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Sweetman Andrew K AK International Research Institute of Stavanger, Mekjarvik 12, Randaberg 4070, Norway - - 2014
Jellyfish blooms are common in many oceans, and anthropogenic changes appear to have increased their magnitude in some regions. Although mass falls of jellyfish carcasses have been observed recently at the deep seafloor, the dense necrophage aggregations and rapid consumption rates typical for vertebrate carrion have not been documented. This ...
Ceia Filipe R FR Department of Life Sciences, Marine and Environmental Research Centre (IMAR/CMA), University of Coimbra, 3004-517, Coimbra, Portugal, - - 2014
Breeding seabirds are central-place foragers and therefore exploit food resources most intensively nearer their colonies. When nesting aggregations are close to one another density-dependent competition is likely to be high, potentially promoting foraging segregation (i.e. neighbouring colonies may segregate to search for food in different areas). However, little is known ...
Scholliers Peter P Free University of Brussels; FOST (Social and Cultural Food Studies), History Department, Free University of Brussels, Room 5C415a, Pleinlaan 2,1050 Brussels, Belgium - - 2014
In 1856, the mayor of Brussels proposed the establishment of a municipal laboratory with a chemist to analyse food and beverages to restrain fraud. His proposal was accepted and a laboratory - possibly one of the first municipal laboratories in Europe - was set up. The laboratory still exists today. ...
Wong J W Y JW University of Basel, Department of Environmental Sciences, Zoology and Evolution, Basel, - - 2014
Organisms have to allocate limited resources among multiple life-history traits, which can result in physiological trade-offs, and variation in environmental conditions experienced during ontogeny can influence reproduction later in life. Food restriction may lead to an adaptive reallocation of the limited resources among traits as a phenotypically plastic adjustment, or ...
Grimberg S J SJ Department Civil and Environmental Engineering, Clarkson University, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
Single and two-phase operations were compared at mesophilic operating conditions using a digester system consisting of three 5-m(3) reactors treating food waste generated daily within the university campus kitchens. When normalizing the methane production to the daily feedstock characteristics, significantly greater methane was produced during two-phase mesophilic digestion compared to ...
Beukers M H MH 1] Department of Public Health, Academic Medical Centre, Amsterdam, The Netherlands [2] Centre for Nutrition, Prevention and Health Services, National Institute for Public Health and the Environment (RIVM), Bilthoven, The - - 2014
Objectives:Ethnic minorities are often not included in studies of diet and health because of a lack of validated instruments to assess their habitual diets. Given the increased ethnic diversity in many high-income countries, insight into the diets of ethnic minorities is needed for the development of nutritional policies and interventions. ...
González-Ortegón Enrique E School of Ocean Sciences, College of Natural Sciences, Bangor University, Menai Bridge, LL59 5AB, UK; IFAPA Centro El Toruño, Camino Tiro de Pichón s/n, 11500 El Puerto de Santa María, Spain. Electronic address: - - 2014
Few ecotoxicological studies consider the roles of maternal influences and suboptimal environmental conditions when assessing the impact of pollutants on organisms. We studied the combined effects of pharmaceutical compounds, food condition and maternal body size on growth, development, body mass and morphology of larvae of the marine shrimp Palaemon serratus. ...
Sharp David E DE Division of Nutritional Sciences, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY 14853, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
Does the size of a plate influence the serving of all items equally, or does it influence the serving of some foods - such as meat versus vegetables - differently? To examine this question, we used the new method of plate mapping, where people drew a meal on a paper ...
Pryor Gregory S GS Francis Marion University, Florence, South - - 2014
The adaptive tadpole stage allows anurans to exploit food resources in two vastly different environments, and the transition from aquatic larvae to terrestrial carnivores is both dramatic and complex. As seen in many other members of the freshwater aquatic community, the nutritional requirements and characteristic feeding strategies of anuran larvae ...
Smith K L KL School of Physiotherapy and Exercise Science, Curtin University, Perth, WA, - - 2014
Little is known about overweight adolescent dietary consumption patterns, with challenges to collecting meaningful data making it difficult to develop targeted obesity interventions. The present study aimed to examine the timing and consumption of fruit, vegetables and junk food by time of the day and day of the week. Overweight ...
Mori Emiliano E Department of Life Sciences, University of Siena, Via P.A. Mattioli, 4-53100 Siena, Italy. Electronic address: - - 2014
The crested porcupine Hystrix cristata is a large rodent which pairs for life. We studied the space use of 17 female and 9 male radio-tracked porcupines in an evergreen coastal woodland ("macchia", EW) and in an agricultural estate (AE), with special reference to the use of cultivations. Home range sizes ...
Sarepoua Eakrin E Department of Plant Science and Agricultural Resources, Faculty of Agriculture, Khon Kaen University, Khon Kaen 40002, Thailand. Electronic address: - - 2015
Corn silk has been used as a traditional herb in Asia. The objective of this study was to evaluate variability in phytochemicals in corn varieties at three maturity stages of corn silk. Ten vegetable corn varieties were evaluated in a completely randomized design with three replications. Data were recorded for ...
Davidson Terry L TL Center for Behavioral Neuroscience, American University, Washington, DC 20016, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
A recent study has found that obese women (but not men) have difficulty inhibiting food-rewarded, but not money-rewarded, appetitive behaviour, suggesting that obesity is associated with cognitive deficits that could selectively promote food intake, perhaps in a sex-dependent manner.
Andrade Ls L Ecologia e Cultivo de Crustáceos - NEBECC, Departamento de Zoologia, Instituto de Biociências, Universidade Estadual Paulista - UNESP, Botucatu, SP, - - 2014
The structurally diverse rocky shores along the northern coast of the state of São Paulo, Brazil, support a varied fauna and provide refuges for many organisms. Some of these environments allow for extensive microhabitats, among them the sand reefs formed by the polychaete Phragmatopoma lapidosa, which occupy much of this ...
Dixon Helen H Centre for Behavioural Research in Cancer, Cancer Council Victoria, Victoria, Australia. Electronic address: - - 2014
Assess the effect of counter-advertisements on parents' appraisals of unhealthy foods featuring front-of-package promotions (FOPPs). A 2 × 2 × 5 between-subjects Web-based experiment. Parents were randomly shown an advertisement (counter-advertisement challenging FOPP/control advertisement) and then a pair of food products from the same category: an unhealthy product featuring an ...
Kelly Bridget B Early Start Research Institute, School of Health and Society, University of Wollongong, Building 41, Northfields Ave, Wollongong NSW 2522, - - 2014
There is an established link between food promotions and children's food purchase and consumption. Children in developing countries may be more vulnerable to food promotions given the relative novelty of advertising in these markets. This study aimed to determine the scope of television food advertising to children across the Asia-Pacific ...
Yang Yan Y Department of Endocrinology, TongjiHospital, Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan, Hubei, 430030, - - 2014
Repeated administration of the long acting glucagon-like peptide 1 (GLP-1) analog Exendin-4 (EX-4) has been shown to reduce food intake and body weight and do so without a rebound increase in food intake following treatment termination. The current study examines the neural mechanisms underlying these actions. After 6 weeks maintenance ...
Pol Bodetto Sarah S Laboratoire de Neurosciences Cognitives et Adaptatives (LNCA), UMR 7364 CNRS,Université de - - 2014
Cocaine exposure induces changes in the expression of numerous genes, in part through epigenetic modifications. We have initially shown that cocaine increases the expression of the chromatin remodeling protein methyl-CpG binding protein 2 (MeCP2) and characterized the protein phosphatase-1Cβ (PP1Cβ) gene, as repressed by passive i.p. cocaine injections through a ...
Platt Michael M Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Boston University School of Medicine, Boston, - - 2014
Clinical allergy cross-reactivity that is seen with related inhalant allergens or between unrelated inhalant allergens and foods in oral allergy syndrome (OAS) remains poorly understood. The goal of this study is to determine whether clinical cross-reactivity can be identified from primary protein sequences in allergy epitopes and food proteins. High-throughput ...
Imbernon Monica M Department of Physiology, CIMUS, University of Santiago de Compostela-Instituto de Investigación Sanitaria, Santiago de Compostela 15782, Spain ; CIBER Fisiopatología de la Obesidad y Nutrición (CIBERobn), 15706, - - 2014
Krüppel-like factor 4 (KLF4) is a zinc-finger-type transcription factor expressed in a range of tissues that plays multiple functions. We report that hypothalamic KLF4 represents a new transcription factor specifically modulating agouti-related protein (AgRP) expression in vivo. Hypothalamic KLF4 colocalizes with AgRP neurons and is modulated by nutritional status and leptin. ...
Gugusheff J R JR FOODplus Research Centre, School of Agriculture Food and Wine, The University of Adelaide, Adelaide 5064, - - 2014
We have previously reported that the opioid receptor blocker, naloxone, is less effective at reducing palatable food intake in offspring exposed to a maternal cafeteria diet during the perinatal period, implicating a desensitization of the central opioid pathway in the programming of food preferences. The present study aimed to investigate ...
Mazzonetto A C AC Nutrition Post Graduate Program (Programa de Pós-graduação em Nutrição), Nutrition in Foodservice Research Group (Núcleo de Pesquisa de Nutrição em Produção de Refeições - NUPPRE), Federal University of Santa Catarina (Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina - UFSC), Florianópolis, - - 2014
In order to identify children's perceptions about food choices and their behavior as consumers and influencers of food purchases, sixteen focus groups were conducted with seventy-one students aged 8-10. Transcriptions were submitted to lexical analysis using the Alceste software. The initial contextual unit broke down into 1,469 elementary contextual units, ...
Williams Lauren K - - 2014
Despite strong empirical support for the association between perceived food affordability and dietary intake amongst families with a lower socioeconomic position (SEP), there is limited evidence of the most effective strategies for promoting more positive perceptions of healthy food affordability among this group. This paper reports findings from a pilot ...
Pleitner Aaron M AM Food Science Department, College of Agriculture, Purdue University, West Lafayette, - - 2014
Significant foodborne disease outbreaks have occurred from consumption of ready-to-eat foods, including produce, contaminated with Listeria monocytogenes. Challenging food matrices with limited processing steps post-harvest to reduce pathogen loads (e.g., cantaloupe, sprouts) have underscored a need for new mitigation strategies. Chlorine dioxide (ClO2) is increasingly being used in produce and ...
Adazabra Aaron N AN Department of Applied Physics, Faculty of Applied Sciences, University for Development Studies P. O. Box 24, Navrongo, Ghana ; National Nuclear Research Institute, Ghana Atomic Energy Commission P. O. Box LG 80, Legon, Accra, - - 2014
Instrumental neutron activation analysis using the single-comparator method has been used for the multielement determination of essential elements in two main types of Pito brewed locally in Ghana. The precision and accuracy of the analytical method was validated and found to be within 10%. In all, eight different brands of ...
Zhao Yunlong Y State Key Laboratory for Biocontrol/Institute of Entomology, Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou, 510275, - - 2014
Neoseiulus cucumeris (Oudemans) (Acari: Phytoseiidae) is one of the most widely used and important biological control agents for thrips and other small pests worldwide. In the present study, we cloned two cDNAs of vitellogenins (Vgs, NcVg1 and NcVg2) and analyzed the effect of food source on the expression of both ...
Boeckler G Andreas GA Max Planck Institute for Chemical Ecology, Department of Biochemistry, Hans-Knöll Strasse 8, 07745, Jena, - - 2014
Transgenic hybrid aspen (Populus tremula x tremuloides) overexpressing the MYB134 tannin regulatory gene show dramatically enhanced condensed tannin (proanthocyanidin) levels, as well as shifts in other phenolic metabolites. A series of insect bioassays with forest tent caterpillars (Malacosoma disstria) and gypsy moth (Lymantria dispar) caterpillars was carried out to determine ...
Maroteaux Matthieu M Inserm UMR-S 839, Paris, France ; Université Pierre et Marie Curie, Paris, France ; Institut du Fer à Moulin, Paris, - - 2014
Gene transcription is essential for learning, but the precise role of transcription factors that control expression of many other genes in specific learning paradigms is yet poorly understood. Zif268 (Krox24/Egr-1) is a transcription factor and an immediate-early gene associated with memory consolidation and reconsolidation, and induced in the striatum after ...
Jenkin G G Health Promotion and Policy Research Unit, Department of Public Health, University of Otago, Wellington, New - - 2014
The ubiquitous marketing of energy-dense, nutrient-poor food and beverages is a key modifiable influence on childhood dietary patterns and obesity. Much of the research on television food advertising is focused on identifying and quantifying unhealthy food marketing with comparatively few studies examining persuasive marketing techniques to promote unhealthy food to ...
Torjusen Hanne H National Institute for Consumer Research (SIFO), Oslo, Norway Division of Environmental Medicine, Norwegian Institute of Public Health, Oslo, - - 2014
Little is known about the potential health effects of eating organic food either in the general population or during pregnancy. The aim of this study was to examine associations between organic food consumption during pregnancy and the risk of pre-eclampsia among nulliparous Norwegian women. Prospective cohort study. Norway, years 2002-2008. ...
Rodríguez-Suárez Cristina C Instituto de Agricultura Sostenible (IAS), CSIC, Apdo. 4084, 14080, Córdoba, Spain, - - 2013
Carotenoid rich diets have been associated with lower risk of certain diseases. The great importance of cereals in human diet has directed breeding programs towards carotenoid enhancement to alleviate these deficiencies in developing countries and to offer new functional foods in the developed ones. The new cereal tritordeum (×Tritordeum Ascherson ...
Fish Caitlin A - - 2013
Minority families often reside in neighborhoods with few supermarkets or alternative healthy food options (e.g., farmers markets, community gardens), making fresh produce difficult to obtain. This qualitative study identified factors influencing fruit and vegetable shopping and use of alternative healthy food options. Forty-eight minority women with children completed interviews regarding ...
Rangan A - - 2013
Misreporting is common when collecting dietary intake data, although relatively little is known about the types of foods misreported among children. The present study aimed to identify differences in the reporting of food types between plausible and misreporters of energy intake in a national nutrition survey of Australian children. Dietary ...
Silveira Patrícia Pelufo PP Department of Psychiatry and Neurology, McGill University, Douglas Mental Health University Institute, Canada; Departamento de Pediatria, Faculdade de Medicina, Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul Ramiro Barcelos, 2350 Largo Eduardo Zaccaro Faraco, 90035-903 Porto Alegre, RS, Brazil. Electronic address: - - 2014
Studies in adults show associations between the hypofunctional seven-repeat allele (7R) of the dopamine-4 receptor gene (DRD4), increased eating behaviour and/or obesity, particularly in females. We examined whether 7R is associated with total caloric intake and/or food choices in pre-schoolers. 150 four-year-old children taking part in a birth cohort study ...
Giorio Giovanni - - 2013
Lutein is becoming increasingly important in preventive medicine due to its possible role in maintaining good vision and in preventing age-related maculopathy. Average daily lutein intake in developed countries is often below suggested daily consumption levels, and lutein supplementation could be beneficial. Lutein is also valuable in the food and ...
Nederkoorn Chantal - - 2013
Objective: Several environmental factors contribute to increased food consumption and play a role in the prevalence of obesity, like portion size, accessibility and relative price of high caloric foods, food commercials and sales promotions. However, not everyone seems equally sensitive to these environmental cues and both obesity and impulsivity appears ...
Kelly B - - 2013
Food and non-alcoholic beverage marketing is recognized as an important factor influencing food choices related to non-communicable diseases. The monitoring of populations' exposure to food and non-alcoholic beverage promotions, and the content of these promotions, is necessary to generate evidence to understand the extent of the problem, and to determine ...
Nizame Fosiul A - - 2013
Enteric diseases are often caused by poor hygiene and can contribute to stunting. From 50 randomly selected villages in Bangladesh, we collected quantitative and qualitative data on handwashing linked to child feeding to integrate handwashing promotion into a young child complementary feeding program. Most participants stated that the community knew ...
Jaime Patricia Constante - - 2013
Obesity prevalence in the Brazilian adult population is 12.5 percent among men and 16.9 percent among women. Obesity control has been a subject of concern in Brazilian health policies since the publication of the National Food and Nutrition Policy (NFNP) in 1999. The initiatives include a comprehensive national intersectorial plan ...
Nackers Lisa M - - 2013
To determine the extent to which the presence and accessibility of healthful and less healthful foods in children's homes vary with level of food security. A total of 41 parents or primary caregivers who had at least 1 child ages 2-13 and resided in a low-income area with limited food ...
Faber Mieke - - 2013
To assess the school food environment in terms of breakfast consumption, school meals, learners' lunch box, school vending and classroom activities related to nutrition. Cross-sectional survey. Ninety purposively selected poorly resourced schools in South Africa. Questionnaires were completed by school principals (n 85), school feeding coordinators (n 77), food handlers ...
Glickman Dan - - 2013
Congress has an opportunity to repair the disconnect between federal agriculture policy and efforts to promote healthy dietary choices.
Dunn I C - - 2013
The central melanocortin system is conserved across vertebrates. However, in birds, little is known about how energy balance influences orexigenic agouti-related protein (AGRP) and anorexigenic pro-opiomelanocortin (POMC) expression, despite the fact that commercial food restriction is critical to the efficient production of poultry meat. To enable contrasts to be made, ...
Vora Mehul M Department of Molecular Biology and Biochemistry, Nelson Biological Laboratories, Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey, Piscataway, New Jersey, United States of - - 2013
Caloric/dietary restriction (CR/DR) can promote longevity and protect against age-associated disease across species. The molecular mechanisms coordinating food intake with health-promoting metabolism are thus of significant medical interest. We report that conserved Caenorhabditis elegans microRNA-80 (mir-80) is a major regulator of the DR state. mir-80 deletion confers system-wide healthy aging, ...
Wang Fei F Departments of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine, University of Cincinnati, Cincinnati, OH, - - 2013
Rodent apoA-IV is expressed predominantly in small intestine and also expressed to a small extent in liver and hypothalamus. ApoA-IV has been shown to inhibit food intake in rats when injected centrally. In the current study, we hypothesize that a specific sequence within rat apoA-IV is responsible for mediating the ...
Williams Tim D - - 2013
Male European flounder (Platichthys flesus) were exposed to a technical mixture of brominated diphenyl ethers (PDBEs, DE-71, Pentamix) that had been purified to remove contaminating dioxins. Controls were exposed to carrier solvent alone. Fish were exposed to decadally increasing concentrations of Pentamix via both sediment and spiked food. The GENIPOL ...
Lodolce Megan E - - 2013
Marketing that targets children with energy-dense, nutrient-poor foods is a likely contributor to the childhood obesity crisis. High-sugar ready-to-eat cereals are the packaged food most frequently promoted in child-targeted food advertising on television. The authors combined content analysis of product nutritional quality and messages presented in cereal television advertisements with ...
Pitts A - - 2013
'Marketing messages' are the themes used in advertisements to promote products. We explored the frequency of different marketing messages used in food and alcohol advertisements in UK women's magazines and associations with the type and nutritional content of products promoted. All advertisements for food and alcohol in 108 issues of ...
Castonguay Jessica - - 2013
To determine the nutritional quality of foods advertised with familiar children's characters and health-related messages. Children's programming aired on the most popular broadcast and cable channels during 2011 was sampled to form a composite weekday and weekend day. All food advertisements (ads) included in this programming were content analyzed. Five ...
Vizzini Salvatrice - - 2013
Trace element accumulation is particularly important in coastal and transitional environments, which act as contaminant buffers between the continental and marine systems. We compared trace element transfer to the biota in two locations with different open-sea exposures in a semi-enclosed marine coastal area (Stagnone di Marsala, Sicily, Italy) using isotopically ...
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