Search Results
Results 401 - 450 of 677
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Bonis Peter A L - - 2009
The cause of eosinophilic esophagitis remains unknown, but its epidemiology and clinical features provide pieces to the puzzle. Eosinophilic esophagitis probably emerged in the 1950s or early 1960s, has an increasing incidence, occurs in most developed countries, is related to food allergies, affects adults and children, has a strong male ...
Palmieri Luisa - - 2009
Food product authentication provides a means of monitoring and identifying products for consumer protection and regulatory compliance. There is a scarcity of analytical methods for confirming the identity of fruit pulp in products containing Soft Fruit. In the present work we have developed a very sensible qualitative and quantitative method ...
Carvalho Roberta Villas Boas - - 2010
The aims of this study are to investigate dietary factors, food intolerance, and the body mass index data, as an indicator of nutritional status, in functional dyspepsia patients. Forty-one functional dyspepsia patients and 30 healthy volunteers answered a standardized questionnaire to identify eating habits and food intolerance, and then completed ...
Furuta Glenn T - - 2009
Eosinophilic esophagitis is a clinicopathological disease characterized by GERD-like symptoms, food impaction and dysphagia that occur with the histological finding of dense esophageal eosinophilia. Endoscopic features include linear furrows, white exudate and longitudinal shearing. Current concepts regarding the pathophysiology relate to a food allergen-induced overexpression of eosinophil-related cytokines including Il-5, ...
Heine Ralf G - - 2009
Over the past decade, there has been a significant increase in the number of children and adults with eosinophilic esophagitis (EE). This recently recognized form of chronic pan-esophagitis is characterized by dense eosinophilic infiltration of the esophageal mucosa. EE is closely associated with male gender and allergic disorders, such as ...
Abbara Aula - - 2009
An 80-year-old Caucasian woman presented with a 3-week history of painless jaundice, pruritis, dark urine and weight loss. Blood analysis demonstrated an obstructive jaundice pattern. A CT scan demonstrated a gas-filled duodenal diverticulum arising from the second part of the duodenum. Once food material was cleared from the diverticulum endoscopically, ...
Chen Chien-Lin - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Secondary peristalsis is important for the clearance of retained refluxate or material from the oesophagus. Combined impedance and manometry can directly detect both oesophageal contraction and bolus transit. AIM: To apply combined impedance and manometry to characterize oesophageal bolus transit and clearance by secondary peristalsis in healthy individuals. METHODS: ...
Chen Yu-Hsin - - 2008
The most common esophageal foreign body in adults is impacted food bolus. Polypectomy snares, Dormia baskets, retrieval nets, rat-tooth forceps, alligator forceps or polyp graspers are usually used to remove it. Here, we report the case of a 78-year-old woman whose esophagogastroduodenoscopy (EGD) showed a firm goose liver impacted tightly ...
Rajagopalan Jaishree - - 2009
Distal esophageal or Schatzki's rings are a common cause of intermittent solid food dysphagia requiring endoscopic dilation for relief. Similarly, eosinophilic esophagitis (EE) is a rapidly emerging disease in both children and young adults, and manifests as dysphagia to solids and/or episodic food bolus impaction. Endoscopic findings vary considerably among ...
Schalinski Sarah - - 2009
Achalasia is a neurodegenerative condition characterized by esophageal dysmotility and megaesophagus. Two cases are reported that demonstrate unexpected deaths associated with previously unsuspected achalasia. Case 1: A 66-year-old woman was found dead at her home. At autopsy significant stenosing coronary artery atherosclerosis was found with cardiac failure. In addition, a ...
Khurana Sumeeta - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Intestinal infection is still an important public health problem in developing countries like India. Food handlers may be infected by a wide range of enteropathogens and have been implicated in the transmission of many infections to the public in the community and to patients in hospitals. AIM: To study ...
Nonevski Ilche T - - 2008
Eosinophilic esophagitis is an increasingly recognized cause of a variety of esophageal symptoms, including dysphagia, food impaction, atypical chest pain, and heartburn that does not respond to medical therapy. Its cause is unknown, but allergic and immune-mediated mechanisms similar to those of asthma and other atopic diseases are implicated.
Dughera L - - 2008
Achalasia is a rare motor disorder of the esophagus, characterized by the absence of peristalsis and impaired swallow-induced relaxation. These motor abnormalities result in stasis of ingested food in the esophagus, leading to clinical symptoms, such as dysphagia, regurgitation of food, retrosternal pain and weight loss. Etiology is unknown. Some ...
Kolsum Umme - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Impulse oscillometry system (IOS) assesses pulmonary resistance and reactance. We set out to investigate which IOS measurements are related to airflow obstruction, airway conductance and lung volumes in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). METHODS: Ninety-four COPD patients were recruited and 58 agreed to follow up after 1 year. IOS ...
Ozdemir Oner - - 2009
Food intolerance is an adverse reaction to a particular food or ingredient that may or may not be related to the immune system. A deficiency in digestive enzymes can also cause some types of food intolerances like lactose and gluten intolerance. Food intolerances may cause unpleasant symptoms, including nausea, bloating, ...
Basavaraju K P - - 2008
Eosinophilic oesophagitis (EO) is an increasingly recognised chronic, relapsing inflammatory condition of the oesophagus. There has been a mini-epidemic of EO in the last decade. The incidence of this condition is higher in children and is commoner in males. There is either a family or personal history of atopic conditions ...
Nelson Mia - - 2008
Food intolerance is one of medicine's modern enigmas. Its etiology and mechanism are unclear and the subject of constant debate, while estimates of its prevalence vary widely from 2% to over 20% of the population. Using interpretive phenomenonological analysis, this study explored the phenomenon of food intolerance in primary care ...
Gündüz Turan - - 2008
Food handlers play a major role in the transmission of foodborne diseases. Nasal Staphylococcus aureus (S. aureus) carriage and intestinal parasitism are important risk factors in contamination. The purpose of the authors' study was to determine the prevalence of intestinal parasites and nasal S. aureus carriage among food handlers in ...
Prasad Ganapathy A - - 2008
Eosinophilic esophagitis in adults is a disease characterized by eosinophilic infiltration of the esophageal mucosa and symptoms of long-standing solid food dysphagia and food impactions. First described in 1978, this syndrome is being recognized increasingly in the developed world, with multiple case series reported from the United States, Europe, and ...
Dargent Jérôme - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Erosion, slippage, and esophageal dilatation have been acknowledged as typical long-term issues after lap banding. Yet it seems from our experience that isolated food intolerance has become a leading cause for band removal, although not reported as such in the literature. METHODS: There were 1,450 patients who have been ...
Iacoviello Licia - - 2008
The border between health and disease is often set by a complex equilibrium between two elements, genetics on one hand, lifestyle on the other, To know it better, means to give new weapons, often crucial, in the hands of the doctors and their patients. It also means to adjust therapies, ...
Liguori Gennaro - - 2008
A young man with a previous history of episodes of mild solid food dysphagia was admitted with a total dysphagia. The esophagogastroduodenoscopy (EGDS) showed an extensive disruption of mucosal layer with a cul-de-sac in the lower part of the esophagus. Soon after the procedure, the patient suffered from an acute ...
Siddiqui Ali Ahmed - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Acute esophageal food impaction (EFI) may be treated by endoscopic extraction of the food bolus either en bloc or in a piecemeal fashion. We have found this endoscopic extraction technique to be unsatisfactory. OBJECTIVE: Our purpose was to demonstrate the use of through-the-scope (TTS), wire-guided esophageal balloon dilation to ...
Fox Victor L - - 2008
Eosinophilic esophagitis is a condition characterized by a dense infiltration of eosinophils within the epithelium that may extend into the deeper layers of the esophagus associated with distinctive endoscopic changes. The changes are frequently found in patients who have hypersensitivity to various foods and aeroallergens but overlap exists with gastroesophageal ...
Francalanci Paola - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Esophageal diseases are common in infants and children, and may present with several clinical and pathological aspects. Eosinophilic esophagitis (EE) is characterized by inflammatory, predominantly eosinophilic infiltrate (> or =15 eosinophils per high-power field (HPF)) that is not responsive to acid suppression therapy. An immunoallergic pathogenesis has been hypothesized, ...
Chehade Mirna - - 2008
Eosinophilic esophagitis (EE) is an inflammatory disease of the esophagus characterized by eosinophilic infiltration of the esophageal mucosa. Symptoms of EE are variable, and include gastroesophageal reflux symptoms, abdominal pain, growth failure, and dysphagia. Dysphagia is a more common presentation in adults and older children. Serious complications of EE consisting ...
Smulders Frans J M - - 2008
Zoonoses are diseases that are transmitted naturally between animals and humans. The control of food-borne zoonoses within the European Union is a prerequisite for assuring a functional internal market and consequently represents an important item on the political agenda. Unfortunately, until recently, gaining a clear view of the current incidence ...
Juchems Markus S - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Strongyloidiasis is a rare helminthic infection in Europe, and it may cause duodenal obstruction. METHODS: We report a patient who was admitted to our Medical Department with nausea and repeated vomiting since 10 years until food intake became impossible. Subsequent investigations revealed a duodenal obstruction at the upper third ...
Spergel Jonathan M - - 2008
Eosinophilic esophagitis has been increasingly described in pediatric and adult literature. Several pediatric studies have indicated that food allergies are responsible for more than 90% of pediatric cases. There are three different dietary approaches to the management of eosinophilic esophagitis: (1) the elemental diet, (2) the removal of foods based ...
Calvo M M - - 2008
Tomato industries yield a high amount of by-products mainly tomato peel and seeds. Since tomato peel is rich in lycopene, the direct addition of peel to food products could be a way to use this by-product to obtain a new products enriched in lycopene. This work describes experiments performed to ...
Coma Véronique - - 2008
To prevent the development and spread of spoilage and pathogenic microorganisms via meat foodstuffs, antimicrobial packaging materials could be a potential alternative solution. Instead of mixing antimicrobial compounds directly with food, incorporating them in films allows the functional effect at the food surface - where the microbial growth is mostly ...
Thompson Cheryl L CL Department of Family Medicine, Case Comprehensive Cancer Center, Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, Ohio 44106-7136, - - 2008
The incidence of esophageal adenocarcinoma is on the rise in the United States. In this ecological study using the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER) program (1973-2001) and national food consumption data (1909-1997), we evaluated the correlation between secular trends of dietary macronutrient intakes and esophageal cancer rates. Linear regressions ...
van Tonder Izanne - - 2007
This paper presents data on personal- and general-hygiene knowledge and practices among food handlers in the delicatessens of a major retail group in the Western Cape in South Africa. Food handlers were interviewed by means of a structured questionnaire. Although the majority of food handlers adhered to basic hygiene principles, ...
de Oliveira Ribeiro Ciro Alberto - - 2008
Mercury and more specifically methylmercury have been reported as hazardous environmental pollutants able to accumulate along the aquatic food chain with severe risk for animal and human health. Adult male zebrafish (Danio rerio) were distributed in two groups: a control group (fed with uncontaminated food) and a MeHg-contaminated group (fed ...
Hugas Marta - - 2008
Various intervention strategies to control foodborne pathogens have been identified and applied through the whole food chain. Physical, chemical, biological treatments applied alone or in combination have been studied and proved to reduce the number and the prevalence of bacterial contamination of meat surfaces such as carcasses. The various treatments ...
Engel M A - - 2008
We describe the first detailed case of eosinophilic esophagitis associated with esophageal intramural pseudodiverticulosis and gastro-esophageal reflux disease in a 24-year-old man, who suffered from recurrent dysphagia since the age of 3 years. He presented with symptoms of dysphagia, food impaction and malnutrition. An esophagogram revealed a high-grade stenosis in ...
Aymerich T - - 2008
Consumers demand high quality, natural, nutritious, fresh appearance and convenient meat products with natural flavour and taste and an extended shelf-life. To match all these demands without compromising safety, in the last decades alternative non-thermal preservation technologies such as HHP, irradiation, light pulses, natural biopreservatives together with active packaging have ...
Sebranek Joseph G - - 2007
The growing popularity of food products marketed in the United States as "natural" and "organic" has resulted in a proliferation of marketing efforts to meet consumer demands for these foods. Because natural and organic foods are not permitted to use chemical preservatives, the traditional curing agents used for cured meats, ...
Smith Cass R - - 2007
Food impaction in patients with eosinophilic esophagitis is being recognized increasingly. Retrieval of impacted food may be necessary if it does not resolve spontaneously. The present report describes a new technique for removal of friable impacted food from the esophagus using a modified version of the Saeed banding device. With ...
Kerlin Paul - - 2007
BACKGROUND AND GOALS: Acute food bolus impaction is a common emergency in gastrointestinal practice. Management previously used the endoscope with an overtube to allow retrieval of the bolus per os. The push technique using air insufflation and gentle pressure on the bolus provides an alternative approach. Esophageal mucosal biopsy at ...
Hwang Jin-Bok - - 2007
The clinicopathological findings in previous studies concerning food protein-induced proctocolitis (FPIPC) are quite diverse in terms of results and conclusions. The aim of this study was to suggest advanced clinicopathological diagnostic criteria that facilitate the early confirmation of FPIPC. Data of 38 FPIPC patients, who had received sigmoidoscopy and biopsy, ...
Koskenvuo Juha W - - 2007
Normal values of extra-esophageal reflux are difficult to determine owing to variation in the location of the proximal electrode, limited information on the ingestion of acidic food, different exclusion periods for meals, and poor reproducibility of measurement of extra-esophageal reflux. We studied whether ambulatory esophageal pH testing is disturbed by ...
Sanches Silva A - - 2007
One of the main concerns regarding safety of food packaging is the possible migration of chemical substances (monomers and other starting substances, additives, residues) from food contact materials into foods. To evaluate the effect of the fat content and of the temperature of storage on the migration from plastics packaging ...
Shintu L - - 2007
The complexity of meat composition and the requirement of high analytical rates to prevent frauds and, in general, to assess food quality are stimuli to find analytical methods able to detect appropriate indicators of a given quality. We present here an evaluation of 1D (1)H HR-MAS NMR spectroscopy for the ...
Konieczny P - - 2007
Properties of snack foods from comminuted, seasoned beef, dried under laboratory conditions at a temperature of 55±2°C were analyzed in this study. Samples were collected after 3, 4, 5, 6 and 7h of drying. The jerky products were evaluated by selected physicochemical and sensory methods. A significant influence of thermal ...
Boeckxstaens G E E - - 2007
Achalasia is a rare motor disorder of the oesophagus, characterised by the absence of peristalsis and impaired swallow-induced relaxation. These motor abnormalities result in stasis of ingested food in the oesophagus, leading to clinical symptoms, such as dysphagia, regurgitation of food, retrosternal pain and weight loss. Although it is well ...
Trülzsch Konrad - - 2007
Yersinia enterocolitica is one of the most common causes of food borne gastrointestinal disease. After oral uptake yersiniae replicate in the small intestine, invade Peyer's patches of the distal ileum and disseminate to spleen and liver. In these tissues and organs yersiniae replicate extracellularly and form exclusively monoclonal microabscesses. Only ...
Plaza-Martín A M - - 2007
There are few studies on eosinophilic esophagitis (EE) in the pediatric population in Europe. We present our data and emphasize the following findings: a) all patients had symptoms of allergic respiratory disease prior to receiving a diagnosis of EE with polysensitization (aeroallergens, food allergens); and b) in contrast with the ...
Pasha Shabana F - - 2006
Eosinophilic esophagitis (EE) is an inflammatory disorder of the esophagus that affects both children and adults, and is different from gastro-esophageal reflux disease. The immunopathogenesis of EE involves an allergic response to environmental and food allergens, and the proinflammatory cytokines IL-5 and IL-13. EE may be associated with atopic disorders ...
Bredenoord A J - - 2006
Some transient lower oesophageal sphincter relaxations (TLOSRs) are accompanied by gastro-oesophageal reflux and others are not. We aimed to investigate what factors determine the occurrence and type of reflux during TLOSRs. In 12 healthy subjects prolonged high-resolution manometry was performed. Reflux was detected using pH-impedance monitoring. A total of 219 ...
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