Search Results
Results 351 - 400 of 678
< 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 >
Dejean Alain - - 2011
I studied the predatory behavior of Platythyrea conradti, an arboreal ponerine ant, whereas most species in this subfamily are ground-dwelling. The workers, which hunt solitarily only around dusk, are able to capture a wide range of prey, including termites and agile, nocturnal insects as well as diurnal insects that are ...
Chu Xiaogang - - 2011
Food safety is essential to people's health and people's livelihood. To ensure that food safety is an important current strategy of the governments, both regulation and standardization are important support for implementing this strategic initiative effectively. The status and prospects of China's food laws, regulations, and standards system are introduced. ...
Walch Stephan G - - 2011
The sage plant Salvia officinalis L. is used as ingredient in foods and beverages as well as in herbal medicinal products. A major use is in the form of aqueous infusions as sage tea, which is legal to be sold as either food or medicine. Sage may contain two health ...
Maurer John J - - 2011
Polymerase chain reaction (PCR) has become an important diagnostic tool in the detection of foodborne pathogens. Many PCR tests have been validated, harmonized, and commercialized to make PCR a standard tool used by food microbiology laboratories to detect pathogens in foods. Current PCR technology allows for rapid detection of pathogens ...
Myae Aye Chan - - 2011
Traceability systems are an important tool (1) for tracking, monitoring, and managing product flows through the supply chain for better efficiency and profitability of suppliers, and (2) to improve consumer confidence in the face of serious food safety incidents. After the global bovine spongiform encephalopathy (BSE) crisis affected producers, consumers, ...
Pochop Jaroslav - - 2011
The aim of this study was to follow contamination of ready to eat milk and meat products with Salmonella spp. by using the StepOne real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR). Classical microbiological methods for detection of foodborne bacteria involve the use of pre-enrichment and/or specific enrichment, following isolation of bacteria in ...
Mochizuki Naoki - - 2011
An accurate analysis is required to address various issues concerning the food safety. Many risk factors, such as agricultural chemical residues, residual veterinary drugs, mycotoxins, food additives, and carcinogens produced during food processing may be present in foodstuffs. High-performance liquid chromatograph-tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS) is an analytical system advanced in ...
El-Shenawy Moustafa - - 2011
Street-vended ready-to-eat food sold in Egypt, including sandwiches and dishes of traditional food, was examined for the presence of Listeria species. Out of 576 samples, 24% were found to contain Listeria species. L. monocytogenes and L. innocua were isolated from 57% and 39% of the contaminated samples, respectively. Other Listeria ...
Croissant A E - - 2011
Comprehensive food flavor analysis requires a multidisciplinary approach. This article presents a comprehensive review of the relationship between sensory and instrumental analysis in the research of food flavor. Common practices for aroma flavor compound isolation, separation, and identification are discussed with strengths and weaknesses of the respective methodologies. A review ...
Moore P G - - 2011
Food shortages, particularly of proteins, in Britain during the Second World War led to the suggestion re-surfacing that marine plankton might be harvested on an industrial scale first as human food, then turning to its potential use as a supplement to stock and poultry feed. The notion emanated in the ...
Knorr D - - 2011
High hydrostatic pressure (HHP), pulsed electric fields (PEFs), ultrasound (US), and cold plasma (CP) are emerging technologies that have already found application in the food industry or related sectors. This review aims to describe the basic principles of these nonthermal technologies as well as the state of the art concerning ...
Kammerer Judith - - 2011
A comprehensive overview of adsorption and ion exchange technology applied for food and nutraceutical production purposes is given in the present paper. Emanating from these fields of application, the main adsorbent and ion-exchange resin materials, their historical development, industrial production, and the main parameters characterizing these sorbents are covered. Furthermore, ...
Iovdijová Anna - - 2010
Consumers are exposed to a diversity of chemicals in all areas of life. Air, water, soil and food are all unavoidable components of the human environment. Each of those elements influences the quality of human life, and each of them may be contaminated. We are exposed to toxic or potentially ...
Williams Peter - - 2010
Healthy food baskets have been used around the world for a variety of purposes, including: examining the difference in cost between healthy and unhealthy food; mapping the availability of healthy foods in different locations; calculating the minimum cost of an adequate diet for social policy planning; developing educational material on ...
Pomiecinski Fabiane - - 2010
Refractory gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) can be related to greater sensitization to foods. To evaluate sensitization to foods in patients with refractory GERD. Patients with refractory GERD after using at least 40 mg of a proton pump inhibitor were given a restriction diet based on the results of skin prick ...
Lucendo Alfredo J - - 2010
Eosinophilic gastrointestinal disorders (EGIDs) are a diverse group of disorders whose diagnosis is on the rise and are characterized by symptoms caused by infiltration by eosinophils of the different sections of the digestive tract. Although little is known of their etiology, it seems to be multifactorial. Alteration of the immunological ...
Crinnion Walter J - - 2010
Some environmental toxins like DDT and other chlorinated compounds accumulate in the body because of their fat-soluble nature. Other compounds do not stay long in the body, but still cause toxic effects during the time they are present. For serious health problems to arise, exposure to these rapidly-clearing compounds must ...
Sobrova Pavlina - - 2010
Deoxynivalenol (DON) is one of several mycotoxins produced by certain Fusarium species that frequently infect corn, wheat, oats, barley, rice, and other grains in the field or during storage. The exposure risk to human is directly through foods of plant origin (cereal grains) or indirectly through foods of animal origin ...
Wohlers Anton E - - 2010
Abstract This paper examines whether national differences in political culture add an explanatory dimension to the formulation of policy in the area of biotechnology, especially with respect to genetically modified food. The analysis links the formulation of protective regulatory policies governing genetically modified food to both country and region-specific differences ...
Bazin Ingrid - - 2010
This paper reviews the early detection strategies that have been employed for the rapid monitoring of ochratoxin A (OTA) contamination of food. OTA, a mycotoxin mainly produced by some Aspergillus and Penicillium species, is found in cereals, coffee, wine, pork and grapes. To minimize the entry of this mycotoxin into ...
Croteau Marie-Noële - - 2011
Abstract If engineered nanomaterials are released into the environment, some are likely to end up associated with the food of animals due to aggregation and sorption processes. However, few studies have considered dietary exposure of nanomaterials. Here we show that zinc (Zn) from isotopically modified (67)ZnO particles is efficiently assimilated ...
Kim Nam In - - 2010
Eosinophilic esophagitis (EoE) is a disorder characterized by isolated eosinophilic infiltration of the esophagus with esophageal symptoms. Although some patients with EoE are related to food hypersensitivity, it is hard to identify causative foods. This report describes a case of EoE with dysphagia. A 28-year-old man presented with dysphagia and ...
Putnam P E - - 2010
Eosinophilic esophagitis (EoE) is a chronic, eosinophil-predominant inflammatory condition that can affect esophageal mucosa at any age. Distinguished from gastroesophageal reflux disease in the mid 1990's, it has seemed to be increasingly prevalent, and is usually a manifestation of food allergy. The endoscopic and histologic features are well described. The ...
Gonsalves Nirmala - - 2010
Eosinophilic esophagitis (EoE) has emerged as an important cause of dysphagia and food impactions in young adults. Previously considered a rare condition, an increasing number of cases of EoE have been attributable to a rising incidence and a growing awareness of the condition. Typical endoscopic features include concentric mucosal rings, ...
Abrunhosa Luís - - 2010
Ochratoxin A (OTA) is one of the most important mycotoxins that is found in food and feed products. It has proven toxic properties, being primarily known for its nephrotoxicity and carcinogenicity to certain animal species. OTA is produced by several species of Aspergillus and Penicillium that can be found in ...
Miura Tomofumi T Division of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Nagaoka Red Cross Hospital, 2-297-1, Senshu, Nagaoka, Niigata 940-2085, Japan. - - 2010
We report an extremely rare case of adult intussusception caused by anisakiasis. A 41-year-old man was admitted into our hospital for right lower abdominal colicky pain. Ultrasonography and computed tomography revealed the presence of intussusception. As pneumo-dynamic resolution by colonoscopy failed, surgery was performed. The anisakis body was found in ...
Du Huali - - 2010
Food impaction is a severe clinical trouble that bothers most people especially middle aged and old people. It is reported that the rate of food impaction is 92.2%. The incidence of 40-59 years old is 98.9%. It is a disease of high prevalence in population. It has influenced people's social ...
Chung Woo Chul - - 2010
A 53-yr-old man presented with a two-day history of odynophagia and a foreign body sensation. Two days before admission, the patient began to experience odynophagia and a foreign body sensation in the chest after swallowing several extremely hot pieces of solid food (prawn) in haste. Endoscopy revealed a huge longitudinal ...
Quested T E - - 2010
Current and potential future trends in technology, consumption and trade of food that may impact on food-borne disease are analysed and the key driving factors identified focusing on the European Union and, to a lesser extent, accounting for the United States and global issues. Understanding of factors is developed using ...
Saeed Humodi Ahmed - - 2010
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: Pathogenic organisms are thought to be widely distributed among food handlers. This study was designed to assess the prevalence of carriers of some pathogenic bacteria and intestinal parasites among food handlers in the city of Omdurman, Sudan. METHODS: A total of 518 nasal swabs and stool specimens were collected. ...
Peters Siegfried - - 2010
Sucrose (alpha-D-glucopyranosyl-(1-->2)-beta-D-fructofuranoside) is an inexpensive chemical produced by sugar cane and sugar beet cultivation. Chemical and/or biochemical transformations convert it into highly valuable synthetic intermediates such as 5-hydroxymethylfurfural (HMF), bioethylene, 1,2-propylene glycol and levulinic acid. Sucrose can also be converted into biodegradable polymers such as polyesters and polyurethanes, as well ...
Arnett Heather A - - 2010
The intestine is subjected to a barrage of insults from food, bacterial flora, and pathogens. Despite this constant antigenic challenge, the mucosal tissues lining the intestinal tract remain largely under control. The mechanisms regulating the homeostatic balance in the gut have been investigated for many years by many groups, but ...
Estabrook Barry - - 2010
Milk has always been susceptible to price fluctuations. Farmers are used to putting away money during good times to see themselves through lean times. Recently, however, the cycles have become more violent, with lows falling lower and highs rising not quite so high and the intervals between peaks and valleys ...
James Clive - - 2010
In the early 1990s, some were skeptical that genetically modified (GM) crops, now referred to as biotech crops, could deliver improved products and make an impact at the farm level. There was even more skepticism that developing countries would adopt biotech crops. The adoption of and commercialization of biotech crops ...
Carratù Brunella - - 2010
In Italy most herbal products are sold as food supplements and are subject only to food law. A list of about 1200 plants authorised for use in food supplements has been compiled by the Italian Ministry of Health. In order to review and possibly improve the Ministry's list an ad ...
Benjamin Jaya - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: Chronic intestinal pseudo-obstruction (CIPO) is a rare intestinal motility disorder. A prolonged avoidance of food due to fear of aggravation of postprandial symptoms leads to severe malnutrition. We report a case of a 21 y old man who was diagnosed as CIPO with a history of recurrent intestinal colic ...
Chukwuocha U M - - 2009
The spread of diseases through food is still a common problem which results in appreciable morbidity and occasional mortality. Food handlers play an important role in ensuring food safety throughout the chain of production, processing, storage and preparation. This study was designed to determine knowledge, attitude and practice of food ...
Maragos Chris - - 2009
Immunoassays are routinely used in the screening of commodities and foods for fungal toxins (mycotoxins). Demands to increase speed and lower costs have lead to continued improvements in such assays. Because many reported mycotoxins are low molecular weight (below 1 kDa), immunoassays for their detection have generally been constructed in ...
Simsek Zeynep - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: Food-borne diseases represent a persistent global health burden, and food handlers play a major role in their transmission. Staphylococcus aureus carriage and intestinal parasitism are important risk factors for the contamination of food and water. This study was undertaken to determine the prevalence of Staphylococcus aureus and intestinal parasites ...
Ravikumara Madhur - - 2010
This is a case report of a 1-year-old, otherwise healthy, girl who presented with the history of refusal of solid foods and vomiting of 1-month duration. She underwent upper gastrointestinal endoscopy, which revealed an eye-catching endoscopic finding and the cause of her symptoms.
Arnett Heather A - - 2009
The intestine is subjected to a barrage of insults from food, bacterial flora, and pathogens. Despite this constant antigenic challenge, the mucosal tissues lining the intestinal tract remain largely under control. The mechanisms regulating the homeostatic balance in the gut have been investigated for many years by many groups, but ...
Kovalkovičová Natália - - 2009
According to world statistics, dogs and cats are the species that owners most frequently seek assistance with potential poisonings, accounting 95-98% of all reported animal cases. Exposures occur more commonly in the summer and in December that is associated with the holiday season. The majority (>90%) of animal poisonings are ...
Babiker M A - - 2009
Food-handlers (n = 1500) attending the public health laboratory in Khartoum, Sudan, for annual check-ups were screened for intestinal parasites by 3 different techniques (direct faecal examination, formol-ether concentration and floatation) to evaluate the adequacy of annual screening. Results showed that 29.4% of food-handlers were harbouring intestinal protozoa in stool ...
Harris R - - 2010
INTRODUCTION: The prevalence of eosinophilic oesophagitis is increasing. A Pubmed search for 'eosinophilic oesophagitis' and 'eosinophilic esophagitis' yielded 345 publications since 1976. Only seven were in otolaryngology journals.1-7 Patients typically present with dysphagia, vomiting, dyspepsia or food impaction and are therefore usually referred to a paediatric gastroenterologist; otolaryngologists are not ...
Hawkes Corinna - - 2009
The mapping and analysis of supply chains is a technique increasingly used to address problems in the food system. Yet such supply chain management has not yet been applied as a means of encouraging healthier diets. Moreover, most policies recommended to promote healthy eating focus on the consumer end of ...
Keiser Jennifer - - 2009
An estimated 750 million people are at risk of infections with food-borne trematodes, which comprise liver flukes (Clonorchis sinensis, Fasciola gigantica, Fasciola hepatica, Opisthorchis felineus, and Opisthorchis viverrini), lung flukes (Paragonimus spp.), and intestinal flukes (e.g., Echinostoma spp., Fasciolopsis buski, and the heterophyids). Food-borne trematodiases pose a significant public health ...
Moawad Fouad J - - 2009
Eosinophilic esophagitis is a chronic inflammatory disorder characterized by dense eosinophilic infiltration of the esophageal mucosa. The pathogenesis is incompletely understood and food allergies and aeroallergens have been implicated. The most common clinical presentation in adults is dysphagia to solids. Its associated endoscopic findings are distinct and include concentric rings ...
Franzen Lisa - - 2009
This study investigated how acculturation influences diet, cultural practices related to cooking and food preparation knowledge, and stature and body mass index (BMI) of Hmong children. Focus groups (n=12) were conducted during the spring of 2008 in St. Paul/Minneapolis, Minnesota with those born in the US and 9-13 years old ...
Zopf Yurdagül - - 2009
More than 20% of the population in industrialized countries suffer from food intolerance or food allergy. Selective literature search for relevant publications in PubMed and the Cochrane Library combined with further data from the interdisciplinary database on chronic inflammatory and allergic diseases of the Erlangen University Hospital. The majority of ...
Chen Yu-Kuei - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: The main objective of this study was to further elucidate the effect of consuming various foods on the development of squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) in three different sections of the esophagus. METHODS: A total of 343 patients with SCC of the esophagus and 755 cancer-free control subjects were recruited ...
< 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 >