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Results 201 - 250 of 654
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Zitz Ulrike - - 2011
Recent foodborne crises have demonstrated the importance of monitoring food safety. In terms of microbiological criteria, food safety requires the reliable detection of pathogens such as Listeria monocytogenes along the food chain by appropriate analytical methods. However, indications exist that accompanying Listeria innocua strains suppress the growth of L. monocytogenes ...
Sénéchal Sandra - - 2011
Nutrition refers to the process by which a living organism ingests and digests food and uses the nutrients therein for growth, tissue maintenance and all other functions essential to life. Food components interact with our body at molecular, cellular, organ and system level. Nutrients come in complex mixtures, in which ...
Feng Y Z - - 2011
A total of 255 corn samples collected in 2010 from three main corn production provinces of China (Liaoning, Shandong, and Henan) were analyzed for contamination with fumonisins (FB(1) and FB(2)). The incidence of contamination was significantly higher in samples from Liaoning than in samples from the other two provinces. Approximately ...
Malhotra Neeraj - - 2011
Purpose:  This study investigated the effects of three indigenous food stains (tea, tobacco, turmeric) on a nanocomposite (Ceram-X-Mono, Dentsply DeTery, Konstanz, Germany), a microhybrid posterior (P60, 3M ESPE, St. Paul, MN, USA), and a universal microhybrid (Z100, 3M ESPE) resin-based composite (RBC). Materials and Methods:  Thirty-six disk-shaped specimens were fabricated ...
Swithers Susan E - - 2011
The use of food products designed to mimic the sensory properties of sweet and fat while providing fewer calories has been promoted as a method for reducing food intake and body weight. However, such products may interfere with a learned relationship between the sensory properties of food and the caloric ...
Powell Lisa M - - 2011
To examine trends in children's exposure to food-related advertising on television by age, product category, and company. Nutritional content analysis using television ratings data for 2003, 2005, 2007, and 2009 for children. Annual age-specific television ratings data captured children's exposure to broadcast network, cable network, syndicated, and spot television food ...
Lin Andrew - - 2011
Identification and serotyping of Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli during foodborne outbreaks can aid in matching clinical, food, and environmental isolates when trying to identify the source of illness and ultimately food contamination. Herein we describe a Luminex microbead-based suspension array to identify the O serogroup of the ten most clinically ...
Fontcuberta Mireia - - 2011
Inorganic Arsenic (iAs) is considered a human carcinogen. In this paper, total (As) and iAs content of 215 food products and drinks (i.e. Seafood, fruits and vegetables, meat products, oils and fats, rice and rice products, seasonings and alcoholic drinks) marketed in Catalonia (Spain) was quantified by inductively coupled plasma-mass ...
Ye Jing - - 2011
Azodicarbonamide, as bleaching agent and improving agent, is a permitted food additive in certain countries and can be determined by HPLC. However, it partially degrades with the heat of processing to form trace amounts of semicarbazide, which shows carcinogenicity and also has been shown to cause tumors. The concentration of ...
Duncan Timothy V - - 2011
In this article, several applications of nanomaterials in food packaging and food safety are reviewed, including: polymer/clay nanocomposites as high barrier packaging materials, silver nanoparticles as potent antimicrobial agents, and nanosensors and nanomaterial-based assays for the detection of food-relevant analytes (gasses, small organic molecules and food-borne pathogens). In addition to ...
- - 2011
The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) is classifying the electrocardiograph electrode, intended to acquire and transmit the electrical signal at the body surface to a processor that produces an electrocardiogram (ECG) or vectorcardiogram, into class II (special controls). FDA is also exempting this device from the premarket notification requirement.
Fernandes A R - - 2011
The concentrations of selected polychlorinated naphthalene (PCN) congeners (PCNs 52, 53, 66/67, 68, 69, 71/72, 73, 74 and 75) were determined in 100 commonly consumed foods, in the first study on occurrence of these contaminants in the Republic of Ireland. Congener selection was based on current knowledge on PCN occurrence ...
Zilberman Yael - - 2011
In the present work we introduce a cross-reactive array of synthetically-designed Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons (PAH) and single wall carbon nanotube (SWCNT) bilayers, and demonstrate its huge potential in discriminating between polar and nonpolar volatile organic compounds (VOCs), as well as between the different VOCs from each sub-group. Using appropriate combinations ...
Krska Rudolf - - 2011
This article covers challenges and trends in the determination of some major food chemical contaminants and allergens, which-among others-are being monitored by Health Canada's Food Directorate and for which background levels in food and human exposure are being analyzed and calculated. Eleven different contaminants/contaminant groups and allergens have been selected ...
Wright Iain A - - 2011
As the demand for livestock products increases, and is expected to continue to increase over the next few decades, especially in developing countries, smallholder mixed systems are becoming more intensive. However, with limited land and water resources and concern about the environmental impact of agricultural practices and climate change, the ...
Laube T - - 2011
Gliadin is a constituent of the cereal protein gluten, responsible for the intolerance generated in celiac disease. Its detection is of high interest for food safety of celiac patients, since the only treatment known until now is a lifelong avoidance of this protein in the diet. Therefore, it is essential ...
Harada Kouji H - - 2011
Short-chain chlorinated paraffins (SCCPs) persist in the environment and bioaccumulate in biota, and are under review by the Stockholm Convention on persistent organic pollutants. SCCP levels were measured semi-quantitatively in pooled 24-h food composite samples from Chinese (n=10), Korean (n=10) and Japanese (n=40) adults in the 1990s and 2007-2009. In ...
Rodríguez Alicia - - 2011
Ochratoxin A (OTA) is a mycotoxin synthesized by a variety of different fungi, most of them from the genera Penicillium and Aspergillus. Early detection and quantification of OTA producing species is crucial to improve food safety. In the present work, two protocols of real-time qPCR based on SYBR Green and ...
Song H - - 2011
An analytical method for the determination of silver in food simulants (3% (w/v) aqueous acetic acid or 95% (v/v) aqueous ethanol) was developed based on inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (ICP-MS). Recoveries ranged from 87% to 109% and RSDs ranged from 0.7% to 7.8%. The procedure was applied to determine ...
Schmid Jochen - - 2011
Since its first description in the early 1960s, scleroglucan attracted much attention from both academia and industry. Scleroglucan is an exopolysaccharide secreted by the basidiomycete Sclerotium rolfsii and appreciated as a multipurpose compound applicable in many industrial fields, including oil industry, food industry and pharmacy. In this review, the current ...
Zhang Kai - - 2011
The screening of pesticide residues plays a vital role in food safety. Applications of high throughput analytical procedures are desirable for screening a large number of pesticides and food samples in a time-efficient and cost-effective manner. This review discusses how sample throughput of pesticide analysis could be improved with an ...
Mulholland R Stephen - - 2011
Noninvasive body contouring is perhaps one of the most alluring areas of esthetic surgery today. This article discusses current noninvasive body-contouring modalities, including suction massage devices, radiofrequency energy, high-frequency focused ultrasound, cryolipolysis, and low-level light laser therapy devices. It also discusses imminent technologies awaiting approval by the Food and Drug ...
Jamieson A J - - 2011
A scavenging interaction between the arrow tooth eel Synaphobranchus kaupii and the Portuguese dogfish Centroscymnus coelolepis, both ubiquitous components of fish assemblages at bathyal depths, was observed. Using a baited camera between 1297 and 2453 m in the eastern Atlantic Ocean continental slope, it was shown that despite consistently rapid ...
Hoelzer Karin - - 2011
Despite growing concerns about cross-contamination of ready-to-eat foods with Listeria monocytogenes, our knowledge about the ecology and transmission of L. monocytogenes in retail establishments has remained limited. We conducted a cross-sectional study to characterize the prevalence, distribution, and subtype diversity of L. monocytogenes in 120 New York State retail deli ...
Haraszi Reka - - 2011
The current essential therapy of celiac disease is a strict adherence to a gluten-free diet. Besides food products that are naturally gluten-free, "very low gluten" and "gluten-free" bakery products have become available. The availability of immunochemical and other analytical methods to determine gluten markers in foods is of utmost importance ...
Cowie Sarah - - 2011
It has long been understood that food deliveries may act as signals of future food location, and not only as strengtheners of prefood responding as the law of effect suggests. Recent research has taken this idea further--the main effect of food deliveries, or other "reinforcers", may be signaling rather than ...
Sezgintürk Mustafa Kemal - - 2011
Abstract: The aim of the study presented here is to develop a biosensor based on mushroom (Agaricus bisporus) tissue homogenate for sensitive and economical determination of sulfite in foods. The working principle of the biosensor is based on an inhibition effect of sulfite on polyphenol oxidases in mushroom. Mushroom tissue ...
Chao Dan-Ping - - 2011
In traditional Chinese medicine, hot- and cold-attribute of food ingredients are a major part of dietary therapy. The aim of this study was to establish a suitable scientific methodology to define the attributes of food ingredients by investigating the relationship between food attributes and the physiological signals produced in healthy ...
Iriarte-Díaz Jose - - 2011
Chewing kinematics reflects interactions between centrally generated motor signals and peripheral sensory feedback from the constantly changing oral environment. Chewing is a strongly modulated behavior that responds to differences in material properties among different type of foods and to changes in the external physical properties of the food as the ...
Jiang Zheng - - 2011
The presence and growth of Listeria monocytogenes on ready-to-eat (RTE) turkey is an important food safety issue. The antilisterial efficacy of four polysaccharide-based edible coatings (starch, chitosan, alginate and pectin) incorporating sodium lactate (SL) and sodium diacetate (SD) as well as commercial preparations Opti.Form PD4, NovaGARD™ CB1, Protect-M and Guardian™ ...
Fernandes Angela - - 2011
Chestnut (Castanea sativa Miller) is an important food resource all over the world. In the present study, it is intended to evaluate if the application of gamma irradiation doses ⩽3kGy maintain chestnuts chemical and nutritional profiles unaffected. Furthermore, possible interactions among irradiation dose and storage time were accessed using linear ...
Lewinski Nastassja A - - 2011
To investigate the trophic transfer of nanomaterials along the food chain, we examined the potential trophic transfer and biomagnification of CdSe/ZnS quantum dots (QDs) in a simple freshwater food chain. Our results indicate that QDs can transfer from zooplankton to Danio rerio (zebrafish) by dietary exposure. No significant biomagnification of ...
Hebden Lana - - 2011
Aim:  Persuasive marketing techniques, such as promotional characters, influence children's food preferences and requests for foods. The aim of this research was to describe the techniques used to market unhealthy foods and beverages to children on Sydney free-to-air television. Methods:  Marketing techniques designed to appeal to children were identified from ...
Nelson Chad P - - 2011
The US Food and Drug Administration's Office of Food Additive Safety in the Center for Food Safety and Applied Nutrition conducts safety assessments of food additives, including food-contact substances such as polymeric and oligomeric materials that have the potential to migrate to food. Traditionally, little toxicity testing has been conducted ...
Scott-Thomas Amy - - 2011
2-Aminoacetophenone can be detected in the breath of Pseudomonas aeruginosa colonized cystic fibrosis patients; however, low levels were also detected in a small proportion of healthy subjects. It was hypothesized that food, beverages, cosmetics or medications could be a source of contamination of 2-aminoacetophenone in breath. To determine the potential ...
Dixit Sumita - - 2011
Exposure studies in children are emphasized nowadays given children's higher consumption vulnerability. The present study generated national-level data covering 16 major states of India on the usage pattern of colours and it identified food commodities through which a particular colour has the scope to exceed ADI limits. Out of the ...
Barry Colleen L - - 2011
The American public holds mixed views about the desirability of government action to combat childhood obesity. The framing of coverage by news media may affect citizens' views about the causes of childhood obesity and the most appropriate strategies for addressing the problem. We analyzed the content of a 20% random ...
Crisinel Anne-Sylvie - - 2011
A number of crossmodal associations have now been described in the context of food evaluation, such as between tastes or flavours and musical notes (Crisinel & Spence, 2010b). Here we extend these findings by presenting flavoured milk solutions of varying fat contents. The participants in the present study matched a ...
Wood Laura J - - 2011
The National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) has been working with the National Institutes of Health Office of Dietary Supplements to produce Standard Reference Materials (SRMs) of interest to analysts of dietary supplements. Some of these SRMs are traditional foods including SRM 3281 Cranberry (Fruit), SRM 3282 Low-Calorie Cranberry ...
Lopez de Dicastillo Carol - - 2011
Ethylene vinyl alcohol copolymer (EVOH) films containing green tea extract were successfully produced by extrusion. The films were brown and translucent and the addition of the extract increased the water and oxygen barrier at low RH but increased the water sensitivity, increased the glass transition temperature and the crystallinity of ...
Zhao Jing - - 2011
The concept of "Let food be thy medicine and medicine be thy food" was widely accepted for thousand years. It is now well known that some foods and food components have beneficial physiological and psychological effects. In China, the Ministry of Health of the People's Republic of China announced 87 ...
Thombre Avinash G - - 2011
PURPOSE: To develop and characterize new formulations of ziprasidone with a reduced food effect achieved by increasing exposure in the fasted state. METHODS: Formulations were developed utilizing the following solubilization technologies: inclusion complex of ziprasidone mesylate and cyclodextrin, ziprasidone free base nano-suspension, and semi-ordered ziprasidone HCl in polymer matrix. Pharmacokinetic ...
Müller Dennis W H - - 2011
The relevance of the mean retention time (MRT) of particles through the gastrointestinal tract (GIT) is well understood and MRT(particle)GIT is an important parameter in digestion models. Solute markers have been used to estimate MRT(solute)GIT (or 'fluid passage') in animals, but the relevance of this measure is less evident and ...
Arora Pooja - - 2011
The wholesomeness of food is the real proviso for healthy life. Food freed from microbial and chemical cross-contaminations adds on to its hygienic and nutritive value. Infectious diseases spreading every day through food have become a life-threatening problem for millions of people around the world. Food or food products are ...
Morris V J - - 2011
Nanoscience is the study of phenomena and the manipulation of materials at the atomic or molecular level. Nanotechnology involves the design, production and use of structures through control of the size and shape of the materials at the nanometre scale. Nanotechnology in the food sector is an emerging area with ...
Birch A Nicholas E - - 2011
Drivers behind food security and crop protection issues are discussed in relation to food losses caused by pests. Pests globally consume food estimated to feed an additional one billion people. Key drivers include rapid human population increase, climate change, loss of beneficial on-farm biodiversity, reduction in per capita cropped land, ...
Mulchandani Ashok - - 2011
Organophosphates, amongst the most toxic substance known, are used widely in agriculture around the world. Their extensive use, however, has resulted in their occurrence in the water and food supply threatening humans and animals. Therefore, there is a need for determination of these neurotoxic compounds sensitively, selectively, and rapidly in ...
Asensio-Ramos María - - 2011
Over the last years, liquid-phase microextraction (LPME) in its different application modes (single drop microextraction, dispersive liquid-liquid microextraction and hollow fiber-LPME) has been increasingly applied for the extraction of both inorganic and organic analytes from different matrices. Its advantages over conventional extraction procedures (simplicity, effectiveness, rapidity and low consumption of ...
Robert L - - 2011
We present a review of our early work on the Maillard reaction, at the interface of food chemistry and tissue biochemistry, as well as the reinterpretation of our early findings in the light of recent advances in the chemistry of the involved reactions. These concern specifically the role of lower ...
Schoder Dagmar - - 2011
The aim of this study was to determine the transmission routs of Listeria spp. in dairy farms manufacturing fresh cheese made from ovine and caprine raw milk and to evaluate the impact of Listeria monocytogenes mastitis on raw milk contamination. Overall, 5,799 samples, including 835 environmental samples, 230 milk and ...
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