid Callosobruchus maculatus larvae, morphological and biochemical aspects of this phenomenon remain unclear. Here we show that Phaseolus vulgaris (non-host) seed ...
Magnuson B A - - 2013
Canary seed is a nutrient-rich cereal grain; however it has not been used in human food. Glabrous or hairless canary seed has potential human food use as trichomes are absent. The objective of the oral feeding studies reported here was to assess the safety of yellow and brown glabrous canary ...
Chechi K - - 2013
During the 11th Stock Conference held in Montreal, Quebec, Canada, world-leading experts came together to present and discuss recent developments made in the field of brown adipose tissue biology. Owing to the vast capacity of brown adipose tissue for burning food energy in the process of thermogenesis, and due to ...
Zhang Mingming - - 2013
The question of how tannin affects feeding and hoarding preferences of rodents still remains poorly understood, in part, because it is difficult to control for other seed traits when considering the sole effect of tannin. Here, we constructed a series of artificial 'seeds' with different tannin levels, made from wheat ...
Kedia Akash - - 2013
The study reports potential of Cuminum cyminum (cumin) seed essential oil (EO) as a plant based shelf life enhancer against fungal and aflatoxin contamination and lipid peroxidation. The EO showed efficacy as a preservative in food systems (stored wheat and chickpeas). A total of 1230 fungal isolates were obtained from ...
Martínez-Ávila G C G GC Department of Food Science and Technology. Universidad Autónoma de Coahuila. Saltillo, Blvd. V. Carranza y González Lobo S/N. 25280, Saltillo, Coahuila, - - 2014
In this work, galactomannans from Prosopis glandulosa seeds were evaluated for their chemical composition and functional properties for potential industrial applications. In addition, those characteristics were compared with the commercial galactomannan guar gum. Mannose and galactose were the two most abundant carbohydrates present in P. glandulosa seeds, which represent 95.32% ...
Dura A - - 2014
Porous starch is attracting very much attention for its absorption and shielding ability in many food applications. The effect of two different enzymes, fungal α-amylase (AM) or amyloglucosidase (AMG), on corn starch at sub-gelatinization temperature was studied as an alternative to obtain porous starch. Biochemical features, thermal and structural analyses ...
Jung T - - 2013
In  a surveillance study from 2008 to 2011, in total 310 food products, predominately packed in cartonboard, were collected from the German market. First, the packaging materials were analysed for their content of six photo-initiators and five amine synergists by high-performance liquid chromatography with diode array detection (HPLC-DAD). If high ...
Jo Heon-Joo - - 2013
Plodia interpunctella is a major storage pest that penetrates into food packaging and causes serious economic losses, as well as posing health risks. The goal of this study was to develop effective anti-insect polymer strips against P. interpunctella by using plant essential oil (EO) and polyvinyl alcohol (PVA). The EO ...
Tanumihardjo Sherry A - - 2013
The role of vitamin A status as it relates to bone health is historical yet controversial. Population-based studies have linked high dietary intake of preformed vitamin A, which is obtained from animal-source foods, fortified foods, and some supplements, to greater risk of osteoporosis and hip fracture. In contrast, carotenoids, some ...
Calvo Mona S MS Office of Applied Research and Safety Assessment, Center for Food Safety and Applied Nutrition, U.S. Food and Drug Administration, Laurel, - - 2013
Phosphorus intake in excess of the nutrient needs of healthy adults is thought to disrupt hormonal regulation of phosphorus (P), calcium (Ca), and vitamin D, contributing to impaired peak bone mass, bone resorption, and greater risk of fracture. Elevation of extracellular phosphorus due to excessive intake is thought to be ...
Riyahi Sepand - - 2013
The granivorous house sparrow Passer domesticus is thought to have developed its commensal relationship with humans with the rise of agriculture in the Middle East some 10,000 years ago, and to have expanded with the spread of agriculture in Eurasia during the last few thousand years. One subspecies, P. d. ...
Hattori Satoshi - - 2013
Athletes, in particular endurance athletes and dancers, are chronically exposed to a state of low energy availability due to insufficient dietary energy intake and massive exercise energy expenditure. Low energy availability sometimes causes bone fragility, thereby increasing the risk of bone disorders. Although the decrease in energy availability shows no ...
Libbers L - - 2013
Diagnostic and accidental food allergic reactions may be modified by the matrix containing the allergenic food. Previous studies of double-blind, placebo-controlled food challenges (DBPCFCs) with peanut found an effect of the fat content of the challenge matrix on the severity of the challenge reactions. The aim of this study was ...
Madruga Marta Suely - - 2014
Starches used in food industry are extracted from roots, tubers and cereals. Seeds of jackfruit are abundant and contain high amounts of starch. They are discarded during the fruit processing or consumption and can be an alternative source of starch. The starch was extract from the jackfruit seeds and characterised ...
Daley Jennifer M - - 2013
Ring doves were provided contaminated food spiked with [(13)C]-2,2',4,4',5,5'-hexachlorobiphenyl (PCB 153) over a period of 63 days. Animals were sacrificed after 0.33, 0.5, 1, 2, 4, 8, 18, 36 and 63 days following access to contaminated food. At each time point, chemical concentrations in blood, liver, brain, gonad, adipose and remaining whole ...
Pritchett-Corning K R - - 2013
Some laboratory mice gnaw food pellets without ingesting much of the gnawed material, resulting in the production of waste material called 'orts'. The fact that this food grinding behavior is not seen in all individuals of a particular strain suggests that it might be abnormal, and thus indicate a welfare ...
Zhao Zhonghua - - 2013
Tissue distribution and bioaccumulation of organochlorine pesticides (OCPs) in edible fishes collected from Taihu Lake, Cyprinus carpio (C. carpio) and Ctenopharyngodon idellus (C. idellus), were studied. OCPs were detected in all samples with hexachlorocyclohexanes (HCHs), aldrins (including aldrin, dieldrin, endrin, endrin aldehyde, and endrin ketone), heptachlors (heptachlor and heptachlor epoxide) ...
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