Search Results
Results 251 - 300 of 675
< 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 >
Jiang Zheng - - 2011
The presence and growth of Listeria monocytogenes on ready-to-eat (RTE) turkey is an important food safety issue. The antilisterial efficacy of four polysaccharide-based edible coatings (starch, chitosan, alginate and pectin) incorporating sodium lactate (SL) and sodium diacetate (SD) as well as commercial preparations Opti.Form PD4, NovaGARD™ CB1, Protect-M and Guardian™ ...
Fernandes Angela - - 2011
Chestnut (Castanea sativa Miller) is an important food resource all over the world. In the present study, it is intended to evaluate if the application of gamma irradiation doses ⩽3kGy maintain chestnuts chemical and nutritional profiles unaffected. Furthermore, possible interactions among irradiation dose and storage time were accessed using linear ...
Lewinski Nastassja A - - 2011
To investigate the trophic transfer of nanomaterials along the food chain, we examined the potential trophic transfer and biomagnification of CdSe/ZnS quantum dots (QDs) in a simple freshwater food chain. Our results indicate that QDs can transfer from zooplankton to Danio rerio (zebrafish) by dietary exposure. No significant biomagnification of ...
Hebden Lana - - 2011
Aim:  Persuasive marketing techniques, such as promotional characters, influence children's food preferences and requests for foods. The aim of this research was to describe the techniques used to market unhealthy foods and beverages to children on Sydney free-to-air television. Methods:  Marketing techniques designed to appeal to children were identified from ...
Nelson Chad P - - 2011
The US Food and Drug Administration's Office of Food Additive Safety in the Center for Food Safety and Applied Nutrition conducts safety assessments of food additives, including food-contact substances such as polymeric and oligomeric materials that have the potential to migrate to food. Traditionally, little toxicity testing has been conducted ...
Scott-Thomas Amy - - 2011
2-Aminoacetophenone can be detected in the breath of Pseudomonas aeruginosa colonized cystic fibrosis patients; however, low levels were also detected in a small proportion of healthy subjects. It was hypothesized that food, beverages, cosmetics or medications could be a source of contamination of 2-aminoacetophenone in breath. To determine the potential ...
Dixit Sumita - - 2011
Exposure studies in children are emphasized nowadays given children's higher consumption vulnerability. The present study generated national-level data covering 16 major states of India on the usage pattern of colours and it identified food commodities through which a particular colour has the scope to exceed ADI limits. Out of the ...
Barry Colleen L - - 2011
The American public holds mixed views about the desirability of government action to combat childhood obesity. The framing of coverage by news media may affect citizens' views about the causes of childhood obesity and the most appropriate strategies for addressing the problem. We analyzed the content of a 20% random ...
Crisinel Anne-Sylvie - - 2011
A number of crossmodal associations have now been described in the context of food evaluation, such as between tastes or flavours and musical notes (Crisinel & Spence, 2010b). Here we extend these findings by presenting flavoured milk solutions of varying fat contents. The participants in the present study matched a ...
Wood Laura J - - 2011
The National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) has been working with the National Institutes of Health Office of Dietary Supplements to produce Standard Reference Materials (SRMs) of interest to analysts of dietary supplements. Some of these SRMs are traditional foods including SRM 3281 Cranberry (Fruit), SRM 3282 Low-Calorie Cranberry ...
Lopez de Dicastillo Carol - - 2011
Ethylene vinyl alcohol copolymer (EVOH) films containing green tea extract were successfully produced by extrusion. The films were brown and translucent and the addition of the extract increased the water and oxygen barrier at low RH but increased the water sensitivity, increased the glass transition temperature and the crystallinity of ...
Zhao Jing - - 2011
The concept of "Let food be thy medicine and medicine be thy food" was widely accepted for thousand years. It is now well known that some foods and food components have beneficial physiological and psychological effects. In China, the Ministry of Health of the People's Republic of China announced 87 ...
Thombre Avinash G - - 2011
PURPOSE: To develop and characterize new formulations of ziprasidone with a reduced food effect achieved by increasing exposure in the fasted state. METHODS: Formulations were developed utilizing the following solubilization technologies: inclusion complex of ziprasidone mesylate and cyclodextrin, ziprasidone free base nano-suspension, and semi-ordered ziprasidone HCl in polymer matrix. Pharmacokinetic ...
Müller Dennis W H - - 2011
The relevance of the mean retention time (MRT) of particles through the gastrointestinal tract (GIT) is well understood and MRT(particle)GIT is an important parameter in digestion models. Solute markers have been used to estimate MRT(solute)GIT (or 'fluid passage') in animals, but the relevance of this measure is less evident and ...
Arora Pooja - - 2011
The wholesomeness of food is the real proviso for healthy life. Food freed from microbial and chemical cross-contaminations adds on to its hygienic and nutritive value. Infectious diseases spreading every day through food have become a life-threatening problem for millions of people around the world. Food or food products are ...
Morris V J - - 2011
Nanoscience is the study of phenomena and the manipulation of materials at the atomic or molecular level. Nanotechnology involves the design, production and use of structures through control of the size and shape of the materials at the nanometre scale. Nanotechnology in the food sector is an emerging area with ...
Birch A Nicholas E - - 2011
Drivers behind food security and crop protection issues are discussed in relation to food losses caused by pests. Pests globally consume food estimated to feed an additional one billion people. Key drivers include rapid human population increase, climate change, loss of beneficial on-farm biodiversity, reduction in per capita cropped land, ...
Mulchandani Ashok - - 2011
Organophosphates, amongst the most toxic substance known, are used widely in agriculture around the world. Their extensive use, however, has resulted in their occurrence in the water and food supply threatening humans and animals. Therefore, there is a need for determination of these neurotoxic compounds sensitively, selectively, and rapidly in ...
Asensio-Ramos María - - 2011
Over the last years, liquid-phase microextraction (LPME) in its different application modes (single drop microextraction, dispersive liquid-liquid microextraction and hollow fiber-LPME) has been increasingly applied for the extraction of both inorganic and organic analytes from different matrices. Its advantages over conventional extraction procedures (simplicity, effectiveness, rapidity and low consumption of ...
Robert L - - 2011
We present a review of our early work on the Maillard reaction, at the interface of food chemistry and tissue biochemistry, as well as the reinterpretation of our early findings in the light of recent advances in the chemistry of the involved reactions. These concern specifically the role of lower ...
Schoder Dagmar - - 2011
The aim of this study was to determine the transmission routs of Listeria spp. in dairy farms manufacturing fresh cheese made from ovine and caprine raw milk and to evaluate the impact of Listeria monocytogenes mastitis on raw milk contamination. Overall, 5,799 samples, including 835 environmental samples, 230 milk and ...
Rubio R - - 2011
The importance of ewe milk lies in the production of high quality cheeses, such as Manchego cheese with a Protected Designation of Origin, whose safety must be guaranteed. In a 2-yr study, 407 bulk tank milk samples from farms and 82 silo milk and curd samples from cheese factories were ...
Ghosh Anupam - - 2011
Background and objectives: In integrated vector management programmes, major emphasis is given on the application of biocontrol agents. In the present study, the hemipteran water bug, Laccotrephes griseus (Hemiptera: Nepidae) was evaluated to establish its functional response against the immature Culex quinquefasciatus Say in the laboratory. Methods: Adult water bugs ...
Kostić Tanja - - 2011
Microbial diagnostic microarrays are tools for simultaneous detection and identification of microorganisms in food, clinical, and environmental samples. In comparison to classic methods, microarray-based systems have the potential for high throughput, parallelism, and miniaturization. High specificity and high sensitivity of detection have been demonstrated. A microbial diagnostic microarray for the ...
Niemira Brendan A - - 2011
Contamination of tomatoes with Salmonella is a recurring food safety concern. Irradiation is a nonthermal intervention that can inactivate pathogens on fresh and minimally processed produce. However, the influence of tomato processing protocols, including time in refrigerated storage and time between slicing and irradiation, has not been determined. Roma tomatoes ...
Alcoser V H Lascano - - 2011
The aim of this study was to quantify the financial consequences of a milk-dioxin crisis on the stages of the dairy chain involved. The milk dioxin contamination impact model was designed for this purpose and also was used to estimate the net costs of control measures limiting the impact. Results ...
Dima Giovanna - - 2011
Party plates made of recycled paperboard with a polyolefin film on the food contact surface (more often polypropylene than polyethylene) were tested for migration of mineral oil into various foods applying reasonable worst case conditions. The worst case was identified as a slice of fried meat placed onto the plate ...
Miles David - - 2011
Cassava (Manihot esculenta Crantz) is a widely consumed food in the tropics that naturally contains cyanogenic glycosides (cyanogens, mainly composed of linamarin, acetone cyanohydrin, and hydrocyanic acid). If cassava is not adequately processed to reduce the level of cyanogens prior to consumption, these compounds can lead to the formation of ...
D'eon Jessica C - - 2011
In comparison to other persistent organic pollutants, human fluorochemical contamination is relatively complicated. This complication arises at least in part from a disparity between the chemicals used commercially and those measured in the environment and humans. Commercial fluorochemical products are dominated by fluorinated polymers used in textile or carpet applications, ...
Tittlemier S A - - 2011
The mycotoxin ochratoxin A (OTA) is known to be heterogeneously distributed both intrinsically (from one individual food item to the next) as well as distributionally (throughout a sample of individual food items) in cereals and cereal-based foods. Therefore, proper sampling and sample comminution are special challenges, but are prerequisites for ...
Cao X-L - - 2011
A total of 154 food composite samples from the 2008 total diet study in Quebec City were analysed for bisphenol A (BPA), and BPA was detected in less than half (36%, or 55 samples) of the samples tested. High concentrations of BPA were found mostly in the composite samples containing ...
Honselman Carla S - - 2011
It was hypothesized that consuming in-shell pistachios, compared to shelled pistachios, causes individuals to consume less. A convenience sample of students at a mid-western university (n=140) was recruited, asking them to evaluate a variety of brands of pistachios. A survey at the end of class determined fullness and satisfaction. Subjects ...
Levis James W - - 2011
There is increasing interest in the use of biodegradable materials because they are believed to be "greener". In a landfill, these materials degrade anaerobically to form methane and carbon dioxide. The fraction of the methane that is collected can be utilized as an energy source and the fraction of the ...
Maurin Anne-Catherine - - 2011
PURPOSE: Selection of a balanced diet has a determinant impact on human health. Individual food preferences involve socio-cultural as well as physiological factors and evolve during aging. In mammals, physiological mechanisms governing food choices appear to require the sensing of nutrient concentrations in diet. This is particularly the case for ...
Lang Roman - - 2011
Scope: In order to validate the in vivo function of putatively healthy molecules in foods, human intervention studies are required. As the subject's compliance concerning intake or abstinence of a given food is considered mandatory to be monitored by biomarkers, the objective was to identify analytical markers for coffee consumption. ...
Chen Yi - - 2011
Abstract Listeria monocytogenes is an intracellular foodborne pathogen that has been associated with severe human illnesses. Various rapid detection methods have been developed for the specific detection of this pathogen. In the present study, a real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction (PCR) assay targeting iap, a gene encoding extracellular protein p60, ...
Shao D - - 2011
SUMMARYFoodborne zoonoses have a major impact on public health in China. Its booming economy and rapid socioeconomic changes have affected food production, food supplies and food consumption habits, resulting in an increase in the number of outbreaks of foodborne zoonoses. Both emerging and re-emerging foodborne zoonoses have attracted increasing national ...
Noonan Gregory O - - 2011
Metal food and drink cans are commonly coated with epoxy films made from phenolic polymers produced from bisphenol A (BPA). It is well established that residual BPA monomer migrates into can contents during processing and storage. While a number of studies have reported BPA concentrations in foods from foreign markets ...
Doosey Michael H - - 2011
We studied the morphology and shape variation of the palatal organ and chewing pad of sucker fishes, family Catostomidae. The palatal organ is a muscularized structure that forms a large mass on the roof of the posterior part of the buccopharyngeal cavity in cypriniform fishes. It functions in coordination with ...
Crum Alia J - - 2011
Objective: To test whether physiological satiation as measured by the gut peptide ghrelin may vary depending on the mindset in which one approaches consumption of food. Methods: On 2 separate occasions, participants (n = 46) consumed a 380-calorie milkshake under the pretense that it was either a 620-calorie "indulgent" shake ...
Wang Li - - 2011
A loop-mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP) method for rapid detection of the food-borne L. monocytogenes strains had been developed and evaluated in this study. The optimal reaction condition was 65°C for 45 min, with the detection limit as 1 pg DNA/tube and 100 CFU/reaction. Application of the established LAMP assay was performed on 182 ...
Doménech-Sánchez Antonio - - 2011
Abstract The aim of this study was to survey the microbial levels of food contact surfaces in hotels. Microbiological levels of 4611 surfaces (chopping machines, kitchenware, knives, worktops, and cutting boards) from 280 different facilities in Spain were determined in a 3-year period. The contact-plate technique was used throughout the ...
Geens Tinne - - 2011
This review summarizes the numerous applications of bisphenol-A (BPA) and the potential sources for human exposure. The exposure to humans is believed to occur mainly through food contamination from polycarbonate bottles, as well as through food and beverage cans coated with epoxy resins. However, there seems to be a discrepancy ...
Jarvis Basil - - 2011
Studies on the precision of chemical methods of analysis, and the associated 'sampling uncertainty', suggest that analysis of eight replicate sample units (the sample size) is required to ensure adequate analytical precision. The primary purpose of this work was to assess whether these findings are equally applicable in microbiological examination ...
Touchton Janeene M - - 2011
When a community loses species through fragmentation, its total food consumption may drop. Compensatory responses of remaining species, whereby survivors assume roles of extinct competitors, may reduce the impact of species loss through numerical or functional responses. We measured compensatory responses in two remaining antbird species on Barro Colorado Island, ...
Shepherd Louise Vt - - 2011
The combined factors of financial and food security, a rapidly increasing population and the associated requirement for food generated sustainably in a changing environment have brought food swiftly to the top of most government agendas. The consequence of this is that we need to produce more food at an equivalent ...
Wallace F Morgan - - 2011
The new BAX System PCR Assay for Genus Listeria 24E was evaluated for detecting Listeria spp. in frankfurters, spinach, cooked shrimp, queso fresco cheese, and on stainless steel surfaces with a single-stage enrichment in BAX System 24 Listeria Enrichment Broth (24 LEB). Method comparison studies performed on samples with low-level ...
Wu Jiajia - - 2011
To improve understanding of human background exposure to dioxins, the influence of cooking on dioxin concentrations in food has received much attention. Studies have focused on changes in the distribution of dioxins that originate from raw foods. However, the possibility of dioxin formation during cooking has been neglected. In this ...
Li Yuyuan - - 2011
The development of microfluidic tools for nucleic acid analysis has become a burgeoning area of research during the postgenome era. Here we have developed a microfluidic device that integrates reverse transcription (RT) and polymerase chain reaction (PCR) with online fluorescence detection to realize a rapid detection system for performing both ...
Bleuler-Martínez S - - 2011
Fruiting body lectins are ubiquitous in higher fungi and characterized by being synthesized in the cytoplasm and up-regulated during sexual development. The function of these lectins is unclear. A lack of phenotype in sexual development upon inactivation of the respective genes argues against a function in this process. We tested ...
< 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 >