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Results 351 - 400 of 652
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Du Huali - - 2010
Food impaction is a severe clinical trouble that bothers most people especially middle aged and old people. It is reported that the rate of food impaction is 92.2%. The incidence of 40-59 years old is 98.9%. It is a disease of high prevalence in population. It has influenced people's social ...
Chung Woo Chul - - 2010
A 53-yr-old man presented with a two-day history of odynophagia and a foreign body sensation. Two days before admission, the patient began to experience odynophagia and a foreign body sensation in the chest after swallowing several extremely hot pieces of solid food (prawn) in haste. Endoscopy revealed a huge longitudinal ...
Quested T E - - 2010
Current and potential future trends in technology, consumption and trade of food that may impact on food-borne disease are analysed and the key driving factors identified focusing on the European Union and, to a lesser extent, accounting for the United States and global issues. Understanding of factors is developed using ...
Saeed Humodi Ahmed - - 2010
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: Pathogenic organisms are thought to be widely distributed among food handlers. This study was designed to assess the prevalence of carriers of some pathogenic bacteria and intestinal parasites among food handlers in the city of Omdurman, Sudan. METHODS: A total of 518 nasal swabs and stool specimens were collected. ...
Carratù Brunella - - 2010
In Italy most herbal products are sold as food supplements and are subject only to food law. A list of about 1200 plants authorised for use in food supplements has been compiled by the Italian Ministry of Health. In order to review and possibly improve the Ministry's list an ad ...
James Clive - - 2010
In the early 1990s, some were skeptical that genetically modified (GM) crops, now referred to as biotech crops, could deliver improved products and make an impact at the farm level. There was even more skepticism that developing countries would adopt biotech crops. The adoption of and commercialization of biotech crops ...
Arnett Heather A - - 2010
The intestine is subjected to a barrage of insults from food, bacterial flora, and pathogens. Despite this constant antigenic challenge, the mucosal tissues lining the intestinal tract remain largely under control. The mechanisms regulating the homeostatic balance in the gut have been investigated for many years by many groups, but ...
Peters Siegfried - - 2010
Sucrose (alpha-D-glucopyranosyl-(1-->2)-beta-D-fructofuranoside) is an inexpensive chemical produced by sugar cane and sugar beet cultivation. Chemical and/or biochemical transformations convert it into highly valuable synthetic intermediates such as 5-hydroxymethylfurfural (HMF), bioethylene, 1,2-propylene glycol and levulinic acid. Sucrose can also be converted into biodegradable polymers such as polyesters and polyurethanes, as well ...
Estabrook Barry - - 2010
Milk has always been susceptible to price fluctuations. Farmers are used to putting away money during good times to see themselves through lean times. Recently, however, the cycles have become more violent, with lows falling lower and highs rising not quite so high and the intervals between peaks and valleys ...
Benjamin Jaya - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: Chronic intestinal pseudo-obstruction (CIPO) is a rare intestinal motility disorder. A prolonged avoidance of food due to fear of aggravation of postprandial symptoms leads to severe malnutrition. We report a case of a 21 y old man who was diagnosed as CIPO with a history of recurrent intestinal colic ...
Chukwuocha U M - - 2009
The spread of diseases through food is still a common problem which results in appreciable morbidity and occasional mortality. Food handlers play an important role in ensuring food safety throughout the chain of production, processing, storage and preparation. This study was designed to determine knowledge, attitude and practice of food ...
Maragos Chris - - 2009
Immunoassays are routinely used in the screening of commodities and foods for fungal toxins (mycotoxins). Demands to increase speed and lower costs have lead to continued improvements in such assays. Because many reported mycotoxins are low molecular weight (below 1 kDa), immunoassays for their detection have generally been constructed in ...
Simsek Zeynep - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: Food-borne diseases represent a persistent global health burden, and food handlers play a major role in their transmission. Staphylococcus aureus carriage and intestinal parasitism are important risk factors for the contamination of food and water. This study was undertaken to determine the prevalence of Staphylococcus aureus and intestinal parasites ...
Ravikumara Madhur - - 2010
This is a case report of a 1-year-old, otherwise healthy, girl who presented with the history of refusal of solid foods and vomiting of 1-month duration. She underwent upper gastrointestinal endoscopy, which revealed an eye-catching endoscopic finding and the cause of her symptoms.
Arnett Heather A - - 2009
The intestine is subjected to a barrage of insults from food, bacterial flora, and pathogens. Despite this constant antigenic challenge, the mucosal tissues lining the intestinal tract remain largely under control. The mechanisms regulating the homeostatic balance in the gut have been investigated for many years by many groups, but ...
Babiker M A - - 2009
Food-handlers (n = 1500) attending the public health laboratory in Khartoum, Sudan, for annual check-ups were screened for intestinal parasites by 3 different techniques (direct faecal examination, formol-ether concentration and floatation) to evaluate the adequacy of annual screening. Results showed that 29.4% of food-handlers were harbouring intestinal protozoa in stool ...
Kovalkovičová Natália - - 2009
According to world statistics, dogs and cats are the species that owners most frequently seek assistance with potential poisonings, accounting 95-98% of all reported animal cases. Exposures occur more commonly in the summer and in December that is associated with the holiday season. The majority (>90%) of animal poisonings are ...
Harris R - - 2010
INTRODUCTION: The prevalence of eosinophilic oesophagitis is increasing. A Pubmed search for 'eosinophilic oesophagitis' and 'eosinophilic esophagitis' yielded 345 publications since 1976. Only seven were in otolaryngology journals.1-7 Patients typically present with dysphagia, vomiting, dyspepsia or food impaction and are therefore usually referred to a paediatric gastroenterologist; otolaryngologists are not ...
Hawkes Corinna - - 2009
The mapping and analysis of supply chains is a technique increasingly used to address problems in the food system. Yet such supply chain management has not yet been applied as a means of encouraging healthier diets. Moreover, most policies recommended to promote healthy eating focus on the consumer end of ...
Keiser Jennifer - - 2009
An estimated 750 million people are at risk of infections with food-borne trematodes, which comprise liver flukes (Clonorchis sinensis, Fasciola gigantica, Fasciola hepatica, Opisthorchis felineus, and Opisthorchis viverrini), lung flukes (Paragonimus spp.), and intestinal flukes (e.g., Echinostoma spp., Fasciolopsis buski, and the heterophyids). Food-borne trematodiases pose a significant public health ...
Moawad Fouad J - - 2009
Eosinophilic esophagitis is a chronic inflammatory disorder characterized by dense eosinophilic infiltration of the esophageal mucosa. The pathogenesis is incompletely understood and food allergies and aeroallergens have been implicated. The most common clinical presentation in adults is dysphagia to solids. Its associated endoscopic findings are distinct and include concentric rings ...
Franzen Lisa - - 2009
This study investigated how acculturation influences diet, cultural practices related to cooking and food preparation knowledge, and stature and body mass index (BMI) of Hmong children. Focus groups (n=12) were conducted during the spring of 2008 in St. Paul/Minneapolis, Minnesota with those born in the US and 9-13 years old ...
Zopf Yurdagül - - 2009
More than 20% of the population in industrialized countries suffer from food intolerance or food allergy. Selective literature search for relevant publications in PubMed and the Cochrane Library combined with further data from the interdisciplinary database on chronic inflammatory and allergic diseases of the Erlangen University Hospital. The majority of ...
Chen Yu-Kuei - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: The main objective of this study was to further elucidate the effect of consuming various foods on the development of squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) in three different sections of the esophagus. METHODS: A total of 343 patients with SCC of the esophagus and 755 cancer-free control subjects were recruited ...
Neeliah S A - - 2009
Food control systems are being established or revamped in many countries because of problems occurring along the food chain and the obligations of governments towards the World Trade Organization. The main components of an ideal food control system are food legislation, administration, enforcement and supporting bodies like analytical services and ...
Bonis Peter A L - - 2009
The cause of eosinophilic esophagitis remains unknown, but its epidemiology and clinical features provide pieces to the puzzle. Eosinophilic esophagitis probably emerged in the 1950s or early 1960s, has an increasing incidence, occurs in most developed countries, is related to food allergies, affects adults and children, has a strong male ...
Palmieri Luisa - - 2009
Food product authentication provides a means of monitoring and identifying products for consumer protection and regulatory compliance. There is a scarcity of analytical methods for confirming the identity of fruit pulp in products containing Soft Fruit. In the present work we have developed a very sensible qualitative and quantitative method ...
Carvalho Roberta Villas Boas - - 2010
The aims of this study are to investigate dietary factors, food intolerance, and the body mass index data, as an indicator of nutritional status, in functional dyspepsia patients. Forty-one functional dyspepsia patients and 30 healthy volunteers answered a standardized questionnaire to identify eating habits and food intolerance, and then completed ...
Furuta Glenn T - - 2009
Eosinophilic esophagitis is a clinicopathological disease characterized by GERD-like symptoms, food impaction and dysphagia that occur with the histological finding of dense esophageal eosinophilia. Endoscopic features include linear furrows, white exudate and longitudinal shearing. Current concepts regarding the pathophysiology relate to a food allergen-induced overexpression of eosinophil-related cytokines including Il-5, ...
Heine Ralf G - - 2009
Over the past decade, there has been a significant increase in the number of children and adults with eosinophilic esophagitis (EE). This recently recognized form of chronic pan-esophagitis is characterized by dense eosinophilic infiltration of the esophageal mucosa. EE is closely associated with male gender and allergic disorders, such as ...
Abbara Aula - - 2009
An 80-year-old Caucasian woman presented with a 3-week history of painless jaundice, pruritis, dark urine and weight loss. Blood analysis demonstrated an obstructive jaundice pattern. A CT scan demonstrated a gas-filled duodenal diverticulum arising from the second part of the duodenum. Once food material was cleared from the diverticulum endoscopically, ...
Chen Chien-Lin - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Secondary peristalsis is important for the clearance of retained refluxate or material from the oesophagus. Combined impedance and manometry can directly detect both oesophageal contraction and bolus transit. AIM: To apply combined impedance and manometry to characterize oesophageal bolus transit and clearance by secondary peristalsis in healthy individuals. METHODS: ...
Chen Yu-Hsin - - 2008
The most common esophageal foreign body in adults is impacted food bolus. Polypectomy snares, Dormia baskets, retrieval nets, rat-tooth forceps, alligator forceps or polyp graspers are usually used to remove it. Here, we report the case of a 78-year-old woman whose esophagogastroduodenoscopy (EGD) showed a firm goose liver impacted tightly ...
Rajagopalan Jaishree - - 2009
Distal esophageal or Schatzki's rings are a common cause of intermittent solid food dysphagia requiring endoscopic dilation for relief. Similarly, eosinophilic esophagitis (EE) is a rapidly emerging disease in both children and young adults, and manifests as dysphagia to solids and/or episodic food bolus impaction. Endoscopic findings vary considerably among ...
Schalinski Sarah - - 2009
Achalasia is a neurodegenerative condition characterized by esophageal dysmotility and megaesophagus. Two cases are reported that demonstrate unexpected deaths associated with previously unsuspected achalasia. Case 1: A 66-year-old woman was found dead at her home. At autopsy significant stenosing coronary artery atherosclerosis was found with cardiac failure. In addition, a ...
Khurana Sumeeta - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Intestinal infection is still an important public health problem in developing countries like India. Food handlers may be infected by a wide range of enteropathogens and have been implicated in the transmission of many infections to the public in the community and to patients in hospitals. AIM: To study ...
Nonevski Ilche T - - 2008
Eosinophilic esophagitis is an increasingly recognized cause of a variety of esophageal symptoms, including dysphagia, food impaction, atypical chest pain, and heartburn that does not respond to medical therapy. Its cause is unknown, but allergic and immune-mediated mechanisms similar to those of asthma and other atopic diseases are implicated.
Dughera L - - 2008
Achalasia is a rare motor disorder of the esophagus, characterized by the absence of peristalsis and impaired swallow-induced relaxation. These motor abnormalities result in stasis of ingested food in the esophagus, leading to clinical symptoms, such as dysphagia, regurgitation of food, retrosternal pain and weight loss. Etiology is unknown. Some ...
Kolsum Umme - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Impulse oscillometry system (IOS) assesses pulmonary resistance and reactance. We set out to investigate which IOS measurements are related to airflow obstruction, airway conductance and lung volumes in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). METHODS: Ninety-four COPD patients were recruited and 58 agreed to follow up after 1 year. IOS ...
Ozdemir Oner - - 2009
Food intolerance is an adverse reaction to a particular food or ingredient that may or may not be related to the immune system. A deficiency in digestive enzymes can also cause some types of food intolerances like lactose and gluten intolerance. Food intolerances may cause unpleasant symptoms, including nausea, bloating, ...
Basavaraju K P - - 2008
Eosinophilic oesophagitis (EO) is an increasingly recognised chronic, relapsing inflammatory condition of the oesophagus. There has been a mini-epidemic of EO in the last decade. The incidence of this condition is higher in children and is commoner in males. There is either a family or personal history of atopic conditions ...
Nelson Mia - - 2008
Food intolerance is one of medicine's modern enigmas. Its etiology and mechanism are unclear and the subject of constant debate, while estimates of its prevalence vary widely from 2% to over 20% of the population. Using interpretive phenomenonological analysis, this study explored the phenomenon of food intolerance in primary care ...
Gündüz Turan - - 2008
Food handlers play a major role in the transmission of foodborne diseases. Nasal Staphylococcus aureus (S. aureus) carriage and intestinal parasitism are important risk factors in contamination. The purpose of the authors' study was to determine the prevalence of intestinal parasites and nasal S. aureus carriage among food handlers in ...
Prasad Ganapathy A - - 2008
Eosinophilic esophagitis in adults is a disease characterized by eosinophilic infiltration of the esophageal mucosa and symptoms of long-standing solid food dysphagia and food impactions. First described in 1978, this syndrome is being recognized increasingly in the developed world, with multiple case series reported from the United States, Europe, and ...
Dargent Jérôme - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Erosion, slippage, and esophageal dilatation have been acknowledged as typical long-term issues after lap banding. Yet it seems from our experience that isolated food intolerance has become a leading cause for band removal, although not reported as such in the literature. METHODS: There were 1,450 patients who have been ...
Iacoviello Licia - - 2008
The border between health and disease is often set by a complex equilibrium between two elements, genetics on one hand, lifestyle on the other, To know it better, means to give new weapons, often crucial, in the hands of the doctors and their patients. It also means to adjust therapies, ...
Liguori Gennaro - - 2008
A young man with a previous history of episodes of mild solid food dysphagia was admitted with a total dysphagia. The esophagogastroduodenoscopy (EGDS) showed an extensive disruption of mucosal layer with a cul-de-sac in the lower part of the esophagus. Soon after the procedure, the patient suffered from an acute ...
Siddiqui Ali Ahmed - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Acute esophageal food impaction (EFI) may be treated by endoscopic extraction of the food bolus either en bloc or in a piecemeal fashion. We have found this endoscopic extraction technique to be unsatisfactory. OBJECTIVE: Our purpose was to demonstrate the use of through-the-scope (TTS), wire-guided esophageal balloon dilation to ...
Fox Victor L - - 2008
Eosinophilic esophagitis is a condition characterized by a dense infiltration of eosinophils within the epithelium that may extend into the deeper layers of the esophagus associated with distinctive endoscopic changes. The changes are frequently found in patients who have hypersensitivity to various foods and aeroallergens but overlap exists with gastroesophageal ...
Francalanci Paola - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Esophageal diseases are common in infants and children, and may present with several clinical and pathological aspects. Eosinophilic esophagitis (EE) is characterized by inflammatory, predominantly eosinophilic infiltrate (> or =15 eosinophils per high-power field (HPF)) that is not responsive to acid suppression therapy. An immunoallergic pathogenesis has been hypothesized, ...
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