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Results 451 - 500 of 727
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Su Chung-Ren - - 2003
Chemical investigation on the stem and root bark of Acronychia pedunculata has resulted in the isolation of five new acetophenones, namely, acronyculatins A (1), B (2), C (3), D (4), and E (5). The structures of these metabolites were established on the basis of their 1D and 2D NMR spectroscopic ...
Galindo-Cuspinera Veronica - - 2003
Annatto preparations are used to impart distinctive flavor and color to foods and are a primary colorant in dairy foods such as cheese and butter. There are several reports indicating that certain fractions of the annatto plant have biological activities against microorganisms of significance in food fermentation, food preservation, and ...
Norata Giuseppe D - - 2003
Oxidised low-density lipoprotein (LDL) is believed to be the most atherogenic form of LDL. However, while a number of experimental data support this concept, the protective role of antioxidants that may prevent LDL oxidation in atherosclerosis is only partially confirmed by studies in man. Observational and epidemiological data as well ...
Caballo-López A - - 2003
A dynamic ultrasound-assisted method for the extraction of N-methylcarbamates (oxamyl, dioxacarb, metolcarb, carbofuran, carbaryl and isoprocarb) from soils and foods is proposed. The main factors affecting the extraction efficiency have been optimised by means of a central composite design. Pure water can be used as leaching agent. A flow injection ...
Cevallos-Casals Bolívar A - - 2003
Stoichiometric and kinetic values of phenolics against DPPH (2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl) were determined for Andean purple corn (Zea mays L.) and red sweetpotato (Ipomoea batatas). Both crops had higher antioxidant capacity and antiradical kinetics than blueberries and higher or similar anthocyanin and phenolic contents. The second-order rate constant (k(2)) was 1.56, 1.12, ...
Wei Yanhong - - 2003
Trace amounts of cashew nut protein can provoke severe allergic reactions in sensitive patients. Consequently, commercial food processors and regulatory agencies must be vigilant to prevent cashew nut cross-contamination among foods and ensure proper labeling. Toward this end, we have developed a sandwich enzyme-linked immunosorbent (ELISA) to detect the predominant ...
Dragland Steinar - - 2003
We assessed the contribution of culinary and medicinal herbs to the total intake of dietary antioxidants. Our results demonstrate that there is more than a 1000-fold difference among antioxidant concentrations of various herbs. Of the dried culinary herbs tested, oregano, sage, peppermint, garden thyme, lemon balm, clove, allspice and cinnamon ...
Muus U - - 2003
CycloSal-d4TMP and two different bis(benzyl) phosphate triesters of the antivirally active nucleoside analog d4T were studied with regard to their chemical hydrolysis behavior at pH 7.3, in CEM/0 cell extracts, and their anti-HIV activity. In contrast to triesters 2-4, bis-(o-AB)-d4TMP 1 was found to be chemically exquisitely stable. All compounds ...
Valdés Israel - - 2003
OBJECTIVES: There is currently much call for a reliable enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) protocol for determining gluten in foods to serve as a basis for further Codex Alimentarius regulations. Given its ability to recognize the potential coeliac-toxic epitope QQPFP, which occurs repeatedly in alpha-, gamma- and omega-gliadins, hordeins and secalins, ...
Bodennec Jacques - - 2003
We describe a new method that permits quantification in the pmol to nmol range of three lyso-neutral glycosphingolipids (lyso-n-GSLs), glucosylsphingosine (GlcSph), galactosylsphingosine (GalSph), and lactosylsphingosine, in the same sample as neutral glycosphingolipids (n-GSLs). Lyso-n-GSLs and n-GSLs are initially obtained from a crude lipid extract using Sephadex G25 chromatography, followed by ...
Vacca Giovanni - - 2003
A previous study demonstrated that an extract of Salvia miltiorrhiza, a medicinal herb highly valued in Chinese folk medicine for the treatment of different pathologies, including insomnia, was capable of reducing voluntary alcohol intake in selectively bred Sardinian alcohol-preferring (sP) rats. The present study was designed to evaluate the suitability ...
Mothes Thomas - - 2003
A gluten-free diet is the cornerstone treatment of coeliac disease. Until now, it is not known conclusively whether trace amounts of gluten might be allowed in the diet, as suggested by Codex Alimentarius. Gluten-free foods intended for dietary use can now be analysed reliably for residual gluten by the new ...
Chung Hau Yin - - 2003
Distributions and seasonal variations of the key seafood flavor compounds including 2-bromophenol, 4-bromophenol, 2,4-dibromophenol, 2,6-dibromophenol, and 2,4,6-tribromophenol in three species of brown algae (Padina arborescens, Sargassum siliquastrum, and Lobophora variegata) found in Hong Kong waters were investigated. Bromophenols were extracted by simultaneous steam distillation and solvent extraction apparatus and analyzed ...
Dragsted Lars O - - 2003
Many polyphenols are potent antioxidants in foods and model systems and they have therefore very naturally been linked with the hypothesis that their redox actities may confer them with specific health benefits. Their prevalence in plant derived foods, which are generally accepted as healthy has supported this view and inspired ...
Uusitalo Risto - - 2003
Eutrophication of surface waters can be accelerated by agricultural inputs of phosphorus (P), provided that P is in a form that can be utilized by aquatic algae. We studied anion exchange resin (AER) extraction and a dual culture algal assay (DCAA) for the determination of potentially algal-available P in water ...
Odunola O A - - 2003
The modulatory effects of the aqueous extracts of some locally consumed food condiments namely garlic (Allium sativum), ginger (Zingiber officinale), sconio (Pimpinella anisumm LINNE) and cloves (Syzygium aromaticum) on the clastogenic effects of sodium arsenite, a known inorganic clastogen were assessed in mouse bone marrow cells using the micronucleus assay ...
Saglam H - - 2003
The quality control determinations on herba and radix Chelidonii prepared from Chelidonium majus L., growing wildly in Bursa, Uluda─č surroundings, have been conducted according to DAB 9. Ash, humidity and total alkaloidal content have been carried out. LC(50) value of chelidonine and protopine, the most important alkaloids, and the alcoholic ...
Wolfe Kelly - - 2003
Consumption of fruits and vegetables has been shown to be effective in the prevention of chronic diseases. These benefits are often attributed to the high antioxidant content of some plant foods. Apples are commonly eaten and are large contributors of phenolic compounds in European and North American diets. The peels ...
Fernández-Pérez V - - 2003
A method based on superheated water extraction has been developed for the removal of cholesterol from solid food thus providing a clean approach by avoiding the use of organic solvents. A preconcentration step was also studied with the aim of solving the problem derived from low-cholesterol-content samples and dilution effect. ...
Zhang Minlian - - 2003
A molecularly imprinted polymeric monolith (MIPM) was prepared by in situ polymerization using styrene, glycidyl methacrylate and methacrylic acid as monomers, divinylbenzene and triallyl isocyanurate as cross-linking agents, and ceramide III as print molecule. The texture, pore size distribution, mobile phase flow characteristic, and chromatographic performance of the MIPM and ...
Carpinella María C - - 2003
In the course of screening for novel naturally occurring insecticides from plants, the activity of the fruit extract of the Argentinian Melia azedarach L. (Meliaceae) and its recently described limonoid meliartenin were investigated. The antifeedant activity of the fruit extract was tested on a variety of herbivore and granivorous insects ...
Phillippy Brian Q - - 2003
The ion chromatographic method for the quantification of phytate (InsP(6)) in foods was adapted for the analysis of roots and tubers. To maximize sensitivity, ultraviolet (UV) detection following postcolumn derivatization was compared with evaporative light-scattering detection (ELSD). Detection limits for phytate were 0.5 and 1 microg for UV and ELSD, ...
Tsai Chin-Hung - - 2003
In the interest of developing a simple and rapid ultraweak chemiluminescence assay for assessing the superoxide (O(2)(-))-scavenging activities of various aqueous extracts of food constituents, a specific and stable O(2)(-)-generating system was sought. Reported herein is the obtainment for the first time of a specific and stable O(2)(-)-generating system consisting ...
Henning Susanne M - - 2003
Our literature review of currently available data in the area of tea and cancer prevention demonstrated that there is more conclusive evidence for the chemopreventive effect of green tea compared with black tea. We suggest that this is due to a large variation of the flavanol content in tea, which ...
Nerín Cristina - - 2002
The optimization of supercritical fluid extraction using CO2 for the extraction of contaminants in 15 samples of recycled paper and board (P&B) has been studied. An experimental design was used for simultaneous optimization of the variables involved in both the extraction step and the collection of the extract. Methanol was ...
Butera Daniela - - 2002
Sicilian cultivars of prickly pear (Opuntia ficus indica) produce yellow, red, and white fruits, due to the combination of two betalain pigments, the purple-red betanin and the yellow-orange indicaxanthin. The betalain distribution in the three cultivars and the antioxidant activities of methanolic extracts from edible pulp were investigated. In addition, ...
Rancan Fiorenza - - 2002
Natural substances extracted from lichens and boldo tree were tested in vivo and in vitro as possible UV-light filters. The protection factors were compared with that found for the references: Nivea sun Spray LSF 5, octylmethoxycinnamate (OMC) and 4-tert.-butyl-4'-methoxy dibenzoylmethane (BM-DBM). The stability of the single compounds was studied through ...
Tura Debora - - 2002
The analysis of phenols in samples of plant and food origin attracts considerable attention. However, sample handling is often an ignored feature of the analysis. This review highlights the importance of sample extraction in an analysis and the problems that can arise during this step. Many questions remain unanswered and ...
Rechner A R - - 2002
The phenolic composition and antioxidant activities [TEAC, ORAC, FRAP] of consumer brews (1 tea bag in 230 ml for 1 min) of seven different brands of black tea from the British market were investigated. The main phenolic compounds identified were epigallocatechin gallate, four theaflavins, as well as epicatechin gallate, theogallin ...
Hunt Matthew J - - 2002
To determine whether homocysteine (Hcy)-mediated activation of endocardial endothelial (EE) cells is ameliorated by peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor (PPAR), we isolated EE cells from mouse endocardium. Matrix metalloproteinase (MMP) activity and intercellular adhesion molecule (ICAM)-1 in EE cells were measured in the presence and absence of Hcy, and ciprofibrate (CF; PPAR-alpha ...
Kang Jeong-Hun - - 2002
Bisphenol A (BPA) contamination of canned foods for human use has been studied, but there are no reports concerning BPA contamination of canned pet foods. The purpose of this study was to identify the levels of BPA in canned pet foods. A total of 26 samples (15 samples of cat ...
Murphy Patricia A - - 2002
Acetonitrile is superior to acetone, ethanol and methanol in extracting the 12 phytoestrogenic soy isoflavone forms found in foods. At 53% organic solvent in water, raw soy flour, tofu, tempeh, textured vegetable protein and soy germ were evaluated for isoflavone extraction efficiency. The efficiency of acetonitrile extraction was demonstrated in ...
Drozd Janina - - 2002
The aim of the present work was an estimation of the influence of two plant pharmaceutical preparations containing an extract from the root of Eleutherococcus senticosus: Argoeleuter tablets and Immuplant tablets, on the humoral response of immunological system. Experiments were performed with female Balb/c mice six weeks old. In order ...
Das Kumuda C - - 2002
Curcumin (diferuloylmethane) is a major component of food flavoring turmeric (Curcuma longa), and has been reported to be anticarcinogenic and anti-inflammatory. Although curcumin was shown to have antioxidant properties, its exact antioxidant nature has not been fully investigated. In this report we have investigated the possible antioxidant properties of curcumin ...
Mathiasson L - - 2002
New methodologies based on supercritical fluid extraction (SFE) have been developed for the determination of fat-soluble vitamins in processed foods. The results obtained so far indicate that SFE is well suited to extraction of fat-soluble vitamins from food products, although validation work is required to establish accuracy and precision. The ...
Golinski P - - 2002
Inoculation experiments with 12 genotypes of oats (9 lines: CHD 894, CHD 1095, CHD 1296, CHD 1607, CHD 1653, CHD 1692, STH 2293, STH 2393, STH 2494, STH 2694 and 2 cultivars: Farys, Slawko) were performed during the vegetation seasons of 1999 - 2000 in Zamosc region in the South ...
Hong Show-Jen - - 2002
In the present study, aqueous fractions extracted from Radix Ginseng, Radix Rehmanniae, Radix Puerariae, Radix Asparagi, Cortex Phellodendri and Radix Scutellariae were investigated for their effects on lipolysis measured the glycerol release in cultured 3T3-L1 differentiated adipocytes cells. Following treatment of cells with various concentrations of water-soluble extracts ranging from ...
Arnesen Jan A - - 2002
This paper describes a method for extraction of gelatine from the skin of harp seal at mild acid conditions and gives a chemical and physical comparison of this gelatine with other mammalian and cod-skin gelatines. As compared to the wet weight of unhaired skin, a recovery of 11% dry gelatine ...
Belmain Steven R - - 2002
Adult females of Xestobium rufovillosum de Geer demonstrated anemotactic orientation when exposed to an odor plume containing volatiles generated by wood-decaying fungi (Coriolus versicolor, Donkioporia expansa) and decayed oak wood (Quercus petraea, Quercus robur). They did not orient towards undecayed oak wood, beech (Fagus sylvatica), or pine wood (Pinus sylvestris). ...
Galindo-Cuspinera Verónica - - 2002
Annatto is a natural food colorant extracted from the seeds of the Bixa orellana L. plant. Annatto is used in Latin American cuisine to add a deep red color as well as distinctive flavor notes to fish, meat, and rice dishes. In the United States, annatto extracts are primarily used ...
Irigoín Florencia - - 2002
myo-Inositol hexakisphosphate (IP(6)) is an abundant intracellular component of animal cells. In this study we describe the presence of extracellular IP(6) in the hydatid cyst wall (HCW) of the larval stage of the cestode parasite Echinococcus granulosus. The HCW comprises an inner cellular layer and an outer, acellular (laminated) layer ...
Amakura Yoshiaki - - 2002
A preliminary screening for the inhibitory effects on the activation of the aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AhR) by 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin (TCDD) by applying AhR-based bioassays for dioxins, the Ah-Immunoassay and CALUX assay, was attempted. Thirty-nine food extracts including vegetables, fruits, herbs, and teas were initially screened in vitro. We first examined the ...
De Rosa G - - 2002
Goat feeding preferences for straw pellets flavored with ryegrass (Lolium perenne, cv. Belida) or white clover (Trifolium repens, cv. Huia) aromatic extracts, obtained by means of a cold aromatic extraction method, were assessed with cafeteria trials. Prior to the trials, odor differences between the two plant species, the two aromatic ...
Pereira R C - - 2002
Seaweed preference by the Brazilian endemic gastropod Astraea latispina was examined in the laboratory to evaluate the role of secondary metabolites in determining food choice. Of three species of seaweeds examined, Plocamium brasiliense was highly preferred; less so were Sargassum furcatum and Dictyota cervicornis were preferred less. Extracts and/or pure ...
Böhm Volker - - 2002
Isomerization of carotenoids, which is often encountered in food processing under the influence of temperature and light, may play a role in the observed protective effects of this group of secondary plant products. Investigation of in vitro antioxidant activity of prominent carotenoid geometrical isomers was undertaken in light of recent ...
Tarbin J A - - 2002
Methodology has been developed for the determination of lasalocid in analytically 'difficult' matrices such as processed and spiced foods. The procedure was based on an existing silica-based solid-phase extraction (SPE) clean-up to which was added a novel NH2 SPE step before HPLC with fluorescence detection. Use of the additional step ...
Hamlet C G - - 2002
A survey of 3-monochloropropane-1,2-diol (3-MCPD) in a range of food ingredients available in the UK is reported. The survey was conducted for the Food Standards Agency to assess the progress made by manufacturers in reducing levels of 3-MCPD in food ingredients in line with the UK Food Advisory Committee's recommendation, ...
Xu Jingyuan - - 2002
By monitoring the thermally driven displacements of imbedded polystyrene microspheres via video fluorescence microscopy, we quantified the microstructural and micromechanical heterogeneities of wheat gliadin suspensions. We found that the degree of heterogeneity of the suspensions, as measured by the width and skewness of the microspheres' mean squared displacement (MSD) distribution, ...
Price Joseph A JA - - 2002
There is a history of use of algae as foods and as food additives, or nutraceuticals. Although algae are a safe component of human foods and animal feeds, the effects of the algae other than as a source of protein are not clear. We examined the prevalence of an antiinflammatory ...
Collins L E - - 2002
In laboratory tests gravid female Toxorhynchites moctezuma (Dyar & Knab) and Toxorhynchites amboinensis (Doleschall) were offered the choice of black oviposition jars containing a diethyl ether extract of water collected from a natural oviposition site for these species (i.e., used tires), a dilution series of 4-methylcyclohexanol, 3-methylindole, 2-methylphenol, 3-methylphenol and ...
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