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Results 251 - 300 of 760
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Iwao Kazunari - - 2008
In this study, as an approach to possible pharmacokinetic interactions between antidiabetic agents and health foods, we investigated the binding of metformin and glibenclamide to aojiru, kurosu, and blueberry extract using a dialysis method. The permeation of metformin from the inner to the outer side of the dialysis tube during ...
Rasmussen Carolyn N - - 2008
Honeys from various floral sources were analyzed to select for utilization as a sweetener and potential source of antioxidants in the formulation of a salad dressing. On the basis of various indicators of potential antioxidant effectiveness, such as the ORAC (oxygen radical absorbance capacity) assay and identification of phenolic profile ...
Moreira Leandro - - 2008
Pollen analysis, total phenols content and antioxidant activity were studied for the first time in Portuguese propolis samples from Bornes and Fundão regions. Total phenols content was determined by colorimetric assay and their amount was of 329 mg/g of GAE in Bornes sample and 151 mg/g of GAE in Fundão ...
Nguyen Phuong M - - 2008
Many herbs and spices have been shown to contain high levels of polyphenolic compounds with potent antioxidant properties. In the present study, we explore how nutrient availability, specifically nitrogen fertilization, affects the production of polyphenolic compounds in three cultivars (Dark Opal, Genovese, and Sweet Thai) of the culinary herb, basil ...
Dor Ariane - - 2008
Chemically mediated communication is common in spiders but has been poorly studied in burrowing tarantulas. This study aimed to determine whether chemical cues influence the behaviour of females of Brachypelma vagans, a Mexican species of tarantula, during encounters with previously inhabited burrows or with extracts from the silk of conspecific ...
Miller Kenneth B - - 2008
Cocoa is a food ingredient that is important for the contribution of flavor to foods but is also associated with potential health benefits. The chemistry thought to be responsible for its cardiovascular health benefits is the flavanol (flavan-3-ol) antioxidants. Evidence from the literature indicates that natural cocoas are high in ...
Tilay Ashwini - - 2008
Ferulic acid (FA) is a phenolic antioxidant present in plants, which is widely used in the food and cosmetic industry. In the present study, various agricultural wastes such as maize bran, rice bran, wheat bran, wheat straw, sugar cane baggasse, pineapple peels, orange peels, and pomegranate peels were screened for ...
Fiorentino Antonio - - 2008
In the present study, the chemical composition and antioxidant properties of root methanol extract of Carex distachya Desf. (Cyperaceae) were assessed to use this plant as sources of food additives and nutraceuticals. The IC50 of the extract (4.2 microg/mL), derived from the DPPH radical scavenging capacity assay, was similar to ...
Fernandez-Panchon M S - - 2008
Over last decade an increasing interest for antioxidants in foods has arisen. The healthy properties of antioxidants related to the prevention of degenerative diseases are the main cause of this boom. An antioxidant prevents the oxidation process, the initial step of development of degenerative diseases, cancer and many others. Literature ...
Farrar Johnetta L - - 2008
Despite the high levels of polyphenolic phytochemicals in grain sorghum and its position as a major food staple, there has been a lack of research on its effects on both animal and human health and disease prevention. These phenolic compounds, mainly located in the bran fraction, result in the plant ...
Barillari Jessica - - 2008
Brassica vegetables are attracting major attention as healthy foods because of their content of glucosinolates (GLs) that release the corresponding isothiocyanates (ITCs) upon myrosinase hydrolysis. A number of studies have so far documented the chemopreventive properties of some ITCs. On the other hand, single nutrients detached from the food itself ...
Li Lei - - 2009
This study aimed to develop a fluorometric method to determine total antioxidant activity of plant foods. The antioxidant activities in plant foods were determined after extracting (1) hydrophilic components with acidified methanol (methanol:glacial acetate acid:water=50:3.7:46.3), (2) lipophilic components with methanol followed by tetrahydrofuran (THF), or (3) both hydrophilic and lipophilic ...
Ballesteros-Gómez Ana - - 2009
Amphiphile-based supramolecular solvents (ASSs), which are water immiscible liquids consisting of supramolecular aggregates in the nano- and micro-scale regimes dispersed in a continuous phase, were assessed for the extraction of trace contaminants in liquid foods. The ASS selected was made up of reversed micelles of decanoic dispersed in tetrahydrofuran (THF)-water ...
Bhattarai Hari Datta - - 2008
Antioxidant agents against reactive oxygen species can be used for several cosmetic and medicinal applications. Methanol-water (90:10 v/v) extracts of five polar lichen species--namely Stereocaulon alpinum Laurer (Stereocaulaceae); Ramalina terebrata Hook and Taylor (Ramalinaceae); Caloplaca sp. (Teloschistaceae); Lecanora sp. (Lecanoraceae); and Caloplaca regalis (Vain.)Zahlbr (Teloschistaceae) from King George Island (Antarctica)--were ...
Bralley Eve - - 2008
Hyaluronidase hydrolyzes glycosaminoglycans, including hyaluronan, in the extracellular matrix during tissue remodeling. Hyaluronidase activity increases in chronic inflammatory conditions, e.g., inflammatory joint disease. In this study, we tested the ability of ethanolic extracts (1:9 [wt/vol] of 50% ethanol) of bran from six cultivated varieties of Sorghum bicolor to inhibit hyaluronidase ...
McGlinchey Tara A - - 2008
The development of antibiotic resistance in bacteria has been attributed to the overuse of antimicrobials in human medicine. Another route by which humans are exposed to antibiotics is through the animal foods we eat. In modern agricultural practice, veterinary drugs are being used on a large scale, administered for treating ...
Li Na - - 2008
Flavonoids are common dietary components with many health benefits shown through epidemiological studies. However, the fact that flavonoids also act as pro-oxidants and mutagens makes the safety of flavonoids uncertain when used at higher doses. To give a preliminary evaluation on the correlation between beneficial and harmful effects of flavonoids, ...
Rózek A - - 2008
The aim of our work was to supplement a solid foodstuff with grape phenolics by osmotic treatment with an aqueous solution made of osmo-active agents (NaCl and sucrose) and a commercial grape seed extract. To investigate how the composition of the osmotic solution affected phenolic infusion, experimental conditions were set ...
Thirugnanasampandan R - - 2008
The ent kaurene diterpenoid, melissoidesin was isolated from the acetone extract of the leaves of Isodon wightii and the structure was designated as 3beta, 11beta, 15beta-trihydroxy-6alpha-acetoxy-ent-kaur-16-ene based on spectral data and previous reports. Melissoidesin isolated from the acetone extract of leaves showed potent antiacetylcholinesterase activity and the IC(50) value was ...
Rossetto Monica - - 2008
A simple oxygraphic method, for which the theoretical and experimental bases have been recently revised, has been successfully applied to evaluate the peroxyl radical chain-breaking characteristics of some typical food antioxidants in micelle systems, among which is a system that reproduces conditions present in the upper part of the digestive ...
Rusu M C - - 2008
A completely horizontally impacted upper third molar was revealed after routine dissection of a 62-year-old human cadaver of a Caucasian male. The molar was penetrating into the maxillary sinus and there was antral dehiscence of its bony alveolus. The bony alveolus was immediately in front of the greater palatine canal ...
Sülsen Valeria P - - 2008
Bioassay-guided fractionation of the organic extract of Ambrosia tenuifolia Sprengel (Asteraceae) led to the isolation of two bioactive sesquiterpene lactones with significant trypanocidal and leishmanicidal activities. By spectroscopic methods ((1)H- and (13)C-nuclear magnetic resonance, distortionless enhancement by polarization transfer, correlated spectroscopy, heteronuclear multiple-quantum coherence, electron impact-mass spectrometry, and infrared spectroscopy), ...
Lee Chun-Lin - - 2008
Amyloid beta-peptide (Abeta), a risk of Alzheimer's disease (AD), causes cell death by inflammation and oxidative stress. Red mold rice (RMR) fermented by Monascus species is regarded as cholesterol-lowering functional food in virtue of the metabolite monacolin K identified as lovastatin. In addition, RMR is also demonstrated to express antioxidation ...
Abdel-Mawgoud Ahmad Mohammad - - 2008
Physical and chromatographic characterization of the surfactin biosurfactant produced by Bacillus subtilis isolate BS5 has been conducted to study its potentiality for industrial application. The crude extract of test surfactin appeared as off-white to buff flake-like amorphous residue with bad odor similar to sour pomegranate. Test surfactin showed solubility in ...
Bradley E L - - 2008
Nineteen food contact papers and boards and one non-food contact board were extracted following test protocols developed within European Union funded project BIOSAFEPAPER. The extraction media were either hot or cold water, 95% ethanol or Tenax, according to the end use of the sample. The extractable dry matter content of ...
Omata Yo - - 2008
The radical-scavenging antioxidants play an important role against oxidative stress in the defense system in vivo. The beneficial effects of antioxidants contained in foods and beverages have been well-accepted, and their antioxidant capacity has been assessed by various methods. In the present study, a simple method is proposed in which ...
Zhao Wen-Hua - - 2008
Recently, animal fatty acid synthase (FASN) is reported as a potential therapeutic target for obesity and cancer. Considerable interest has been developed in searching for novel inhibitors of this enzyme. An extract from Pangdahai has been found to inhibit FASN in both reversible and irreversible manners, with an IC(50) of ...
Garber Eric A E - - 2008
Recent cases of adulteration with melamine have led to the need for rapid and reliable screening methods. To meet this need, commercial enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) test kits for the detection of triazines were evaluated. The recently released Melamine Plate kit (Abraxis, Warminster, Pa.) displayed a limit of detection of ...
Akobeng A K - - 2008
BACKGROUND: The threshold amount of gluten in 'gluten-free' products that can be tolerated by people with coeliac disease is unclear. AIM: To investigate the threshold amount of gluten and the threshold concentration of gluten in food products that can be tolerated by people with coeliac disease. DESIGN: Systematic review of ...
Anton Alex A - - 2008
Bread is a traditional food generally prepared from wheat flour. The main wheat component responsible for bread quality is gluten, which is an essential structure-binding protein. Although important, this protein can cause health problems in predisposed individuals, and is avoided in the diet of celiac disease patients. As diagnosis methods ...
Huemmer Wolfgang - - 2008
The polyphenol profile of apples and that of technologically differently treated apple juices has already been studied thoroughly; nevertheless, the content of polymeric procyanidins has not received much attention up to date. Therefore, procyanidins in extracts made from six blended apple juices and two authentic clear as well as cloudy ...
Büyükbalci Aynur - - 2008
In this research, some herbal teas and infusions traditionally used in the treatment of diabetes in Turkey, have been studied for their antidiabetic effects on in vitro glucose diffusion and phenolic contents and antioxidant activities. Ten aqueous herbal tea extracts were examined using an in vitro method to determine their ...
Kaszkin-Bettag M - - 2008
The special extract ERr 731 from the roots of rhapontic rhubarb has been regularly prescribed for women with menopausal symptoms since 1993. As its constituents belong to the class of natural hydroxystilbenes, concerns have been raised about possible health risks similar to those known for the estrogenic diethylstilbestrol. To demonstrate ...
Johansen,Siril Garmannvik
The content of phytochemicals has been proposed to contribute to the beneficial effects of a diet rich in fruits and vegetables. One proposed mechanism of action of phytochemicals is down regulation of NF-kappa B activity. This transcription factor is important in inflammatory and immune responses, however aberrant activity of NF-kappa ...
Bhushan Shashi - - 2008
The growth of horticulture industries worldwide has generated huge quantities of fruit wastes (25%-40% of the total fruits processed). These residues are generally a good source of carbohydrates, especially cell wall polysaccharides and other functionally important bioactive molecules such as proteins, vitamins, minerals and natural antioxidants. "Apple pomace" is a ...
da Gama Bernardo A P - - 2008
Epibiosis or fouling on living organisms can have direct and indirect detrimental effects, in particular on photosynthetic organisms such as seaweeds. It thus seems reasonable to hypothesize that macroalgae have been selected for the presence or induction of antifouling (AF) defences. The red seaweed Cryptonemia seminervis is usually found in ...
Lester Diane R - - 2008
The gluten analysis of foods has long had limitations, which have precluded food standards authorities from issuing standards for gluten-free foods based on final gluten content. The Codex Alimentarius and the Food and Drug Administration have taken steps towards such standards in which they favour the R5-enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay for ...
Devi Kasi Pandima - - 2008
For many years chemical preservatives have been used in food, to act as either antimicrobials or antioxidants or both. In general, consumers regard additive-free foods as safer since preservatives can cause health hazards like asthma and cancer and are suspected to be mutagenic and neurotoxic. The present study was carried ...
Lee Chun-Lin - - 2007
Monascus species-fermented red mold rice (RMR) has been regarded as a popular hypolipidemic functional food because it contains monacolin K, an inhibitor of de novo cholesterol synthesis. However, the safety of RMR is always an issue because citrinin is present in RMR and is reported to be hepatotoxic and nephrotoxic. ...
Cuny M - - 2008
To discriminate orange juice from grapefruit juice in a context of fraud prevention, (1)H NMR data were submitted to different treatments to extract informative variables which were then analysed using multivariate techniques. Averaging contiguous data points of the spectrum followed by logarithmic transformation improved the results of the data analysis. ...
Rodríguez Héctor - - 2008
In foods, tannins are considered nutritionally undesirable. Spectrophotometric methods have been used to detect tannin degradation by L. plantarum strains isolated from food substrates. Enzymatic degradation of tannic acid by L. plantarum CECT 748T was examined in liquid cultures and in cell-free extracts by HPLC. Significative reduction of tannic acid ...
Stevenson Steven - - 2007
The yield of Sc3N@C80 metallofullerene and fullerene extract is dramatically increased via filling cored graphite rods with copper and Sc2O3 only; when compared to 100% Sc2O3 packed rods, improvements of factors of approximately 3 and approximately 5 have been achieved for Sc3N@C80 and fullerene extract produced, respectively, with the weight ...
Xu Xueming - - 2007
Food protein-derived peptides with antioxidant activity have great potential for use as natural antioxidants in food products. However, neither the structure-activity relationship nor the antioxidant mechanism of peptides is fully understood. Egg yolk phosvitin has been acknowledged to have strongly antioxidant protein owing to its highly phosphorylated form. In this ...
Jastrzebski Zenon - - 2007
Prolipid a known mixture of herbs is used as a plasma lipid lowering medicine. No side effects were registered. However, the bioactive substances of Prolipid were not investigated. Therefore in this investigation Prolipids bioactive compounds and antioxidant activity were studied. The contents of polyphenols and flavonoids were 19.87 +/- 2.09 ...
Lee A R - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Coeliac disease is a common, autoimmune disorder, for which the only treatment is lifelong adherence to a gluten-free diet. This study evaluates the economic burden of adhering to a gluten-free diet. METHODS: A market basket of products identified by name brand, weight or package size for both regular wheat-based ...
Wolfe Kelly L - - 2007
A cellular antioxidant activity (CAA) assay for quantifying the antioxidant activity of phytochemicals, food extracts, and dietary supplements has been developed. Dichlorofluorescin is a probe that is trapped within cells and is easily oxidized to fluorescent dichlorofluorescein (DCF). The method measures the ability of compounds to prevent the formation of ...
Hoshi Hirotaka - - 2007
We previously isolated a novel immunomodulatory alpha-(1,4)(1,6)(1,2)- d-glucan-protein complex (MPG-1) from mycelia of Tricholoma matsutake in basidiomycetes. In the present study, we raised a polyclonal antibody by immunizing rabbits with MPG-1 and constructed a sandwich enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) system to examine the distribution of MPG-1 among edible mushrooms and ...
Monagas Maria - - 2007
An exhaustive study of the phenolic composition of almond ( Prunus dulcis (Mill.) D.A. Webb) skins was carried out in order to evaluate their potential application as a functional food ingredient. Using the HPLC-DAD/ESI-MS technique, a total of 33 compounds corresponding to flavanols, flavonols, dihydroflavonols and flavanones, and other nonflavonoid ...
Kimura Ken-ichi - - 2007
In the course of screening for 17alpha-hydroxylase/C17,20-lyase inhibitors from food ingredients, the methanol soluble fraction of green tea and black tea, which were expected to be rich in catechin and theaflavin content, showed potent inhibitory activity. (-)-Epigallocathechin gallate and theaflavin 3-O-gallate with a pirogallol moiety significantly inhibited C17,20-lyase activity on ...
Green Rodney J - - 2007
Epidemiological evidence suggests a role for tea catechins in reduction of chronic disease risk. However, stability of catechins under digestive conditions is poorly understood. The objective of this study was to characterize the effect of common food additives on digestive recovery of tea catechins. Green tea water extracts were formulated ...
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