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Results 401 - 450 of 760
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Chung J Y - - 2006
The occurrence of dental caries is mainly associated with oral pathogens, especially cariogenic Streptococcus mutans. Preliminary antibacterial screening revealed that the extract of Myristica fragrans, widely cultivated for the spice and flavor of foods, possessed strong inhibitory activity against S. mutans. The anticariogenic compound was successfully isolated from the methanol ...
Patton Thomas - - 2006
The antimicrobial activity of manuka honey has been well documented (Molan, 1992a,b,c, 1997) [Molan, P.C., 1992. The antibacterial activity of honey. 1: the nature of the antibacterial activity. Bee World 73 (1) 5-28; Molan, P.C., 1992. The antibacterial activity of honey. 2: variation in the potency of the antibacterial activity. ...
Silva T M S - - 2005
Plants in the genus Solanum (Solanaceae) produce a great variety of steroidal saponins and glycoalkaloids that confer natural resistance against several pests. Methanolic extracts of 13 Solanum species have now been tested for molluscicidal activity against Biomphalaria glabrata. The extracts investigated were prepared from the fruit of S. asperum, S. ...
Herrero Miguel - - 2005
In this work, an exhaustive survey of capillary electromigration methods used to analyze natural antioxidants is presented together with some discussion of the use of these substances use as functional foods. This review provides an updated and exhaustive overview of the separation and identification by capillary electrophoresis of natural compounds ...
Kaya G I - - 2005
Aerial and underground parts of Galanthus nivalis subsp. cilicicus, a wild-growing species in Turkey, were collected during two different vegetation periods in flowering and fruiting seasons. Herba and bulbus Galanthi were prepared from each specimen. With the aim of collecting data for prospective monographs on this drug, contents of humidity, ...
García Enrique - - 2005
OBJECTIVES: In the past, one of the major problems in gluten analysis has been the unavailability of an efficient, universal, extraction procedure of gliadins - the alcohol-soluble proteins of gluten - from both heat processed and unprocessed products. This study was designed to develop a universal, extraction procedure capable of ...
Stern Martin - - 2005
Coeliac disease is triggered by the cereal protein gluten. Elimination of gluten is the effective therapy. To increase food safety for coeliac patients, gluten has been included in food regulations introducing obligatory labelling. These regulations depend upon effective analytical control. A combined system using cocktail extraction and the R5 enzyme-linked ...
Thompson C I - - 2006
In corn wet milling, dry matter can be separated from liquids in process streams with centrifuges or vacuum belt filtration (VBF). Because separations usually are not complete, dry matter can be lost in the liquid streams (overflow from the gluten thickener centrifuge and filtrate from VBF). This represents a loss ...
Liu Chu-Ting - - 2005
Xiao-chai-hu-tang (XCHT) is an important Chinese herbal prescription for curing many types of liver diseases. The contents of bioactive constituents (saikosaponins a, c and d, baicalin, baicalein, and glycyrrhizic acid), and antioxidant properties of XCHT extracts prepared with ultrasound-assisted (US) extraction in combination with ethanol (up to 95%) as extraction ...
Dicko Mamoudou H - - 2005
The screening of 50 sorghum varieties showed that, on average, germination did not affect the content in total phenolic compounds but decreased the content of proanthocyanidins, 3-deoxyanthocyanidins, and flavan-4-ols. Independent of germination, there are intervarietal differences in antioxidant activities among sorghum varieties. Phenolic compounds and antioxidant activities were more positively ...
Gries Regine - - 2005
Our objective was to identify the sex pheromone of Lymantria bantaizana (Lepidoptera: Lymantriidae) whose larvae feed exclusively on walnut, Juglans spp., in China, and Japan. Coupled gas chromatographic-electroantennographic detection (GC-EAD) analyses of pheromone gland extracts revealed a single EAD-active component. Retention index calculations of this compound on four GC columns ...
Nording Malin - - 2005
The concentrations of dioxins in fish oil and fish meal were determined with accelerated solvent extraction, using a novel integrated carbon fractionation extraction cell followed by a miniturized multilayer silica column and bioanalysis on a recently-developed chemically-activated fluorescent gene expression cell bioassay. The developed method allows for simultaneous gravimetric lipid ...
Fitzgerald Daniel J - - 2005
The aim of the present study was to evaluate which structural elements of the vanillin molecule are responsible for its observed antifungal activity. MICs of vanillin, its six direct structural analogues, and several other related compounds were determined in yeast extract peptone dextrose broth against a total of 18 different ...
Kanatt Sweetie R - - 2005
The effective utilization of potato peel, a waste generated in large quantities by the food industry, as an antioxidant was investigated. Potato peel extract (PPE) exhibited high phenolic content (70.82 mg of catechin equivalent/100 g), chlorogenic acid (27.56 mg/100 g of sample) being the major component. The yield of total ...
Zicker Steven C - - 2005
A multi-disciplinary program was developed to assess the efficacy of antioxidant inclusion in a canine pet food on cognitive decline in aged beagles. A systematic approach to development of the food was used prior to beginning the cognitive studies. Comprehensive evaluation of antioxidant ingredients included assessments of commodities with naturally ...
Nilsson Jessica - - 2005
A comparison was made on the use of two spectrophotometric methods, the ferric reducing antioxidant power (FRAP) method and the 2,2'-azinobis-3-ethylbenzotiazoline-6-sulfonic acid (ABTS) method, for the measurement of the total antioxidant capacity (TAC) of plant foods. The correlations of TAC measured by the two methods were highly significant in both ...
Bhaskar S Uday - - 2005
Phycocyanin is a major light harvesting accessory pigment of red algae and cyanobacteria. In the light of its many commercial applications in food and pharmaceutical industry, purity of the pigment plays a major role. Pharmaceutical industry demands a highly pure phycocyanin with A620/280 ratio of 4 and food industry a ...
Kim Kyoung Heon - - 2005
Rutin, one of the flavonoids derived from plants, is increasingly in demand in the food, pharmaceutical, and cosmetic industries due to its various biological and physiological activities including antioxidation, anti-inflammation, and anti-hypertension. The whole plant of buckwheat (Fagopyrum esculentum Moench) is a major source of natural rutin. This study developed ...
Capparelli Rosanna - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Celiac disease is a widely prevalent enteropathy caused by intolerance to gliadin, one of the gluten proteins. We developed two methods for the analysis of gliadin levels. Both methods use flow cytometry and rat antibodies against a 16-residue peptide of gliadin. The peptide is common to the alpha-, beta-, ...
Jain Vinod K - - 2005
A solvent extraction separation of uranium, in the presence of thorium, cerium and lanthanides with a new calix[4]resorcinarene bearing eight hydroxamic acid groups (C4RAHA) is described. Quantitative extraction of uranium is possible in ethyl acetate solution of C4RAHA at pH 8.0. The lambda(max) and molar absorptivity (varepsilon) for uranium is ...
Ohashi Akira - - 2005
The cloud point extraction behavior of iron(III) and vanadium(V) using 8-quinolinol derivatives (HA) such as 8-quinolinol (HQ), 2-methyl-8-quinolinol (HMQ), 5-butyloxymethyl-8-quinolinol (HO(4)Q), 5-hexyloxymethyl-8-quinolinol (HO(6)Q), and 2-methyl-5-octyloxymethyl-8-quinolinol (HMO(8)Q) and Triton X-100 solution was investigated. Iron(III) was extracted with HA and 4% (v/v) Triton X-100 in the pH range of 1.70-5.44. Above pH ...
El-Saeid Mohamed H - - 2005
It is an accepted fact that many food products that we eat today have the possibility of being contaminated by various chemicals used from planting to processing. These chemicals have been shown to cause illnesses for which some concerned government agencies have instituted regulatory mechanisms to minimize the risks and ...
Saevels J - - 2005
Medicines and food supplements based on the dry extract of the leaves of Ginkgo biloba L. were evaluated by determination of the content of total flavonoids, rutin and terpene lactones by means of liquid chromatography. All examined medicines complied with the fixed requirements whereas all food supplements deviated from 1 ...
Nagai Takeshi - - 2005
Enzymatic hydrolysates were prepared from bee bread using three proteases. The antioxidant properties of these hydrolysates were measured using four different methods. These had remarkable antioxidant activity similar or superior to that of 1 mM alpha-tocopherol. They also had high scavenging activities against active oxygen species as the superoxide anion ...
Shimizu Tokuo - - 2005
Cadmium species in river water were kinetically extracted with dithizone by varying the extraction time. The obtained extraction curve showed a three-stage stepwise profile that reflected the rate of the ligand substitution reaction between the dithizone and cadmium species. Corresponding to each stage, we divided these extracted cadmium species into ...
- - 2005
These ingredients are derived from various species of the acacia plant. Only material derived from Acacia senegal are in current use according to industry data. The concentration at which these ingredients are reported to be used ranges from 9% in mascara to 0.0001% in tonics, dressings, and other hair-grooming aids. ...
Ishida Betty K - - 2004
Samples of catsup from 13 commercial sources, representing at least 10 U.S. manufacturers, were analyzed for carotenoid content, antioxidant activity, and percentage solids. The solids content of these catsup brand samples varied from 26.31 to 38.06% solids. The lycopene content ranged from 59.42 to 183.36 microg, and total carotenoids were ...
Omar Nabil Ben - - 2005
The abundance of Enterococcus faecalis and Enterococcus faecium in different Spanish foods was evaluated by using taxon-specific oligonucleotide probes targeted against extracted rRNA. Two satisfactory methods were developed for RNA extraction. Although the yield and purity of total RNA obtained largely depended on the type of food, method 1 should ...
Vegas Rodolfo - - 2004
Rice husks are of a lignocellulosic nature, with a hemicellulose fraction made up of substituted arabinoxylan. Rice husks were treated with hot, compressed water (autohydrolysis reaction) under optimized conditions to cause the hydrolytic degradation of arabinoxylan. The reaction products contained volatile components and nonvolatile components (NVC), which were made up ...
Borkovcová I - - 2004
The multiresidue method using multisolvent extraction, SPE cleanup of the extract, HPLC with the use of OPA post-column reaction and fluorescence detection for the determination of N-methylcarbamate pesticides in food products was used. A matrix solid phase dispersion method of the isolation and extraction of carbamates was alternatively applied. In ...
Pavela Roman - - 2004
The methanol extracts of eight species of medicinal plants were tested for insecticidal activity in third instar larvae of Egyptian cottonworm (Spodoptera littoralis). All extracts showed a certain degree of larval toxicity. The extracts of Ocimum basilicum, Origanum majorana and Salvia officinalis appeared to be highly toxic. The extracts significantly ...
Ross Alastair B - - 2004
Alkylresorcinols (AR) are phenolic lipids present in high amounts in the bran fraction of wheat and rye. AR are of scientific interest as bioactive compounds, as markers for the presence of wholegrain or bran fractions of wheat and rye in food products, and as possible biomarkers of intake for wholegrain ...
Naczk Marian - - 2004
Phenolics are ubiquitous compounds found in all plants as their secondary metabolites. These include simple phenols, hydroxybenzoic acid and cinnamic acid derivatives, flavonoids, coumarines and tannins, among others. The extraction of phenolics from source materials is the first step involved in their analysis. While chemical methods are used for determination ...
Krebs Erin E - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: To assess the efficacy and tolerability of phytoestrogens for treatment of menopausal symptoms. DATA SOURCES: We searched the Cochrane Library and MEDLINE from 1966 to March 2004, using a detailed list of terms related to phytoestrogens and menopausal symptoms and also hand-searched abstracts from relevant meetings. METHODS OF STUDY ...
Pedras M Soledade C - - 2004
The phytoalexins, brassinin, 1-methoxybrassinin and cyclobrassinin, were metabolized by the stem rot fungus Sclerotinia sclerotiorum into their corresponding glucosyl derivatives displaying no detectable antifungal activity. Importantly, co-incubation of S. sclerotiorum with camalexins, various phytoalexin analogs, and brassinin indicated that a synthetic camalexin derivative could slow down substantially the rate of ...
Lee J-C - - 2004
Rhus verniciflua Stokes (RVS), used as a food additive and a traditional herbal medicine, has both antioxidant and antitumor activities which are known to be closely associated with the polyphenolic compounds that it contains. In the present study, we purified a fraction from a crude acetone extract of RVS, named ...
Kelawala N S - - 2004
The growing interest in the substitution of synthetic food antioxidants by natural antioxidants and in the health implications of antioxidants as nutraceuticals has fostered research on vegetable sources and the screening of raw materials for identifying antioxidants. Plant and plant products have been used as a source of medicine for ...
Egashira Kanoko - - 2004
We recently reported a case of increase in the blood level of tacrolimus following intake of pomelo in a renal transplant recipient. To clarify the mechanism of this increase in the blood level of tacrolimus, we investigated the effect of pomelo juice extract on the activities of CYP3A4 and P-glycoprotein, ...
Elss S - - 2004
After simultaneous distillation-extraction (SDE) of commercial baby foods (n = 20) and fruit juices (n = 15) (among them 15 and eight products labelled 'organic', respectively) from 11 different suppliers, analyses performed by coupled capillary gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS) revealed the presence of 2-ethylhexanoic acid (2-EHA), a known teratogenic compound. ...
Lampi Anna-Maija - - 2004
Because of the positive health effects of phytosterols, phytosterol-enriched foods and foods containing elevated levels of natural phytosterols are being developed. Phytosterol contents in cereals are moderate, whereas their levels in the outer layers of the kernels are higher. The phytosterols in cereals are currently underutilized; thus, there is a ...
Gómez Maria Ester - - 2004
In this paper, we describe the study and characterization of the lipids from lees of Sherry wine, one of the main byproducts from the wine-making industry in the Jerez/Xeres/Sherry denomination of the origin zone in Jerez de la Frontera, Spain. The lipid content, extractability, classification, fatty acid composition, and its ...
Gentili Alessandra - - 2004
This paper describes a new method for the rapid extraction and unequivocal confirmation of 13 sulfonamides (SAs) in raw meat and infant foods. The highly automated extraction procedure is based on accelerated solvent extraction followed by liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS) as a confirmatory analysis. After 1 g of food ...
Shouqin Zhang - - 2004
This note describes a novel application of the food processing technology, known as high pressure processing (HPP), to the extraction of essential components of herbs. Herbal extracts may be used as drugs, as well as ingredients in food and cosmetics. We have run some pilot studies in our laboratories to ...
Epple Gisela - - 2004
Total extract from the fruit of Szechuan pepper (Zanthoxylum piperitum DC), the volatile components of the extract and a non-volatile fraction containing alkylamides (NVA fraction) are feeding deterrents for rats. The present study investigated the effectiveness of these natural repellents in prairie voles (Microtus ochrogaster Wagner). Two-choice feeding trials were ...
Ko Yuan-Tih - - 2004
The objective of this study was to establish analytical approaches to quantify 1,3-beta-glucan (1,3-beta-G) in foods. Six food categories including legumes, cereals, tubers, vegetables, fruits, and mushrooms and 17 total items were tested. An extraction procedure was designed to prepare food cold-water soluble, hot-water soluble, cold-alkaline soluble, and hot-alkaline soluble ...
Nagai Takeshi - - 2004
Three extracts, namely hot-water fraction (HWF), water-soluble fraction (WSF), and ethanol-soluble fraction (ESF), were prepared from fresh bee bread imported from Lithuania. The protein and total phenolic contents of these samples were very high. Among them, WSF at 100% concentration showed the highest antioxidative ability and scavenging ability. On the ...
Qian He - - 2004
Dried ground leaves of Psidium guajava L. (guava) were extracted by water and aqueous ethyl alcohol 50% (1:10) ratio, and the total phenolic content in the extracts was determined spectrophotometrically according to Folin- Ciocalteu's phenol method and calculated as gallic acid equivalent (GAE). Remarkably high total phenolic content 575.3 +/-15.5 ...
Gostan Thierry - - 2004
Self-diffusion measurement of solutes in polymer gels has been investigated using pulsed gradient spin echo NMR spectroscopy. However, few data are available on the self-diffusion of small solutes in natural polysaccharide polymers used as thickeners in the food industry. Since aroma diffusion in food matrices could have an impact on ...
Guterrez Z R - - 2004
Agaricus blazei Murill, popularly known as "Sun Mushroom" or "Himematsutake", is native to Brazil. Nowadays, this mushroom has been target of great scientific interest due to its medical power and because it has shown antitumoral and immune modulatory properties. This work evaluated the mutagenic and antimutagenic potential from aqueous extracts ...
Huang Tiehua - - 2004
Cyclic voltammetry (CV) is a unique technique for the electrochemical characterization of compounds by providing their oxidation/reduction potentials. This technique is widely used in evaluating antioxidants in the oil, food, diagnostic and agricultural industries; however, CV is rarely used in the development of pharmaceutical formulations. This review briefly describes the ...
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