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Sand Philipp G - - 2010
The cytochrome P450 enzyme CYP2C19 is involved in the metabolism of many commonly prescribed drugs, including proton pump inhibitors, antiepileptics and antidepressants. CYP2C19 inhibitors from food and food supplements may augment the toxicity of these agents and lead to noncompliance with treatment. The present investigation addresses CYP2C19 inhibition by 18 ...
Bradley E L - - 2010
This paper describes the use of a suite of extraction procedures applicable to the assessment of the in vitro toxicity of paper/board samples intended for food-contact applications. The sample is extracted with ethanol, water, or exposed to modified polyphenylene oxide (Tenax) for fatty, non-fatty and dry food applications, respectively. The ...
Sealey-Voyksner Jennifer A - - 2010
A novel, specific and sensitive non-immunological liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry (LC-MS) based assay has been developed to detect and quantify trace levels of wheat gluten in food and consumer products. Detection and quantification of dietary gluten is important, because gluten is a principle trigger of a variety of immune diseases including ...
Mohdaly Adel A A - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Growing interest in the replacement of synthetic food antioxidants by natural ones has fostered research on vegetable sources and screening of raw materials to identify new antioxidants. The food-processing industry generates substantial quantities of phenolic-rich by-products that could be valuable natural sources of antioxidants. In this study the antioxidant ...
Roowi Suri - - 2010
Following the ingestion of green tea, substantial quantities of flavan-3-ols pass from the small to the large intestine (Stalmach et al. Mol. Nutr. Food Res. 2009, 53, S44-S53; Mol. Nutr. Food Res. 2009, doi: 10.1002/mnfr.200900194). To investigate the fate of the flavan-3-ols entering the large intestine, where they are subjected ...
Soler-Rivas Cristina - - 2010
An antioxidant-enriched extract (RE) was obtained from rosemary (Rosmarinus officinalis) by supercritical fluid extraction to be used as an ingredient to design functional foods. The optimized mixture (42 mg RE g(-1) sunflower oil) was submitted to in vitro digestion and absorption tests (using Caco2 cells) to investigate the effect of ...
Tung Nguyen Huu - - 2010
Korean ginseng (Panax ginseng C.A. Meyer) has been extensively used as a functional food for thousands of years. This study with the aim to evaluate the potential of P. ginseng flower components as a functional food with medicinal properties resulted in the identification of three new dammarane-type saponins, named floralginsenosides ...
Tsai Pi-Jen - - 2010
The betacyanin pattern of Djulis (Chenopodium fromosanum), a native cereal plant in Taiwan, was reported for the first time. The determination of characteristics of the pigment, including pH and thermal stability and their relation to antioxidant activities, indicated that betacyanin of Djulis exhibited the maximum absorbance at 530 nm and ...
Mendiola Jose A - - 2010
In the present work, an environmentally friendly extraction process using subcritical conditions has been tested to obtain potential natural food ingredients from natural sources such as plants, fruits, spirulina, propolis, and tuber, with the scope of substituting synthetic antioxidants, which are subject to regulation restrictions and might be harmful for ...
Ramful Deena - - 2010
The flavedo extracts of twenty-one varieties of citrus fruits (oranges, satsumah, clementine, mandarins, tangor, bergamot, lemon, tangelos, kumquat, calamondin and pamplemousses) grown in Mauritius were examined for their total phenolic, flavonoid and vitamin C contents and antioxidant activities. Total phenolics correlated strongly with the trolox equivalent antioxidant capacity (TEAC), ferric ...
Chiu Po-En - - 2010
The antimicrobial activities of edible coatings based on a tapioca starch/decolorized hsian-tsao leaf gum (dHG) matrix with various green tea extracts (GTEs) were evaluated. Its effect on the shelf-life extension of fruit-based salads, romaine hearts, and pork slices were investigated as well. Three types of GTEs from hot water (80 ...
Cheng Ka-Wing - - 2010
Natural products extracted from plants and fruits have attracted increasing attention for the development of effective inhibitors against the formation of acrylamide during food processing. In this study, six fruit extracts (apple, blueberry, mangosteen, longan, dragon fruit with white flesh, and dragon fruit with red flesh) were compared for their ...
Teo Chin Chye - - 2010
Pressurized hot water extraction (PHWE) has become a popular green extraction method for different classes of compounds present in numerous kinds of matrices such as environmental, food and botanical samples. PHWE is also used in sample preparation to extract organic contaminants from foodstuff for food safety analysis and soils/sediments for ...
Yashin Yakov I - - 2010
Oxidative stress, i.e. excessive content of reactionary, oxygen, and nitrogen compounds (ROAC), including free radicals, is one of the causes of various dangerous diseases as well as premature aging. The adverse effect of free radicals can be neutralized by antioxidants. In order to carry out antioxidant therapy, one needs to ...
Liu Xuebo - - 2010
Advances in understanding the neurodegenerative pathologies are creating new opportunities for the development of neuroprotective therapies, such as antioxidant food factors, lifestyle modification and drugs. However, the biomarker by which the effect of the agent on neurodegeneration is determined is limited. We here address hexanoyl dopamine (HED), one of novel ...
Ɓastawska Katarzyna - - 2010
Seven commercial food supplements present on the Polish market were evaluated for their in vitro antioxidant capacity. The selected products were in the form of hard gelatin capsules. They contained the extracts from chokeberry, cranberry, blueberry and green tea. The mixture of vitamins and minerals as well as the product ...
Neveu V - - 2010
A number of databases on the plant metabolome describe the chemistry and biosynthesis of plant chemicals. However, no such database is specifically focused on foods and more precisely on polyphenols, one of the major classes of phytochemicals. As antioxidants, polyphenols influence human health and may play a role in the ...
Foh Mohamed Beva Kelfala - - 2010
Freeze dried protein powders (Fresh minced meat, FMM and Hot water dip, HWD) from tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus) were hydrolyzed by Alcalase 2.4 L (Alc), Flavourzyme (Flav) and Neutrase (Neut), and investigated for antioxidant activity and their functional properties. FMM and HWD hydrolysed by Alc, exhibiting superior antioxidant activity, had estimated ...
Carlsen Monica H - - 2010
A plant-based diet protects against chronic oxidative stress-related diseases. Dietary plants contain variable chemical families and amounts of antioxidants. It has been hypothesized that plant antioxidants may contribute to the beneficial health effects of dietary plants. Our objective was to develop a comprehensive food database consisting of the total antioxidant ...
Herrero Miguel - - 2010
Among the different extraction techniques used at analytical and preparative scale, supercritical fluid extraction (SFE) is one of the most used. This review covers the most recent developments of SFE in different fields, such as food science, natural products, by-product recovery, pharmaceutical and environmental sciences, during the period 2007-2009. The ...
Meydani Mohsen - - 2009
Oats are known to be a healthy food for the heart due mainly to their high beta-glucan content. In addition, they contain more than 20 unique polyphenols, avenanthramides, which have shown strong antioxidant activity in vitro and in vivo. The polyphenols of oats have also recently been shown to exhibit ...
Izuchi Ryoichi - - 2009
The use of persimmon (Diospyros kaki L.f.) as a possible functional food material has not garnered widespread popularity. We conducted the present study and found that a fat-soluble extract obtained from the peel contained a large amount of carotenoids; beta-cryptoxanthin accounted for more than 50% of the total carotenoids identified. ...
Medina Eduardo - - 2009
The bactericidal effects of several olive compounds (nonenal, oleuropein, tyrosol, the dialdehydic form of decarboxymethyl elenolic acid either free [EDA] or linked to tyrosol [TyEDA] or to hydroxytyrosol [HyEDA]), other food phenolic compounds (catechin, epicatechin, eugenol, thymol, carvacrol, and carnosic acid), and commercial disinfectants (glutaraldehyde [GTA] and ortho-phthalaldehyde [OPA]), were ...
Isla Mar?a I - - 2009
Propolis was included in the Argentine Food Code as a functional food. The chemical parameters and antioxidant properties of propolis samples from the same colonies of Apis mellifera in San Juan (Cuyo region, Western Argentine) were compared every month for 1 year using two collection methods. Chemical parameters were analyzed ...
Tadeo Jos? L - - 2010
The application of ultrasound-assisted extraction (UAE) to the sample preparation of environmental and food samples has increased in the last years. This technique has been used in the development of methods for the analysis of numerous contaminants, including organic compounds (pesticides, pharmaceuticals, polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons, polyhalogenated flame retardants, etc.) and ...
Xu Baojun - - 2009
The effects of four thermal processing methods (conventional boiling, conventional steaming, pressure boiling, and pressure steaming) on phytochemical profiles, antioxidant capacities, and antiproliferation properties of commonly consumed cool-season food legumes, including green pea, yellow pea, chickpea, and lentil, were investigated. Four groups of individual phenolic compounds, including phenolic acids, anthocyanins, ...
Tung Nguyen Huu - - 2010
The present study to evaluate the potential of constituents of the bark of Alnus japonica as a functional food with medicinal properties led to the identification of one new diarylheptanoid, named alusenone (1A), and 11 known ones (1B and 2-11). Their antioxidative and hepatoprotective activities were accessed by, respectively, a ...
Detopoulou P - - 2010
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: This study aimed at evaluating the relationship of adiponectin concentration with total dietary antioxidant capacity in free-living, apparently healthy adults from the ATTICA study. SUBJECTS/METHODS: A random subsample from the ATTICA study, consisting of 310 men (40+/-11 years) and 222 women (38+/-12 years), was selected. Adiponectin, along with other ...
Jacobo-Velázquez D A - - 2009
This study presents a new approach to analyze data correlating total antioxidant activity and total phenolic compounds in foods. The correlation of both variables is a common practice found in the literature. The purpose of these correlations is to determine the contribution of phenolics to the total antioxidant activity of ...
Lin Yi-Ching - - 2009
Aspergillus awamori-fermented black soybeans, a healthy food ingredient, were subjected to heating at 40-100 degrees C for 30 min. After heat treatment, the methanol extract of the fermented black soybeans was examined for antioxidant activity including the 2,2-diphenyl-1-picryl-hydrozyl radical-scavenging effect and the Fe(2+)-chelating ability. It was found that antioxidant activity ...
Fantini Noemi - - 2009
Extracts of kidney beans ( Phaseolus vulgaris ) are known to reduce food intake and glycemia in rodents and humans. This study evaluated the effect of a novel extract of P. vulgaris on food (regular food pellets, starch-enriched diet, and chocolate-flavored beverage) intake, body weight, and glycemia in rats. The ...
Mairal Teresa - - 2009
Coeliac disease is an inflammatory disease of the upper small intestine and results from gluten ingestion in genetically susceptible individuals, and is the only life-long nutrient-induced enteropathy. The only treatment is a strict gluten-free diet and the longer the individual fails to adhere to this diet, the greater the chance ...
Schellekens Charlotte - - 2009
An extract of wild green oat (Avena sativa L.), was tested in vivo in rats for its behavioural effects after chronic oral administration via extract-admixed food. Thirty six male Sprague-Dawley rats received (A) standard diet (controls), (B) 10 g/kg extract-admixed food or (C) 100 g/kg extract-admixed food. The following behavioural ...
Skouroliakou Maria - - 2009
Sideritis euboea is a Greek plant that is traditionally consumed as a beverage (mountain tea). From in vitro studies, its extract has shown antioxidant and estrogenic activities. In our study we used S. euboea as an enriching food factor in order to produce a new functional food, a jelly dessert, ...
Amarowicz Ryszard - - 2009
The review is based on the evaluation of electronically collated data published between 2002 to June 2006. It is based on 325 references dealing with the following subclasses of phenolic compounds: hydroxycinnamic and hydroxybenzoic acids, chalcones, flavanones, flavones, flavonols, monomeric flavanols and anthocyanins. Only publications dealing directly with the effects ...
Serrano Jos?? - - 2009
Tannins are a unique group of phenolic metabolites with molecular weights between 500 and 30 000 Da, which are widely distributed in almost all plant foods and beverages. Proanthocyanidins and hydrolysable tannins are the two major groups of these bioactive compounds, but complex tannins containing structural elements of both groups ...
Arranz Sara - - 2009
The content of polyphenols in fruits reported in the literature normally refers to extractable polyphenols (EPP) analyzed in aqueous-organic extracts. However, significant amounts of bioactive compounds that are usually not considered in nutritional studies remain in the residue from extraction as nonextractable polyphenols (NEPP). The main objective of this work ...
Mitsou Evdokia K - - 2009
In this randomized, double-blinded, placebo-controlled clinical study we aimed to evaluate the in vivo prebiotic effects of a functional food containing short-chain fructo-oligosaccharides (sc-FOS) and Sideritis euboea extract on human faecal microflora. Sixty-four healthy volunteers 26 men and 38 women (age range: 22-51) were assigned to consume daily a jelly ...
Khajeh Mostafa - - 2010
In this study is proposed a pre-concentration procedure using molecular imprinted polymer for the determination of copper in food samples. The copper imprinted polymer was prepared by free radical solution polymerization in a tube containing copper, morin, 4-vinylpyridine as a functional monomer, ethyleneglycoldimethacrylate as a cross-linking monomer, and 2,2'-azobisisobutyronitrile as ...
Brassard Julie - - 2009
When genetic material is extracted from viruses responsible for food illnesses, two broad types of possibilities are offered: conventional methods, which are well established but usually long and exacting to perform, or commercial kits, which are faster and easy to use but much more expensive. Thus, it is important to ...
Valls Josep - - 2009
In recent years, increasing knowledge of the positive health effects of food polyphenols has prompted the need to develop new separation techniques for their extraction, fractionation and analysis. This article provides an updated and exhaustive review of the application of counter-current chromatography, high performance liquid chromatography, capillary electrophoresis, and their ...
McCarty Mark F - - 2010
Recent studies show that ingestion of flavanol-rich cocoa powder provokes increased endothelial production of nitric oxide - an effect likely mediated by epicatchin - and thus may have considerable potential for promoting vascular health. The Kuna Indians of Panama, who regularly consume large amounts of flavanol-rich cocoa, are virtually free ...
Pérez-Jiménez Jara - - 2009
Most studies on bioavailability of phenolic antioxidants are focused in foods and beverages in which they may be easily released from the food matrix, reaching a peak in plasma antioxidant capacity 1-2 h after the intake. However, plant foods contain significant amounts of polyphenols associated with dietary fiber. The aim ...
Ha Dong-Oh - - 2009
Effects of riboflavin photosensitizations on the stability of bisphenol A (BPA), a well-known endocrine disrupting chemical, were studied in model and real-food systems by high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC). Concentration of BPA was significantly decreased under light exposure (P < 0.05) as the concentration of riboflavin increased while those without riboflavin ...
Slanc Petra - - 2009
Lipids are important components in human nutrition; however, their increased intake contributes to the development of obesity and can lead to multiple long-term complications. Pancreatic lipase (triacylglycerol acylhydrolase, EC 3.1.1.3) is a key enzyme for the absorption of dietary triglycerides. Interference with fat hydrolysis results in the reduced utilization of ...
Pengfei Liu - - 2009
In the present study, the process of separation and purification of isohamnetin from marc of sea buckthorn was obtained. The antioxidant properties of the pure isolated isorhamnetin were evaluated by the scavenging of the diphenylpicrylhydrazyl radical (DPPH), iron (III) to iron (II)-reducing, and iron-chelating assays. High purity isorhamnetin (92.1%) was ...
Lee Poi-Wah - - 2009
Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) is a commonly used method for the detection of trace amounts of potentially allergenic protein residues in foods. However, food matrices and processing conditions can affect the detection of protein residues. The effects of acidity on the detectability of several allergenic proteins commonly found in salad ...
Luo Jinping - - 2009
A biosensor for rapid detection of bacterial count based on adenosine 5'-triphosphate (ATP) bioluminescence has been developed. The biosensor is composed of a key sensitive element and a photomultiplier tube used as a detector element. The disposable sensitive element consists of a sampler, a cartridge where intracellular ATP is chemically ...
Capela Rita R iMed.UL, Faculty of Pharmacy, University of Lisbon, Av Prof. Gama Pinto, 1649-003, - - 2009
A series of artemisinin-vinyl sulfone hybrid molecules with the potential to act in the parasite food vacuole via endoperoxide activation and falcipain inhibition was synthesized and screened for antiplasmodial activity and falcipain-2 inhibition. All conjugates were active against the Plasmodium falciparum W2 strain in the low nanomolar range and those ...
Amakura Yoshiaki - - 2009
In order to establish the marker constituents of the natural antioxidant food-additive Eucalyptus leaf extract, the UV-absorbing constituents of two eucalyptus leaf extracts registered as food additives (eucalyptus A and B) were investigated. Several major peaks on the reversed-phase HPLC chromatogram of eucalyptus A were characterized as gallic acid, ellagic ...
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