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Results 451 - 500 of 1009
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Girma Anteneh - - 2011
Neurolathyrism in Ethiopia is caused by food dependency on grass pea (Lathyrus sativus L.). In the study area, a large proportion of the farmers are growing grass pea since it can withstand harsh environments. Socio-economic factors (poverty; lack of money to buy other food legumes) and environmental problems (such as ...
Appelhans Bradley M BM Department of Preventive Medicine, Rush University Medical Center, 1700 W Van Buren Street, Chicago, IL 60612, USA. - - 2011
Emotional eating appears to contribute to weight gain, but the characteristics that make one vulnerable to emotional eating remain unclear. The present study examined whether two negative affect response styles, rumination and distraction, influenced palatable food intake following an anger mood induction in normal weight and obese adults. We hypothesized ...
Tittlemier Sheryl A - - 2011
Polyfluorinated compounds (PFCs) are a relatively new and diverse set of compounds analyzed as contaminants in food. Their unique physical-chemical properties dictate the methods used for their analysis. Current analyses of the more volatile PFCs involve gas chromatography-mass spectrometry; liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry is generally used for the less volatile ...
Bonerba Elisabetta - - 2010
Patulin is a mycotoxin produced by microscopic fungi belonging to the Penicillium and Aspergillus genera, frequently detectable in moldy fruits and their derivatives fruit products. The EC Regulation 1881/06 has imposed the limit for the presence of patulin equal to 10 μg/kg or 10 μg/L in baby food on the ...
Park Hyeonjin - - 2010
We evaluated and optimized each step in an analytical method for detecting norovirus from various foods. We characterized the buffers needed for eluting norovirus from foods such as ham and lettuce. Two different concentration methods, polyethylene glycol (PEG) precipitation and hollow fiber ultrafiltration (HUF), were compared using both murine norovirus ...
Wang Yueqiu - - 2010
Lincomycin (LIN) is an antibiotic widely used in veterinary medicine to cure infections caused by Gram-positive pathogens. Although the toxicity of LIN is not serious, it will cause adverse effects in humans, such as pseudomembranous enteritis and bacterial resistance. In this study, for the preparation of a LIN derivative, a ...
Patil S - - 2010
  Traditionally, ozone processing within the food industry has focused on solid foods by either gaseous treatment or washing with ozonized water. However, with the FDA's approval of ozone as a direct additive to food, the potential for liquid applications has emerged. This study investigates the effect of ozone processing ...
Luo Yaguang - - 2010
This study investigated the impact of storage temperature and duration on the fate of Escherichia coli O157:H7 on commercially packaged lettuce salads, and on product quality. Fresh-cut Romaine and Iceberg lettuce salads of different commercial brands were obtained from both retail and wholesale stores. The packages were cut open at ...
Sankaran Sindhuja - - 2010
Detection of food-borne bacteria present in the food products is critical to prevent the spread of infectious diseases. Intelligent quality sensors are being developed for detecting bacterial pathogens such as Salmonella in beef. One of our research thrusts was to develop novel sensing materials sensitive to specific indicator alcohols at ...
Wang Weiyu - - 2010
A novel capillary electrophoresis and amperometric detection method was achieved by adding an electroactive additive (3,4-dihydroxybenzylamine, 3,4-DHBA) to the running buffer, so that both electroactive and non-electroactive food preservatives were simultaneously determined. Under the selected optimum conditions, four electroactive preservatives (methylparaben, ethylparaben, propylparaben and butylparaben) and two non-electroactive preservatives (potassium ...
Pavesi Arisseto A - - 2010
Commercial baby food samples available on the Brazilian market (n = 31) were analysed for furan content using a gas chromatography-mass spectrometry method preceded by solid-phase microextraction. A limit of detection of 0.7 microg kg(-1), a limit of quantitation of 2.4 microg kg(-1), mean recoveries varying from 80% to 107%, ...
Frisullo P - - 2010
In this study X-ray microtomography (muCT) was used for analysis of the microstructure of 6 different types of Italian biscuits and 3 types of Italian breadsticks. Appropriate quantitative 3-D parameters describing the microstructure were calculated, such as the structure thickness (ST), the object structure volume ratio (OSVR), the degree of ...
Owen M - - 2010
The aim of this study was to evaluate the TEMPO(®) EB automated most probable number (MPN) system for the enumeration of Enterobacteriaceae in comparison with three standard laboratory methods. Pure cultures were used to determine the sensitivity and specificity of the TEMPO(®) EB test. These studies indicated that Enterobacteriaceae were ...
Pormsila Worapan - - 2010
A CE method with capacitively coupled contactless conductivity detection was developed and tested for the quantification of carnitine in different types of foodstuffs, namely fruit juices, milk, yogurt, cheese, red meat and chicken meat. Sample preparation was minimal as chemical or enzymatic conversion of the analyte is not necessary with ...
Shin Gi Won - - 2010
Rapid and sensitive detection of food-borne pathogens is critical for food safety from the viewpoint of both the public health professionals and the food industry. Conventional method is, however, known to be labor-intensive, time-consuming, and expensive due to the separate cultivation and biochemical assay. Many relevant technologies, such as flow ...
Herrero Miguel - - 2010
This review article addresses the different chiral capillary electrophoretic methods used to study and characterize foods and beverages through the enantiomeric separation of different food compounds such as amino acids, pesticides, polyphenols, etc. This work intends to provide an updated overview on the main applications of such enantioselective procedures together ...
Varga János - - 2010
Ochratoxins are polyketide derived fungal secondary metabolites with nephrotoxic, immunosuppressive, teratogenic, and carcinogenic properties. Ochratoxin-producing fungi may contaminate agricultural products in the field (preharvest spoilage), during storage (postharvest spoilage), or during processing. Ochratoxin contamination of foods and feeds poses a serious health hazard to animals and humans. Several strategies have ...
Veillet Sébastien - - 2010
In the past 10 years, trends in analytical chemistry have turned toward the green chemistry which endeavours to develop new techniques that reduce the influence of chemicals on the environment. The challenge of the green analytical chemistry is to develop techniques that meet the request for information output while reducing ...
Theisen S - - 2010
A reliable and sensitive analysis of sulfites in food is essential in food monitoring. However, the established methods exhibit deficiencies in the very low concentration ranges (below 10 mg/L SO(2)), especially with more complex food matrices. With a focus on these challenges, an HPLC method with immobilized enzyme reactor (HPLC-IMER) ...
Ballin N Z - - 2010
In recent years, interest in meat authenticity has increased. Many consumers are concerned about the meat they eat and accurate labelling is important to inform consumer choice. Authentication methods can be categorised into the areas where fraud is most likely to occur: meat origin, meat substitution, meat processing treatment and ...
Manzano Maria Roberta - - 2010
Conjugated linoleic acids (CLAs) are a group of linoleic acid isomers that are naturally found in food products originating from ruminants (meat and dairy). These acids have received special attention in recent years due to their potential human health benefits. Research efforts have been proposed to increase the CLA content ...
Smiley Tierra - - 2010
This study was designed to develop a simple, noninvasive method for saliva collection: a first step toward developing new diagnostic tests to survey gorillas for infectious diseases. The subjects included free-ranging mountain gorillas (Gorilla beringei beringei) in the Parc National des Volcans, Rwanda, and a group of orphan mountain and ...
Lara Francisco J - - 2010
The present review presents the state of the art of the developments, key strategies and analytical applications of chemiluminescence detection coupled to CE (CE-CL). Different parts considering the most common CL systems have been included, such as the tris(2,2'-bipyridine)ruthenium(II) system, the luminol and derivatives reaction, the peroxyoxalate CL or direct ...
Kim Stacy - - 2010
Community structure and diversity are influenced by patterns of disturbance and input of food. In Antarctica, the marine ecosystem undergoes highly seasonal changes in availability of light and in primary production. Near research stations, organic input from human activities can disturb the regular productivity regime with a consistent input of ...
Vinci Raquel Medeiros - - 2010
Benzene is classified by the IARC as carcinogenic to humans. Several sources may contribute for the occurrence of benzene in foods, such as, environmental contamination and the reaction of benzoate salts with ascorbic acid (naturally present or added as food additives). Matrix effect on benzene recovery (e.g. in fatty foods) ...
Simó Carolina - - 2010
This review article addresses the developments and applications of capillary electromigration methods coupled on-line with MS for chiral analysis. The multiple enantiomeric applications of this hyphenated technology are covered including chiral analysis of drugs, food compounds, pesticides, natural metabolites, etc. in different matrices such as plasma, urine, medicines, foods, etc. ...
Liu Meilin - - 2010
There is an increasing interest by consumers for high quality food products with a specified composition. Suitable analytical techniques are needed for the quality control. Chemiluminescence (CL) detection has become quite a useful tool in the last years due to its simplicity, low cost and high sensitivity. Moreover, no external ...
Samapundo S - - 2011
The major objective of this study was to determine the influence of the initial headspace and dissolved O(2) level and vacuum packaging on growth and diarrhoeal enterotoxin production by Bacillus weihenstephanensis on potato based ready-to-eat food products. In general, the lower the initial headspace or dissolved O(2) level the slower ...
Pérez-Jiménez Jara - - 2010
Considerable information on polyphenol content in foods is scattered in up to 1000 peer-reviewed publications and is therefore not easily exploited. Over 60000 food composition data have been collected from this literature and stored in the new Phenol-Explorer database ( www.phenol-explorer.eu ). Thirty-seven thousand data were selected after evaluation and ...
Jasson Vicky - - 2010
This study provides an overview and criteria for the selection of a method, other than the reference method, for microbial analysis of foods. In a first part an overview of the general characteristics of rapid methods available, both for enumeration and detection, is given with reference to relevant bibliography. Perspectives ...
Chadban Steven - - 2010
Date written: June 2008 Final submission: June 2009.
Milićević Dragan R - - 2010
Mycotoxins are toxic compounds, produced by the secondary metabolism of toxigenic moulds in the Aspergillus, Alternaria, Claviceps, Fusarium, Penicillium and Stachybotrys genera occurring in food and feed commodities both pre- and post-harvest. Adverse human health effects from the consumption of mycotoxins have occurred for many centuries. When ingested, mycotoxins may ...
Caspers Martien P M - - 2011
Failure of food preservation is frequently caused by thermostable spores of members of the Bacillaceae family, which show a wide spectrum of resistance to cleaning and preservation treatments. We constructed and validated a mixed-species genotyping array for 6 Bacillus species, including Bacillus subtilis, Bacillus licheniformis, Bacillus pumilus, Bacillus sporothermodurans, Bacillus ...
Wada Mitsuhiro - - 2011
A semi-micro flow injection analysis (SMFIA) method for evaluation of quenching effect of food additive antioxidants or health foods on peroxynitrite (ONOO(-) ) is described. The injected sample was carried with phosphate buffer containing NaNO(2) , mixed with a trigger solution to generate ONOO(-) and then detected CL generated after ...
Murphy Thomas Brendan - - 2010
Food authenticity studies are concerned with determining if food samples have been correctly labelled or not. Discriminant analysis methods are an integral part of the methodology for food authentication. Motivated by food authenticity applications, a model-based discriminant analysis method that includes variable selection is presented. The discriminant analysis model is ...
Pelaez-Lorenzo Cristina - - 2010
Dairy products can induce allergic reactions even when present at very low levels, such as levels found in involuntary contamination during food manufacturing. beta-Lactoglobulin (betaLG) is the main allergen in cow's milk. The objective of this work was to develop a sensitive method for betaLG detection in baby foods through ...
Ridgway K - - 2010
Taints and off-flavours in foods are a major concern to the food industry. Identification of the compound(s) causing a taint or off-flavour in food and accurate quantification are critical in assessing the potential safety risks of a product or ingredient. Even when the tainting compound(s) are not at a level ...
Tittlemier S A - - 2010
In recent years, two adulteration incidents concerning the addition of melamine (MEL) and related compounds to dairy products and vegetable proteins have occurred in China. These episodes prompted numerous governmental and private laboratories to develop or implement methods for the analysis of a wide variety of food products for MEL ...
C?mara Monta?a - - 2010
In this study a neural network (NN) model was designed to predict lycopene and beta-carotene concentrations in food samples, combined with a simple and fast technique, such as UV-vis spectroscopy. The measurement of the absorbance at 446 and 502 nm of different beta-carotene and lycopene standard mixtures was used to ...
McCown Michael - - 2010
Although many public health articles have been published detailing foodborne illness outbreaks, a medical literature search revealed no articles that detail a case study or a specific response of a deployed U.S. military unit to a potential foodborne illness. This article describes a recent public health case study of a ...
Teerasong Saowapak - - 2010
This work proposes a flow system suitable for the rapid screening of formaldehyde contaminated in food. The system is based on the concept of a flow analyzer with a Hantzsch reaction. An operating procedure was developed for multiple tasking and high sample throughput. This resulted in a significant sample throughput ...
Crofts A V - - 2010
The displaced of Sudan, due to both decades of civil war and natural disasters, are disproportionately female and many are responsible for dependents. For those settling in the capital, Khartoum, their livelihood depends on carving out ways to earn money in an urban area that is experiencing tremendous growth from ...
Brezn? Barbara - - 2010
A qualitative real-time PCR-based method for the detection of the Brazil nut (Bertholletia excelsa) component in food is described. The method consists of DNA isolation by chaotropic SPE and the subsequent PCR with Brazil nut-specific primers and a TaqMan fluorescent probe. The primers and the probe are targeted to the ...
Herrero Miguel - - 2010
The use of capillary electromigration methods to analyze foods and food components is reviewed in this work. Papers that were published during the period April 2007 to March 2009 are included following the previous review by Garc?a-Ca?as and Cifuentes (Electrophoresis, 2008, 29, 294-309). These works include the analysis of amino ...
Chumchal Matthew M - - 2010
Most studies that have examined mercury (Hg) contamination of fish have focused on game species feeding near the top of the food web, while studies that examine forage fish that feed near the base of the food web are rare. We conducted a survey of Hg contamination in three species ...
Henderson Julie - - 2010
Food scares have diminished trust in public institutions to guarantee food safety. Food governance after the food scare era is concerned with institutional independence and transparency leading to a hybrid of public and private sector management and to mechanisms for consumer involvement in food governance. This paper explores Australian consumers' ...
Nakamura Munetomo - - 2010
A highly sensitive gas chromatographic-mass spectrometric (GC-MS) method was developed for dithiocarbamates (DTCs) and milneb in foods. DTCs and milneb were extracted from foods with cysteine-EDTA solution as sodium salts, and methylated with methyl iodide. Methyl derivatives of DTCs and milneb were cleaned up on a neutral alumina mini column ...
Xiao Xing-Long - - 2010
A selective enrichment broth (SVV) was formulated to allow concurrent growth of Salmonella spp., V. parahaemolyticus, and V. cholerae. Potassium tellurite and sodium citrate were added as the inhibitors, while glucose, mannitol, anhydrous sodium sulfite and sodium pyruvate were employed as the growth-promoters. When mixed in equal or varied proportions, ...
Zhang Qing-Hua - - 2010
The aim of the present study was to assess the effect of food on the pharmacokinetics of entecavir (CAS 142217-69-4) from dispersible tablets. In an open-label, two-way crossover study, 12 healthy Chinese volunteers randomly received a single oral dose of 1 mg entecavir dispersible tablets under fasted and fed conditions. ...
Woolnough James W - - 2010
There is inconsistency between current in vitro digestion methods with regard to accommodation of a (salivary) α-amylase exposure during the oral phase. The effect of a salivary α-amylase pre-exposure on subsequent in vitro starch digestion curve profiles for various foods was investigated. Foods were chewed, expectorated and the boluses left ...
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