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Pritchett-Corning K R - - 2013
Some laboratory mice gnaw food pellets without ingesting much of the gnawed material, resulting in the production of waste material called 'orts'. The fact that this food grinding behavior is not seen in all individuals of a particular strain suggests that it might be abnormal, and thus indicate a welfare ...
Zhao Zhonghua - - 2013
Tissue distribution and bioaccumulation of organochlorine pesticides (OCPs) in edible fishes collected from Taihu Lake, Cyprinus carpio (C. carpio) and Ctenopharyngodon idellus (C. idellus), were studied. OCPs were detected in all samples with hexachlorocyclohexanes (HCHs), aldrins (including aldrin, dieldrin, endrin, endrin aldehyde, and endrin ketone), heptachlors (heptachlor and heptachlor epoxide) ...
Pereira-Caro Gema - - 2013
Black-purple rice is becoming popular with health conscious food consumers. In the present study, the secondary metabolites in dehulled black-purple rice cv. Asamurasaki were analysed using HPLC-PDA-MS(2). The seeds contained a high concentration of seven anthocyanins (1400μg/g fresh weight) with cyanidin-3-O-glucoside and peonidin-3-O-glucoside predominating. Five flavonol glycosides, principally quercetin-3-O-glucoside and ...
Calvo Mona S - - 2013
This review explores the potential adverse impact of the increasing phosphorus content in the American diet on renal, cardiovascular, and bone health of the general population. Increasingly, studies show that phosphorus intakes in excess of the nutrient needs of a healthy population may significantly disrupt the hormonal regulation of phosphate, ...
Nithya Vadakedath - - 2013
AIM: In this study, an attempt was made to evaluate the effectiveness of partially purified antibacterial peptide (ppABP) produced by Bacillus licheniformis Me1 for food preservation by means of active packaging. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The active packaging films containing ppABP were developed using two different packing materials [low density polyethylene ...
Yin Lifang - - 2013
Gastro-floating tablets of cephalexin were developed to prolong the residence time in major absorption sites. Gastro-floating tablets were prepared and optimized using hydroxypropyl methylcellulose (HPMC K100M) as matrix and sodium bicarbonate as a gas-forming agent. The properties of the tablets in terms of floating lag time, floating time and in ...
Albuquerque Tânia G - - 2013
BACKGROUND: In the past years, minerals have assumed great importance in public health. As a consequence, considerable research has been carried out to better understand their physiological role and the health consequences of minerals-deficient diets, to establish criteria for defining the degree of public health severity of malnutrition, and to ...
Korehei Reza - - 2014
Phage therapy is a potentially beneficial approach to food preservation and storage. Sustained delivery of bacteriophage can prevent bacterial growth on contaminated food surfaces. Using coaxial electrospinning bacteriophage can be encapsulated in electrospun fibers with high viability. The resulting bio-based electrospun fibers may have potential as a food packaging material. ...
Thomas Jeanice B - - 2013
The vitamin C concentrations in three food-matrix Standard Reference Materials (SRMs) from the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) have been determined by liquid chromatography (LC) with absorbance detection. These materials (SRM 1549a Whole Milk Powder, SRM 1849a Infant/Adult Nutritional Formula, and SRM 3233 Fortified Breakfast Cereal) have been ...
Ishizu H - - 2013
A certified reference material using activated alumina powder certified for activity of (134)Cs and (137)Cs was developed. The results of the verification and the certification are described. The certified reference material can be used for quality assurance of screening activity measurements of (134)Cs and (137)Cs in food/foodstuffs. Commercially available equipments ...
Maemura Tomoyuki T Division of Traumatology, Research Institute, National Defense Medical College, Saitama, Japan. - - 2013
Tissue engineering combines engineering principles with the biological sciences to create functional replacement tissues. The underlying principle of tissue engineering is that isolated cells combined with biomaterials can form new tissues and organs in vitro and in vivo. This review focuses on stomach tissue engineering, which is a promising approach ...
Lobo Nikhil - - 2013
Pulsed resources have significant effects on population and community dynamics in terrestrial ecosystems. Mast seeding is an important resource pulse in deciduous forests; these boom and bust cycles of seed production generate strong lagged population responses by post-dispersal seed predators such as rodents, which then cascade through multiple trophic levels ...
Zhang Ming-Ming - - 2013
Although differences in food-hoarding tactics both reflect a behavioral response to cache pilferage among rodent species and may help explain their coexistence, differentiation in cache pilfering abilities among sympatric rodents with different hoarding strategies is seldom addressed. We carried out semi-natural enclosure experiments to investigate seed hoarding tactics among three ...
Amna Touseef - - 2013
We explored electrospinning as a feasible and practicable mode for encapsulation and stabilization of Lactobacillus gasseri. The utilized nanocomposite was prepared using sol-gel composed of animate L. gasseri and inanimate PVA. The objective was to examine the ability of electrospinning method to protect functional properties of probiotic L. gasseri. The ...
Ren Guangcai - - 2013
Obestatin is a 23-amino-acid peptide originally regarded as an anorexigenic factor. However, most of the subsequent studies failed to confirm the initially reported anorexigenic properties of obestatin. Obestatin is incapable of crossing the blood brain barrier (BBB), which may affect its biological function. Here, we report the physiological effects of ...
Tamura Chikako - - 2013
We aimed to develop a new food-processing approach using pectin to reduce gastrointestinal absorption of mycotoxins. When Ca(2+) is added to low-methoxyl pectin, a gel resembling an egg box-like structure forms that is able to trap certain molecules. We examined whether or not low-methoxyl amidated pectin (LMA) and low-methoxyl non-amidated ...
Bortolotti Lauren E - - 2013
Hydrogen isotopes (delta2H) are often used to infer the origins of migratory animals based on the strong correlation between deuterium content of tissues and long-term patterns of precipitation. However, the extreme flood and drought dynamics of surface waters in prairie wetland systems could mask these expected correlations. We investigated H ...
Mueller Christina E - - 2013
We investigated the interactions between the cold-water coral Lophelia pertusa and its associated polychaete Eunice norvegica by quantifying carbon (C) and nitrogen (N) budgets of tissue assimilation, food partitioning, calcification and respiration using (13)C and (15)N enriched algae and zooplankton as food sources. During incubations both species were kept either ...
Stock William D - - 2013
Pine plantations near Perth, Western Australia have provided an important food source for endangered Carnaby's Cockatoos (Calyptorhynchus latirostris) since the 1940s. Plans to harvest these plantations without re-planting will remove this food source by 2031 or earlier. To assess the impact of pine removal, we studied the ecological association between ...
Teixeira Daniel Câmara - - 2013
Among the Bauhinia species, B. cheilantha stands out for its seed protein content. However, there is no record of its nutritional value, being used in a nonsustainable way in the folk medicine and for large-scale extraction of timber. The aim of this study was to investigate the food potential of ...
Lau Beatrice Y - - 2013
Methods to optimize healing through dietary strategies present an attractive option for patients, such that healing from delicate oral surgeries occurs as optimally as possible with minimal patient-meditated complications through improper food choices. This review discusses findings from studies that have investigated the role of diet, either whole foods or ...
Huang Tao - - 2013
Antarctic krill (Euphausia superba) is a key component of the Southern Ocean food web. It supports a large number of upper trophic-level predators, and is also a major fishery resource. Understanding changes in krill abundance has long been a priority for research and conservation in the Southern Ocean. In this ...
Rong Ke - - 2013
Scatter hoarders are not able to defend their caches. A longer hoarding distance combined with lower cache density can reduce cache losses but increase the costs of hoarding and retrieving. Scatter hoarders arrange their cache density to achieve an optimal balance between hoarding costs and main cache losses. We conducted ...
Padmanabhan Makkada Yuvaraj MY Department of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry, Sri Ramakrishna Dental College and Hospital, Coimbatore, India. - - 2013
Contamination and subsequent retention of foreign bodies within wound surfaces may negatively influence healing following maxillofacial injuries. Larger foreign bodies that produce embedded or impalement injuries of soft tissues are easily detected. However, smaller contaminants, such as sand, gravel, food particles, wood splinters, and glass fibers, may not be easily ...
Mapare Sagar Arjun SA Reader, Department of Orthodontics, HSRSM Dental College and Hospital, Hingoli, Maharashtra, - - 2013
Aim: The aim of this study is to investigate the effect various dietary nutrients in aggressive periodontitis patients. Materials and methods: A total of 85 patients were selected and divided into two groups, 45 patients are with aggressive periodontitis and 40 patients are healthy. Periodontal parameters such as oral hygiene ...
Petretto G L - - 2013
A novel device for the study of antimicrobial activity by vapour contact of volatile substances have been designed. This "big size" system, made up in inert acrylic material, is furnished with a fan and a hot plate with the aim to have a quick evaporation of volatile substances. It is ...
Pante Michael C - - 2012
Little is known about the type and amount of animal proteins consumed by Homo erectus, a species distinguished from its predecessors by more human-like brain and body proportions and its association with more advanced stone tool technology. Here I present an interpretation of the feeding behavior of African H. erectus based ...
Terhune Claire E - - 2012
Behavioral observations of great apes have consistently identified differences in feeding behavior among species, and these differences have been linked to variation in masticatory form. As the point at which the mandible and cranium articulate, the temporomandibular joint (TMJ) is an important component of the masticatory apparatus. Forces are transmitted ...
Roncero-Ramos Irene - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Consumption of Maillard reaction products (MRPs) present in food has been related to deterioration of protein digestibility and changes in mineral bioavailability. We aimed to investigate the effects of MRP intake from bread crust on magnesium balance and tissue distribution, seeking causative factors among its different components. RESULTS: During ...
Rosenblatt Adam E AE Department of Biological Sciences, Marine Sciences Program, Florida International University, 3000 NE 151st Street, North Miami, FL 33181, USA. - - 2013
Stable isotope analysis has become a standard ecological tool for elucidating feeding relationships of organisms and determining food web structure and connectivity. There remain important questions concerning rates at which stable isotope values are incorporated into tissues (turnover rates) and the change in isotope value between a tissue and a ...
Buiatti M M University of Florence, Florence, Italy, - - 2013
This commentary is a face-to-face debate between two almost opposite positions regarding the application of genetic engineering in agriculture and food production. Seven questions on the potential benefits of the application of genetic engineering in agriculture and on the potentially adverse impacts on the environment and human health were posed ...
Muthukumar Thangavelu - - 2012
Developing biomaterials having wound healing properties within the search of a common man is the need of hour, particularly in developing and third world countries. Keeping this objective in view we have developed a wound dressing material, in sheet form, containing fish scale collagen (FSC) and physiologically clotted fibrin (PCF), ...
Lelli Roberta - - 2012
Stable isotope analysis of human remains has been used to address long-standing debates regarding the speed and degree to which the introduction of farming transformed diet. In Europe, this debate has centered on northern and Atlantic regions with much less attention devoted to the arrival of farming across the Mediterranean. ...
Courraud Julie - - 2013
Vitamin A deficiency is a public health issue in developing countries and promoting dietary carotenoids as precursors is a promising strategy. However, carotenoids present in numerous fruits and vegetables are unstable and poorly bioaccessible. This study evaluated these two parameters during in vitro digestion of carotenoids and retinoids from carrot ...
Da-Lozzo Eneida Janiscki - - 2013
Curcumin, a lipophilic compound found in the plant Curcuma longa L., exhibits a wide range of pharmacological activity; however, its therapeutic use has been limited because of its low bioavailability following oral administration. The aim of this study was to evaluate the viscoelastic characteristics and biocompatibility of a curcumin/xanthan:galactomannan hydrogel ...
Le Bourvellec C - - 2012
Non-covalent and covalent associations of polyphenols with food macromolecules are two of the most fundamental factors affecting the quality of polyphenol-rich food products. This review therefore describes the biochemical bases of associations between polyphenols and macromolecules, that is, proteins and polysaccharides. Our intent is to provide a level of understanding ...
Dall'asta Margherita - - 2012
The biological effects of dietary polyphenols are linked to their bioavailability and catabolism in humans. The colon, with its symbiotic microbiota, is an active site where complex polyphenolic compounds are possibly modified to smaller and more absorbable molecules. The aim of this study was to identify the major metabolites derived ...
Esteve C - - 2012
Olive pollen is one of the most important causes of seasonal respiratory allergy in Mediterranean countries, where this tree is intensely cultivated. Besides this, some cases of contact dermatitis and food allergy to the olive fruit and olive oil have been also described. Several scientific studies dealing with olive allergens ...
Yang Wade W - - 2012
Pulsed ultraviolet light (PUV), a novel technology most commonly used for microbial inactivation, has recently been employed to effectively mitigate food allergens in peanuts, soybean, shrimp, and almond. Putative mechanisms for the efficacy of PUV in reducing allergen reactivity include photothermal, photochemical, and photophysical effects. To date, there are no ...
Cai Yanming - - 2012
Xuanwei and Fuyuan are located in the southwest of China and have the highest lung cancer incidence in China, possibly even highest in the world. Dietary samples were collected from these two counties and the contamination status of sixteen polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) were determined. PAH components, food constituents, dietary ...
Clune Alison L - - 2012
The Food Quality Protection Act (FQPA) was signed into law in 1996 to strengthen the regulation of pesticide tolerances in food. Organophosphorus (OP) insecticides were the first group of pesticides reviewed by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) under the new law. Our goal was to determine whether urinary concentrations ...
Cao Sishuo - - 2012
Bacillus thuringiensis rice is facing commercialization as the main food source in the near future. The unintended effects of genetically modified (GM) organisms are the most important barriers to their promotion. We aimed to establish a new in vivo evaluation model for genetically modified foods by using metabonomics and bacterial ...
Mohd Ali Norlaily - - 2012
With increasing public health awareness worldwide, demand for functional food with multiple health benefits has also increased. The use of medicinal food from folk medicine to prevent diseases such as diabetes, obesity, and cardiovascular problems is now gaining momentum among the public. Seed from Salvia hispanica L. or more commonly ...
Stevenson Severin E - - 2012
Soybean (Glycinemax) is a hugely valuable soft commodity that generates tens of billions of dollars annually. This value is due in part to the balanced composition of the seed which is roughly 1:2:2 oil, starch, and protein by weight. In turn, the seeds have many uses with various derivatives appearing ...
Park MinHee - - 2012
Isoflavone profiles of a fermented soy food, cheonggukjang, were modified using almond powder. Isoflavones were analyzed by high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) with an ultraviolet detector. Malonyl derivatives of isoflavones decreased and aglycones of isoflavones increased in samples with almond powder for 48 h. As added, almond powder increased from ...
Fotland T Ø - - 2011
Coumarin is a naturally occurring flavouring substance in cinnamon and many other plants. It is known that coumarin can cause liver toxicity in several species, and it is considered a non-genotoxic carcinogen in rodents. By using the bench mark dose approach we re-assessed coumarin toxicity and established a new TDI ...
Messer Anastasia - - 2011
Furocoumarins are phototoxic and photogenotoxic natural constituents occurring in a broad variety of plants used in cosmetics, food, and drugs. Grapefruit juice is considered as a major dietary source of furocoumarins although very few is known about the phototoxic properties of furocoumarins in grapefruit. Here we analyzed the phototoxicity and ...
Biedermann-Brem S - - 2011
POSH are polyolefin oligomeric saturated hydrocarbons, such as oligomers from polyethylene or polypropylene. POSH that have migrated into foods are easily mistaken for mineral oil-saturated hydrocarbons (MOSH). In fact, both POSH and MOSH largely consist of highly isomerised branched and possibly cyclic hydrocarbons, both forming humps of unresolved components in ...
Escribano M - - 2011
From a human safety perspective, the administration of ivermectin to food producing animal species entails potential risks related to the presence of drug residues in edible tissues, milk, and other derived products. The European Medicines Agency has established the maximum residue limits for ivermectin in the European Union, with values ...
Yu Yanxin - - 2011
This paper provides the results of an investigation on dietary intakes and internal doses of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) for non-smoking women from Beijing, China. Concentrations of PAHs were measured using GC/MS for human milk, placenta, and umbilical cord blood samples from 40 non-smoking women and for 144 composite food ...
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