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Results 451 - 500 of 777
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Pedras M Soledade C - - 2004
The phytoalexins, brassinin, 1-methoxybrassinin and cyclobrassinin, were metabolized by the stem rot fungus Sclerotinia sclerotiorum into their corresponding glucosyl derivatives displaying no detectable antifungal activity. Importantly, co-incubation of S. sclerotiorum with camalexins, various phytoalexin analogs, and brassinin indicated that a synthetic camalexin derivative could slow down substantially the rate of ...
Lee J-C - - 2004
Rhus verniciflua Stokes (RVS), used as a food additive and a traditional herbal medicine, has both antioxidant and antitumor activities which are known to be closely associated with the polyphenolic compounds that it contains. In the present study, we purified a fraction from a crude acetone extract of RVS, named ...
Kelawala N S - - 2004
The growing interest in the substitution of synthetic food antioxidants by natural antioxidants and in the health implications of antioxidants as nutraceuticals has fostered research on vegetable sources and the screening of raw materials for identifying antioxidants. Plant and plant products have been used as a source of medicine for ...
Egashira Kanoko - - 2004
We recently reported a case of increase in the blood level of tacrolimus following intake of pomelo in a renal transplant recipient. To clarify the mechanism of this increase in the blood level of tacrolimus, we investigated the effect of pomelo juice extract on the activities of CYP3A4 and P-glycoprotein, ...
Elss S - - 2004
After simultaneous distillation-extraction (SDE) of commercial baby foods (n = 20) and fruit juices (n = 15) (among them 15 and eight products labelled 'organic', respectively) from 11 different suppliers, analyses performed by coupled capillary gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS) revealed the presence of 2-ethylhexanoic acid (2-EHA), a known teratogenic compound. ...
Lampi Anna-Maija - - 2004
Because of the positive health effects of phytosterols, phytosterol-enriched foods and foods containing elevated levels of natural phytosterols are being developed. Phytosterol contents in cereals are moderate, whereas their levels in the outer layers of the kernels are higher. The phytosterols in cereals are currently underutilized; thus, there is a ...
Gómez Maria Ester - - 2004
In this paper, we describe the study and characterization of the lipids from lees of Sherry wine, one of the main byproducts from the wine-making industry in the Jerez/Xeres/Sherry denomination of the origin zone in Jerez de la Frontera, Spain. The lipid content, extractability, classification, fatty acid composition, and its ...
Gentili Alessandra - - 2004
This paper describes a new method for the rapid extraction and unequivocal confirmation of 13 sulfonamides (SAs) in raw meat and infant foods. The highly automated extraction procedure is based on accelerated solvent extraction followed by liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS) as a confirmatory analysis. After 1 g of food ...
Shouqin Zhang - - 2004
This note describes a novel application of the food processing technology, known as high pressure processing (HPP), to the extraction of essential components of herbs. Herbal extracts may be used as drugs, as well as ingredients in food and cosmetics. We have run some pilot studies in our laboratories to ...
Epple Gisela - - 2004
Total extract from the fruit of Szechuan pepper (Zanthoxylum piperitum DC), the volatile components of the extract and a non-volatile fraction containing alkylamides (NVA fraction) are feeding deterrents for rats. The present study investigated the effectiveness of these natural repellents in prairie voles (Microtus ochrogaster Wagner). Two-choice feeding trials were ...
Ko Yuan-Tih - - 2004
The objective of this study was to establish analytical approaches to quantify 1,3-beta-glucan (1,3-beta-G) in foods. Six food categories including legumes, cereals, tubers, vegetables, fruits, and mushrooms and 17 total items were tested. An extraction procedure was designed to prepare food cold-water soluble, hot-water soluble, cold-alkaline soluble, and hot-alkaline soluble ...
Nagai Takeshi - - 2004
Three extracts, namely hot-water fraction (HWF), water-soluble fraction (WSF), and ethanol-soluble fraction (ESF), were prepared from fresh bee bread imported from Lithuania. The protein and total phenolic contents of these samples were very high. Among them, WSF at 100% concentration showed the highest antioxidative ability and scavenging ability. On the ...
Qian He - - 2004
Dried ground leaves of Psidium guajava L. (guava) were extracted by water and aqueous ethyl alcohol 50% (1:10) ratio, and the total phenolic content in the extracts was determined spectrophotometrically according to Folin- Ciocalteu's phenol method and calculated as gallic acid equivalent (GAE). Remarkably high total phenolic content 575.3 +/-15.5 ...
Gostan Thierry - - 2004
Self-diffusion measurement of solutes in polymer gels has been investigated using pulsed gradient spin echo NMR spectroscopy. However, few data are available on the self-diffusion of small solutes in natural polysaccharide polymers used as thickeners in the food industry. Since aroma diffusion in food matrices could have an impact on ...
Guterrez Z R - - 2004
Agaricus blazei Murill, popularly known as "Sun Mushroom" or "Himematsutake", is native to Brazil. Nowadays, this mushroom has been target of great scientific interest due to its medical power and because it has shown antitumoral and immune modulatory properties. This work evaluated the mutagenic and antimutagenic potential from aqueous extracts ...
Huang Tiehua - - 2004
Cyclic voltammetry (CV) is a unique technique for the electrochemical characterization of compounds by providing their oxidation/reduction potentials. This technique is widely used in evaluating antioxidants in the oil, food, diagnostic and agricultural industries; however, CV is rarely used in the development of pharmaceutical formulations. This review briefly describes the ...
van der Sluis Addie A - - 2004
There is a great interest in food components that possess possible health-protecting properties, as is the case with flavonoids. Previous research showed that conventional apple juice processing resulted in juices poor in flavonoids and with a low antioxidant activity. This paper shows that it is possible to improve flavonoid content ...
Morikawa Toshio - - 2004
New dolabellane-type diterpene alkaloids, nigellamines A(3), A(4), A(5), and C, were isolated from the methanolic extract of an Egyptian medicinal food, black cumin (the seeds of Nigella sativa). Their absolute configurations were determined on the basis of chemical and physicochemical evidence. Nigellamines were found to lower triglyceride levels in primary ...
Pomés A - - 2004
Inadvertent exposure to peanut in foods poses health risks for peanut-allergic individuals that can be reduced by improving detection systems for allergen contaminants in food products and manufacturing processes. Detection of peanut in chocolate has been especially difficult. We report the optimization of conditions for measuring a major peanut allergen, ...
González-Paramás Ana M - - 2004
Proanthocyanidins, particularly those coming from wine and grape products, have became of interest to nutritionists. Particular attention is currently being paid to the exploitation of this kind of grape byproducts for obtaining bio-active phenolic compounds with potential application as food antioxidants and preventive agents against cancer and other diseases. In ...
Bohn Torsten - - 2004
Chlorophyll analysis at high precision and accuracy is limited by the lack of suitable, commercially available internal standards for HPLC analysis. Here, the commercially available dye zinc-phthalocyanine is presented as a new internal standard to quantify chlorophylls in vegetable foods and to detect chlorophyll degradation products. The technique was applied ...
Biondo R - - 2004
In order to produce explants of Mandevilla illustris (Vell) Woodson for the "Cerrado in vitro", the Germplasm Bank of UNAERP, we carried out a micropropagation protocol using MS or MS/3 medium supplemented with different concentrations of 6-benzyladeninepurine (BA), Zeatin or 2-isopentenyladenine for nodal segment growth, and alpha-naphthaleneacetic acid, indole-3-butyric acid ...
Clare Maria O`Sullivan
Antioxidants were added (concentration range 0-4%) to fresh, minced chicken meat. Antioxidant potential was assessed through TBARS and colour measurements. Optimum test ingredient concentrations determined were; aloe vera (AV) (1.0%), fenugreek (Fen) (0.01%), ginseng (Gin) (0.05%), mustard (Mtd) (0.25%), rosemary (RM) (0.1%), sage (S) (0.1%), soya protein (SP) (0.01%), tea ...
Fujimoto Haruhiro - - 2004
A screening study focusing on immunomodulatory activity of the EtOAc extract of an Ascomycete, Chaetomium seminudum, has afforded a known epipolythiodioxopiperazine, chetomin (1), together with three new chetomin-related metabolites named chetoseminudins A (2), B (3), and C (4). Among these four metabolites, 1 and 2 have been deduced as the ...
Blando Federica - - 2004
In the recent years many studies on anthocyanins have revealed their strong antioxidant activity and their possible use as chemotherapeutics. The finding that sour cherries (Prunus cerasus L) (also called tart cherries) contain high levels of anthocyanins that possess strong antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties has attracted much attention to this ...
Ariga Toshiaki - - 2004
Proanthocyanidins, which belong to a class of polyphenols, are widely distributed throughout the plant kingdom. Most people ingest trace amounts of proanthocyanidins through foods such as red wine and cranberry juice. However, the functional properties of proanthocyanidins have been little understood. Since 1983, we have studied the antioxidative functions, preventive ...
Park Won-Hwan - - 2004
Silsosangami is a dried decoction of a mixture of seven Korean herbal medicines, consisting of Typhae pollen, Pteropi faeces, Paeoniae radicis rubra, Cnidii rhizoma, Persicae semen, Carthami flos, and Curcumae tuber. The inhibitory effect of this traditional herbal medicine, Silsosangami-water extract (SSG), on the progression of the atherosclerotic diseases was ...
McCue Patrick - - 2004
Oregano (Origanum vulgare) is a rich source of natural phenolic antioxidants and has potential to be a source of nutritional ingredients for functional foods. Herbs such as oregano have long been used in food preservation and in traditional medicine in the treatment of common ailments and have potential for positive ...
Zhuang Wenshan - - 2004
Optimal conditions for extraction methods using an accelerated solvent extractor (ASE) and a Polytron homogenizer were established for quantification of (crude) lipids and extractable organochlorine (EOCl) in fish. The two methods, an ASE consecutive extraction at 55 and 100 degrees C for ground, freeze-dried filets, and a Polytron extraction at ...
Shetty Kalidas - - 2004
The combination of immunodeficiency, inflammatory process and nutritional status that is characteristic of infective and food-borne illness is more evident in chronic diet- and environment-influenced chronic diseases such as diabetes, obesity, cardiovascular disease, cancer, arthritis and neuro-degeneration diseases. These chronic diseases tend to be oxidation-linked and may manifest in communities ...
Hejazi M A - - 2003
beta-Carotene has many applications in the food, cosmetic, and pharmaceutical industries; Dunaliella salina is currently the main source for natural beta-carotene. We have investigated the effect of mixing rate and whether it leads to the facilitated release of beta-carotene from the cells of Dunaliella salina in two-phase bioreactors. Three pairs ...
Ito Kyoko - - 2003
The addition of a water-soluble extract from cacao-extracted powder (CEPWS) to a cariogenic model food, a white chocolate-like diet that contains 35% sucrose, significantly reduced caries scores in SPF rats infected with Streptococcus sobrinus 6715, compared to control rats fed a white chocolate-like diet. CEPWS markedly inhibited water-insoluble glucan (WIG) ...
Edder Patrick - - 2003
A reliable and sensitive procedure is presented for the analysis of nitrofuran metabolite residues in foods of animal origin, like poultry and shrimp. The method is based on a one-step extraction/derivatization, followed by solid-phase extraction clean-up with polymeric phase cartridges. The separations were carried out by liquid chromatography coupled with ...
Ando Mami - - 2003
Oxygen-related free radicals have been suggested as a cause of aging and various diseases, for example, various cancers and rheumatoid arthritis. Because of this a radical scavenger as an antioxidant has been sought in food materials. Soy sauce is a traditional fermented seasoning of East Asian countries and is available ...
Kansci Germain - - 2003
Plants of the Dorstenia genus, used in traditional medicine and as food ingredient in Africa, are rich in polyphenolic compounds which can be involved in prevention of disease and food spoilage through their antioxidant activity. The antiradical activities of extracts of Dorstenia psilurus. D. ciliata and a phenolic compound (6-prenylapigenin) ...
Nakatsugawa Munehide - - 2003
This is the first report suggesting a causal relationship between acute respiratory distress syndrome and Hericium erinaceum extract, which is commercialized as a diet food. A 63-year-old man was admitted to our hospital for intensive care of severe acute respiratory failure with diffuse infiltration in both lungs. Bronchoalveolar lavage fluid ...
Tsao Rong - - 2003
Recent findings that many human chronic diseases are associated with oxidative stresses have instigated the search for dietary antioxidants. Many phytochemicals, particularly phenolic compounds, have been found to possess strong antioxidant activity and reduce the risks of those diseases. Isoflavones, a special phenolic group found in soybean, have been found ...
Iliopoulou Dimitra - - 2003
Five new brominated diterpenes, along with two known, have been isolated from the organic extract of the red alga Laurencia obtusa, collected from the coastal rocks of Preveza in the Ionean Sea, Greece. The novel metabolites prevezols B-E possess two new carbon skeletons, to the best of our knowledge, unprecedented ...
Leonard Stephen S - - 2003
Scavenging or quenching of the reactive oxygen species (ROS) involved in oxidative stress has been the subject of many recent studies. Resveratrol, found in various natural food products, has been linked to decreased coronary artery disease and preventing cancer development. The present study measured the effect of resveratrol on several ...
Konishi Yutaka - - 2003
The effects of more than 300 kinds of food extracts on intestinal permeability were investigated in Caco-2 cells with the use of model compounds: Lucifer Yellow (LY) for the paracellular pathway, Fluorescein (FC) for the monocarboxylic acid transporter-mediated pathway, and Rhodamine 123 (RH) for the p-glycoprotein-mediated efflux pathway. With several ...
Henterich Nadine - - 2003
Patients with coeliac disease (gluten-sensitive enteropathy) are intolerant against gliadins from wheat and the respective proteins from related cereals and have to keep a lifelong gluten-free diet. For control of gliadin in gluten-free food sensitive assay techniques are necessary. We developed an immunopolymerase chain reaction (iPCR) assay for gliadin. In ...
Glei M - - 2003
Functional foods need to be assessed for beneficial effects to support claims, but also for toxic effects. This report describes two examples of how complex food samples are initially characterized in human cells in vitro. Water extracts of green tea (GT) and black carrots (BC) were analyzed for key ingredients ...
Laparra J M - - 2003
The aim of this study was to examine the bioaccessibility (maximum soluble concentration in gastrointestinal medium) of total (AsT) and inorganic (AsI) arsenic contents and the effect on them of cooking edible seaweed, a food of great interest because of its high As content. An in vitro gastrointestinal digestion (pepsin, ...
Alonso Borbalán Angeles M - - 2003
There is considerable interest in the analysis of phenolic compounds due to their involvement in the organoleptic characteristics of foods and drinks, and their contribution to protection against cardiovascular diseases and cancers through their antioxidant activity. This article describes studies of the polyphenol content, both total (by means of the ...
Pellegrini Nicoletta - - 2003
Epidemiologic studies have demonstrated an inverse association between consumption of fruits and vegetables and morbidity and mortality from degenerative diseases. The antioxidant content of fruits and vegetables may contribute to the protection they offer from disease. Because plant foods contain many different classes and types of antioxidants, knowledge of their ...
McGregor Stephen J - - 2003
5alpha-Androst-1-ene-3beta,17beta-diol (1) was detected in extracts from fat of Sus scrofa L. (pig) by comparison with the commercially available synthetic compound, using gas chromatography-mass spectrometry. This observation is unprecedented because 1 is currently sold as a nutritional supplement, yet has not been previously reported as naturally occurring in the food ...
Hernando Alberto - - 2003
A procedure for determining small quantities of gliadins by matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization time-of-flight mass spectrometry (MALDI-TOFMS) in gluten-free foods containing relatively large amounts of prolamin proteins from maize or rice is described. We report for the first time that gliadins, the ethanol-soluble wheat prolamin fraction, can be quantitatively solubilized in ...
Fasina Yewande O - - 2003
Availability of gram quantities of purified soybean lectin (SBL) to scientists will foster discovery of novel biomedical applications of the lectin and provide the opportunity to investigate the antinutritional effects of SBL in soybean-consuming food animals and poultry. Therefore, a semi-pilot-scale procedure for isolating and purifying SBL was designed. Defatted ...
Panfili Gianfranco - - 2003
The eight vitamers of vitamin E (alpha-, beta-, gamma-, and delta-tocopherols and -tocotrienols) have different antioxidant and biological activities and have different distributions in foods. Some cereals, especially oat, rye, and barley, are good sources of tocotrienols. A fast procedure for the determination of tocopherols and tocotrienols (tocols) in cereal ...
Su Chung-Ren - - 2003
Chemical investigation on the stem and root bark of Acronychia pedunculata has resulted in the isolation of five new acetophenones, namely, acronyculatins A (1), B (2), C (3), D (4), and E (5). The structures of these metabolites were established on the basis of their 1D and 2D NMR spectroscopic ...
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