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Results 451 - 500 of 655
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Ngo Peter - - 2005
Eosinophilic esophagitis (EE) is an increasingly recognized disease of the esophagus with distinct clinicopathologic features. Adult and pediatric patients experience upper intestinal symptoms including food impaction, vomiting, abdominal pain, or dysphagia. Histopathologic analysis of the distal and proximal esophageal mucosa demonstrates dense eosinophilic infiltration despite proton pump inhibition. Few studies ...
Harish K - - 2005
Small bowel obstruction due to Strongyloides stercoralis is rare especially in immunocompetent individuals. We report a case of a 45-year-old man who presented with a history of severe abdominal pain, intermittent low-grade fever and vomiting. An upper GI endoscopy revealed a diffusely edematous second portion of duodenum and narrowing in ...
Raithel M - - 2005
Salicylate intolerance is defined as a nonspecific antigen-induced pseudo-allergic hypersensitivity reaction which can occur upon contact of an organism with salicylic acid, its derivatives or other related organic or inorganic acids of similar chemical structure. Since the effects of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAID) intolerance are by no means always severe ...
Khan Zaheer A - - 2005
A prospective study was carried out to see the prevalence of B. hominis in food handlers in Dammam, Eastern Province of Saudi Arabia. A total of 17073 food handlers were examined, 8.50% persons were positive for this organism in their stool. In 2.4% of the food handlers, B. hominis was ...
Kramer Melvin N - - 2005
Morbidity due to foodborne illnesses in the US has decreased over the last ten years. During the same time period recalls affecting the meat and poultry industry have increased from 38 in 1993 to a peak of 128 in 2002. Recalls due to L. monocytogenes (LM) and E. coli O157:H7 ...
Bernabéu Rodolfo - - 2005
There is a current tendency in the European Union member countries to cut down on meat consumption. This tendency is not due as much to the traditional income-price factor, but to other attributes whose influence is gaining relative importance. Some of them are: quality, image, health, food safety and changes ...
Fabrizio K A - - 2005
Experiments were conducted to determine the effectiveness of acidic (EOA) or basic electrolyzed oxidizing (EOB) water, alone or in combination, on ready-to-eat (RTE) meats to reduce Listeria monocytogenes (LM). Frankfurters or ham surfaces were experimentally inoculated with LM and subjected to dipping or spraying treatments (25 or 4°C for up ...
Lea Richard - - 2005
Irritable bowel syndrome patients frequently believe that food intolerances are to blame for many of their symptoms, although not uncommonly this is caused by the nonspecific increase in gut motility that occurs with food ingestion. Nevertheless, dietary manipulation may result in substantial improvement in IBS symptomatology provided it is individualized ...
Desai Tusar K - - 2005
INTRODUCTION: Esophageal food impaction is a common presentation of eosinophilic esophagitis. The prevalence of eosinophilic esophagitis among patients with food impaction is unknown. To address this, we evaluated clinicopathologic features of adults with food impaction. METHODS: For a 3-year period, patients from a single, adult, community-based gastroenterology practice with esophageal ...
Okojie O H - - 2005
INTRODUCTION: Food handlers play a major role in ensuring food safety throughout the chain of producing, processing, storage and preparation. Mishandling and disregard for hygiene measures on their part may result in food contamination and its attendant consequences. OBJECTIVES: This study was designed to assess the knowledge and practice of ...
Marshall Leisa L - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To report the probable association of angioedema with aspirin therapy and the selective cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) inhibitor rofecoxib. CASE SUMMARY: A 44-year-old white woman, previously tolerant to aspirin and other nonsteroidal antiinflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), developed angioedema of the lips after ingesting two 325-mg aspirin tablets during one day. The reaction ...
Smith Donald W - - 2005
The gut-associated lymphoid tissue (GALT) is constantly exposed to a variety of Ags and must therefore decipher a large number of distinct signals at all times. Responding correctly to each set of signals is crucial. When the GALT receives signals from the intestinal flora or food Ags, it must induce ...
Small A - - 2005
The effectiveness of different decontamination treatments in reducing microbial loads on cattle hides was assessed. The 10-s hide treatments were conducted using a wet-and-dry vacuum cleaner filled with one of the liquids (heated to 50 °C) indicated below, followed or not by 10-min drying in the air. Also, the hide ...
Carroccio Antonio - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: Chronic constipation in children can be linked to cow's milk intolerance (CMI) but the existence of a food intolerance-dependent proctitis is still debated. The aim of this study was to evaluate the histologic data in patients with food intolerance-related constipation. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Fifty-two consecutive patients (22 M, median ...
Ferguson D D - - 2005
Patients with progressive or solid food dysphagia should be evaluated for the presence of an esophageal stricture. Barium esophagram and endoscopy can define strictures as benign or malignant. The majority of benign strictures are acid-related. Benign strictures are best managed by esophageal dilation with acid-suppressing medications if a peptic stricture ...
Basavaraj S - - 2005
Food bolus (FB) impaction of the oesophagus is one of the more common emergencies in otolaryngology. These patients are managed either conservatively or surgically. The guideline of the American Society of Gastrointestinal Endoscopy (ASGE) suggests that conservative management either with pharmacological agents or with an effervescent agent should be tried ...
Lourenço Ana Eliza Port - - 2004
A survey for intestinal parasites was carried out with food handlers from two private and three public hospitals in Niterói City, RJ, Brazil. The aim of this research was to verify the enteroparasites prevalence in this professional group. The investigation was divided in two phases. The first phase consisted of ...
El-Hawrani A S - - 2004
The flexible nasendoscope is now an integral tool in most otorhinolaryngology departments for visualizing the hypopharyngolarynx. A technique has been described using the modified Valsalva manoeuvre to improve visualization of the hypopharynx during flexible nasopharyngoscopy. The authors report an alternative technique for visualizing the upper oesophagus using the flexible nasendoscope, ...
Liacouras Chris A - - 2004
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Eosinophilic esophagitis (EE) is an isolated, eosinophilic inflammation of the esophagus. In the past, the symptoms of EE were often confused for gastroesophageal reflux (GER). Thus, many physicians unsuccessfully treated patients with EE with medications used for GER. Because the incidence of EE is rising and EE ...
Moore John E - - 2004
Fermented meats, including salami, various types of fermented sauages and snack sticks have seen a revival in their popularity in recent years. The production of such foodstuffs generally lies in traditional techniques, however, both the quality and in particular the safety of such products intrinsically rests with the microbiology of ...
Arora Amindra S - - 2004
Eosinophilic esophagitis (EE) is rapidly emerging as a distinct disease entity in both pediatric and adult gastroenterology. The typical clinical presentation includes solid food dysphagia in young men who have an atopic predisposition. Food impaction necessitating endoscopic intervention is common. EE should be suspected, in particular, in patients with unexplained ...
Fried Bernard - - 2004
Food-borne trematodiases still remain a public health problem world-wide, despite changes in eating habits, alterations in social and agricultural practices, health education, industrialization, environmental alteration, and broad-spectrum anthelmintics. Food-borne trematodiases usually occur focally, are still persistently endemic in some parts of the world, and are most prevalent in remote rural ...
Hayari Lili - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Anastomotic strictures are common after primary esophageal anastomosis in pediatric patients. Recent studies provided evidence that omentopexy may improve vascularization of gastroesophageal anastomoses and decrease the rate of stricture-related complications. The effect of omentopexy on primary esophago-esophageal anastomosis, however, is unknown. The aim of the current study was to ...
Nel S - - 2004
Developing countries are faced with high incidences of food poisoning outbreaks, with obvious economic consequences. In highly perishable foodstuffs such as fresh red meat the threat of food poisoning is particularly intense. In this study, red meat samples were collected from a deboning room of a high throughput abattoir. The ...
Asero Riccardo - - 2004
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: A case report published in 2001 raised the possibility that some patients with long-lasting 'nonallergic' perennial rhinitis might in effect have food additives intolerance. The recent literature published in English was reviewed to find controlled studies able to confirm this observation. RECENT FINDINGS: Two double-blind, placebo-controlled studies ...
Sodeman Thomas C - - 2004
Esophageal food impactions are frequently seen in endoscopic practice. Glucagon is known to relax the lower esophageal sphincter and has been used with variable success to treat food impactions. We retrieved clinical information of all patients with acute food impactions who attended the emergency room from 1975 to 2000 from ...
- - 2004
Many clinicians have long suspected that symptoms of IBS are somehow related to diet. In fact, research conducted over many years in Europe suggests than many cases of IBS are, in fact, the result of inflammatory reactions to specific foods or ingredients. Further, some cases of migraine appear to be ...
Pfeifer Renate M - - 2003
A 4-month-old, female terrier-poodle cross was presented with a chronic history of dysphagia. Fluoroscopic swallowing studies localized the problem to the upper esophageal sphincter. A diagnosis of cricopharyngeal achalasia was made. After cricopharyngeal and thyropharyngeal myectomy, the dog was able to eat soft food without difficulty.
Campbell Bonnie G - - 2003
A 10-year-old male serval was examined for treatment of a self-inflicted perineal wound that obliterated the ventral anocutaneous junction, penis, scrotum, testicles, and proximal portions of the caudomedial thigh muscles. Repair required placement of a caudal superficial epigastric flap and prepubic urethrostomy. Although it is generally preferable to delay repair ...
Spinou Ekaterini - - 2003
Removal of an impacted food bolus in the lower oesophagus at rigid oesophagoscopy is challenging and carries a significant risk of perforation. We present two cases which were successfully disimpacted radiologically, in order to raise awareness among otolaryngologists of this therapeutic option.
Newman Shelley J - - 2003
A 5-year-old castrated male Golden Retriever was evaluated for polyuria, polydipsia, and progressive regurgitation thought to be a result of bacterial pyelonephritis and megaesophagus. Bacteriologic culture of urine failed to yield clinically relevant growth, and results of a urine sediment examination were normal. With time, intention tremors and progressive neurologic ...
Khan Seema - - 2003
Eosinophilic esophagitis, long known to be a feature of acid reflux, has recently been described in patients with food allergies and macroscopically furrowed esophagus. The pathophysiology and optimal management of patients with eosinophilic esophagitis is unclear. We describe our clinical experience related to eosinophilic esophagitis and obstructive symptoms in children ...
Anderson Jeff - - 2002
Russell-Silver syndrome (RSS) is a genetic syndrome with clinical manifestations of intrauterine and postnatal growth retardation, normal head circumference, body asymmetry, and distinctive facial appearance. We followed an infant diagnosed with RSS who had occurrence of multiple gastrointestinal complications. Although there are a number of published reports describing gastrointestinal problems ...
Quintavalla Stefania - - 2002
Antimicrobial packaging, an active packaging concept, can be considered an extremely challenging technology that could have a significant impact on shelf-life extension and food safety of meat and meat products. Use of antimicrobial substances can control the microbial population and target specific microorganisms to provide higher safety and quality products. ...
Hugas M - - 2002
As a consequence of market globalization, the production and manufacture of meat products is at a stage of innovative dynamics. Consumers demand high quality and convenient meat products, with natural flavour and taste, and very much appreciate the fresh appearance of minimally processed food. To harmonize or to blend all ...
Kakuni Masakazu - - 2002
Tree shrews possess an intestinal diverticulum. We investigated this diverticulum with histological and immunohistochemical methods to determine whether this diverticulum was cecum or not. The ratio of the length of diverticulum/small intestine was apparently shorter than that of several primates. In the histological study, mucous membrane of the small intestine ...
Zain Maizun Mohd - - 2002
Diseases spread through food still remain a common and persistent problems resulting in appreciable morbidity and occasional mortality. Food handlers play an important role in ensuring food safety throughout the chain of production, processing, storage and preparation. This study is to explore the pattern of sociodemographic distribution and to determine ...
Goldsmith Heidi - - 2002
It is estimated that more than 15 million Americans suffer daily from gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) (De Vault, 1995). The spectrum of symptoms for GERD ranges from simple heartburn and regurgitation to persistent esophageal tissue damage with subsequent development of serious complications. The frequent occurrence and intensity of GERD symptoms ...
Massey B T - - 2001
Transient lower esophageal sphincter relaxations (TLESRs) are neurally mediated abrupt reductions in lower esophageal sphincter (LES) pressure. TLESRs are not usually associated with deglutition or secondary peristalsis but are thought to be necessary for venting swallowed air from the stomach. Their central role in acid reflux, however, makes them a ...
Vanderhoof J A - - 2001
Allergic disorders of the gastrointestinal tract were once thought of as primarily dermatological manifestations of common food allergens such as peanuts. Recently, greater attention to these products has arisen as complex mechanisms of action have been more clearly delineated. Specific disease states have recently been recognized associated with gastrointestinal reactions ...
Takagi Y - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: We compared the efficacy of plastic prostheses and self-expandable metallic stents in the treatment of malignant esophageal stenosis and/or fistula. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Subjects were 31 patients with esophageal cancer, 4 with esophagotracheal fistula, and 1 with esophageal stenosis. A plastic prosthesis was inserted in 15 patients (group A) ...
Logan A C - - 2001
Chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS) is an illness characterized by persistent and relapsing fatigue, often accompanied by numerous symptoms involving various body systems. The etiology of CFS remains unclear; however, a number of recent studies have shown oxidative stress may be involved in its pathogenesis. The role of oxidative stress in ...
Westfall D S - - 2001
We have reported tablet-induced focal esophagitis and esophageal stricture formation in cats. The proposed mechanism is thought to be abnormal esophageal tablet retention resulting in focal esophagitis with subsequent stricture formation. The objective of this study was to evaluate the passage of tablets and capsules when given alone (dry swallow) ...
Jiménez-Colmenero F - - 2001
This review deals with the implications of meat and meat products for human health. It analyses the effect of the presence or absence of various factors: fat, fatty acid composition, cholesterol, calorific value, salt, nitrite or lipid oxidation products that can cause health problems. Bearing in mind these considerations, it ...
Bethge N - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: We studied a new expandable plastic stent in the palliation of malignant esophageal obstruction. METHODS: Eight patients with malignant esophageal obstruction and dysphagia were studied. An expandable covered plastic stent made of polyester netting and covered with a silicone membrane was inserted and released into the stenosis. Relief of ...
Vicari J J - - 2001
BACKGROUND: Acute esophageal food impaction (AEFI) is the most common form of esophageal impaction in adults. The current recommendation for management is extraction by using an overtube to protect the airway, which facilitates multiple passages of the endoscope and protects the esophageal mucosa. Typically, AEFI in our patients is treated ...
Longstreth G F - - 2001
BACKGROUND: Esophageal food impaction is common, but incidence data are lacking and management is controversial. This is a survey of its epidemiology, endoscopic findings, and treatment. METHODS: A retrospective study was conducted of 194 adults with 223 episodes of esophageal food impaction in a health maintenance organization. Of these, 192 ...
Phukan R K - - 2001
The etiology of esophageal cancer remains largely unknown. In recent years, the role of dietary habits in the development of esophageal cancer has received much attention. Prevalence of esophageal cancer in Assam is highest among all the states of India. To identify the possible risk factors, a hospital-based case-control study ...
Fukuhara N - - 2000
The esophagorespiratory fistula is difficult to treat, and the patients' quality of life is generally poor due to suffering from dysphagia and dyspnea. We performed stent therapy in four cases of the esophagorespiratory fistula associated with esophageal cancer. Three of four patients showed improved symptoms, enabling oral liquid or food ...
Betts K S - - 2000
Detecting the presence of genetically modified food may be more challenging than legislators expect.
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