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Results 451 - 500 of 993
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Varga János - - 2010
Ochratoxins are polyketide derived fungal secondary metabolites with nephrotoxic, immunosuppressive, teratogenic, and carcinogenic properties. Ochratoxin-producing fungi may contaminate agricultural products in the field (preharvest spoilage), during storage (postharvest spoilage), or during processing. Ochratoxin contamination of foods and feeds poses a serious health hazard to animals and humans. Several strategies have ...
Veillet Sébastien - - 2010
In the past 10 years, trends in analytical chemistry have turned toward the green chemistry which endeavours to develop new techniques that reduce the influence of chemicals on the environment. The challenge of the green analytical chemistry is to develop techniques that meet the request for information output while reducing ...
Theisen S - - 2010
A reliable and sensitive analysis of sulfites in food is essential in food monitoring. However, the established methods exhibit deficiencies in the very low concentration ranges (below 10 mg/L SO(2)), especially with more complex food matrices. With a focus on these challenges, an HPLC method with immobilized enzyme reactor (HPLC-IMER) ...
Ballin N Z - - 2010
In recent years, interest in meat authenticity has increased. Many consumers are concerned about the meat they eat and accurate labelling is important to inform consumer choice. Authentication methods can be categorised into the areas where fraud is most likely to occur: meat origin, meat substitution, meat processing treatment and ...
Manzano Maria Roberta - - 2010
Conjugated linoleic acids (CLAs) are a group of linoleic acid isomers that are naturally found in food products originating from ruminants (meat and dairy). These acids have received special attention in recent years due to their potential human health benefits. Research efforts have been proposed to increase the CLA content ...
Smiley Tierra - - 2010
This study was designed to develop a simple, noninvasive method for saliva collection: a first step toward developing new diagnostic tests to survey gorillas for infectious diseases. The subjects included free-ranging mountain gorillas (Gorilla beringei beringei) in the Parc National des Volcans, Rwanda, and a group of orphan mountain and ...
Lara Francisco J - - 2010
The present review presents the state of the art of the developments, key strategies and analytical applications of chemiluminescence detection coupled to CE (CE-CL). Different parts considering the most common CL systems have been included, such as the tris(2,2'-bipyridine)ruthenium(II) system, the luminol and derivatives reaction, the peroxyoxalate CL or direct ...
Kim Stacy - - 2010
Community structure and diversity are influenced by patterns of disturbance and input of food. In Antarctica, the marine ecosystem undergoes highly seasonal changes in availability of light and in primary production. Near research stations, organic input from human activities can disturb the regular productivity regime with a consistent input of ...
Vinci Raquel Medeiros - - 2010
Benzene is classified by the IARC as carcinogenic to humans. Several sources may contribute for the occurrence of benzene in foods, such as, environmental contamination and the reaction of benzoate salts with ascorbic acid (naturally present or added as food additives). Matrix effect on benzene recovery (e.g. in fatty foods) ...
Simó Carolina - - 2010
This review article addresses the developments and applications of capillary electromigration methods coupled on-line with MS for chiral analysis. The multiple enantiomeric applications of this hyphenated technology are covered including chiral analysis of drugs, food compounds, pesticides, natural metabolites, etc. in different matrices such as plasma, urine, medicines, foods, etc. ...
Liu Meilin - - 2010
There is an increasing interest by consumers for high quality food products with a specified composition. Suitable analytical techniques are needed for the quality control. Chemiluminescence (CL) detection has become quite a useful tool in the last years due to its simplicity, low cost and high sensitivity. Moreover, no external ...
Samapundo S - - 2011
The major objective of this study was to determine the influence of the initial headspace and dissolved O(2) level and vacuum packaging on growth and diarrhoeal enterotoxin production by Bacillus weihenstephanensis on potato based ready-to-eat food products. In general, the lower the initial headspace or dissolved O(2) level the slower ...
Pérez-Jiménez Jara - - 2010
Considerable information on polyphenol content in foods is scattered in up to 1000 peer-reviewed publications and is therefore not easily exploited. Over 60000 food composition data have been collected from this literature and stored in the new Phenol-Explorer database ( www.phenol-explorer.eu ). Thirty-seven thousand data were selected after evaluation and ...
Jasson Vicky - - 2010
This study provides an overview and criteria for the selection of a method, other than the reference method, for microbial analysis of foods. In a first part an overview of the general characteristics of rapid methods available, both for enumeration and detection, is given with reference to relevant bibliography. Perspectives ...
Chadban Steven - - 2010
Date written: June 2008 Final submission: June 2009.
Milićević Dragan R - - 2010
Mycotoxins are toxic compounds, produced by the secondary metabolism of toxigenic moulds in the Aspergillus, Alternaria, Claviceps, Fusarium, Penicillium and Stachybotrys genera occurring in food and feed commodities both pre- and post-harvest. Adverse human health effects from the consumption of mycotoxins have occurred for many centuries. When ingested, mycotoxins may ...
Caspers Martien P M - - 2011
Failure of food preservation is frequently caused by thermostable spores of members of the Bacillaceae family, which show a wide spectrum of resistance to cleaning and preservation treatments. We constructed and validated a mixed-species genotyping array for 6 Bacillus species, including Bacillus subtilis, Bacillus licheniformis, Bacillus pumilus, Bacillus sporothermodurans, Bacillus ...
Wada Mitsuhiro - - 2011
A semi-micro flow injection analysis (SMFIA) method for evaluation of quenching effect of food additive antioxidants or health foods on peroxynitrite (ONOO(-) ) is described. The injected sample was carried with phosphate buffer containing NaNO(2) , mixed with a trigger solution to generate ONOO(-) and then detected CL generated after ...
Murphy Thomas Brendan - - 2010
Food authenticity studies are concerned with determining if food samples have been correctly labelled or not. Discriminant analysis methods are an integral part of the methodology for food authentication. Motivated by food authenticity applications, a model-based discriminant analysis method that includes variable selection is presented. The discriminant analysis model is ...
Pelaez-Lorenzo Cristina - - 2010
Dairy products can induce allergic reactions even when present at very low levels, such as levels found in involuntary contamination during food manufacturing. beta-Lactoglobulin (betaLG) is the main allergen in cow's milk. The objective of this work was to develop a sensitive method for betaLG detection in baby foods through ...
Ridgway K - - 2010
Taints and off-flavours in foods are a major concern to the food industry. Identification of the compound(s) causing a taint or off-flavour in food and accurate quantification are critical in assessing the potential safety risks of a product or ingredient. Even when the tainting compound(s) are not at a level ...
Tittlemier S A - - 2010
In recent years, two adulteration incidents concerning the addition of melamine (MEL) and related compounds to dairy products and vegetable proteins have occurred in China. These episodes prompted numerous governmental and private laboratories to develop or implement methods for the analysis of a wide variety of food products for MEL ...
C?mara Monta?a - - 2010
In this study a neural network (NN) model was designed to predict lycopene and beta-carotene concentrations in food samples, combined with a simple and fast technique, such as UV-vis spectroscopy. The measurement of the absorbance at 446 and 502 nm of different beta-carotene and lycopene standard mixtures was used to ...
McCown Michael - - 2010
Although many public health articles have been published detailing foodborne illness outbreaks, a medical literature search revealed no articles that detail a case study or a specific response of a deployed U.S. military unit to a potential foodborne illness. This article describes a recent public health case study of a ...
Teerasong Saowapak - - 2010
This work proposes a flow system suitable for the rapid screening of formaldehyde contaminated in food. The system is based on the concept of a flow analyzer with a Hantzsch reaction. An operating procedure was developed for multiple tasking and high sample throughput. This resulted in a significant sample throughput ...
Crofts A V - - 2010
The displaced of Sudan, due to both decades of civil war and natural disasters, are disproportionately female and many are responsible for dependents. For those settling in the capital, Khartoum, their livelihood depends on carving out ways to earn money in an urban area that is experiencing tremendous growth from ...
Brezn? Barbara - - 2010
A qualitative real-time PCR-based method for the detection of the Brazil nut (Bertholletia excelsa) component in food is described. The method consists of DNA isolation by chaotropic SPE and the subsequent PCR with Brazil nut-specific primers and a TaqMan fluorescent probe. The primers and the probe are targeted to the ...
Herrero Miguel - - 2010
The use of capillary electromigration methods to analyze foods and food components is reviewed in this work. Papers that were published during the period April 2007 to March 2009 are included following the previous review by Garc?a-Ca?as and Cifuentes (Electrophoresis, 2008, 29, 294-309). These works include the analysis of amino ...
Chumchal Matthew M - - 2010
Most studies that have examined mercury (Hg) contamination of fish have focused on game species feeding near the top of the food web, while studies that examine forage fish that feed near the base of the food web are rare. We conducted a survey of Hg contamination in three species ...
Henderson Julie - - 2010
Food scares have diminished trust in public institutions to guarantee food safety. Food governance after the food scare era is concerned with institutional independence and transparency leading to a hybrid of public and private sector management and to mechanisms for consumer involvement in food governance. This paper explores Australian consumers' ...
Nakamura Munetomo - - 2010
A highly sensitive gas chromatographic-mass spectrometric (GC-MS) method was developed for dithiocarbamates (DTCs) and milneb in foods. DTCs and milneb were extracted from foods with cysteine-EDTA solution as sodium salts, and methylated with methyl iodide. Methyl derivatives of DTCs and milneb were cleaned up on a neutral alumina mini column ...
Xiao Xing-Long - - 2010
A selective enrichment broth (SVV) was formulated to allow concurrent growth of Salmonella spp., V. parahaemolyticus, and V. cholerae. Potassium tellurite and sodium citrate were added as the inhibitors, while glucose, mannitol, anhydrous sodium sulfite and sodium pyruvate were employed as the growth-promoters. When mixed in equal or varied proportions, ...
Zhang Qing-Hua - - 2010
The aim of the present study was to assess the effect of food on the pharmacokinetics of entecavir (CAS 142217-69-4) from dispersible tablets. In an open-label, two-way crossover study, 12 healthy Chinese volunteers randomly received a single oral dose of 1 mg entecavir dispersible tablets under fasted and fed conditions. ...
Woolnough James W - - 2010
There is inconsistency between current in vitro digestion methods with regard to accommodation of a (salivary) α-amylase exposure during the oral phase. The effect of a salivary α-amylase pre-exposure on subsequent in vitro starch digestion curve profiles for various foods was investigated. Foods were chewed, expectorated and the boluses left ...
Sobolev Anatoly P - - 2010
The 1H-NMR methodology used in the study of genetically modified (GM) foods is discussed. Transgenic lettuce (Lactuca sativa cv "Luxor") over-expressing the ArabidopsisKNAT1 gene is presented as a case study. Twenty-two water-soluble metabolites (amino acids, organic acids, sugars) present in leaves of conventional and GM lettuce were monitored by NMR ...
Cullen Kimberly A KA Partners In Health, 641 Huntington Ave., Boston, MA 02115, - - 2010
Months after a 7.0 magnitude earthquake hit Port-au-Prince, Haiti, over one million remain homeless and living in spontaneous internally displaced person (IDP) camps. Billions of dollars from aid organizations and government agencies have been pledged toward the relief effort, yet many basic human needs, including food, shelter, and sanitation, continue ...
Herv?s Mirian - - 2010
An electrochemical immunosensor involving magnetic beads and disposable carbon screen-printed electrodes (SPEs) for zearalenone (Zea) sensing has been developed and evaluated using a certified reference material (CRM) and selected baby food samples. After the immunochemical reaction, the modified paramagnetic beads were confined by a magnet on surface of SPE platforms ...
Velusamy Vijayalakshmi - - 2010
Food safety is a global health goal and the foodborne diseases take a major crisis on health. Therefore, detection of microbial pathogens in food is the solution to the prevention and recognition of problems related to health and safety. For this reason, a comprehensive literature survey has been carried out ...
Van den Bulcke Marc - - 2010
The detection of genetically modified (GM) materials in food and feed products is a complex multi-step analytical process invoking screening, identification, and often quantification of the genetically modified organisms (GMO) present in a sample. "Combinatory qPCR SYBRGreen screening" (CoSYPS) is a matrix-based approach for determining the presence of GM plant ...
Acebal Carolina C - - 2010
The advantages of the flow-batch methodology were exploited to implement a simple system with nephelometric detection for the determination of monosodium glutamate (MSG) in food samples. The method is based on the inhibitory effect of the MSG over the crystallization of L-lysine in an isopropanol/acetone mixture. The calibration curve was ...
Borromei Chiara - - 2009
With the increased interest in the possible link between fructooligosaccharides (FOS) intake from functional foods and health, the need for reliable data on the individual FOS content of those foods has become very important. In this study a new high-performance anion-exchange chromatography coupled to pulsed amperometric detection (HPAEC-PAD) method is ...
Wang Haiyan - - 2009
A real-time PCR method aimed at the gene sequence of the walnut vicilin-like seed storage protein was established for the detection of the allergen walnut in food. The primers and probe were designed based on published methods. The method provided positive results for walnut and negative results for other tested ...
Benkhedda Karima - - 2009
A method was developed and validated for the extraction and determination of total iodine (I) in food composite samples, representing different foods available on the Canadian market, by inductively coupled plasma-mass spectrometry (ICP-MS). Prior to analysis, samples were digested in a closed microwave system using a mixture of nitric acid ...
Baer Ines - - 2010
This review gives an overview of current knowledge about 3-monochloropropane-1,2-diol (3-MCPD) formation and detection. Although 3-MCPD is often mentioned with regard to soy sauce and acid-hydrolysed vegetable protein (HVP), and much research has been done in that area, the emphasis here is placed on other foods. This contaminant can be ...
Alishahi A - - 2010
The utilization of chemometric methods in the quantitative and qualitative analysis of feeds, foods, medicine and so on has been accompanied with the great evolution in the progress and in the near infrared spectroscopy (NIRS). Hence, recently the application of NIR spectroscopy has extended on the context of genetics and ...
Herv?s Miriam - - 2009
A novel analytical strategy that couples enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) and electrochemical microfluidic chips to determine the mycotoxin zearalenone (ZEA) in baby foods is presented. The analytical cycles for an ultra-fast analysis of the sample and its sequential fast and simplified calibration were performed in about 200 s plus to ...
Gorry Conner - - 2009
A ham and cheese sandwich every day. Fried chicken and pork rinds. White rice, white bread, and few leafy greens. Soft drinks with every meal. When interviewers asked a nationwide sample of Cubans what they ate on a typical day, and what they would put on a daily menu if ...
Zhang Yan - - 2009
17beta-19-nortestosterone (17beta-NT) has been illegally used in antifatigue functional foods to promote muscle growth and improve endurance. A rapid and sensitive solid-phase extraction-enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (SPE-ELISA) method was developed and successfully applied to analyze the levels of 17beta-NT in antifatigue functional foods. A polyclonal antibody against 17beta-NT was produced from ...
McGorrin Robert J - - 2009
Food and agricultural products comprise complex and diverse chemical mixtures that historically have presented challenges for assessing food safety, nutrient content, stability, and sensory qualities. The analysis of food composition has significantly evolved over the past 100 years, progressing from reliance on predominantly "wet chemistry" laboratory methods from the early ...
Herv??s Miriam - - 2009
In this work, electrochemical immunoassay involving magnetic beads to determine zearalenone in selected food samples has been developed. The immunoassay scheme has been based on a direct competitive immunoassay method in which antibody-coated magnetic beads were employed as the immobilisation support and horseradish peroxidase (HRP) was used as enzymatic label. ...
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