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Henderson Bonnie An - - 2007
We describe a modification of the original 14C Morcher capsular tension ring. The new ring, the Henderson capsule tension ring (HCTR, Morcher), is an open C-shaped loop made of poly(methyl methacrylate). It has 8 equally spaced indentations of 0.15 mm to improve the ease of removing nuclear and cortical material ...
Gibson Kathleen D - - 2007
Foam sclerotherapy has been refined over the past decade to become a safe and effective treatment for varicose veins and venous insufficiency. Using duplex ultrasound guidance, it can be used to treat large and small varicosities, saphenous trunks, incompetent perforating veins, and venous stasis ulcerations. Serious complications are rare, and ...
Yong Wei Peng - - 2007
The US Food and Drug Administration has recommended changes in the labeling for 6-mercaptopurine, irinotecan, and, most recently, tamoxifen to include pharmacogenetic information on treatment outcome. With the increased availability of pharmacogenetic testing, oncologists are now able to identify individuals at risk for severe treatment toxicity or poor treatment response. ...
Katz Louis - - 2007
BACKGROUND: In October 2005, the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) issued draft guidance on collecting platelets (PLTs) by automated methods. The FDA proposed limiting collections to 24 components, rather than 24 procedures, annually with up to 3 components per procedure. The rationale was from literature suggesting frequent PLT collection ...
Odum Amy L AL Department of Psychology, 2810 Old Main Hill, Utah State University, Logan, UT 84322-2810, USA. - - 2007
People with drug addiction show steeper discounting of drugs of abuse than money. One suggestion is that this effect is related to withdrawal processes in drug dependence. We investigated whether it could be related to the fact that drugs are directly consumable, whereas money is not. We determined whether regular ...
Choi Hyuk - - 2007
Twin Pulse Life Support, T-PLS has received the CE mark (2003) and Korea Food and Drug Administration (KFDA) approval (2004) for short-term application as an Extracorporeal Life Support system (ECLS). T-PLS's original intention was to apply for not only short-term but also long-term application such as Extracorporeal ventricular assist device ...
Yan Yilin - - 2007
To probe the role of side chain dynamics in Abeta aggregation, we studied the methyl dynamics of native Abeta40 and Abeta42 by measuring cross relaxation rates with interleaved data collection. The methyl groups in the C-terminus are in general more rigid in Abeta42 than in Abeta40, consistent with previous results ...
Ross Stephen J - - 2008
Field studies of eyewitness identification are richly confounded. Determining which confounds undermine interpretation is important. The blind administration confound in the Illinois study is said to undermine it's value for understanding the relative utility of simultaneous and sequential lineups. Most criticisms of the Illinois study focus on filler identifications, and ...
Williams Carey A - - 2008
Most herbs and functional foods have not been scientifically tested; this is especially true for the horse. This paper reviews some of the literature pertinent to herbal supplementation in horses and other species. Common supplements like Echinacea, garlic, ginger, ginseng, and yucca are not regulated, and few studies have investigated ...
Tahar Rachida - - 2007
The in vitro activities of fosmidomycin derivatives, chloroquine, and pyrimethamine were assessed by the radioisotopic assay in clinical isolates of Plasmodium falciparum. In a series of experiments with RPMI 1640 medium-10% fetal bovine serum, the geometric mean 50% inhibitory concentrations (IC(50)s) (n = 34) for fosmidomycin and FR900098 were 301 ...
Detert James R - - 2007
The authors studied the effect of 3 modes of managerial influence (managerial oversight, ethical leadership, and abusive supervision) on counterproductivity, which was conceptualized as a unit-level outcome that reflects the existence of a variety of intentional and unintentional harmful employee behaviors in the unit. Counterproductivity was represented by an objective ...
Yang Jeon-Heon - - 2007
Ketorolac tromethamine gel (KT gel) and ketorolac tromethamine gel containing genipin (KTG gel) were prepared and their therapeutic effects on periodontitis were evaluated. The skin permeation rate of ketorolac from the KT gel and KTG gel was 5.75+/-0.53 and 5.82 +/- 0.74 microg/cm2/ h, respectively. The skin permeation rate of ...
Doane John F - - 2007
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: To review the development, design and clinical implications of the first US Food and Drugs Administration approved accommodative lens. To inform the reader of forthcoming accommodative intraocular lens technologies that are being clinically tested and other technologies that are under design. RECENT FINDINGS: We present clinical data ...
Borowicz Kinga K - - 2007
Using the mouse maximal electroshock-induced seizure model, indicative of tonic-clonic seizures in humans, the present study was aimed at characterizing the interaction between remacemide and valproate, carbamazepine, phenytoin, and phenobarbital. Isobolographic analysis indicated additive interactions between remacemide and valproate, carbamazepine, and phenytoin (for all fixed ratios of tested drugs: 1:3, ...
Kuzmiak Cherie M - - 2007
RATIONALE AND OBJECTIVES: We sought to determine which factors affected the decrease in average glandular dose recorded at the annual U.S. Food and Drug Administration Mammography Quality Standards Act inspections of mammography equipment in North Carolina from 2002 through 2005. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Average glandular dose, half-value layer, kVp, equipment ...
Fachinelli C - - 2007
Valproate and carbamazepine (CAR) have been proposed as adjunct alternatives for the control of aggression in psychiatric patients, although no definite conclusions have been reached. We examined the effects of these drugs on food competition offensive aggression and other behaviors in high- and low-aggression food-restricted pigeons. These were divided into ...
Giordano Philip - - 2007
Skin and skin structure infections (SSSI) are an emerging issue in healthcare. They are responsible for increasing heathcare utilization, both in hospitalizations and intravenous antibiotic use. SSSI are caused by an evolving variety of pathogens, including Gram-positive, Gram-negative, and anaerobic bacteria. In combination with mounting resistance patterns, this diverse range ...
Baker Max T - - 2007
Sevoflurane is currently available in the United States from two manufacturers: Ultane (Abbott Laboratories, Inc.) and a generic product, Sevoflurane Inhalation Anesthetic (Baxter Healthcare Corp.). These products are rated therapeutically equivalent by the Food and Drug Administration, but there are some differences. Ultane is made in a single-step synthetic process ...
Sanchez Cecilia P - - 2007
Chloroquine (CQ), an antimalarial drug with a long history, now frequently fails in the field owing to the rapid spread of resistant Plasmodium falciparum strains. CQ resistance is linked to a K76T mutation in PfCRT, a membrane-located food vacuolar protein and member of the drug-metabolite transporter superfamily, but there is ...
Brewster Marcus E - - 2007
Saturated solutions of three test compounds, carbamazepine, griseofulvin and hydrocortisone, were prepared in aqueous buffer (pH 7.4) containing 0, 1, 5 and 10% HPbetaCD. The permeability and flux of the drugs though a PAMPA membrane at different unstirred water layer (UWL) thicknesses was determined. In absence of HPbetaCD, permeability coefficients ...
Burgoon Lyle D - - 2007
The emergence of the microarray data standards, especially the Minimum Information About a Microarray Experiment (MIAME), has spurred several organizations to develop their own standards for a myriad of technologies, including proteomics and metabolomics. These efforts have facilitated the creation of several large-scale gene expression repositories, including the toxicology-focused Chemical ...
Menitove Jay E - - 2007
Transfusion Related Acute Lung Injury, or TRALI, denotes the most frequently reported fatal complication of blood transfusion. TRALI accounted for 34% of transfusion associated mortalities reported to the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) in 2005. TRALI caused more deaths than those attributed to hemolytic reactions following incorrect blood administration or ...
Levitt Jacob - - 2007
Recently, the US Food and Drug Administration proposed a ban on over-the-counter hydroquinone mainly on the basis of high absorption, reports of exogenous ochronosis in humans, and murine hepatic adenomas, renal adenomas, and leukemia with large doses over extended time periods. Systemic exposure to hydroquinone from routine topical application is ...
Tata Despina A - - 2007
AIMS: Methamphetamine is an amphetamine derivative that is abused increasingly world-wide at an alarming rate over the last decade. Pre-clinical and human studies have shown that methamphetamine is neurotoxic to brain dopamine and serotonin. Other lines of study indicate that stress enhances the vulnerability to drug abuse. The purpose of ...
Holowatz Lacy A - - 2007
Reflex cutaneous vasodilatation is dependent on nitric oxide (NO), which is diminished in hypertension (HTN). Arginase may be up-regulated with HTN, which preferentially metabolizes L-arginine (L-arg), competing with NO-synthase (NOS)-mediated pathways and limiting NO synthesis. We hypothesized that NO-dependent vasodilatation would be attenuated in HTN skin, and arginase inhibition (A-I) ...
Taiwo Babafemi O - - 2007
Darunavir (TMC114) is a second-generation, sulfonamide, nonpeptidic protease inhibitor (PI) with a unique, flexible, 3-dimensional structure that contributes to it high potency and slow selection of resistant virus. Darunavir has to be coadministered with low-dose ritonavir and food to optimize its pharmacokinetics. Ritonavir-boosted darunavir is effective in many heavily pretreated ...
Thomas R J - - 2007
By using a combination of radio frequency time-of-arrival and interferometer measurements, we observed a sequence of lightning and electrical activity during one of Mount St. Augustine's eruptions. The observations indicate that the electrical activity had two modes or phases. First, there was an explosive phase in which the ejecta from ...
de Jong N - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Studies on effectiveness of phytosterol/-stanol-enriched margarines in the community have received low priority. For postlaunch monitoring purposes including risk-benefit analyses, it is needed to investigate both exposure and effectiveness of these margarines. OBJECTIVE: To study the use and effectiveness of phytosterol/-stanol-enriched margarine. DESIGN, SETTING AND SUBJECTS: The study population ...
Ahn Min S - - 2007
Among the array of choices for aesthetic soft tissue fillers, Radiesse occupies a unique niche as a safe, easily administered, "semi-permanent" material. Composed of calcium hydroxylapatite in a gel matrix, it has a proven safety profile and has been approved by the US Food and Drug Administration for use in ...
Singh Baljit - - 2007
There is no doubt that fibers, in particular viscous dietary fibers, have positive effects on human health, both in the prevention and in treatment of chronic diseases. Dietary fibers from psyllium have been used extensively both as pharmacological supplements, food ingredients, in processed food to aid weight control, to regulation ...
Redberg Rita F - - 2007
As the volume, complexity, and cost of new medical technology increase, the need for evaluating benefits and risks becomes increasingly important. Once the formal requirements for Food and Drug Administration approval and insurance coverage are met, however, few systematic criteria are applied to ensure patient benefit. A more systematic policy ...
Hughes Nicola C - - 2007
The Third American Association of Pharmaceutical Scientists/Food and Drug Administration Bioanalytical Workshop, held in 2006, reviewed and evaluated current practices and proposed that carryover and contamination be assessed not only during the validation of an assay but also during the application of the method in a study. In this article, ...
DuMez Darin - - 2007
The leflunomide (CAS 75706-12-6) metabolite (LFM) analog alpha-cyano-beta-hydroxy-beta-methyl-N-(2,5-dibromophenyl)-propenamide (LFM-A13, DDE-28, CAS 244240-24-2), is a rationally designed inhibitor of the anti-apoptotic enzyme Bruton's tyrosine kinase (BTK). LFM-A13 is being developed as a novel dual-function anticancer drug with apoptosis-promoting and anti-thrombotic properties. LFM-A13 was prepared under current Good Manufacturing Practice (cGMP) conditions ...
Kim Y-H - - 2007
AIMS: This research aims to investigate the efficiency of two lipolytic enzymes--fungal cutinase and yeast esterase--upon the biodegradation of dihexyl phthalate (DHP). METHOD AND RESULTS: During the enzymatic degradation of DHP dissolved in methanol, several degradation products were detected and their time-course changes were monitored using GC/MS. The DHP-degradation rate ...
Nides Mitchell - - 2007
Clinicians are in a unique position to reduce cardiovascular morbidity and mortality by helping their patients quit smoking. At each visit, clinicians should document smoking status, provide strong and clear advice to quit, and recommend and prescribe pharmacotherapy for patients who are motivated to quit, which can double the odds ...
Rapaport Mark Hyman - - 2007
Antidepressant activity of monoamine oxidase inhibitors (MAOIs) was initially noted in the 1950s, and by the early 1960s, they were a mainstay of antidepressant treatment. Reports of adverse events such as acute hypertensive reactions following the ingestion of certain foods and beverages tempered clinicians' enthusiasm for MAOIs. Introduction of the ...
Laterre Pierre-François - - 2007
Drotecogin alfa (activated; DrotAA) was approved in 2001 by the US Food and Drug Administration for the treatment of patients with severe sepsis who are at high risk for death. The European Agency for the Evaluation of Medical Products also recommended that DrotAA could be administered to patients with severe ...
Dans Leonila F - - 2007
Amoebic dysentery is caused by the protozoan parasite Entamoeba histolytica. It is transmitted in areas where poor sanitation allows contamination of drinking water and food with faeces. In these areas, up to 40% of people with diarrhoea may have amoebic dysentery. METHODS AND OUTCOMES: We conducted a systematic review and ...
Wiener Thomas C TC Houston, Texas 77062, USA. - - 2007
In the spring of 2000, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration issued a ban on the use of Betadine (povidone-iodine; Purdue Frederick, Stamford, Conn.) in association with saline breast implants, because data seemed to indicate a higher rate of implant deflation in association with Betadine. Betadine has been used for ...
Eksi S S Department of Biology, Loyola University Chicago, 6525 N. Sheridan Rd., Chicago, IL 60626, - - 2007
During asexual intraerythrocytic growth, Plasmodium falciparum utilizes hemoglobin obtained from the host red blood cell (RBC) as a nutrient source. Papain-like cysteine proteases, falcipains 2 and 3, have been reported to be involved in hemoglobin digestion and are targets of current antimalarial drug development efforts. However, their expression during gametocytogenesis, ...
Guerrieri Peter - - 2007
PURPOSE: Deliquescence is the process by which a solid undergoes dissolution by sorbing moisture from its surroundings when a characteristic relative humidity, RH0, is reached. For mixtures of two or more deliquescent solids, RH0 will generally be lowered. The goal of this research was to investigate the effect of small ...
Tulp Martin - - 2006
Do certain kinds of food contain pharmacologically active substances in concentrations that are high enough to have druglike effects when consumed? Are biologically active compounds in food indicative of therapeutic value? Is traditional drug development suitable for testing the merits of food? Is it ethical to test food as a ...
Morgan Sarah L - - 2006
Medical foods are a specific category of therapeutic agents created under the Orphan Drug Act of 1988, which separated medical foods from drugs for regulatory purposes. Products in this category share the requirements that they are intended for the nutritional management of a specific disease, are used under the guidance ...
Hastings-Tolsma Marie - - 2006
Essure, a new female sterilization method approved by the US Food and Drug Administration, offers women a new option for controlling fertility. The technique is done without an incision, is hormone-free, and can be performed on an outpatient basis under local anesthesia. There are few or no side effects. It ...
Gounder Ramneek - - 2006
Sakau or Kava is a psychoactive beverage used ceremonially for thousands of years by Pacificans Kava beverage is made from the root of the pepper plant, Piper methysticum. It contains herbal ingredients for reliving anxiety and tension. The Kava's biological effects is due to a mixture of compounds called kava ...
Moskowitz David M - - 2006
Modified ultrafiltration is an important technique to concentrate the patient's circulating blood volume and the residual whole blood in the extracorporeal circuit post-cardiopulmonary bypass. The Hemobag system is a device cleared by the US Food and Drug Administration and represents a novel and safe modification of traditional modified ultrafiltration systems. ...
Krol Silke - - 2006
Immune protection of artificial tissue by means of pancreatic islet microencapsulation is a very ambitious new approach to avoid life-long immune suppression. But the success in the utilization of the alginate-beads with incorporated islets is unfortunately limited. Some of the problems cannot be solved by a two-component system, so polymer ...
Ferretti Mario - - 2006
Polyethylene glycol (PEG) hydrogels show promise as scaffolds for growth factor delivery to enhance cartilage repair. However, methods to control growth factor release in vivo are needed. We have recently shown that in vitro polymer degradation and in vitro growth factor release kinetics can be altered using PEG crosslinked with ...
- - 2006
Novartis Pharmaceuticals tapped publis relations (PR) giant Ketchum earlier this year to spearhead a marketing campaign that would make its new U.S. Food and Drug Administration-approved prescription-based medication, Enablex, stand out among the crowd in over active bladder (OAB) treatment. OAB is a disorder that affects an estimated 33 million ...
Brand Walter - - 2006
The transcellular transport of ingested food ingredients across the intestinal epithelial barrier is an important factor determining bioavailability upon oral intake. This transcellular transport of many chemicals, food ingredients, drugs or toxic compounds over the intestinal epithelium can be highly dependent on the activity of membrane bound ATP binding cassette ...
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