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Laing Steven T - - 2012
[This corrects the article on p. e31367 in vol. 7.].
Messia Maria Cristina - - 2012
This report describes a rapid and innovative microwave procedure for protein hydrolysis coupled with high performance anion exchange chromatography and pulsed amperometric detection (HPAEC-PAD) to quantify the amino acid 4-hydroxyproline in meat and meat-based products. This innovative approach was successfully applied to determine collagen content (4-hydroxyproline × 8) as the ...
Gupta Shilpi - - 2012
Functional foods are claimed to have several health-specific advantages. In addition to their basic nutritive value, they contain a proper balance of ingredients which help in the prevention and treatment of illnesses and diseases. Within this category, products containing lactic acid bacteria or probiotics are increasingly gaining importance. The recognition ...
Privitera Gregory J - - 2012
Studies show inconsistent results with regards to whether eating slower can enhance satiety and reduce intake in a meal. Some methodological differences are apparent and could potentially explain why results are not consistent across studies. To determine whether eating slower can enhance satiety and reduce intake when rate of eating ...
Lillegaard Inger Therese L - - 2012
The aim of this study was to evaluate a short food frequency questionnaire (FFQ) against a four-day precoded food diary (PFD) with regard to frequency of food intake among Norwegian 9- and 13-year-olds. A total of 733 9-year-olds and 904 13-year-olds completed first a short FFQ and one to two ...
Zaborskis Apolinaras - - 2012
Intermittent monitoring of food intake at the population level is essential for the planning and evaluation of national dietary intervention programs. Social-economic changes in Lithuania have likely affected dietary habits, but only a limited number of temporal studies on food intake trends among young population groups have been published. The ...
Francesconi Fabio - - 2012
Myiasis is defined as the infestation of live vertebrates (humans and/or animals) with dipterous larvae. In mammals (including humans), dipterous larvae can feed on the host's living or dead tissue, liquid body substance, or ingested food and cause a broad range of infestations depending on the body location and the ...
Angevine K R KR Center for Diabetes and Endocrine Research (CeDER), Department of Physiology and Pharmacology, College of Medicine, University of Toledo Medical Center, University of Toledo Health Science Campus, Toledo, OH, - - 2012
Ingestion of food stimulates the secretion of incretin peptides glucose-dependent insulinotropic polypeptide (GIP) and glucagon-like peptide 1 to ensure the proper absorption and storage of nutrients. Menin is the 67 kDa protein product of the MEN1 gene recently reported to have a role in metabolism. In this study, we will determine ...
Popkin Barry M BM Department of Nutrition and Carolina Population Center, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, North Carolina 27516, USA. - - 2012
Decades ago, discussion of an impending global pandemic of obesity was thought of as heresy. But in the 1970s, diets began to shift towards increased reliance upon processed foods, increased away-from-home food intake, and increased use of edible oils and sugar-sweetened beverages. Reductions in physical activity and increases in sedentary ...
Robert S Daniel SD Program in Dietetics, School of Health Sciences, Health Campus, Universiti Sains Malaysia, Kelantan, Malaysia. - - 2012
Our purpose was to determine whether the glycemic index (GI) of individual foods applies to mixed meals. The glycemic responses elicited by portions of 4 individual foods with 25 g of available carbohydrate when served alone (rice, lacy pancake, flatbread and noodles) and when made into typical Malaysian mixed meals ...
Alegret Laia - - 2012
An asteroid impact at the end of the Cretaceous caused mass extinction, but extinction mechanisms are not well-understood. The collapse of sea surface to sea floor carbon isotope gradients has been interpreted as reflecting a global collapse of primary productivity (Strangelove Ocean) or export productivity (Living Ocean), which caused mass ...
Gerber Lukas C - - 2012
Artificial two-dimensional biological habitats were prepared from porous polymer layers and inoculated with the fungus Penicillium roqueforti to provide a living material. Such composites of classical industrial ingredients and living microorganisms can provide a novel form of functional or smart materials with capability for evolutionary adaptation. This allows realization of ...
Marthina Kumala - - 2012
In the confectionery coating industry, hard butters are frequently used as cocoa butter replacers. An electrohydrodynamic (EHD) system, which forms fine droplets with a relatively narrow size distribution, may be beneficial in confectionery coating to produce more even coverage. The objective of this study was to determine the effect of ...
Lee Eun-Jung - - 2011
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to establish a method for measuring the cariogenic potential of foods with high reproducibility in vitro. METHODS: Streptococcus mutans (S. mutans) was incubated in test foods with radioisotope polyacrylamide hydroxyapatite (PAHA) for 150min at 37°C. Then, the amount of radioisotope (32)P released from PAHA was measured ...
Cheer Angela - - 2011
We study crossflow filtration mechanisms in suspension-feeding fishes using computational fluid dynamics to model fluid flow and food particle movement in the vicinity of the gill rakers. During industrial and biological crossflow filtration, particles are retained when they remain suspended in the mainstream flow traveling across the filter surface rather ...
Iwatsuki Ken - - 2011
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The purpose of this review is to discuss the presence and possible roles of peripheral taste/nutrient sensors, particularly taste receptors. RECENT FINDINGS: Recent studies have demonstrated that taste signaling molecules are distributed not only in the gustatory epithelium, but also in other tissues, including the gastrointestinal tract, ...
McGhie Tony K - - 2011
Metabolomics, comprehensive metabolite analysis, is finding increasing application as a tool to measure and enable the manipulation of the phytochemical content of foods, to identify the measures of dietary intake, and to understand human and animal responses to phytochemicals in the diet. Recent applications of metabolomics directed toward understanding the ...
Rabanes Heide R - - 2011
An extensive search of the published research and review articles indicated a growing number of works that employed electroseparation techniques. Capillary zone electrophoresis (CZE) and electrokinetic chromatography (EKC), in particular, were found to be popular for the analyses of natural products. This review outlines the important developments in this field ...
Bázan-Lugo Eduardo - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Nitrite is a key ingredient the manufacture of meat products, forming a stable pink color characteristic of cured products, retarding the development of rancidity and off-odors and flavors during storage, and preventing microbial growth. The negative aspects of nitrite and the demands for healthy foods result in the need ...
Castro-Puyana María - - 2011
The analysis of food components using capillary electromigration methods is reviewed in this work. Papers that were published from February 2009 to February 2011 are included following the previous review by Herrero et al. (Electrophoresis, 2010, 31, 205-228). The analysis of amino acids, biogenic amines, peptides, proteins, DNAs, carbohydrates, phenols, ...
Topashka-Ancheva Margarita - - 2011
The detoxification capacity of the clinoptilolite modification KLS-10-MA used as food additive in small mammals, chronically lead-exposed, was proven for the first time. The modified clinoptilolite was prepared based on natural Bulgarian clinoptilolite deposits. As a powder, it was mechanically mixed at 12.5% concentration with the conventional forage for small ...
Cano-Sancho G - - 2011
The objectives of this study were to assess the occurrence of zearalenone (ZEA) in food in Catalonia (Spain); to assess the consumption of the main food items contaminated with ZEA; and finally, to estimate the dietary exposure of the Catalonian population to the mycotoxin. Therefore 1187 samples were collected from ...
Burton Pat M - - 2011
The challenge of provision of a much wider range of foods of relatively low glycemic response than is currently available, especially in terms of cereal products, has been highlighted in recent years and this has particular relevance to bread consumption. Although there has been some transition to brown bread consumption, ...
Soon J M - - 2011
This paper addresses food safety in beef cattle production, with particular emphasis on factors that affect the prevalence of Escherichia coli O157:H7 in beef cattle and on control methods that have been investigated. Product recalls and foodborne diseases due to this organism continue to occur even though control measures have ...
Hrncir Michael - - 2011
The honey bee's waggle dance constitutes a remarkable example of an efficient code allowing social exploitation of available feeding sites. In addition to indicating the position (distance, direction) of a food patch, both the occurrence and frequency of the dances depend on the profitability of the exploited resource (sugar concentration, ...
Zhan Xiao-Bei - - 2011
Curdlan is a water-insoluble β-(1,3)-glucan produced by Agrobacterium species under nitrogen-limited condition. Its heat-induced gelling properties render curdlan to be very useful in the food industry initially. Recent advances in the understanding of the role curdlan plays in both innate and adaptive immunity lead to its growing applications in biomedicine. ...
Joo Min Jung - - 2011
Trans-2-hexenal, a naturally occurring plant volatile with antimicrobial capacity, was encapsulated into β-cyclodextrins (β-CDs), enzymatically modified starch, and shown effective to control main microorganisms causing food spoilage (Alternaria solani, Aspergillus niger, Botrytis cinerea, Colletotrichum acutatum, Penicillium sp). Loaded β-CDs were incorporated into a poly(l-lactic acid) (PLA) matrix by extrusion and ...
Gilmartin Niamh - - 2012
Advances in the manipulation of nanomaterials has permitted the development of nanobiotechnology with enhanced sensitivities and improved response times. Low levels of infection of the major pathogens require the need for sensitive detection platforms and the properties of nanomaterials make them suitable for the development of assays with enhanced sensitivity, ...
Gholivand Mohammad Bagher - - 2012
A computational approach was used for screening functional monomers and polymerization solvent in the rational design of molecularly imprinted polymers (MIPs). It was based on the comparison of the binding energy of the complexes between the template and functional monomers. On the basis of computational results, acrylamide (AAM) and toluene ...
Escarpa Alberto - - 2011
With the appearance of advanced approaches such as screen-printed technology, biosensors, microchips and nanotechnology, among others, electroanalysis is undergoing a true Renaissance. Inherent miniaturization of electrochemistry makes it a unique detection and transduction principle, highly compatible with the modern miniaturized analytical chemistry involving micro- and nanotechnologies. It also implies advantages ...
McClements David Julian - - 2011
Edible nanoemulsions have great potential for utilization in the food and beverage industries to encapsulate, protect, and deliver lipophilic functional components claimed to have health benefits ("nutraceuticals"), such as carotenoids, flavonoids, phytosterols, polyunsaturated lipids, and oil-soluble vitamins. Nanoemulsions have a number of possible advantages over conventional emulsions for these applications, ...
Bundschuh Jochen - - 2011
Many regions of Latin America are widely reported for the occurrence of high arsenic (As) in groundwater and surface water due to a combination of geological processes and/or anthropogenic activities. In this paper, we review the available literature (both in English and Spanish languages) to delineate human As exposure pathways ...
Tilman David - - 2011
Global food demand is increasing rapidly, as are the environmental impacts of agricultural expansion. Here, we project global demand for crop production in 2050 and evaluate the environmental impacts of alternative ways that this demand might be met. We find that per capita demand for crops, when measured as caloric ...
Tavera-Quiroz María José - - 2011
BACKGROUND: As a result of consumers' health concerns and the trend towards healthier and low-fat food products, research has been undertaken to reduce the amount of fat absorbed in fried foods. This work focused on studying the efficacy of sorbitol and glycerol as plasticizers of methylcellulose coatings used to reduce ...
Wilkes Jon G - - 2012
Escherichia coli serotype O157 strains, which may be found in foods, often produce enterohemorrhagic toxins. The research goal was to facilitate rapid, sensitive detection in foods of E. coli serotype O157 by flow cytometry. Sample preparation methods were developed for potential use in 15 foods. Combined with multi-dimensional gating, these methods ...
Voorhuijzen Marleen M - - 2012
The authenticity of food is of increasing importance for producers, retailers and consumers. All groups benefit from the correct labelling of the contents of food products. Producers and retailers want to guarantee the origin of their products and check for adulteration with cheaper or inferior ingredients. Consumers are also more ...
Montouto-Graña Mónica - - 2012
For a new product to succeed in the market, it must be accepted by consumers. This study investigates consumer opinions on fresh-cut potatoes packaged under vacuum and under a modified atmosphere using home use tests. The data obtained were related to demographic characteristics and patterns of consumption and to purchase ...
Taubel Jorg - - 2011
The effect of food was investigated under conditions of a thorough QT (TQT) study and with confirmation of assay sensitivity by the use of a positive control (400 mg of moxifloxacin). Fifty-five healthy subjects were randomized to treatment and a sequence of fasted and fed baseline electrocardiography days. Subjects received ...
Sagawa Atsuko - - 2011
The influence of food thickeners (potato starch, guar gum, and xanthan gum and deionized water) on the breakdown of solid food was numerically analyzed, and an investigation was made into the cumulative size distribution of food fragments, textural properties, sensory evaluation and maximum transit velocity of a bolus in the ...
Gaylor Michael O - - 2011
Polybrominated diphenyl ether (PBDE) flame retardants are added at percent levels to many polymers and textiles abundant in human spaces and vehicles, wherein they have been long assumed to be tightly sequestered. However, the mgkg(-1) burdens recently detected in indoor dust testify to substantial releases. The bulk of released PBDEs ...
Consonni Roberto - - 2012
The increasing attention for food quality and safety led to develop several analytical techniques suitable to address these demands. Coffee has been already demonstrated to represent a worldwide appreciated beverage and its high economical value could induce frauds or adulteration practices involving both compositional and geographical aspects. In the last ...
Ortiz Arisa E - - 2011
BACKGROUND: A rise in popularity of cosmetic tattoos has led to an increase in adverse reactions. Due to more pressing concerns, the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has not traditionally enforced its authority over tattoo inks. OBJECTIVE: To raise awareness of the dangers of cosmetic tattoos. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We ...
Dymerski T M - - 2011
This work examines gas sensor array technology combined with multivariate data processing methods and demonstrates a promising potential for rapid, non-destructive analysis of food. Main attention is focused on detailed description of sensor used in e-nose instruments, construction, and principle of operation of these systems. Moreover, this paper briefly reviews ...
Kudra L L - - 2011
Salmonella is one of the leading causes of human foodborne illnesses originating from meat and poultry products. Cross-contamination of Salmonella from raw to cooked products continues to be problematic in the food industry. Therefore, new intervention strategies are needed for meat and poultry products. Vacuum or modified atmosphere packaging (MAP) ...
Schelin Jenny - - 2011
The recent finding that the formation of staphylococcal enterotoxins in food is very different from that in cultures of pure Staphylococcus aureus sheds new light on, and brings into question, traditional microbial risk assessment methods based on planktonic liquid cultures. In fact, most bacteria in food appear to be associated ...
Lin Chih-Chien - - 2012
The fermented soybean-based foods have played an important role in traditional diets around the world for many centuries, and Bacillus subtilis is typically used in the fermentation of soybean-based foods. The fermentation process may improve not only the flavor but also the nutritional value of food, and substances produced in ...
Danaher Martin - - 2011
A review of the developments on the analysis residues of avermectins and milbemycins (both macrocyclic lactones) is presented. The macrocyclic lactones (MLs) are an important class of chemicals, which are used worldwide as veterinary drugs and as crop protection agents. As a result, residues of MLs are important from both ...
Okada Yumiko - - 2012
Quantitative analyses of Listeria monocytogenes in imported ready-to-eat (RTE) foods sold at retail stores in Japan were performed. Of the 77 non-cooked meat products, 6 samples (7.8%) tested positive. The levels of contamination of 4 of the samples were below 100 colony-forming units (CFU)/g, which is the microbiological criterion for ...
Niu Baolong - - 2011
The class II hydrophobin HFBI from Trichoderma reesei was heterologously expressed by Pichia pastoris using pPIC9 vector under the control of the promoter AOX1. The recombinant HFBI (rHFBI) was purified by ultrafiltration and reverse-phase high performance liquid chromatography. Tricine-SDS-PAGE and Western blotting demonstrated that rHFBI with the expected molecular weight ...
Westlund Karolina - - 2011
In this reply, I contest the reply of the NC3R's Working Group to my critique of their report on refinement in behavioural neuroscience research involving food or fluid control. I argue that much of their hesitation to my suggested techniques is unfounded. I question the default use of deprivation regimes, ...
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