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Patel Nalin J - - 2012
The purpose of this study is to evaluate the potential role of food intolerances in the management of recurrent respiratory papillomatosis (RRP). This is a retrospective case review of 4 pediatric patients with RRP. All of the patients, cared for by the primary author between 2005 and 2010, were managed ...
Shin Hakdong - - 2011
Bacillus cereus is widely distributed in the environment and is responsible for foodborne illnesses, causing diarrhea and vomiting. In this study, the prevalence of B. cereus bacteriophages in Korean fermented foods was studied using 6 reference strains, and JBP901 was further characterized. In a total of 47 samples, 19 (40.4%) ...
Peng D - - 2011
The feed drug additive carbadox is a suspected carcinogen and mutagen. To monitor effectively residues of carbadox in the edible tissues of food-producing animals, an indirect competitive enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ic-ELISA) to detect quinoxaline-2-carboxylic acid, the marker residue of carbadox, was developed. Several haptens were synthesised and conjugated to the ...
Schmid-Schönbein Geert W GW Microcirculation Laboratory, Department of Bioengineering, The Institute of Engineering in Medicine, University of California San Diego, La Jolla, California 92093 - - - 2011
Shock and multi-organ failure have one of the highest levels of inflammatory markers, morbidities and mortality. The underlying mechanisms are currently unknown and no effective intervention exists. We present evidence for a previously untested mechanism due to autodigestion by the digestive enzymes synthesized in the pancreas and transported in the ...
Quan Ying - - 2011
A polyclonal antibody for acrylamide (AA) was obtained by immunization of rabbits with N-acryloxysuccinimide (NAS) and keyhole limpet hemocyanin (KLH) conjugate. A direct enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) based on this antibody with enhanced chemiluminescent (ECL) detection of AA in food samples has been developed. Assay conditions, including concentrations of antibody ...
Blissett Jackie - - 2011
Despite substantial evidence suggesting a diet high in fruit and vegetables (FV) is associated with reduced risk of cancer, only 21% of children in the UK consume the recommended 5 portions of fruit of vegetables a day. This review examines the role of parenting style, feeding style and feeding practices ...
Babu Dinesh - - 2011
Aflatoxin B(1) is an unavoidable natural mycotoxin that enters the food chain by contamination of food grains and feedstuffs, potentially posing carcinogenic risks to animal and human health. Immuno-PCR methods have the potential to address the need of meeting the regulatory limits by detecting trace levels of toxins present in ...
Wang Yabin - - 2011
Ronidazole was used as the starting material to prepare an immunogen and coating antigen. An anti-nitroimidazole monoclonal antibody was produced and an indirect competitive ELISA was established to detect nitroimidazole compounds in food products. The IC(50) values were determined to be 0.20 ng/ml for metronidazole, 4.0 ng/ml for tinidazole, 0.17 ...
Bassaly Renee - - 2011
: The aim of this study was to survey interstitial cystitis/bladder pain syndrome (IC/BPS) patients with a Web-based questionnaire to determine which consumables (foods, drinks, supplements/spices, and general food categories) truly exacerbate IC/BPS symptoms. : The Interstitial Cystitis Association posted a Web link on its Web site offering its members ...
Hussein Rania Abd El Hamid - - 2011
Nutrition clearly plays a role during adolescent development. Nutritional habits are not in line with the recommendations among adolescents. Food habits that are seen more frequently among teens than in other age groups include irregular consumption of meals, and eating away from home (especially fast-food venues). In addition, many young ...
McNeil Scott E - - 2011
The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) and pharmaceutical industry have used standards to assess material biocompatibility, immunotoxicity, purity, and sterility (as well as many other properties) for several decades. Nanoparticle developers and manufacturers leverage well-established methods as much as possible. However, the unique properties of nanomaterials often interfere with standardized ...
Celakovská Jarmila - - 2011
Few studies concerning the importance of wheat allergy affecting the course ofatopic eczema in adolescents and adult patients exist. The evaluation if wheat allergy can deteriorate the course of atopic eczema. Follow-up of patients with confirmed food allergy to wheat. Altogether 179 persons suffering from atopic eczema were included in ...
Cisi E Domingues - - 2011
The prevalence of allergy in patients with Menière's disease was established as approximately 41.6% for inhalants and 26.6% for food. These are elevated values in relation to the prevalence of allergy in the general population, which varies from 9% to 30% for inhalants (in Brazil) and from 1% to 3% ...
Sánchez-López J - - 2011
Lipid transfer proteins (LTP) are responsible for systemic manifestations in food allergy. Their relationship with pollinosis is not clear. In our area, many patients allergic to multiple LTP-containing foods present pollinosis due to Cupressus arizonica. We selected 6 patients with cypress pollinosis and food allergy to peach. Skin prick tests ...
Takahama Umeo U Department of Bioscience, Kyushu Dental College, Kitakyushu 803-8580, Japan. Electronic address: - - 2011
An oxathiolanone derivative of rutin could be produced in the stomach after the ingestion of rutin containing foods, and the oxathiolanone derivative could be hydrolysed to an oxathiolanone derivative of quercetin (quercetin-oxathiolanone) in the intestine. Quercetin-oxathiolanone as well as quercetin inhibited xanthine oxidase. Approximately 0.05μM quercetin-oxathiolanone inhibited the activity by ...
Stoyanova Silviya - - 2011
Prebiotics such as inulin (Inu)-type fructans and alternative natural sweeteners such as stevioside (Ste) become more popular as food ingredients. Evidence is accumulating that carbohydrates and carbohydrate-containing biomolecules can be considered true antioxidants, capable of scavenging reactive oxygen species (ROS). Here, we report on the ROS scavenging abilities of Inu ...
Sheridan Robert S - - 2010
The glycoalkaloid content of pet food containing potatoes is investigated using a liquid-liquid solvent extraction followed by analysis by ultra-high pressure liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry (UPLC-MS-MS). Pet food samples are homogenized and extracted with a solution of 50:50 (v/v) acetonitrile-deionized water containing 5% acetic acid. Following vortexing and centrifugation, ...
Arranz Sara - - 2010
Dietary polyphenols (PP) can be divided into two groups: extractable polyphenols (EPP) or compounds solubilized by aqueous organic solvents, and nonextractable polyphenols (NEPP) or compounds that remain in their corresponding extraction residues. Most studies on food polyphenols and dietary intakes address exclusively EPP. The objective of this work was to ...
Pérez-Jiménez J - - 2010
The diversity of the chemical structures of dietary polyphenols makes it difficult to estimate their total content in foods, and also to understand the role of polyphenols in health and the prevention of diseases. Global redox colorimetric assays have commonly been used to estimate the total polyphenol content in foods. ...
Morales Francisco J - - 2012
Melanoidins are the final products of the Maillard reaction. The main dietary sources of melanoidins are coffee, bread crust, bakery products, black beer and cocoa. Although the chemical structures of melanoidins are widely unknown, data from gravimetric techniques allow to roughly estimate a daily intake in the order of 10 g ...
Comhaire Frank - - 2010
Couple infertility commonly results from the synergistic negative influence of several factors. External factors, related to life-style and environmental exposure, reinforce the effects of congenital or acquired damage through direct toxicity, hormone disruption and overload of reactive oxygen species. Combating obesity, correcting inappropriate diet, and banning the abuse of tobacco ...
Voravuthikunchai Supayang Piyawan - - 2010
Edible natural products, either standardized plant extracts or pure compounds, provide unlimited opportunities as safe new antimicrobial agents. This study investigated the antibacterial properties of ethanolic extract from Rhodomyrtus tomentosa (Ait.) Hassk. leaves against Bacillus cereus. Preliminary screening to evaluate the activities of the extract used a paper disc diffusion ...
Rastkari N - - 2010
A reliable and sensitive method for simultaneous determination of bisphenol A (BPA) and bisphenol F (BPF) in canned food by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC/MS) is described after extraction and pre-concentration by a new solid-phase microextraction (SPME) adsorbent. The potential of single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWCNTs) as SPME adsorbent for the pre-concentration ...
Honório Heitor Marques - - 2010
This in vitro study aimed to evaluate the effect of food consumption followed by acidic challenge on enamel erosion. Seventy-five enamel blocks obtained from bovine teeth were divided randomly into five groups (n=15 per group): GI - erosion with previous immersion in milk; GII - erosion with previous immersion in ...
Ahmed Maruf - - 2011
Purple sweet potato flour could be used to enhance the bioactive components such as phenolic compounds and anthocyanin content that might be used as nutraceutical ingredients for formulated foods. Optimization of anthocyanin and phenolic contents of purple sweet potato were investigated using response surface methodology. A face-centered cube design was ...
Erridge Clett - - 2011
The ingestion of fatty meals is associated with a transient, low-grade systemic inflammatory response in human subjects, involving the activation of circulating monocytes and the secretion of pro-inflammatory cytokines. However, it is not yet clear how different foodstuffs may promote inflammatory signalling. In a screen of forty filter-sterilised soluble extracts ...
Cifani Carlo - - 2010
Stress is a key determinant of binge eating (BE). Since Rhodiola rosea is known to modulate stress responses, its effect in a model of BE was investigated. BE for highly palatable food (HPF) was evoked in female rats by three 8-day cycles of food restriction/re-feeding (for 4days 66% of the ...
Srivastava Jyoti - - 2010
In this study the red flowers of Canna indica (Cannaceae) were extracted by using sonicator and isolation of anthocyanins have been carried out. Four anthocyanin pigments have been isolated apart from quercetin and lycopene. They are Cyanidin-3-O-(6''-O-α-rhamnopyranosyl)-β-glucopyranoside (1), Cyanidin-3-O-(6''-O-α-rhamnopyranosyl)-β-galactopyranoside (2), Cyanidin-3-O-β-glucopyranoside (3) and Cyanidin-O-β-galactopyranoside (4). These compounds were isolated by ...
Balstad Trude Rakel - - 2011
Scope: Cytoprotective gene products, e.g. phase II - and antioxidant enzymes, are important in cellular redox homeostasis. A common feature of these genes is binding sites for transcription factor nuclear factor erythroid-2-related factor 2 (Nrf2), named electrophile response elements (EpREs) within their promoters. Methods and results: To identify dietary bioactive ...
de la Barca Ana María Calderón - - 2010
Gluten-free bakery foodstuffs are a challenge for technologists and nutritionists since alternative ingredients used in their formulations have poor functional and nutritional properties. Therefore, gluten-free bread and cookies using raw and popped amaranth, a grain with high quality nutrients and promising functional properties, were formulated looking for the best combinations. ...
Floegel Anna - - 2010
Estimation of total antioxidant intake is the first step to investigate the protective effects of antioxidants on oxidative stress-mediated disease. The present study was designed to develop an algorithm to estimate total antioxidant capacity (TAC) of the US diet. TAC of individual antioxidants and 50 popular antioxidant-rich food items in ...
Sunagawa Tadahiro - - 2011
Apple polyphenols (AP) mainly consist of procyanidins (PC), which are composed of (-)-epicatechins and (+)-catechins. In order to investigate the antiageing effects of PC, we measured the lifespan of CAENORHABDITIS ELEGANS worms treated with PC. Treatment with 65 µg/mL PC extended the mean lifespan of wild-type N2 and FEM-1 worms ...
van den Broeck Hetty - - 2010
Tetraploid wheat (durum wheat) is mainly used for the preparation of pasta. As a result of breeding, thousands of tetraploid wheat varieties exist, but also tetraploid landraces are still maintained and used for local food preparations. Gluten proteins present in wheat can induce celiac disease, a T-cell mediated auto-immune disorder, ...
Nagarajan S - - 2010
The rhizomes of turmeric are processed to obtain oleoresin and subsequently curcuminoids are isolated. The mother liquor, after partial isolation of curcuminoids, known as spent turmeric oleoresin (STO), is considered as industrial waste. Curcuminoids enriched spent turmeric oleoresin (CSTO) is prepared by removal of nonantioxidant constituents, and investigated for its ...
Rodríguez N - - 2010
AIMS: Study of the potential of Lactococcus lactis CECT-4434 as a biosurfactants and nisin (the only bacteriocin allowed to be used in the food industry) producer for industrial applications, exploiting the possibility of recovering separately both metabolites, taking into account that L. lactis is an interesting micro-organism with several applications ...
Kishimoto Keiko - - 2010
The aim of this paper is to evaluate the reliability of websites providing health food information for cancer patients and, to assess the status to get this information online. We used four common Japanese search engines (Yahoo!, Google, goo, and MSN) to look up websites on Dec. 2, 2008. The ...
Tameem Abdassalam Abdelhafiz - - 2010
A sorbent material based on a newly synthesized hydrazone ligand, 4-hydroxy-N'-[(E)-(2-hydroxyphenyl)methylidene]benzohydrazide was prepared by immobilizing the ligand into a silica sol-gel matrix. The capability of the sorbent material for the extraction of seven biogenic amines (BAs), i.e., tryptamine (TRY), beta-phenylethylamine (PEA), putrescine (PUT), cadaverine (CAD), histamine (HIS), tyramine (TYR), and ...
Hurtado-Fernández Elena - - 2010
Antioxidants are one of the most common active ingredients of nutritionally functional foods which can play an important role in the prevention of oxidation and cellular damage inhibiting or delaying the oxidative processes. In recent years there has been an increased interest in the application of antioxidants to medical treatment ...
Ballesteros-Gómez Ana - - 2010
A new solvent extraction system was developed for extraction of PFCs from food. The extraction is carried out with 75:25 (v/v) tetrahydrofuran:water, a solvent mixture that provides an appropriate balance of hydrogen bonding, dispersion and dipole-dipole interactions to efficiently extract PFCs with chains containing 4-14 carbon atoms from foods. This ...
Serafini Mauro - - 2010
Epidemiological evidence suggests that a high intake of plant foods is associated with lower risk of chronic diseases. However, the mechanism of action and the components involved in this effect have not been identified clearly. In recent years, the scientific community has agreed to focus its attention on a class ...
Tamura Hitoshi - - 2010
Screening for aroma-active compounds in an aroma distillate obtained from freshly pan-roasted sesame seeds by aroma extract dilution analysis revealed 32 odorants in the FD factor range of 2-2048, 29 of which could be identified. The highest FD factors were found for the coffee-like smelling 2-furfurylthiol, the caramel-like smelling 4-hydroxy-2,5-dimethyl-3(2H)-furanone, ...
Thompson Tricia - - 2010
Under the Food Allergen and Consumer Protection Act, the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) must issue a rule for the voluntary labeling of food as gluten-free. In the proposed rule, many single-ingredient foods, such as millet, are considered inherently free of gluten. Inherently gluten-free grains will be considered misbranded if ...
de Mesa-Stonestreet Normell Jhoe - - 2010
Celiac disease is a serious condition affecting millions of individuals. Those afflicted with this illness are resigned to a lifelong avoidance of products containing the storage prolamin proteins found in cereal grains wheat, rye, and barley. Since many food products are based on these cereals, especially wheat, celiac patients have ...
Gollücke Andréa P B - - 2010
Grape polyphenols are associated with the prevention of diseases caused by oxidative stress. The present review discusses the most abundant polyphenols in red grapes as well as the recent food and beverage products developed with these natural antioxidant substances. Grape phenolic concentration and composition depend on agro-geographic factors and processing ...
Kopjar Mirela - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Partition coefficients give an indication of the retention of aroma compounds by the food matrix. Data in the literature are obtained by various methods, under various conditions and expressed in various units, and it is thus difficult to compare the results. The aim of the present study was first ...
Loizzo M R - - 2010
Total water extract, ethyl acetate, and aqueous fractions from the leaves of Artocarpus heterophyllus were evaluated for phenolic content, antioxidant, and antibacterial activities against some foodborne pathogens such as E. coli, Listeria monocytogenes, Salmonella typhimurium, Salmonella enterica, Bacillus cereus, Enterococcus faecalis, and Staphylococcus aureus. The minimum inhibitory concentration (MICs) of ...
Khosravi-Darani Kianoush - - 2010
This article serves as an overview, introducing the currently popular area of supercritical fluids and their uses in food biotechnology. Within each application, and wherever possible, the basic principles of the technique, as well as a description of the history, instrumentation, methodology, uses, problems encountered, and advantages over the traditional, ...
Burdack-Freitag Andrea - - 2010
Application of a comparative aroma extract dilution analysis on aroma distillates isolated from either raw Italian hazelnuts or a roasted hazelnut material produced thereof revealed 37 odor-active compounds in the raw nuts, whereas 46 aroma compounds were detected in the roasted nut material. 2-Methoxy-3-isopropylpyrazine and 2-methoxy-3,5-dimethylpyrazine as well as 5-methyl-4-heptanone ...
Guimarães Rafaela - - 2010
Rose species have long been used for food and medicinal purposes. Rosa micrantha is one of the rose species that grow feral in the northeastern Portuguese region so-called Nordeste Transmontano. For the first time, chemical composition and bioactivity of their petals, fertilized flowers, unripe, ripening, and overripe hips were evaluated ...
Bener Mustafa - - 2010
A low-cost optical sensor using an immobilized chromogenic redox reagent was devised for measuring the total antioxidant level in a liquid sample without requiring sample pretreatment. The reagent, copper(II)-neocuproine (Cu(II)-Nc) complex, was immobilized onto a cation-exchanger film of Nafion, and the absorbance changes associated with the formation of the highly ...
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