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Guo Hong - - 2012
This study investigated the role of food intolerance in irritable bowel syndrome with diarrhoea (D-IBS). Specific immunoglobulin G (IgG) antibodies against 14 common food antigens in the serum were measured in 77 patients with D-IBS and 26 healthy controls. Food-specific IgG antibodies were identified in 39 (50.65%) patients with D-IBS ...
Gao Shan - - 2012
In the present study, we developed a convenient, rapid, and sensitive immunochromatographic (IC) test strip to detect abrin in assay buffer and spiked abrin in test food samples. The abrin IC test strip was based on a sandwich format consisting of a monoclonal antibody and a polyclonal antibody. The anti-abrin ...
Ghassemzadeh Alieh - - 2012
The aim of this study was to determine possible correlates of premature ovarian failure (POF) in an Iranian population. In a case-control study, 80 patients with POF were compared with 80 controls enrolled from the same setting during 2007-2008. A food diary was used to assess food consumption habits. Mean ...
Ritz Eberhard - - 2012
Hyperphosphatemia has been identified in the past decade as a strong predictor of mortality in advanced chronic kidney disease (CKD). For example, a study of patients in stage CKD 5 (with an annual mortality of about 20%) revealed that 12% of all deaths in this group were attributable to an ...
Proença Vieira L - - 2012
The identification of stages of dietary change and the factors affecting food choices can direct more effective nutritional intervention against coronary heart disease progression. Identify the stages of change of eating behavior and its relation with nutritional status, food consumption and previous cardiovascular events in patients who underwent coronary angioplasty. ...
Thekkethodika Abdulvahab A Department of Anesthesia ICU, Pain Management and Palliative Care, Hamad Medical Corporation, 3050 Doha, - - 2012
Laparoscopic gastric banding is a popular surgical treatment performed to control morbid obesity all over the world. Regurgitation of food material from stomach is very common in these patients. Remnants of food material may risk the airway for pulmonary aspiration. This case experience shows that despite the extended fasting period, ...
Keller Michael D MD Division of Allergy & Immunology, The Children's Hospital of Philadelphia, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA. - - 2012
Alternatives to cow's milk and soy milk are often necessary for children with food allergies. Although hydrolyzed and elemental formulas are appropriate replacements, other milk products such as rice and almond milk are insufficient protein sources for children under 2 years of age. A chart review on three patients treated ...
Guigueno Mélanie F - - 2012
Mercury (Hg) is a global contaminant impacting even remote environments. In alpine watersheds, glacial meltwater is a source of Hg, which accumulated in glaciers during the 1960-1980 cooling cycle. The considerable variation observed for Hg exposure of alpine animals in proximal watersheds could result from differences among those watersheds in ...
Zakhari Joseph S JS Department of Chemistry, The Scripps Research Institute, 10550 North Torrey Pines Road, La Jolla, California 92037, - - 2012
Ghrelin, an enteric peptide hormone linked to the pathophysiology of obesity has been a therapeutic target of great interest over the past decade. Many research efforts have focused on the antagonism of ghrelin's endogenous receptor GHSR1a, which is found along ascending vagal afferent fibers, as well as in the arcuate ...
Al-Hammadi Suleiman - - 2011
Food allergy is common in children, and its occurrence is strongly associated with other allergies including anaphylaxis. Both genetic (e.g., CD14, STAT6, IL-10, SPINK5, and FOXP3 genes) and environmental (e.g., early exposure to highly allergic food) factors appear to contribute to food allergy. Cross-sectional study involved children in public primary ...
Duvancić Tomislav - - 2011
Angioedema indicates acute subcutaneous edema that characterizes improperly restricted cutaneous or mucous membrane swelling, which can occur only once or be relapsing. Edema usually occurs in the periorbital area, lips, tongue, extremities and intestinal wall. It has turned out that angioedema is usually caused by the use of angiotensin-converting enzyme ...
Metz-Favre C - - 2011
The authors describe an unusual case of LTP allergy. A 35 years old patient presented repeated episodes of angiooedema after food intake and complained 10 years ago of contact urticaria and rhinoconjunctivitis when exposed to cannabis leaves and to marijuana smoke. The suspected responsible foods, such as wheat flour in ...
Festugato Moira - - 2011
FUNDAMENT: Psoriasis is a chronic inflammatory systemic disease mediated by immune factors. We will explore the foods that act on these factors contributing to psoriasis. As a systemic disease, which shares the same pathophysiological substrate with other comorbidities, diet also leads to worsening of comorbidities. OBJECTIVE: To indicate a group ...
Asero R - - 2011
In birch pollen-allergic patients the occurrence of clinically relevant crossreactivity to plant-derived foods is clearly related with the level of birch-specific IgE. In profilin-hypersensitive patients this has not been investigated so far. To investigate whether the levels of profilin IgE are predictive of the development of food allergy in hypersensitive ...
Xu Yafu - - 2011
BACKGROUND: The spoilage of fishery food has been attributed to limited types of microorganisms called specific spoilage organisms (SSO). Unlike traditional food-preserving techniques which usually exploit broad-spectrum antimicrobial agents, here, based on the specific antimicrobial activity of egg yolk antibodies (IgY) against two SSO in refrigerated fish (Shewanella putrefaciens and ...
Indrio Flavia - - 2011
To provide an overview on the role of gut immunity, nervous system and motility patterns in the development of feeding intolerance in newborns. Maturation of the GI is important not only for digestion and absorption, but for endocrine and exocrine function as well. There is little data available about the ...
Patel Nalin J - - 2012
The purpose of this study is to evaluate the potential role of food intolerances in the management of recurrent respiratory papillomatosis (RRP). This is a retrospective case review of 4 pediatric patients with RRP. All of the patients, cared for by the primary author between 2005 and 2010, were managed ...
Shin Hakdong - - 2011
Bacillus cereus is widely distributed in the environment and is responsible for foodborne illnesses, causing diarrhea and vomiting. In this study, the prevalence of B. cereus bacteriophages in Korean fermented foods was studied using 6 reference strains, and JBP901 was further characterized. In a total of 47 samples, 19 (40.4%) ...
Peng D - - 2011
The feed drug additive carbadox is a suspected carcinogen and mutagen. To monitor effectively residues of carbadox in the edible tissues of food-producing animals, an indirect competitive enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ic-ELISA) to detect quinoxaline-2-carboxylic acid, the marker residue of carbadox, was developed. Several haptens were synthesised and conjugated to the ...
Schmid-Schönbein Geert W GW Microcirculation Laboratory, Department of Bioengineering, The Institute of Engineering in Medicine, University of California San Diego, La Jolla, California 92093 - - - 2011
Shock and multi-organ failure have one of the highest levels of inflammatory markers, morbidities and mortality. The underlying mechanisms are currently unknown and no effective intervention exists. We present evidence for a previously untested mechanism due to autodigestion by the digestive enzymes synthesized in the pancreas and transported in the ...
Quan Ying - - 2011
A polyclonal antibody for acrylamide (AA) was obtained by immunization of rabbits with N-acryloxysuccinimide (NAS) and keyhole limpet hemocyanin (KLH) conjugate. A direct enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) based on this antibody with enhanced chemiluminescent (ECL) detection of AA in food samples has been developed. Assay conditions, including concentrations of antibody ...
Blissett Jackie - - 2011
Despite substantial evidence suggesting a diet high in fruit and vegetables (FV) is associated with reduced risk of cancer, only 21% of children in the UK consume the recommended 5 portions of fruit of vegetables a day. This review examines the role of parenting style, feeding style and feeding practices ...
Babu Dinesh - - 2011
Aflatoxin B(1) is an unavoidable natural mycotoxin that enters the food chain by contamination of food grains and feedstuffs, potentially posing carcinogenic risks to animal and human health. Immuno-PCR methods have the potential to address the need of meeting the regulatory limits by detecting trace levels of toxins present in ...
Wang Yabin - - 2011
Ronidazole was used as the starting material to prepare an immunogen and coating antigen. An anti-nitroimidazole monoclonal antibody was produced and an indirect competitive ELISA was established to detect nitroimidazole compounds in food products. The IC(50) values were determined to be 0.20 ng/ml for metronidazole, 4.0 ng/ml for tinidazole, 0.17 ...
Bassaly Renee - - 2011
: The aim of this study was to survey interstitial cystitis/bladder pain syndrome (IC/BPS) patients with a Web-based questionnaire to determine which consumables (foods, drinks, supplements/spices, and general food categories) truly exacerbate IC/BPS symptoms. : The Interstitial Cystitis Association posted a Web link on its Web site offering its members ...
Hussein Rania Abd El Hamid - - 2011
Nutrition clearly plays a role during adolescent development. Nutritional habits are not in line with the recommendations among adolescents. Food habits that are seen more frequently among teens than in other age groups include irregular consumption of meals, and eating away from home (especially fast-food venues). In addition, many young ...
McNeil Scott E - - 2011
The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) and pharmaceutical industry have used standards to assess material biocompatibility, immunotoxicity, purity, and sterility (as well as many other properties) for several decades. Nanoparticle developers and manufacturers leverage well-established methods as much as possible. However, the unique properties of nanomaterials often interfere with standardized ...
Celakovská Jarmila - - 2011
Few studies concerning the importance of wheat allergy affecting the course ofatopic eczema in adolescents and adult patients exist. The evaluation if wheat allergy can deteriorate the course of atopic eczema. Follow-up of patients with confirmed food allergy to wheat. Altogether 179 persons suffering from atopic eczema were included in ...
Cisi E Domingues - - 2011
The prevalence of allergy in patients with Menière's disease was established as approximately 41.6% for inhalants and 26.6% for food. These are elevated values in relation to the prevalence of allergy in the general population, which varies from 9% to 30% for inhalants (in Brazil) and from 1% to 3% ...
Sánchez-López J - - 2011
Lipid transfer proteins (LTP) are responsible for systemic manifestations in food allergy. Their relationship with pollinosis is not clear. In our area, many patients allergic to multiple LTP-containing foods present pollinosis due to Cupressus arizonica. We selected 6 patients with cypress pollinosis and food allergy to peach. Skin prick tests ...
Takahama Umeo U Department of Bioscience, Kyushu Dental College, Kitakyushu 803-8580, Japan. Electronic address: - - 2011
An oxathiolanone derivative of rutin could be produced in the stomach after the ingestion of rutin containing foods, and the oxathiolanone derivative could be hydrolysed to an oxathiolanone derivative of quercetin (quercetin-oxathiolanone) in the intestine. Quercetin-oxathiolanone as well as quercetin inhibited xanthine oxidase. Approximately 0.05μM quercetin-oxathiolanone inhibited the activity by ...
Monsivais Pablo P Center for Public Health Nutrition and the Nutritional Sciences Program, School of Public Health, University of Washington, Seattle WA, - - 2010
Nutrient dense foods that are associated with better health outcomes tend to cost more per kilocalorie (kcal) than do refined grains, sweets and fats. The price disparity between healthful and less healthful foods appears to be growing. This study demonstrates a new method for linking longitudinal retail price data with ...
Stoyanova Silviya - - 2011
Prebiotics such as inulin (Inu)-type fructans and alternative natural sweeteners such as stevioside (Ste) become more popular as food ingredients. Evidence is accumulating that carbohydrates and carbohydrate-containing biomolecules can be considered true antioxidants, capable of scavenging reactive oxygen species (ROS). Here, we report on the ROS scavenging abilities of Inu ...
Sheridan Robert S - - 2010
The glycoalkaloid content of pet food containing potatoes is investigated using a liquid-liquid solvent extraction followed by analysis by ultra-high pressure liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry (UPLC-MS-MS). Pet food samples are homogenized and extracted with a solution of 50:50 (v/v) acetonitrile-deionized water containing 5% acetic acid. Following vortexing and centrifugation, ...
Arranz Sara - - 2010
Dietary polyphenols (PP) can be divided into two groups: extractable polyphenols (EPP) or compounds solubilized by aqueous organic solvents, and nonextractable polyphenols (NEPP) or compounds that remain in their corresponding extraction residues. Most studies on food polyphenols and dietary intakes address exclusively EPP. The objective of this work was to ...
Pérez-Jiménez J - - 2010
The diversity of the chemical structures of dietary polyphenols makes it difficult to estimate their total content in foods, and also to understand the role of polyphenols in health and the prevention of diseases. Global redox colorimetric assays have commonly been used to estimate the total polyphenol content in foods. ...
Morales Francisco J - - 2012
Melanoidins are the final products of the Maillard reaction. The main dietary sources of melanoidins are coffee, bread crust, bakery products, black beer and cocoa. Although the chemical structures of melanoidins are widely unknown, data from gravimetric techniques allow to roughly estimate a daily intake in the order of 10 g ...
Comhaire Frank - - 2010
Couple infertility commonly results from the synergistic negative influence of several factors. External factors, related to life-style and environmental exposure, reinforce the effects of congenital or acquired damage through direct toxicity, hormone disruption and overload of reactive oxygen species. Combating obesity, correcting inappropriate diet, and banning the abuse of tobacco ...
Voravuthikunchai Supayang Piyawan - - 2010
Edible natural products, either standardized plant extracts or pure compounds, provide unlimited opportunities as safe new antimicrobial agents. This study investigated the antibacterial properties of ethanolic extract from Rhodomyrtus tomentosa (Ait.) Hassk. leaves against Bacillus cereus. Preliminary screening to evaluate the activities of the extract used a paper disc diffusion ...
Rastkari N - - 2010
A reliable and sensitive method for simultaneous determination of bisphenol A (BPA) and bisphenol F (BPF) in canned food by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC/MS) is described after extraction and pre-concentration by a new solid-phase microextraction (SPME) adsorbent. The potential of single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWCNTs) as SPME adsorbent for the pre-concentration ...
Honório Heitor Marques - - 2010
This in vitro study aimed to evaluate the effect of food consumption followed by acidic challenge on enamel erosion. Seventy-five enamel blocks obtained from bovine teeth were divided randomly into five groups (n=15 per group): GI - erosion with previous immersion in milk; GII - erosion with previous immersion in ...
Ahmed Maruf - - 2011
Purple sweet potato flour could be used to enhance the bioactive components such as phenolic compounds and anthocyanin content that might be used as nutraceutical ingredients for formulated foods. Optimization of anthocyanin and phenolic contents of purple sweet potato were investigated using response surface methodology. A face-centered cube design was ...
Erridge Clett - - 2011
The ingestion of fatty meals is associated with a transient, low-grade systemic inflammatory response in human subjects, involving the activation of circulating monocytes and the secretion of pro-inflammatory cytokines. However, it is not yet clear how different foodstuffs may promote inflammatory signalling. In a screen of forty filter-sterilised soluble extracts ...
Cifani Carlo - - 2010
Stress is a key determinant of binge eating (BE). Since Rhodiola rosea is known to modulate stress responses, its effect in a model of BE was investigated. BE for highly palatable food (HPF) was evoked in female rats by three 8-day cycles of food restriction/re-feeding (for 4days 66% of the ...
Srivastava Jyoti - - 2010
In this study the red flowers of Canna indica (Cannaceae) were extracted by using sonicator and isolation of anthocyanins have been carried out. Four anthocyanin pigments have been isolated apart from quercetin and lycopene. They are Cyanidin-3-O-(6''-O-α-rhamnopyranosyl)-β-glucopyranoside (1), Cyanidin-3-O-(6''-O-α-rhamnopyranosyl)-β-galactopyranoside (2), Cyanidin-3-O-β-glucopyranoside (3) and Cyanidin-O-β-galactopyranoside (4). These compounds were isolated by ...
Balstad Trude Rakel - - 2011
Scope: Cytoprotective gene products, e.g. phase II - and antioxidant enzymes, are important in cellular redox homeostasis. A common feature of these genes is binding sites for transcription factor nuclear factor erythroid-2-related factor 2 (Nrf2), named electrophile response elements (EpREs) within their promoters. Methods and results: To identify dietary bioactive ...
de la Barca Ana María Calderón - - 2010
Gluten-free bakery foodstuffs are a challenge for technologists and nutritionists since alternative ingredients used in their formulations have poor functional and nutritional properties. Therefore, gluten-free bread and cookies using raw and popped amaranth, a grain with high quality nutrients and promising functional properties, were formulated looking for the best combinations. ...
Floegel Anna - - 2010
Estimation of total antioxidant intake is the first step to investigate the protective effects of antioxidants on oxidative stress-mediated disease. The present study was designed to develop an algorithm to estimate total antioxidant capacity (TAC) of the US diet. TAC of individual antioxidants and 50 popular antioxidant-rich food items in ...
Sunagawa Tadahiro - - 2011
Apple polyphenols (AP) mainly consist of procyanidins (PC), which are composed of (-)-epicatechins and (+)-catechins. In order to investigate the antiageing effects of PC, we measured the lifespan of CAENORHABDITIS ELEGANS worms treated with PC. Treatment with 65 µg/mL PC extended the mean lifespan of wild-type N2 and FEM-1 worms ...
van den Broeck Hetty - - 2010
Tetraploid wheat (durum wheat) is mainly used for the preparation of pasta. As a result of breeding, thousands of tetraploid wheat varieties exist, but also tetraploid landraces are still maintained and used for local food preparations. Gluten proteins present in wheat can induce celiac disease, a T-cell mediated auto-immune disorder, ...
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