Search Results
Results 551 - 600 of 653
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Shimada T - - 1993
A 41-year-old woman was found to have had spontaneous submucosal dissection of the esophagus by esophagoscopy. Food ingestion was postulated to have been an initiating factor in this instance. Conservative therapy was sufficient in this case. Patients who complain of sore throat with retrosternal pain and an obstructed sensation on ...
Allen M L - - 1993
Impaired lower esophageal sphincter (LES) relaxation is highly correlated with dysphagia. A variation of the impaired relaxation of the LES of achalasia has been described, characterized by premature closure after normal relaxation. With a microtransducer system, standard manometric testing followed by food ingestion identified 33 patients (12 male, 21 female, ...
Niv Y - - 1993
An epiphrenic diverticulum is usually accompanied by esophageal motor disorders, diaphragmatic hernia, or esophagitis. Symptoms are rarely attributable to the diverticulum except very rarely when no other explanation for dysphagia or chest pain is demonstrated. We describe acute esophageal obstruction from food accumulating in an epiphrenic diverticulum and compressing the ...
Do Y S - - 1993
A self-expanding silicone-covered tube constructed of Gianturco stents was used for palliative treatment of esophagorespiratory fistula related to esophageal carcinoma in eight patients. All eight were unable to swallow food or water before treatment. The tubes were inserted under fluoroscopic guidance, without technical failure or complication. Clinical improvement was determined ...
Iwasaki T - - 1993
We placed a Gianturco self-expanding metallic stent across the recurrent stricture of an esophagojejunostomy in a patient with gastric cancer. Though excellent passage of food resulted, intractable reflux occurred. Two months later the patient succumbed to recurrent tumor. At autopsy, the stent was patent and was partially covered by esophageal ...
Fagan J J - - 1993
Ascaris lumbricoides has rarely been implicated in the causation of middle ear disease. An infant who developed acute suppurative otitis media while on antibiotics for an upper respiratory tract infection and who extruded an ascaris worm from the ear is presented. The otitis media subsequently resolved. Our understanding of the ...
Busboom J R - - 1993
Boneless beef loin samples from five biological sources (Japanese Wagyu, American Wagyu (3 4 - 7 8 Wagyu), Angus, Longhorn and US Choice) were evaluated for cooking and palatability attributes as shabu-shabu, steaks and roasts. Japanese Wagyu beef was superior in palatability compared to Angus, Longhorn and US Choice beef ...
Sweeney C R - - 1992
Tracheobronchial aspirates obtained from 66 healthy Thoroughbred racehorses in training at the same track were examined. Twenty-seven percent of the horses had greater than 20% neutrophils in the aspirate. Eosinophils, mast cells, giant cells, and Curschmann's spirals of mucus were observed in 94, 83, 65, and 42% of the horses, ...
Allen M L - - 1992
It has been shown that food ingestion can provoke esophageal motor abnormalities in patients with otherwise normal manometry. Such motor abnormalities are usually nonspecific in character. We now report water swallow and food ingestion data on 12 patients with a history of dysphagia and/or chest pain who satisfied strict manometric ...
Naeser A - - 1992
Using a radiological method to demonstrate food-stimulated gastroesophageal reflux (GER), a comparative study was carried out employing a solid, already validated bolus versus a liquid one. One hundred and four consecutive patients received both a solid and a liquid bolus in randomized order. GER was observed in 37 (35.6%) patients ...
Baxter G M - - 1992
Hand sutured end-to-end (EE) and stapled side-to-side (SS) small intestinal anastomoses were performed in 10 healthy adult horses. In five SS anastomoses, staple lines on the blind ends of the jejunum were inverted (SSI) and in five they were not (SSNI). Five EE anastomoses were sutured with polydioxanone and five ...
O'Halloran G L - - 1991
The major advantage of intranasal endoscopy is that it allows a magnified view of the osteomeatal region and the frontal recess. Performing intranasal ethmoidectomy with nasal endoscopes may be hazardous, particularly in the hands of inexperienced surgeons. The use of 2-power loops for performing intranasal ethmoidectomy has several advantages, including ...
Bhatia B B - - 1991
Food-borne parasitic zoonoses have a major impact on the health and economy in developing countries in the tropics and sub-tropics. Complex socio-economic and socio-cultural factors impact on the maintenance of parasitic zoonoses. In addition to human disease, some of these parasites are responsible for economic loss to livestock production. Throughout ...
Kusharyono C - - 1991
Only a few food-borne parasitic zoonoses have been reported in Indonesia. The most frequently observed food-borne parasitic diseases are: toxoplasmosis, taeniasis and cysticercosis. Little data are available on other parasitic zoonoses in Indonesia. Taeniasis has been reported in nine provinces. Toxoplasmosis in humans, with prevalence rates ranging from 1 to ...
Kamiya M - - 1991
Progress in public sanitation over the past four decades has greatly decreased the prevalence of soil-transmitted gastrointestinal parasites in Japan. Although food-borne zoonotic parasites also show a similar trend, there continues to be a steady flow of patients infected with the latter parasites. This stems from the traditional popularity among ...
Clayton Y M - - 1991
Mouth swabs from 1,288 individuals in the North Mara region of Tanzania were cultured for yeasts. Subjects were randomly selected from rural and urban areas, and a group of food handlers were also studied. Yeasts were cultured from 407 (31.6%) and Candida albicans from 141 (10.9%) subjects. A wide variety ...
Lee F I - - 1991
A 70-year-old woman with no previous gastroesophageal surgery gave a 6-month history of dysphagia. Barium studies suggested a diagnosis of achalasia. Esophageal manometry showed absence of peristalsis and a high lower esophageal sphincter pressure. Endoscopy showed a dilated esophagus with food residue, and Barrett's esophagus was present. The association of ...
Gaynor E B - - 1991
The exact incidence of gastroesophageal reflux (GER) is unknown, although it is estimated that at least 25% of patients with GER have head and neck symptoms alone. These symptoms may consist of one or more of the following: excess salivation, hoarseness, "post-nasal drip," voice change, persistent coughing, food sticking in ...
Pedersen P R - - 1991
An investigation to detect food-stimulated gastro-oesophageal (GE) reflux was carried out in 54 consecutive fasting patients, 35 of whom experienced reflux while 19 did not. All patients then received a standard meal (566 kcal), and the investigation was repeated 1 h later. Out of the 35 with GE reflux in ...
Orsini J A - - 1991
Esophageal obstruction of 1 week's duration in a gelding was diagnosed by contrast radiography and esophagoscopy. A food bolus was found at the junction of the caudal thoracic portion of the esophagus and the cardia. A gastrotomy was performed through a cranial abdominal incision and a phytobezoar was manually broken ...
Christensen J M - - 1990
Laryngectomized patients using esophageal speech or an electronic artificial larynx have difficulty producing correct voicing contrasts between homorganic consonants. Voicing of a voiceless consonant is the most frequent listener misidentification. A therapy technique is described that emphasizes "pushing harder" on voiceless consonants to improve the intelligibility of alaryngeal speakers. Laryngectomy ...
Elango S - - 1990
Impaction of food usually occurs in patients having obstructive lesions of the oesophagus. The food bolus impaction normally occurs in patients older than 60 years of age. Though food bolus impaction in the oesophagus is not uncommon, food bolus in the oesophagus causing complete obstruction resulting in total dysphagia is ...
Seidner D L - - 1990
Foreign bodies of the esophagus in adults may be the result of a food bolus that becomes lodged proximal to a structural abnormality of the distal esophagus. A case of peptic stricture of the esophagus in a patient who presented with acute dysphagia after ingesting an over-the-counter diet pill composed ...
Saeed Z A - - 1990
Previously described methods for dealing with acute food impaction in the esophagus are not uniformly efficacious, are cumbersome, and often prove dangerous. This paper describes a new technique using an endoscope which is modified such that the endoscope itself becomes a direct-vision suction device. We have successfully used the technique ...
Smart H L - - 1990
Fifty-three patients with symptomatic reflux oesophagitis were entered into a single centre randomized study comparing the effects of a dimethicone/antacid (Asilone Gel) and an alginate/antacid (Gaviscon liquid) on symptoms and endoscopic changes over an 8-week period. Both treatments significantly improved heartburn, acid regurgitation and flatulence. Dimethicone/antacid but not alginate/antacid, produced ...
Gelineck J - - 1990
The influence of Cisapride on food-stimulated gastro-oesophageal reflux mechanisms was studied in a double-blind cross-over investigation in 24 consecutive patients selected by endoscopy, 12 with microscopical evidence of gastro-oesophageal reflux and 12 with additional macroscopic oesophagitis. 63% had food-stimulated gastro-oesophageal reflux, and Cisapride significantly reduced the tendency to gastro-oesophageal reflux ...
Price C E - - 1990
In a national study of almost 7000 primary school children, parents' perceptions were used to test the hypothesis that the child's irritability was associated with food intolerance independently of other symptoms. After adjustment in a multiple regression analysis for asthma or wheeze, cough, eczema, hives, diarrhoea and vomiting, rhinitis, hay ...
Brusie R W - - 1989
Arteriovenous (ischaemic strangulating obstruction, ISO) and venous obstructions (haemorrhagic strangulating obstruction, HSO) were created for 70 min in the small intestine of eight anaesthetised horses, and ISO was created in four horses for 2 h and four horses for 3 h at the sternal and diaphragmatic flexures of the large ...
Nanda R - - 1989
Two hundred patients (156 women) with the irritable bowel syndrome were treated with dietary exclusion for three weeks. Of the 189 who completed this study, 91 (48.2%) showed symptomatic improvement. Subsequent challenge with individual foods showed that 73 of these 91 responders were able to identify one or more food ...
Ike O - - 1989
An artificial esophagus was fabricated from a collagen-coated silicone tube 5 cm long, with an inner diameter of 2.5 cm and a wall thickness of 1 mm. The outer surface was coated with dry collagen to 5 mm thickness. The bilayered prosthesis was anastomosed to the cervical esophagus of adult ...
Kern I B - - 1989
Seven patients with epidermolysis bullosa dystrophica and chronic and recurrent oesophageal lesions such as spasm, strictures, and complete occlusion were studied. Dysphagia could be cured with drugs if it was caused by bullae formation or spasm. If oesophageal strictures were present, endoscopy and bouginage with corticosteroid prophylaxis during the quiescent ...
Hunt V P - - 1989
Although not the most obvious symptom of Huntington's disease (HD), difficulty swallowing, or dysphagia, is a common symptom and may be associated with fatal complications. Management of dysphagia requires an understanding of the process of normal food ingestion and how this process is impaired in HD. This article describes HD ...
Scadding G - - 1989
Intestinal permeation of 51Cr-labelled ethylenediaminetetraacetate (51Cr-EDTA) was normal in 8 food-intolerant patients. Following ingestion of the offending food stuff there was a significant (p less than 0.003) decrease in the permeation of 51Cr-EDTA but the same phenomenon was observed in control subjects (n = 5) following cereal. Eight patients were ...
Eliakim R - - 1989
Diffuse intramural pseudodiverticulosis of the esophagus is a rare cause of dysphagia. A 19-year-old patient with a long history of recurrent episodes of food impaction was diagnosed with diffuse intramural pseudodiverticulosis. The clue to diagnosis is a critical and thorough review of the barium swallow. Treatment is aimed toward dilatation ...
Bruckstein A H - - 1989
Difficulty in swallowing may result from a motor disorder of the esophagus or an obstructing lesion. Dysphagia for liquids is characteristic of motor disorders, while symptoms on swallowing solid food point to mechanical obstruction. Difficulty initiating a swallow indicates oropharyngeal dysphagia, an abnormality of striated muscle. The major mechanical causes ...
Zimmers T E - - 1988
Twenty-six patients were treated with a gas-forming mixture of tartaric acid and sodium bicarbonate to relieve esophageal food impactions. A success rate of 65% was achieved, with one patient suffering a mucosal tear of the esophagus. Recommendations are made to limit the use of such gas-forming agents to impactions less ...
Price C E - - 1988
In the national study of health and growth parents' responses to a self completed questionnaire were used to categorize children according to their experience of food intolerance. The heights of the children in each group were then compared. Useful responses to the questions on food intolerance were received for 6813 ...
Kramer P - - 1988
The case described in this paper demonstrates the importance of the history of dysphagia in diagnosing the cause of a swallowing disorder. The history localized the cause of the patient's dysphagia to the lower esophagus. It further established that the lesion was benign, that the dysphagia occurred only when solids ...
Göktan D - - 1988
Raw meat balls is a special Turkish meal, prepared from minced meat, bulgar, onion, garlic and different spices. In this experiment raw meat balls were prepared by using minced meat which was inoculated with Salmonella typhimurium at two different levels. Salmonella inoculated minced meat was also used in the experiment ...
Beauchamp G G Department of Biology, McGill University, Montréal, Québec, Canada H3A - - 1987
This experiment examined the extent to which the food searching strategies of Red-winged Blackbirds are influenced by the age of the birds and by information about the food supply gained from a previously visited location. Birds entered a maze and were given a choice between the three parallel, foraging locations. ...
Christiansen T - - 1987
In a prospective study, 26 patients with symptoms of reflux oesophagitis underwent a barium examination for gastro-oesophageal reflux after food stimulation, and endoscopy with biopsy from different levels of the oesophagus. Radiologic grading of the gastro-oesophageal reflux depending on the height of the reflux into the oesophagus was performed, and ...
Smart H L - - 1987
Radiotelemetric ambulatory 24 hour oesophageal pH measurement was carried out in 17 patients with symptomatic manometrically proven achalasia before and after pneumatic dilatation. Before dilatation an abnormally high percentage acid exposure time was present but typical episodes of gastro-oesophageal reflux occurred in only one patient. In nine patients who had ...
DiPalma J A - - 1987
Sudden esophageal obstruction after eating poorly chewed meat has been called the Steakhouse syndrome. Some cases have demonstrable esophageal narrowing above which food impacts, but in many patients with identical symptoms no underlying obstruction is demonstrated. We report four patients with acute dysphagia who were unable to swallow liquids or ...
Rona R J - - 1987
In a study of about 7000 children, parents' perceptions were used to examine the prevalence of food intolerance, the types of food implicated, the association of intolerance with diseases, and the social background of those identified as being food intolerant. One hundred and ninety two children (3%) were perceived as ...
Park S H - - 1987
A patient with past history of esophageal stenosis complained of sudden dysphagia in the erect position which was relieved transiently in the supine position. Initial esophagoscopy failed to detect any mass in the lumen. Esophagogram revealed shifting foreign body from lower stenotic site to upper dilated area with postural change ...
Moneret-Vautrin D A - - 1987
Monosodium glutamate is a physiological nutrient, and food additive used as a taste enhancer. Several cases of intolerance to MSG in patients with asthma and with a Chinese Restaurant Syndrome have been published. A high dose of 2.5 g was tested in 6 healthy controls and 30 asthmatics (7: allergic ...
Eleftheriadis E - - 1987
Eight patients from a series of 13 having esophageal resection and colon interposition for benign disease have been evaluated by endoscopic testing, with special emphasis on the mucosal long-term changes of the colon segment and their histologic documentation. The average follow-up period was 7.2 years. All patients were in a ...
Robin E D - - 1986
A 76-year-old man had small bowel obstruction and organic small bowel disease following a series of bizarre massive gustatory insults that involved food, medications, and mega-mineral-vitamin supplements. Intestinal obstruction required partial small bowel resection. The dietary indiscretions resulted in severe enteritis (indiscretion enteritis). The sequence has been termed a Rabelaisian ...
Haworth R J - - 1986
The study was initiated to investigate the role of food intolerance in the aetiology of oro-facial granulomatosis. Firstly, retrospective data were examined in 85 patients and in 16 of them it was evident that a food or flavouring was provoking the disorder. In a second series, eight patients completed a ...
Reynolds D L - - 1986
Virus particles of 30 nm diameter and star-shaped morphology were detected in intestinal contents of turkey poults and were identified as astroviruses. Seventy-six intestinal samples from 65 commercial turkey flocks between 6 and 35 days of age were evaluated for the presence of astroviruses by immune electron microscopy. Astroviruses were ...
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