Search Results
Results 1 - 50 of 905
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >
Venäläinen Taisa T Institute of Biomedicine, Physiology, University of Eastern Finland, PO Box 1627, FI-70211, Kuopio, - - 2014
Plasma fatty acid (FA) composition is known to be an indicator of dietary fat quality, but the associations of other dietary factors with plasma FA composition remain unknown in children. We investigated the cross-sectional associations of food consumption with the proportions of FA and estimated desaturase activities in plasma cholesteryl ...
Yu Junhong J University of Macau, - - 2014
This study set out to explore the experience of food cravings and thirst, and their management strategies in patients on hemodialysis. Semi-structured interviews with N = 32 hemodialysis patients were analyzed thematically. Findings indicated that food cravings and thirst were common in everyday life of patients and resulted in different ...
Kolesar Jill M JM 1School of Pharmacy, University of Wisconsin, Madison, WI, - - 2014
BackgroundThe isoflavone genistein, a natural soy product with receptor tyrosine kinase-inhibiting activity, as well as phytoestrogenic and other potential anticarcinogenic effects, is being studied as an anticancer agent. Since isoflavones are commonly consumed in food products containing soy proteins, a method to control for baseline isoflavone consumption is needed. /st>HPLC ...
Chan Chan-Fai CF Department of Pediatrics, National Yang-Ming University Hospital, Yilan, Taiwan; Division of Gastroenterology, Children's Medical Center, Taipei Veterans General Hospital, Taipei, - - 2014
Little is known about the characteristics of patients who visit the emergency department (ED) due to food allergy in Taiwan. This study aims to assess the triggers, clinical presentations, and management of patients presenting to a tertiary ED for food allergy. This is a retrospective study of 369 visits presenting ...
Misra N N NN BioPlasma Research Group, School of Food Science and Environmental Health, Dublin Institute of Technology, Cathal Brugha Street, Dublin 1, - - 2014
Cold plasma is increasingly under research for decontamination of foods, especially fresh fruits and vegetables. The effect of cold plasma on food quality, however, remains under researched. This study investigates the effects of cold plasma generated within a sealed package from a dielectric barrier discharge on the physical quality parameters ...
Myhre Rachel R Nutritional Sciences Program, University of Washington, School of Public Health, 305 Raitt Hall, Box 353410 Seattle, WA, 98195 U.S.A.. Electronic address: - - 2014
Genetic, physiological, and psychological factors can affect food intake, but twin studies can distinguish inherited from environmental contributors. We examined the influence of attempted cognitive control of eating ("restrained eating") on levels of appetite-regulating hormones. Sixteen female, monozygotic twin pairs, discordant for Restraint Scale score (i.e., one twin a restrained ...
Kyrø Cecilie C Danish Cancer Society Research Center, Strandboulevarden 49, Copenhagen Ø 2100, - - 2014
Whole-grain intake has been reported to be associated with a lower risk of several lifestyle-related diseases such as type 2 diabetes, CVD and some types of cancers. As measurement errors in self-reported whole-grain intake assessments can be substantial, dietary biomarkers are relevant to be used as complementary tools for dietary ...
Proust Françoise F Axe Santé des populations et pratiques optimales en santé, Centre de recherche du CHU (Centre hospitalier universitaire) de Québec, Québec (Québec) - - 2014
The Inuit undergo substantial changes in their lifestyle, but few data exist on how these changes occur in biomarkers, such as polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs). Here, we report data from a cross-sectional survey conducted in 2004 among 861 representative Nunavik Inuit adults, in whom FAs were measured in red blood ...
Molina-Infante J J Department of Gastroenterology, Hospital San Pedro de Alcantara, Caceres, - - 2014
Sedation might improve tolerability and adherence to endoscopic procedures in patients with eosinophilic esophagitis (EoE). Propofol administration is often contraindicated in patients with hypersensitivity to egg, soy, or peanut. To investigate the safety of propofol administration for procedural sedation in EoE patients sensitized/allergic to egg, soy, peanut. A retrospective observational ...
Ezougou Carinne Ndjembo CN Laboratoire de Biologie Cellulaire Comparative des Apicomplexes, Département d'Immunologie, Inflammation et Infection, Faculté de Médicine, Université Paris Descartes - Sorbonne Paris Cité, Paris, France ; Institut National de Recherche Médicale U1016, Centre National Recherche Scientifique UMR8104, Cochin Institute, Paris, - - 2014
Plasmodium falciparum (Pf) has a family of 11 Rab GTPases to regulate its vesicular transport. However, PfRab5B is unique in lacking a C-terminal geranyl-geranylation motif, while having N-terminal palmitoylation and myristoylation motifs. We show that the N-terminal glycine is required for PfRab5B myristoylation in vitro and when an N-terminal PfRab5B ...
Kang Min-Gyu MG Department of Internal Medicine, Seoul National University College of Medicine 110-744, Seoul, Korea. ; Institute of Allergy and Clinical Immunology, Seoul National University Medical Research Center 110-744, Seoul, Korea. ; Division of Allergy and Clinical Immunology, Department of Internal Medicine, Seoul National University Bundang Hospital, Seongnam 463-707, - - 2014
The role of food additives in chronic urticaria (CU) is still under investigation. In this study, we aimed to explore the association between food additives and CU by using the basophil activation test (BAT). The BAT using 15 common food additives was performed for 15 patients with CU who had ...
Lucendo Alfredo J AJ Department of Gastroenterology, Hospital General de Tomelloso, Tomelloso, - - 2014
Background/Aims: A growing body of research indicates that dietary therapy is an effective treatment option for children with eosinophilic esophagitis (EoE). Its ability to achieve sustained symptomatic and histological responses is comparable to that of topical steroids, but avoids their use and side effects. Recent studies also support dietary therapy ...
Hon Kam Lun E - - 2013
Abstract Background: Specific immunoglobulins G and A (IgG and IgA) for common food items have been extensively measured as surrogate markers of food allergy, and dietary avoidance based on the test results advocated. Aim: We reviewed the prevalence of specific food IgG and IgA in children with eczema and evaluated ...
Dang T D - - 2013
Sensitization to food allergens indicates the production of food-specific IgE; however, sensitization is not a definite indicator of allergic reaction upon ingestion (N Engl J Med, 344, 2001, 30: J Allergy Clin Immunol, 120, 2007, 491). Currently, food challenge is the best approach to identify the presence or absence of ...
Mueck Wolfgang - - 2013
Rivaroxaban is an oral, direct Factor Xa inhibitor that targets free and clot-bound Factor Xa and Factor Xa in the prothrombinase complex. It is absorbed rapidly, with maximum plasma concentrations being reached 2-4 h after tablet intake. Oral bioavailability is high (80-100 %) for the 10 mg tablet irrespective of food intake and ...
De Bruyne Pauline - - 2013
Desmopressin 120 μg oral lyophilisate and 200 μg tablet are considered bioequivalent, based on extrapolation of studies in a limited number of adults and on one dose-finding study of desmopressin oral lyophilisate in children. However, no comparative pharmacokinetic study in children was executed confirming this statement. No data are available on the ...
Simon D - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Eosinophilic esophagitis (EoE) is often associated with atopic airway and skin diseases. More than 80% of EoE patients are sensitized to aero- and/or food allergens. Immunoglobulin (Ig)E-mediated immune responses to microbes have been reported to be deleterious in connection with atopic diseases. AIM: The aim of this study was ...
Rajaram S S Nursing Department, Khoo Teck Puat Hospital, - - 2013
The aim of the study was to investigate the risk factors associated with older people in acute care setting for developing low food intake. Eating difficulties among patients with dementia have been identified in Western countries and they progress when dementia advances. Previous studies have indicated that low food intake ...
Mane Shikha K - - 2013
Food protein-induced enterocolitis syndrome (FPIES) is a non-immunoglobulin E (IgE)-mediated gastrointestinal food hypersensitivity, mostly in infants. Patients usually present very ill and often misdiagnosed as acute gastroenteritis, sepsis, ileus, metabolic disorders, necrotizing enterocolitis, or severe gastroesophageal reflux disease. We present a case of an infant who had three acute FPIES ...
Miner James R - - 2013
Introduction: To determine the prevalence of hunger and food insecurity among patients presenting to the emergency department (ED) over 3 consecutive years. Methods: This was a cross-sectional study of patients presenting to the ED at Hennepin County Medical Center, and urban, Level I trauma center. We prospectively screened adult (age ...
Homeida Mamoun M - - 2013
There is concern that extraneous factors, such as food and drink, may alter the pharmacodynamics of Mectizan(®) (ivermectin) in patients receiving this important anti-parasitic drug, and thus might put such individuals in danger of serious adverse events. The effects of a common local alcohol-containing beverage and a local food on ...
Schlüter Oliver - - 2013
The working group "Food technology and safety" of the DFG Senate Commission on Food Safety (SKLM) advises on new technologies concerning food processing. Treatment with plasma is a newly developed process, which is currently used only on a pilot scale in Europe. The novel plasma treatment technology is experimentally applied ...
Harris Holly R HR Department of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Boston, MA 02115, USA. - - 2013
The etiology of endometriosis is poorly understood, and few modifiable risk factors have been identified. Dairy foods and some nutrients can modulate inflammatory and immune factors, which are altered in women with endometriosis. We investigated whether intake of dairy foods, nutrients concentrated in dairy foods, and predicted plasma 25-hydroxyvitamin D ...
Matsumura Tomoaki - - 2013
Background and Objective. Cisplatin-based chemotherapy is widely recognized to cause severe gastrointestinal disorders like nausea, vomiting, and appetite loss. The aim of this study was to assess whether cisplatin-based transcatheter arterial infusion (TAI) chemotherapy reduces plasma ghrelin levels and food intake in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) patients. Methods. Seventeen patients with ...
Andersen Stig - - 2013
Vitamin D status influences skeletal health, the risk of falls and fractures, and muscle health, and it has been associated with inflammatory, infectious, cardiovascular and metabolic disorders in addition to some cancers. Prevailing intracellular infections such as tuberculosis are speculated to relate to vitamin D status. The vitamin D sources ...
Kalantar-Zadeh Kamyar K Harold Simmons Center for Kidney Disease Research and Epidemiology, Division of Nephrology and Hypertension, University of California Irvine's School of Medicine, Irvine, CA, - - 2013
This review explores the challenges and solutions in educating patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) to lower serum phosphorus while avoiding protein insufficiency and hypercalcemia. A literature search including terms "hyperphosphatemia," "patient education," "food fatigue," "hypercalcemia," and "phosphorus-protein ratio" was undertaken using PubMed. Hyperphosphatemia is a strong predictor of mortality ...
El Hayek Jessy - - 2012
The 2007 to 2009 Canadian Health Measures Survey reported vitamin D status in a representative sample of Canadians (6-79 y); however, children <6 y were not assessed. Our objective was to measure vitamin D intake from food and supplements, sun exposure, and biological vitamin D status of children ages 2 ...
Burke Louise M - - 2012
The authors undertook 2 crossover-designed studies to characterize plasma amino acid (AA) responses to the intake of 20 g of protein. In Study 1, 15 untrained and overnight-fasted subjects consumed 20 g protein from skim milk, soy milk, beefsteak, boiled egg, and a liquid meal supplement. In Study 2, 10 ...
Bell Jack - - 2013
Inadequate energy and protein intake leads to malnutrition; a clinical disease not without consequence post acute hip fracture. Data detailing malnutrition prevalence, incidence, and intake adequacy varies widely in this patient population. The limited success of reported interventional strategies may result from poorly defined diagnostic criteria, failure to address root ...
Higgins G A - - 2012
RATIONALE: Selective 5-HT(2C) receptor agonists, such as lorcaserin, are being developed for the treatment of obesity. Studies suggest that they may also have therapeutic potential for addictive behaviours including nicotine dependence, although few drugs of this class have been evaluated. OBJECTIVES: The primary aim was to evaluate the highly selective ...
Staudte Henrike - - 2012
Objective: Recent studies have shown that inflammatory diseases can be influenced by nutritional factors. For this reason, this study was designed to evaluate the food intake of patients with periodontal disease in comparison to healthy subjects using a 7-day food record (7-DFR). Method and Materials: The study population consisted of ...
Lieberman Jay A - - 2012
Omalizumab is a humanized monoclonal anti-IgE antibody that is currently FDA-approved for allergic asthma. Given its mechanism of action, recent reports have suggested its possible clinical use for food allergy and some forms of anaphylaxis. Omalizumab exerts its action by binding to circulating IgE, reducing IgE receptor expression, and decreasing ...
Duclos Martine - - 2012
Increased physical activity is present in 30-80% of anorexia nervosa patients. To explain the paradox of low food intake and excessive exercise in humans and other animals, it has been proposed that increased physical activity along with food restriction activates brain reward circuits and is addictive. Alternatively, the fleeing-famine hypothesis ...
Lukasewycz Laura D - - 2012
Despite anecdotal reports of children being more sensitive to texture than adults, and of texture being one of the main drivers of food aversions, there is a paucity of scientific knowledge on the influence of texture perception on food choice in children. The primary goals of this study were to ...
Ren Yutang - - 2012
Achalasia patients would feel exacerbated dysphagia, chest pain and regurgitation when they drink cold beverages or eat cold food. But these symptoms would relieve when they drink hot water. Reasons are unknown. Twelve achalasia patients (mean age, 34 ± 10 years; F:M, 3:9) who never had any invasive therapies were ...
Vaes M M Department of Clinical Hematology, Institute J. Bordet, Brussels, Belgium. - - 2012
Posaconazole is a broad-spectrum triazole antifungal available as an oral suspension. Pharmacokinetic data showed a high variability of plasma posaconazole concentrations (PPCs) in patients, suggesting a potential interest in drug monitoring. The aim of our prospective study was to measure the PPCs in prophylactically treated patients to evaluate the impact ...
Brengi Silvina P - - 2012
Abstract Cronobacter (formerly known as Enterobacter sakazakii) is a genus comprising seven species regarded as opportunistic pathogens that can be found in a wide variety of environments and foods, including powdered infant formula (PIF). Cronobacter sakazakii, the major species of this genus, has been epidemiologically linked to cases of bacteremia, ...
Zuha Raja Muhammad - - 2012
In forensic entomology, breeding of fly larvae in a controlled laboratory environment using animal tissue is a common technique to obtain insect developmental time for the estimation of postmortem interval. Previous studies on growth media are mostly on the effect of different diets on fly development. However, the interaction effects ...
Meyer-Kayser Elisabeth - - 2012
This study aimed to provide up-to-date information on the dynamics of tick infestations on foxes in Thuringia, as the most recent information available was published in 1997. Fox carcasses that had been sent to the Thuringian State Authority for Food Safety and Consumer Protection (Thüringer Landesamt für Lebensmittelsicherheit und Verbraucherschutz ...
Sulaiman Irshad M - - 2012
The U.S. Food and Drug Administration utilizes the presence of filth and extraneous materials as one of the criteria for implementing regulatory actions and assessing adulteration of food products of public health importance. Twenty-two prevalent pest species (also known as the ''Dirty 22'' species) have been considered by this agency ...
Connett Gary James - - 2012
Background: Fish allergy is the third most common food allergy after milk and egg in parts of Europe, but there is little data about prevalence in South East Asia where it is an important part of regular diets. Objective: We aimed to obtain an estimate of the population prevalence of ...
Townsend Kallie R - - 2012
Species from the Dipteran family Chironomidae are widely used in laboratory and field studies to identify toxicity in freshwater environments. However, toxicity assessments can be influenced by food availability, which can alter endpoints in assays including viability, sex ratios and development time. The aim of this study was to determine ...
Davies A R - - 2012
SUMMARY In September 2009, an outbreak of Salmonella enterica serovar Enteritidis affected 327 of 1419 inmates at a London prison. We applied a cohort design using aggregated data from the kitchen about portions of food distributed, aligned this with individual food histories from 124 cases (18 confirmed, 106 probable) and ...
Esaki H - - 2013
A total of 105 033 eggs were collected across Japan from June 2010 to January 2011 and tested for Salmonella Enteritidis to provide data for the risk profiling of S. Enteritidis in eggs by the Food Safety Commission of Japan. S. Enteritidis isolates were recovered from three samples (20 eggs/sample) ...
Mirčić Dejan - - 2012
Cadmium, like many other pollutants, is nondegradable and can be accumulated by Lymantria dispar at a level that affects fitness components, physiology, and development, which could indicate presence of environment pollution by heavy metals. The cadmium effect on fitness-related traits in the third, fourth, fifth, and sixth instar of L. ...
Prado E Castro C - - 2012
Information on Diptera community, seasonality and successional patterns in every geographical region is fundamental for the use of flies as forensic indicators of time of death. In order to obtain these data from the Lisbon area (Portugal), experiments were conducted during the four seasons of the year, using piglet carcasses ...
Graif Yael - - 2012
Aim:  To investigate the prevalence of reported food allergy and its association with atopic diseases and asthma severity among Jewish and Arab adolescents. Subjects and methods:  The self-report questionnaire of the International Study of Asthma and Allergies in Childhood was administered to adolescents aged 13-14 years from randomly selected junior ...
- - 2012
On the cover: 3-D mesh structure of potato, from "Numerical Evaluation of Spherical Geometry Approximation for Heating and Cooling of Irregular Shaped Food Products" by Rahmi Uyar and Ferruh Erdogdu. p E167.
DU Toit C A - - 2012
Various species of dung beetle serve as intermediate hosts after ingesting the embryonated eggs (11-15 × 30-37 µm) of Spirocerca lupi (Spirurida: Spirocercidae) in dog faeces. The feeding mechanisms of coprophagous dung beetles restrict the size of the food particles they can ingest and hence may determine which species can ...
Moraes C S - - 2012
The sandfly Lutzomyia longipalpis (Lutz and Neiva, 1912) is the main vector of American Visceral Leishmaniasis. In spite of its medical importance and several studies concerning adult digestive physiology, biochemistry and molecular biology, very few studies have been carried out to elucidate the digestion in sandfly larvae. Even the breeding ...
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >