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Kammerer Judith - - 2011
A comprehensive overview of adsorption and ion exchange technology applied for food and nutraceutical production purposes is given in the present paper. Emanating from these fields of application, the main adsorbent and ion-exchange resin materials, their historical development, industrial production, and the main parameters characterizing these sorbents are covered. Furthermore, ...
Iovdijová Anna - - 2010
Consumers are exposed to a diversity of chemicals in all areas of life. Air, water, soil and food are all unavoidable components of the human environment. Each of those elements influences the quality of human life, and each of them may be contaminated. We are exposed to toxic or potentially ...
Pomiecinski Fabiane - - 2010
Refractory gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) can be related to greater sensitization to foods. To evaluate sensitization to foods in patients with refractory GERD. Patients with refractory GERD after using at least 40 mg of a proton pump inhibitor were given a restriction diet based on the results of skin prick ...
Williams Peter - - 2010
Healthy food baskets have been used around the world for a variety of purposes, including: examining the difference in cost between healthy and unhealthy food; mapping the availability of healthy foods in different locations; calculating the minimum cost of an adequate diet for social policy planning; developing educational material on ...
Lucendo Alfredo J - - 2010
Eosinophilic gastrointestinal disorders (EGIDs) are a diverse group of disorders whose diagnosis is on the rise and are characterized by symptoms caused by infiltration by eosinophils of the different sections of the digestive tract. Although little is known of their etiology, it seems to be multifactorial. Alteration of the immunological ...
Wohlers Anton E - - 2010
Abstract This paper examines whether national differences in political culture add an explanatory dimension to the formulation of policy in the area of biotechnology, especially with respect to genetically modified food. The analysis links the formulation of protective regulatory policies governing genetically modified food to both country and region-specific differences ...
Crinnion Walter J - - 2010
Some environmental toxins like DDT and other chlorinated compounds accumulate in the body because of their fat-soluble nature. Other compounds do not stay long in the body, but still cause toxic effects during the time they are present. For serious health problems to arise, exposure to these rapidly-clearing compounds must ...
Sobrova Pavlina - - 2010
Deoxynivalenol (DON) is one of several mycotoxins produced by certain Fusarium species that frequently infect corn, wheat, oats, barley, rice, and other grains in the field or during storage. The exposure risk to human is directly through foods of plant origin (cereal grains) or indirectly through foods of animal origin ...
Bazin Ingrid - - 2010
This paper reviews the early detection strategies that have been employed for the rapid monitoring of ochratoxin A (OTA) contamination of food. OTA, a mycotoxin mainly produced by some Aspergillus and Penicillium species, is found in cereals, coffee, wine, pork and grapes. To minimize the entry of this mycotoxin into ...
Croteau Marie-Noële - - 2011
Abstract If engineered nanomaterials are released into the environment, some are likely to end up associated with the food of animals due to aggregation and sorption processes. However, few studies have considered dietary exposure of nanomaterials. Here we show that zinc (Zn) from isotopically modified (67)ZnO particles is efficiently assimilated ...
Kim Nam In - - 2010
Eosinophilic esophagitis (EoE) is a disorder characterized by isolated eosinophilic infiltration of the esophagus with esophageal symptoms. Although some patients with EoE are related to food hypersensitivity, it is hard to identify causative foods. This report describes a case of EoE with dysphagia. A 28-year-old man presented with dysphagia and ...
Gonsalves Nirmala - - 2010
Eosinophilic esophagitis (EoE) has emerged as an important cause of dysphagia and food impactions in young adults. Previously considered a rare condition, an increasing number of cases of EoE have been attributable to a rising incidence and a growing awareness of the condition. Typical endoscopic features include concentric mucosal rings, ...
Putnam P E - - 2010
Eosinophilic esophagitis (EoE) is a chronic, eosinophil-predominant inflammatory condition that can affect esophageal mucosa at any age. Distinguished from gastroesophageal reflux disease in the mid 1990's, it has seemed to be increasingly prevalent, and is usually a manifestation of food allergy. The endoscopic and histologic features are well described. The ...
Abrunhosa Luís - - 2010
Ochratoxin A (OTA) is one of the most important mycotoxins that is found in food and feed products. It has proven toxic properties, being primarily known for its nephrotoxicity and carcinogenicity to certain animal species. OTA is produced by several species of Aspergillus and Penicillium that can be found in ...
Miura Tomofumi T Division of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Nagaoka Red Cross Hospital, 2-297-1, Senshu, Nagaoka, Niigata 940-2085, Japan. - - 2010
We report an extremely rare case of adult intussusception caused by anisakiasis. A 41-year-old man was admitted into our hospital for right lower abdominal colicky pain. Ultrasonography and computed tomography revealed the presence of intussusception. As pneumo-dynamic resolution by colonoscopy failed, surgery was performed. The anisakis body was found in ...
Du Huali - - 2010
Food impaction is a severe clinical trouble that bothers most people especially middle aged and old people. It is reported that the rate of food impaction is 92.2%. The incidence of 40-59 years old is 98.9%. It is a disease of high prevalence in population. It has influenced people's social ...
Chung Woo Chul - - 2010
A 53-yr-old man presented with a two-day history of odynophagia and a foreign body sensation. Two days before admission, the patient began to experience odynophagia and a foreign body sensation in the chest after swallowing several extremely hot pieces of solid food (prawn) in haste. Endoscopy revealed a huge longitudinal ...
Quested T E - - 2010
Current and potential future trends in technology, consumption and trade of food that may impact on food-borne disease are analysed and the key driving factors identified focusing on the European Union and, to a lesser extent, accounting for the United States and global issues. Understanding of factors is developed using ...
Saeed Humodi Ahmed - - 2010
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: Pathogenic organisms are thought to be widely distributed among food handlers. This study was designed to assess the prevalence of carriers of some pathogenic bacteria and intestinal parasites among food handlers in the city of Omdurman, Sudan. METHODS: A total of 518 nasal swabs and stool specimens were collected. ...
Carratù Brunella - - 2010
In Italy most herbal products are sold as food supplements and are subject only to food law. A list of about 1200 plants authorised for use in food supplements has been compiled by the Italian Ministry of Health. In order to review and possibly improve the Ministry's list an ad ...
James Clive - - 2010
In the early 1990s, some were skeptical that genetically modified (GM) crops, now referred to as biotech crops, could deliver improved products and make an impact at the farm level. There was even more skepticism that developing countries would adopt biotech crops. The adoption of and commercialization of biotech crops ...
Arnett Heather A - - 2010
The intestine is subjected to a barrage of insults from food, bacterial flora, and pathogens. Despite this constant antigenic challenge, the mucosal tissues lining the intestinal tract remain largely under control. The mechanisms regulating the homeostatic balance in the gut have been investigated for many years by many groups, but ...
Peters Siegfried - - 2010
Sucrose (alpha-D-glucopyranosyl-(1-->2)-beta-D-fructofuranoside) is an inexpensive chemical produced by sugar cane and sugar beet cultivation. Chemical and/or biochemical transformations convert it into highly valuable synthetic intermediates such as 5-hydroxymethylfurfural (HMF), bioethylene, 1,2-propylene glycol and levulinic acid. Sucrose can also be converted into biodegradable polymers such as polyesters and polyurethanes, as well ...
Estabrook Barry - - 2010
Milk has always been susceptible to price fluctuations. Farmers are used to putting away money during good times to see themselves through lean times. Recently, however, the cycles have become more violent, with lows falling lower and highs rising not quite so high and the intervals between peaks and valleys ...
Benjamin Jaya - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: Chronic intestinal pseudo-obstruction (CIPO) is a rare intestinal motility disorder. A prolonged avoidance of food due to fear of aggravation of postprandial symptoms leads to severe malnutrition. We report a case of a 21 y old man who was diagnosed as CIPO with a history of recurrent intestinal colic ...
Chukwuocha U M - - 2009
The spread of diseases through food is still a common problem which results in appreciable morbidity and occasional mortality. Food handlers play an important role in ensuring food safety throughout the chain of production, processing, storage and preparation. This study was designed to determine knowledge, attitude and practice of food ...
Maragos Chris - - 2009
Immunoassays are routinely used in the screening of commodities and foods for fungal toxins (mycotoxins). Demands to increase speed and lower costs have lead to continued improvements in such assays. Because many reported mycotoxins are low molecular weight (below 1 kDa), immunoassays for their detection have generally been constructed in ...
Simsek Zeynep - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: Food-borne diseases represent a persistent global health burden, and food handlers play a major role in their transmission. Staphylococcus aureus carriage and intestinal parasitism are important risk factors for the contamination of food and water. This study was undertaken to determine the prevalence of Staphylococcus aureus and intestinal parasites ...
Ravikumara Madhur - - 2010
This is a case report of a 1-year-old, otherwise healthy, girl who presented with the history of refusal of solid foods and vomiting of 1-month duration. She underwent upper gastrointestinal endoscopy, which revealed an eye-catching endoscopic finding and the cause of her symptoms.
Arnett Heather A - - 2009
The intestine is subjected to a barrage of insults from food, bacterial flora, and pathogens. Despite this constant antigenic challenge, the mucosal tissues lining the intestinal tract remain largely under control. The mechanisms regulating the homeostatic balance in the gut have been investigated for many years by many groups, but ...
Babiker M A - - 2009
Food-handlers (n = 1500) attending the public health laboratory in Khartoum, Sudan, for annual check-ups were screened for intestinal parasites by 3 different techniques (direct faecal examination, formol-ether concentration and floatation) to evaluate the adequacy of annual screening. Results showed that 29.4% of food-handlers were harbouring intestinal protozoa in stool ...
Kovalkovičová Natália - - 2009
According to world statistics, dogs and cats are the species that owners most frequently seek assistance with potential poisonings, accounting 95-98% of all reported animal cases. Exposures occur more commonly in the summer and in December that is associated with the holiday season. The majority (>90%) of animal poisonings are ...
Harris R - - 2010
INTRODUCTION: The prevalence of eosinophilic oesophagitis is increasing. A Pubmed search for 'eosinophilic oesophagitis' and 'eosinophilic esophagitis' yielded 345 publications since 1976. Only seven were in otolaryngology journals.1-7 Patients typically present with dysphagia, vomiting, dyspepsia or food impaction and are therefore usually referred to a paediatric gastroenterologist; otolaryngologists are not ...
Hawkes Corinna - - 2009
The mapping and analysis of supply chains is a technique increasingly used to address problems in the food system. Yet such supply chain management has not yet been applied as a means of encouraging healthier diets. Moreover, most policies recommended to promote healthy eating focus on the consumer end of ...
Keiser Jennifer - - 2009
An estimated 750 million people are at risk of infections with food-borne trematodes, which comprise liver flukes (Clonorchis sinensis, Fasciola gigantica, Fasciola hepatica, Opisthorchis felineus, and Opisthorchis viverrini), lung flukes (Paragonimus spp.), and intestinal flukes (e.g., Echinostoma spp., Fasciolopsis buski, and the heterophyids). Food-borne trematodiases pose a significant public health ...
Moawad Fouad J - - 2009
Eosinophilic esophagitis is a chronic inflammatory disorder characterized by dense eosinophilic infiltration of the esophageal mucosa. The pathogenesis is incompletely understood and food allergies and aeroallergens have been implicated. The most common clinical presentation in adults is dysphagia to solids. Its associated endoscopic findings are distinct and include concentric rings ...
Franzen Lisa - - 2009
This study investigated how acculturation influences diet, cultural practices related to cooking and food preparation knowledge, and stature and body mass index (BMI) of Hmong children. Focus groups (n=12) were conducted during the spring of 2008 in St. Paul/Minneapolis, Minnesota with those born in the US and 9-13 years old ...
Zopf Yurdagül - - 2009
More than 20% of the population in industrialized countries suffer from food intolerance or food allergy. Selective literature search for relevant publications in PubMed and the Cochrane Library combined with further data from the interdisciplinary database on chronic inflammatory and allergic diseases of the Erlangen University Hospital. The majority of ...
Chen Yu-Kuei - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: The main objective of this study was to further elucidate the effect of consuming various foods on the development of squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) in three different sections of the esophagus. METHODS: A total of 343 patients with SCC of the esophagus and 755 cancer-free control subjects were recruited ...
Neeliah S A - - 2009
Food control systems are being established or revamped in many countries because of problems occurring along the food chain and the obligations of governments towards the World Trade Organization. The main components of an ideal food control system are food legislation, administration, enforcement and supporting bodies like analytical services and ...
Bonis Peter A L - - 2009
The cause of eosinophilic esophagitis remains unknown, but its epidemiology and clinical features provide pieces to the puzzle. Eosinophilic esophagitis probably emerged in the 1950s or early 1960s, has an increasing incidence, occurs in most developed countries, is related to food allergies, affects adults and children, has a strong male ...
Palmieri Luisa - - 2009
Food product authentication provides a means of monitoring and identifying products for consumer protection and regulatory compliance. There is a scarcity of analytical methods for confirming the identity of fruit pulp in products containing Soft Fruit. In the present work we have developed a very sensible qualitative and quantitative method ...
Carvalho Roberta Villas Boas - - 2010
The aims of this study are to investigate dietary factors, food intolerance, and the body mass index data, as an indicator of nutritional status, in functional dyspepsia patients. Forty-one functional dyspepsia patients and 30 healthy volunteers answered a standardized questionnaire to identify eating habits and food intolerance, and then completed ...
Furuta Glenn T - - 2009
Eosinophilic esophagitis is a clinicopathological disease characterized by GERD-like symptoms, food impaction and dysphagia that occur with the histological finding of dense esophageal eosinophilia. Endoscopic features include linear furrows, white exudate and longitudinal shearing. Current concepts regarding the pathophysiology relate to a food allergen-induced overexpression of eosinophil-related cytokines including Il-5, ...
Heine Ralf G - - 2009
Over the past decade, there has been a significant increase in the number of children and adults with eosinophilic esophagitis (EE). This recently recognized form of chronic pan-esophagitis is characterized by dense eosinophilic infiltration of the esophageal mucosa. EE is closely associated with male gender and allergic disorders, such as ...
Abbara Aula - - 2009
An 80-year-old Caucasian woman presented with a 3-week history of painless jaundice, pruritis, dark urine and weight loss. Blood analysis demonstrated an obstructive jaundice pattern. A CT scan demonstrated a gas-filled duodenal diverticulum arising from the second part of the duodenum. Once food material was cleared from the diverticulum endoscopically, ...
Chen Chien-Lin - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Secondary peristalsis is important for the clearance of retained refluxate or material from the oesophagus. Combined impedance and manometry can directly detect both oesophageal contraction and bolus transit. AIM: To apply combined impedance and manometry to characterize oesophageal bolus transit and clearance by secondary peristalsis in healthy individuals. METHODS: ...
Chen Yu-Hsin - - 2008
The most common esophageal foreign body in adults is impacted food bolus. Polypectomy snares, Dormia baskets, retrieval nets, rat-tooth forceps, alligator forceps or polyp graspers are usually used to remove it. Here, we report the case of a 78-year-old woman whose esophagogastroduodenoscopy (EGD) showed a firm goose liver impacted tightly ...
Rajagopalan Jaishree - - 2009
Distal esophageal or Schatzki's rings are a common cause of intermittent solid food dysphagia requiring endoscopic dilation for relief. Similarly, eosinophilic esophagitis (EE) is a rapidly emerging disease in both children and young adults, and manifests as dysphagia to solids and/or episodic food bolus impaction. Endoscopic findings vary considerably among ...
Schalinski Sarah - - 2009
Achalasia is a neurodegenerative condition characterized by esophageal dysmotility and megaesophagus. Two cases are reported that demonstrate unexpected deaths associated with previously unsuspected achalasia. Case 1: A 66-year-old woman was found dead at her home. At autopsy significant stenosing coronary artery atherosclerosis was found with cardiac failure. In addition, a ...
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