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Asikin Yonathan Y United Graduate School of Agricultural Science, Kagoshima University, 1-21-24 Korimoto, Kagoshima, 890-0065, - - 2014
Shiikuwasha (Citrus depressa Hayata) juice from four main cultivation lines subjected to two peeling practices (with or without peeling) were discriminated in terms of quality attributes, represented by sugar and organic acid composition, taste characteristic, aroma profile, and antioxidant activity. Shiikuwasha juice from these lines had diverse food compositions; 'Izumi ...
Gil-Humanes Javier J Instituto de Agricultura Sostenible, CSIC, Córdoba, - - 2014
Celiac disease is a food-sensitive enteropathy triggered by the ingestion of wheat gluten proteins and related proteins from barley, rye, and some varieties of oat. There are no interventional therapies and the only solution is a lifelong gluten-free diet. The down-regulation of gliadins by RNAi provides wheat lines with all ...
Müller Katrin - - 2013
Considering the lack of uniformity regarding school meals in Europe, information on adolescents' school lunch patterns is of public health importance. Thus, the aim of this analysis was to describe and evaluate lunchtime energy and food intake of European adolescents at different lunch locations. Data on nutritional and health-related parameters ...
Nesil Tanseli - - 2013
Previous animal studies have revealed significant involvement of genetics in nicotine intake; however, the extent of the genetic contribution to this behavior has not been well addressed. We report the first study of nine generations of selection for high and low voluntary nicotine intake in outbred Sprague-Dawley rats. Bidirectional mass ...
Nagano Kuniaki - - 2013
Cooked rice of 'Sasanishiki' is soft and not as sticky as those of Japanese leading cultivars 'Koshihikari' and 'Hitomebore'. As a method for efficient selection of a breeding line having a good eating quality like that of 'Sasanishiki', the use of physical properties of cooked rice and cooking quality was ...
Vernez Moudon Anne A Department of Urban Design and Planning, University of Washington, Box 3548002, Seattle, WA 98195, USA. - - 2013
To assess a county population’s exposure to different types of food sources reported to affect both diet quality and obesity rates. Food permit records obtained from the local health department served to establish the full census of food stores and restaurants. Employing prior categorization schemes which classified the relative healthfulness ...
Verbeke Wim - - 2013
The objective of this study is to explore the association between pork as the main meal component and the choice for side dishes and beverages depending on foodscape and individual characteristics, including overweight and obesity among fresh pork consumers (n=2156) in five European countries (Belgium, Denmark, Germany, Greece and Poland). ...
Machackova Marie - - 2013
The new on-line Czech Food Composition Database (FCDB) was launched on http://www.czfcdb.cz in December 2010 as a main freely available channel for dissemination of Czech food composition data. The application is based on a complied FCDB documented according to the EuroFIR standardised procedure for full value documentation and indexing of ...
Hagen Christopher J - - 2013
Galanin, a 29 residue peptide found in the hypothalamus, causes orexigenic effects in a variety of species. In the present study, we investigated appetite-associated effects of galanin in chicks from lines which have been selected from a common founder population for either low or high body weight. The low line ...
Wansink Brian - - 2013
Each day, tens of millions of restaurant goers, conference attendees, college students, military personnel, and school children serve themselves at buffets - many being all-you-can-eat buffets. Knowing how the food order at a buffet triggers what a person selects could be useful in guiding diners to make healthier selections. The ...
Card Melissa M - - 2013
R.J. Reynolds Tobacco Co. v. Food & Drug Admin. discussed whether the FDA's promulgation of graphic images violated tobacco companies' First Amendment rights. While the tobacco companies contested the graphic images, the tobacco companies did not contest the promulgation of nine textual statements about the adverse effects of cigarettes. This ...
Vanaelst Barbara - - 2012
Although evidence suggests that hair elements may reflect dietary habits and/or mineral intake, this topic remains controversial. This study therefore presents age-specific reference values for hair concentrations of Ca, Cu, Fe, Na, Mg, P and Zn using the LMS method of Cole, and investigates the relationship between dietary habits (i.e. ...
Borges Mariane Curado - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: Systemic inflammation, therapy with corticosteroids, and reduced physical activity may increase the predisposition to accumulate body fat in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). The aim of this study was to assess the nutritional status and food intake of patients with SLE. METHODS: One hundred seventy women with SLE ...
Messina Gabriele - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: Patients often do not eat/drink enough during hospitalization. To enable patients to meet their energy and nutritional requirements, food and catering service quality and staff support are therefore important. We assessed patients' satisfaction with hospital food and investigated aspects influencing it. DESIGN: We conducted a cross-sectional study collecting patients' ...
Gasilova Natalia - - 2012
Two major milk whey proteins, β-lactoglobulin and α-lactalbumin, are among the main cow milk allergens and can cause allergy even at a very low concentrations. Therefore, these proteins are interesting targets in food analysis, not only for food quality control but also for highlighting the presence of allergens. Herein, a ...
Beluci Marli Luiz - - 2012
Abstract Objectives: To relate nutritional status with food acceptance by patients undergoing alveolar bone grafting and to elaborate an interdisciplinary instrument for data collection, involving nutrition and nursing teams. Design/Intervention: A prospective, longitudinal, and comparative study with a quantitative approach was conducted in a tertiary institutional hospital. The nutritional anthropometric ...
Flores E - - 2012
Background: Patients with pollinosis develop symptoms after intake of plant food more often than the general population. In order to study the prevalence of the presentation of allergic symptoms to plant foods in pollinosis, we selected a representative sample of the population from our Mediterranean area. Methods: All patients completed ...
Miras Alexander D AD Imperial Weight Centre, Imperial College London, London, - - 2012
Obesity is among the leading causes of disease and death. Bariatric surgery is the most effective treatment of obesity. There is increasing evidence that after gastric bypass surgery, patients and animal models show a decreased preference for sweet and fatty foods. The underlying mechanism may include alterations in taste function. ...
Carroccio Antonio A Division of Internal Medicine, Hospital of Sciacca, ASP, Agrigento, Italy. - - 2012
Non-celiac wheat sensitivity (WS) is considered a new clinical entity. An increasing percentage of the general population avoids gluten ingestion. However, the real existence of this condition is debated and specific markers are lacking. Our aim was thus to demonstrate the existence of WS and define its clinical, serologic, and ...
Buss Caroline - - 2012
PURPOSE: To identify associations between long-term (1 year) food intake and skin nutritive microvascular function in healthy subjects. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study. A validated 88-item food-frequency questionnaire was administered to 39 healthy men aged 23.4 ± 0.5 years and body mass index 23.3 ± 2.3 kg/m(2), who reported food intake during the last year and ...
Ford Lara S LS Jaffe Food Allergy Institute, Mount Sinai School of Medicine, New York, NY 10029, - - 2013
In our previous study about 75% of children with cow's milk allergy tolerated baked milk products, which improved their prognosis and quality of life. We sought to identify biomarkers of varying degrees of clinical tolerance among a cohort of children with cow's milk allergy. One hundred thirty-two subjects were initially ...
Harum Peggy - - 2012
These considerations strongly suggest that a mixed composition of dietary animal and plant foods should be encouraged in a diet for patients with CKD, whereas the intake of processed foods should be limited. Of course, it is most important to restrict intake of phosphorus in all of its forms in ...
Harrison Krista L - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Researchers have the potential to utilize genetic modification (GM) technologies to create a hybrid of "food" and "medicine" that may challenge traditional understandings of what is "natural". Moral and ethical concerns are likely to arise in any discussion of these therapeutic foods and will affect the integration of products ...
Spergel Jonathan M JM Division of Allergy and Immunology, Children's Hospital of Philadelphia, Philadelphia, PA 19104-4399, USA. - - 2012
Eosinophilic esophagitis (EoE) is a chronic inflammatory disease with isolated eosinophils in the esophagus predominantly triggered by foods. The optimal testing to identify inciting foods remains unclear. We sought to determine the effectiveness of allergy testing-directed diets in patients with EoE. A retrospective analysis of all children with EoE seen ...
Salmean Younis A - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To determine the effect of foods with added fiber on blood urea nitrogen (BUN) and serum creatinine concentrations in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD). DESIGN: Participants were enrolled in a 6-week single-blind crossover study. SETTING: Free living with partial dietary intervention. PATIENTS: Thirteen CKD patients with Modification of ...
Momosaki Ryo - - 2012
This study evaluated the clinical usefulness of the newly developed Two-Step Thickened Water Test (TTWT) in identifying patients with poststroke dysphagia at risk of aspiration of paste food. The study subjects were 110 poststroke patients (mean age, 73 ± 10 years). The TTWT comprises a bedside pretest (tongue protrusion, vocalization, ...
Newland Kate - - 2012
The complex relationship between food allergy and infantile eczema has prompted divergent approaches to investigating potential food triggers in eczematous patients. It is well recognised that a significant proportion of infants with eczema have immunoglobulin E-mediated food allergy, reported to range between 20-80%. Determining whether certain foods trigger an eczematous ...
Jyonouchi Harumi - - 2012
As opposed to IgE mediated food allergy (IFA) which can cause fatal outcomes, non-IgE mediated FA (NFA) was initially thought to be a benign condition mediated by cellular immune responses, primarily affects the GI mucosa. NFA children were thought to recover well upon avoidance of offending food. Although pathogenesis of ...
Vester Lotte - - 2012
Background. Protein contact dermatitis is a frequent disorder among hand eczema patients who have occupational food contact. Knowledge about the consequences of having protein contact dermatitis is lacking. Objectives. To investigate the consequences of having occupational skin disease on the hands resulting from food handling, with a focus on protein ...
Patelis Antonios - - 2012
BACKGROUND: IgE sensitization is an important risk factor for the development of asthma. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate the IgE antibody profile for a broad spectrum of allergen molecules in asthmatic patients. METHODS: Participants from the European Community Respiratory Health Survey II (n = 467) were tested ...
Berstad Arnold - - 2012
Patients with perceived food hypersensitivity typically present with multiple health complaints. We aimed to assess the severity of their intestinal and extra-intestinal symptoms. In a prospective study, 84 patients referred to our outpatient clinic for investigation of perceived food hypersensitivity were enrolled consecutively. Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) was diagnosed according ...
Wulfert F - - 2012
The sera of a retrospective cohort (n=41) composed of children with well characterized cow's milk allergy collected from multiple visits were analyzed using a protein microarray system measuring four classes of immunoglobulins. The frequency of the visits, age and gender distribution reflected real situation faced by the clinicians at a ...
Shah-Khan Miraj G - - 2012
Methylene blue dye has an important role in lymphatic mapping for sentinel lymph node surgery. A recent safety announcement from the US Food and Drug Administration warned physicians about possible serious central nervous system reactions in patients on serotonergic medications who received intravenous methylene blue for the identification of parathyroid ...
Davis Caroline C Kinesiology & Health Sciences, York University, Toronto, Canada M3J1P3. - - 2012
While the study of binge eating disorder (BED) has burgeoned in the past decade, an understanding of its neurobiological underpinnings is still in the early stages. Previous research suggests that BED may be an overeating syndrome characterized by a hyper-responsiveness to reward, and a strong dopamine signaling in the neuro-circuitry ...
Oyoo-Okoth Elijah - - 2012
The present study evaluated if the element profiles in hair and nails of children from the Lake Victoria region in Kenya reflect uptake from food and the environment. To this purpose, the element concentrations in hair and nails were related to element concentrations measured in food items, water, and soil. ...
Vester Lotte - - 2012
Background. Protein contact dermatitis was originally defined in 1976 by Hjorth and Roed-Petersen as a distinct kind of dermatitis seen in patients with occupational food contact. Even though occupational skin diseases are frequent in Denmark, little attention has been paid to protein contact dermatitis, and the frequency is unknown. Objectives. ...
Blatman Karen Hsu - - 2012
Eosinophilic esophagitis (EoE) is distinguished from gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) by persistent esophageal eosinophilia despite medical therapy with proton-pump inhibitors for 4-6 weeks. In children, symptoms vary by age groups such as feeding disorders in 2 year olds; vomiting in 8 year olds; and abdominal pain, dysphagia, and/or food impaction ...
Hon Kam-Lun Ellis - - 2012
Atopic eczema is a common and distressing disease. This study aimed to review the age-dependent pattern of atopic sensitization to food and aeroallergens in patients with eczema by skin prick testing. The results of skin prick test (SPT), serum IgE, bronchial challenge test, and family history of atopy in eczema ...
Roth Christian L - - 2012
Objective: To use functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) in craniopharyngioma (CP) patients to examine the hypothesis that hypothalamic damage due to CP and its treatment results in enhanced perception of food reward and/or impaired central satiety processing. Methods: Pre- and post-meal responses to visual food cues in brain regions of ...
Kaikkonen Jari E - - 2012
There is a paucity of detailed information about the role of childhood food patterns or on the impact of individual nutrients on adulthood cardiovascular disease (CVD). We review here the reports that have investigated these questions in the Young Finns Study with its 3596 subjects at baseline, aged 3 to ...
Nucera E - - 2012
Natural rubber latex allergy (NRL-A) is an international problem of public health. About 50-60% of NRL-A patients may present adverse reactions after ingestion of cross-reacting vegetable foods. This condition, called Latex-fruit Syndrome, is a matter of research. The aim of our study is to distinguish between clinical/subclinical latex-fruit syndrome and ...
Nucera E - - 2012
Profilins are panallergens, responsible for many cross-reactivities between inhalant, latex and plant-derived food allergens. We evaluated the effectiveness and the safety of sublingual desensitization treatment (SLIT) in two patients with allergic respiratory and food diseases. Skin prick tests, IgE and IgG4 assays to pollens, some plant-derived foods, profilin, non-lipid specific ...
Stewart Michael W - - 2012
In November 2011, aflibercept (Eylea; Regeneron Pharmaceuticals), a recombinant fusion protein that binds to members of the vascular endothelial growth factor family, was approved by the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) for the treatment of patients with neovascular age-related macular degeneration.
Zallot Camille - - 2012
BACKGROUND: We investigated dietary beliefs and behavior in a large population of adult inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) patients and evaluated their impact on patients' social life. METHODS: A questionnaire of 14 items was administered to all consecutive IBD patients followed at the Nancy University Hospital Department of Gastroenterology from February ...
Ostgaard Hege - - 2012
The present study investigated the diet and quality of life of irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) patients in comparison to the background population. Furthermore, it studied the effects of guidance on diet management on changes in food intake, quality of life and symptoms. A total of 35 healthy controls, 36 IBS ...
Mansueto P - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Lymphoid aggregates are normally found throughout the small and large intestine. Known as lymphoid nodular hyperplasia (LNH), these aggregates are observed especially in young children and are not associated with clinical symptoms being considered 'physiological'. In children presenting with gastrointestinal symptoms the number and size of the lymphoid follicles ...
Elbashir Abdalla A - - 2012
Capillary electrophoresis with a capacitively contactless conductivity detector (CE-C(4) D) is becoming a significant useful technique for the analysis of analytes in various fields such as pharmaceutical, biomedical, food and environmental. This review is an update describing the recent developments in the application of CE with a C(4) D detector. ...
Cucu Tatiana - - 2012
Food allergy, an abnormal immunological response due to sensitization to a food component, has become an important health problem, especially in industrialized countries. The aim of this study was to investigate the impact of thermal processing and glycation on the basophil activation by hazelnut proteins using a basophil activation test. ...
Gonsalves Nirmala - - 2012
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Adults with eosinophilic esophagitis (EoE) typically present with dysphagia and food impaction. A 6-food elimination diet (SFED) is effective in children with EoE. We assessed the effects of the SFED followed by food reintroduction on the histologic response, symptoms, and quality of life (QOL) in adults with ...
Yarnell Eric L - - 2012
A young boy with prior constipation developed recurrent severe calcium phosphate kidney calculi, sometimes sufficient to cause acute kidney failure and hydronephrosis. After several major surgeries, food allergies were determined by serum immunoglobulin E testing, and when he finally went on a gluten-free diet, he stopped forming calculi and has ...
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