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Moon Jin Seok JS Department of Food Science and Technology, Brain Korea 21 Center for Bio-Resource Development, Chungbuk National University, Cheongju, 361-763, Republic of - - 2013
Histamine is mainly produced by microorganisms that are found in fermented foods, and is frequently involved in food poisoning. Two histamine-producing bacteria were isolated from fermented fish products, anchovy sauce, and sand lance sauce by using a histidine decarboxylating medium. The species were identified as Bacillus licheniformis A7 and B. ...
Song Kyunghee K Department of Food and Nutrition, Myongji University, Gyeonggi 449-728, - - 2013
Despite well established health benefits, today's children do not eat enough vegetables. The purpose of this study was to determine the association between the number of unfamiliar foods in the vegetable food group and the preference for these foods and dietary factors. Subjects were 1,072 children in 5th and 6th ...
do Amarante Melo Geiseanny Fernandes GF Departamento de Engenharia de Alimentos, Centro de Tecnologia, Universidade Federal da Paraíba, João Pessoa, PB, - - 2013
The aim of this study was to assess the activity of essential oil extracted from the leaves of C. blanchetianus Baill, popularly known as "marmeleiro", in inhibiting the growth and survival of pathogenic microorganisms in food by determining their survival in vitro and by observing the behaviour of Listeria monocytogenes ...
Zanello Pier Paolo - - 2013
This research was aimed at the evaluation of the antimicrobial activity exerted by poultry protein hydrolyzates derived from industrial leftovers added to minced turkey meat, intended for the production of burgers for human consumption. Hydrolyzates were obtained through enzymatic hydrolysis from poultry bone and meat trimmings, as by-products from the ...
Rey M - - 2013
Establishment of ruminal bacterial community in dairy calves. Rumen bacterial community was analyzed on 6 calves bred according to commercial practices from day one to weaning at day 83 of age, using 454 16S rRNA-based pyrosequencing. Samples taken at day 1 did not produce amplicons. Analysis of data revealed a ...
Haase Jana K - - 2013
Listeria monocytogenes is ubiquitously prevalent in natural environments and is transmitted via the food chain to animals and humans, in whom it can cause life-threatening diseases. We used MultiLocus Sequence Typing (MLST) of ∼2,000 isolates of L. monocytogenes to investigate whether specific associations existed between clonal complexes (CCs) and the ...
Park Sang-Hyun - - 2013
A new medium (Lecithin and Levofloxacin - LL medium) is described for the isolation of Listeria monocytogenes from food samples. LL medium includes lecithin from soybeans for the detection of phosphatidylinositol-specific phospholipase C (PI-PLC) and phosphatidylcholine-specific phospholipase C (PC-PLC) produced by L. monocytogenes. Levofloxacin is incorporated to inhibit the growth ...
Reeves Anneli - - 2013
Nutritional intake of patients in acute respiratory failure receiving non-invasive ventilation has not previously been described, and no protocols have been developed to guide practice to optimise nutritional status. We aimed to measure energy and protein intakes of patients in acute respiratory failure requiring non-invasive ventilation receiving standard hospital nutritional ...
Pothakos Vasileios V LFMFP, Laboratory of Food Microbiology and Food Preservation, Department of Food Safety and Food Quality, Faculty of Bioscience Engineering, Ghent University, Member of Food2Know, Coupure Links 653, B-9000 Gent, Belgium. Electronic address: - - 2014
Previously, a considerable underestimation (+0.5-3.2 log CFU/g) on the contamination levels of psychrotrophic lactic acid bacteria (LAB) was observed for 33 retail, packaged food products stored at chilling temperature when the mesophilic enumeration technique was implemented as reference shelf-life parameter. In the present study, the microbial diversity of the dominant psychrotrophic ...
Brady Cristina M - - 2013
Facultative bacterial endosymbionts can play an important role in the evolutionary trajectory of their hosts. Aphids (Hemiptera: Aphididae) are infected with a wide variety of facultative endosymbionts that can confer ecologically relevant traits, which in turn may drive microevolutionary processes in a dynamic selective environment. However, relatively little is known ...
Tsonos Jessica - - 2013
Bacterial infections in animals impact our food production, leading to economic losses due to food rejection and the need for preventive and curative measures. Since the onset of the antibiotic era, the rise of antibiotic-resistant pathogens is causing scares in health care and food producing facilities worldwide. In the search ...
Svanström Asa - - 2013
Food spoilage caused by molds is a severe problem. In food and feed, e.g. dairy products, sourdough bread and silage, lactic acid bacteria are used as starter cultures. Besides lactic and acetic acid, some strains produce other low molecular weight compounds with antifungal activities. One of these metabolites is phenyllactic ...
Guo Xiaohui - - 2013
Thermophilic and mesophilic anaerobic digestion reactors (TR and MR) using food waste as substrate were compared with emphasis on microbial responses to increasing organic loading rate (OLR). At OLR ranging from 1.0 to 2.5gVSL(-1)d(-1), MR exhibited more stable performance compared to TR in terms of methane yield. Amplicons pyrosequencing results ...
Agyei-Baffour Peter - - 2013
Food borne diseases claim more lives and are growing public health concerns. Simple preventive techniques such as adoption and adherence to hazard analysis and critical control point (HACCP) policy can significantly reduce this disease burden. Though food screening and inspection are done, the ultimate regulation, Hazard Analysis and Critical Control ...
Shin Hwa Hui - - 2013
It is important to rapidly and selectively detect and analyze pathogenic Salmonella enterica subspecies enterica in contaminated food to reduce the morbidity and mortality of Salmonella infection and to guarantee food safety. In the present work, we developed an oligonucleotide microarray containing duplicate specific capture probes based on the carB ...
Keys Ashley L - - 2013
The recovery of low levels of Listeria monocytogenes from foods is complicated by the presence of competing microorganisms. Nonpathogenic species of Listeria pose a particular problem because variation in growth rate during the enrichment step can produce more colonies of these nontarget cells on selective and/or differential media, resulting in ...
Keding Gudrun B GB Justus Liebig University Giessen, Institute of Nutritional Sciences, Department of International Nutrition , Giessen , Germany ; Bioversity International , Nairobi , - - 2013
For many developing countries, obesity and its sequelae have become a challenge of a magnitude similar to hunger and undernutrition. The main objective of this study was, therefore, to investigate the weight status of women in rural Tanzania with reference to season as well as the link between women's weight, ...
Schlotz Nina - - 2013
Interactions between hosts and parasites can be substantially modulated by host nutrition. Polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) are essential dietary nutrients; they are indispensable as structural components of cell membranes and as precursors for eicosanoids, signalling molecules which act on reproduction and immunity. Here, we explored the potential of dietary PUFAs ...
Mehta Ridhi - - 2013
Bacteriocins produced by lactic acid bacteria are of keen interest to the food industry for their bio-preservative potential and antimicrobial properties. The increasing demand for high quality 'safe' foods which are not extensively processed has created a niche for natural food preservatives. The bacteriocins (produced by bacteria) derived their name ...
Carrique-Mas Juan J - - 2013
Vietnam has experienced unprecedented economic and social development in recent years, and the livestock sector is undergoing significant transformations. Although food animal production is still dominated by small-scale 'backyard' enterprises with mixed crop-livestock or livestock-aquatic systems, there is a trend towards more intensive and vertically integrated operations. Changes in animal ...
Ma Cong - - 2013
Abstract Vibrio parahaemolyticus infection has been considered the leading cause of bacterial illnesses mainly associated with seafood consumption in Guangdong province in China. In this study, epidemiological and etiological characteristics of 36 V. parahaemolyticus outbreaks that occurred from 2008 to 2010 in Guangdong province were analyzed; 284 strains involved were ...
Gorissen Lara L a Laboratory for Animal Nutrition and Animal Product Quality, Department of Animal Production , Ghent University , Proefhoevestraat 10, B-9090 , Melle , - - 2013
ABSTRACT Conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) and conjugated linolenic acid (CLNA) isomers are present in foods derived from ruminants as a result of the respective linoleic acid (LA) and α-linolenic acid (LNA) metabolism by ruminal microorganisms and in animals' tissues. CLA and CLNA have isomer-specific, health-promoting properties, including anti-carcinogenic, anti-atherogenic, anti-inflammatory, ...
Dhama K K Division of Pathology, Indian Veterinary Research Institute, Izatnagar, Bareilly (U.P.)-243122, - - 2013
The term food borne diseases or food-borne illnesses or more commonly food poisoning are used to denote gastrointestinal complications that occur following recent consumption of a particular food or drink. Millions of people suffer worldwide every year and the situation is quiet grave in developing nations creating social and economic ...
Daneshvar Alavi Hessam Edin - - 2013
This study investigated the dynamics of static biofilm formation (100% RH, 15 °C, 48-72 h) and desiccation survival (43% RH, 15 °C, 21 days) of Listeria monocytogenes, in dual species biofilms with the common spoilage bacteria, Pseudomonas fluorescens, Serratia proteamaculans and Shewanella baltica, on the surface of food grade stainless steel. The Gram-negative bacteria ...
Tryland M M Section for Arctic Veterinary Medicine, Department of Food Safety and Infection Biology, Norwegian School of Veterinary Science, Tromsø, - - 2013
Only a few countries worldwide hunt seals and whales commercially. In Norway, hooded and harp seals and minke whales are commercially harvested, and coastal seals (harbour and grey seals) are hunted as game. Marine mammal meat is sold to the public and thus included in general microbiological meat control regulations. ...
Norbury Grant - - 2013
Biotic invasions and habitat modification are two drivers of global change predicted to have detrimental impacts on the persistence of indigenous biota worldwide. Few studies have investigated how they operate synergistically to alter trophic interactions among indigenous and nonindigenous species in invaded ecosystems. We experimentally manipulated a suite of interacting ...
Denes Thomas T Department of Food Science, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY 14853, - - 2014
Bacterial foodborne pathogens can rapidly respond to changes in their environment, granting them the ability to survive under a broad range of conditions. In doing so, they undergo physiological alterations that can influence the efficacy of detection and interventions used in the food industry. As bacteriophage-based applications in food safety ...
González Isabel - - 2013
The number of emerging pathogenic species described within the genus Arcobacter has increased fastly during the last few years. In this work, a genus-specific PCR assay was developed for detection of the Arcobacter species most commonly associated with foods. The assay uses primers designed to amplify an 85 bp DNA ...
Momtaz Hassan - - 2013
Among all species of Listeria, Listeria monocytogenes (L. monocytogenes) is a major pathogenic microorganism of humans and animals and L. ivanovii is rarely pathogenic for humans. The objective of this study was to isolate and characterize Listeria species and to determine the frequencies of virulence genes in L. monocytogenes serotypes ...
Locke Sean A - - 2013
Recent studies of aquatic food webs show that parasite diversity is concentrated in nodes that likely favour transmission. Various aspects of parasite diversity have been observed to be correlated with the trophic level, size, diet breadth, and vulnerability to predation of hosts. However, no study has attempted to distinguish among ...
He Xuan - - 2013
The human gastrointestinal tract contains a highly complex ecosystem that harbors various microorganisms, which together create a unique environment within each individual. There is growing awareness that dietary habits are one of the essential factors contributing to the microbial diversity and community configuration that ultimately affects human health. From an ...
Kalichman Seth C - - 2013
Food insecurity is associated with HIV treatment non-adherence and poor health outcomes for people living with HIV/AIDS. Given the poor nutritional status common to people who drink alcohol, food insecurity may be particularly problematic for HIV positive individuals who drink alcohol. To examine food insecurity among HIV positive men and ...
Stecher Bärbel - - 2013
Antibiotic therapy predisposes the host to infections with human enteropathogens. In a recent study, Ng et al. (2013) demonstrate that antibiotic-mediated disruption of the microbial food web gives rise to free microbiota-liberated monosaccharides in the gut, which can promote growth of enteropathogenic bacteria.
Rossi Maddalena - - 2013
Many healthy phytochemicals occur in food in the form of esters, glyco-conjugates, or polymers which are not directly bioavailable. Probiotic lactobacilli and bifidobacteria, which have evolved within the colonic ecosystem where indigestible oligo- and polysaccharides are their sole carbon sources, bear several of glycosyl-hydrolases and can contribute to release the ...
Finn Sarah - - 2013
Salmonella can survive for extended periods of time in low-moisture environments posing a challenge for modern food production. This dangerous pathogen must be controlled throughout the production chain with a minimal risk of dissemination. Limited information is currently available describing the behavior and characteristics of this important zoonotic foodborne bacterium ...
Keesing Felicia - - 2013
In African savannas, large mammals, both wild and domestic, support an abundant and diverse population of tick ectoparasites. Because of the density of ticks and the many pathogens that they vector, cattle in East Africa are often treated with acaricides. While acaricides are known to be effective at reducing tick ...
Hertwig Stefan - - 2013
Bacteriophages are a promising tool to combat pathogenic bacteria along the food chain. In this review we give a comprehensive overview about studies that have been carried out to appraise the potential of phages to reduce the number of foodborne pathogens and spoilage bacteria in food products. The published data ...
Griese Stephanie E - - 2013
During an investigation of an outbreak of gastroenteritis caused by Salmonella enterica serovar Paratyphi B variant L(+) tartrate(+), we identified unpasteurized tempeh as a novel food vehicle and Rhizopus spp. starter culture as the source of the contamination. Safe handling of uncooked, unpasteurized tempeh should be emphasized for prevention of ...
Tan Seth Yang-En SY Singapore Centre on Environmental Life Sciences Engineering (SCELSE), Nanyang Technological University, Singapore 637551, Singapore; Singapore Centre on Environmental Life Sciences Engineering (SCELSE), Interdisciplinary Graduate School, Nanyang Technological University, Singapore 637551, - - 2014
Bacteria form surface-attached biofilm communities in nature. In contrast to free-living cells, bacterial cells within biofilms resist sanitizers and antimicrobials. While building biofilms, cells physiologically adapt to sustain the otherwise lethal impacts of a variety of environmental stress conditions. In this development, the production and embedding of cells in extracellular ...
Tomlins Andrew M - - 2013
Amino acid utilization is important for the growth of the erythrocytic stages of the human malaria parasite Plasmodium falciparum, however the molecular mechanism that permits survival of the parasite during conditions of limiting amino acid supply is poorly understood. We provide data here suggesting that an autophagy pathway functions in ...
Meisel Susann - - 2014
The development of fast and reliable sensing techniques to detect food-borne microorganisms is a permanent concern in food industry and health care. For this reason, Raman microspectroscopy was applied to rapidly detect pathogens in meat, which could be a promising supplement to currently established methods. In this context, a spectral ...
Adelman James S JS Department of Biological Sciences, Virginia Tech, Blacksburg, VA 24061, USA. - - 2013
Although ambient temperature has diverse effects on disease dynamics, few studies have examined how temperature alters pathogen transmission by changing host physiology or behaviour. Here, we test whether reducing ambient temperature alters host foraging, pathology and the potential for fomite transmission of the bacterial pathogen Mycoplasma gallisepticum (MG), which causes ...
Rossiter Wayne W Department of Biology, Waynesburg University, 51 W. College St., Waynesburg, PA 15320, United - - 2013
As the data have poured in, and the number of published food webs containing parasites has increased, questions have been raised as to why free-living species consistently outnumber parasites, even though most general reviews on the subject of host:parasite species richness suggest the contrary. Here, I describe this pattern as ...
Dussault Dominic - - 2013
The purpose of this research was to evaluate the application of commercially available essential oils (EOs) and oleoresins to control bacterial pathogens for ready to eat food. In this study, sixty seven commercial EOs, oleoresins (ORs) and pure compounds were used to evaluate in vitro their antimicrobial activity against six ...
McQuaid C Finn - - 2013
Food web structure of free-living species is an important determinant of parasite species richness. Downwardly asymmetric predator-prey interactions (where there are more prey than predator species) have been shown, both theoretically and empirically, to harbour more trophically transmitted parasite species than expected due to chance. Here, we demonstrate that this ...
Fu Zhongyu - - 2013
Listeria monocytogenes (L. monocytogenes), one of most problematic food-borne bacteria, is mainly transmitted through the food chain and may cause listeriosis. Therefore, the development of rapid and sensitive L. monocytogenes detection technique has become an urgent task. In this study, we proposed a method using hyperbranching rolling circle amplification (HRCA) ...
Gómez Andrés A American Museum of Natural History, Central Park West at 79th Street, New York, NY 10024, - - 2013
Parasites appropriate host resources to feed and/or to reproduce, and lower host fitness to varying degrees. As a consequence, they can negatively impact human and animal health, food production, economic trade, and biodiversity conservation. They can also be difficult to study and have historically been regarded as having little influence ...
Brown Helen L - - 2013
To develop a staining method for specific detection of metabolically active (viable) cells in biofilms of the food-borne pathogen Campylobacter jejuni. Conversion of 2,3,5 triphenyltetrazolium chloride (TTC) to insoluble, red 1,3,5-triphenylformazan (TPF) was dependent on metabolic activity of C. jejuni. When used with chicken juice, TTC staining allowed quantification of ...
Jackson Brendan R - - 2013
Salmonella enterica infections are transmitted not only by animal-derived foods but also by vegetables, fruits, and other plant products. To clarify links between Salmonella serotypes and specific foods, we examined the diversity and predominance of food commodities implicated in outbreaks of salmonellosis during 1998-2008. More than 80% of outbreaks caused ...
Jansen Jochem M - - 2013
JANSEN, J.M., J.G. Daams, M.W.J. Koeter, D.J. Veltman, W. van den Brink, and A.E. Goudriaan. Effects of non-invasive neurostimulation on craving: a meta-analysis NEUROSCI BIOBEHAV REV xx(x) XXX-XXX, 2013 - This meta-analysis was conducted to evaluate the available evidence regarding the effects of non-invasive neurostimulation of the dorsolateral prefrontal cortex ...
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