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Results 551 - 600 of 675
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FurgaƂ A - - 1997
Density of eosinophils stained by substrateless DAB reaction was measured in the successive segments and the successive layers of rat digestive tract using a semiautomatic computerized image analysis system. The results were calculated in a dual way: per area of the entire layer and per area of its connective tissue ...
Ko S F - - 1996
This report describes a case of acute esophageal food impaction in the lower esophagus treated by proper physical motions during esophagography using water-soluble contrast medium (WSCM). WSCM was used to avoid the complication from unexpected perforation during the examination. Relief of esophageal obstruction may be accomplished by asking the patient ...
Wu M H - - 1996
BACKGROUND: The function of esophageal Substitutes is not comparable to the normal esophagus. METHODS: To clarify the difference between esophageal substitutes and the normal esophagus, radionuclide scintigraphy and clinical assessment were used as study methods. The study was conducted in groups of substernal colon (n = 9), substernal ileocolon (n ...
Abdulla M M Department of Clinical Pharmacology and Therapeutics, Hamdard University, New Delhi-110062, - - 1996
Trace element status in humans is often poorly established in developed, let alone developing, countries. There have been assumptions about inevitable adequacy, especially for ultra-trace elements, like chromium, with varied diets. However, new pressures on trace element adequacy are emerging, like developments in food technology with the new formulated foods ...
Jarisch R - - 1996
Headache can be induced by histamine in wine in patients suffering from histamine intolerance, a disease characterized by impaired histamine degradation based on reduced diamine oxidase activity or a lack of the enzyme. Diamine oxidase is localized in the jejunal mucosa and is the most important enzyme metabolising histamine. It ...
Han Y M - - 1996
PURPOSE: To evaluate therapeutic effects and complications of a covered Gianturco stent for esophagorespiratory fistulae. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Of 95 patients with esophageal carcinomas, 10 had esophagorespiratory fistulae and were treated with a silicone-covered Gianturco stent. The authors retrospectively assessed patients' food intake capacity and delayed problem of the stent. ...
Angelillo I F - - 1996
The aim of the study was to investigate the anti-HAV prevalence in food handlers in the area of Catanzaro, Italy. A cross-sectional survey was performed by selecting all food handlers attending local health units for routine medical examination during the period from May 1994 through December 1994. A prevalence of ...
Roisman G L - - 1996
We investigated the relationship between airway inflammation and airway responsiveness, as assessed by PD15, to methacholine and to bradykinin in asthmatic patients. Bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL), bronchial biopsies, and methacholine and bradykinin challenges were performed in 18 nonsmoking subjects with mild or moderate perennial asthma. Bradykinin PD15 correlated negatively with eosinophil ...
Korzan A I - - 1996
Prevalence of tick-borne encephalitis (TBE) and number of TBE infected ticks was analysed in the Brest Province since 1955. They revealed increasing tendency, which reached the highest values in the last years. TBE incidence was the highest in June and it was observed predominantly in people between 30 and 39 ...
Max L - - 1996
The present study investigated the vocal capacities of adult men who had undergone total laryngectomy. Esophageal (N = 10) and tracheoesophageal (N = 10) speakers were compared for the parameters maximum phonation time (MPT), maximum number of syllables that could be spoken on one air intake (SYLLS), dynamic range (DYN), ...
Kelly K J - - 1995
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Treatment for gastroesophageal reflux may be ineffective in patients with an eosinophilic infiltration of the esophagus. The aim of this study was to investigate whether unremitting symptoms of gastroesophageal reflux and biopsy abnormalities of the esophagus may be associated with the ingestion of certain foods. METHODS: Ten ...
Liu H - - 1995
Acquired laryngeal stenosis is the most serious long-term complication of endotracheal intubation in children. Employing the whole-organ serial section technique, the sequence of histopathologic changes leading to stenosis was studied. Ulceration occurs when an endotracheal tube causes mechanical abrasion and/or induces pressure necrosis on the laryngeal mucosa. Secondary healing of ...
Pace V - - 1995
Various food products can trigger disagreeable symptoms in certain people which are generally described as food intolerances. Given the complexity of the subject and the fact that a great deal remains to be learned about the mechanisms responsible for these reactions, the paper attempts to clarify the whole question. Food ...
Shekhar K C - - 1995
Food-borne parasitic zoonoses have emerged as a major public health problem in many countries and are posing a medical challenge. They are not only important from the economic point of view but also because of their severe sequelae. In Malaysia, these parasitoses are a tip of an iceberg problem. The ...
Costa-Cruz J M - - 1995
In order to verify the presence of intestinal parasites in food handlers, stool samples were collected from 104 cooks and their helpers that were working in food preparation in 20 public elementary schools, in various areas of the city of Uberlândia, Minas Gerais, Brazil. The samples were collected during the ...
Lin W Y - - 1995
This study evaluates esophageal function in 55 healthy Chinese using a radionuclide esophageal transit test (RETT) of solid and liquid foods. A standard method modified from Klein et al. and Russell et al. was used to calculate: total mean transit time (MTT), residual fraction (RF), and retrograde index (RI) in ...
Shaffer H A HA - - 1994
Food impaction and foreign body ingestion are significant and sometimes life-threatening medical problems. As described in part 1 of this monograph, a variety of techniques and instruments are available to diagnose and treat these conditions. The radiologist interested in interventional procedures can find ample opportunities to participate in the management ...
Hamilton T A - - 1994
A 14-year-old spayed female dog of mixed breeding had a 3-week history of regurgitation of food occasionally mixed with blood. An esophagram revealed a mass in the caudal portion of the esophagus. The mass was partially removed through esophagoscopy. Evaluation of light microscopy, immunoperoxidase technique, and electron microscopy was consistent ...
Sperry K - - 1994
A 48 year old woman with no significant prior medical history was found dead by her husband in their home. The autopsy disclosed no anatomic reason for her death; however, the length of the esophagus was found to be massively dilated, with stenosis of the cardiac sphincter, and contained swallowed ...
Bonnet C - - 1994
We describe a previously unreported association of idiopathic retroperitoneal fibrosis with mesenteric, pulmonary and perhaps periarticular fibrotic involvement, and panniculitis resembling Weber-Christian panniculitis. The onset of the disease was uncommon with arthritis. Then, several episodes of migratory panniculitis appeared; biopsy showed septal panniculitis without necrosis of adipose tissue. Considering the ...
Robbins M I - - 1994
OBJECTIVE: In 1990, we described a combination therapy that uses glucagon, an effervescent agent, and water to relieve acute esophageal food impaction. The initial trial showed relief of the obstruction in 12 of 16 cases without complication, so we continued the series to determine the safety and effectiveness of this ...
Sue K - - 1993
A three year old boy with a 10 cm double-barrelled tubular duplication of the distal ileum is reported. He presented with a small bowel obstruction after a large meal of mandarin oranges. At laparotomy an obstruction of both lumens was found which communicated at both ends with the normal ileal ...
Shimada T - - 1993
A 41-year-old woman was found to have had spontaneous submucosal dissection of the esophagus by esophagoscopy. Food ingestion was postulated to have been an initiating factor in this instance. Conservative therapy was sufficient in this case. Patients who complain of sore throat with retrosternal pain and an obstructed sensation on ...
Allen M L - - 1993
Impaired lower esophageal sphincter (LES) relaxation is highly correlated with dysphagia. A variation of the impaired relaxation of the LES of achalasia has been described, characterized by premature closure after normal relaxation. With a microtransducer system, standard manometric testing followed by food ingestion identified 33 patients (12 male, 21 female, ...
Niv Y - - 1993
An epiphrenic diverticulum is usually accompanied by esophageal motor disorders, diaphragmatic hernia, or esophagitis. Symptoms are rarely attributable to the diverticulum except very rarely when no other explanation for dysphagia or chest pain is demonstrated. We describe acute esophageal obstruction from food accumulating in an epiphrenic diverticulum and compressing the ...
Do Y S - - 1993
A self-expanding silicone-covered tube constructed of Gianturco stents was used for palliative treatment of esophagorespiratory fistula related to esophageal carcinoma in eight patients. All eight were unable to swallow food or water before treatment. The tubes were inserted under fluoroscopic guidance, without technical failure or complication. Clinical improvement was determined ...
Iwasaki T - - 1993
We placed a Gianturco self-expanding metallic stent across the recurrent stricture of an esophagojejunostomy in a patient with gastric cancer. Though excellent passage of food resulted, intractable reflux occurred. Two months later the patient succumbed to recurrent tumor. At autopsy, the stent was patent and was partially covered by esophageal ...
Fagan J J - - 1993
Ascaris lumbricoides has rarely been implicated in the causation of middle ear disease. An infant who developed acute suppurative otitis media while on antibiotics for an upper respiratory tract infection and who extruded an ascaris worm from the ear is presented. The otitis media subsequently resolved. Our understanding of the ...
Busboom J R - - 1993
Boneless beef loin samples from five biological sources (Japanese Wagyu, American Wagyu (3 4 - 7 8 Wagyu), Angus, Longhorn and US Choice) were evaluated for cooking and palatability attributes as shabu-shabu, steaks and roasts. Japanese Wagyu beef was superior in palatability compared to Angus, Longhorn and US Choice beef ...
Sweeney C R - - 1992
Tracheobronchial aspirates obtained from 66 healthy Thoroughbred racehorses in training at the same track were examined. Twenty-seven percent of the horses had greater than 20% neutrophils in the aspirate. Eosinophils, mast cells, giant cells, and Curschmann's spirals of mucus were observed in 94, 83, 65, and 42% of the horses, ...
Allen M L - - 1992
It has been shown that food ingestion can provoke esophageal motor abnormalities in patients with otherwise normal manometry. Such motor abnormalities are usually nonspecific in character. We now report water swallow and food ingestion data on 12 patients with a history of dysphagia and/or chest pain who satisfied strict manometric ...
Naeser A - - 1992
Using a radiological method to demonstrate food-stimulated gastroesophageal reflux (GER), a comparative study was carried out employing a solid, already validated bolus versus a liquid one. One hundred and four consecutive patients received both a solid and a liquid bolus in randomized order. GER was observed in 37 (35.6%) patients ...
Baxter G M - - 1992
Hand sutured end-to-end (EE) and stapled side-to-side (SS) small intestinal anastomoses were performed in 10 healthy adult horses. In five SS anastomoses, staple lines on the blind ends of the jejunum were inverted (SSI) and in five they were not (SSNI). Five EE anastomoses were sutured with polydioxanone and five ...
O'Halloran G L - - 1991
The major advantage of intranasal endoscopy is that it allows a magnified view of the osteomeatal region and the frontal recess. Performing intranasal ethmoidectomy with nasal endoscopes may be hazardous, particularly in the hands of inexperienced surgeons. The use of 2-power loops for performing intranasal ethmoidectomy has several advantages, including ...
Bhatia B B - - 1991
Food-borne parasitic zoonoses have a major impact on the health and economy in developing countries in the tropics and sub-tropics. Complex socio-economic and socio-cultural factors impact on the maintenance of parasitic zoonoses. In addition to human disease, some of these parasites are responsible for economic loss to livestock production. Throughout ...
Kusharyono C - - 1991
Only a few food-borne parasitic zoonoses have been reported in Indonesia. The most frequently observed food-borne parasitic diseases are: toxoplasmosis, taeniasis and cysticercosis. Little data are available on other parasitic zoonoses in Indonesia. Taeniasis has been reported in nine provinces. Toxoplasmosis in humans, with prevalence rates ranging from 1 to ...
Kamiya M - - 1991
Progress in public sanitation over the past four decades has greatly decreased the prevalence of soil-transmitted gastrointestinal parasites in Japan. Although food-borne zoonotic parasites also show a similar trend, there continues to be a steady flow of patients infected with the latter parasites. This stems from the traditional popularity among ...
Clayton Y M - - 1991
Mouth swabs from 1,288 individuals in the North Mara region of Tanzania were cultured for yeasts. Subjects were randomly selected from rural and urban areas, and a group of food handlers were also studied. Yeasts were cultured from 407 (31.6%) and Candida albicans from 141 (10.9%) subjects. A wide variety ...
Lee F I - - 1991
A 70-year-old woman with no previous gastroesophageal surgery gave a 6-month history of dysphagia. Barium studies suggested a diagnosis of achalasia. Esophageal manometry showed absence of peristalsis and a high lower esophageal sphincter pressure. Endoscopy showed a dilated esophagus with food residue, and Barrett's esophagus was present. The association of ...
Gaynor E B - - 1991
The exact incidence of gastroesophageal reflux (GER) is unknown, although it is estimated that at least 25% of patients with GER have head and neck symptoms alone. These symptoms may consist of one or more of the following: excess salivation, hoarseness, "post-nasal drip," voice change, persistent coughing, food sticking in ...
Pedersen P R - - 1991
An investigation to detect food-stimulated gastro-oesophageal (GE) reflux was carried out in 54 consecutive fasting patients, 35 of whom experienced reflux while 19 did not. All patients then received a standard meal (566 kcal), and the investigation was repeated 1 h later. Out of the 35 with GE reflux in ...
Orsini J A - - 1991
Esophageal obstruction of 1 week's duration in a gelding was diagnosed by contrast radiography and esophagoscopy. A food bolus was found at the junction of the caudal thoracic portion of the esophagus and the cardia. A gastrotomy was performed through a cranial abdominal incision and a phytobezoar was manually broken ...
Christensen J M - - 1990
Laryngectomized patients using esophageal speech or an electronic artificial larynx have difficulty producing correct voicing contrasts between homorganic consonants. Voicing of a voiceless consonant is the most frequent listener misidentification. A therapy technique is described that emphasizes "pushing harder" on voiceless consonants to improve the intelligibility of alaryngeal speakers. Laryngectomy ...
Elango S - - 1990
Impaction of food usually occurs in patients having obstructive lesions of the oesophagus. The food bolus impaction normally occurs in patients older than 60 years of age. Though food bolus impaction in the oesophagus is not uncommon, food bolus in the oesophagus causing complete obstruction resulting in total dysphagia is ...
Seidner D L - - 1990
Foreign bodies of the esophagus in adults may be the result of a food bolus that becomes lodged proximal to a structural abnormality of the distal esophagus. A case of peptic stricture of the esophagus in a patient who presented with acute dysphagia after ingesting an over-the-counter diet pill composed ...
Saeed Z A - - 1990
Previously described methods for dealing with acute food impaction in the esophagus are not uniformly efficacious, are cumbersome, and often prove dangerous. This paper describes a new technique using an endoscope which is modified such that the endoscope itself becomes a direct-vision suction device. We have successfully used the technique ...
Smart H L - - 1990
Fifty-three patients with symptomatic reflux oesophagitis were entered into a single centre randomized study comparing the effects of a dimethicone/antacid (Asilone Gel) and an alginate/antacid (Gaviscon liquid) on symptoms and endoscopic changes over an 8-week period. Both treatments significantly improved heartburn, acid regurgitation and flatulence. Dimethicone/antacid but not alginate/antacid, produced ...
Gelineck J - - 1990
The influence of Cisapride on food-stimulated gastro-oesophageal reflux mechanisms was studied in a double-blind cross-over investigation in 24 consecutive patients selected by endoscopy, 12 with microscopical evidence of gastro-oesophageal reflux and 12 with additional macroscopic oesophagitis. 63% had food-stimulated gastro-oesophageal reflux, and Cisapride significantly reduced the tendency to gastro-oesophageal reflux ...
Price C E - - 1990
In a national study of almost 7000 primary school children, parents' perceptions were used to test the hypothesis that the child's irritability was associated with food intolerance independently of other symptoms. After adjustment in a multiple regression analysis for asthma or wheeze, cough, eczema, hives, diarrhoea and vomiting, rhinitis, hay ...
Brusie R W - - 1989
Arteriovenous (ischaemic strangulating obstruction, ISO) and venous obstructions (haemorrhagic strangulating obstruction, HSO) were created for 70 min in the small intestine of eight anaesthetised horses, and ISO was created in four horses for 2 h and four horses for 3 h at the sternal and diaphragmatic flexures of the large ...
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