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Rossi Franca F Dipartimento di Biotecnologie, Università degli Studi di Verona, Strada le Grazie 15, 37134 Verona, - - 2014
The possibility of horizontal gene transfer (HGT) among microorganisms in food matrices has been specifically targeted in a few investigations, though most current knowledge has been obtained indirectly or derived from genome sequence analyses. In this review, we have assembled reported examples of the HGT events that probably occurred in ...
Tokuda Gaku G Tropical Biosphere Research Center, COMB, University of the Ryukyus, Nishihara, Okinawa 903-0213, - - 2014
Termites consume an estimated 3-7 billion tonnes of lignocellulose annually, a role in nature which is unique for a single order of invertebrates. Their food is digested with the help of microbial symbionts, a relationship that has been recognized for 200 years and actively researched for at least a century. ...
Friedman Mendel M Western Regional Research Center, Agricultural Research Service , U.S. Department of Agriculture, Albany, California 94710, United - - 2014
Aromatic plants produce organic compounds that may be involved in the defense of plants against phytopathogenic insects, bacteria, fungi, and viruses. One of these compounds, called carvacrol, which is found in high concentrations in essential oils such as oregano, has been reported to exhibit numerous bioactivities in cells and animals. ...
Zhang Jiran J Key Laboratory of Industrial Biotechnology, Ministry of Education, School of Biotechnology, Jiangnan University, Wuxi, 214122, China; Synergetic Innovation Center of Food Safety and - - 2014
Ethyl carbamate (EC) is a group 2A carcinogen generated from a few precursors in many fermented foods and alcoholic beverages. Citrulline, urea, carbamoyl phosphate and ethanol are common precursors detected in fermented foods. In this study, citrulline was proved to be the main EC precursor in soy sauce, which was ...
Dijkstra S C SC Department of Health Sciences and the EMGO Institute for Health and Care Research, Faculty of Earth and Life Sciences, VU University Amsterdam, the Netherlands. Electronic address: - - 2014
In this study we investigated (the degree of) misperception of adherence to the fruit, vegetable and fish guidelines in older Dutch adults and examined to what extent misperception is associated with socio-economic position (SEP) and other demographic, lifestyle and nutrition-related characteristics. The sample included 1,057 community dwelling adults, aged 55-85 ...
Rossi Guilherme Duarte GD Lab de Interações em Insetos, Depto de Entomologia & Acarologia, Escola Superior de Agricultura "Luiz de Queiroz," Univ de São Paulo (ESALQ/USP), Piracicaba, SP, Brasil; Depto de Fitossanidade, Faculdade de Ciências Agrárias e Veterinárias, Universidade Estadual Paulista "Julio de Mesquita Filho" (FCAV/UNESP), Jaboticabal, SP, - - 2014
Parasitoids exploit host insects for food and other resources; they alter host development and physiology to optimize conditions to favor parasitoid development. Parasitoids influence their hosts by injecting eggs, along with a variety of substances, including venoms, polydnaviruses, ovarian fluids, and other maternal factors, into hosts. These factors induce profound ...
Nguyen Uyen T UT Department of Biochemistry and Biomedical Sciences and the Michael G. DeGroote Institute for Infectious Diseases Research, McMaster University, Hamilton, ON, - - 2014
Current sanitation methods in the food industry are not always sufficient for prevention or dispersal of Listeria monocytogenes biofilms. Here, we determined if prevention of adherence or dispersal of existing biofilms could occur if biofilm matrix components were disrupted enzymatically. Addition of DNase during biofilm formation reduced attachment (<50% of ...
Ahmed Asif A School of Biomedical Sciences, Faculty of Biological Sciences, University of Leeds, Leeds, United Kingdom - - 2014
Bacterial pathogens are important targets for detection and identification in medicine, food safety, public health, and security. Bacterial infection is a common cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide. In spite of the availability of antibiotics, these infections are often misdiagnosed or there is an unacceptable delay in diagnosis. Current methods ...
Agarwal Vinayak V 1] Center for Oceans and Human Health, Scripps Institution of Oceanography, University of California-San Diego, La Jolla, California, USA. - - 2014
Polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs) and polybrominated bipyrroles are natural products that bioaccumulate in the marine food chain. PBDEs have attracted widespread attention because of their persistence in the environment and potential toxicity to humans. However, the natural origins of PBDE biosynthesis are not known. Here we report marine bacteria as ...
Chen Zhongyi - - 2014
Metabolic disorders, including obesity, diabetes, and cardiovascular disease, are widespread in Westernized nations. Gut microbiota composition is a contributing factor to the susceptibility of an individual to the development of these disorders; therefore, altering a person's microbiota may ameliorate disease. One potential microbiome-altering strategy is the incorporation of modified bacteria ...
Huang Yukun Y State Key Laboratory of Food Science and Technology, Synergetic Innovation Center of Food Safety and Nutrition, School of Food Science and Technology, Jiangnan University, Wuxi 214122, - - 2015
Enterotoxins from pathogenic bacteria are known as the main reason that can cause the bacterial foodborne diseases. In this study, aptamers that bound to Staphylococcus aureus enterotoxin C1 (SEC1) with high affinity and selectivity were generated in vitro by twelve rounds of selection based on magnetic separation technology, with a ...
Egea A Vanina AV Instituto Argentino de Investigaciones de las Zonas Áridas (IADIZA), Mendoza, - - 2014
Gastrointestinal helminths challenge ruminants in ways that reduce their fitness. In turn, ruminants have evolved physiological and behavioral adaptations that counteract this challenge. For instance, emerging behavioral evidence suggests ruminants self-select medicinal compounds and foods that reduce parasitic burdens. However, the mechanism/s leading to self-medicative behaviors in sick animals is ...
Teh Amy Huei Teen AH School of Science, Monash University, Bandar Sunway, Selangor, - - 2014
Campylobacter jejuni is one of the most frequent causes of bacterial gastrointestinal foodborne infection worldwide. This species is part of the normal flora of the gastrointestinal tract of animals used for food production, including poultry which is regarded as the primary source of human Campylobacter infections. The survival and persistence ...
Fleurot Isabelle I INRA, UMR 1319 Micalis, AgroParisTech, Jouy-en-Josas, France - - 2014
Human intoxication or infection due to bacterial food contamination constitutes an economic challenge and a public health problem. Information on the in situ distribution and expression of pathogens responsible for this risk is to date lacking, largely due to technical bottlenecks in detecting signals from minority bacterial populations within a ...
Luong Lien T LT Center for Infectious Disease Dynamics, Department of Biology, 208 Mueller Laboratory, The Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA 16802, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
Many complex life cycle parasites rely on predator-prey interactions for transmission, whereby definitive hosts become infected via the consumption of an infected intermediate host. As such, these trophic parasites are embedded in the larger community food web. We postulated that exposure to infection and, hence, parasite transmission are inherently linked ...
Assaf A A University of Nantes, UMR CNRS GEPEA 6144, CBAC, 18 Boulevard Gaston Defferre, CS50020, 85035, Nantes, La Roche sur Yon, - - 2014
Food safety is a major concern for suppliers in the food chain to ensure the safety of their products. The identification procedure requested by norms is tedious, and it often requires systematic controls and qualified staff to perform the necessary analyses. Raman spectroscopy offers new opportunities to rapidly and efficiently ...
Lee Fredrick J FJ Department of Biology, Indiana University, Bloomington, - - 2014
The honey bee, the world's most important agricultural pollinator, relies exclusively on plant-derived foods for nutrition. Nectar and pollen collected by honey bees are processed and matured within the nest through the activities of honey bee-derived microbes and enzymes. In order to better understand the contribution of the microbial community ...
- - 2014
The Food and Drug Administration (FDA or Agency) is issuing a regulation to establish a list of "qualifying pathogens'' that have the potential to pose a serious threat to public health. This final rule implements a provision of the Generating Antibiotic Incentives Now (GAIN) title of the Food and Drug ...
Zhang Hongmei H Department Biological Engineering, Guangdong University of Technology, Guangzhou Higher Education Mega Center100, Guangzhou 510006, People's Republic of China. - - 2014
Biofilms are significant hazards in the food industry. In this study, we investigated the effects of food additive such as citral, cinnamaldehyde, and tea polyphenols on mixed biofilm formation by foodborne Staphylococcus aureus and Salmonella serotype Enteritidis. The adhesion rates of mixed strains in sub-MIC of additives were determined by ...
Lingbeck Jody M JM Sea Star International LLC, 2138 East Revere Place, Fayetteville, Arkansas 72701, - - 2014
Condensed smoke or liquid smoke (LS) and lauric arginate (LAE) are antimicrobials used in food preservation. They have demonstrated abilities to reduce or inhibit pathogenic and spoilage organisms. Few studies, however, have reported on the effectiveness of LS or LAE over the range of temperatures typically encountered in food marketing ...
Wenning Mareike M Abteilung Mikrobiologie, Zentralinstitut für Ernährungs- und Lebensmittelforschung (ZIEL), Technische Universität München, Weihenstephaner Berg 3, 85350 Freising, Germany. Electronic address: - - 2014
The food industry requires easy, accurate, and cost-effective techniques for microbial identification to ensure safe products and identify microbial contaminations. In this work, FTIR spectroscopy and MALDI-TOF mass spectrometry were assessed for their suitability and applicability for routine microbial diagnostics of food-related microorganisms by analyzing their robustness according to changes ...
Huang Aihua A Tianjin Key Laboratory of Risk Assessment and Control Technology for Environment and Food Safety, Institute of Health and Environmental Medicine, Tianjin, 300050, P. R. China; Logistics College of Chinese People's Armed Police Forces, Tianjin, 300162, P. R. - - 2014
Bacterial pathogens are mostly responsible for food-borne diseases, and there is still substantial room for improvement in the effective detection of these organisms. In the present study, we explored a new method to detect target pathogens easily and rapidly with high sensitivity and specificity. This method uses an oligonucleotide microarray ...
Aminlari Ladan L Dept. of Food Hygiene and Public Health, School of Veterinary Medicine, Shiraz Univ, Shiraz, - - 2014
In recent years much attention and interest have been directed toward application of natural antimicrobial agents in foods. Some naturally occurring proteins such as lactoperoxidase, lactoferrin, and lysozyme have received considerable attention and are being considered as potential antimicrobial agents in foods. Lysozyme kills bacteria by hydrolyzing the peptidoglycan layer ...
Khandelwal Mudrika M Dept. of Materials Science and Metallurgy, University of Cambridge, UK CB23QZ. Electronic address: - - 2014
The organisation of poly-glucan chains into cellulose macromolecular microfibrils has been studied using small angle x-ray scattering (SAXS). Three kinds of cellulose-bacterial cellulose (BC), nata-de-coco (NdC) (food grade bacterial cellulose) and tunicate cellulose (TC) have been investigated. Given the large ambiguity in literature on the microfibril dimensions owing to different ...
Ozen Asli Emine AE 1 Department of Nutrition and Dietetics, Faculty of Health Sciences, Near East University, TRNC, Mersin, - - 2014
To assess differences in adherence to the Mediterranean diet (MD) between consumers and non-consumers of functional foods among the Balearic Islands' adolescent population. Cross-sectional nutritional survey carried out (2007-2008) in the Balearic Islands, a Mediterranean region. Dietary assessment was based on a semi-quantitative FFQ and two non-consecutive 24 h recalls. ...
Kim Seongmi - - 2014
Because foodborne illnesses continuously threaten public health, rapid and sensitive detection of pathogens in food has become an important issue. Against time-consuming and laborious conventional detection methods, recombinant reporter phages have been developed as an alternative method. Here, we developed an advanced bioluminescent reporter phage SPC32H-CDABE by inserting a bacterial ...
Martinez Homero H RAND Corporation, 1776 Main St., Santa Monica, CA, 90401, USA, - - 2014
Food insecurity and malnutrition negatively affect adherence to antiretroviral therapy (ART) and are associated with poor HIV clinical outcomes. We examined the effect of providing household food assistance and nutrition education on ART adherence. A 12-month prospective clinical trial compared the effect of a monthly household food basket (FB) plus ...
Arthur Karen E - - 2014
Plants, bacteria, and fungi produce essential amino acids (EAAs) with distinctive patterns of delta13C values that can be used as naturally occurring fingerprints of biosynthetic origin of EAAs in a food web. Because animals cannot synthesize EAAs and must obtain them from food, their tissues reflect delta13C(EAA) patterns found in ...
Gouws Pieter P Department of Food Science, University of Stellenbosch, South - - 2014
This review discusses the influence of processing on the microbial risk associated with Salmonella in Rooibos tea, the identification of Salmonella and preventative and control measures to control microbial contamination. Rooibos tea, like other plant products, naturally contains a high microbial load. Downstream processing steps of these products usually help ...
Cao Severine S Department of Pathology and Committee on Immunology, The University of Chicago, 924 East 57th Street, JFK R120, Chicago, IL 60637, United - - 2014
The prevalence of life-threatening anaphylactic responses to food is rising at an alarming rate. The emerging role of the gut microbiota in regulating food allergen sensitization may help explain this trend. The mechanisms by which commensal bacteria influence sensitization to dietary antigens are only beginning to be explored. We have ...
Aragón-Martínez Arianna A 1  División Académica de Ciencias Biológicas, Universidad Juárez Autónoma de Tabasco, Km. 0.5 Carretera Villahermosa-Cárdenas, entronque a Bosques de Saloya, Villahermosa, Tabasco, 86039, - - 2014
Abstract Factors that alter the dynamics of ecologic systems can influence transmission of infectious diseases and may lead to decreases in natural populations. Leptospirosis is a cosmopolitan disease of zoonotic importance that affects most mammals. At the southern Gulf of Mexico, Antillean manatees (Trichechus manatus manatus) inhabit highly variable environments, ...
Kuhns Emily H EH Citrus Research and Education Center, Department of Entomology and Nematology, University of Florida, Lake Alfred, FL, 33850, - - 2014
The redbay ambrosia beetle, Xyleborus glabratus, is an invasive wood-boring beetle that has become established in the southeastern United States. The beetle transmits the causal pathogen of lethal laurel wilt to susceptible host trees, which include redbay, an important forest community species, and avocado, a valuable food crop. By examining ...
Abdallah Marwan M Laboratoire de Procédés Biologiques, Génie Enzymatique et Microbien (ProBioGEM), IUT A/Polytech'Lille, Université de Lille1-Science et Technologies, Avenue Paul Langevin, 59655, Villeneuve d'Ascq Cedex, - - 2014
The biofilm formation on abiotic surfaces in food and medical sectors constitutes a great public health concerns. In fact, biofilms present a persistent source for pathogens, such as Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Staphylococcus aureus, which lead to severe infections such as foodborne and nosocomial infections. Such biofilms are also a source ...
Gopinath Subash C B SC Advanced Medical & Dental Institute (AMDI), Universiti Sains Malaysia, 13200 Bertam, Kepala Batas, Penang, Malaysia; Department of Oral Biology & Biomedical Sciences and OCRCC, Faculty of Dentistry, University of Malaya, 50603 Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. Electronic address: - - 2014
The ubiquitous nature of bacteria enables them to survive in a wide variety of environments. Hence, the rise of various pathogenic species that are harmful to human health raises the need for the development of accurate sensing systems. Sensing systems are necessary for diagnosis and epidemiological control of pathogenic organism, ...
Venu Isvarya I Animal Behaviour Group, Department of Psychology, Neuroscience and Behaviour, McMaster University, 1280 Main Street West, Hamilton, ON L8S 4K1, - - 2014
Larval and adult fruit flies are attracted to volatiles emanating from food substrates that have been occupied by larvae. We tested whether such volatiles are emitted by the larval gut bacteria by conducting tests under bacteria-free (axenic) conditions. We also tested attraction to two bacteria species, Lactobacillus brevis, which we ...
Skjerdal Taran T Norwegian Veterinary Institute, Section of Bacteriology - Food and GMO, Postbox Sentrum 750, N-0106 Oslo, Norway. Electronic address: - - 2014
Raw salmon is commonly used in sushi and sashimi, indicating that fresh salmon may be considered as a ready-to-eat product. Listeria monocytogenes is occasionally present in fresh salmon, but studies of prevalence and growth of the bacterium in this matrix have been few. In the present study, salmon from a ...
Staib Lena L ZIEL, Abteilung Mikrobiologie, TU München, - - 2014
Upon entering the human gastrointestinal tract, foodborne bacterial enteropathogens encounter, among numerous other stress conditions, nutrient competition with the host organism and the commensal microbiota. The main carbon-, nitrogen- and energy sources exploited by pathogens during proliferation in and colonization of the gut, however, have not been identified completely. During ...
Eckert Ester M EM Limnological Station, Institute of Plant Biology, University of Zurich, Kilchberg, - - 2014
The identification of interacting species and elucidation of their mode of interaction may be crucial to understand ecosystem-level processes. We analysed the activity and identity of bacterial epibionts in cultures of Daphnia galeata and of natural daphnid populations. Epibiotic bacteria incorporated considerable amounts of dissolved organic carbon (DOC), as estimated ...
Doijad Swapnil S 1 ICAR Research Complex for Goa , Old Goa, Goa, India - - 2014
Abstract Listeria monocytogenes is an emerging foodborne pathogen responsible for listeriosis. The incidence of listeriosis has increased during the last 2 decades due to the increase in consumption of ready-to-eat foods and change in food consumption habits. Outbreaks and sporadic cases of listeriosis have been reported in developed countries. These ...
Bunchu Nophawan - - 2014
Flies are natural carriers of pathogens and play a considerable role in the mechanical transmission of many pathogens, such as viruses, fungi, bacteria, and parasites, in various regions of the world. To investigate the existence of Toxocara spp. eggs on two types of flies, the Oriental latrine fly, Chrysomya megacephala, ...
Fox Edward M EM UCD Centre for Food Safety, School of Public Health, Physiotherapy & Population Science, University College Dublin, Belfield, Dublin 4, - - 2014
Listeria species experience complex interactions with other microorganisms, which may promote growth and colonization of the organism in local environments, or negatively affect it. This study investigated the microbial community at a food production facility, examining interactions between Listeria and the associated microbiome. Listeria species can be transferred between zones ...
Lizeng Liu L School of Science, Tianjin University of Commerce, Tianjin, PR - - 2014
Red pigments extracted from Fungus Monascus are used for food coloration in China. Wild-growing Monascus spores are usually enriched in the Yeast and Mold media in the air, but those media are also favorable for yeast and bacteria. In the paper, Monascus species have grown in retrograded maize starch lain ...
de Pee Saskia S Nutrition Advisory Office, World Food Programme, Via. G. Viola 68 Parco dei Medici, 00148, Rome, Italy, - - 2014
Socioeconomic costs of HIV and TB and the difficulty of maintaining optimal treatment are well documented. Social protection measures such as food assistance may be required to offset some of the treatment related costs as well as to ensure food security and maintain good health of the affected individual and ...
Rundell Mark S MS Department of Microbiology and Immunology, Weill Medical College of Cornell University, Box 62, New York, NY - - 2014
Enteric pathogens that cause gastroenteritis remain a major global health concern. The goal of this study was to develop a multiplex PCR/ligation detection reaction (LDR) assay for the detection of all NIAID category B bacterial food and water-borne pathogens directly from stool specimens. To validate the PCR/LDR assay, clinical isolates ...
Nogueira Patricia F M PF Universidade Federal de São Carlos, Departamento de Botânica. Rodovia Washington Luis, km 235. Caixa Postal 676, CEP 13565-905, São Carlos, S.P., Brazil. - - 2014
Cadmium (Cd) is an important industrial and toxic metal. Its fate and toxicity in the environment may be mediated by association with dissolved organic materials excreted by phytoplankton. The aim of the present study was to investigate the trophodynamics and toxicity of Cd complexed with Cylindrospermopsis raciborskii exudates in a ...
Dupuy Céline C Unité Epidémiologie, Agence nationale de sécurité sanitaire de l'alimentation, de l'environnement et du travail (ANSES), 31 avenue Tony Garnier, F-69364 Lyon Cedex 07, France; Unité d'épidémiologie animale, UR346, INRA, F-63122 St Genès Champanelle, - - 2014
Bovine cysticercosis is a foodborne disease caused by the cestode Taenia saginata with cattle as the intermediate host and humans as the final host. This disease is responsible for direct financial losses for farmers. It is also economically important because human infestation through raw or undercooked meat consumption can have ...
Albeny-Simões Daniel D Departamento de Entomologia, PPG Entomologia, Universidade Federal de Viçosa, Viçosa, MG, Brasil, - - 2014
Oviposition habitat choices of species with aquatic larvae are expected to be influenced by both offspring risk of mortality due to predation, and offspring growth potential. Aquatic predators may indirectly influence growth potential for prey by reducing prey density and, for filter-feeding prey, by increasing bacterial food for prey via ...
Gast Richard K RK Egg Safety and Quality Research Unit, Agricultural Research Service, USDA, Athens, GA - - 2014
Both epidemiologic analyses and active disease surveillance confirm an ongoing strong association between human salmonellosis and the prevalence of Salmonella enterica subspecies enterica serovar Enteritidis in commercial egg flocks. The majority of human illnesses caused by this pathogen are attributed to the consumption of contaminated eggs. Animal welfare concerns have ...
Er Buket B Department of Food Analysis, Faculty of Pharmacy, Gazi University, 06330 Ankara, - - 2014
Salmonellaspp. are widespread foodborne pathogens that contaminate egg and poultry meats. Attachment, colonization, as well as biofilm formation capacity of Salmonellaspp. on food and contact surfaces of food may cause continuous contamination. Biofilm may play a crucial role in the survival of salmonellae under unfavorable environmental conditions, such as in ...
Bonaccio M M Department of Epidemiology and Prevention, IRCCS Istituto Neurologico Mediterraneo Neuromed, Via dell'Elettronica, 86077 Pozzilli (Isernia), Italy. Electronic address: - - 2014
Adherence to Mediterranean diet (MD) is reportedly declining in the last decades. We aimed to investigate the adherence to MD over the period 2005-2010 and exploring the possible role of the global economic crisis in accounting for the changing in the dietary habits in Italy. Cross-sectional analysis in a population-based ...
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