Search Results
Results 401 - 450 of 657
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Iacoviello Licia - - 2008
The border between health and disease is often set by a complex equilibrium between two elements, genetics on one hand, lifestyle on the other, To know it better, means to give new weapons, often crucial, in the hands of the doctors and their patients. It also means to adjust therapies, ...
Liguori Gennaro - - 2008
A young man with a previous history of episodes of mild solid food dysphagia was admitted with a total dysphagia. The esophagogastroduodenoscopy (EGDS) showed an extensive disruption of mucosal layer with a cul-de-sac in the lower part of the esophagus. Soon after the procedure, the patient suffered from an acute ...
Siddiqui Ali Ahmed - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Acute esophageal food impaction (EFI) may be treated by endoscopic extraction of the food bolus either en bloc or in a piecemeal fashion. We have found this endoscopic extraction technique to be unsatisfactory. OBJECTIVE: Our purpose was to demonstrate the use of through-the-scope (TTS), wire-guided esophageal balloon dilation to ...
Fox Victor L - - 2008
Eosinophilic esophagitis is a condition characterized by a dense infiltration of eosinophils within the epithelium that may extend into the deeper layers of the esophagus associated with distinctive endoscopic changes. The changes are frequently found in patients who have hypersensitivity to various foods and aeroallergens but overlap exists with gastroesophageal ...
Francalanci Paola - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Esophageal diseases are common in infants and children, and may present with several clinical and pathological aspects. Eosinophilic esophagitis (EE) is characterized by inflammatory, predominantly eosinophilic infiltrate (> or =15 eosinophils per high-power field (HPF)) that is not responsive to acid suppression therapy. An immunoallergic pathogenesis has been hypothesized, ...
Chehade Mirna - - 2008
Eosinophilic esophagitis (EE) is an inflammatory disease of the esophagus characterized by eosinophilic infiltration of the esophageal mucosa. Symptoms of EE are variable, and include gastroesophageal reflux symptoms, abdominal pain, growth failure, and dysphagia. Dysphagia is a more common presentation in adults and older children. Serious complications of EE consisting ...
Smulders Frans J M - - 2008
Zoonoses are diseases that are transmitted naturally between animals and humans. The control of food-borne zoonoses within the European Union is a prerequisite for assuring a functional internal market and consequently represents an important item on the political agenda. Unfortunately, until recently, gaining a clear view of the current incidence ...
Juchems Markus S - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Strongyloidiasis is a rare helminthic infection in Europe, and it may cause duodenal obstruction. METHODS: We report a patient who was admitted to our Medical Department with nausea and repeated vomiting since 10 years until food intake became impossible. Subsequent investigations revealed a duodenal obstruction at the upper third ...
Spergel Jonathan M - - 2008
Eosinophilic esophagitis has been increasingly described in pediatric and adult literature. Several pediatric studies have indicated that food allergies are responsible for more than 90% of pediatric cases. There are three different dietary approaches to the management of eosinophilic esophagitis: (1) the elemental diet, (2) the removal of foods based ...
Calvo M M - - 2008
Tomato industries yield a high amount of by-products mainly tomato peel and seeds. Since tomato peel is rich in lycopene, the direct addition of peel to food products could be a way to use this by-product to obtain a new products enriched in lycopene. This work describes experiments performed to ...
Coma Véronique - - 2008
To prevent the development and spread of spoilage and pathogenic microorganisms via meat foodstuffs, antimicrobial packaging materials could be a potential alternative solution. Instead of mixing antimicrobial compounds directly with food, incorporating them in films allows the functional effect at the food surface - where the microbial growth is mostly ...
Thompson Cheryl L - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: The incidence of esophageal adenocarcinoma is on the rise in the United States. In this ecological study using the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER) program (1973-2001) and national food consumption data (1909-1997), we evaluated the correlation between secular trends of dietary macronutrient intakes and esophageal cancer rates. METHODS: ...
van Tonder Izanne - - 2007
This paper presents data on personal- and general-hygiene knowledge and practices among food handlers in the delicatessens of a major retail group in the Western Cape in South Africa. Food handlers were interviewed by means of a structured questionnaire. Although the majority of food handlers adhered to basic hygiene principles, ...
de Oliveira Ribeiro Ciro Alberto - - 2008
Mercury and more specifically methylmercury have been reported as hazardous environmental pollutants able to accumulate along the aquatic food chain with severe risk for animal and human health. Adult male zebrafish (Danio rerio) were distributed in two groups: a control group (fed with uncontaminated food) and a MeHg-contaminated group (fed ...
Hugas Marta - - 2008
Various intervention strategies to control foodborne pathogens have been identified and applied through the whole food chain. Physical, chemical, biological treatments applied alone or in combination have been studied and proved to reduce the number and the prevalence of bacterial contamination of meat surfaces such as carcasses. The various treatments ...
Engel M A - - 2008
We describe the first detailed case of eosinophilic esophagitis associated with esophageal intramural pseudodiverticulosis and gastro-esophageal reflux disease in a 24-year-old man, who suffered from recurrent dysphagia since the age of 3 years. He presented with symptoms of dysphagia, food impaction and malnutrition. An esophagogram revealed a high-grade stenosis in ...
Aymerich T - - 2008
Consumers demand high quality, natural, nutritious, fresh appearance and convenient meat products with natural flavour and taste and an extended shelf-life. To match all these demands without compromising safety, in the last decades alternative non-thermal preservation technologies such as HHP, irradiation, light pulses, natural biopreservatives together with active packaging have ...
Sebranek Joseph G - - 2007
The growing popularity of food products marketed in the United States as "natural" and "organic" has resulted in a proliferation of marketing efforts to meet consumer demands for these foods. Because natural and organic foods are not permitted to use chemical preservatives, the traditional curing agents used for cured meats, ...
Smith Cass R - - 2007
Food impaction in patients with eosinophilic esophagitis is being recognized increasingly. Retrieval of impacted food may be necessary if it does not resolve spontaneously. The present report describes a new technique for removal of friable impacted food from the esophagus using a modified version of the Saeed banding device. With ...
Kerlin Paul - - 2007
BACKGROUND AND GOALS: Acute food bolus impaction is a common emergency in gastrointestinal practice. Management previously used the endoscope with an overtube to allow retrieval of the bolus per os. The push technique using air insufflation and gentle pressure on the bolus provides an alternative approach. Esophageal mucosal biopsy at ...
Hwang Jin-Bok - - 2007
The clinicopathological findings in previous studies concerning food protein-induced proctocolitis (FPIPC) are quite diverse in terms of results and conclusions. The aim of this study was to suggest advanced clinicopathological diagnostic criteria that facilitate the early confirmation of FPIPC. Data of 38 FPIPC patients, who had received sigmoidoscopy and biopsy, ...
Koskenvuo Juha W - - 2007
Normal values of extra-esophageal reflux are difficult to determine owing to variation in the location of the proximal electrode, limited information on the ingestion of acidic food, different exclusion periods for meals, and poor reproducibility of measurement of extra-esophageal reflux. We studied whether ambulatory esophageal pH testing is disturbed by ...
Sanches Silva A - - 2007
One of the main concerns regarding safety of food packaging is the possible migration of chemical substances (monomers and other starting substances, additives, residues) from food contact materials into foods. To evaluate the effect of the fat content and of the temperature of storage on the migration from plastics packaging ...
Shintu L - - 2007
The complexity of meat composition and the requirement of high analytical rates to prevent frauds and, in general, to assess food quality are stimuli to find analytical methods able to detect appropriate indicators of a given quality. We present here an evaluation of 1D (1)H HR-MAS NMR spectroscopy for the ...
Konieczny P - - 2007
Properties of snack foods from comminuted, seasoned beef, dried under laboratory conditions at a temperature of 55±2°C were analyzed in this study. Samples were collected after 3, 4, 5, 6 and 7h of drying. The jerky products were evaluated by selected physicochemical and sensory methods. A significant influence of thermal ...
Boeckxstaens G E E - - 2007
Achalasia is a rare motor disorder of the oesophagus, characterised by the absence of peristalsis and impaired swallow-induced relaxation. These motor abnormalities result in stasis of ingested food in the oesophagus, leading to clinical symptoms, such as dysphagia, regurgitation of food, retrosternal pain and weight loss. Although it is well ...
Trülzsch Konrad - - 2007
Yersinia enterocolitica is one of the most common causes of food borne gastrointestinal disease. After oral uptake yersiniae replicate in the small intestine, invade Peyer's patches of the distal ileum and disseminate to spleen and liver. In these tissues and organs yersiniae replicate extracellularly and form exclusively monoclonal microabscesses. Only ...
Plaza-Martín A M - - 2007
There are few studies on eosinophilic esophagitis (EE) in the pediatric population in Europe. We present our data and emphasize the following findings: a) all patients had symptoms of allergic respiratory disease prior to receiving a diagnosis of EE with polysensitization (aeroallergens, food allergens); and b) in contrast with the ...
Pasha Shabana F - - 2006
Eosinophilic esophagitis (EE) is an inflammatory disorder of the esophagus that affects both children and adults, and is different from gastro-esophageal reflux disease. The immunopathogenesis of EE involves an allergic response to environmental and food allergens, and the proinflammatory cytokines IL-5 and IL-13. EE may be associated with atopic disorders ...
Bredenoord A J - - 2006
Some transient lower oesophageal sphincter relaxations (TLOSRs) are accompanied by gastro-oesophageal reflux and others are not. We aimed to investigate what factors determine the occurrence and type of reflux during TLOSRs. In 12 healthy subjects prolonged high-resolution manometry was performed. Reflux was detected using pH-impedance monitoring. A total of 219 ...
Al-Haddad Mohammad - - 2006
We sought to evaluate our experience with glucagon used in the emergency department setting to relieve esophageal food impaction (EFI). We reviewed the records of patients with food impaction who received glucagon between January 1998 and May 2003 and recorded patient demographics, medical history, symptoms following glucagon administration, and endoscopic ...
Steenhagen Elles - - 2006
Data on food intolerance after ileal pouch-anal anastomosis are scarce. The aim of this study was to identify foods causing intolerance and to determine the nature and severity of reported symptoms. Patients from the Dutch Crohn's and Ulcerative Colitis Association were mailed a survey on food intolerance; 105 (31% men) ...
Macksey Lynn - - 2006
This case report describes an 11-year-old boy with a known esophageal bezoar admitted to surgery for esophagogas-troduodenoscopy with biopsy and possible removal of the bezoar. On induction, a copious amount of fluid and solid food particulate was noted in the posterior oropharynx, interfering with immediate intubation. After clearing of the ...
Furuta G T - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Eosinophilic oesophagitis is a clinicopathological disease affecting both children and adults that is characterized by symptoms of gastro-oesophageal reflux disease (feeding refusal, vomiting, heartburn, dysphagia and food impaction) and dense oesophageal eosinophilia both of which are unresponsive to proton pump inhibition. AIM: To present a review of the recent ...
Katzka David A - - 2006
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Eosinophilic esophagitis is a new disease commonly confused with gastroesophageal reflux disease. Because of different treatments, recognition of eosinophilic esophagitis is important. RECENT FINDINGS: Recent work further characterizes the allergic response, demonstrating a population of eosinophils different from gut and blood that specifically homes to the esophagus ...
Sethuraman G - - 2006
In this report we describe a rare association of pachydermoperiostosis with protein-losing enteropathy (PLE) in a family of three brothers. The first brother had the complete form of pachydermoperiostosis along with PLE. The second brother had the 'forme fruste' of pachydermoperiostosis, with minimal skin changes, bony abnormalities and PLE, which ...
Lam Y Y - - 2006
An 81-year-old Chinese woman presented with a 1-week history of increasing facial puffiness. She had 2:1 second-degree heart block and a permanent pacemaker that had been inserted 3 years previously because of syncopal episodes. Physical examination revealed facial plethora, dilated upper trunk veins, and oedematous upper limbs suggestive of superior ...
Belcher J N - - 2006
Packaging companies must carefully monitor retail and consumer trends to best utilize, direct, or prioritize their research dollars in developing packaging and packaging systems to meet these demands. This paper reviews packaging developments that are resulting from numerous trends taking place in the meat industry and in the retail sector. ...
Cutter Catherine Nettles - - 2006
It has been well documented that vacuum or modified atmosphere packaging materials, made from polyethylene- or other plastic-based materials, have been found to improve the stability and safety of raw or further processed muscle foods. However, recent research developments have demonstrated the feasibility, utilization, and commercial application of a variety ...
Kerry J P - - 2006
Interest in the use of active and intelligent packaging systems for meat and meat products has increased in recent years. Active packaging refers to the incorporation of additives into packaging systems with the aim of maintaining or extending meat product quality and shelf-life. Active packaging systems discussed include oxygen scavengers, ...
Duffy Geraldine - - 2006
Since Escherichia coli O157:H7 first emerged as a food borne pathogen in the mid 1980s, it has been linked to many cases of food poisoning across the world. While multiple sources and routes of transmission for this pathogen are now recognised, beef and beef products remain an important vehicle of ...
Monsbakken K W - - 2006
OBJECTIVES: This study estimates the prevalence of perceived food intolerance and its consequences in subjects with irritable bowel syndrome (IBS), evaluates the utility of common tests for food intolerance, studies the relation between perceived food intolerance and other disorders, and discusses the etiology. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. SETTING: National health survey. ...
Yan Brian M - - 2006
BACKGROUND: A 40-year-old white male with atopy presented to our department in March 2004 with a history of chronic heartburn and solid-food dysphagia since 1994. The patient was taking on-demand salbutamol for asthma and ranitidine for mild heartburn, occurring less than once per week. Eight years previously, he had undergone ...
Yan Brian-M BM UCMC Health Sciences Centre, Division of Gastroenterology, Faculty of Medicine, University of Calgary, 3330 Hospital Drive NW, Calgary, Alberta, T2N-4N1, - - 2006
Eosinophilic esophagitis has rapidly become a recognized entity causing dysphagia in young adults. This review summarizes the current knowledge of eosinophilic esophagitis including the epidemiology, clinical presentation, diagnostic criteria, pathophysiology, treatment, and prognosis. An extensive search of PubMed/Medline (1966-December 2005) for available English literature in humans for eosinophilic esophagitis was ...
Fatimi Saulat Hasnain - - 2006
Esophageal perforation remains an important thoracic emergency. Aggressive operative therapy remains the mainstay for treatment. A case of esophageal perforation, consequent upon impacted food bolus, is presented. An 80 years old female, with multiple comorbidities, presented with dysphagia and right sided chest pain, who had a distal esophageal tear, secondary ...
Yamamoto Hironori - - 2006
The history of the double-balloon endoscope from conception to development and practical application has been described. The theory itself is quite simple, and there were opinions doubting its practicality at the early stage of development.Double-balloon endoscopes, however, are commercially available now. They have been used widely, and their usefulness has ...
Liacouras Chris A - - 2006
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Eosinophilic esophagitis is an isolated, eosinophilic inflammation of the esophagus. The symptoms are often confused for those of gastroesophageal reflux. Over the past few years, there has been a significant increase in the literature surrounding eosinophilic esophagitis as more than two-thirds of the articles written on the ...
Iacono Giuseppe - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Chronic constipation in children can be caused by cows' milk intolerance (CMI), but its pathogenesis is unknown. AIMS: To evaluate the histology and manometry pattern in patients with food intolerance-related constipation. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Thirty-six consecutive children with chronic constipation were enrolled. All underwent an elimination diet and successive ...
Cortés Carmen - - 2006
This study was designed to investigate the occurrence of Salmonella spp and Campylobacter spp in faeces samples from 222 healthy Murciano-Granadina dairy goats reared on 12 farms in Spain and in samples of bulk tank milk from 11 of those herds. Neither Salmonella spp nor Campylobacter spp were isolated from ...
Leeuwenburgh Ivonne - - 2006
Achalasia is a motility disorder of the oesophagus of unknown origin in which loss of relaxation of the lower oesophageal sphincter (LOS) and aperistalsis in the distal oesophagus leads to functional oesophageal obstruction. The treatment is symptomatic, aimed at lowering of the LOS pressure, and may be accompanied by various ...
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