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Lazarus Rebecca S RS U.S. Geological Survey, Patuxent Wildlife Research Center, Beltsville, Maryland 20705, USA; Marine-Estuarine Environmental Sciences Program and Department of Animal and Avian Sciences, University of Maryland, College Park, MD 20742, - - 2014
The osprey (Pandion haliaetus) is a well-known sentinel of environmental contamination, yet no studies have traced pharmaceuticals through the water-fish-osprey food web. A screening-level exposure assessment was used to evaluate the bioaccumulation potential of 113 pharmaceuticals and metabolites, and an artificial sweetener in this food web. Hypothetical concentrations in water ...
Smit Suzanne S Biosystems Data Analysis, Swammerdam Institute for Life Sciences, University of Amsterdam, The Netherlands; Netherlands Metabolomics Centre, Leiden, The - - 2014
Genistein from foods or supplements is metabolized by the gut microbiota and the human body, thereby releasing many different metabolites into systemic circulation. The order of their appearance in plasma and the possible influence of food format are still unknown. This study compared the nutrikinetic profiles of genistein metabolites METHODS ...
Miceli Sopo Stefano S Department of Pediatrics, Agostino Gemelli Hospital, Catholic University of the Sacred Heart, Rome, - - 2014
Recently, a study on 5 patients [Holbrook et al.: J Allergy Clin Immunol 2013;132:1219-1220] documented the efficacy of the intravenous administration of ondansetron in children with acute symptoms due to food protein-induced enterocolitis syndrome (FPIES). We report on the experience at our institution using ondansetron during oral food challenge (OFC) ...
Lee T H TH Allergy Centre, Hong Kong Sanatorium and Hospital, 2 Village Road, Happy Valley, Hong - - 2014
Peanut allergy is one of the commonest food hypersensitivities causing fatal or near-fatal reactions. There is, currently, no preventive treatment and the incidence of severe allergic reactions during peanut desensitisation has limited its clinical use. Anti-immunoglobulin E therapy has been shown to be effective in preventing peanut-induced reactions but it ...
Christian Anna M AM 1Faculty of Epidemiology and Population Health,London School of Hygiene & Tropical - - 2014
There is evidence that subclinical vitamin B12 (B12) deficiency is common in India. Vegetarianism is prevalent and therefore meat consumption is low. Our objective was to explore the contribution of B12-source foods and maternal B12 status during pregnancy to plasma B12 concentrations. Maternal plasma B12 concentrations were measured during pregnancy. ...
Celakovská Jarmila J Department of Dermatology and Venereology, Faculty Hospital and Medical Faculty of Charles University, Hradec Králové, Czech - - 2014
Patients suffering from atopic dermatitis often describe food hypersensitivity. Rising prevalence of food hypersensitivity and severe allergic reactions to foods have been reported, but the data are scarce. Evaluation of food hypersensitivity reactions in patients suffering from atopic dermatitis. The dermatological examination was performed in patients of age 14 years ...
Venäläinen Taisa T Institute of Biomedicine, Physiology, University of Eastern Finland, PO Box 1627, FI-70211, Kuopio, - - 2014
Plasma fatty acid (FA) composition is known to be an indicator of dietary fat quality, but the associations of other dietary factors with plasma FA composition remain unknown in children. We investigated the cross-sectional associations of food consumption with the proportions of FA and estimated desaturase activities in plasma cholesteryl ...
Yu Junhong J University of Macau, - - 2014
This study set out to explore the experience of food cravings and thirst, and their management strategies in patients on hemodialysis. Semi-structured interviews with N = 32 hemodialysis patients were analyzed thematically. Findings indicated that food cravings and thirst were common in everyday life of patients and resulted in different ...
Kolesar Jill M JM 1School of Pharmacy, University of Wisconsin, Madison, WI, - - 2014
BackgroundThe isoflavone genistein, a natural soy product with receptor tyrosine kinase-inhibiting activity, as well as phytoestrogenic and other potential anticarcinogenic effects, is being studied as an anticancer agent. Since isoflavones are commonly consumed in food products containing soy proteins, a method to control for baseline isoflavone consumption is needed. /st>HPLC ...
Chan Chan-Fai CF Department of Pediatrics, National Yang-Ming University Hospital, Yilan, Taiwan; Division of Gastroenterology, Children's Medical Center, Taipei Veterans General Hospital, Taipei, - - 2014
Little is known about the characteristics of patients who visit the emergency department (ED) due to food allergy in Taiwan. This study aims to assess the triggers, clinical presentations, and management of patients presenting to a tertiary ED for food allergy. This is a retrospective study of 369 visits presenting ...
Misra N N NN BioPlasma Research Group, School of Food Science and Environmental Health, Dublin Institute of Technology, Cathal Brugha Street, Dublin 1, - - 2014
Cold plasma is increasingly under research for decontamination of foods, especially fresh fruits and vegetables. The effect of cold plasma on food quality, however, remains under researched. This study investigates the effects of cold plasma generated within a sealed package from a dielectric barrier discharge on the physical quality parameters ...
Myhre Rachel R Nutritional Sciences Program, University of Washington, School of Public Health, 305 Raitt Hall, Box 353410 Seattle, WA, 98195 U.S.A.. Electronic address: - - 2014
Genetic, physiological, and psychological factors can affect food intake, but twin studies can distinguish inherited from environmental contributors. We examined the influence of attempted cognitive control of eating ("restrained eating") on levels of appetite-regulating hormones. Sixteen female, monozygotic twin pairs, discordant for Restraint Scale score (i.e., one twin a restrained ...
Kyrø Cecilie C Danish Cancer Society Research Center, Strandboulevarden 49, Copenhagen Ø 2100, - - 2014
Whole-grain intake has been reported to be associated with a lower risk of several lifestyle-related diseases such as type 2 diabetes, CVD and some types of cancers. As measurement errors in self-reported whole-grain intake assessments can be substantial, dietary biomarkers are relevant to be used as complementary tools for dietary ...
Proust Françoise F Axe Santé des populations et pratiques optimales en santé, Centre de recherche du CHU (Centre hospitalier universitaire) de Québec, Québec (Québec) - - 2014
The Inuit undergo substantial changes in their lifestyle, but few data exist on how these changes occur in biomarkers, such as polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs). Here, we report data from a cross-sectional survey conducted in 2004 among 861 representative Nunavik Inuit adults, in whom FAs were measured in red blood ...
Molina-Infante J J Department of Gastroenterology, Hospital San Pedro de Alcantara, Caceres, - - 2014
Sedation might improve tolerability and adherence to endoscopic procedures in patients with eosinophilic esophagitis (EoE). Propofol administration is often contraindicated in patients with hypersensitivity to egg, soy, or peanut. To investigate the safety of propofol administration for procedural sedation in EoE patients sensitized/allergic to egg, soy, peanut. A retrospective observational ...
Ezougou Carinne Ndjembo CN Laboratoire de Biologie Cellulaire Comparative des Apicomplexes, Département d'Immunologie, Inflammation et Infection, Faculté de Médicine, Université Paris Descartes - Sorbonne Paris Cité, Paris, France ; Institut National de Recherche Médicale U1016, Centre National Recherche Scientifique UMR8104, Cochin Institute, Paris, - - 2014
Plasmodium falciparum (Pf) has a family of 11 Rab GTPases to regulate its vesicular transport. However, PfRab5B is unique in lacking a C-terminal geranyl-geranylation motif, while having N-terminal palmitoylation and myristoylation motifs. We show that the N-terminal glycine is required for PfRab5B myristoylation in vitro and when an N-terminal PfRab5B ...
Kang Min-Gyu MG Department of Internal Medicine, Seoul National University College of Medicine 110-744, Seoul, Korea. ; Institute of Allergy and Clinical Immunology, Seoul National University Medical Research Center 110-744, Seoul, Korea. ; Division of Allergy and Clinical Immunology, Department of Internal Medicine, Seoul National University Bundang Hospital, Seongnam 463-707, - - 2014
The role of food additives in chronic urticaria (CU) is still under investigation. In this study, we aimed to explore the association between food additives and CU by using the basophil activation test (BAT). The BAT using 15 common food additives was performed for 15 patients with CU who had ...
Lucendo Alfredo J AJ Department of Gastroenterology, Hospital General de Tomelloso, Tomelloso, - - 2014
Background/Aims: A growing body of research indicates that dietary therapy is an effective treatment option for children with eosinophilic esophagitis (EoE). Its ability to achieve sustained symptomatic and histological responses is comparable to that of topical steroids, but avoids their use and side effects. Recent studies also support dietary therapy ...
McCrickerd Keri K School of Psychology, University of Sussex, Brighton, United - - 2014
Energy-containing beverages have a weak effect on satiety, limited by their fluid characteristics and perhaps because they are not considered 'food'. This study investigated whether the context of consuming a beverage can influence the satiating power of its nutrients. Eighty participants consumed a lower- (LE, 75 kcal) and higher-energy (HE, ...
Torres M - - 2014
The thaumatin-like protein (TLP) Ole e 13 in raw olive fruit is responsible for occupational allergy in olive oil mill workers. However, these workers do not experience allergic symptoms after ingestion of edible olive. To analyze the presence of IgE-reactive TLP in raw and edible olive fruit and to assess ...
Eom Jinhee J Environmental Technology Research Center, Korea Institute of Science and Technology, P.O. Box 131, Cheongryang, Seoul ASI|KR|KS013|SEOUL, Korea. - - 2014
Following few decades of commercial use, perfluorooctanoate (PFOA) and perfluorooctane sulfonate (PFOS) have been found in human blood and serum. We determined the amounts of PFOA and PFOS in human plasma (n = 183) and the effects of multiple uses of food-contact materials and smoking habits and alcohol consumption using ...
Pompella Alfonso A Department of Translational Research, University of Pisa Medical School, Pisa, - - 2014
Attempts have been made to use non-compositional parameters, such as total antioxidant capacity (TAC), determined by assays such as oxygen radical absorbance capacity, ferric-reducing ability of plasma, and trolox-equivalent antioxidant capacity, as surrogate markers for food quality and for monitoring food-related changes in human plasma in dietary intervention studies. Increased ...
Hon Kam Lun E - - 2013
Abstract Background: Specific immunoglobulins G and A (IgG and IgA) for common food items have been extensively measured as surrogate markers of food allergy, and dietary avoidance based on the test results advocated. Aim: We reviewed the prevalence of specific food IgG and IgA in children with eczema and evaluated ...
Dang T D - - 2013
Sensitization to food allergens indicates the production of food-specific IgE; however, sensitization is not a definite indicator of allergic reaction upon ingestion (N Engl J Med, 344, 2001, 30: J Allergy Clin Immunol, 120, 2007, 491). Currently, food challenge is the best approach to identify the presence or absence of ...
Mueck Wolfgang - - 2013
Rivaroxaban is an oral, direct Factor Xa inhibitor that targets free and clot-bound Factor Xa and Factor Xa in the prothrombinase complex. It is absorbed rapidly, with maximum plasma concentrations being reached 2-4 h after tablet intake. Oral bioavailability is high (80-100 %) for the 10 mg tablet irrespective of food intake and ...
De Bruyne Pauline - - 2013
Desmopressin 120 μg oral lyophilisate and 200 μg tablet are considered bioequivalent, based on extrapolation of studies in a limited number of adults and on one dose-finding study of desmopressin oral lyophilisate in children. However, no comparative pharmacokinetic study in children was executed confirming this statement. No data are available on the ...
Simon D - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Eosinophilic esophagitis (EoE) is often associated with atopic airway and skin diseases. More than 80% of EoE patients are sensitized to aero- and/or food allergens. Immunoglobulin (Ig)E-mediated immune responses to microbes have been reported to be deleterious in connection with atopic diseases. AIM: The aim of this study was ...
Mane Shikha K - - 2013
Food protein-induced enterocolitis syndrome (FPIES) is a non-immunoglobulin E (IgE)-mediated gastrointestinal food hypersensitivity, mostly in infants. Patients usually present very ill and often misdiagnosed as acute gastroenteritis, sepsis, ileus, metabolic disorders, necrotizing enterocolitis, or severe gastroesophageal reflux disease. We present a case of an infant who had three acute FPIES ...
Miner James R JR Hennepin County Medical Center, Minneapolis, - - 2013
To determine the prevalence of hunger and food insecurity among patients presenting to the emergency department (ED) over 3 consecutive years. This was a cross-sectional study of patients presenting to the ED at Hennepin County Medical Center, and urban, Level I trauma center. We prospectively screened adult (age >18) patients ...
Homeida Mamoun M - - 2013
There is concern that extraneous factors, such as food and drink, may alter the pharmacodynamics of Mectizan(®) (ivermectin) in patients receiving this important anti-parasitic drug, and thus might put such individuals in danger of serious adverse events. The effects of a common local alcohol-containing beverage and a local food on ...
Schlüter Oliver - - 2013
The working group "Food technology and safety" of the DFG Senate Commission on Food Safety (SKLM) advises on new technologies concerning food processing. Treatment with plasma is a newly developed process, which is currently used only on a pilot scale in Europe. The novel plasma treatment technology is experimentally applied ...
Harris Holly R HR Department of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Boston, MA 02115, USA. - - 2013
The etiology of endometriosis is poorly understood, and few modifiable risk factors have been identified. Dairy foods and some nutrients can modulate inflammatory and immune factors, which are altered in women with endometriosis. We investigated whether intake of dairy foods, nutrients concentrated in dairy foods, and predicted plasma 25-hydroxyvitamin D ...
Matsumura Tomoaki - - 2013
Background and Objective. Cisplatin-based chemotherapy is widely recognized to cause severe gastrointestinal disorders like nausea, vomiting, and appetite loss. The aim of this study was to assess whether cisplatin-based transcatheter arterial infusion (TAI) chemotherapy reduces plasma ghrelin levels and food intake in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) patients. Methods. Seventeen patients with ...
Andersen Stig - - 2013
Vitamin D status influences skeletal health, the risk of falls and fractures, and muscle health, and it has been associated with inflammatory, infectious, cardiovascular and metabolic disorders in addition to some cancers. Prevailing intracellular infections such as tuberculosis are speculated to relate to vitamin D status. The vitamin D sources ...
Kalantar-Zadeh Kamyar K Harold Simmons Center for Kidney Disease Research and Epidemiology, Division of Nephrology and Hypertension, University of California Irvine's School of Medicine, Irvine, CA, - - 2013
This review explores the challenges and solutions in educating patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) to lower serum phosphorus while avoiding protein insufficiency and hypercalcemia. A literature search including terms "hyperphosphatemia," "patient education," "food fatigue," "hypercalcemia," and "phosphorus-protein ratio" was undertaken using PubMed. Hyperphosphatemia is a strong predictor of mortality ...
El Hayek Jessy - - 2012
The 2007 to 2009 Canadian Health Measures Survey reported vitamin D status in a representative sample of Canadians (6-79 y); however, children <6 y were not assessed. Our objective was to measure vitamin D intake from food and supplements, sun exposure, and biological vitamin D status of children ages 2 ...
Burke Louise M - - 2012
The authors undertook 2 crossover-designed studies to characterize plasma amino acid (AA) responses to the intake of 20 g of protein. In Study 1, 15 untrained and overnight-fasted subjects consumed 20 g protein from skim milk, soy milk, beefsteak, boiled egg, and a liquid meal supplement. In Study 2, 10 ...
Bell Jack - - 2013
Inadequate energy and protein intake leads to malnutrition; a clinical disease not without consequence post acute hip fracture. Data detailing malnutrition prevalence, incidence, and intake adequacy varies widely in this patient population. The limited success of reported interventional strategies may result from poorly defined diagnostic criteria, failure to address root ...
Higgins G A - - 2012
RATIONALE: Selective 5-HT(2C) receptor agonists, such as lorcaserin, are being developed for the treatment of obesity. Studies suggest that they may also have therapeutic potential for addictive behaviours including nicotine dependence, although few drugs of this class have been evaluated. OBJECTIVES: The primary aim was to evaluate the highly selective ...
Staudte Henrike - - 2012
Objective: Recent studies have shown that inflammatory diseases can be influenced by nutritional factors. For this reason, this study was designed to evaluate the food intake of patients with periodontal disease in comparison to healthy subjects using a 7-day food record (7-DFR). Method and Materials: The study population consisted of ...
Lieberman Jay A - - 2012
Omalizumab is a humanized monoclonal anti-IgE antibody that is currently FDA-approved for allergic asthma. Given its mechanism of action, recent reports have suggested its possible clinical use for food allergy and some forms of anaphylaxis. Omalizumab exerts its action by binding to circulating IgE, reducing IgE receptor expression, and decreasing ...
Duclos Martine - - 2012
Increased physical activity is present in 30-80% of anorexia nervosa patients. To explain the paradox of low food intake and excessive exercise in humans and other animals, it has been proposed that increased physical activity along with food restriction activates brain reward circuits and is addictive. Alternatively, the fleeing-famine hypothesis ...
Lukasewycz Laura D - - 2012
Despite anecdotal reports of children being more sensitive to texture than adults, and of texture being one of the main drivers of food aversions, there is a paucity of scientific knowledge on the influence of texture perception on food choice in children. The primary goals of this study were to ...
Ren Yutang - - 2012
Achalasia patients would feel exacerbated dysphagia, chest pain and regurgitation when they drink cold beverages or eat cold food. But these symptoms would relieve when they drink hot water. Reasons are unknown. Twelve achalasia patients (mean age, 34 ± 10 years; F:M, 3:9) who never had any invasive therapies were ...
Vaes M M Department of Clinical Hematology, Institute J. Bordet, Brussels, Belgium. - - 2012
Posaconazole is a broad-spectrum triazole antifungal available as an oral suspension. Pharmacokinetic data showed a high variability of plasma posaconazole concentrations (PPCs) in patients, suggesting a potential interest in drug monitoring. The aim of our prospective study was to measure the PPCs in prophylactically treated patients to evaluate the impact ...
Brengi Silvina P - - 2012
Abstract Cronobacter (formerly known as Enterobacter sakazakii) is a genus comprising seven species regarded as opportunistic pathogens that can be found in a wide variety of environments and foods, including powdered infant formula (PIF). Cronobacter sakazakii, the major species of this genus, has been epidemiologically linked to cases of bacteremia, ...
Zuha Raja Muhammad - - 2012
In forensic entomology, breeding of fly larvae in a controlled laboratory environment using animal tissue is a common technique to obtain insect developmental time for the estimation of postmortem interval. Previous studies on growth media are mostly on the effect of different diets on fly development. However, the interaction effects ...
Meyer-Kayser Elisabeth - - 2012
This study aimed to provide up-to-date information on the dynamics of tick infestations on foxes in Thuringia, as the most recent information available was published in 1997. Fox carcasses that had been sent to the Thuringian State Authority for Food Safety and Consumer Protection (Thüringer Landesamt für Lebensmittelsicherheit und Verbraucherschutz ...
Sulaiman Irshad M - - 2012
The U.S. Food and Drug Administration utilizes the presence of filth and extraneous materials as one of the criteria for implementing regulatory actions and assessing adulteration of food products of public health importance. Twenty-two prevalent pest species (also known as the ''Dirty 22'' species) have been considered by this agency ...
Connett Gary James - - 2012
Background: Fish allergy is the third most common food allergy after milk and egg in parts of Europe, but there is little data about prevalence in South East Asia where it is an important part of regular diets. Objective: We aimed to obtain an estimate of the population prevalence of ...
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