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Tordesillas Leticia - - 2014
Sensitization to foods often occurs in infancy, without a known prior oral exposure, suggesting that alternative exposure routes contribute to food allergy. Here, we tested the hypothesis that peanut proteins activate innate immune pathways in the skin that promote sensitization. We exposed mice to peanut protein extract on undamaged areas ...
Wu Ya-Jung YJ Department of Food Technology and Marketing Management, Taipei College of Maritime Technology, Taipei, - - 2014
A food poisoning incident due to ingestion of unknown octopus occurred in Taipei in December, 2010. The serum and urine from victims (male 38 and 43 years old) were collected, determined the toxicity, and identified tetrodotoxin (TTX) by high-performance liquid chromatography with tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS). It was found that ...
Manam Seshi S aSt John's Institute of Dermatology bGuy's and St Thomas' Hospital NHS Foundation Trust and King's College cDepartment of Adult Allergy, Guy's and St Thomas' Hospital NHS Foundation Trust and King's College London, London, - - 2014
We conducted a systematic literature search for studies investigating the link between atopic dermatitis and food sensitization or clinically significant allergy (FA) in adults, to assess the strength of the association between the two diseases in both general and selected populations. Around 10% of adults with FA have concomitant atopic ...
Tomczak A A 1General Staff of the Polish Armed Forces, Department of Physical Education and Sport, Warsaw, Poland 2Military aInstitute of Hygiene and Epidemiology, Department of Hygiene and Physiology, Warsaw, Poland 3Faculty of Physical Education and Sport in Biala Podlaska, Poland 4Military Institute of Medicine, Department of Infection Diseases and Allergology Warsaw, - - 2014
Despite suspension of conscription in Polish Army trainings of soldiers are still carried out. It is expected that they will be effective and will contribute to obtaining optimum level of psychophysical efficiency that enables fulfillment of military tasks.Total of 60 soldiers took part in the study. During the 9-month military ...
Lifschitz Carlos C Hospital Italiano de Buenos Aires, Buenos Aires, Argentina, - - 2014
This review summarizes current evidence and recommendations regarding cow's milk allergy (CMA), the most common food allergy in young children, for the primary and secondary care providers. The diagnostic approach includes performing a medical history, physical examination, diagnostic elimination diets, skin prick tests, specific IgE measurements, and oral food challenges. ...
Wang Julie J Jaffe Food Allergy Institute, Division of Pediatric Allergy and Immunology, Kravis Children's Hospital, Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai, New York, New York, - - 2014
Studies show that anaphylaxis is under-recognized and epinephrine (adrenaline) is under-used by medical personnel as well as patients and their families. This study assesses the knowledge of food-induced anaphylaxis diagnosis and management across different populations of providers and caregivers and other interested respondents. An online survey embedded in a case ...
Baigrie Bruce D BD DST/NRF Centre of Excellence, Percy FitzPatrick Institute, University of Cape Town, Rondebosch 7701, South Africa - - 2014
Interspecific communication is common in nature, particularly between mutualists. However, whether signals evolved for communication with other species, or are in fact conspecific signals eavesdropped upon by partners, is often unclear. Fork-tailed drongos (Dicrurus adsimilis) associate with mixed-species groups and often produce true alarms at predators, whereupon associating species flee ...
Gerding Johannes J Institute of Food Chemistry, Westfälische Wilhelms-Universität Münster, Corrensstraße 45, 48149, Münster, Germany; NRW Graduate School of Chemistry, Wilhelm-Klemm-Str. 10, 48149, Münster, - - 2014
In this study the exposure of a German population (n = 101) to mycotoxins was assessed using a LC-MS/MS urinary multibiomarker approach. Food consumption of the participants was documented with a food frequency questionnaire to correlate mycotoxin exposure with individual nutritional habits. The presence of 23 urinary biomarkers including trichothecenes ...
Schoos Ann-Marie M AM Copenhagen Prospective Studies on Asthma in Childhood, Copenhagen University Hospital, Gentofte, - - 2014
Skin prick test (SPT) and measurement of serum specific IgE (sIgE) are important tools for the clinician to diagnose allergic sensitization. However, little is known about the agreement between the two methods in young children. SPT and sIgE levels were assessed simultaneously for 16 common inhalant and food allergens at ...
Gray Claudia L CL Division of Allergology, Red Cross War Memorial Children's Hospital, Cape - - 2014
The prevalence of food allergy in South Africa is unknown, but previously thought to be rare in black South Africans. This study aimed to determine the prevalence of, and risk factors for, IgE-mediated food allergy in South African children with atopic dermatitis (AD). This was a prospective, observational study in ...
Storey Maureen M Alliance for Potato Research and Education, McLean, VA, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
Grains, fruits, and vegetables are the primary sources of dietary fiber (DF), with the white potato contributing nearly 7% of the DF to the US food supply. The DF composition of the white potato-with or without the skin and regardless of cooking method-compares well with the DF content of other ...
Li Mei M Institut de Génétique et de Biologie Moléculaire et Cellulaire CNRS UMR7104-INSERM U964-UDS, Illkirch, France. Institute for Advanced Study, University of Strasbourg, Strasbourg, France. Freiburg Institute for Advanced Studies, Albert-Ludwigs-Universität Freiburg, Freiburg, Germany. Institut de Génétique et de Biologie Moléculaire et Cellulaire CNRS UMR7104-INSERM U964-UDS, Illkirch, France. Institute for Advanced Study, University of Strasbourg, Strasbourg, France. Freiburg Institute for Advanced Studies, Albert-Ludwigs-Universität Freiburg, Freiburg, Germany. Institut de Génétique et de Biologie Moléculaire et Cellulaire CNRS UMR7104-INSERM U964-UDS, Illkirch, France. Institute for Advanced Study, University of Strasbourg, Strasbourg, France. Freiburg Institute for Advanced Studies, Albert-Ludwigs-Universität Freiburg, Freiburg, Germany. - - 2014
It has long been observed that the development of asthma, allergic rhinitis and food allergy are frequently preceded by atopic dermatitis, a phenomenon known as the "atopic march". Clinical, genetic and experimental studies have supported the fact that atopic dermatitis could be the initial step of the atopic march, leading ...
Stelmach Iwona I Department of Pediatrics and Allergy, Medical University of Lodz, Lodz, - - 2014
A global assessment of allergic diseases and prenatal and postnatal exposure to various environmental risk factors is needed to enable early prevention of allergic diseases. This study was designed to evaluate an inner-city urban birth cohort to identify early environmental factors associated with atopic dermatitis and food allergy, as well ...
Celakovská Jarmila J Department of Dermatology and Venereology, Medical Faculty of Charles University, Hradec Králové, Czech - - 2014
A few reports demonstrate the comorbidity of food allergy and allergic march in adult patients. To evaluate, if there is some relation in atopic dermatitis patients at the age 14 years and older who suffer from food allergy to common food allergens to other allergic diseases and parameters as bronchial ...
Venkataraman Devasmitha D University of Southampton, Faculty of Medicine, Southampton, United Kingdom; James Cook University Hospital, - - 2014
Filaggrin is an epidermal protein that has a role in skin barrier function. Filaggrin loss-of-function (FLG-LOF) mutations are a significant risk factor for eczema and atopy, but their association with food allergy (FA) is less clear. We explored the longitudinal relationship between 3 common FLG-LOF mutations and FA using the ...
Harris Gareth G Department of Organismic and Evolutionary Biology, Center for Brain Science, Harvard University, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02138, - - 2014
Food is critical for survival. Many animals, including the nematode Caenorhabditis elegans, use sensorimotor systems to detect and locate preferred food sources. However, the signaling mechanisms underlying food-choice behaviors are poorly understood. Here, we characterize the molecular signaling that regulates recognition and preference between different food odors in C. elegans. ...
Lichtenberg Elinor M EM Division of Biological Sciences, University of California, San Diego, 9500 Gilman Dr. #0116, La Jolla, CA 92093-0116, USA; Present address: Department of Entomology, Washington State University, PO Box 646382, Pullman, WA 99164-6382, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
Animal communication signals generally evolve to become increasingly conspicuous for intended receivers [1]. However, such conspicuous signals are also more susceptible to eavesdropping, i.e. exploitation by unintended receivers [2]. It is typically thought that eavesdroppers harm signalers and select against conspicuous signals [3]. But, if signal conspicuousness deters eavesdroppers by ...
Alhadeff Amber L AL University of Pennsylvania - - 2014
Central glucagon-like peptide-1 receptor (GLP-1R) signaling reduces food intake by affecting a variety of neural processes including those mediating satiation, motivation, and reward. While the literature suggests that separable neurons and circuits control these processes, this notion has not been adequately investigated. The feeding inhibitory effects of GLP-1R signaling in ...
Marchiori David D Department of Clinical and Health Psychology, Utrecht University. Electronic address: - - 2014
People consistently over-eat when served a large compared to a small (appropriate) portion of food. However, the mechanism underlying this so-called portion size effect is not well understood. We argue that the process of anchoring and adjustment naturally describes this effect, such that the size of a presented portion works ...
Herbert Beate M BM Health Psychology, Institute of Psychology, University of Ulm, Germany. Electronic address: - - 2014
Perceiving internal signals of hunger and satiety is related to the regulation of food intake. Recent data suggest that interoception (perception of bodily signals) and interoceptive sensitivity (sensitivity for internal signals) might be a crucial variable for the regulation of behavior associated with feelings of satiety. It is yet unclear ...
Urquhart-Cronish Mackenzie M Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, University of Toronto, Toronto, ON, Canada M5S - - 2014
Life history consequences of stress in early life are varied and known to have lasting impacts on the fitness of an organism. Gene-environment interactions play a large role in how phenotypic differences are mediated by stressful conditions during development. Here we use natural allelic 'rover/sitter' variants of the foraging (for) ...
Schindler Adam J AJ Department of Biology, Duke University, Durham, North Carolina, United States of - - 2014
Organisms in the wild develop with varying food availability. During periods of nutritional scarcity, development may slow or arrest until conditions improve. The ability to modulate developmental programs in response to poor nutritional conditions requires a means of sensing the changing nutritional environment and limiting tissue growth. The mechanisms by ...
Flower Tom P TP Department of Science and Technology/National Research Foundation Centre of Excellence at the Percy FitzPatrick Institute, University of Cape Town, Rondebosch 7701, South - - 2014
Deception is common in nature, but victims of deception discriminate against and ultimately ignore deceptive signals when they are produced too frequently. Flexible variation of signals could allow evasion of such constraints. Fork-tailed drongos (Dicrurus adsimilis) use false alarm calls to scare other species away from food that they then ...
Thiéry D D INRA, ISVV, UMR 1065 Santé et Agroécologie du Vignoble, F-33883 Villenave d'Ornon, - - 2014
Effective pest management with lower amounts of pesticides relies on accurate prediction of insect pest growth rates. Knowledge of the factors governing this trait and the resulting fitness of individuals is thus necessary to refine predictions and make suitable decisions in crop protection. The European grapevine moth, Lobesia botrana, the ...
Deshpande Sonali A SA 1] Department of Metabolism and Aging, The Scripps Research Institute, Jupiter, Florida, USA. - - 2014
Food intake is a fundamental parameter in animal studies. Despite the prevalent use of Drosophila in laboratory research, precise measurements of food intake remain challenging in this model organism. Here, we compare several common Drosophila feeding assays: the capillary feeder (CAFE), food labeling with a radioactive tracer or colorimetric dye ...
Zentall Thomas R TR University of Kentucky, United States. Electronic address: - - 2014
Human gambling often involves the choice of a low probability but high valued outcome over a high probability (certain) low valued outcome (not gambling) that is economically more optimal. We have developed an analog of gambling in which pigeons prefer a suboptimal alternative that infrequently provides a signal for a ...
Smith Craig M CM The Florey Institute of Neuroscience and Mental Health, The University of Melbourne, Victoria, Australia; Florey Department of Neuroscience and Mental Health, The University of Melbourne, Victoria, - - 2014
Behavioural arousal in mammals is regulated by various interacting central monoamine- and peptide- neurotransmitter/receptor systems, which function to maintain awake, alert and active states required for performance of goal-directed activities essential for survival, including food seeking. Existing anatomical and functional evidence suggests the highly-conserved neuropeptide, relaxin-3, which signals via its ...
Weltens N N Translational Research Centre for Gastrointestinal Disorders (TARGID), Department of Clinical & Experimental Medicine, University of Leuven, Leuven, - - 2014
Food in general, and fatty foods in particular, have obtained intrinsic reward value throughout evolution. This reward value results from an interaction between exteroceptive signals from different sensory modalities, interoceptive hunger/satiety signals from the gastrointestinal tract to the brain, as well as ongoing affective and cognitive processes. Further evidence linking ...
Anderberg Rozita H RH Department of Physiology, Institute of Neuroscience and Physiology, The Sahlgrenska Academy at the University of Gothenburg, - - 2014
Mesolimbic dopamine plays a critical role in food-related reward processing and learning. The literature focuses primarily on the nucleus accumbens as the key dopaminergic target in which enhanced dopamine signaling is associated with reward. Here, we demonstrate a novel neurobiological mechanism by which dopamine transmission in the amygdala regulates food ...
Maurin Anne-Catherine AC UMR 1019 Nutrition Humaine, INRA, Université Clermont 1, Centre de Clermont-Ferrand-Theix, 63122 Saint Genès Champanelle, - - 2014
The reversible phosphorylation of the α subunit of eukaryotic initiation factor 2 (eIF2α) is a highly conserved signal implicated in the cellular adaptation to numerous stresses such as the one caused by amino acid limitation. In response to dietary amino acid deficiency, the brain-specific activation of the eIF2α kinase GCN2 ...
Craig Andrew R AR West Virginia - - 2014
The effects of intermittent schedules of reinforcement for pausing were evaluated in two experiments. In Experiment 1, across a series of conditions, a variable-interval (VI) baseline schedule, in which pigeons' key pecks produced food, alternated with conditions in which food was delivered according to a concurrent VI (for key pecking) ...
Abed-Vieillard Dehbia D Centre des Sciences du Goût et de l'Alimentation, UMR 6265 CNRS, UMR 1324 INRA, Université de Bourgogne, Dijon, 6, Bd Gabriel, F-21000 Dijon, - - 2014
Food choice and preference relies on multiple sensory systems that are under the control of genes and sensory experience. Exposure to specific nutrients and nutrient-related molecules can change food preference in vertebrates and invertebrates. For example, larval exposure of several holometabolous insects to menthol can change their adult response to ...
Chisada Shin-ichi - - 2014
The first studies that identified leptin and its receptor (LepR) in mammals were based on mutant animals that displayed dramatic changes in body-weight and regulation of energy homeostasis. Subsequent studies have shown that a deficiency of leptin or LepR in homoeothermic mammals results in hyperphagia, obesity, infertility and a number ...
Johnson Haley H Biology Department, University of Jamestown, Jamestown, North Dakota, United States of - - 2014
In animals with complex life cycles, all resources needed to form adult tissues are procured at the larval stage. For butterflies, the proper development of wings involves synthesizing tissue during metamorphosis based on the raw materials obtained by larvae. Similarly, manufacture of pigment for wing scales also requires resources acquired ...
Farine Jean-Pierre JP Centre des Sciences du Goût et de l'Alimentation, UMR6265 CNRS, UMR1324 INRA, Université de Bourgogne, , 6 Boulevard Gabriel, Dijon 21000, - - 2014
Insects use chemosensory cues to feed and mate. In Drosophila, the effect of pheromones has been extensively investigated in adults, but rarely in larvae. The colonization of natural food sources by Drosophila buzzatii and Drosophila simulans species may depend on species-specific chemical cues left in the food by larvae and ...
Diaz Sylvia Anaid - - 2014
Animals use environmental information to make developmental decisions to maximise their fitness. The nematode Caenorhabditis elegans measures its environment to decide between arresting development as dauer larvae or continuing to grow and reproduce. Worms are thought to use ascarosides as signals of population density and this signalling is thought to ...
Ro Jennifer J Cellular and Molecular Biology Program, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan, United States of - - 2014
We present a complete hardware and software system for collecting and quantifying continuous measures of feeding behaviors in the fruit fly, Drosophila melanogaster. The FLIC (Fly Liquid-Food Interaction Counter) detects analog electronic signals as brief as 50 µs that occur when a fly makes physical contact with liquid food. Signal ...
Itskov Pavel M PM Champalimaud Neuroscience Programme, Champalimaud Centre for the Unknown, 1400-038 Lisbon, - - 2014
Food ingestion is one of the defining behaviours of all animals, but its quantification and analysis remain challenging. This is especially the case for feeding behaviour in small, genetically tractable animals such as Drosophila melanogaster. Here, we present a method based on capacitive measurements, which allows the detailed, automated and ...
Chan Chin-Feng CF Department of Applied Cosmetology and Master Program of Cosmetic Science, Hungkuang University, Taichung 43302, Taiwan. - - 2014
Fermented broth has a long history of applications in the food, pharmaceutical and cosmetic industries. Recently, the use of fermented broth in skin care products is in ascendance. This review investigates the efficacy of fermented broth in inhibiting tyrosinase and melanogenesis. Possible active ingredients and hypopigmentation mechanisms of fermented broth ...
Deckersbach T T Division of Neurotherapeutics, Department of Psychiatry, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA, - - 2014
Obesity is associated with hyperactivation of the reward system for high-calorie (HC) versus low-calorie (LC) food cues, which encourages unhealthy food selection and overeating. However, the extent to which this hyperactivation can be reversed is uncertain, and to date there has been no demonstration of changes by behavioral intervention. We ...
Hormann Annette M AM Division of Biological Sciences, University of Missouri, Columbia, Missouri, United States of - - 2014
Bisphenol A (BPA) is an endocrine disrupting environmental contaminant used in a wide variety of products, and BPA metabolites are found in almost everyone's urine, suggesting widespread exposure from multiple sources. Regulatory agencies estimate that virtually all BPA exposure is from food and beverage packaging. However, free BPA is applied ...
Yu Na N Department of Crop Protection, Faculty of Bioscience Engineering, Ghent University, 9000 Ghent, - - 2013
Insects acquire essential nutrients from their food to support a diverse range of biological processes such as development and reproduction. An important role in the food intake regulation is attributed to the neurohormone sulfakinin signaling pathway. Sulfakinins (SKs) elicit satiety together with sulfakinin receptors (SKRs). In this project, the gene ...
Rice Nathaniel - - 2013
Previous research has shown rapid learning of multiple temporal relations between signals and food by pigeons when these relations are changed unpredictably each session (Kyonka & Grace, 2007). The goal of the present study was to test whether contextual temporal cues-that is, an alternative signal-food delay that was a valid ...
Riffell Jeffrey A JA Department of Biology, University of Washington, Seattle, WA 98195, USA. Electronic address: - - 2013
A new study reveals how Drosophila uses their sense of smell to decide on where to lay their eggs. These results have exciting implications for the evolution of fruit preference and parasitoid avoidance in fruit flies.
Durisko Zachary - - 2013
We investigated whether adult fruit flies (Drosophila melanogaster) use cues of larvae as social information in their food patch choice decisions. Adult male and female fruit flies showed attraction to odours emanating from foraging larvae, and females preferred to lay eggs on food patches occupied by larvae over similar unoccupied ...
Zentall Thomas R - - 2013
Human gambling often involves the choice of a low probability but high valued outcome over a high probability (certain) low valued outcome (not gambling) that is economically more optimal. We have developed an analog of gambling in which pigeons prefer a suboptimal alternative that infrequently provides a signal for a ...
Busscher Nicolaas - - 2013
How can food quality influence pattern of cucl2 crystals?
Wang Hong-Tao - - 2013
Arcuate nucleus of hypothalamus (ARH) is the core component in the regulation circuits of food intake and energy homeostasis. ARH projections to other parts of the hypothalamus and to extrahypothalamic areas are established in the postnatal two weeks, which is a pivotal stage for individual development. β-catenin, a cell adhesion ...
Williams Michael J - - 2013
Exposure to bisphenol A (BPA) in rodents was shown to induce obesity, yet the mechanism by which BPA might induce obesity is still unclear. We employed the genetically tractable model organism, Drosophila melanogaster, to test the effects of raising them on food containing various concentrations of BPA. Of note, raising ...
Chisada Shin-Ichi SI Aquatic Animal Health Division, National Research Institute of Aquaculture, Fisheries Research Agency, 224-1 Hiruta, Tamaki, Mie, 519-0423, Japan. Electronic address: - - 2013
The first studies that identified leptin and its receptor (LepR) in mammals were based on mutant animals that displayed dramatic changes in body-weight and regulation of energy homeostasis. Subsequent studies have shown that a deficiency of leptin or LepR in homoeothermic mammals results in hyperphagia, obesity, infertility and a number ...
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