Search Results
Results 1 - 50 of 749
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >
Sonneville Kendrin R KR Division of Adolescent Medicine, Boston Children's Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts, USA; Department of Pediatrics, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts, USA; Department of Environmental Health Sciences, University of Michigan School of Public Health, Ann Arbor, Michigan, - - 2014
To examine the tracking and significance of beverage consumption in infancy and childhood. Among 1163 children in Project Viva, we examined associations of fruit juice and water intake at 1 year (0 oz, 1-7 oz [small], 8-15 oz [medium], and ≥16 oz [large]) with juice and sugar-sweetened beverage (SSB) intake ...
Mithieux Gilles G Inserm U855, Faculté de Médecine Lyon-Est « Laennec », 69372 Lyon Cedex 08, France; Université Lyon 1, 69622 Villeurbanne, France; Université de Lyon, 69008 Lyon, France. Electronic address: - - 2014
Recent data have emphasized that the gastrointestinal nervous system is preponderant in the sensing of nutrients and hormones and its translation in terms of control of food intake by the central nervous system. More specifically, the gastrointestinal neural system participates in the control of hunger via the sensing of at ...
Elliott Charlene C Department of Communication and Culture, Faculty of Arts, University of Calgary, 2500 University Avenue NW, Calgary, Alberta, Canada T2N 1N4. Electronic address: - - 2014
In light of its influence on food preferences, purchase requests and consumption patterns, food marketing-particularly for unhealthy foods-has been increasingly recognized as a problem that affects the health of young people. This has prompted both a scrutiny of the nutritional quality of food products and various interventions to promote healthy ...
Monaci Linda L Institute of Sciences of Food Production, National Research Council of Italy (ISPA-CNR), Via Amendola 122/O, 70126, Bari, Italy. Electronic address: - - 2014
Ingestion of food is considered a major route of exposure to many contaminants including mycotoxins. The amount of mycotoxin resisting to the digestion process and potentially absorbable by the systemic circulation is only a smaller part of that ingested. In vitro digestion models turn useful for evaluating mycotoxins bioaccessibility during ...
Orlich Michael J MJ Adventist Health Studies, School of Public Health, Loma Linda University,24951 North Circle Drive, Nichol Hall 2031,Loma - - 2014
Vegetarian dietary patterns have been reported to be associated with a number of favourable health outcomes in epidemiological studies, including the Adventist Health Study 2 (AHS-2). Such dietary patterns may vary and need further characterisation regarding foods consumed. The aims of the present study were to characterise and compare the ...
Raithel Martin - - 2014
Gastrointestinal bleeding and iron deficiency anaemia may cause severe symptoms and may require extensive diagnostics and substantial amounts of health resources.This case report focuses on the clinical presentation of a 22 year old patient with recurrent gastrointestinal bleeding from multilocular non-healing ulcers of the stomach, duodenum and jejunum over a ...
Augustin Mary Ann MA CSIRO Preventative Health National Research Flagship, - - 2014
Microencapsulation provides a vehicle for the incorporation of fats and oils into powders that can be used as dry ingredients in an expanded variety of food products. Microencapsulated omega-3 oils in particular are commonly incorporated into a variety of foods and numerous in vitro studies have examined the impact of ...
Diamanti A A Artificial Nutrition Unit-Gastroenterology, Hepatology and Nutrition Unit, 'Bambino Gesù' Children's Hospital, Rome, - - 2014
Background/Objectives:Neonatal short bowel syndrome (SBS) follows early intestinal resections that may expose the children to increased intestinal contact with undigested food proteins and to the risk of food allergy. We report three consecutive cases of cow's milk allergy (CMA) in SBS infants.Subjects/Methods:We reviewed three cases of CMA developed in 37 ...
Mithieux G G Inserm U855, Faculté de Médecine Lyon-Est Laennec, Lyon, France; Faculté de Médecine Lyon-Est Laennec, Université Lyon 1, Villeurbanne, France; Faculté de Médecine Lyon-Est Laennec, Université de Lyon, Lyon, - - 2014
The extrinsic gastrointestinal nerves are crucial in the sensing of nutrients and hormones and its translation in terms of control of food intake. Major macronutrients like glucose and protein are sensed by the extrinsic nerves located in the portal vein walls, which signal to the brain and account for the ...
Stefka Andrew T AT Departments of Pathology, - - 2014
Environmentally induced alterations in the commensal microbiota have been implicated in the increasing prevalence of food allergy. We show here that sensitization to a food allergen is increased in mice that have been treated with antibiotics or are devoid of a commensal microbiota. By selectively colonizing gnotobiotic mice, we demonstrate ...
Arvidsson A A Aleris Obesity Academy, St Lars v 45B, SE-22270, Lund, Sweden, - - 2014
Bariatric patients seeking information meet very different recommendations on postoperative diet and eating behaviour. A reason for variability may be lack of hard evidence. A national survey on current dietary advice was conducted to serve as background for the present study on how drinking during a meal influenced caloric consumption. ...
Li Xuemei X Key Laboratory of Freshwater Biodiversity Conservation, Ministry of Agriculture of China Yangtze River Fisheries Research Institute, Chinese Academy of Fishery Sciences, Wuhan, - - 2014
a study was conducted to compare the intestinal microbial compositions of two fish species with similar feeding strategy; paddlefish (Polyodon spathala) and bighead carp (Aristichthys nobilis) reared in the same pond. age-0 paddlefish and bighead carp with mean average body lengths of 43.39±2.78 cm and 19.33± 3.68 cm, respectively were ...
Clayden Meredith G MG Canadian Rivers Institute and Biology Department, University of New Brunswick, Saint John, NB E2L 4L5, Canada. Electronic address: - - 2014
Recurring polynyas are important areas of biological productivity and feeding grounds for seabirds and mammals in the Arctic marine environment. In this study, we examined food web structure (using carbon and nitrogen isotopes, δ(13)C and δ(15)N) and mercury (Hg) bioaccumulation and biomagnification in a small recurring polynya ecosystem near Nasaruvaalik ...
Klanicova-Zalewska B B Veterinary Research Institute, Hudcova 70, 621 00 Brno, Czech Republic. Electronic address: - - 2014
Nontuberculous mycobacteria (NTM) are ubiquitous, potentially pathogenic organisms that have been isolated from a variety of environmental sources. NTM have been isolated from various kinds of food and many studies support the hypothesis that food, especially raw or partially cooked products, plays a role as a source of NTM for ...
Collebrusco Luca L Rehabilitation Unit, National Health Service of Umbria, Perugia, - - 2014
A chronic continuous or intermittent gastrointestinal tract dysfunction, the irritable bowel syndrome (IBS), appears to be due to dysregulation of brain-gut-microbiota communication. Furthermore, the "microbiota" greatly impacts the bi-directional brain-gut axis communication. This article describes IBS in relation to similar diseases, presents the background to osteopathy, and proposes osteopathic manipulative ...
Sintubin P P Division of Livestock-Nutrition-Quality, Department of Biosystems, KU Leuven, Kasteelpark Arenberg, 30, 3001 Leuven, Belgium. Electronic address: - - 2014
The R(+) and R(-) chicken lines have been divergently selected for high (R(+)) or low (R(-)) residual feed intake. For the same body weight and egg production, the R(+) chickens consume 40% more food than their counterparts R(-) lines. In the present study we sought to determine the hypothalamic expression ...
Nikièma Laetitia L Institut de Recherche en Sciences de la Santé, Ministry of Scientific Research and Innovation, Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso (LN, HL, ST, SK, and BS); the Child Health and Nutrition Unit, Department of Public Health, Institute of Tropical Medicine, Antwerp, Belgium (DR, LH, and PK); and the Department of Food Safety and Food Quality, Ghent University, Ghent, Belgium (LH, KB, and - - 2014
Management of moderate acute malnutrition (MAM) is, currently, focused on food supplementation approaches. However, the sustainability of these strategies remains weak in low- and middle-income countries. In food-secure settings, an educational/behavioral intervention could be an alternative for improving MAM management. This study compared the effectiveness of weekly context-appropriate child-centered counseling ...
Dervisoglu Muhammet M a Department of Food Engineering, Engineering Faculty , Ondokuz Mayis University , Samsun , - - 2014
In this study, the presence of natamycin and quality parameters of yoghurt samples manufactured by small- and large-scale dairy firms in Turkey were investigated. Physicochemical and microbiological results revealed that, except Lactobacillus bulgaricus and Streptococcus thermophilus counts, the majority of the yoghurts manufactured by small-scale dairy firms were found to ...
Asikin Yonathan Y United Graduate School of Agricultural Science, Kagoshima University, 1-21-24 Korimoto, Kagoshima, 890-0065, - - 2014
Shiikuwasha (Citrus depressa Hayata) juice from four main cultivation lines subjected to two peeling practices (with or without peeling) were discriminated in terms of quality attributes, represented by sugar and organic acid composition, taste characteristic, aroma profile, and antioxidant activity. Shiikuwasha juice from these lines had diverse food compositions; 'Izumi ...
Gil-Humanes Javier J Instituto de Agricultura Sostenible, CSIC, Córdoba, - - 2014
Celiac disease is a food-sensitive enteropathy triggered by the ingestion of wheat gluten proteins and related proteins from barley, rye, and some varieties of oat. There are no interventional therapies and the only solution is a lifelong gluten-free diet. The down-regulation of gliadins by RNAi provides wheat lines with all ...
Lu Hsiao-Pei HP 1] Department of Life Science, National Taiwan University, Taipei, Taiwan, ROC 10617 - - 2014
We analyzed bacterial communities of six distinct gut sites (the food bolus and mucus layer of the proximal small intestine, cecum and distal large intestine), using wild folivorous flying squirrels. We found significant spatial heterogeneity in composition, diversity, and species abundance distributions (SADs) of gut microbiota, corresponding to physicochemical conditions. ...
Müller Katrin - - 2013
Considering the lack of uniformity regarding school meals in Europe, information on adolescents' school lunch patterns is of public health importance. Thus, the aim of this analysis was to describe and evaluate lunchtime energy and food intake of European adolescents at different lunch locations. Data on nutritional and health-related parameters ...
Nesil Tanseli T Department of Psychiatry and Neurobehavioral Sciences, University of Virginia, 1670 Discovery Drive, Charlottesville, VA 22911, - - 2013
Previous animal studies have revealed significant involvement of genetics in nicotine intake; however, the extent of the genetic contribution to this behavior has not been well addressed. We report the first study of nine generations of selection for high and low voluntary nicotine intake in outbred Sprague-Dawley rats. Bidirectional mass ...
Nagano Kuniaki - - 2013
Cooked rice of 'Sasanishiki' is soft and not as sticky as those of Japanese leading cultivars 'Koshihikari' and 'Hitomebore'. As a method for efficient selection of a breeding line having a good eating quality like that of 'Sasanishiki', the use of physical properties of cooked rice and cooking quality was ...
Vernez Moudon Anne A Department of Urban Design and Planning, University of Washington, Box 3548002, Seattle, WA 98195, USA. - - 2013
To assess a county population’s exposure to different types of food sources reported to affect both diet quality and obesity rates. Food permit records obtained from the local health department served to establish the full census of food stores and restaurants. Employing prior categorization schemes which classified the relative healthfulness ...
Verbeke Wim - - 2013
The objective of this study is to explore the association between pork as the main meal component and the choice for side dishes and beverages depending on foodscape and individual characteristics, including overweight and obesity among fresh pork consumers (n=2156) in five European countries (Belgium, Denmark, Germany, Greece and Poland). ...
Machackova Marie - - 2013
The new on-line Czech Food Composition Database (FCDB) was launched on http://www.czfcdb.cz in December 2010 as a main freely available channel for dissemination of Czech food composition data. The application is based on a complied FCDB documented according to the EuroFIR standardised procedure for full value documentation and indexing of ...
Hagen Christopher J - - 2013
Galanin, a 29 residue peptide found in the hypothalamus, causes orexigenic effects in a variety of species. In the present study, we investigated appetite-associated effects of galanin in chicks from lines which have been selected from a common founder population for either low or high body weight. The low line ...
Wansink Brian - - 2013
Each day, tens of millions of restaurant goers, conference attendees, college students, military personnel, and school children serve themselves at buffets - many being all-you-can-eat buffets. Knowing how the food order at a buffet triggers what a person selects could be useful in guiding diners to make healthier selections. The ...
Card Melissa M - - 2013
R.J. Reynolds Tobacco Co. v. Food & Drug Admin. discussed whether the FDA's promulgation of graphic images violated tobacco companies' First Amendment rights. While the tobacco companies contested the graphic images, the tobacco companies did not contest the promulgation of nine textual statements about the adverse effects of cigarettes. This ...
O'Connor Laura L School of Food and Nutritional Sciences, University College Cork , Cork , Republic of - - 2013
To examine the relationship between dietary energy density (DED) and the nutritional quality of the diet, using data from the Irish National Children's Food Survey (NCFS) and the National Teens' Food Survey (NTFS), two cross-sectional studies of food consumption were carried out between 2003 and 2006. Data from the NCFS ...
Vanaelst Barbara - - 2012
Although evidence suggests that hair elements may reflect dietary habits and/or mineral intake, this topic remains controversial. This study therefore presents age-specific reference values for hair concentrations of Ca, Cu, Fe, Na, Mg, P and Zn using the LMS method of Cole, and investigates the relationship between dietary habits (i.e. ...
Borges Mariane Curado - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: Systemic inflammation, therapy with corticosteroids, and reduced physical activity may increase the predisposition to accumulate body fat in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). The aim of this study was to assess the nutritional status and food intake of patients with SLE. METHODS: One hundred seventy women with SLE ...
Messina Gabriele - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: Patients often do not eat/drink enough during hospitalization. To enable patients to meet their energy and nutritional requirements, food and catering service quality and staff support are therefore important. We assessed patients' satisfaction with hospital food and investigated aspects influencing it. DESIGN: We conducted a cross-sectional study collecting patients' ...
Gasilova Natalia - - 2012
Two major milk whey proteins, β-lactoglobulin and α-lactalbumin, are among the main cow milk allergens and can cause allergy even at a very low concentrations. Therefore, these proteins are interesting targets in food analysis, not only for food quality control but also for highlighting the presence of allergens. Herein, a ...
Beluci Marli Luiz - - 2012
Abstract Objectives: To relate nutritional status with food acceptance by patients undergoing alveolar bone grafting and to elaborate an interdisciplinary instrument for data collection, involving nutrition and nursing teams. Design/Intervention: A prospective, longitudinal, and comparative study with a quantitative approach was conducted in a tertiary institutional hospital. The nutritional anthropometric ...
Flores E - - 2012
Background: Patients with pollinosis develop symptoms after intake of plant food more often than the general population. In order to study the prevalence of the presentation of allergic symptoms to plant foods in pollinosis, we selected a representative sample of the population from our Mediterranean area. Methods: All patients completed ...
Miras Alexander D AD Imperial Weight Centre, Imperial College London, London, - - 2012
Obesity is among the leading causes of disease and death. Bariatric surgery is the most effective treatment of obesity. There is increasing evidence that after gastric bypass surgery, patients and animal models show a decreased preference for sweet and fatty foods. The underlying mechanism may include alterations in taste function. ...
Carroccio Antonio A Division of Internal Medicine, Hospital of Sciacca, ASP, Agrigento, Italy. - - 2012
Non-celiac wheat sensitivity (WS) is considered a new clinical entity. An increasing percentage of the general population avoids gluten ingestion. However, the real existence of this condition is debated and specific markers are lacking. Our aim was thus to demonstrate the existence of WS and define its clinical, serologic, and ...
Buss Caroline - - 2012
PURPOSE: To identify associations between long-term (1 year) food intake and skin nutritive microvascular function in healthy subjects. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study. A validated 88-item food-frequency questionnaire was administered to 39 healthy men aged 23.4 ± 0.5 years and body mass index 23.3 ± 2.3 kg/m(2), who reported food intake during the last year and ...
Ford Lara S LS Jaffe Food Allergy Institute, Mount Sinai School of Medicine, New York, NY 10029, - - 2013
In our previous study about 75% of children with cow's milk allergy tolerated baked milk products, which improved their prognosis and quality of life. We sought to identify biomarkers of varying degrees of clinical tolerance among a cohort of children with cow's milk allergy. One hundred thirty-two subjects were initially ...
Harum Peggy - - 2012
These considerations strongly suggest that a mixed composition of dietary animal and plant foods should be encouraged in a diet for patients with CKD, whereas the intake of processed foods should be limited. Of course, it is most important to restrict intake of phosphorus in all of its forms in ...
Harrison Krista L - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Researchers have the potential to utilize genetic modification (GM) technologies to create a hybrid of "food" and "medicine" that may challenge traditional understandings of what is "natural". Moral and ethical concerns are likely to arise in any discussion of these therapeutic foods and will affect the integration of products ...
Spergel Jonathan M JM Division of Allergy and Immunology, Children's Hospital of Philadelphia, Philadelphia, PA 19104-4399, USA. - - 2012
Eosinophilic esophagitis (EoE) is a chronic inflammatory disease with isolated eosinophils in the esophagus predominantly triggered by foods. The optimal testing to identify inciting foods remains unclear. We sought to determine the effectiveness of allergy testing-directed diets in patients with EoE. A retrospective analysis of all children with EoE seen ...
Salmean Younis A - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To determine the effect of foods with added fiber on blood urea nitrogen (BUN) and serum creatinine concentrations in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD). DESIGN: Participants were enrolled in a 6-week single-blind crossover study. SETTING: Free living with partial dietary intervention. PATIENTS: Thirteen CKD patients with Modification of ...
Momosaki Ryo - - 2012
This study evaluated the clinical usefulness of the newly developed Two-Step Thickened Water Test (TTWT) in identifying patients with poststroke dysphagia at risk of aspiration of paste food. The study subjects were 110 poststroke patients (mean age, 73 ± 10 years). The TTWT comprises a bedside pretest (tongue protrusion, vocalization, ...
Newland Kate - - 2012
The complex relationship between food allergy and infantile eczema has prompted divergent approaches to investigating potential food triggers in eczematous patients. It is well recognised that a significant proportion of infants with eczema have immunoglobulin E-mediated food allergy, reported to range between 20-80%. Determining whether certain foods trigger an eczematous ...
Jyonouchi Harumi - - 2012
As opposed to IgE mediated food allergy (IFA) which can cause fatal outcomes, non-IgE mediated FA (NFA) was initially thought to be a benign condition mediated by cellular immune responses, primarily affects the GI mucosa. NFA children were thought to recover well upon avoidance of offending food. Although pathogenesis of ...
Vester Lotte - - 2012
Background. Protein contact dermatitis is a frequent disorder among hand eczema patients who have occupational food contact. Knowledge about the consequences of having protein contact dermatitis is lacking. Objectives. To investigate the consequences of having occupational skin disease on the hands resulting from food handling, with a focus on protein ...
Patelis Antonios - - 2012
BACKGROUND: IgE sensitization is an important risk factor for the development of asthma. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate the IgE antibody profile for a broad spectrum of allergen molecules in asthmatic patients. METHODS: Participants from the European Community Respiratory Health Survey II (n = 467) were tested ...
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >