Search Results
Results 1 - 50 of 777
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >
Epps Sharon V R SV a United States Department of Agriculture, Agricultural Research Service, Southern Plains Agricultural Research Center , Food & Feed Safety Research Unit , College Station , Texas , - - 2015
Campylobacter jejuni is an important human food-borne pathogen that can contaminate meat and poultry during processing. Consequently, strategies are sought to reduce the carriage of C. jejuni in food animals before they arrive at the abattoir. Thymol is a natural product that reduces survivability of Campylobacter in vitro, but its ...
Cirlini Martina M LS9 Bioactives&Health, Interlaboratory Group, Department of Food Science, University of Parma , Parma , Italy - - 2014
Abstract Food processing may induce thermal degradation of fumonisins in corn via Maillard-type reactions, or alkaline hydrolysis via loss of the two tricarballylic acid moieties. In the former case, N-(1-deoxy-D-fructos-1-yl)-fumonisin B1 (NDF) can be formed, while the latter derivative is called hydrolysed fumonisin B1 (HFB1). The aim of this study ...
Hamzalıoğlu Aytül A Department of Food Engineering, Hacettepe University, 06800 Beytepe, Ankara, Turkey. - - 2014
This study investigated the fate of acrylamide in thermally processed foods after ingestion. An in vitro multistep enzymatic digestion system simulating gastric, duodenal and colon phases was used to understand the fate of acrylamide in bakery and fried potato products. Acrylamide levels gradually decreased through gastric, duodenal and colon phases ...
Ohtsuka Yoshikazu Y Department of Pediatrics and Adolescence Medicine, Juntendo University Graduate School of Medicine, Tokyo, - - 2014
Most infants are immunologically active to develop a tolerance to oligoclonal antigens by producing IgA and introducing regulatory T cells in early infancy. Cytokines and their signalling molecules are important mediators in the intestine regulating both oral tolerance and mucosal inflammation. This system works efficiently in most individuals, but for ...
Posovszky Carsten C University Outpatient Clinic for Pediatric Gastroenterology, Ulm, - - 2014
The gastrointestinal tract is the gateway for food in our body. Food ingestion and the ensuing digestive processes depend on the composition and amount of ingested nutrients. This complex process of nutrient digestion and absorption is effectively regulated by the enteroendocrine system. Enteroendocrine cells (EECs) reside scattered throughout the intestinal ...
Larraufie Pierre P INRA,UMR 1319 Micalis,78352 Jouy en - - 2014
The recent developments of metagenomics permit an extremely high-resolution molecular scan of the intestinal microbiota giving new insights and opening perspectives for clinical applications. Beyond the unprecedented vision of the intestinal microbiota given by large-scale quantitative metagenomics studies, such as the EU MetaHIT project, functional metagenomics tools allow the exploration ...
Wu Liangyu - - 2014
Apple pomace, a by-product of the apple juice processing industry may be used as a matrix for carrying phytochemicals. High pressure processing (600 MPa for 5 min) or heat treatment (121 °C for 5 min) of wet apple pomace can increase shelf life of the pomace but may influence the ...
Chen Ya-Cheng YC Department of Radiology, Tri-Service General Hospital, National Defense Medical Center, Taipei, Taiwan, Republic of - - 2014
The objective is to use multidetector computed tomography (MDCT) to differentiate phytobezoar impaction and small-bowel faeces in patients with small-bowel obstruction (SBO). We retrospectively reviewed 91 consecutive SBO patients with surgically proven phytobezoars (n = 31) or adhesion with small-bowel faeces (n = 60). Two readers blinded to the diagnosis recorded the following MDCT ...
Christiansen Martin Lau ML Department of Pharmacy, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen, 2100, - - 2014
This study investigated the oral absorption of drugs in minipigs to predict food effects in man. The protocol was based on a previously described model in dogs and further investigated the food source (i.e., US FDA breakfast or a nutritional drink) and food quantities. Two poorly soluble compounds were investigated ...
Zuo Tao T College of Food Science and Engineering, Ocean University of China, Yushan Road 5th, Qingdao, Shandong Province 266003, China. - - 2014
Mucositis is a common problem that results from cancer chemotherapy and is a cause of significant morbidity and occasional mortality. Its prevention and successful treatment can significantly enhance the quality of life of patients and improve their survival. Sea cucumber is a traditional aquatic food that has both nutritional and ...
Song Geng-Qing GQ Veterans Research and Education Foundation, VA Medical Center, Oklahoma City, OK, - - 2014
The aim of this study was to test the hypothesis that that a method of gastric electrical stimulation (GES) optimized to inhibit gastric motility was effective in reducing food intake in dogs. Female dogs with a gastric cannula and gastric serosal electrodes were studied in three experiments: (1) to determine ...
Redondo-Cerezo Eduardo E Eduardo Redondo-Cerezo, Endoscopy Unit, Department of Gastroenterology, University Hospital Virgen de Las Nieves, 18014 Granada, - - 2014
Wireless capsule endoscopy (CE) is a technology developed for the endoscopic exploration of the small bowel. The first capsule model was approved by the Food and Drug Administration in 2001, and its first and essential indication was occult gastrointestinal (GI) bleeding. Over subsequent years, this technology has been refined to ...
Syrigou Ekaterini E Allergy Department, "Sotiria" General Hospital, Mesogion 152, 11527, Athens, - - 2014
Food allergy is an immune-mediated reaction that occurs reproducibly on exposure to a certain food or food component (most commonly a protein) and is distinct from other conditions causing adverse responses to food, including digestive/absorptive processes, toxic reactions and autoimmune disorders [1]. Coeliac disease (CD) is an autoimmune condition which ...
Giese Helge H University of Konstanz, - - 2014
Background: Building upon previous results, the present study explored the relationship between exposure to unhealthy and healthy food TV commercials, trait self-control, and food intake. Methods: In total, 825 Finns (53% female), 1,055 Germans (55% female), and 971 Romanians (55% female) aged 8-21 reported advertisement exposure, self-control, and food intake. ...
Kleebauer Alistair - - 2014
Night shift staff will have access to healthy food options as part of a drive to improve the health of hospital staff in England, NHS chief executive Simon Stevens said as he announced his vision for the health service last week.
Hata Hiroki - - 2014
BackgroundLake Tanganyika, an ancient lake in the Great Rift Valley, is famous for the adaptive radiation of cichlids. Five tribes of the Cichlidae family have acquired herbivory, with five ecomorphs: grazers, browsers, scrapers, biters, and scoopers. Sixteen species of the herbivorous cichlids coexist on a rocky littoral slope in the ...
Weigel M Margaret MM a Departments of Public Health Sciences and Human Immunology, Nutrition, and Disease Research Laboratory , University of Texas at El Paso , El Paso , Texas , - - 2014
Data from a nationally representative survey of Ecuadorian households with reproductive-aged women (n = 10,784) were used to analyze the prevalence of household food insufficiency (HFI) and its association with sociodemographic characteristics, food acquisition and expenditure patterns, dietary diversity, and anthropometric indicators. Fifteen percent of households had food insufficiency and ...
Gámez Cristina C Immunology Department, IIS-Fundación Jiménez Díaz, Spain; CIBER de Enfermedades Respiratorias (CIBERES), - - 2015
Shrimp are highly allergenic foods. Current management are limited to the avoidance of foods. Therefore, there is an unmet need for a safe and effective therapy using modified allergens. This study focuses on assessing the potential for modification of the allergenicity of shrimp proteins following heat treatment or simulated gastric ...
Raigond Pinky P Division of Crop Physiology, Biochemistry & Post Harvest Technology, Central Potato Research Institute, Shimla, - - 2014
The nutritional property of starch is related to its rate and extent of digestion and absorption in the small intestine. For nutritional purposes, starch is classifi ed as rapidly available, slowly available and resistant starch (RS). The exact underlying mechanism of relative resistance of starch granules is complicated because those ...
Sonneville Kendrin R KR Division of Adolescent Medicine, Boston Children's Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts, USA; Department of Pediatrics, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts, USA; Department of Environmental Health Sciences, University of Michigan School of Public Health, Ann Arbor, Michigan, - - 2014
To examine the tracking and significance of beverage consumption in infancy and childhood. Among 1163 children in Project Viva, we examined associations of fruit juice and water intake at 1 year (0 oz, 1-7 oz [small], 8-15 oz [medium], and ≥16 oz [large]) with juice and sugar-sweetened beverage (SSB) intake ...
Genton L L Clinical Nutrition, University Hospital, Geneva, Switzerland. Electronic address: - - 2014
Increasing evidence shows that gut microbiota composition is related to changes of gut barrier function including gut permeability and immune function. Gut microbiota is different in obese compared to lean subjects, suggesting that gut microbes are also involved in energy metabolism and subsequent nutritional state. While research on gut microbiota ...
Holtmann Gerald G Department of Gastroenterology & Hepatology, Princess Alexandra Hospital Brisbane, Translational Research Institute, Faculty for Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, Faculty of Health and Behavioural Sciences, University of Queensland, Brisbane, QLD, Australia. Electronic address: - - 2014
The stomach has distinct functions in relation to the ingestion and handling of solids and liquids. These functions include storage of the food before it is gradually emptied into the duodenum, mechanical crushing of larger food particles to increase the surface area, secretion of an acidic enzyme rich gastric juice ...
Mithieux Gilles G Inserm U855, Faculté de Médecine Lyon-Est « Laennec », 69372 Lyon Cedex 08, France; Université Lyon 1, 69622 Villeurbanne, France; Université de Lyon, 69008 Lyon, France. Electronic address: - - 2014
Recent data have emphasized that the gastrointestinal nervous system is preponderant in the sensing of nutrients and hormones and its translation in terms of control of food intake by the central nervous system. More specifically, the gastrointestinal neural system participates in the control of hunger via the sensing of at ...
Engler-Stringer Rachel R Department of Community Health and Epidemiology, University of Saskatchewan, 104 Clinic Place, Saskatoon, Saskatchewan, Canada. Electronic address: - - 2014
We examined location-related accessibility to healthy and unhealthy food sources for school going children in Saskatoon, Saskatchewan. We compared proximity to food sources from school sites and from small clusters of homes (i.e., dissemination blocks) as a proxy for home location. We found that (1) unhealthy food sources are more ...
Elliott Charlene C Department of Communication and Culture, Faculty of Arts, University of Calgary, 2500 University Avenue NW, Calgary, Alberta, Canada T2N 1N4. Electronic address: - - 2014
In light of its influence on food preferences, purchase requests and consumption patterns, food marketing-particularly for unhealthy foods-has been increasingly recognized as a problem that affects the health of young people. This has prompted both a scrutiny of the nutritional quality of food products and various interventions to promote healthy ...
Monaci Linda L Institute of Sciences of Food Production, National Research Council of Italy (ISPA-CNR), Via Amendola 122/O, 70126, Bari, Italy. Electronic address: - - 2014
Ingestion of food is considered a major route of exposure to many contaminants including mycotoxins. The amount of mycotoxin resisting to the digestion process and potentially absorbable by the systemic circulation is only a smaller part of that ingested. In vitro digestion models turn useful for evaluating mycotoxins bioaccessibility during ...
Orlich Michael J MJ Adventist Health Studies, School of Public Health, Loma Linda University,24951 North Circle Drive, Nichol Hall 2031,Loma - - 2014
Vegetarian dietary patterns have been reported to be associated with a number of favourable health outcomes in epidemiological studies, including the Adventist Health Study 2 (AHS-2). Such dietary patterns may vary and need further characterisation regarding foods consumed. The aims of the present study were to characterise and compare the ...
Raithel Martin - - 2014
Gastrointestinal bleeding and iron deficiency anaemia may cause severe symptoms and may require extensive diagnostics and substantial amounts of health resources.This case report focuses on the clinical presentation of a 22 year old patient with recurrent gastrointestinal bleeding from multilocular non-healing ulcers of the stomach, duodenum and jejunum over a ...
Augustin Mary Ann MA CSIRO Preventative Health National Research Flagship, - - 2014
Microencapsulation provides a vehicle for the incorporation of fats and oils into powders that can be used as dry ingredients in an expanded variety of food products. Microencapsulated omega-3 oils in particular are commonly incorporated into a variety of foods and numerous in vitro studies have examined the impact of ...
Diamanti A A Artificial Nutrition Unit-Gastroenterology, Hepatology and Nutrition Unit, 'Bambino Gesù' Children's Hospital, Rome, - - 2014
Background/Objectives:Neonatal short bowel syndrome (SBS) follows early intestinal resections that may expose the children to increased intestinal contact with undigested food proteins and to the risk of food allergy. We report three consecutive cases of cow's milk allergy (CMA) in SBS infants.Subjects/Methods:We reviewed three cases of CMA developed in 37 ...
Mithieux G G Inserm U855, Faculté de Médecine Lyon-Est Laennec, Lyon, France; Faculté de Médecine Lyon-Est Laennec, Université Lyon 1, Villeurbanne, France; Faculté de Médecine Lyon-Est Laennec, Université de Lyon, Lyon, - - 2014
The extrinsic gastrointestinal nerves are crucial in the sensing of nutrients and hormones and its translation in terms of control of food intake. Major macronutrients like glucose and protein are sensed by the extrinsic nerves located in the portal vein walls, which signal to the brain and account for the ...
Clark J Stephen - - 2014
This study summarizes the empirical literature on fat taxes and thin subsidies to assess their efficiency and efficacy as instruments of public policy to control obesity. Three specific types of taxes are studied in the literature: food group taxes; nutrient taxes; and nutrient index taxes. Anumber of studies use food ...
Stefka Andrew T AT Departments of - - 2014
Environmentally induced alterations in the commensal microbiota have been implicated in the increasing prevalence of food allergy. We show here that sensitization to a food allergen is increased in mice that have been treated with antibiotics or are devoid of a commensal microbiota. By selectively colonizing gnotobiotic mice, we demonstrate ...
Arvidsson A A Aleris Obesity Academy, St Lars v 45B, SE-22270, Lund, Sweden, - - 2014
Bariatric patients seeking information meet very different recommendations on postoperative diet and eating behaviour. A reason for variability may be lack of hard evidence. A national survey on current dietary advice was conducted to serve as background for the present study on how drinking during a meal influenced caloric consumption. ...
Li Xuemei X Key Laboratory of Freshwater Biodiversity Conservation, Ministry of Agriculture of China Yangtze River Fisheries Research Institute, Chinese Academy of Fishery Sciences, Wuhan, - - 2014
a study was conducted to compare the intestinal microbial compositions of two fish species with similar feeding strategy; paddlefish (Polyodon spathala) and bighead carp (Aristichthys nobilis) reared in the same pond. age-0 paddlefish and bighead carp with mean average body lengths of 43.39±2.78 cm and 19.33± 3.68 cm, respectively were ...
Clayden Meredith G MG Canadian Rivers Institute and Biology Department, University of New Brunswick, Saint John, NB E2L 4L5, Canada. Electronic address: - - 2014
Recurring polynyas are important areas of biological productivity and feeding grounds for seabirds and mammals in the Arctic marine environment. In this study, we examined food web structure (using carbon and nitrogen isotopes, δ(13)C and δ(15)N) and mercury (Hg) bioaccumulation and biomagnification in a small recurring polynya ecosystem near Nasaruvaalik ...
Klanicova-Zalewska B B Veterinary Research Institute, Hudcova 70, 621 00 Brno, Czech Republic. Electronic address: - - 2014
Nontuberculous mycobacteria (NTM) are ubiquitous, potentially pathogenic organisms that have been isolated from a variety of environmental sources. NTM have been isolated from various kinds of food and many studies support the hypothesis that food, especially raw or partially cooked products, plays a role as a source of NTM for ...
Collebrusco Luca L Rehabilitation Unit, National Health Service of Umbria, Perugia, - - 2014
A chronic continuous or intermittent gastrointestinal tract dysfunction, the irritable bowel syndrome (IBS), appears to be due to dysregulation of brain-gut-microbiota communication. Furthermore, the "microbiota" greatly impacts the bi-directional brain-gut axis communication. This article describes IBS in relation to similar diseases, presents the background to osteopathy, and proposes osteopathic manipulative ...
Cushing Christopher C CC University of Kansas, Clinical Child Psychology Program, Lawrence, Kansas. Electronic address: - - 2014
Food cravings are more prevalent and potentially problematic for many individuals with obesity. Initial evidence suggests that bariatric surgery has some short-term beneficial effects on cravings in adults, but little is known about the effect on adolescents or the trajectory beyond 6 months. The purpose of the present study was ...
Sintubin P P Division of Livestock-Nutrition-Quality, Department of Biosystems, KU Leuven, Kasteelpark Arenberg, 30, 3001 Leuven, Belgium. Electronic address: - - 2014
The R(+) and R(-) chicken lines have been divergently selected for high (R(+)) or low (R(-)) residual feed intake. For the same body weight and egg production, the R(+) chickens consume 40% more food than their counterparts R(-) lines. In the present study we sought to determine the hypothalamic expression ...
Nikièma Laetitia L Institut de Recherche en Sciences de la Santé, Ministry of Scientific Research and Innovation, Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso (LN, HL, ST, SK, and BS); the Child Health and Nutrition Unit, Department of Public Health, Institute of Tropical Medicine, Antwerp, Belgium (DR, LH, and PK); and the Department of Food Safety and Food Quality, Ghent University, Ghent, Belgium (LH, KB, and - - 2014
Management of moderate acute malnutrition (MAM) is, currently, focused on food supplementation approaches. However, the sustainability of these strategies remains weak in low- and middle-income countries. In food-secure settings, an educational/behavioral intervention could be an alternative for improving MAM management. This study compared the effectiveness of weekly context-appropriate child-centered counseling ...
Corte-Real Joana J Agro- and biotechnologies Department, Centre de Recherche Public-Gabriel Lippmann, 41, rue du Brill, L-4422, Belvaux - - 2014
Because of their putative health benefits, the biological fate of carotenoids after digestion has been met with much interest, and ex vivo methods using carotenoid standards to study their digestion and further metabolism have been developed. In the absence of a complex food matrix, that is, when studying isolated carotenoids, ...
Dervisoglu Muhammet M a Department of Food Engineering, Engineering Faculty , Ondokuz Mayis University , Samsun , - - 2014
In this study, the presence of natamycin and quality parameters of yoghurt samples manufactured by small- and large-scale dairy firms in Turkey were investigated. Physicochemical and microbiological results revealed that, except Lactobacillus bulgaricus and Streptococcus thermophilus counts, the majority of the yoghurts manufactured by small-scale dairy firms were found to ...
Asikin Yonathan Y United Graduate School of Agricultural Science, Kagoshima University, 1-21-24 Korimoto, Kagoshima, 890-0065, - - 2014
Shiikuwasha (Citrus depressa Hayata) juice from four main cultivation lines subjected to two peeling practices (with or without peeling) were discriminated in terms of quality attributes, represented by sugar and organic acid composition, taste characteristic, aroma profile, and antioxidant activity. Shiikuwasha juice from these lines had diverse food compositions; 'Izumi ...
Gil-Humanes Javier J Instituto de Agricultura Sostenible, CSIC, Córdoba, - - 2014
Celiac disease is a food-sensitive enteropathy triggered by the ingestion of wheat gluten proteins and related proteins from barley, rye, and some varieties of oat. There are no interventional therapies and the only solution is a lifelong gluten-free diet. The down-regulation of gliadins by RNAi provides wheat lines with all ...
Lu Hsiao-Pei HP 1] Department of Life Science, National Taiwan University, Taipei, Taiwan, ROC 10617 - - 2014
We analyzed bacterial communities of six distinct gut sites (the food bolus and mucus layer of the proximal small intestine, cecum and distal large intestine), using wild folivorous flying squirrels. We found significant spatial heterogeneity in composition, diversity, and species abundance distributions (SADs) of gut microbiota, corresponding to physicochemical conditions. ...
Gupta Ajay A Division of Nephrology and Hypertension, University of California Irvine Medical Center, Orange, CA 92868-3217, USA. - - 2014
Ferric citrate hydrate was recently approved in Japan as an oral phosphate binder to be taken with food for the control of hyperphosphatemia in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD). The daily therapeutic dose is about 3 to 6 g, which comprises about 2 to 4 g of citrate. Oral ...
Müller Katrin - - 2013
Considering the lack of uniformity regarding school meals in Europe, information on adolescents' school lunch patterns is of public health importance. Thus, the aim of this analysis was to describe and evaluate lunchtime energy and food intake of European adolescents at different lunch locations. Data on nutritional and health-related parameters ...
Nesil Tanseli T Department of Psychiatry and Neurobehavioral Sciences, University of Virginia, 1670 Discovery Drive, Charlottesville, VA 22911, - - 2013
Previous animal studies have revealed significant involvement of genetics in nicotine intake; however, the extent of the genetic contribution to this behavior has not been well addressed. We report the first study of nine generations of selection for high and low voluntary nicotine intake in outbred Sprague-Dawley rats. Bidirectional mass ...
Nagano Kuniaki - - 2013
Cooked rice of 'Sasanishiki' is soft and not as sticky as those of Japanese leading cultivars 'Koshihikari' and 'Hitomebore'. As a method for efficient selection of a breeding line having a good eating quality like that of 'Sasanishiki', the use of physical properties of cooked rice and cooking quality was ...
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >