Search Results
Results 501 - 550 of 644
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Sontag S J - - 1999
"It is not the death of GERD that I seek, but that it turns from its evil ways and follows the path of righteousness." The reflux world is fully aware of what GERD is and what GERD does. What the world does not know, however, is the answer to the ...
Horiguchi J - - 1999
We report two patients with lingual dyskinesia and complaints of food regurgitation following long-term antipsychotic therapy. Esophageal contrast radiography revealed dyskinetic movements extending from the pharynx to the upper portion of the esophagus. The elevation of intraesophageal pressure was confirmed by esophageal manometry. The dyskinetic movements almost disappeared along with ...
Adachi S - - 1999
Conducting the qualitative evaluation of reconstruction methods is difficult because of their complexity. The aim of the present study was to compare esophageal bile and food reflux by performing gastrointestinal and hepatobiliary dual scintigraphy (GHDS) after various methods of reconstruction following total gastrectomy. Of 17 patients studied, 4 had undergone ...
Buckley K - - 1998
BACKGROUND: The Schatzki ring is a well-known clinical and radiologic entity in adults, but is thought to be rare in childhood. Objective. To review the clinical presentations and radiologic findings of children and young adults with Schatzki rings. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective review of all barium swallow examinations done ...
Sanaka M - - 1998
After a usual meal, a 57-year-old woman with normal hemostasis experienced a hematoemesis. She was then diagnosed endoscopically as having an intramural hematoma of the esophagus, which ranged from 18 cm to 24 cm from the incisors. The hematoma is considered to have developed not "spontaneously" but as a result ...
Freud E - - 1998
Partial splenectomy for Gaucher disease is often followed by reenlargement of the splenic remnant. It remains unclear if this process is due to tissue regeneration or to continued deposition of glucocerebroside in the reticuloendothelial system or both. We compared the splenic architecture before and after reenlargement in three cases of ...
Powell S C - - 1998
Food-borne disease data collected by three U. K. environmental health departments were used in this study. The data were analyzed using a database designed to rank disease agents, food ingredients, and processing factors which contribute to cases of food-borne disease. The results established changes in patterns of food-borne disease over ...
Brenna J T - - 1998
A review of Instrumental Methods in Food Analysis.
Bonavina L - - 1998
Redundancy of the interposed colon used as an esophageal substitute is a common finding in the long-term follow-up of these patients. When symptoms caused by food retention in the colonic loop occur, surgical correction is necessary to improve quality of life and to prevent aspiration. We report a technique to ...
Altekruse S F - - 1998
Food borne diseases are an important public health problem. Over the past two decades, the epidemiology of food borne diseases has changed rapidly as a consequence of changes in the social environment and the ability of pathogens to adapt to new niches. Several newly recognized pathogens have emerged and well-recognized ...
Kim C S - - 1998
Acoustic rhinometry and rhinomanometry have been used to assess nasal airway patency objectively. We compared nasal obstruction symptoms before and after decongestion with several parameters of these objective tests. The patients assessed their nasal obstruction using a visual analogue scale (VAS). Cross-sectional areas and nasal resistance were measured by acoustic ...
Washington N - - 1998
BACKGROUND: Food and acid have been shown to be refluxed independently of each other in healthy volunteers, and anti-reflux agents decrease the reflux of both parameters. Until now this phenomenon had not been studied in patients with low-grade oesophagitis, who are the group most likely to use anti-reflux medication. AIM: ...
Otero A - - 1998
Modern analytical techniques have to provide accurate results in time to permit forward approaches for controlling the microbiological quality of foods. Although the classical microbiological procedures of counting and identification of micro-organisms have been automated, several techniques with quite different principles are now used. The quantification of the microbial load ...
Haugen J E - - 1998
Gas sensor array technology combined with multivariate data processing methods as artificial neural network has been demonstrated to have a promising potential for rapid nondestructive analysis of odour and flavour in foods. It may be applicable in quality control of raw material, food processing or products. This technique cannot completely ...
Hugas M - - 1998
The consumer demands for less preserved foods and the development of new food systems to fulfil these demands, urges new hurdles for pathogen growth. The strategies for pathogen reduction are not selective for pathogenic microorganism and therefore the non-spoilage microorganisms may become also inactivated, from this situation a question of ...
Urita Y - - 1997
A case with esophageal anisakiasis accompanied by reflux esophagitis is described. A 38-year-old man visited our hospital with complaints of heartburn and disturbance of food passage about seven hours after eating raw cuttlefish. The first esophagogastroscopy revealed an anisakis larva invading the squamocolumnar junction. Near the anisakis larva, a whitish ...
Lee J F - - 1997
BACKGROUND: The aim of the present study was to review the authors' experience of the diagnosis and management of food bolus obstruction in a Chinese population. METHODS: During the period 1990-96, 31 patients were treated for food bolus obstruction. The records of these patients were retrospectively reviewed. RESULTS: Eighteen patients ...
Patti M G - - 1997
The esophagus can be divided into three parts: cervical, thoracic, and abdominal. Its blood supply, lymphatic drainage, innervation, and architecture of the esophageal wall are described. The topographic relationships of the esophagus and the gastroesophageal junction with neighboring structures are illustrated from the right and left thoroscopic and the laparoscopic ...
Ballegaard M - - 1997
BACKGROUND: Although suggested, it has never been convincingly documented that food sensitivity is of pathogenetic importance in chronic inflammatory bowel disease. However, many patients may relate their gastrointestinal symptoms to specific food items ingested and may restrict their diet accordingly. METHODS: A questionnaire was sent to all patients with chronic ...
Bar-Dayan Y - - 1997
Different vehicles of transmission of the same pathogen may induce different clinical manifestations of the disease. The hypothesis was tested that the clinical manifestation of food-borne streptococcal pharyngitis is different from air-borne streptococcal pharyngitis. The symptoms and signs of 77 patients with endemic air-borne streptococcal pharyngitis compared to 103 patients ...
FurgaƂ A - - 1997
Density of eosinophils stained by substrateless DAB reaction was measured in the successive segments and the successive layers of rat digestive tract using a semiautomatic computerized image analysis system. The results were calculated in a dual way: per area of the entire layer and per area of its connective tissue ...
Ko S F - - 1996
This report describes a case of acute esophageal food impaction in the lower esophagus treated by proper physical motions during esophagography using water-soluble contrast medium (WSCM). WSCM was used to avoid the complication from unexpected perforation during the examination. Relief of esophageal obstruction may be accomplished by asking the patient ...
Wu M H - - 1996
BACKGROUND: The function of esophageal Substitutes is not comparable to the normal esophagus. METHODS: To clarify the difference between esophageal substitutes and the normal esophagus, radionuclide scintigraphy and clinical assessment were used as study methods. The study was conducted in groups of substernal colon (n = 9), substernal ileocolon (n ...
Abdulla M M Department of Clinical Pharmacology and Therapeutics, Hamdard University, New Delhi-110062, - - 1996
Trace element status in humans is often poorly established in developed, let alone developing, countries. There have been assumptions about inevitable adequacy, especially for ultra-trace elements, like chromium, with varied diets. However, new pressures on trace element adequacy are emerging, like developments in food technology with the new formulated foods ...
Jarisch R - - 1996
Headache can be induced by histamine in wine in patients suffering from histamine intolerance, a disease characterized by impaired histamine degradation based on reduced diamine oxidase activity or a lack of the enzyme. Diamine oxidase is localized in the jejunal mucosa and is the most important enzyme metabolising histamine. It ...
Han Y M - - 1996
PURPOSE: To evaluate therapeutic effects and complications of a covered Gianturco stent for esophagorespiratory fistulae. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Of 95 patients with esophageal carcinomas, 10 had esophagorespiratory fistulae and were treated with a silicone-covered Gianturco stent. The authors retrospectively assessed patients' food intake capacity and delayed problem of the stent. ...
Angelillo I F - - 1996
The aim of the study was to investigate the anti-HAV prevalence in food handlers in the area of Catanzaro, Italy. A cross-sectional survey was performed by selecting all food handlers attending local health units for routine medical examination during the period from May 1994 through December 1994. A prevalence of ...
Roisman G L - - 1996
We investigated the relationship between airway inflammation and airway responsiveness, as assessed by PD15, to methacholine and to bradykinin in asthmatic patients. Bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL), bronchial biopsies, and methacholine and bradykinin challenges were performed in 18 nonsmoking subjects with mild or moderate perennial asthma. Bradykinin PD15 correlated negatively with eosinophil ...
Korzan A I - - 1996
Prevalence of tick-borne encephalitis (TBE) and number of TBE infected ticks was analysed in the Brest Province since 1955. They revealed increasing tendency, which reached the highest values in the last years. TBE incidence was the highest in June and it was observed predominantly in people between 30 and 39 ...
Max L - - 1996
The present study investigated the vocal capacities of adult men who had undergone total laryngectomy. Esophageal (N = 10) and tracheoesophageal (N = 10) speakers were compared for the parameters maximum phonation time (MPT), maximum number of syllables that could be spoken on one air intake (SYLLS), dynamic range (DYN), ...
Kelly K J - - 1995
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Treatment for gastroesophageal reflux may be ineffective in patients with an eosinophilic infiltration of the esophagus. The aim of this study was to investigate whether unremitting symptoms of gastroesophageal reflux and biopsy abnormalities of the esophagus may be associated with the ingestion of certain foods. METHODS: Ten ...
Liu H - - 1995
Acquired laryngeal stenosis is the most serious long-term complication of endotracheal intubation in children. Employing the whole-organ serial section technique, the sequence of histopathologic changes leading to stenosis was studied. Ulceration occurs when an endotracheal tube causes mechanical abrasion and/or induces pressure necrosis on the laryngeal mucosa. Secondary healing of ...
Pace V - - 1995
Various food products can trigger disagreeable symptoms in certain people which are generally described as food intolerances. Given the complexity of the subject and the fact that a great deal remains to be learned about the mechanisms responsible for these reactions, the paper attempts to clarify the whole question. Food ...
Shekhar K C - - 1995
Food-borne parasitic zoonoses have emerged as a major public health problem in many countries and are posing a medical challenge. They are not only important from the economic point of view but also because of their severe sequelae. In Malaysia, these parasitoses are a tip of an iceberg problem. The ...
Costa-Cruz J M - - 1995
In order to verify the presence of intestinal parasites in food handlers, stool samples were collected from 104 cooks and their helpers that were working in food preparation in 20 public elementary schools, in various areas of the city of Uberlândia, Minas Gerais, Brazil. The samples were collected during the ...
Lin W Y - - 1995
This study evaluates esophageal function in 55 healthy Chinese using a radionuclide esophageal transit test (RETT) of solid and liquid foods. A standard method modified from Klein et al. and Russell et al. was used to calculate: total mean transit time (MTT), residual fraction (RF), and retrograde index (RI) in ...
Shaffer H A HA - - 1994
Food impaction and foreign body ingestion are significant and sometimes life-threatening medical problems. As described in part 1 of this monograph, a variety of techniques and instruments are available to diagnose and treat these conditions. The radiologist interested in interventional procedures can find ample opportunities to participate in the management ...
Hamilton T A - - 1994
A 14-year-old spayed female dog of mixed breeding had a 3-week history of regurgitation of food occasionally mixed with blood. An esophagram revealed a mass in the caudal portion of the esophagus. The mass was partially removed through esophagoscopy. Evaluation of light microscopy, immunoperoxidase technique, and electron microscopy was consistent ...
Sperry K - - 1994
A 48 year old woman with no significant prior medical history was found dead by her husband in their home. The autopsy disclosed no anatomic reason for her death; however, the length of the esophagus was found to be massively dilated, with stenosis of the cardiac sphincter, and contained swallowed ...
Bonnet C - - 1994
We describe a previously unreported association of idiopathic retroperitoneal fibrosis with mesenteric, pulmonary and perhaps periarticular fibrotic involvement, and panniculitis resembling Weber-Christian panniculitis. The onset of the disease was uncommon with arthritis. Then, several episodes of migratory panniculitis appeared; biopsy showed septal panniculitis without necrosis of adipose tissue. Considering the ...
Robbins M I - - 1994
OBJECTIVE: In 1990, we described a combination therapy that uses glucagon, an effervescent agent, and water to relieve acute esophageal food impaction. The initial trial showed relief of the obstruction in 12 of 16 cases without complication, so we continued the series to determine the safety and effectiveness of this ...
Sue K - - 1993
A three year old boy with a 10 cm double-barrelled tubular duplication of the distal ileum is reported. He presented with a small bowel obstruction after a large meal of mandarin oranges. At laparotomy an obstruction of both lumens was found which communicated at both ends with the normal ileal ...
Shimada T - - 1993
A 41-year-old woman was found to have had spontaneous submucosal dissection of the esophagus by esophagoscopy. Food ingestion was postulated to have been an initiating factor in this instance. Conservative therapy was sufficient in this case. Patients who complain of sore throat with retrosternal pain and an obstructed sensation on ...
Allen M L - - 1993
Impaired lower esophageal sphincter (LES) relaxation is highly correlated with dysphagia. A variation of the impaired relaxation of the LES of achalasia has been described, characterized by premature closure after normal relaxation. With a microtransducer system, standard manometric testing followed by food ingestion identified 33 patients (12 male, 21 female, ...
Niv Y - - 1993
An epiphrenic diverticulum is usually accompanied by esophageal motor disorders, diaphragmatic hernia, or esophagitis. Symptoms are rarely attributable to the diverticulum except very rarely when no other explanation for dysphagia or chest pain is demonstrated. We describe acute esophageal obstruction from food accumulating in an epiphrenic diverticulum and compressing the ...
Do Y S - - 1993
A self-expanding silicone-covered tube constructed of Gianturco stents was used for palliative treatment of esophagorespiratory fistula related to esophageal carcinoma in eight patients. All eight were unable to swallow food or water before treatment. The tubes were inserted under fluoroscopic guidance, without technical failure or complication. Clinical improvement was determined ...
Iwasaki T - - 1993
We placed a Gianturco self-expanding metallic stent across the recurrent stricture of an esophagojejunostomy in a patient with gastric cancer. Though excellent passage of food resulted, intractable reflux occurred. Two months later the patient succumbed to recurrent tumor. At autopsy, the stent was patent and was partially covered by esophageal ...
Fagan J J - - 1993
Ascaris lumbricoides has rarely been implicated in the causation of middle ear disease. An infant who developed acute suppurative otitis media while on antibiotics for an upper respiratory tract infection and who extruded an ascaris worm from the ear is presented. The otitis media subsequently resolved. Our understanding of the ...
Busboom J R - - 1993
Boneless beef loin samples from five biological sources (Japanese Wagyu, American Wagyu (3 4 - 7 8 Wagyu), Angus, Longhorn and US Choice) were evaluated for cooking and palatability attributes as shabu-shabu, steaks and roasts. Japanese Wagyu beef was superior in palatability compared to Angus, Longhorn and US Choice beef ...
Sweeney C R - - 1992
Tracheobronchial aspirates obtained from 66 healthy Thoroughbred racehorses in training at the same track were examined. Twenty-seven percent of the horses had greater than 20% neutrophils in the aspirate. Eosinophils, mast cells, giant cells, and Curschmann's spirals of mucus were observed in 94, 83, 65, and 42% of the horses, ...
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